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  Subjects -> AERONAUTICS AND SPACE FLIGHT (Total: 123 journals)
Showing 1 - 30 of 30 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 496)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 70)
Advances in Aerospace Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 458)
Aeronautical Journal, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Aerospace     Open Access   (Followers: 60)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 430)
Aerospace Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aerospace technic and technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : Journal of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AIAA Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1196)
Air Force Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Air Medical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 264)
Annual of Navigation     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Artificial Satellites     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
ASTRA Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Astrodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Aviation     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Aviation Advances & Maintenance     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aviation in Focus - Journal of Aeronautical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Aviation Week     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 438)
Canadian Aeronautics and Space Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
CEAS Aeronautical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Chinese Journal of Aeronautics     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Ciencia y Poder Aéreo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Civil Aviation High Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 315)
Cosmic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
COSPAR Colloquia Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Elsevier Astrodynamics Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Fatigue of Aircraft Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Gravitational and Space Research     Open Access  
Gyroscopy and Navigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 260)
IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 279)
IEEE Journal on Miniaturization for Air and Space Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 385)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
International Journal of Aeroacoustics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
International Journal of Aerodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 82)
International Journal of Aerospace Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Aerospace Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of Applied Geospatial Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Aviation Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Aviation Technology, Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Crashworthiness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Micro Air Vehicles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Satellite Communications Policy and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Space Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Space Structures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Space Technology Management and Innovation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Sustainable Aviation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Turbo and Jet-Engines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Investigación Pecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aerodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Aeronautical Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
Journal of Aerospace Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Aerospace Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Aerospace Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Aerospace Technology and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Aircraft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 337)
Journal of Aircraft and Spacecraft Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Airline and Airport Management     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Astrobiology & Outreach     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 205)
Journal of KONBiN     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Navigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 280)
Journal of Propulsion and Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 615)
Journal of Space Safety Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 773)
Journal of Spatial Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the American Helicopter Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of the Astronautical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Life Sciences in Space Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
MAD - Magazine of Aviation Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Mekanika : Jurnal Teknik Mesin i     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Microgravity Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
New Space     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nonlinear Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
npj Microgravity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Aerospace Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives of Earth and Space Scientists i     Open Access  
Population Space and Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Problemy Mechatroniki. Uzbrojenie, lotnictwo, inżynieria bezpieczeństwa / Problems of Mechatronics. Armament, Aviation, Safety Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Progress in Aerospace Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Propulsion and Power Research     Open Access   (Followers: 68)
REACH - Reviews in Human Space Exploration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Space Science & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
RocketSTEM     Free   (Followers: 6)
Russian Aeronautics (Iz VUZ)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Science and Education : Scientific Publication of BMSTU     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Space and Polity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Space Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Space Research Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)
Space Safety Magazine     Free   (Followers: 51)
Space Science International     Open Access   (Followers: 202)
Space Science Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 97)
SpaceNews     Free   (Followers: 825)
Spatial Information Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Technical Soaring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Transport and Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transportmetrica A : Transport Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Unmanned Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Вісник Національного Авіаційного Університету     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Journal Cover
International Journal of Aerospace Engineering
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.232
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 82  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-5966 - ISSN (Online) 1687-5974
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [343 journals]
  • Robust Finite-Time Trajectory Tracking Control of Quadrotor Aircraft via
           Terminal Sliding Mode-Based Active Antidisturbance Approach: A PIL
           Experiment

    • Abstract: This paper presents an accurate solution of finite-time Cartesian trajectory tracking control problem of a quadrotor system by designing and implementing a novel robust flight-control algorithm. The quadrotor is subject to nonlinearities, unmodeled dynamics, parameters’ uncertainties, and external time-varying disturbances. To reject the disturbances and enhance the control system’s robustness, a terminal sliding mode-based active antidisturbance control (TSMBAADC) approach is proposed for rotational and translational subsystems. To improve the tracking performance, a nonlinear continuous terminal sliding manifold and a fast reaching law are proposed in this work to quickly drive the systems’ states to the equilibrium point even in the presence of lumped disturbances. The convergence time of the states can be pretuned based on the parameters of the sliding manifold and the reaching law. Lyapunov theorem is used to provide a rigorous stability proof for the feedback control system. Numerical simulations and processor-in-the-loop (PIL) experiments are conducted to validate and implement the designed flight control algorithm on real autopilot hardware. The novelty of the proposed research lies in hardware implementation of a sophisticated version of modern control technique that exhibits a multitude of distinguishing features including but not limited to (i) finite-time tracking stability featuring fast convergence is ensured, (ii) chattering and singularity problems in sliding mode control (SMC) are avoided, and (iii) null steady-state error is achieved along with enhanced robustness. Finally, the proposed control law is compared with two recently reported research works. Results of performance comparison in term of the integral of square error (ISE) and the absolute value of the derivative of the input (IADU) dictate that the proposed technique overperforms by precision and chattering alleviation.
      PubDate: Thu, 06 May 2021 08:35:01 +000
       
  • Development of Unified High-Fidelity Flight Dynamic Modeling Technique for
           Unmanned Compound Aircraft

    • Abstract: This study presents the unified high-fidelity flight dynamic modeling technique for compound aircraft. The existing flight dynamic modeling technique is absolutely depended on the experimental data measured by wind tunnel. It means that the existing flight dynamic model cannot be used for analyzing a new configuration aircraft. The flight dynamic modeling has to be implemented when a performance analysis has to be performed for new type aircraft. This technique is not effective for analyzing the performance of the new configuration aircraft because the shapes of compound aircraft are very various. The unified high-fidelity flight dynamic modeling technique is developed in this study to overcome the limitation of the existing modeling technique. First, the unified rotor and wing models are developed to calculate the aerodynamic forces generated by rotors and wings. The revolutions per minute (RPM) and pitch change with rotation direction are addressed by rotor models. The unified wing model calculates the induced velocity by using the vortex lattice method (VLM) and the Biot–Savart law. The aerodynamic forces and moments for wings and rotors are computed by strip theory in each model. Second, the performance analysis such as propeller performance and trim for compound aircraft is implemented to check the accuracy between the proposed modeling technique and the helicopter trim, linearization, and simulation (HETLAS) program which is validated. It is judged that this study raises the efficiency of aircraft performance analysis and the airworthiness evaluation.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 May 2021 07:35:01 +000
       
  • Thermal Aeroelastic Characteristics of Inflatable Reentry Vehicle
           Experiment (IRVE) in Hypersonic Flow

    • Abstract: The inflatable reentry vehicle provides a new technical way in aerospace entry, descent, and landing. The structural failure of inflatable reentry vehicle experiment caused by thermal aeroelastic effect is serious, which needs to be further studied. A traditional numerical method about flexible vehicles separates the aeroheating and aeroelastic problems, resulting in poor matching with the actual test. In this paper, a thermal-fluid-solid coupling model considering inflation gas effect was established, which associates the aeroheating and aeroelastic modules and adopts the LES to improve the depicting ability of hypersonic flow. The model was used to solve the thermal aeroelastic characteristics under extreme aeroheating load. From aeroheating results, the large-scale vortex on windward generated by the interaction of the shock layer and boundary layer has great influence on aeroheating due to the heat dissipation, and the skin deformation also increases the surface friction and local heating near depressions. From aeroelastic analysis, the flexible structure performs violent forced vibration induced by the unsteady large-scale vortex on windward, and the aeroheating effect will significantly increase the thermal stress and natural vibration properties. The thermal-fluid-solid coupling method for the flexible structure proposed in this paper provides a reasonable reference for engineering.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Apr 2021 10:35:01 +000
       
  • Perspectives and Development of Electrical Systems in More Electric
           Aircraft

    • Abstract: On-board electrical systems are the key components of each modern aircraft. They enable its safer, more comfortable, and environmentally friendlier operation. The strict regulations to reduce pollution and noise are produced by aircraft eventuated in projects like Clean Sky or ICAO Global Coalition for Sustainable Aviation. One solution to environmentally friendlier operation is the full electric propulsion of the aircraft, which enables the reduction of both noise and pollution. Such a concept requires a total change of all on-board power systems and enables the profound change in aircraft design. This paper presents the evolution of aircraft power systems into the so-called more electric aircraft (MEA) and discusses the state-of-the-art electrical systems. Furthermore, the concept of all-electric aircraft (AEA) is presented here.
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Apr 2021 12:35:00 +000
       
  • Design Optimization and Parameter Analysis of a Hybrid Rocket
           Motor-Powered Small LEO Launch Vehicle

    • Abstract: In this paper, the effects of different grain shapes of a hybrid rocket motor (HRM) and different payload mass/orbit heights on the design of small launch vehicles (SLVs) are systematically discussed. An integrated overall design model for the hybrid rocket motor-powered small launch vehicle (HPSLV) is established, and two groups of three-stage SLVs capable of sending small payloads to the low earth orbit (LEO) are designed and optimized. In the first group, the SLVs with different grain shapes and different numbers of chambers in HRMs at the 1st and the 2nd stages are optimized and analyzed. In the second group, the SLVs capable of sending different payload mass to different orbit heights are optimized and analyzed. Pareto graphs of the design results show that the design of HRM at the 1st stage has the greatest impact on the take-off mass, total velocity increment, and maximum axial overload of the SLV. Self-organizing maps show that the take-off mass, maximum diameter, overall length, and velocity increment of the SLVs have the same variation tendency. For the 1-chamber HRM at the 1st stage, the wheel-shaped grain is better than circle-shaped and star-shaped grains in terms of reducing the total mass and length of the SLV, and the 4-chamber parallel HRM has more advantages over all 1-chamber designs for the same reason. The theoretical velocity increments are calculated by the Tsiolkovsky formula, and the actual velocity increments are obtained based on the trajectory simulation data. The results indicate that the HPSLV has a regular distribution in terms of the ratio of theoretical (actual) velocity increments at three different stages, and the estimated distribution ratio is around 1 : 1.55 : 1.69 (1 : 1.9 : 2.39), which can provide some reference for future development of HPSLV.
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Apr 2021 12:05:01 +000
       
  • Numerical Simulation of Helicopter Rotor Performance Degradation in
           Natural Rain Encounter

    • Abstract: Sustained flight operation in the rain conditions is still a challenge to a pilot. This problem can be mainly attributed to the aerodynamic performance degradation of aircraft. In this article, in order to quickly understand the influence of rainfall aiming at the engineering application, an approach to predict helicopter rotor performance degradation in heavy rain encounters is presented. Firstly, we develop a computational fluid dynamics- (CFD-) based method of simulation of the blade airfoil under natural rain scenario and different angles of attack in order to obtain a data-driven basis relating to multiple working conditions of the rotating blades for further analysis. Then, these data are studied using a discretization analysis method of rotor aerodynamics. CFD simulations are conducted, including the case of NACA 0012 airfoil with 10 m chord length, and the case of SC1095 airfoil used in a full-scale rotor of UH-60A helicopter. Prediction of helicopter rotor performance degradation is carried out in a thunderstorm heavy rain with the rain rate of 1500 mm/h using this full-scale rotor. The quantitative results indicate that heavy rain dramatically degrades the rotor performance. The maximum percentage decrease in lift coefficient of this full-scale rotor blade airfoil is reached by 12.75%. The maximum percentage increase in drag coefficient of this full-scale rotor blade airfoil is reached by 26.51%. The maximum percentage decrease in averaging lift-to-drag ratio of this full-scale rotor disk is reached by 26.39%.
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Apr 2021 08:50:01 +000
       
  • A Novel Analytical Inverse Kinematics Method for SSRMS-Type Space
           Manipulators Based on the POE Formula and the Paden-Kahan Subproblem

    • Abstract: Space manipulators which have a similar symmetrical structure with seven revolute joints, such as the space station remote manipulator system (SSRMS), can be called SSRMS-type space manipulators. The analytical inverse kinematics of an SSRMS-type manipulator can be solved by locking a single joint; the locked joint (joint 1, 2, 6, or 7) can be determined by configuration analysis. Although widely used in establishing the kinematics of SSRMS-type manipulators, the Denavit-Hartenberg (DH) method has a singular problem when two adjacent joint axes are nearly parallel. To avoid this problem, this paper proposes a novel analytical inverse kinematics method for SSRMS-type manipulators based on the product of exponentials (POE) formula and the Paden-Kahan subproblem. Because of the symmetrical structure, an SSRMS-type manipulator degrades to two kinds of 6-degree-of-freedom (DOF) manipulators when locking a single joint (joint 1, 2, 6, or 7). The analytical inverse kinematics of these two kinds of 6-DOF manipulators is solved by combining the Paden-Kahan subproblems and geometric and algebraic methods, respectively. The proposed approach is not only singularity free compared with the traditional DH-based methods but also more accurate than the POE-based numerical solution. The simulation results verify the efficiency of the proposed approach.
      PubDate: Thu, 29 Apr 2021 06:35:01 +000
       
  • Numerical Simulation of Supersonic Carman Curve Bodies with Aerospike

    • Abstract: Drag reduction is one of the important problems for the supersonic vehicles. As one of the drag reduction methods, aerospike has been used in some equipment because of its good drag reduction effect. In this paper, the numerical simulations of Carman curve bodies with different lengths of the aerospike and different radius of the flat cylindrical aerodisk in supersonic flow freestream are investigated. Based on the numerical simulations, the mechanism of drag reduction of the aerospike is discussed. The drag reduction effect influence of the parameters of the aerodisk radius and the aerospike length on the Carman curve body is analyzed. The aerodisk radius within a certain range is helpful for the drag reduction. The change of length of the aerospike has little effect on the drag of Carmen curve bodies. The drag reduction effect of the same aerospike becomes worse with the increase of the incoming Mach number.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Apr 2021 12:50:01 +000
       
  • Experimental Study of the Effect of the Expansion Segment Geometry on the
           Atomization of a Plain-Jet Airblast Atomizer

    • Abstract: In this paper, the idea of adding an expansion segment over traditional airblast atomizer is proposed to improve the spray performance. According to the systematic experiments, the Sauter mean diameter, the droplet size distribution, and the droplet axial mean velocity were obtained to evaluate the spray performance. The correlations between spray performance and four geometrical parameters of the expansion segment which include the length, the angle, the throat area, and position of liquid jet are considered. The atomizer operates at atmospheric pressure and temperature, and the air liquid ratio range is from 0.48 to 2.85. The data of the results were measured by Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer. The results show that more uniform droplet size distribution can be achieved with the addition of expansion segment, and the droplet size distribution factor of the case adding the expansion segment is 52.8% bigger than that of the case with no expansion segment. increases as the length and angle of expansion segment increase. The Sauter mean diameter can be reduced by either reducing the length or angle of expansion segment. As for droplet velocity, it is determined that the droplet velocity increases along the radial direction, which is noteworthy because opposite trend is reported for traditional plain-jet atomizers. With an increase of the length, angle, and throat area of the expansion segment, the droplet axial velocity decays.
      PubDate: Fri, 23 Apr 2021 04:35:01 +000
       
  • Study on the Fast Extension Mechanism of Double-Cavity Shock Absorber with
           High-Pressure Piston

    • Abstract: Double-cavity shock absorber with high-pressure piston is the core component of the nose landing gear of the carrier-based aircraft, and its fast-extension performance seriously affects the safety of the catapult-assisted takeoff. The design of a carrier-based aircraft in our country is carried out based on the traditional method of fast-extension dynamics, and it is found that the fast-extension capability is larger than designed. This paper analyzes the working principle of the high-pressure piston shock absorber and explains that the high-pressure air cavity pushes the piston rod to extend rapidly, which will cause the cavitation phenomenon in the main oil chamber. Thus, the cavitation in the main oil chamber makes the traditional modeling method of oil-liquid resistance force no longer applicable. Then, the axial force modeling method of shock absorber considering the cavitation effect is proposed. Based on the carrier-based aircraft, the dynamic response of the shock absorber in the process of fast extension is calculated and then it is compared with the calculation results of the traditional dynamic method. It is found that due to the cavitation effect caused by the forced fast extension section of the high-pressure air plug shock absorber, the fast extension work increases by 67.6%, thus, revealing the fast extension mechanism of the double-chamber shock absorber with high-pressure piston and successfully explaining the phenomenon of the fast extension ability exceeding the expectation of the shock absorber.
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Apr 2021 06:05:00 +000
       
  • Three-Dimensional Autonomous Obstacle Avoidance Algorithm for UAV Based on
           Circular Arc Trajectory

    • Abstract: This paper proposes an innovative and efficient three-dimensional (3D) autonomous obstacle algorithm for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) which works by generating circular arc trajectories to avoid obstacles. Firstly, information on irregular obstacles is obtained by an onboard detection system; this information is then transformed into standard convex bodies, which are used to generate circular arc avoidance trajectories, and the obstacle avoidance problem is turned into a trajectory tracking strategy. Then, on the basis of the geometric relationship between a UAV and obstacle modeling, the working mechanism of the avoidance algorithm is developed. The rules of obstacle detection, avoidance direction, and the criterion of avoidance success are defined for different obstacle types. Finally, numerical simulations of different obstacle scenarios show that the proposed algorithm can avoid static and dynamic obstacles effectively and can implement obstacle avoidance missions for UAVs well.
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Apr 2021 04:50:00 +000
       
  • A Parametric Design Method for Hybrid Airfoils for Icing Wind Tunnel Test

    • Abstract: The size of aircraft models that can be tested in icing wind tunnels is limited by the dimensions of the facilities in present; it is an effective method to replace the large model with a hybrid airfoil to carry out the experiment. A design method of multiple control points for hybrid airfoil based on the similarity of flow field in the leading edge of airfoil is proposed. Aiming at generating the full-scale flow field and ice accretion on the leading edge, multiobjective genetic optimization algorithm is used to design the hybrid airfoil under different conditions by combining the airfoil parameterization and solution of spatial constraint. Pressure tests of hybrid airfoils are carried out and compared with the leading edge pressure of the corresponding full-scale airfoils. The design and experimental results show that the pressure coefficient deviation between the hybrid airfoils designed and the corresponding full-scale airfoil in the 15% chord length range of the leading edge is within 4%. Finally, the vortex distribution and ice accretion process of the two airfoils were simulated by the unsteady Reynolds-averaged-Navier–Stokes (URANS) equations and multistep ice numerical method; it is shown that the hybrid airfoil can provide the same vortex distribution and ice accretion with the full-scale airfoil.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Apr 2021 09:05:01 +000
       
  • Cooperative Guidance Law against Highly Maneuvering Target with Dynamic
           Surrounding Attack

    • Abstract: In this paper, a new dynamic surrounding attack cooperative guidance law against highly maneuvering target based on decoupled model is proposed. First, a new dynamic surrounding guidance strategy is proposed, and virtual targets are introduced to establish the cooperative guidance model for dynamic surrounding attack. Second, a dynamic inverse method is used to decouple the cooperative guidance model, and extended state observers (ESOs) are introduced to estimate the disturbances caused by target maneuver. Then, the impact time and dynamic surrounding guidance (ITDSG) law against highly maneuvering target is designed based on a prescribed-time stable method and the decoupled model. Finally, numerical simulations are performed to illustrate the superiority and effectiveness of the proposed ITDSG.
      PubDate: Mon, 19 Apr 2021 08:50:01 +000
       
  • Experimental Approach for the Evaluation of the Performance of a Satellite
           Module in the CanSat Form Factor for In Situ Monitoring and Remote Sensing
           Applications

    • Abstract: This article includes the phases of conceptualization and validation of a picosatellite prototype named Simple-2 for remote sensing activities using COTS (Commercial-Off-The-Shelf) components and the modular design methodology. To evaluate its performance and ensure the precision and accuracy of the measurements made by the satellite prototype, a methodology was designed and implemented for the characterization and qualification of CanSats (soda can satellites) through statistical tests and techniques of DoE (Design of Experiments) based on CubeSat aerospace standards and regulations, in the absence of official test procedures for these kinds of satellite form factor. For the above, two experimental units were used, and all the performance variables of the different satellite subsystems were discriminated. For the above, two experimental units were used, and all the performance variables of the different satellite subsystems were discriminated against. These were grouped according to the dependence of the treatments formulated in thermal and dynamic variables. For the tests of the first variables, a one-factor design was established using dependent samples on each of the treatments. Then, hypothesis tests were performed for equality of medians, using nonparametric analysis of the Kruskal-Wallis variance. Additionally, multivariate analysis of variance was carried out for nonparametric samples (nonparametric multivariate tests), and the application of post hoc multiple-range tests to identify the treatments that presented significant differences within a margin of acceptability. To know the dynamic response and ensure the structural integrity of the satellite module, shock, oscillation, and sinusoidal tests were applied through a shaker. Having applied the experimental methodology to the different units, the results of a real experiment are illustrated in which a high-altitude balloon was used through the application of nonparametric regression methods. This experiment’s interest measured thermodynamic variables and the concentration of pollutants in the stratosphere to corroborate the operating ranges planned in the above experiments using on-flight conditions and estimate the TLR (technology readiness level) of future prototypes.
      PubDate: Sat, 17 Apr 2021 07:35:01 +000
       
  • CFD Simulation Strategy for Hypersonic Aerodynamic Heating around a Blunt
           Biconic

    • Abstract: The design of the thermal protection system requires high-precision and high-reliability CFD simulation for validation. To accurately predict the hypersonic aerodynamic heating, an overall simulation strategy based on mutual selection is proposed. Foremost, the grid criterion based on the wall cell Reynolds number is developed. Subsequently, the dependence of the turbulence model and the discretization scheme is considered. It is suggested that the appropriate value of wall cell Reynolds number is 1 through careful comparison between one another and with the available experimental data. The excessive number of cells is not recommended due to time-consuming computation. It can be seen from the results that the combination of the AUSM+ discretization scheme and the Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model has the highest accuracy. In this work, the heat flux error of the stagnation point is within 1%, and the overall average relative error is within 10%.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Apr 2021 07:20:01 +000
       
  • Analysis and Experimental Study on Dynamic Behavior of Stepper-Actuated
           Dual-Axis Data Transmission Antenna

    • Abstract: The satellite-borne data transmission antenna is the main disturbing source of low-frequency microvibration of spacecraft, which immensely affects the image quality of remote sensing satellite. In this paper, the dynamic characteristics of flexible load driven by stepping motor on flexible boundary are studied. The dynamic equation of the stepping motor driven by current subdivision is simplified by linearization method. The dynamic model of flexible load driven by stepping motors on flexible boundary is established by using the Dynamic Substructure Method, and the analytical expression of microvibration of the data transmission antenna is given. The coupling relationship between the stepping motors and the flexible structure is analyzed by modal coordinate transformation. The microvibration model is verified by simulation and experiment, and the main causes and coupling factors of microvibration are explained. The results show that the model can accurately predict the microvibration of the satellite antenna and can be applied to the microvibration prediction in orbit. The reasonable selection of the working velocity of the stepping motors can effectively reduce the microvibration, which provides the basis for the design of the antenna control system.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Apr 2021 06:20:01 +000
       
  • Analysis of the Magnus Moment Aerodynamic Characteristics of Rotating
           Missiles at High Altitudes

    • Abstract: The Magnus moment characteristics of rotating missiles with Mach numbers of 1.3 and 1.5 at different altitudes and angles of attack were numerically simulated based on the transition SST model. It was found that the Magnus moment direction of the missiles changed with the increase of the angle of attack. At a low altitude, with the increase of the angle of attack, the Magnus moment direction changed from positive to negative; however, at high altitudes, with the increase of the angle of attack, the Magnus moment direction changed from positive to negative and then again to positive. The Magnus force direction did not change with the change of the altitude and the angle of attack at low angles of attack; however, it changed with altitude at an angle of attack of 30°. When the angle of attack was 20°, the interference of the tail fin to the lateral force of the missile body was different from that for other angles of attack, leading to an increase of the lateral force of the rear part of the missile body. With the increasing altitude, the position of the boundary layer with a larger thickness of the missile body moved forward, making the lateral force distribution of the missile body even. Consequently, Magnus moments generated by different boundary layer thicknesses at the front and rear of the missile body decreased and the Magnus moment generated by the tail fin became larger. As lateral force directions of the missile body and the tail were opposite, the Magnus moment direction changed noticeably. Under a high angle of attack, the Magnus moment direction of the missile body changed with the increasing altitude. The absolute value of the pitch moment coefficient of the missile body decreased with the increasing altitude.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Apr 2021 12:05:01 +000
       
  • New Nonlinear Cumulative Fatigue Damage Model Based on Ecological Quality
           Dissipation of Materials

    • Abstract: The failure of many aircraft structures and materials is caused by the accumulation of fatigue damage under variable-amplitude cyclic loading wherein the damage evolution of materials is complicated. Therefore, to study the cumulative fatigue damage of materials under variable-amplitude cyclic loading, a new nonlinear fatigue damage accumulation model is proposed based on the ecological quality dissipation of materials by considering the effects of load interaction and sequence. The proposed new model is validated by the test data obtained for three kinds of material under multilevel fatigue loading. Compared with the Miner model and Kwofie model, the proposed model can more effectively analyse the accumulative damage and predict fatigue life of different materials under variable-amplitude cyclic loading than others. The study provides a basis for predicting fatigue life accurately and determining reasonable maintenance periods of aircraft structures.
      PubDate: Sat, 10 Apr 2021 07:50:01 +000
       
  • Noncertainty Equivalent Adaptive Backstepping Control for Advanced Fighter
           Subject to Unsteady Effects and Input Constraints

    • Abstract: This paper presents a noncertainty equivalent adaptive backstepping control scheme for advanced fighter attitude tracking, in which unsteady effects, parameter uncertainties, and input constraints are all considered which increase the design difficulty to a large extent. Based on unsteady attitude dynamics and the noncertainty equivalent principle, a new observer is first developed to reconstruct the immeasurable and time-varying unsteady states. Afterwards, the unsteady aerodynamics is compensated in the backstepping controller where the command filter is introduced to impose physical constraints on actuators. In order to further enhance the robustness, the noncertainty equivalent adaptive approach is again used to estimate the uncertain constant parameters. Moreover, stability of the closed-loop system that includes the state observer, parameter estimator, and backstepping controller is proven by the Lyapunov theorem in a unified architecture. Finally, simulation results show that performance of the deterministic control system can be captured when attractive manifolds are achieved. The effectiveness and robustness of the proposed control scheme are verified by the Herbst maneuver.
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Apr 2021 11:05:01 +000
       
  • Research and Verification of Key Techniques in the Simulation of Space
           Extremely Rapid Decompression in Millisecond

    • Abstract: The research of rapid decompression with its effect assessment and protection technology is the problem that must be faced by the future exploration projects such as near space exploration, deep space exploration, and long-term lunar or Mars base. A new reusable quick opening mechanism which can be opened in millisecond is designed to meet the testing requirement of ground simulator for extremely rapid decompression, and the testing results show that the quick opening mechanism can be opened within 0.1 s. The mathematical formulation is also developed, and the comparisons with the results from the literature demonstrate its validity. The CFD simulation and the verification system are established for the airflow in the rapid decompression process under different opening degrees. The simulation results show that the effect of the opening on the decompression process is very obvious and the decompression time corresponding to 50%, 75%, and 100% opening is 479.1 ms, 320.7 ms, and 290.1 ms, respectively. The testing results also show a consistent trend which is 583 ms, 450 ms, and 384 ms, respectively, to reach the equilibrium state.
      PubDate: Mon, 05 Apr 2021 13:50:01 +000
       
  • Experimental Investigation on the Flow Resistance of a Staged Fuel
           Injector with Thermal Protection

    • Abstract: The multistaged rotating swirling usually adopts the staged combustion and multiple point fuel supply, which has the advantages of high efficiency and low emissions. However, the high inlet temperature rise will cause autooxidation and fuel coking. Multiple fuel circuit mutual cooling technology by using different flight conditions is an effective measure for the thermal protection of the nozzle. But the complicated fuel circuit configuration inevitably increase the flow resistance in the fuel jet. This paper presents an experimental investigation of flow resistance of a triple-stage rotating swirling nozzle, concerning the effects of various factors on total pressure loss and friction factor in nozzle fuel circuit. The factors include fuel velocity , inlet temperature , and inlet Reynolds number . The results show that the complicated fuel-cooled structure made flow resistance of the pilot fuel circuit much bigger than the main one. Meanwhile, the empirical correlations between the friction factor and the inlet Reynolds number have been fitted, which can be the reference for engineering design.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Mar 2021 11:05:01 +000
       
  • Prescribed Performance Tracking Control for the Hypersonic Vehicle with
           Actuator Faults

    • Abstract: This paper provides a solution for the trajectory tracking control of a hypersonic flight vehicle (HFV), which is encountered performance constraints, actuator faults, external disturbances, and system uncertainties. For the altitude and velocity control subsystems, the backstepping-based dynamic surface control (DSC) strategy is constructed to guarantee the predefined constraint of tracking errors. The introduction of first-order low-pass filters effectively remedies the problem of “complexity explosion” existing in high-order backstepping design. Simultaneously, radial basis function neural networks (RBFNNs) are adopted for approximating the unavailable dynamics, in which the minimum learning parameter (MLP) algorithm brilliantly alleviates the excessive occupation of the computational resource. Specially, in consideration of the unknown actuator failures, the adaptive signals are designed to enhance the reliability of the closed-loop system. Finally, according to rigorous theoretical analysis and simulation experiment, the stability of the proposed controller is verified, and its superiority is exhibited intuitively.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Mar 2021 10:35:01 +000
       
  • Influence of Design Parameters on Static Bifurcation Behavior of Magnetic
           Liquid Double Suspension Bearing

    • Abstract: Magnetic liquid double suspension bearing (MLDSB) includes electromagnetic system and hydrostatic system, and the bearing capacity and stiffness can be greatly improved. It is very suitable for the occasions of medium speed, heavy load, and starting frequently. Due to the mutual coupling and interaction between electromagnetic system and hydrostatic system, the probability and degree of static bifurcation are greatly increased and the operation stability is reduced. And flow of bearing cavity, coil current, oil film thickness, and galvanized layer thickness are the key parameters to ensure operation safe and stable, which has an important influence on the static bifurcation behavior. So this article intends to establish the coupling model of MLDSB to reveal the range of parameter combination in the case of static bifurcation. The influences of different parameter groups on the singularity characteristics, phase trajectory, curves, and suction basin of the single DOF bearing system are analyzed. The result shows that there are nonzero singularities and static bifurcation occurs when or . As the flow of bearing cavity, coil current, oil film thickness, and galvanized layer thickness changes in turn, the singularities will convert between stable focus, unstable focus, stable node, and saddle point, and then the stable limit cycle may be generated. The attractiveness of singularity will change greatly with the flow of the bearing cavity and coil current changes slightly in the case of small current or large flow. The minimal change of galvanized layer thickness will lead to the fundamental change of the final stable equilibrium point of the rotor, while the final equilibrium point is slightly affected by the oil film thickness. This study can provide a reference for the supporting stability of MLDSB.
      PubDate: Fri, 26 Mar 2021 11:50:02 +000
       
  • Typical Fault Estimation and Dynamic Analysis of a Leader-Follower
           Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Formation

    • Abstract: In this paper, the typical fault estimation and dynamic analysis are presented for a leader-follower unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) formation system with external disturbances. Firstly, a dynamic model with proportional navigation guidance (PNG) control of the UAV formation is built. Then, an intermediate observer design method is adopted to estimate the system states and faults simultaneously. Based on the graph theory, the topology relationship between each node in the UAV formation has been also analyzed. The estimator and the system error have been created. Moreover, the typical faults, including the components failure, airframe damage, communication failure, formation collision, and environmental impact, are also discussed for the UAV system. Based on the fault-tolerant strategy, five familiar fault models are proposed from the perspectives of fault estimation, dynamical disturbances, and formation cooperative control. With an analysis of the results of states and faults estimation, the actuator faults can be estimated precisely with component failure and wind disturbances. Furthermore, the basic dynamic characteristics of the UAV formation are discussed. Besides, a comparison of two cases related to the wind disturbance has been accomplished to verify the performance of the fault estimator and controller. The results illustrate the credibility and applicability of the fault estimation and dynamic control strategies for the UAV system which are proposed in this paper. Finally, an extension about the UAV formation prognostic health management system is expounded from the point of view of the fault-tolerant control, dynamic modeling, and multifault estimation.
      PubDate: Fri, 26 Mar 2021 07:50:02 +000
       
  • Hypersonic Vehicle Aerodynamic Optimization Using Field Metamodel-Enhanced
           Sequential Approximate Optimization

    • Abstract: Hypersonic vehicle has gained increasing attention due to its high cruise speed and long voyage. In this paper, an enhanced Sequential Approximate Optimization method is proposed for aerodynamic optimization of a hypersonic vehicle. In this method, a constrained design of experiment method is adopted to generate the initial sampling set with adequate number of feasible points. A field metamodel is proposed to surrogate the aerodynamic parameters distributions in the flow field obtained by the aerodynamic simulation. A hybrid metamodel combing radial basis functions and polynomial chaos expansion is applied to construct the field metamodel with good approximate performance. A robust mesh morphing scheme based on radial basis functions is developed to generate high-quality meshes for the sequential optimization scheme. The hypersonic vehicle aerodynamic optimization problem is performed using the proposed optimization framework and satisfactory results are obtained with limited computational budgets. Results show that the proposed field metamodel-enhanced Sequential Approximate Optimization method possesses powerful optimization performance and promising prospects in the field of hypersonic vehicle optimization design.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Mar 2021 02:50:00 +000
       
  • Disturbance Rejection Attitude Control for a Quadrotor: Theory and
           Experiment

    • Abstract: In this article, an attitude tracking controller is designed for a quadrotor unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) subject to lumped disturbances. Firstly, the attitude dynamical model of the quadrotor under external disturbances is established. Subsequently, an improved sliding mode control (SMC) strategy is designed based on the linear extended state observer (LESO). In this control scheme, the SMC will guarantee the sliding surface is finite time reachable and the LESO will estimate and compensate for the lumped disturbances. Then, the robustness and asymptotic stability of the proposed controller are proved by the stability analyses. Finally, three numerical simulation cases and comparative flight experiments validate the effectiveness of the developed controller.
      PubDate: Tue, 16 Mar 2021 11:50:02 +000
       
  • Onboard Trajectory Generation of Hypersonic Morphing Aircraft

    • Abstract: In this paper, a trajectory optimization strategy for the hypersonic morphing aircraft is proposed, and the AMPI method is used to generate the online trajectory with initial state errors. Firstly, the aerodynamic model and propulsion model of the hypersonic morphing aircraft were established considering the wingspan and the scramjet. Secondly, the optimization strategy was proposed via Gauss pseudospectral method considering the control variables including angle of attack (AOA) and wingspan. The optimized trajectory met the final constraints and path constraints with the objective to minimize the time of the ascent phase. Then, the AMPI method was used to generate online trajectory without solving OCP or NLP on the base of trajectory database calculated by the optimization strategy. The simulation results indicate high accuracy of AMPI method and the final errors corresponding to different initial errors were acceptable. The mean value of the CPU time of the method was about 0.1 second, which shows real-time capability.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 Mar 2021 03:35:01 +000
       
  • Combustion Characteristics in Rotating Detonation Engines

    • Abstract: A lot of studies on rotating detonation engines have been carried out due to the higher thermal efficiency. However, the number, rotating directions, and intensities of rotating detonation waves are changeful when the flow rate, equivalence ratio, inflow conditions, and engine schemes vary. The present experimental results showed that the combustion mode of a rotating detonation engine was influenced by the combustor scheme. The annular detonation channel had an outer diameter of 100 mm and an inner diameter of 80 mm. Air and hydrogen were injected into the combustor from 60 cylindrical orifices in a diameter of 2 mm and a circular channel with a width of 2 mm, respectively. When the air mass flow rate was increased by keeping hydrogen flow rate constant, the combustion mode varied. Deflagration and diffusive combustion, multiple counterrotating detonation waves, longitudinal pulsed detonation, and a single rotating detonation wave occurred. Both longitudinal pulsed detonation and a single rotating detonation wave occurred at different times in the same operation. They could change between each other, and the evolution direction depended on the air flow rate. The operations with a single rotating detonation wave occurred at equivalence ratios lower than 0.60, which was helpful for the engine cooling and infrared stealth. The generation mechanism of longitudinal pulsed detonation is developed.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 Mar 2021 02:20:01 +000
       
  • A Rapid Target Searching Scheme for a Small Satellite with Device Limits

    • Abstract: In recent years, small satellites, which are more and more popular and affordable, have been already widely applied in observation and monitoring missions. However, it is a tough problem to meet the different mission requirements with such limits as space, energy, and devices. In this paper, we propose a practical target searching scheme for a small satellite which suffers from the device limits during the first 7.5 seconds after the launch separation. Due to the device limits at the beginning of the separation, the initial attitude of the satellite and the position of the target that the following observation task is based on are both unknown. In order to solve this problem, a backward integral strategy used to estimate the initial attitude and a target searching method intended to ensure the satellite acquires the target rapidly are included in the scheme. Simulation results proved that this scheme enabled the satellite, regardless of the initial conditions, to acquire the target within the limited observation time.
      PubDate: Mon, 15 Mar 2021 02:20:01 +000
       
  • Aerodynamic Optimization Design of a Supersonic Compressor Rotor with High
           Pressure Ratio

    • Abstract: Supersonic compressors have a high wheel speed and operational capability, which facilitate a high stage pressure ratio. However, the strong shock waves in the passage of a supersonic rotor and the interference between shock waves and boundary layers can lead to large flow loss and low efficiency. Moreover, the existing design of a high-load supersonic compressor has the problem of small stall margin. In this study, an automatic optimization method including 2D profile optimization and 3D blade optimization is proposed to achieve a high efficiency at the design point of a supersonic compressor rotor under the premise of reaching the desired mass flow rate and total pressure ratio. According to the analysis of flow near the stall point of the supersonic compressor rotor, the mechanism responsible for rotor tip stall is established, that is, the aerodynamic throat appeared inside the flow passage, reducing the ability of the blade tip to withstand back pressure, and the low-speed areas caused by the tip-leakage-vortex breakage and boundary layer separation reduced the flow capacity of the blade tip. Based on the reasons for rotor stall, three methods are proposed to improve the stall margin, which include increasing the exit radius of the upper meridian, forward sweep of the blade tip, and increasing the chord length of the blade tip. The above method is used to design a supersonic rotor with a total pressure ratio of 2.8, which exhibits an efficiency of 0.902 at the design point and a stall margin of 18.11%.
      PubDate: Wed, 10 Mar 2021 11:35:01 +000
       
 
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