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  Subjects -> AERONAUTICS AND SPACE FLIGHT (Total: 124 journals)
Showing 1 - 30 of 30 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 220)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 74)
Advances in Aerospace Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Space Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 295)
Aeronautical Journal, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Aerospace     Open Access   (Followers: 64)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 305)
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Aerospace technic and technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : Journal of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AIAA Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1002)
Air Medical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 139)
Artificial Satellites     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
ASTRA Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Astrodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Aviation     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Aviation in Focus - Journal of Aeronautical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Aviation Week     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 411)
Canadian Aeronautics and Space Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
CEAS Aeronautical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Chinese Journal of Aeronautics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Ciencia y Poder Aéreo     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Civil Aviation High Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 235)
Cosmic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Fatigue of Aircraft Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Frontiers in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Gyroscopy and Navigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 177)
IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 251)
IEEE Journal on Miniaturization for Air and Space Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 281)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
International Journal of Aeroacoustics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
International Journal of Aerodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 86)
International Journal of Aerospace Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Aerospace Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Aerospace Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
International Journal of Applied Geospatial Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Aviation Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Aviation Technology, Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Crashworthiness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Micro Air Vehicles     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Satellite Communications Policy and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Space Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Space Structures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Space Technology Management and Innovation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Sustainable Aviation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Investigación Pecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Aerodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Aeronautical Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66)
Journal of Aerospace Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Aerospace Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Aerospace Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Journal of Aerospace Technology and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Aircraft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 262)
Journal of Aircraft and Spacecraft Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Airline and Airport Management     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Astrobiology & Outreach     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 165)
Journal of KONBiN     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Navigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 176)
Journal of Propulsion and Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 569)
Journal of Space Safety Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 702)
Journal of Spatial Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the American Helicopter Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the Astronautical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Life Sciences in Space Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
MAD - Magazine of Aviation Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Mekanika : Jurnal Teknik Mesin i     Open Access  
Microgravity Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
New Space     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nonlinear Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
npj Microgravity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Aerospace Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Perspectives of Earth and Space Scientists i     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Population Space and Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Problemy Mechatroniki. Uzbrojenie, lotnictwo, inżynieria bezpieczeństwa / Problems of Mechatronics. Armament, Aviation, Safety Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Progress in Aerospace Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 82)
Propulsion and Power Research     Open Access   (Followers: 89)
REACH - Reviews in Human Space Exploration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Space Science & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
RocketSTEM     Free   (Followers: 5)
Russian Aeronautics (Iz VUZ)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Science and Education : Scientific Publication of BMSTU     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Space and Polity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Space Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Space Research Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Space Safety Magazine     Free   (Followers: 50)
Space Science International     Open Access   (Followers: 117)
Space Science Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 92)
SpaceNews     Free   (Followers: 779)
Spatial Information Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Transactions on Aerospace Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transport and Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Transportmetrica A : Transport Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Unmanned Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Xibei Gongye Daxue Xuebao / Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University     Open Access  
Вісник Національного Авіаційного Університету     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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Transactions on Aerospace Research
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0509-6669 - ISSN (Online) 2545-2835
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Threats to Aviation Safety Caused by Defects in Aircraft Airframe Systems

    • Abstract: Alongside the increase in air traffic and number of aircraft, the number of reported aviation events has also been increasing. We processed the data included in the European Coordination Centre for Aviation Incident reporting Systems (ECCAIRS), analyzing small and large aircraft reliability and the safety of their operations, covering events according to ICAO aviation occurrence categories. Airframe systems are the largest contributor to the total number of reported events which occurred in Polish registered aircraft in the years 2008–2020. A detailed study of airframe systems reliability was carried out in order to assess the real reason for the failures. Airframe systems faults were assigned to specific ATA chapters and then to each of their sections. The results of this analysis may support the decisions of supervisory authorities in the areas where security threats are most important. They can also help aircraft operators with identification of the airframe units which require special attention. Identification of significant parts due to the frequency of malfunctions of particular system components may support designers. In short, these results are valuable in terms of further developments in statistical tools facilitating New Product Introduction (NPI).
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to the Information Base for an
           Airline’s Flight Safety System

    • Abstract: This article presents a model and an algorithm for identifying, collecting, processing, analyzing and using data on risks at an airline (deviations from the standards in the activities of various airline units and personnel) to minimize them and thereby to achieve an acceptable level of flight safety. A methodology is also presented for formulating the composition of flight safety indicators, based on an expert approach, for the units and personnel of the airline, making decisions in this field in various areas of its activities. The model is based on the quality and flight safety systems that form part of an integrated management system at one of Latvia’s airlines. The system makes it possible to analyze safety aspects on the basis of actual information drawn from various sources into the airline’s information base, where it is collected, classified, stored and analyzed.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • A CFD Study of the Aerodynamic Characteristics of Twardowsky and FOK
           Rockets

    • Abstract: Stability and performance are crucial characteristics for aerospace vehicles. The ability to investigate the aerodynamics and performance of rockets gives an insight into their stability before flight and the potential for design and performance enhancements. For the past 13 years, the rocketry Division within the students’ space Association of Warsaw University of technology has been developing sounding rockets of different designs and mission profiles. Two rockets have been chosen for the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) campaigns, FOK and Twardowsky. This paper describes the mathematical model of aerodynamic loads used by the Division for sounding rocket simulation, followed by CFD campaigns for the two rockets. The results of the CFD analysis are then used to calculate the rockets’ aerodynamic derivatives according to a previously defined mathematical model.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Measuring Exposure to High-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields Experienced by
           a Helicopter Crew During Flight

    • Abstract: High-frequency electromagnetic fields (EMF) can have a negative effect on both the human body and electronic devices. Monitoring and measurement of the electromagnetic field generated by devices is important from the point of view of environmental protection, the human body and electromagnetic compatibility. In this study, we tested the value of the electromagnetic field strength determined by the NHT3DL by Microrad with measurement probes during flights in the Robinson R44 helicopter. The reference point for the results obtained were the normative limits of the electromagnetic field permitted to affect the crew and passengers during flight. The maximum RMS values recorded during the measurements were E = 4.399 V/m in the 100 kHz–6.5 GHz frequency band and for the magnetic component H = 2.829 A/m in the 300 kHz–30 MHz frequency band. These results were passed to the Statistica 13.3 software for a detailed stochastic analysis of the values tested.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Method of Designing a Distortion Gauze for Testing a Boundary Layer
           Ingesting Fan

    • Abstract: As global trends aim to reduce emissions of pollutants, boundary layer ingesting (BLI) propulsions are attracting more and more attention. As such, N+2 generation aircraft with propulsion placed in the aft of the aircraft are gaining in popularity. The boundary layer is formed on the fuselage before entering the engine located in the aft of the aircraft. Due to significant difficulties in performing experimental tests of BLI propulsors with full-size aircraft, distortion gauzes are one of the methods to provide the desired air velocity profile at the inlet. This paper describes a novel method of designing such gauzes, a topic which is not well covered in the existing literature. In the first stage of the presented method, single orifices of different sizes were calculated using CFD tools. The relationship between their size and the gauze resistance coefficient was identified, making it possible to model the distortion gauze using porous media. An iterative approach was used to design a gauze that meets the requirements. This is, to our knowledge, the first distortion gauze design description where a porous media model has been used. Experimental tests demonstrated that the produced distortion gauze yields a velocity profile comparable to the desired one. This indicates the great potential of using the presented approach in further research on boundary layer ingesting propulsions. It offers an opportunity to reduce substantially both the costs of experimental research and the time required to design a distortion-tolerant fan.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Solving a Certain Two-Alternative Problem in the Optimal Organization of
           Aviation Transportation in Conditions of Uncertainty

    • Abstract: This paper proposes a solution to a certain two-alternative problem of aviation transportation optimal organization in conditions of uncertainty of the subjective preference functions. Conditional optimization of the objective functional containing the entropy of the individuals’ operational effectiveness functions preferences is carried out in the framework of the simplest variational problem. The advantages of the described optimization approach are demonstrated in the generalized terms of the operational effectiveness functions for aviation transportation organization.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • A Comparative Structural Analysis of Four Radiosonde Models

    • Abstract: In this study, we first performed a comprehensive structural analysis of four models of radiosondes (devices intended for use as the meteorological probe of a sounding balloon) manufactured by three different companies – Graw, Vaisala and Meteomodem. The radiosondes were disassembled for visual inspection and manual measurement, three-dimensional computed tomography images were taken of their inner structure, and the outer shapes of the radiosondes were scanned with a structured-light three-dimensional scanner. The structural properties of the radiosondes thus identified were then compared to one other, based on which the Meteomodem M10 was ranked as the least harmful in a potential collision. Next, the Meteomodem M10 radiosonde was used in collision tests with a heavy target and with a pumpkin model, in order to evaluate the possible damage caused by and to the radiosonde in different types of collisions.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Determining the Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Propeller-Driven Anti-UAV
           Fighter While Designing Air Propellers

    • Abstract: Given the rising importance of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), this article addresses the urgent scientific problem of determining the aerodynamic characteristics of a UAV while laying out the propellers for the wings. We discuss the methodology for experimental wind-tunnel studies of aircraft configurations with propellers. It is shown that a characteristic feature of the configuration small-elongation wing with propellers is the absence of elements that are not affected by propellers. This feature makes it difficult to implement and automate a wind tunnel experiment, since there are problems with providing similar criteria for a working propeller; it is difficult to achieve perfect balancing for solid drive propellers, which causes vibration, the level of which depends on uncontrolled factors; the inability to neglect the presence of the body elements influence to the blades of propellers; the difficulty of direct measuring propeller thrust and torque. The presented methodology involves the integrated usage of experimental and numerical methods to eliminate the difficulties in conducting physical experiments in a wind tunnel. This approach makes it possible to combine the high credibility of experimental data in the study of the physical essence of phenomena with high efficiency and accuracy in determining aerodynamic characteristics by numerical methods. Using this approach, we established dependences of the aerodynamic characteristics of the small-elongation wing configuration with counter-rotating propellers on the geometric and kinematic parameters of the configuration for other extensions and constrictions of the wings. These data can serve as the basis for the development of recommendations for the selection of sensible geometric parameters of the aerodynamic configuration of a small-elongation wing with counter-rotating propellers.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Numerical Simulation of the Deflagration to Detonation Transition in a
           Tube with Repeated Obstacles: Experimental Scale Simulation Using the
           Artificial Thickened Flame Method

    • Abstract: The Artificial Thickened Flame (ATF) method, which involves artificially increasing the flame thickness so as to simulate with a coarse grid resolution, is applied to reduce the computational cost of predicting the Deflagration to Detonation Transition (DDT) in a tube with repeated obstacles. While simulation results depended on the parameter N (the number of grid points in laminar flame thickness), it was found that N values of more than 10 may be excessive. The results show that the chosen simulation method predicts the flame speed as compared to a reference experiment and captures the detail of the strong ignitions near the corner between the obstacle and the sidewall. The present simulation also captures the wrinkle flame front structure during the acceleration of flame.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Prospects for the Implementation of New Materials and Technologies in the
           Aerospace Industry

    • Abstract: This article considers the main materials used to make aircraft, both fuselage and engines. First, the problems that force developers to introduce new materials in aircraft production are identified. We then present features of the introduction of heat-resistant titanium alloys, ways of improving the mechanical properties of parts made of titanium alloys, and methods of manufacturing complex details. Other promising materials for the aviation industry, such as high-entropy alloys, quasicrystals, carbon-carbon materials, and nickel foam, are also considered.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • The KhAI-90 Light Civil Turboprop Airplane Pilot Project

    • Abstract: The pilot project of new light civil turboprop aircraft, called the KhAI-90, featuring a cruising speed of 350km/h, payload of 600 kg at 500 km range, and equipped with two turboprop Rolls-Royce 250-B17F engines each with power of 420 hp (alternatively, two AI-450C engines each with power of 450 hp may be installed) is presented herein. Based on the developed technical task, the concept for creating the KhAI-90 new competitive light civil aircraft, and the analysis of prototypes’ aircraft parameters and characteristics, the main tactical and technical requirements are assigned. The take-off weight of the new aircraft is determined in three approximations at the preliminary design stage of light civil turboprop aircraft, using the iterative software “CLA-TOW”, studying the influence of the wing geometric parameters and lift devices on aerodynamic performance, the power-to-weight ratio and the airplane weight parameters. The following parameters are calculated for the design: minimum take-off weight WTO min = 3,600 kg, optimal wing loading p0 opt = 130 daN/m2, optimal aspect ratio 9.6, taper ratio 2.25, sweep angle at leading edge 3 degrees, airfoil relative thickness 10.6%. A general view and three-dimensional parametric models of the master-geometry and passenger cabin space distribution are constructed for the KhAI-90 by means of the SIEMENS NX computer integrated system. More broadly, this pilot project has also demonstrated the viability of the method we developed and previously reported for determining light civil turboprop airplane parameters.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Using Heinrich’s (Bird’s) Pyramid of Adverse Events to Assess the
           Level of Safety in an Airline

    • Abstract: One of the key concepts in matters of flight safety is that of special (abnormal) situations, with airworthiness regulation and certification of aviation equipment being based on this concept. At the same time, one is forced to admit that today there is no explicit interpretation of the standardized traits of special situations, nor are they not fully elucidated in the scientific literature. In this article we propose a pyramid-based approach to interpreting special (abnormal) in-flight situations, which allows for risk assessment not using risk matrices, but instead relying only on the probabilistic characteristics of the occurrence of events. Using the presence of a causal relationship between the layers of the pyramid, we propose an algorithm for the transition of varying degrees of danger of special situations. This algorithm can be used to develop an on-board device that informs the pilot about the dynamics of transitions from one situation to another, representing each emergency situation in a certain color.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Enhanced Feature Extraction Algorithms Using Oscillatory-Mode Pulsed Eddy
           Current Techniques for Aircraft Structure Inspection

    • Abstract: A review of the existing literature shows that modern pulsed eddy current (PEC) technique for flaw detection in aircraft structure inspection is typically carried out in aperiodic mode. Аt the same time, the unstable characteristic points of the EC signal usually used as informative parameters can restrict the potential of this excitation mode due to significant measurement errors.This article considers an advanced PEC method of NDT based on the oscillatory mode. To obtain the conditions concerned with different modes of EC probe response oscillations, an equivalent scheme of the “testing object – EC probe” system was developed and analyzed. The frequency and attenuation coefficient of natural oscillations are proposed as the informative parameters of the probe signals. The obtained mathematical model of the probe signals allows for the dependence of proposed signal parameters on the characteristics of the testing object to be evaluated.Herein, we first develop algorithmic software for determining and analyzing the discrete amplitude and phase characteristics of PEC NDT signals based on the simulation results. The errors of the natural frequency oscillations and the attenuation coefficient determination as well as the optimal time for its determination are analyzed in order to minimize the possible errors. Next, the proposed informative parameters are experimentally investigated using a set of specimens. The obtained results confirm the possibility of the proposed methodology to enhance the inspection procedures related to the electrical conductivity and geometric parameters measurements as well as the detected defect sizing.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Numerical Simulation of the Exit Temperature Pattern of an Aircraft Engine
           Using a Temperature-Dependent Turbulent Schmidt Number

    • Abstract: This paper presents a numerical simulation for predicting the combustor exit temperature pattern of an aircraft engine, developed using the commercial fluid simulation software Ansys Fluent, which assumes a shape probability density function for the instantaneous chemistry in the conserved scalar combustion model and the standard k-ε model for turbulence. We found the compliance of the radial and circumferential non-uniformities of the exit temperature with the experimental data to be insufficient. To achieve much more accurate result, the mixing intensity was enhanced with respect to the initial calculation due to using the reduced value of the turbulent Schmidt number Sc. Numerical simulation was performed for values of the turbulent Schmidt number from Sc = 0.85 (default) up to Sc = 0.2, with results confirming the reduction of radial and circumferential non-uniformities of exit temperature. However, correlation between radial and circumferential non-uniformities is not admissible for these cases. Therefore, we propose to use a temperature-dependent formulation of the turbulent Schmidt number Sc, accounting for the increase in Sc number with increasing gas temperature. A user defined function (UDF) was used to implement the Sc number temperature dependence in Ansys Fluent. The numerical results for the proposed Schmidt number Sc temperature dependence were found to be in acceptable agreement with the experimental data both for radial and circumferential non-uniformities of the exit temperature pattern.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • A Two-Point Approximation Approach to Determining Aircraft Aerodynamic
           Force Coefficients for a Maximal-Duration Horizontal Flight

    • Abstract: This paper proposes a two-point approximation approach to determining aircraft aerodynamic force coefficients, and compares it to the traditional methods. A variational concept is used to conduct aircraft flight trials for the maximal duration of quasi-horizontal flights. The advantages of the described optimization theories are demonstrated, in terms of aviation fuel gas savings. The results of a numerical example are presented.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • A Mathematical Model for Controlling a Quadrotor UAV

    • Abstract: Given the recent surge in interest in UAVs and their potential applications, a great deal of work has lately been done in the field of UAV control. However, UAVs belong to a class of nonlinear systems that are inherently difficult to control. In this study we devised a mathematical model for a PID (proportional integral derivative) control system, designed to control a quadrotor UAV so that it follows a predefined trajectory. After first describing quadrotor flight dynamics, we present the control model adopted in our system (developed in MATLAB Simulink). We then present simulated results for the use of the control system to move a quadrotor UAV to desired locations and along desired trajectories. Positive results of these simulation support the conclusion that a quadrotor UAV spatial orientation control system based on this model will successfully fulfil its task also in real conditions.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Impact of Load Retention on Aircraft Engine Parts Under Real Flight Cycle
           Conditions in Service Life Monitoring

    • Abstract: One of the major problems in the development of algorithms for monitoring the life of aircraft gas turbine engines is that the character of loading in real flight cycles is crucially different from the character of the static and dynamic loading during the testing of samples. This paper proposes a method for taking into account the effect of retentions at maximum stresses and cycle temperatures on the low-cycle fatigue (LCF) of the heat-resistant alloys used in engine parts. Regularities in repeated-static loading (RSL) are used in combination with the method of linear accumulation of damage due to the LCF and RSL, with retentions of a variable length. A non-linear equation is derived for the summation of these damages, the solution of which determines the durability (life) of the part while taking into account the retention duration. The theoretical results were verified by using the experimental characteristics of the GS-6K and EI-437B nickel-based alloys, previously reported by other researchers.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Numerical Investigation of Detonation Propagation Through Small Orifice
           Holes

    • Abstract: Seeking to better understand the physical phenomena underlying detonation wave propagation through small holes (especially the phenomenon of detonation re-initiation or its failure), we investigated the propagation of a detonation wave along a tube filled with a hydrogen-oxygen mixture diluted with argon, in the presence of obstacles with a small orifice hole. Numerical simulations were performed in a two-dimensional domain using adaptive mesh refinement and by solving compressible Euler equations for multiple thermally perfect species with a reactive source term. A premixed mixture of H2:O2:Ar at a ratio 2:1:7 at 10.0 kPa and 298 K was used in a 90 mm diameter tube with a detonation wave travelling from one end. We found that a single orifice placed at 200 mm from one end of the tube, with varying diameters of 6, 10, 14, 16, 18, 30, and 50 mm, showed an initial decoupling of the detonation wave into a shockwave and flame front. The detonation wave fails to propagate along the tube for orifice diameters less than λ, while it propagates by different re-initiation pathways for orifice diameters greater than λ, where λ is the cell-width for regular detonation propagation.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Using Adverse Event Pyramids to Assess Probabilities in Airline Safety
           Management

    • Abstract: This article reviews the methods of safety management using Heinrich’s and Bird’s pyramids. The presence of a causal relationship between pyramid levels, as a result of inconsistencies in the activities of an organization and personnel, lead to incidents, and incidents in turn lead to accidents. The existence of such a relationship makes it possible to predict the risk of “top-level” events by reducing risks at the middle and lower levels. A mathematical description of the development process of an undesired aviation event is presented, which makes it possible to evaluate the probability of the successful (or unsuccessful) completion of a transportation task. Also given is an analysis of the development of an aviation accident, based on the example of the crash of a Lufthansa A-320 aircraft on 14 September 1993 at the airport of Warsaw (Poland) while landing in adverse weather conditions.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • An Alternative Ballistic Limit Equation for the Whipple Shield in the
           Shatter Regime, Based on Characteristics of the Large Central Fragment

    • Abstract: In the shatter regime of a Whipple shield, a large central fragment makes a significant contribution to the damage-causing capacity of the debris cloud. Herein we present a feasible scheme for the identification and measurement of this large central fragment and propose an alternative approach to the ballistic limit equation (BLE) for the Whipple shield, deducing an alternative ballistic limit in the shatter regime based on the large central fragment’s characteristics. This alternative BLE is compared with the phenomenological Whipple BLE, the JSC Whipple BLE and the Ryan curve. Our alternative BLE, modified at the incipient fragmentation and completed fragmentation point, is shown to agree well with experimental results.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
 
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