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  Subjects -> AERONAUTICS AND SPACE FLIGHT (Total: 121 journals)
Showing 1 - 30 of 30 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 493)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 69)
Advances in Aerospace Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 457)
Aeronautical Journal, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aerospace     Open Access   (Followers: 60)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 427)
Aerospace Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aerospace technic and technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : Journal of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AIAA Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1188)
Air Force Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Air Medical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annual of Navigation     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Artificial Satellites     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
ASTRA Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Astrodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Aviation     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Aviation Advances & Maintenance     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aviation in Focus - Journal of Aeronautical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Aviation Week     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 436)
Canadian Aeronautics and Space Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
CEAS Aeronautical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Chinese Journal of Aeronautics     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Ciencia y Poder Aéreo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Civil Aviation High Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 313)
Cosmic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
COSPAR Colloquia Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Elsevier Astrodynamics Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Fatigue of Aircraft Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Gyroscopy and Navigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 258)
IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 278)
IEEE Journal on Miniaturization for Air and Space Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 384)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
International Journal of Aeroacoustics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
International Journal of Aerodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 82)
International Journal of Aerospace Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Aerospace Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of Applied Geospatial Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Aviation Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Aviation Technology, Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Crashworthiness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Micro Air Vehicles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Satellite Communications Policy and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Space Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Space Structures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Space Technology Management and Innovation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Sustainable Aviation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Turbo and Jet-Engines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Investigación Pecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aerodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Aeronautical Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
Journal of Aerospace Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Aerospace Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Aerospace Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Aerospace Technology and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Aircraft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 335)
Journal of Aircraft and Spacecraft Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Airline and Airport Management     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Astrobiology & Outreach     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 204)
Journal of KONBiN     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Navigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 277)
Journal of Propulsion and Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 609)
Journal of Space Safety Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 771)
Journal of Spatial Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the American Helicopter Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Astronautical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Life Sciences in Space Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
MAD - Magazine of Aviation Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Mekanika : Jurnal Teknik Mesin i     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Microgravity Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
New Space     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nonlinear Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
npj Microgravity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Aerospace Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives of Earth and Space Scientists i     Open Access  
Population Space and Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Problemy Mechatroniki. Uzbrojenie, lotnictwo, inżynieria bezpieczeństwa / Problems of Mechatronics. Armament, Aviation, Safety Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Progress in Aerospace Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 80)
Propulsion and Power Research     Open Access   (Followers: 68)
REACH - Reviews in Human Space Exploration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Space Science & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
RocketSTEM     Free   (Followers: 6)
Russian Aeronautics (Iz VUZ)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Science and Education : Scientific Publication of BMSTU     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Space and Polity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Space Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Space Research Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)
Space Safety Magazine     Free   (Followers: 51)
Space Science International     Open Access   (Followers: 198)
Space Science Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 97)
SpaceNews     Free   (Followers: 826)
Spatial Information Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Technical Soaring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Transportmetrica A : Transport Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Unmanned Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Вісник Національного Авіаційного Університету     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Journal Cover
Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education & Research
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1065-1136 - ISSN (Online) 2329-258X
Published by Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Configuration Management Challenges of Model Based Systems Engineering on
           Multiple Variant Aircraft Fleets

    • Authors: David R. Zubowski
      Abstract: Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR) is moving from traditional Systems Engineering (SE), focusing on managing documentation, to Model Based Systems Engineering (MBSE), focusing on a system model (All Partners Access Network, n.d.). As NAVAIR transitions to an MBSE standard, controlling the Configuration Management (CM) of a fleet of a single series of aircraft in varying states of engineering change incorporations will be critical. Traditional systems engineering and configuration management are both text document focused disciplines that have existed since the end of World War II. The method chosen to conduct the research was by performing a case study on MBSE as related to configuration management challenges with different aircraft variants as the SE methodology transforms from document based to model based at NAVAIR.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Dec 2020 07:49:30 PST
       
  • What Type of Collegiate Pilot is Likely to Experience Imposter
           Phenomenon'

    • Authors: Rian Mehta et al.
      Abstract: Background: Imposter Syndrome (IS), also called Imposter Phenomenon (IP), has been studied in a variety of paradigms over the past few decades. However, IP is not a well-researched concept in the field of aviation, and no studies that we know of have examined this phenomenon with student pilots.Method: Two hundred and forty-one student pilots were interviewed from two southeastern universities with flight schools. Participants were asked a series of questions about demographics, flight training, personality measures, self-efficacy, self-handicapping, and perceived organizational support. In addition, they responded to the Clance IP scale.Results: A regression equation was created from the first dataset and tested for model fit with a second dataset. Four factors were found to be significant, including measures of self-handicapping, measures of self-efficacy, income, and the type of flight school, accounting for approximately 40% of the variance in the data. Model fit was strong, providing future researchers with a predictive model of IP for student pilots.Conclusion: These findings show that IP is prevalent in student pilots and correlates with self-handicapping. This is a concern that should be addressed in aviation programs.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Dec 2020 07:49:20 PST
       
  • Simulation and Analysis of 4-D Airspace Closures due to Commercial Space
           Operations: Impacts on Airlines and General Aviation

    • Authors: Janet K. Tinoco et al.
      Abstract: When industries share key portions of their eco-systems, industry-industry competitive and structural pressures can inhibit the advancement of both. In the case of aviation and commercial space, an eco-system component critical to both industries is shared airspace. The integration of air and space activities in a safe, efficient, effective, and equitable manner is compulsory for both industries to grow and thrive. In order to develop solutions, one must first understand the effects of space operations on current national airspace system (NAS) users. By using actual flight data in a simulation environment of space operations out of Cape Canaveral, Florida, we analyze the number and type of impacted flights based on historical airspace closure data. Results indicate that while the majority of the impacted flights were of domestic U.S. carriers, international carrier flights accounted for 9.5% of those impacted by vertical launch operations and 8.3% of those impacted by horizontal spaceplane landings. Further, general aviation (GA) flights accounted for 33% of the flights impacted by horizontal landings. The study also provided an initial understanding of airports involved by reviewing flight origin and destination of impacted flights.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Dec 2020 07:49:06 PST
       
  • Social Science Considerations for Integrating Aviation Technology,
           Emergency Services, and Human Resilience

    • Authors: Chelsea A. LeNoble et al.
      Abstract: Unmanned aerial systems (UAS) have a range of innovative applications within the field of disaster management, underscoring the potential to enhance human security by integrating UAS across phases of disasters. This paper highlights important social science challenges that must be addressed to ensure the effective integration of UAS, the complex team of teams that respond to disasters, and the populations affected by disasters. Expanding upon points of intersection between UAS capabilities and disaster management identified in recent research, UAS uses in disaster management and corresponding psychosocial considerations are discussed. Broadly, these considerations focus on the training and development of the disaster management multiteam system (MTS) as well as the well-being of disaster responders and the populations they serve. Considerations for mitigation (resilient team infrastructure), preparation (education and training), response (an integrated MTS; responder health), and recovery (population resilience) phases of disaster management are discussed to pave the way for future research and application in this area.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Dec 2020 07:48:52 PST
       
  • Implementing Active Learning Techniques in an Undergraduate Aviation
           Meteorology Course

    • Authors: Daniel J. Halperin et al.
      Abstract: A course in Aviation Weather is an integral component of multiple degree programs at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. Consequently, the course sustains large enrollments with several faculty teaching it. Efforts to promote a consistent experience for students resulted in primarily PowerPoint-based lectures. This paper describes a set of changes made to the course with the goal of improving students’ engagement, understanding, and retention of the course material that are consistent with effective teaching strategies based on prior research. Specifically, daily quizzes, Poll Everywhere questions, in-class activities, flipped classroom sessions, and assertion-evidence based lectures were introduced. These changes initially were implemented in only a subset of the course sections to test their effectiveness. Direct assessment of the mean scores of common exams across all sections indicated that the students in the experimental group performed significantly better than students in the control group where the aforementioned changes were not implemented. In addition, exam scores significantly improved as the semester progressed. Indirect assessments via responses to custom questions on end-of-course evaluations indicated that these course changes were viewed positively by the students.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Sep 2020 09:18:30 PDT
       
  • Research Recommendations from the Airplane Simulation Transfer Literature

    • Authors: Jan G. Neal et al.
      Abstract: This descriptive review aims to identify research gaps in the airplane, simulation transfer of training literature. The research question is: What are the recommendations for future research from the simulation experiments using a true transfer or a quasi-transfer design to study the near or far transfer of airplane flying knowledge, skills, or abilities among adults' The method involves an exhaustive survey of English-language, peer-reviewed publications available online. The results include eight seminal reviews of the aviation literature published since 1973, 26 empirical studies published since 2004, and four general reviews to situate the aviation literature. The primary transfer studies encompass four themes: training proficiency, motion, abnormal events, and control tasks. This review addresses current research needs by presenting summaries and recommendations from the transfer literature, identifying gaps, and proposing an agenda for future research. It serves to inform researchers, practitioners, manufacturers, and regulators in the field of flight simulation training.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Sep 2020 09:18:16 PDT
       
  • Dynamic Delegated Corridors and 4D Required Navigation Performance for
           Urban Air Mobility (UAM) Airspace Integration

    • Authors: Trong Van Nguyen
      Abstract: Increased traffic congestion on urban road networks has impacted the travel time for commuters in highly populated urban centers. Urban Air Mobility (UAM) is recognized as a system that transports the passenger and air cargo from any location to any destination within a metropolitan area. UAM may offer a solution to the problematic issue of automobile urban surface transportation congestion. However, the predicted significant growth in the demand for integration of UAM operations into the existing airspace system in the next 20 years and beyond may exceed the capacity of current air traffic control (ATC) system resources, particularly the ATC workload. Many organizations in the aviation industry, academia, and government have conducted extensive studies on the issue of UAM airspace integration. Many of these proposed solutions involve high-level frameworks for managing UAM operations. In this paper, the combination of the Dynamic Delegated Corridors (DDCs) and full four-dimensional (4D) Required Navigation Performance (RNP) trajectories are proposed to enable UAM aircraft to integrate into the existing airspace system. Experiments will be conducted to measure and compare the ATC workload before and after the installation of DDCs and 4D RNP trajectories in the terminal control area (TCA) of an airport. The proposed approach in this paper is expected to help reduce the workload of ATC dramatically and contribute to the viability of UAM airspace integration into the existing airspace system to operate at low altitudes in the terminal controlled airspace together with other airspace users safely and efficiently.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Sep 2020 09:18:07 PDT
       
  • Aviation Education Impacts on Cockpit Culture of Chinese Student Pilots

    • Authors: Xiaoyu Wu et al.
      Abstract: The safety of the aviation industry heavily depends on the performance of pilots. A pilot with a good cockpit culture improves safety performance. However, a lack of understanding of how a well-established aviation program impacts student pilots’ cockpit culture regarding power distance, masculinity, individualism, and uncertainty avoidance. This study aimed to investigate the training effect on Chinese student perceptions regarding power distance, masculinity, individualism, and uncertainty avoidance, and its related variables. The study collected 726 Chinese student pilots and analyzed their cockpit culture based on the survey data. The study examined the academic tenure influences on cockpit culture variables within student pilots. The profile analysis indicated that first-year students, sophomores, juniors, and seniors had different profiles regarding the cockpit culture variables. Outcomes show that there is a positive influence on Chinese student pilots’ perception of power distance and individualism. The perception of masculinity increases with their academic tenures and uncertainty avoidance has a periodical pattern.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Sep 2020 09:17:54 PDT
       
  • Collegiate Aviation Students Perceptions of Female Representation in
           Collegiate Aviation and the U.S. Aviation Industry

    • Authors: Mallory K. Casebolt et al.
      Abstract: While most industries have made noticeable increases of female professionals represented in the workplace, the U.S. aviation industry is still behind. According to Women in Aviation International (WAI), a nonprofit organization dedicated to the encouragement and advancement of women in all aviation career fields and interests, women make up less than 30% of non-pilot aviation careers and 7% of pilots are women (Women in Aviation International, 2019). This study sought the perceptions of collegiate aviation students concerning female representation in the aviation industry. Furthermore, this study sought to identify if female students encounter any difficulties based on gender at the collegiate aviation level that potentially affects their overall representation in aviation at the collegiate and industry levels. According to the responses from 124 collegiate aviation students this study found that overall, collegiate aviation students consider the U.S. aviation industry and collegiate aviation male dominate, currently and historically. Collegiate aviation students also perceived that gender barriers and bias exist in favor and in opposition of female aviation students. Collegiate aviation students expressed negative and positive perceptions about female representation, gender barriers, and gender biases for females in aviation. This research sought to aid in the identification of difficulties experienced by female collegiate aviation students in hopes to help lessen the representation gap in the aviation industry as a whole.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Sep 2020 09:17:42 PDT
       
  • Learning Theory and Differentiation in Flight Instruction: Perceptions
           from Certified Flight Instructors

    • Authors: Bernard W. Wulle et al.
      Abstract: The pilot shortage has reached critical levels. One strategy to minimize the loss of potentially skilled pilots is to focus attention on providing flight instructors with the background knowledge to understand student learning and support student pilots as they progress through flight training programs. Within flight instruction, little or no attention has been focused on the concept of Multiple Intelligences (MI) Theory and its impact on student learning and retention. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to determine if Certified Flight Instructors (CFI) who have been provided with information about MI Theory perceived a positive relationship between their new knowledge about multiple intelligences and their general instructional effectiveness. The study used CFI journals, observations, and individual interviews to determine if instructors perceived MI Theory to be valuable when applied to flight instruction. The results indicated that the participants believed knowledge regarding MI Theory added value to their flight instruction. Implications for practice and directions for future research are provided.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Sep 2020 09:17:25 PDT
       
  • Design, Construction and Testing of a 3-Component Force Balance for
           Educational Wind Tunnels in Undergraduate Aerodynamics

    • Authors: Milan Tomin et al.
      Abstract: This article is focused on providing detailed instructions on how to build and use a force balance for educational wind tunnels. The article’s objective is to encourage undergraduate students in underfunded programs to engage in the field of aerodynamics. The discussed force balance represents an affordable device that only requires basic components like Arduino board, a servo motor, and acrylic and aluminum as construction materials. A simple data collection example is included at the end of the article showing that this simple force balance can collect meaningful data about lift, drag, and moment coefficient of a tested airfoil.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Apr 2020 07:55:07 PDT
       
  • A Proposed Taxonomy for General Aviation Pilot Weather Education and
           Training

    • Authors: John M. Lanicci et al.
      Abstract: As General Aviation (GA) safety continues to remain a focus of the aviation community, GA pilot weather education and training continues to be an active area of interest within the research community. This study introduces a taxonomy for organizing GA pilot weather education and training materials that was originally conceived as part of the FAA’s Weather Technology In the Cockpit research program. The taxonomy is built upon three main knowledge categories, or tiers:1) Weather Phenomena (which includes hazards); 2) Weather Hazard Products; and 3) Weather Hazard Product Sources and their Application. The concept behind the categorization is to link knowledge of basic meteorological concepts/theory, hazards, and hazard products to the application of that knowledge to make correct aeronautical decisions about the weather in all phases of flight, including planning. The application tier of the taxonomy is particularly important in today’s operating environment, where many commercial weather products and hand-portable applications are available to the GA community. These products and applications are not intended to teach pilots about weather; it is assumed that the pilot has an adequate weather background and understands the uses and limitations of these products. Our research and that of others on GA pilot education and training suggests that this may not be the case, thus the need for a methodology that “connects the dots” from theory to application.The “version 1.0” of the taxonomy contains these three tiers with two to three subcategories contained within each. Each subcategory itself can contain a number of individual topic areas. The taxonomy was developed by a subject matter expert team consisting of two aviation meteorologists, a certificated flight instructor with a meteorological background (who recently completed a Ph.D. in Aviation), a human factors psychologist, and two human factors doctoral students. The taxonomy’s potential applications in the education and training environment are also presented.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Apr 2020 07:54:51 PDT
       
  • Public Acceptance of AI Technology in Self-Flying Aircraft

    • Authors: Sarah M. Talley
      Abstract: The research article includes a literature dissection on the topics of public acceptance of automated vehicles, including self-driving cars and unmanned aerial vehicles. Information reviewed will be applied to the potential future application of self-flying aircraft. The use of the Technology Acceptance Model is reviewed for application of public acceptance studies. Contributing factors commonly observed include perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, perceived risk and environmental benefits. Additionally, trust in automated technology for decision-making is reviewed. Research is based on existing studies of public acceptance in similar technologies and is applied to the likely public acceptance of self-flying aircraft.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Apr 2020 07:54:39 PDT
       
  • An Exploratory Study of Automation Errors in Part 91 Operations

    • Authors: Curtis Taylor et al.
      Abstract: The purpose of automation is to improve pilot performance, increase efficiency, reduce risks, and human error (Parasuraman, Sheridan, & Wickens, 2000). Generally, automation has made the National Airspace system safer and more efficient. However, automation has been and continues to be an important topic for aviation safety (Vidulich & Tsang, 2016). Most of the discussions and research has revolved around scheduled Part 121. With the reduction in costs, automation has proliferated in Part 91 general aviation operations which provides ongoing research opportunities. Researchers of the current study utilized the Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) database to find reports of incidents involving automation. During the past 11 years, there have been 161 self-reported incidences of mismanagement of automation within Part 91 operations. It can be assumed that the number of actual events is much higher. During analysis of the dataset, reported incidents were put into four categories in order to gain a clearer understanding into the causes of errors and outcomes. Results indicated automation malfunctions and automation dependency were key factors that led to the ASRS self-report. Based on the analyses, recommendations on how to mitigate the overuse of automation in general aviation were outlined.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Apr 2020 07:54:24 PDT
       
  • Scenario-Based Strategic Planning for Future Civil Vertical Take-off and
           Landing (VTOL) Transport

    • Authors: WooJin Choi et al.
      Abstract: Rapid evolvement of the vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) technology in conjunction with recent robust R&D has demonstrated the technical feasibility of the civil VTOL system as a short-haul mass transit mode. Its combined benefits of a helicopter and a turboprop into one aircraft is expected to become an effective remedy for congested air traffic and difficulties with airport expansions in the metropolitan areas along with the potential benefit to improve accessibility to population centers and remote areas where conventional aircraft cannot access.In this study, based on a the Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental, and Legal (PESTEL) factors and Technology Readiness Level (TRL) analysis, a scenario-based strategic plan for the civil VTOL transport mode was proposed on a 20-year timeframe and three key strategic factors were identified: 1) sustainable VTOL technology as an enabler, 2) VTOL infrastructure and procedure as an operation platform, and 3) integration of the VTOL technology into the existing air transportation system as a differentiator.While many socio-economic and regulatory gaps were found from this study to integrate civil VTOL aircraft into the current commercial aviation system, the integrative mode of the civil VTOL transport exhibits potentials to tackle the current challenges of the aviation industry to enhance air-mobility between the intra- and inter-city transport and provide passengers with significant benefits to reduce transportation costs and travel time.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Apr 2020 07:54:12 PDT
       
  • The Effect of Experiential Education on Pilots' VFR into IMC
           Decision-Making

    • Authors: Geoffrey R. Whitehurst et al.
      Abstract: In aviation, safety is always a primary consideration, and this is especially true during a pilot’s flight training to instill that safety mentality. However, this means that pilots are restricted by safety policies from encountering difficult weather situations during their training, which could, potentially, improve their weather decision-making skills for avoiding future hazardous weather encounters. Thirty-six general aviation pilots of varying instrument flight experience (IF) were allocated, using stratified random sampling based on their IF, to one of three groups, a control group and two educational treatment intervention groups. The educational treatment interventions were designed to improve the participant’s ability in recognizing deteriorating weather (reducing visibility) conditions, to prevent flying from visual flight rules (VFR) into instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) by the use of experiential education. Intervention one was web-based only and intervention two was web and personal computer (PC) simulator based. Each pilot flew a simulated flight along a fjord in Alaska under visual flight rules in deteriorating visual weather that became instrument conditions. Type of intervention and experience-related demographic factors were analyzed to determine what factors contributed to safe weather-related decisions. Type of educational treatment intervention was found to be the only statistically significant demographic predictor of safe performance. Pilots who received the web-based only intervention were better able to assess deteriorating visibility and avoid instrument weather. Implications of this study and opportunities for future research are discussed.
      PubDate: Sun, 19 May 2019 13:58:19 PDT
       
  • Development of a Statistical Model to Predict Australian Flight
           Students’ Valuation of Aviation Safety

    • Authors: Michael Chiu et al.
      Abstract: This study was a quantitative approach to explore whether certain demographic factors, exposure to safety training, flight experience, and engagement could be used to develop a predictive model for how Australian flight students and early career pilots valued safety. Participants were given an online Likert-scale survey to determine their valuation of safety based on SMS safety sub-cultures, safety training, engagement, as well as provided basic demographic metrics including age, flight experience, gender. In addition, a second group of participants representing local Australian culture were given a survey to determine their safety valuation. Linear regression was used to develop the best model to predict safety valuation. Based on correlations between age, gender, flight experience, engagement, and safety training, only engagement had a significant correlation at the .05 significance level. As such, results found that a model containing engagement alone had the best predictive quality among the factors used in this study. Additionally, analysis of safety valuation between flight students/early career pilots and local Australians using ANOVA found that, although both groups highly valued safety, no significant difference in safety valuation could be found, despite the aviation group having specific safety training. The study concludes with a discussion of the apparent importance of engagement, cultural considerations with safety research, and the role of safety training, as well as suggestions for further research into the relationship between individual safety valuation and safety culture at the group level.
      PubDate: Sun, 19 May 2019 13:58:08 PDT
       
  • Scenario Development for Unmanned Aircraft System Simulation-Based
           Immersive Experiential Learning

    • Authors: Nickolas D. Macchiarella et al.
      Abstract: Application of scenario-based training can serve as practical means of educating remote pilots and sensor operators as they seek professional levels of knowledge. Both education and training can build upon time-tested training and simulation methodologies that apply simulators in settings that mirror real-world operations. Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University’s unmanned aircraft system (UAS) program curriculum is rooted in immersive simulation that offers students an experiential learning experience that is aimed to develop higher-order thinking skills. Skills that are critical to professional levels of performance. The degree program builds from basic application skills to critical thinking skills by using immersive scenario-based training in a generic medium altitude long endurance (MALE) UAS simulator. This MALE UAS has capabilities akin to the General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc.,Guardian. This paper serves to discuss the development, application, and integration of scenario-based training that is typified by an experiential learning theory (ELT) approach. The growing need for professional civil and military UAS remote pilots, and sensor operators, necessitates a methodical approach to education and training; the rich history of manned pilot education and training that leads to certification demonstrates a validated pathway that can be followed by the UAS community.
      PubDate: Sun, 28 Oct 2018 10:56:14 PDT
       
  • Human Error Analysis of Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS)
           Accidents Using the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System
           (HFACS)

    • Authors: Paul E. Cline Ph.D.
      Abstract: Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) is among the most dangerous type of flying in commercial aviation. This research utilized the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) to understand the errors, preconditions and violations that contribute to these accidents. Drawing upon source data from the National Transportation Safety Board’s Aviation Accident Database, HEMS accidents from 2000-2016 were analyzed according to the HFACS framework.
      PubDate: Sun, 28 Oct 2018 10:56:07 PDT
       
  • Using 3 Dimension Health Vegetation Index Point Clouds to Determine HLB
           Infected Citrus Trees

    • Authors: Joseph Cerreta et al.
      Abstract: Three-dimensional NDVI point clouds can be an innovative method for detecting Huanglongbing (HLB) disease in citrus trees. In February 2018, an Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) captured narrow-band multispectral images to detect healthiness variations of infected citrus trees. A 30-acre section of a citrus grove in Florida with a known HLB infection was examined to determine if three-dimensional Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) point clouds can indicate healthiness variations in HLB-infected citrus trees and how three-dimensional NDVI point clouds compared to two-dimensional NDVI reflectance maps for detecting healthiness variations in HLB-infected citrus trees. Wilcoxon Sign Rank testing compared Whole-Tree Vegetation Indices (WTVI) comprising of point or pixel proportions within five NDVI classifications between three-dimensional NVDI point clouds and two-dimensional NDVI reflectance maps. The results indicated significant differences between three-dimensional and two-dimensional points, grouped at the tree level, for suspected HLB-infected trees (p = 0.000). The data suggests three-dimensional NDVI point cloud points were more sensitive to less healthy levels of NDVI values by 2.7% compared to two dimensional NDVI data for suspected HLB-infected trees and by 10.6% (p = 0.000) for non-suspected HLB-infected trees. Researchers concluded three-dimensional NDVI point clouds could be used to determine healthiness variations in suspected HLB-infected citrus trees. Three-dimensional NVDI point clouds had a wider distribution of five index classifications than two-dimensional NDVI reflectance maps for suspected HLB-infected trees. The vertical structure of the citrus tree may contribute to the difference in distribution. There was a 10.01% (p = 0.021) increase in 3D NDVI point cloud points for non-suspected HLB-infected trees compared to the suspected HLB-infected trees. Additionally, there was a 9.04% (p = 0.032) increase in tree crown dimension for non-suspected HLB-infected trees compared to suspected HLB-infected trees. These data suggest non-suspected HLB-infected trees were larger than suspected HLB-infected trees.
      PubDate: Sun, 28 Oct 2018 10:55:59 PDT
       
 
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