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  Subjects -> AERONAUTICS AND SPACE FLIGHT (Total: 120 journals)
Showing 1 - 30 of 30 Journals sorted by number of followers
AIAA Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1189)
SpaceNews     Free   (Followers: 826)
Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 771)
Journal of Propulsion and Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 610)
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 494)
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 457)
Aviation Week     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 437)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 427)
IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 383)
Journal of Aircraft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 335)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 313)
IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 279)
Journal of Navigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 277)
Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 261)
Gyroscopy and Navigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 258)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 204)
Space Science International     Open Access   (Followers: 199)
Space Science Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 97)
International Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 82)
Progress in Aerospace Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 80)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 69)
Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
Propulsion and Power Research     Open Access   (Followers: 68)
Aerospace     Open Access   (Followers: 60)
Space Safety Magazine     Free   (Followers: 51)
Space Research Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
International Journal of Aeroacoustics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
International Journal of Aerodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Canadian Aeronautics and Space Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Aerospace Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
International Journal of Aerospace Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Space Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
CEAS Aeronautical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Russian Aeronautics (Iz VUZ)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Artificial Satellites     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Aerospace Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Aerospace Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Annual of Navigation     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Chinese Journal of Aeronautics     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Nonlinear Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Aerospace Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Aerodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Aerospace Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Aviation     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Space Structures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Space Science & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Fatigue of Aircraft Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Satellite Communications Policy and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Elsevier Astrodynamics Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Aeronautical Journal, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Crashworthiness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Airline and Airport Management     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Micro Air Vehicles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Space Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Air Force Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
COSPAR Colloquia Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Space Technology Management and Innovation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aviation in Focus - Journal of Aeronautical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Aircraft and Spacecraft Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Population Space and Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Aeronautical Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Aviation Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Transportmetrica A : Transport Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the Astronautical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Aerospace Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Air Medical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Space Safety Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Aviation Technology, Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the American Helicopter Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Aerospace Technology and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Applied Geospatial Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
New Space     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Turbo and Jet-Engines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
RocketSTEM     Free   (Followers: 6)
Civil Aviation High Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
REACH - Reviews in Human Space Exploration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Sustainable Aviation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Aviation Advances & Maintenance     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cosmic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Unmanned Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Space and Polity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Life Sciences in Space Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : Journal of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Astrodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Investigación Pecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aerospace technic and technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Spatial Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ASTRA Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of KONBiN     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Problemy Mechatroniki. Uzbrojenie, lotnictwo, inżynieria bezpieczeństwa / Problems of Mechatronics. Armament, Aviation, Safety Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
npj Microgravity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Astrobiology & Outreach     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Journal on Miniaturization for Air and Space Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Microgravity Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Вісник Національного Авіаційного Університету     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Poder Aéreo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
MAD - Magazine of Aviation Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Aerospace Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Technical Soaring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Spatial Information Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mekanika : Jurnal Teknik Mesin i     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives of Earth and Space Scientists i     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.174
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2374-6793
Published by Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Pilot Visual Detection of Small Unmanned Aircraft on Final Approach during
           Nighttime Conditions

    • Authors: Jon M. Loffi et al.
      Abstract: In December 2020, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) announced the release of a new final rule, permitting operators of small unmanned aircraft systems (sUAS) to perform routine night operations. Public comments to the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking indicated potential safety concerns regarding a pilot’s ability to spot a low-altitude sUAS during nighttime conditions. Leveraging data from the FAA’s UAS Sighting Report Database, the research team evaluated the significance of aircraft encounters with UAS at night. Researchers conducted an inflight experiment in which 10 pilots performed an instrument approach to airport during nighttime conditions in which a multi-rotor sUAS presented a potential collision hazard. The sUAS was equipped with lighting visible for 3 miles with a sufficient flash rate to avoid a collision, as specified by the new regulation. Participants performed five approaches, with the sUAS flying different scripted encounter profiles. Participants were asked to indicate when they visually spotted the sUAS, with sighting data recorded via an onboard observer. Geolocation information from both the aircraft and sUAS were compared at the time of each reported sighting to assess visibility distance and orientation. The sUAS was successfully spotted during 30 percent (n = 12) of the testing passes. Hovering sUAS were spotted at the same rate as moving sUAS, however, sUAS in motion were spotted at a much greater range. Researchers noted disproportionately higher spotting rates occurred when the sUAS was oriented on the starboard side of the aircraft vs. the port side. It is believed that airport lighting systems may have obscured or otherwise camouflaged portside sUAS encounters. When asked to estimate distance to an encountered sUAS, most participants underestimated, perceiving the sUAS to be much closer than reality. Additionally, the researchers assessed the potential for the participants to initiate evasive maneuvers, based on the distance and closure rate of the aircraft and sUAS at the time of sighting. Based on the FAA’s Aircraft Identification and Reaction Time Chart, collision avoidance would only have been successful during 15 percent of encounters (n = 6). The research team recommends Remote Pilots employ vigilant traffic awareness during nighttime operations, and leverage use of ADS-B (In) technology and monitor Common Traffic Advisory Frequencies to maintain situational awareness—particularly when operating in proximity to airports.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 Mar 2021 09:40:54 PST
       
  • AERODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF CO-FLOW JET AIRFOIL

    • Authors: C M Vigneswaran et al.
      Abstract: The work in this paper aims to increase the maximum lift coefficient of the airfoil by implementing the co-flow jet concept on NACA 0018 airfoil and also to investigate the performance of co-flow jet (CFJ) airfoil. To conduct numerical solution, RANS equations have been solved for 2D incompressible and unsteady flow using the Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model. The suction surface of the airfoil is modified by placing the injection slot near the leading edge and the suction slot near the trailing edge. A small mass of air is withdrawn into the airfoil suction slot, pressurized by a pumping system located inside the airfoil, and re-injecting into the injection slot tangentially to the main stream flow. The CFJ airfoil is enhancing the aerodynamic lift coefficient significantly compare to the baseline airfoil. And also, the numerical analysis is carried out to investigate the effect of the location of injection and suction slot. And it is observed that the aerodynamic lift coefficient of CFJ airfoil is increasing with varying the injection slot away from the leading edge.
      PubDate: Mon, 08 Mar 2021 19:14:56 PST
       
  • Support to Design for Air Traffic Management: An Approach with Agent-Based
           Modelling and Evolutionary Search

    • Authors: Gabriella Gigante et al.
      Abstract: This paper presents a methodology to manage the support to design in ATM operations. We propose a workflow for the design of ATM solutions in a performance-based setting. The methodology includes the evaluation of the impact on human behaviour and exploits a combination of different paradigms, such as Agent-Based Modelling and Simulation, and Agent-Based Evolutionary Search. We prove the soundness of the methodology by carrying out a real case study, which is the transition from Direct Routing to Free Routing in the Italian airspace. The validation results exhibit limited errors for the assessment of the performance metrics under evaluation. Furthermore, the optimization of sector collapsing/decollapsing configuration is discussed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the implemented engines.
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Mar 2021 14:49:26 PST
       
  • Quantum Safety Metrics Framework for Commercial Unmanned Aircraft
           Operators

    • Authors: Tracy L. Lamb et al.
      Abstract: Commercial unmanned aircraft systems continue to increase in applications and diversity; however, mishaps and accidents erode safety, investment return, and efficiency. Most unmanned aircraft accidents are preceded by leading indicators; the ability to forecast and quantify these may provide increased safety and profitability. This mixed-method research study used a non-experimental parallel convergence approach with multiple instruments, multiple-case study n = 22, and one exemplar case design to develop a quantum safety metric program. This study used a combination of previously validated methods as development instruments, including; the HFACS, STAMP, 'Sierra Scale,' and Accident Prevention Effort equations. The study extended the Accident Prevention Effort and Sierra Scale equation to determine quantum safety metrics at the time of an accident, and enable benchmark accident prevention values. This new quantum safety metrics program for small commercial unmanned aircraft operators may be replicated and applied to specific types of operating environments, for predictive and optimal safety performance.
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Feb 2021 07:28:59 PST
       
  • Comparative Study on the Prediction of Aerodynamic Characteristics of Mini
           - Unmanned Aerial Vehicle with Turbulence Models

    • Authors: Somashekar V et al.
      Abstract: When dealing with CFD simulations the turbulent nature is seen on most of the engineering flows and these flows need to be solved. Reliable and applicable CFD outputs can be obtained from the accurate modelling of the turbulence as it is one of the most vital elements of CFD modelling. The RANS equations are extensively employed to analyse the complex flows over aircraft and for this purpose, a turbulence model is needed for turbulent flow analyses. Compatible turbulence must be chosen for the exact predictions of aircraft aerodynamic characteristics. In this report, numerical analyses of Mini-UAV are done to compare the outputs of different types of turbulence models for the prediction of aircraft aerodynamic characteristics for various flight conditions i.e., -4° to 40° at Mach number 0.04. ANSYS software is employed for this aerodynamic analysis. The six turbulence models compared are the Spalart-Allmaras, k-ɛ standard, k-ɛ RNG, k-ɛ Realizable, k-ω standard, and k-ω SST model. The impact of several turbulence models on the Mini-UAV aerodynamic performance is also studied numerically and validated with existing experimental data from reliable sources. The lift and drag coefficients for both numerical and experimental results exhibit an excellent correlation at Mach number 0.04. The recorded maximum variation of the coefficient of lift and the lift-to-drag ratio is determined to be 9.43% at a stall angle of attack (38°) and 7.01% at a 4˚ angle of attack among the six various turbulence models. The summation of deviation of coefficients of lift and drag values i.e., 0.0166 for the Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model is found to be less compared with all the other turbulence models so it can be said that the Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model is the best fit in terms of coefficients of lift and drag for Mini-UAV applications for subsonic flow.
      PubDate: Sun, 14 Feb 2021 10:53:54 PST
       
  • A Model for Inhalation of Infectious Aerosol Contaminants in an Aircraft
           Passenger Cabin

    • Authors: Bert A. Silich
      Abstract: Aerosol contamination of an aircraft cabin by infectious passengers is a concern of passengers, aircrew and the aviation industry. This may be especially important during a pandemic, such as COVID-19, where the full extent of aerosol transmission is not well understood. A statistical method to determine the number of infectious passengers on board along with a mathematical model estimating the contaminant concentration of aerosols in the cabin and the number of inhaled infectious particles by passengers is presented. An example is used to demonstrated how the results can be estimated during normal operations and emergency conditions with malfunctions of the air conditioning and pressurization system which are responsible maintaining clean cabin air. This type of information can assist the aviation industry in providing the end users of aircraft travel, i.e. passengers and aircrew, with reasonable cabin contaminant guidelines. Accomplishing this in a timely manner requires the combination of modeling adjusted by experimentation. Physically testing all aircraft for each of these conditions would be time consuming, expensive and impractical. Incorporating a model towards solving these problems can serve to bridge the gaps between a finite number of experimental results.
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Feb 2021 07:24:39 PST
       
  • Emotional Intelligence and Safety Citizenship among Army aviators

    • Authors: Zachary T. Dugger et al.
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the relationship between trait emotional intelligence and safety citizenship among United States Army aviators. The study includes analysis of survey responses from 29 individual aviators. Regression analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between safety citizenship, emotional intelligence, and 15 emotional intelligence facets. Results indicate a significant association (F(1,28) = 15.45; p = 0.001) between safety citizenship and emotional intelligence, and between safety citizenship and 3 emotional intelligence facets: Adaptability (F(1,25) = 23.91; p < 0.001), Self Esteem (F(1,25) = 10.75; p = 0.003), and Optimism (F(1,25) = 8.71; p = 0.007). Increased Adaptability and Self Esteem can increase safety citizenship behaviors among aviators. Training and selection of Army aviators with these traits could result in safer air travel and possibly reduced human factor-related aviation incidents.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Jan 2021 14:33:15 PST
       
  • The Determination of the Factors Affecting Air Transportation Passenger
           Numbers

    • Authors: Tüzün Tolga İNAN Asst. Prof. Dr. et al.
      Abstract: So long as human beings are required to go between places, the civil aviation industry will always exist. In this study, a country-based examination has been applied to air passenger numbers. 50 countries are selected according to the highest rating of air transportation passenger numbers, gross domestic product (GDP), total population, and human development index (HDI) data. 28 of these countries are included in the analysis which is common in at least three of these rankings. The relationship between the four parameters is examined via correlation analysis. Thereafter, the related parameters were taken as independent variables in multiple linear regression analyses to determine the factors affecting passenger numbers. The results show that GDP and HDI plays a significant role in passenger numbers. Based on these significant relationships, dimension reduction is done by explanatory factor analysis mapping countries clearly. Exploring the similarities of countries, multidimensional scaling (MDS) is used. The best countries using passenger transportation are found as the United States, the United Kingdom, Brazil, and Turkey via MDS configuration. Except for the United States, the reason these countries are found as the best according to passenger transportation is related to their geographical location which is not stated with the numbers.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Jan 2021 11:44:28 PST
       
  • Remote Pilot Situational Awareness with Augmented Reality Glasses: An
           Observational Field Study

    • Authors: Jeffery Coleman et al.
      Abstract: With the use of small unmanned aerial systems (sUAS) proliferating throughout industry and public safety, it is imperative to ensure safety of flight. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) published regulations for commercial use of sUAS in 2016 and included the requirement to maintain visual line-of-sight with the aircraft at all times. However, due to the nature of the sUAS ground control stations (GCS), remote pilots time-share between observing the aircraft and interacting with the display on the GCS. Time-sharing between the aircraft and GCS can be seen as similar to the cross-check a pilot uses when flying a manned aircraft. While manned aircraft designers have invested in the ergonomics and understanding of the cognitive process to optimize situational awareness, it has not been a design requirement for sUAS. The result is that the unmanned operator must change head orientation, eye focus, and remove the aircraft from peripheral vision during the cross-check between the GCS and aircraft. This, coupled with the limited field of view of the sUAS GCS displayed camera, leads to loss of situational awareness through task saturation, and misprioritization. Mixed reality, virtual reality, and augmented reality visual devices are being adopted in the gaming and technical world. The application of these devices to the sUAS GCS could mitigate some of the degradation of situational awareness. Specifically, the incorporation of augmented reality devices where a synthetic display is overlaid on the real-world, allows the remote pilot to observe the aircraft, manipulate the camera, and interact with the GCS without changing head position. This participant observational study evaluated the difference between the remote pilot cross-check while flying with a typical GCS display and when flying with an augmented reality headset in a field setting. The results indicate a significant difference between the pilot’s crosscheck when using augmented reality glasses allowing the pilot to maintain the aircraft in their field of view 56.7% of the time compared to 20.5% when not using the glasses.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 08:29:44 PST
       
  • Methodology for Convergence of the Training Program with the Professional
           Activities of Aviation Specialists

    • Authors: Zair Ziyaevich Shamsiev
      Abstract: The method of developing curricula for training aviation specialists for civil aviation of the Republic of Uzbekistan is analyzed. It is substantiated that it does not sufficiently take into account the labor market requirements for the composition and content of academic disciplines. An overview of foreign experience in bridging the gap between educational programs and the workplace is given. A method based on a statistical analysis of civil aviation regulations is recommended.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Jan 2021 09:49:57 PST
       
  • Folding Methodology for Flexible Aircraft Interiors

    • Authors: Aditya Venkatesh et al.
      Abstract: This paper establishes a general furniture folding methodology that is aimed at flexible aircraft cabin interiors. This methodology will allow users to modify existing furniture pieces to their liking and thereby customizing their overall travel experience. The folding methodology also includes a process to quantify the transformation of the furniture pieces. This paper also introduces two design concepts called Open-on-Demand and Reconfiguration to allow passengers to modify an otherwise rigid cabin. The advantages of the multi-functional space saving furniture pieces are also illustrated in this paper. While the general folding methodology was developed for aircraft interiors, it can be adapted for any furniture piece positioned within any environment.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Jan 2021 09:49:45 PST
       
  • The Detrimental Effect of Rainfall on Performance and Stability
           Characteristics of Aircrafts-A Comprehensive Review

    • Authors: Praneeth HR Mr et al.
      Abstract: The rapidly growing global market demands faster transit of human beings and goods even in unfavorable weather conditions of rainfall. The paper gives an overview of rain research methodologies, mathematical models to track raindrops in the flow field. The paper depicts the havoc rainfall causes on performance characteristics for various phases of flight in terms of evaluation of CL and CD and dynamic performance parameters such as short period mode. The knowledge obtained by this review paper could help designers to modify the design of aircraft such that it has better performance, stability, and control characteristics for all weather conditions.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Dec 2020 07:45:46 PST
       
  • Active fault-tolerance of the unmanned aerial vehicle automatic control
           systems

    • Authors: Vuong Anh Trung et al.
      Abstract: This paper presents an introductory overview of principles of the three-layer hierarchy of active fault-tolerance, providing, determination of the fault type with as many details as enough to get recoverable fault reason and failure toleration by flexible redundancy using; the conception of active fault-tolerant control in abnormal modes is described. Developed models and methods of a systematic approach to fault tolerance in the direction of the effective use of the signal, parametric and structural redundancies and selection of parrying tools. Performed experimental researches of the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) automatic control systems (ACS).
      PubDate: Sun, 29 Nov 2020 20:05:23 PST
       
  • Real-Time Urban Weather Observations for Urban Air Mobility

    • Authors: Kevin A. Adkins et al.
      Abstract: Cities of the future will have to overcome congestion, air pollution and increasing infrastructure cost while moving more people and goods smoothly, efficiently and in an eco-friendly manner. Urban air mobility (UAM) is expected to be an integral component of achieving this new type of city. This is a new environment for sustained aviation operations. The heterogeneity of the urban fabric and the roughness elements within it create a unique environment where flight conditions can change frequently across very short distances. UAM vehicles with their lower mass, more limited thrust and slower speeds are especially sensitive to these conditions. Since traditional aviation weather products for observations and forecasts at an airport on the outskirts of a metropolitan area do not translate well to the urban environment, weather data for low-altitude urban airspace is needed and will be particularly critical for unlocking the full potential of UAM. To help address this need, crowdsourced weather data from sources prevalent in urban areas offer the opportunity to create dense meteorological observation networks in support of UAM. This paper considers a variety of potential observational sources and proposes a cyber-physical system architecture, including an incentive-based crowdsensing application, which empowers UAM weather forecasting and operations.
      PubDate: Sat, 28 Nov 2020 09:25:00 PST
       
  • Flight Surgeons, Aerospace Medicine And NATO Aeromedical Doctrine: Where
           Is The Alliance For Flight Safety'

    • Authors: Jacopo Frassini et al.
      Abstract: Where are flight surgeons heading to in NATO' How does the aeromedical community contribute to flight safety in allied air and space operations' What are the standards expected to deliver best practices in aerospace medicine' How can opportunities be translated in improvement' This paper describes the overall responsibilities, roles and functions of flight surgeons in the Alliance for the benefit of medical providers, policy makers, decision makers, planners and other stakeholders, wishing an easy overview of NATO aeromedical doctrine and a comprehensive reading of the core concepts otherwise fragmented in different Allied Publications.
      PubDate: Sat, 21 Nov 2020 09:18:45 PST
       
  • Prediction of Gate In Time of Scheduled Flights and Schedule Conformance
           using Machine Learning-based Algorithms

    • Authors: DEEPUDEV SAHADEVAN et al.
      Abstract: Prediction of Gate to Gate block time for scheduled flights is considered as one of the challenging tasks in Air Traffic Flow Management (ATFM)system. Establishing an effective and practically reliable model to manage the problem of block time variation is a significant work. The airlines do tend to pad or inflate block time to Actual Block time to calculate Schedule block times which is approved by aviation regulator. This will lead to flaws in air traffic flow strategic decision-making and in turn affect the efficiency, estimation and undesirable delays, which leads to traffic congestion and inefficient ground delay programs. This study evaluates the effectiveness of nonlinear and time varying regression models to predict block time with minimal attributes in order to solve the problem of difficulty in predicting the block time variation. The key research outcome of this paper is to trace the temporal variations of flying time for different aircraft types and to predict the variation of actual arrival time from the scheduled arrival time at the destination airport. Ultimately, a combination of M5P regression model and logistic regression model is proposed to predict early, delayed and on-time conformity with approved schedules. Analysis based on a realistic data set of a domestic airport pair (Mumbai International Airport and New Delhi International Airport) in India shows that the proposed model is able to predict in block time at the time of departure with an accuracy of minutes for of test instances. As a result of the scheduled arrival time performance (early, delayed and timely) has been classified accurately using Logistic regression Classifier of machine learning. The test results show that the proposed model uses a minimum number of attributes and less computational time to more accurately predict the actual arrival time and scheduled arrival performance without details on the weather.
      PubDate: Wed, 18 Nov 2020 13:14:42 PST
       
  • Experimental Evaluation of Strength Degradation Temperature for Carbon
           Epoxy Filament Wound Composite

    • Authors: Jai Krishna Mishra Mr et al.
      Abstract: Polymeric composites have been widely used in various structural and thermal aerospace applications. Polymeric composites having high strength and high modulus reinforcement are ideally suited for lot of critical aerospace applications as structure is designed with high specific strength and high specific modulus. In case of launch vehicles/ missile one such application is design and manufacturing of solid rocket motor casing with polymeric composites as it give high performance and reduces inert weight of propulsion system. The high specific strength and high specific modulus of composite materials makes it ideal choice for designing the composite rocket motor case (CRMC). These are manufactured with filament winding process. As per ASTM D 2290 test method, the apparent tensile strength can be evaluated by preparing ring specimens from filament wound shell which simulates the hoop winding and cylindrical geometry of composite motor case. During flight in trajectory, the temperature on external surface of rocket motor will rise due to kinetic heating as result of aerodynamic drag. The mechanical properties of FRP composites degrades beyond certain temperature, depending primarily upon resin system and its glass transition temperature (Tg). In present work, the method of ring fabrication using filament winding is used to prepare test samples to experimentally test and evaluate apparent tensile strength with temperature of Carbon Epoxy composite. The tensile test at ambient is also done on specimens made from carbon Epoxy laminate using filament winding technique and are compared with ring test results.. The Glass Transition temperature (Tg) for Carbon Epoxy is also determined with Dry Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) technique
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Nov 2020 13:50:48 PST
       
  • Simulation Analysis of the Effects of Performance-Based Navigation on Fuel
           and Block Time Efficiency

    • Authors: Shlok Misra
      Abstract: The commercial aviation industry has been grown steadily in the past decade in terms of the number of flights operated and passengers traveled. The Federal Aviation Administration has introduced several technologies and initiatives under the NextGen Program. Performance-Based Navigation (PBN) is one such technology that is aimed at improving the efficiency of the National Airspace System which will improve system capacity and reduce delays. The airlines operate with restrained resources and investments into reducing fuel costs and flight times will directly or indirectly impact profit margins. PBN procedures and routes can help airlines reduce block times as flights will be able to fly more direct routes and utilize more efficient procedures in the terminal airspace. The study is aimed at analyzing the effect of PBN on fuel and block time efficiency for a flight. The study utilized a quantitative research method and utilized simulations of 20 flights on 10 different city-pairs. The 10 city-pairs were selected to sample routes of different distances. 10 flights were simulated utilizing the lowest form of PBN capability and without Global Positioning System (GPS) procedures and the other 10 flights utilized the highest PBN capability and GPS procedures. A comparative analysis was carried out with the data retrieved from the simulations for the 10 city-pairs. The results indicated that flight time could be reduced by an average of 7.3% by utilizing enhanced PBN procedures and fuel usage could be reduced by an average of 2.3%. The benefits offered by PBN improved with an increase in route distances due to larger fuel and time savings.
      PubDate: Wed, 11 Nov 2020 15:48:30 PST
       
  • Solar One: A Proposal for The First Crewed Interstellar Spacecraft

    • Authors: Alberto Caballero
      Abstract: In this paper it is presented the concept and design of a new type of spacecraft that could be used to make the first manned interstellar travel. Solar one would integrate three near-term technologies, namely: compact nuclear fusion reactors, extremely large light sails, and high-energy laser arrays. A system of lenses or mirrors to propel the sail with sunlight is suggested as an alternative to laser propulsion. With a mile-long light sail, Solar One could reach an average of 22% the speed of light, arriving to the closest potentially habitable exoplanet in less than 19 years with the help of a Bussard scoop producing reverse electromagnetic propulsion. Key challenges are reducing the weight of continuous-wave lasers and compact fusion reactors as well as achieving cryo-sleep and artificial gravity.
      PubDate: Tue, 10 Nov 2020 14:25:09 PST
       
  • A Review of DJI’s Mavic Pro Precision Landing Accuracy

    • Authors: Cody Yoakum et al.
      Abstract: Precision landing has the potential to increase the accuracy of autonomous landings. Unique applications require specific landing performance; for example, wireless charging loses efficiency with a misalignment of 100mm. Unfortunately, there is no publicly available information for the DJI Mavic Pro’s landing specifications. This research investigated the ability of a Mavic Pro to land at a specified point accurately. The purpose of this research is to determine if precision landings are more accurate than non-precision autonomous landings and if the Mavic Pro is capable of applications such as wireless charging when using precision landings. A total of 128 (64 precision and 64 non-precision) landings were recorded. A two-tail two-sample t-test compared the differences between Precision Landing On vs. Precision Landing Off (PLON vs. PLOFF). Data showed statistical evidence to reject the null hypothesis indicating there was a statistical performance in mean landing accuracy with PLON (M = 3.45, SD = 1.30) over PLOFF (M = 4.40, SD = 1.89), t(109) = -3.313, p = 0.0013. A one-tail one-sample t-test comparing the landing distance of PLON to 100mm (distance for effective wireless charging) produced statistical evidence to reject the null hypothesis indicating the PLON landing accuracy (M = 87.63mm, SD = 33.02mm) was less than 100mm, t(62) = -2.98, p = 0.002. Evidence showed that precision landings increased the landing performance and may allow for future potential applications, including wireless charging.
      PubDate: Sat, 07 Nov 2020 07:39:59 PST
       
 
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