Subjects -> FORESTS AND FORESTRY (Total: 130 journals)
    - FORESTS AND FORESTRY (129 journals)
    - LUMBER AND WOOD (1 journals)

FORESTS AND FORESTRY (129 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 12 of 12 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Brasiliensis     Open Access  
Advance in Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Forestry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agrociencia     Open Access  
Agroforestry Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Annals of Forest Research     Open Access  
Annals of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Silvicultural Research     Open Access  
Appita Journal: Journal of the Technical Association of the Australian and New Zealand Pulp and Paper Industry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Arboricultural Journal : The International Journal of Urban Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi / Artvin Coruh University Journal of Forestry Faculty     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Forest Grower     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Banko Janakari     Open Access  
Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi / Journal of Bartin Faculty of Forestry     Open Access  
BIOFIX Scientific Journal     Open Access  
Bosque     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Canadian Journal of Plant Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Central European Forestry Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia forestal en México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Colombia Forestal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Forestry Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Landscape Ecology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dissertationes Forestales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Eurasian Journal of Forest Science     Open Access  
European Journal of Forest Engineering     Open Access  
European Journal of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Expert Opinion on Environmental Biology     Hybrid Journal  
Folia Forestalia Polonica. Seria A - Forestry     Open Access  
Forest Ecology and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Forest Ecosystems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Forest Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Forest Policy and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Forest Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Forest@ : Journal of Silviculture and Forest Ecology     Open Access  
Foresta Veracruzana     Open Access  
Forestry : Journal of Institute of Forestry, Nepal     Open Access  
Forestry Chronicle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Forestry Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forestry Studies     Open Access  
Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Forests     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Forests, Trees and Livelihoods     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Forests and Global Change     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ghana Journal of Forestry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
iForest : Biogeosciences and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Forester     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
INNOTEC : Revista del Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay     Open Access  
International Forestry Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Forest Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Forestry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research     Open Access  
Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Biodiversity Management & Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Bioresources and Bioproducts     Open Access  
Journal of Environmental Extension     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Forest and Natural Resource Management     Open Access  
Journal of Forest Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Forestry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Horticulture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sustainable Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Wood Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacea     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi Kehutanan     Open Access  
Jurnal Pertanian Terpadu     Open Access  
Jurnal Sylva Lestari     Open Access  
La Calera     Open Access  
Landscapes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Lesnoy Zhurnal     Open Access  
Madera y Bosques     Open Access  
Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología     Open Access  
Natural Areas Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
New Forests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Journal of Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ormancılık Araştırma Dergisi / Turkish Journal of Forestry Research     Open Access  
Parks Stewardship Forum     Open Access  
Peer Community Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Proceedings of the Forestry Academy of Sciences of Ukraine     Open Access  
Quebracho. Revista de Ciencias Forestales     Open Access  
Research Journal of Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Chapingo. Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Ciencias Forestales     Open Access  
Revista de Agricultura Neotropical     Open Access  
Revista Ecologia e Nutrição Florestal - ENFLO     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Forestal Mesoamericana Kurú     Open Access  
Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revue forestière française     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Rural Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Rwanda Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Savannah Journal of Research and Development     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Selbyana     Open Access  
Silva Balcanica     Open Access  
Small-scale Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Southern Forests : a Journal of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Tanzania Journal of Forestry and Nature Conservation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Textual : Análisis del Medio Rural Latinoamericano     Open Access  
Trees     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Trees, Forests and People     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Urban Forestry & Urban Greening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Wahana Forestra : Jurnal Kehutanan     Open Access  
Wood and Fiber Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Small-scale Forestry
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.491
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 1  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1873-7854 - ISSN (Online) 1873-7617
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Factors Influencing Private Forest Owners’ Readiness to Perform Forest
           Management Services Within a Machinery Ring

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      Abstract: Abstract The cooperation of private forest owners has been recognized in many European countries, including Slovenia, as a key forest policy instrument to support sustainable management of private forests and implement policy objectives. In Slovenia, private forest owners have the opportunity to cooperate in machinery rings (an organised form of neighbourhood assistance as an association of farmers and private forest owners) to solve forest management related problems and more efficiently use of mechanization. The aim of this study is to determine the readiness of private forest owner to perform forest management services within machinery rings and to understand how property characteristics, forest management activities and owners’ socio-demographic characteristics influence their decisions. In 2020, a survey of machinery rings members (n = 438) was conducted in which 24 machinery rings participated, representing 64,9% of the total number of machinery rings currently operating in Slovenia. The results show that only 18,3% of the machinery ring member perform forest management services within the machinery ring. A random utility model results showed that the readiness of private forest owners to perform forest management services within a machinery ring is influenced by forest property size and owners age. To motivate private forest owners to perform a forest management activity within a machinery ring more frequently, it is important to identify the profile of owners ready to perform services and provide a mix of innovative and supportive policy instruments to achieve the desired forest policy outcomes.
      PubDate: 2022-05-17
       
  • Performance of Forwarding Operations in Biomass Recovery from Apple
           Orchards

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      Abstract: Abstract In recent decades, the use of forwarders in agroforestry systems has been increasing. In agroforestry systems, the possibility to use these machines in various operational contexts allows the reduction of hourly costs and favors its use also in small enterprises. In Europe, agroforestry or farm forestry represents an important resource that offers alternative and more sustainable land uses in agricultural or forestry areas. By covering large areas, fruit orchards represent an important source of income, but they require annual pruning which leaves abundant residues on the ground. And when fruit production declines, the trees are dismantled to make room for new ones. This study evaluated the performance of biomass recovery from dismantled apple orchards using a HSM 208 F forwarder. Time studies were implemented to estimate the productivity and fuel consumption of forwarding operations. Data was collected by means of a GPS unit, a video camera and an electric fuel pump, and 30 work cycles divided into elemental tasks were monitored. Models for time consumption and productivity as a function of extraction distance were developed by means of least-square simple regression, at different scales needed to characterize the forwarding operations. The average forwarding distance was of ca. 830 m and the net and gross forwarding production rates were of 21.79 and 15.35 loose m3 h − 1 (volume of woodchips produced), respectively. The study provides reference data for forwarding operations and demonstrates the successful use of forestry machines in the agricultural sector.
      PubDate: 2022-04-26
       
  • Private Forestlands in South Carolina: Motivations for Implementing
           Conservation Practices

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      Abstract: Abstract This study aims to understand the conservation practices taking place on private forestlands in South Carolina, United States. Much of the forestlands in the eastern United States are privately owned, and landowners can elect whether to implement conservation practices. A questionnaire was distributed to South Carolina landowners to elicit information on land tenure, the type of conservation practices they use, and the best methods for increasing the use of these practices. We specifically focused on prescribed fire because of its importance to management regimes and the debate that surrounds this practice. Results from our questionnaire that was randomly distributed to South Carolina forest landowners showed that many landowners use at least one conservation practice or are interested in implementing one or more practice. Our Logit regression analysis showed that certain factors including land size and belonging to an environmental group were significant and associated with increased implementation of prescribe fire. From the model and statistical analysis of the landowner responses, we inferred that educational and financial resources are two crucial factors for encouraging landowners to implement conservation practices and retain landowners already involved in the cost share programs. Furthermore, helping landowners with implementation of prescribed fire through their inclusion in prescribed fire organizations and funding opportunities would most likely increase adoption and contribute to conserving ecosystem services in South Carolina and other states with large areas of land in private ownership.
      PubDate: 2022-04-07
       
  • Testing the Applicability and Credibility of the High Conservation Value
           Forest (HCVF) Toolkit: A Systematic Global Review

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      Abstract: Abstract The evaluation of conservation practices has become increasingly important to many environmental scientists, land managers, and policymakers due to rising concerns regarding the continued provision of ecosystem services. As part of efforts to identify forests in need of special protection under Forest Stewardship Council principle 9, the High Conservation Value Forest (HCVF) toolkit was designed and published in 2003 and has been applied to forestlands globally. Through a meta-analysis of research papers and technical reports, the present study explores the application of the toolkit in conservation efforts from 2003 to 2021. We analyzed 108 documents to extract information on measures and methods used through toolkit application, core conservation values considered, outcomes of the toolkit application in different geographic regions, challenges addressed, and possible solutions. Among six categories of HCVs identified using the toolkit, those related to biodiversity conservation were the most frequently mentioned. However, recent studies have also emphasized the importance of conserving forestlands offering a wide range of ecosystem services as well as forests with critical cultural values. Our analysis showed that the HCVF toolkit is a useful tool in identifying and prioritizing forestlands with high conservation values and that it has been used in contexts outside of its original intended purpose in support of forest certification processes. Yet there are challenges and limitations in using the toolkit in different countries with varied conservation regulations and socio-economic conditions that may require improvements in future updates of the toolkit.
      PubDate: 2022-04-04
       
  • Knowledge Retention and Changes in Licensed Chainsaw Workers’ risk
           awareness

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      Abstract: Abstract Work with chainsaws is hazardous and felling trees is the activity with the highest risks for injuries and fatalities. While industrial forestry is increasingly mechanized, manual felling is still the main work method for private, small-scale forest owners. During this work, the workers’ safety heavily depends on their skill and safe practice, so training is presumably important for preventing injuries and reducing fatalities. Unfortunately, private forest owners have been difficult to reach with this kind of safety intervention. Moreover, target chainsaw users are not likely to repeat the training very frequently. Hence, the training must both be effective and be so for many years to come. This paper addresses the knowledge retention and self-reported changes in behaviour of 682 chainsaw users who passed the exam for the Swedish chainsaw licence 1, 3, 5, 7 or 9 years previously. Acquisition of the licence resulted in a strong increase in 98% of the participants’ risk awareness and safe work practices. Less than half (45%) of the participants passed a re-test equivalent to the theoretical examination for the chainsaw licence. Private forest owners performed somewhat better than employees did. The main indicator of retained knowledge of safe chainsaw handling was frequency of practice the previous year. After one year, the test results did not deteriorate with additional time. Based on those results, the best practice is to ensure regular usage of the chainsaw and refresher training when the chainsaw has not been used for a year.
      PubDate: 2022-04-02
       
  • Evaluating the “Village Forests” in Indonesia: Property Rights and
           Sustainability Perspectives

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      Abstract: Abstract The “Village Forest” is a right given to a village government to manage certain area of forest around the village. This study discusses the difference between forest utilization license and forest management rights according to Indonesia’s statutory laws and goes on to examine their workings and implication for “Village forest” management. The study includes: a content analysis of the 28 forest resources-related statutory laws; household surveys of de jure property right in three villages; spatial analysis of changing land cover between 2000 and 2015 using satellite images and official data. This study finds some contradictions in framing forest definitions; ambiguity in the delineation of forest area; under-regulation of substantial allocations of forests to private companies; and under-utilised potential for recognising community-based agroforests. We trace the problems of “Village Forest” management in three villages in Berau, East Kalimantan where there are varying gaps between de jure provisions and de facto rights in managing forests. In these villages, community perceptions of customary entitlements interact with their understandings and experiences of the official classifications in a context where the state has granted substantial concessions to private companies for logging, and has at times recognised a “Village Forest”. This study concludes that promoting a local rule in favour of communities would increase the consistency between de jure and de facto bundles of rights and has potential to contribute to sustainable forest management, particularly “Village Forests”.
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
       
  • Economic Contributions of Forestry Service Providers in Mississippi, USA

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      Abstract: Abstract We used three comprehensive datasets to assess economic activities at as granular a level as possible for Support Activities for Forestry industry in Mississippi in 2019. The labor market company Emsi® provided the most current employment estimates by 6-digit North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) codes along with a geographic listing of businesses by NAICS codes that contained employment, earnings, and sales data. Esri® further categorized the 6-digit codes into 8-digits, thus providing a more detailed view of this sub-sector’s businesses. However, since business listings do not comprehensively tabulate all businesses of each classification within a region, we developed a weighting method to estimate output, jobs, and earnings for the following industries using Emsi® data- Foresters Consulting, Government – Forestry Services, and Forest Restoration. A statewide input–output model, along with sub-regional models, were estimated using the IMPLAN® software to identify economic contributions to the state and regional economies. Total annual sales across Mississippi were $84.5 million; sales were greatest in the Central subregion, with the South, North close behind. Consulting Foresters was the largest industry by sales, jobs, and earnings. Total economic contributions were 1,140 jobs and $59.79 million in value added on total sales of $121.99 million. South Mississippi received the greatest regional contributions from Foresters Consulting, while Central Mississippi received the greatest benefits from Government – Forestry Services and Forest Restoration.
      PubDate: 2022-03-23
       
  • Nonindustrial Private Forest Landowners (NIPF) Willingness to Pay for
           Forest Certification in Arkansas

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      Abstract: Abstract Forest certification is a global voluntary, market-based approach to promoting sustainable forest management. A major barrier for small landowners like nonindustrial private forest (NIPF) landowners in the southeastern United States to participate in this program is certification costs. We conducted a mail survey of NIPF landowners in Arkansas to uncover whether they are willing to pay for forest certification and factors that influence their willingness to pay. Most of these landowners were not familiar with (68.7%) nor interested in (51.4%) forest certification. Younger or well-educated landowners and those with a higher household income, having a desire to protect nature and biodiversity and wildlife, or having received information or professional advice about forest management were more likely to pay for the certification. A clear picture also emerged of how these landowners desired to be educated about certification via both active and passive education methods. Our findings indicate that there is limited potential for expanding the participation of the NIPF landowners in the existing forest certification programs. A large-scale expansion, however, would require forest certification programs to effectively address the certification cost barrier and to incentivize those who desire to protect nature and biodiversity as well as privacy.
      PubDate: 2022-03-18
       
  • Assessing Economic and Shared Social Values of Forest Conservation to
           Improve Water Availability: A Case Study of the Protected Forest Reserve
           of El Quinini, Colombia

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      Abstract: Abstract Most of the rural population of developing countries depends on forest ecosystems; consequently, there is a myriad of trade-offs that jeopardize the ability of the forest to produce goods and services. To maintain the current forest cover and offer opportunities to improve rural livelihoods, more attention has been paid to the development of strategies to assess the plurality of values associated with ecosystem services. Stated preference methods have served to asses non-market values of ecosystem goods and services; nevertheless, they have been criticized for their inability to reflect social values and the limited stakeholder´s participation in the selection of attributes for valuation. The aim of this study was to asses shared social values associated with water provision to further integrate them as attributes for contingent valuation. The study was conducted in a small community in central Colombia. Shared social values, the values held in common by forest owners, were assessed through application of problem tree and participatory mapping techniques; and the willingness to pay method was used for economic valuation. Results showed that forest owners expressed their shared social values as three projects to aimed at enhancing the health of the forest in the reserve: environmental education, forest restoration, and agroforestry. The contingent valuation indicated that despite the very low income of forest owners (US$251.32 per month), there was a high support (74%) to pay an extra US$ 1.84 per month in the water bill to implement the projects. Our study presented a systematic procedure that combines methodologies to assess the multiple ways in which forest ecosystems are important to people. Ecosystem services have collective significance that can be assessed in small local communities to enable participation in policy making.
      PubDate: 2022-03-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s11842-022-09505-z
       
  • Management and Woody Species Diversity in Boundary Agroforestry of Banja
           District, Northwestern Ethiopia

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      Abstract: Abstract Although boundaries are considered important semi-natural environments and refugia for biodiversity in areas dominated by intensive agriculture, the ways local communities manage species diversity has received little attention. Hence, this study has characterized major boundary types and the associated woody species diversity and socioeconomic role of boundary agroforestry in northwestern Ethiopia. One hundred and twenty households were randomly selected for household surveys and vegetation inventories were carried out in 80 purposively selected boundary agroforestry sites. Variation in Simpson, Shannon–Wiener and Evenness indices among boundary types was analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Four different boundary types were identified, based on place and purpose of establishment. Altogether, 58 woody species representing 33 families were recorded. The mean number of woody species was 22, while the mean Simpson, Shannon–Wiener and Evenness indices for woody species were 0.61, 2.33, and 0.67, respectively. Survey results showed that woody species diversity was significantly higher in homestead boundaries. Lower diversity was calculated for in-farm boundaries. Similarity in composition of woody species among boundary types ranged between 0.33 and 0.38. Eucalyptus globulus ranked first in terms of the Importance Value Index, while Justicia schimperiana was the most woody woody species. Private production of seedlings was the main source of planting material for establishment of boundaries. Tending, pruning, pollarding, coppicing, and firming were the most important management practices. Seventeen use types were recorded, each represented by 6–56 species. Boundary agroforestry constitutes 9.40% of the annual income for the local community. Generally, the study showed that boundaries accommodated high species diversity and are important for household livelihood improvement, beautification of landscapes and biodiversity conservation in arable landscapes.
      PubDate: 2022-03-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s11842-022-09503-1
       
  • The Contribution of Forest Extraction to Income Diversification and
           Poverty Alleviation for Indonesian Smallholder Cattle Breeders

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      Abstract: Abstract Smallholder farmers in developing countries often lack resources. They rely mostly on extensive production approaches, such as cattle keeping and resort more to extracting forest resources at no charge. Our objective is to assess the relationship between the diversification of income sources, poverty and livelihood capital for smallholder farm households which combine cattle farming with forest extraction. We collected 600 surveys from Indonesian farmers specialized along the cattle rearing supply chain (464 breeders, 66 feeders and 70 mixed breeder-feeders). We found no correlation between poverty and income diversification. Cattle breeders have been found to rely most on forest resources. Distance to cropland and forest correlated positively, whereas their education level correlated negatively with income diversification. Feeders who were owning other livestock, were a member of a forest user group and owned some modest capital like a motorbike showed increased income diversification. Crops are the most important source of income for farmers, whereas cattle keeping and forest extraction play a role in income diversification. Increasing ecological pressure caused by forest extraction due to expanding cattle production could be best avoided by extending those parts of the cattle sector that use forest resources in a sustainable manner, for instance, through silvopastural systems or agroforestry so that incomes of poor farmers get more diversified and, therefore stabilized.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11842-022-09504-0
       
  • Farmers’ Knowledge and Perceptions of Management and the Impact of Trees
           on-Farm in the Mt. Elgon Region of Uganda

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      Abstract: Abstract Understanding farmers’ underlying perceptions and knowledge of the impact of trees on-farm is essential to develop appropriate agroforestry practices that meet farmers’ aspirations. Using the Australian-funded Trees for Food Security (T4FS) project as a case study, we obtained quantitative data from questionnaire interviews with 400 smallholder farmers belonging to four farmer categories in the Mt. Elgon region of Uganda. The categories were: (1) those actively participating in the T4FS project from phase 1 (2014); (2) farmers neighbouring those actively participating in the T4FS project from phase 1; (3) farmers actively participating in the T4FS project from phase 2 (2017) and; (4) farmers living distant and unaware of the T4FS project. Farmer perceptions and knowledge of the impact of trees on farm and their management varied across the farmer categories studied. The intended purpose of trees on farm was perceived differently by the four farmer categories (p < 0.05), which may have implications to their adoption and scaling up. Unlike other farmer categories, the majority of farmers actively participating in the T4FS project from phase 1 perceived planting of trees for shade as not being too much trouble for what it is worth (complexity), and that a garden shaded with trees has more general benefits than an unshaded garden (relative advantage). While 50% of farmers actively participating in the T4FS project from phase 1 indicated that they pruned their tree canopies, tree pruning was mainly driven by the need for fuelwood, rather than the need to reduce tree shade. All the four farmer categories perceived that coffee grown under shade was more likely to be infected by diseases than unshaded coffee, attributing it to poor shade tree management. Managing these trees would otherwise control the negative effects of over shading and prolong the period of intercropping. This study shows the importance of context-specific design of research and development projects aiming for local impact.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11842-021-09488-3
       
  • Evolution of Community-Based Enterprise Governance Over Time: Lessons
           Learned from the Maya Biosphere Reserve

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper focuses upon the organizational governance of community forest enterprises (CFEs) in the Maya Biosphere Reserve (MBR) of Northern Guatemala. The MBR's community-forest concession system has become an international model for community-based forest management and community forest enterprise (CFE) development due to the socio-economic and ecological benefits that it has achieved. Many CFEs managing forest concessions within the reserve have been able to curb deforestation rates and improve local forest quality while enjoying jobs and income gained from selling timber and non-timber forest products. Income generated by CFEs supports sustainable livelihoods and incentivizes forest protection. However, while the forest-management practices in the reserve have been well documented, less is known about the internal governance of these CFEs and how these systems have developed over time. This paper focuses upon research conducted on the evolution of CFE organizational governance. Research involved interviews, document review, and observation. CFEs face unique challenges during different phases of their development. This paper outlines the challenges described by key informants in the MBR as well as how they were able to overcome these challenges. It then provides suggestions for future research and application.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11842-021-09486-5
       
  • Forest Provisioning Services Use Pattern: A Case Study from Renuka Forest
           Division, Western Himalaya

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      Abstract: Abstract The present study was carried out at two altitudinal zones in the Renuka forest Division in Himachal Pradesh (Western Himalaya, India) and explored provisioning services use patterns to understand mountain people’s dependency on the adjacent forest. A total of 29 villages were surveyed for the study of forest ecosystem services in relation to their socioeconomic status. Average fuelwood and fodder consumption were found to be 2.3 kg−1 capita−1 day−1 and 46.02 kg household−1 day−1 in the higher altitudinal zone and 1.70 kg capita−1 day−1 and 46.0 kg household−1 day−1, in the lower altitudinal zone which were greater consumption rates than earlier reported values from western Himalaya. Due to the remote area and poor socio-economic status of the locals, they are largely dependent on nearby forests for provisioning services. Planting of trees for fuelwood and fodder on less used, barren land, increased availability of alternative sources of fuelwood and establishment of fodder banks could be alternatives to bridge the gap between demand and supply. Also, the active participation of local people is imperative for the effective conservation of these forests.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11842-021-09487-4
       
  • Applying Service-Dominant Logic to Peer-to-Peer Experiences Between Master
           Forest Owner Volunteers and Woodland Owners in New York State

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      Abstract: Abstract Peer learning programs in forestry are a valuable resource for woodland owners, yet many forestry outreach programs in the U.S. and Europe are underutilized. Recent literature has suggested that current models peer learning and outreach programs could benefit from adopting a service-dominant logic, which centers on value creation through exchange, such as trusted peer relationships. This study employs a service dominant logic approach to examine the peer-to-peer experience between woodland owners and Master Forest Owner (MFO) Volunteers, a peer learning program offered through Cooperative Extension in New York State. A quantitative survey was administered to woodland owners that previously had a visit with a peer volunteer in the last ten years. Additionally, this study examined whether or not “peerness,” or a shared sense of similar practical tasks, contributed to the peer learning experience and any decisions woodland owners made after a visit with an MFO. The results from this study support a service-dominant logic approach to future marketing and outreach campaigns to draw more woodland owners to the program. Furthermore, we found that the co-creative value and trust produced during the peer-to-peer learning experience via the service-dominant lens overrides any potential differences among peer volunteers and woodland owners, in terms of perceived “peerness.”
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11842-021-09485-6
       
  • Optimizing Aggregation of Small Forest Stands for Thinning Operations: A
           Case Study in Nasushiobara, Tochigi Prefecture, Japan

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      Abstract: Abstract Aggregation of small forest stands into larger management units has been one of the main challenges to improve the management scheme in Japan where the majority of forest owners are small-scale owners. Doing so can improve the efficiency of thinning operations by expanding forest operation sites and by building more efficient road networks over the aggregated management units through the coordination and consolidation of the management practices of small-scale forest owners and resulting in reduced operating costs. We develop a spatially explicit 0–1optimization model that searches for optimal aggregation patterns considering spatial locations of nearby forest roads. In order to take into account the connectivity of forest roads among aggregated management units for logging and hauling, we assume aggregated units located away from a nearby road must be treated only after the aggregated units that act as the pathway to the road are harvested. We solve the 0–1 integer programming problem sequentially in each period of time. We demonstrate our approach using a part of a forest in Nasushiobara, Tochigi prefecture, Japan. Our study forest consists of 1346 forest management units covering an area of 876 ha. We consider various management scenarios and search for the optimal solution to each scenario. Each management scenario has a different set of constraints (e.g., volume flow constraint, the maximum allowable area for aggregation per period, etc.) to be satisfied. Our simulation results show that our proposed approach is able to provide useful information to help forest managers to develop an aggregation plan based on analytical framework that allows us to consider forest growth within and among aggregated units as well as the potential road network connectivity for the entire landscape.
      PubDate: 2022-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11842-022-09502-2
       
  • Forest Stands as Collateral in Indonesia

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      Abstract: Abstract The use of low or non-risk assets as collateral is common practice. However, if only the forest stand, which does not include the land where the forest stand is located, can be used as collateral for a loan with a low interest rate, then a new chapter of forestry history has been born. Low interest rate loans with forest stands as collateral have been adopted in Indonesia as a new scheme of providing financial support for small-scale businesses. As common practice, high risk loans are usually penalized by charging a higher interest rate. A sample of 167 respondents taking out loans were interviewed and field visits made to evaluate this scheme. It is found that the scheme is promising in promoting economic activities and at the same time improving the environment in rural areas. These loans are generally used to open new small-businesses or develop existing small businesses while forest stands continue to be maintained for subsequent loan collateral. There is a tendency that borrowers want to repay their loans sooner than the agreed time period in order to be eligible for the next loan. How the scheme works is outlined and weaknesses are identified.
      PubDate: 2021-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11842-021-09491-8
       
  • Preventing the Further Spread of Kudzu (Pueraria montana): A Stakeholder
           Perception Analysis on Best Management Practices (BMPs)

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      Abstract: Abstract Kudzu is a rapidly growing ornamental vine, which continues to invade forests and other natural ecosystems in many parts of the United States including the state of Oklahoma. Effective quarantine regulations and their strict enforcement can help prevent invasive species from spreading, but public awareness, support, and early detection are keys for long-term success. The goal of this study is to understand whether stakeholders representing government agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), or landowners have similar or differing opinions of using best management practices (BMPs) to help prevent the further spread of kudzu. Study results suggested that while professionals working in government agencies and NGOs favored the positive aspects of BMPs, landowners had a reasonable suspicion of potential mismanagement leading to the increased dispersal of kudzu in the state. Landowner’s concerns of mismanaged BMPs suggest a need for education and outreach, which may help prevent the future spread of kudzu.
      PubDate: 2021-10-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s11842-021-09492-7
       
  • Assessing Drivers of Forest Conservation in Simancuang Village Forest,
           West Sumatra

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      Abstract: Abstract This study empirically assessed Social Forestry program implementation in Simancuang Village Forest or locally known as Hutan Nagari (HN) Simancuang in West Sumatra, Indonesia. We performed two analyses using primary and secondary data, namely propensity score matching to estimate the effects of the enactment of HN Simancuang in 2012 on forest cover loss and ordinal logistic regression (OLR) to predict the determinants of conservation awareness. The results of the forest cover analysis showed that forest cover loss in HN Simancuang between 2012 and 2019 was 0.038 percentage point lower than the adjacent protection forest. The relatively small impact was meaningful because although HN Simancuang is located much closer to settlements which increases the pressure on the forest, it could still maintain lower tree cover losses than the adjacent protection forest. This result indicated a certain degree of conservation awareness among HN Simancuang members, which prompted us to conduct a survey to 111 individuals from different households. To do this, we used the Ecosystem Services framework to conceptualise conservation awareness in HN Simancuang. Our OLR results showed that regulating and provisioning services of forests are the strong determinants of conservation awareness among the individuals in our sample. Our study indicates the need to implement social forestry program monitoring and evaluation, improve access to facilitation, and enhance agroforestry practice as the means to increase conservation awareness among forest-dwelling communities.
      PubDate: 2021-10-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s11842-021-09489-2
       
  • Credit Rationing for Forestry Professional Cooperatives: Evidence from
           China’s Fujian Province

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      Abstract: Abstract Forestry professional cooperatives (FPCs) are crucial for improving the efficiency of small-scale forestry, realizing forestry modernization, and promoting the sustainable development of forestry in China. However, credit constraints restrict their development. Previous studies have examined the credit rationing issues faced by farmers and enterprises. Few researchers have investigated the financial constraints of FPCs. This paper discusses the current status of credit rationing of FPCs in China, and analyzes the influencing factors of credit rationing. Based on survey data collected in China’s Fujian Province, we found that the credit demand of most FPCs was not met, which was primarily due to the limited amount of loanable funds available. Our empirical results reveal that greater woodland area, product popularity, president's credit record, Forest Rights Guarantee and Storage Agency (FRGSA) are statistically significant factors in reducing the credit rationing of FPCs. We find that, conversely, development planning has the opposite effect. Based on our results, we propose some suggestions, such as ensuring the products have good sales channels, keeping a good credit record of the presidents and adopting forest right storage guarantees, which will help alleviate the credit constraints of FPCs.
      PubDate: 2021-09-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s11842-021-09490-9
       
 
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