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MATHEMATICS (711 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Academic Voices : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Materials Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Pure and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Algorithms Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access  
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales UMCS, Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ANZIAM Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Armenian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BIBECHANA     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
BoEM - Boletim online de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Australian Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combinatorics, Probability and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Combinatorics and Optimization     Open Access  
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Complexus     Full-text available via subscription  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Compositio Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Comptes Rendus Mathematique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Concrete Operators     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
Contributions to Game Theory and Management     Open Access  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal  
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Current Research in Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Demonstratio Mathematica     Open Access  
Dependence Modeling     Open Access  
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Differentsial'nye Uravneniya     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discussiones Mathematicae - General Algebra and Applications     Open Access  
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Diskretnaya Matematika     Full-text available via subscription  
Dnipropetrovsk University Mathematics Bulletin     Open Access  
Doklady Akademii Nauk     Open Access  
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Mathematical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Eco Matemático     Open Access  
Edited Series on Advances in Nonlinear Science and Complexity     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Combinatorics     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Differential Equations     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Graph Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Elemente der Mathematik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Energy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover
Advances in Mathematics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 3.027
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 11  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0001-8708 - ISSN (Online) 1090-2082
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3163 journals]
  • Linear and quadratic ranges in representation stability
    • Authors: Thomas Church; Jeremy Miller; Rohit Nagpal; Jens Reinhold
      Pages: 1 - 40
      Abstract: Publication date: 31 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 333
      Author(s): Thomas Church, Jeremy Miller, Rohit Nagpal, Jens Reinhold
      We prove two general results concerning spectral sequences of FI-modules. These results can be used to significantly improve stable ranges in a large portion of the stability theorems for FI-modules currently in the literature. We work this out in detail for the cohomology of configuration spaces where we prove a linear stable range and the homology of congruence subgroups of general linear groups where we prove a quadratic stable range. Previously, the best stable ranges known in these examples were exponential. Up to an additive constant, our work on congruence subgroups verifies a conjecture of Djament.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.05.025
      Issue No: Vol. 333 (2018)
  • The Beilinson regulator is a map of ring spectra
    • Authors: Ulrich Bunke; Thomas Nikolaus; Georg Tamme
      Pages: 41 - 86
      Abstract: Publication date: 31 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 333
      Author(s): Ulrich Bunke, Thomas Nikolaus, Georg Tamme
      We prove that the Beilinson regulator, which is a map from K-theory to absolute Hodge cohomology of a smooth variety, admits a refinement to a map of E ∞ -ring spectra in the sense of algebraic topology. To this end we exhibit absolute Hodge cohomology as the cohomology of a commutative differential graded algebra over R . The associated spectrum to this CDGA is the target of the refinement of the regulator and the usual K-theory spectrum is the source. To prove this result we compute the space of maps from the motivic K-theory spectrum to the motivic spectrum that represents absolute Hodge cohomology using the motivic Snaith theorem. We identify those maps which admit an E ∞ -refinement and prove a uniqueness result for these refinements.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.05.027
      Issue No: Vol. 333 (2018)
  • Dihedral branched covers of four-manifolds
    • Authors: Alexandra Kjuchukova
      Pages: 1 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: 9 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 332
      Author(s): Alexandra Kjuchukova
      Given a closed oriented PL four-manifold X and a closed surface B embedded in X with isolated cone singularities, we give a formula for the signature of an irregular dihedral cover of X branched along B. For X simply-connected, we deduce a necessary condition on the intersection form of a simply-connected irregular dihedral branched cover of ( X , B ) . When the singularities on B are two-bridge slice, we prove that the necessary condition on the intersection form of the cover is sharp. For X a simply-connected PL four-manifold with non-zero second Betti number, we construct infinite families of simply-connected PL manifolds which are irregular dihedral branched coverings of X. Given two four-manifolds X and Y whose intersection forms are odd, we obtain a necessary and sufficient condition for Y to be homeomorphic to an irregular dihedral p-fold cover of X, branched over a surface with a two-bridge slice singularity.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.04.016
      Issue No: Vol. 332 (2018)
  • Commutators in groups of piecewise projective homeomorphisms
    • Authors: José Burillo; Yash Lodha; Lawrence Reeves
      Pages: 34 - 56
      Abstract: Publication date: 9 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 332
      Author(s): José Burillo, Yash Lodha, Lawrence Reeves
      In [7] Monod introduced examples of groups of piecewise projective homeomorphisms which are not amenable and which do not contain free subgroups, and in [6] Lodha and Moore introduced examples of finitely presented groups with the same property. In this article we examine the normal subgroup structure of these groups. Two important cases of our results are the groups H and G 0 . We show that the group H of piecewise projective homeomorphisms of R has the property that H ″ is simple and that every proper quotient of H is metabelian. We establish simplicity of the commutator subgroup of the group G 0 , which admits a presentation with 3 generators and 9 relations. Further, we show that every proper quotient of G 0 is abelian. It follows that the normal subgroups of these groups are in bijective correspondence with those of the abelian (or metabelian) quotient.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.04.006
      Issue No: Vol. 332 (2018)
  • Shuffle-compatible permutation statistics
    • Authors: Ira M. Gessel; Yan Zhuang
      Pages: 85 - 141
      Abstract: Publication date: 9 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 332
      Author(s): Ira M. Gessel, Yan Zhuang
      Since the early work of Richard Stanley, it has been observed that several permutation statistics have a remarkable property with respect to shuffles of permutations. We formalize this notion of a shuffle-compatible permutation statistic and introduce the shuffle algebra of a shuffle-compatible permutation statistic, which encodes the distribution of the statistic over shuffles of permutations. This paper develops a theory of shuffle-compatibility for descent statistics—statistics that depend only on the descent set and length—which has close connections to the theory of P-partitions, quasisymmetric functions, and noncommutative symmetric functions. We use our framework to prove that many descent statistics are shuffle-compatible and to give explicit descriptions of their shuffle algebras, thus unifying past results of Stanley, Gessel, Stembridge, Aguiar–Bergeron–Nyman, and Petersen.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.05.003
      Issue No: Vol. 332 (2018)
  • Verbally prime T-ideals and graded division algebras
    • Authors: Eli Aljadeff; Yaakov Karasik
      Pages: 142 - 175
      Abstract: Publication date: 9 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 332
      Author(s): Eli Aljadeff, Yaakov Karasik
      Let F be an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero and let G be a finite group. We consider graded Verbally prime T-ideals in the free G-graded algebra. It turns out that equivalent definitions in the ordinary case (i.e. ungraded) extend to nonequivalent definitions in the graded case, namely verbally prime G-graded T-ideals and strongly verbally prime T-ideals. At first, following Kemer's ideas, we classify G-graded verbally prime T-ideals. The main bulk of the paper is devoted to the stronger notion. We classify G-graded strongly verbally prime T-ideals which are T-ideal of affine G-graded algebras or equivalently G-graded T-ideals that contain a Capelli polynomial. It turns out that these are precisely the T-ideal of G-graded identities of finite dimensional G-graded, central over F (i.e. Z ( A ) e = F ) which admit a G-graded division algebra twisted form over a field k which contains F or equivalently over a field k which contains enough roots of unity (e.g. a primitive n-root of unity where n = o r d ( G ) ).

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.05.004
      Issue No: Vol. 332 (2018)
  • Hyperspaces of smooth convex bodies up to congruence
    • Authors: Igor Belegradek
      Pages: 176 - 198
      Abstract: Publication date: 9 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 332
      Author(s): Igor Belegradek
      We determine the homeomorphism type of the hyperspace of positively curved C ∞ convex bodies in R n , and derive various properties of its quotient by the group of Euclidean isometries. We make a systematic study of hyperspaces of convex bodies that are at least C 1 . We show how to destroy the symmetry of a family of convex bodies, and prove that this cannot be done modulo congruence.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.05.005
      Issue No: Vol. 332 (2018)
  • A Brunn–Minkowski theory for coconvex sets of finite volume
    • Authors: Rolf Schneider
      Pages: 199 - 234
      Abstract: Publication date: 9 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 332
      Author(s): Rolf Schneider
      Let C be a closed convex cone in R n , pointed and with interior points. We consider sets of the form A = C ∖ K , where K ⊂ C is a closed convex set. If A has finite volume (Lebesgue measure), then A is called a C-coconvex set, and K is called C-close. The family of C-coconvex sets is closed under the addition ⊕ defined by C ∖ ( A 1 ⊕ A 2 ) = ( C ∖ A 1 ) + ( C ∖ A 2 ) . We develop first steps of a Brunn–Minkowski theory for C-coconvex sets, which relates this addition to the notion of volume. In particular, we establish the equality condition for a Brunn–Minkowski type inequality (with reversed inequality sign) and introduce mixed volumes and their integral representations. For C-close sets, surface area measures and cone-volume measures can be defined, in analogy to similar notions for convex bodies. They are Borel measures on the intersection of the unit sphere with the interior of the polar cone of C. We prove a Minkowski-type uniqueness theorem for C-close sets with equal surface area measures. Concerning Minkowski-type existence problems, we give conditions for a Borel measure to be either the surface area measure or the cone-volume measure of a C-close set. These conditions are sufficient in the first case, and necessary and sufficient in the second case.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.05.018
      Issue No: Vol. 332 (2018)
  • Zeros of the deformed exponential function
    • Authors: Liuquan Wang; Cheng Zhang
      Pages: 311 - 348
      Abstract: Publication date: 9 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 332
      Author(s): Liuquan Wang, Cheng Zhang
      Let f ( x ) = ∑ n = 0 ∞ 1 n ! q n ( n − 1 ) / 2 x n ( 0 < q < 1 ) be the deformed exponential function. It is known that the zeros of f ( x ) are real and form a negative decreasing sequence ( x k ) ( k ≥ 1 ). We investigate the complete asymptotic expansion for x k and prove that for any n ≥ 1 , as k → ∞ , x k = − k q 1 − k ( 1 + ∑ i = 1 n C i ( q ) k − 1 − i + o ( k − 1 − n ) ) , where C i ( q ) are some q series which can be determined recursively. We show that each C i ( q ) ∈ Q [ A 0 , A 1 , A 2 ] , where A i = ∑ m = 1 ∞ m i σ ( m ) q m and σ ( m ) denotes the sum of positive divisors of m. When writing C i as a polynomial in A 0 , A 1 and A 2 , we find explicit formulas for the coefficients of the linear terms by using Bernoulli numbers. Moreover, we also prove that C i ( q ) ∈ Q [ E 2 , E 4 , E 6 ] , where E 2 , E 4 and E ...
      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.05.006
      Issue No: Vol. 332 (2018)
  • Stable quotients and the holomorphic anomaly equation
    • Authors: Hyenho Lho; Rahul Pandharipande
      Pages: 349 - 402
      Abstract: Publication date: 9 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 332
      Author(s): Hyenho Lho, Rahul Pandharipande
      We study the fundamental relationship between stable quotient invariants and the B-model for local P 2 in all genera. Our main result is a direct geometric proof of the holomorphic anomaly equation in the precise form predicted by B-model physics. The method yields new holomorphic anomaly equations for an infinite class of twisted theories on projective spaces. An example of such a twisted theory is the formal quintic defined by a hyperplane section of P 4 in all genera via the Euler class of a complex. The formal quintic theory is found to satisfy the holomorphic anomaly equations conjectured for the true quintic theory. Therefore, the formal quintic theory and the true quintic theory should be related by transformations which respect the holomorphic anomaly equations.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.05.020
      Issue No: Vol. 332 (2018)
  • Nonvanishing of central L-values of Maass forms
    • Authors: Shenhui Liu
      Pages: 403 - 437
      Abstract: Publication date: 9 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 332
      Author(s): Shenhui Liu
      With the method of moments and the mollification method, we study the central L-values of GL(2) Maass forms of weight 0 and level 1 and establish a positive-proportional nonvanishing result of such values in the aspect of large spectral parameter in short intervals, which is qualitatively optimal in view of Weyl's law. As an application of this result and a formula of Katok–Sarnak, we give a nonvanishing result on the first Fourier coefficients of Maass forms of weight 1 2 and level 4 in the Kohnen plus space.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.05.017
      Issue No: Vol. 332 (2018)
  • Dichotomies, structure, and concentration in normed spaces
    • Authors: Grigoris Paouris; Petros Valettas
      Pages: 438 - 464
      Abstract: Publication date: 9 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 332
      Author(s): Grigoris Paouris, Petros Valettas
      We use probabilistic, topological and combinatorial methods to establish the following deviation inequality: For any normed space X = ( R n , ‖ ⋅ ‖ ) there exists an invertible linear map T : R n → R n with P ( ‖ T G ‖ − E ‖ T G ‖ > ε E ‖ T G ‖ ) ≤ C exp ⁡ ( − c max ⁡ { ε 2 , ε } log ⁡ n ) , ε > 0 , where G is the standard n-dimensional Gaussian vector and C , c > 0 are universal constants. It follows that for every ε ∈ ( 0 , 1 ) and for every normed space X = ( R n , ‖ ⋅ ‖ ) there exists a k-dimensional subspace of X which is ( 1 + ε ) -Euclidean and k ≥ c ε log ⁡ n / log ⁡ 1 ε . This improves by a logarithmic on ε term the best previously known result due to G. Schechtman.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.05.022
      Issue No: Vol. 332 (2018)
  • Schubert polynomials as integer point transforms of generalized
    • Authors: Alex Fink; Karola Mészáros; Avery St. Dizier
      Pages: 465 - 475
      Abstract: Publication date: 9 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 332
      Author(s): Alex Fink, Karola Mészáros, Avery St. Dizier
      We show that the dual character of the flagged Weyl module of any diagram is a positively weighted integer point transform of a generalized permutahedron. In particular, Schubert and key polynomials are positively weighted integer point transforms of generalized permutahedra. This implies several recent conjectures of Monical, Tokcan and Yong.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.05.028
      Issue No: Vol. 332 (2018)
  • Non-classification of Cartan subalgebras for a class of von Neumann
    • Authors: Pieter Spaas
      Pages: 510 - 552
      Abstract: Publication date: 9 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 332
      Author(s): Pieter Spaas
      We study the complexity of the classification problem for Cartan subalgebras in von Neumann algebras. We construct a large family of II1 factors whose Cartan subalgebras up to unitary conjugacy are not classifiable by countable structures, providing the first such examples. Additionally, we construct examples of II1 factors whose Cartan subalgebras up to conjugacy by an automorphism are not classifiable by countable structures. Finally, we show directly that the Cartan subalgebras of the hyperfinite II1 factor up to unitary conjugacy are not classifiable by countable structures, and deduce that the same holds for any McDuff II1 factor with at least one Cartan subalgebra.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.05.007
      Issue No: Vol. 332 (2018)
  • Convex cones, integral zonotopes, limit shape
    • Authors: Imre Bárány; Julien Bureaux; Ben Lund
      Pages: 143 - 169
      Abstract: Publication date: 20 June 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 331
      Author(s): Imre Bárány, Julien Bureaux, Ben Lund
      Given a convex cone C in R d , an integral zonotope T is the sum of segments [ 0 , v i ] ( i = 1 , … , m ) where each v i ∈ C is a vector with integer coordinates. The endpoint of T is k = ∑ 1 m v i . Let T ( C , k ) be the family of all integral zonotopes in C whose endpoint is k ∈ C . We prove that, for large k, the zonotopes in T ( C , k ) have a limit shape, meaning that, after suitable scaling, the overwhelming majority of the zonotopes in T ( C , k ) are very close to a fixed convex set. We also establish several combinatorial properties of a typical zonotope in T ( C , k ) .

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.031
      Issue No: Vol. 331 (2018)
  • Residue current approach to Ehrenpreis–Malgrange type theorem for linear
           differential equations with constant coefficients and commensurate time
    • Authors: Saiei-Jaeyeong Matsubara-Heo
      Pages: 170 - 208
      Abstract: Publication date: 20 June 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 331
      Author(s): Saiei-Jaeyeong Matsubara-Heo
      We introduce a ring H of partial difference-differential operators with constant coefficients initially defined by H. Glüsing-Lürßen for ordinary difference-differential operators and investigate its cohomological properties. Combining this ring theoretic observation with the integral representation technique developed by M. Andersson, we solve a certain type of division with bounds. In the last section, we deduce from this injectivity properties of various function modules over H as well as the density results of exponential polynomial solutions for partial difference-differential equations.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.04.004
      Issue No: Vol. 331 (2018)
  • The Hopf algebra of skew shapes, torsion sheaves on A/F1n, and ideals in
           Hall algebras of monoid representations
    • Authors: Matt Szczesny
      Pages: 209 - 238
      Abstract: Publication date: 20 June 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 331
      Author(s): Matt Szczesny
      We study ideals in Hall algebras of monoid representations on pointed sets corresponding to certain conditions on the representations. These conditions include the property that the monoid act via partial permutations, that the representation possess a compatible grading, and conditions on the support of the module. Quotients by these ideals lead to combinatorial Hopf algebras which can be interpreted as Hall algebras of certain sub-categories of modules. In the case of the free commutative monoid on n generators, we obtain a co-commutative Hopf algebra structure on n-dimensional skew shapes, whose underlying associative product amounts to a “stacking” operation on the skew shapes. The primitive elements of this Hopf algebra correspond to connected skew shapes, and form a graded Lie algebra by anti-symmetrizing the associative product. We interpret this Hopf algebra as the Hall algebra of a certain category of coherent torsion sheaves on A / F 1 n supported at the origin, where F 1 denotes the field of one element. This Hopf algebra may be viewed as an n-dimensional generalization of the Hopf algebra of symmetric functions, which corresponds to the case n = 1 .

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.032
      Issue No: Vol. 331 (2018)
  • On the embeddability of real hypersurfaces into hyperquadrics
    • Authors: Ilya Kossovskiy; Ming Xiao
      Pages: 239 - 267
      Abstract: Publication date: 20 June 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 331
      Author(s): Ilya Kossovskiy, Ming Xiao
      A well known result of Forstnerić [15] states that most real-analytic strictly pseudoconvex hypersurfaces in complex space are not holomorphically embeddable into spheres of higher dimension. A more recent result by Forstnerić [16] states even more: most real-analytic hypersurfaces do not admit a holomorphic embedding even into a merely algebraic hypersurface of higher dimension, in particular, a hyperquadric. We emphasize that both cited theorems are proved by showing that the set of embeddable hypersurfaces is a set of first Baire category. At the same time, the classical theorem of Webster [30] asserts that every real-algebraic Levi-nondegenerate hypersurface admits a transverse holomorphic embedding into a nondegenerate real hyperquadric in complex space. In this paper, we provide effective results on the non-embeddability of real-analytic hypersurfaces into a hyperquadric. We show that, under the codimension restriction N ≤ 2 n , the defining functions φ ( z , z ¯ , u ) of all real-analytic hypersurfaces M = { v = φ ( z , z ¯ , u ) } ⊂ C n + 1 containing Levi-nondegenerate points and locally transversally holomorphically embeddable into some hyperquadric Q ⊂ C N + 1 satisfy an universal algebraic partial differential equation D ( φ ) = 0 , where the algebraic-differential operator D = D ( n , N ) depends on n ≥ 1 , n < N ≤ 2 n only. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first effective result characterizing real-analytic hypersurfaces embeddable into a hyperquadric of higher dimension. As an application, we show that for every n , N as above there exists μ = μ ( n , N ) such that a Zariski generic real-analytic hypersurface M ⊂ C n + 1 of degree ≥μ is not transversally holomorphically embeddable into any hyperquadric Q ⊂ C N + 1 . We also provide an explicit upper bound for μ in terms of n , N . To the best of our knowledge, this gives the first effective lower bound for the CR-complexity of a Zariski generic real-algebraic hypersurface in complex space of a fixed degree.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 331 (2018)
  • Equilibrium states on operator algebras associated to self-similar actions
           of groupoids on graphs
    • Authors: Marcelo Laca; Iain Raeburn; Jacqui Ramagge; Michael F. Whittaker
      Pages: 268 - 325
      Abstract: Publication date: 20 June 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 331
      Author(s): Marcelo Laca, Iain Raeburn, Jacqui Ramagge, Michael F. Whittaker
      We consider self-similar actions of groupoids on the path spaces of finite directed graphs, and construct examples of such self-similar actions using a suitable notion of graph automaton. Self-similar groupoid actions have a Cuntz–Pimsner algebra and a Toeplitz algebra, both of which carry natural dynamics lifted from the gauge actions. We study the equilibrium states (the KMS states) on the resulting dynamical systems. Above a critical inverse temperature, the KMS states on the Toeplitz algebra are parametrised by the traces on the full C ⁎ -algebra of the groupoid, and we describe a program for finding such traces. The critical inverse temperature is the logarithm of the spectral radius of the incidence matrix of the graph, and at the critical temperature the KMS states on the Toeplitz algebra factor through states of the Cuntz–Pimsner algebra. Under a verifiable hypothesis on the self-similar action, there is a unique KMS state on the Cuntz–Pimsner algebra. We discuss an explicit method of computing the values of this KMS state, and illustrate with examples.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.030
      Issue No: Vol. 331 (2018)
  • On a conjecture of Murthy
    • Authors: Mrinal Kanti Das
      Pages: 326 - 338
      Abstract: Publication date: 20 June 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 331
      Author(s): Mrinal Kanti Das
      This article concerns Murthy's conjecture on complete intersections, made in 1975. The sole breakthrough on this conjecture has still been the result proved by Mohan Kumar in 1978. The conjecture is open in general. In this article we improve Mohan Kumar's bound when the base field is F ‾ p . As an application, we prove that any local complete intersection surface in the affine space A F ‾ p d is a set-theoretic complete intersection, generalizing a result of Bloch–Murthy–Szpiro.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.04.012
      Issue No: Vol. 331 (2018)
  • Transfer-matrix methods meet Ehrhart theory
    • Authors: Alexander Engström; Florian Kohl
      Pages: 1 - 37
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Alexander Engström, Florian Kohl
      Transfer-matrix methods originated in physics where they were used to count the number of allowed particle states on a structure whose width n is a parameter. Typically, the number of states is exponential in n. One mathematical instance of this methodology is to enumerate the proper vertex colorings of a graph of growing size by a fixed number of colors. In Ehrhart theory, lattice points in the dilation of a fixed polytope by a factor k are enumerated. By inclusion–exclusion, relevant conditions on how the lattice points interact with hyperplanes are enforced. Typically, the number of points are (quasi-) polynomial in k. The text-book example is that for a fixed graph, the number of proper vertex colorings with k colors is polynomial in k. This paper investigates the joint enumeration problem with both parameters n and k free. We start off with the classical graph colorings and then explore common situations in combinatorics related to Ehrhart theory. We show how symmetries can be explored to reduce calculations and explain the interactions with Discrete Geometry.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.004
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Vertex operators and character varieties
    • Authors: Erik Carlsson; Fernando Rodriguez Villegas
      Pages: 38 - 60
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Erik Carlsson, Fernando Rodriguez Villegas
      We prove some combinatorial conjectures extending those proposed in [13,14]. The proof uses a vertex operator due to Nekrasov, Okounkov, and the first author [4] to obtain a “gluing formula” for the relevant generating series, essentially reducing the computation to the case of CP 1 with three punctures.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2017.12.024
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Isotropic constants and Mahler volumes
    • Authors: Bo'az Klartag
      Pages: 74 - 108
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Bo'az Klartag
      This paper contains a number of results related to volumes of projective perturbations of convex bodies and the Laplace transform on convex cones. First, it is shown that a sharp version of Bourgain's slicing conjecture implies the Mahler conjecture for convex bodies that are not necessarily centrally-symmetric. Second, we find that by slightly translating the polar of a centered convex body, we may obtain another body with a bounded isotropic constant. Third, we provide a counter-example to a conjecture by Kuperberg on the distribution of volume in a body and in its polar.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.009
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Scott ranks of models of a theory
    • Authors: Matthew Harrison-Trainor
      Pages: 109 - 147
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Matthew Harrison-Trainor
      The Scott rank of a countable structure is a measure, coming from the proof of Scott's isomorphism theorem, of the complexity of that structure. The Scott spectrum of a theory (by which we mean a sentence of L ω 1 ω ) is the set of Scott ranks of countable models of that theory. In Z F C + P D we give a descriptive-set-theoretic classification of the sets of ordinals which are the Scott spectrum of a theory: they are particular Σ 1 1 classes of ordinals. Our investigation of Scott spectra leads to the resolution (in ZFC) of a number of open problems about Scott ranks. We answer a question of Montalbán by showing, for each α < ω 1 , that there is a Π 2 in theory with no models of Scott rank less than α. We also answer a question of Knight and Calvert by showing that there are computable models of high Scott rank which are not computably approximable by models of low Scott rank. Finally, we answer a question of Sacks and Marker by showing that δ 2 1 is the least ordinal α such that if the models of a computable theory T have Scott rank bounded below ω 1 , then their Scott ranks are bounded below α.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.012
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Banach strong Novikov conjecture for polynomially contractible groups
    • Authors: Alexander Engel
      Pages: 148 - 172
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Alexander Engel
      We prove the Banach strong Novikov conjecture for groups having polynomially bounded higher-order combinatorial functions. This includes all automatic groups.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.006
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • The Gerstenhaber–Schack complex for prestacks
    • Authors: Hoang Dinh Van; Wendy Lowen
      Pages: 173 - 228
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Hoang Dinh Van, Wendy Lowen
      The aim of this work is to construct a complex which through its higher structure directly controlls deformations of general prestacks, building on the work of Gerstenhaber and Schack for presheaves of algebras. In defining a Gerstenhaber–Schack complex C GS • ( A ) for an arbitrary prestack A , we have to introduce a differential with an infinite sequence of components instead of just two as in the presheaf case. If A ˜ denotes the Grothendieck construction of A , which is a U -graded category, we explicitly construct inverse quasi-isomorphisms F and G between C GS • ( A ) and the Hochschild complex C U ( A ˜ ) , as well as a concrete homotopy T : F G ⟶ 1 , which had not been obtained even in the presheaf case. As a consequence, by applying the Homotopy Transfer Theorem, one can transfer the dg Lie structure present on the Hochschild complex in order to obtain an L ∞ -structure on C GS • ( A ) , which controlls the higher deformation theory of the prestack A . This answers the open problem about the higher structure on the Gerstenhaber–Schack complex at once in the general prestack case.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.02.023
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Kleitman's conjecture about families of given size minimizing the number
           of k-chains
    • Authors: József Balogh; Adam Zsolt Wagner
      Pages: 229 - 252
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): József Balogh, Adam Zsolt Wagner
      A central theorem in combinatorics is Sperner's Theorem, which determines the maximum size of a family F ⊆ P ( n ) that does not contain a 2-chain F 1 ⊊ F 2 . Erdős later extended this result and determined the largest family not containing a k-chain F 1 ⊊ … ⊊ F k . Erdős and Katona and later Kleitman asked how many such chains must appear in families whose size is larger than the corresponding extremal result. This question was resolved for 2-chains by Kleitman in 1966, who showed that amongst families of size M in P ( n ) , the number of 2-chains is minimized by a family whose sets are taken as close to the middle layer as possible. He also conjectured that the same conclusion should hold for all k, not just 2. The best result on this question is due to Das, Gan and Sudakov who showed that Kleitman's conjecture holds for families whose size is at most the size of the k + 1 middle layers of P ( n ) , provided k ≤ n − 6 . Our main result is that for every fixed k and ε > 0 , if n is sufficiently large then Kleitman's conjecture holds for families of size at most ( 1 − ε ) 2 n , thereby establishing Kleitman's conjecture asymptotically. Our proof is based on ideas of Kleitman and Das, Gan and Sudakov. Several open problems are also given.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.007
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Asymptotic joint distribution of the extremities of a random Young diagram
           and enumeration of graphical partitions
    • Authors: Boris Pittel
      Pages: 280 - 306
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Boris Pittel
      An integer partition of n is a decreasing sequence of positive integers that add up to [ n ] . Back in 1979 Macdonald posed a question about the limit value of the probability that two partitions chosen uniformly at random, and independently of each other, are comparable in terms of the dominance order. In 1982 Wilf conjectured that the uniformly random partition is a size-ordered degree sequence of a simple graph with the limit probability 0. In 1997 we showed that in both, seemingly unrelated, cases the limit probabilities are indeed zero, but our method left open the problem of convergence rates. The main result in this paper is that each of the probabilities is e − 0.11 log ⁡ n / log ⁡ log ⁡ n , at most. A key element of the argument is a local limit theorem, with convergence rate, for the joint distribution of the [ n 1 / 4 − ε ] tallest columns and the [ n 1 / 4 − ε ] longest rows of the Young diagram representing the random partition.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.013
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Enriched Stone-type dualities
    • Authors: Dirk Hofmann; Pedro Nora
      Pages: 307 - 360
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Dirk Hofmann, Pedro Nora
      A common feature of many duality results is that the involved equivalence functors are liftings of hom-functors into the two-element space resp. lattice. Due to this fact, we can only expect dualities for categories cogenerated by the two-element set with an appropriate structure. A prime example of such a situation is Stone's duality theorem for Boolean algebras and Boolean spaces, the latter being precisely those compact Hausdorff spaces which are cogenerated by the two-element discrete space. In this paper we aim for a systematic way of extending this duality theorem to categories including all compact Hausdorff spaces. To achieve this goal, we combine duality theory and quantale-enriched category theory. Our main idea is that, when passing from the two-element discrete space to a cogenerator of the category of compact Hausdorff spaces, all other involved structures should be substituted by corresponding enriched versions. Accordingly, we work with the unit interval [ 0 , 1 ] and present duality theory for ordered and metric compact Hausdorff spaces and (suitably defined) finitely cocomplete categories enriched in [ 0 , 1 ] .

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.010
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Highest weight theory for finite-dimensional graded algebras with
           triangular decomposition
    • Authors: Gwyn Bellamy; Ulrich Thiel
      Pages: 361 - 419
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Gwyn Bellamy, Ulrich Thiel
      We show that the category of graded modules over a finite-dimensional graded algebra admitting a triangular decomposition can be endowed with the structure of a highest weight category. When the algebra is self-injective, we show furthermore that this highest weight category has tilting modules in the sense of Ringel. This provides a new perspective on the representation theory of such algebras, and leads to several new structures attached to them. There are a wide variety of examples in algebraic Lie theory to which this applies: restricted enveloping algebras, Lusztig's small quantum groups, hyperalgebras, finite quantum groups, and restricted rational Cherednik algebras.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.011
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Rost nilpotence and étale motivic cohomology
    • Authors: Andreas Rosenschon; Anand Sawant
      Pages: 420 - 432
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Andreas Rosenschon, Anand Sawant
      A smooth projective scheme X over a field k is said to satisfy the Rost nilpotence principle if any endomorphism of X in the category of Chow motives that vanishes on an extension of the base field k is nilpotent. We show that an étale motivic analogue of the Rost nilpotence principle holds for all smooth projective schemes over a perfect field. This provides a new approach to the question of Rost nilpotence and allows us to obtain an elegant proof of Rost nilpotence for surfaces, as well as for birationally ruled threefolds over a field of characteristic 0.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.027
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Two-sided estimates of heat kernels of jump type Dirichlet forms
    • Authors: Alexander Grigor'yan; Eryan Hu; Jiaxin Hu
      Pages: 433 - 515
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Alexander Grigor'yan, Eryan Hu, Jiaxin Hu
      We prove necessary and sufficient conditions for stable-like estimates of the heat kernel for jump type Dirichlet forms on metric measure spaces. The conditions are given in terms of the volume growth function, jump kernel and a generalized capacity.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.025
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Variation of the Nazarov–Sodin constant for random plane waves and
           arithmetic random waves
    • Authors: Pär Kurlberg; Igor Wigman
      Pages: 516 - 552
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Pär Kurlberg, Igor Wigman
      This is a manuscript containing the full proofs of results announced in [10], together with some recent updates. We prove that the Nazarov–Sodin constant, which up to a natural scaling gives the leading order growth for the expected number of nodal components of a random Gaussian field, genuinely depends on the field. We then infer the same for “arithmetic random waves”, i.e. random toral Laplace eigenfunctions.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.026
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • On the energy landscape of spherical spin glasses
    • Authors: Antonio Auffinger; Wei-Kuo Chen
      Pages: 553 - 588
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Antonio Auffinger, Wei-Kuo Chen
      We investigate the energy landscape of the spherical mixed even p-spin model near its maximum energy. We relate the distance between pairs of near maxima to the support of the Parisi measure at zero temperature. We then provide an algebraic relation that characterizes one-step replica symmetric breaking Parisi measures. For these measures, we show that any two nonparallel spin configurations around the maximum energy are asymptotically orthogonal to each other. In sharp contrast, we study models with full replica symmetry breaking and show that all possible values of the asymptotic distance are attained near the maximum energy.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.028
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Full extremal process, cluster law and freezing for the two-dimensional
           discrete Gaussian Free Field
    • Authors: Marek Biskup; Oren Louidor
      Pages: 589 - 687
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Marek Biskup, Oren Louidor
      We study the local structure of the extremal process associated with the Discrete Gaussian Free Field (DGFF) in scaled-up (square-)lattice versions of bounded open planar domains subject to mild regularity conditions on the boundary. We prove that, in the scaling limit, this process tends to a Cox process decorated by independent, correlated clusters whose distribution is completely characterized. As an application, we control the scaling limit of the discrete supercritical Liouville measure, extract a Poisson–Dirichlet statistics for the limit of the Gibbs measure associated with the DGFF and establish the “freezing phenomenon” conjectured to occur in the “glassy” phase. In addition, we prove a local limit theorem for the position and value of the absolute maximum. The proofs are based on a concentric, finite-range decomposition of the DGFF and entropic-repulsion arguments for an associated random walk. Although we naturally build on our earlier work on this problem, the methods developed here are largely independent.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.02.018
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Nonlocal discrete diffusion equations and the fractional discrete
           Laplacian, regularity and applications
    • Authors: Óscar Ciaurri; Luz Roncal; Pablo Raúl Stinga; José L. Torrea; Juan Luis Varona
      Pages: 688 - 738
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Óscar Ciaurri, Luz Roncal, Pablo Raúl Stinga, José L. Torrea, Juan Luis Varona
      The analysis of nonlocal discrete equations driven by fractional powers of the discrete Laplacian on a mesh of size h > 0 ( − Δ h ) s u = f , for u , f : Z h → R , 0 < s < 1 , is performed. The pointwise nonlocal formula for ( − Δ h ) s u and the nonlocal discrete mean value property for discrete s-harmonic functions are obtained. We observe that a characterization of ( − Δ h ) s as the Dirichlet-to-Neumann operator for a semidiscrete degenerate elliptic local extension problem is valid. Regularity properties and Schauder estimates in discrete Hölder spaces as well as existence and uniqueness of solutions to the nonlocal Dirichlet problem are shown. For the latter, the fractional discrete Sobolev embedding and the fractional discrete Poincaré inequality are proved, which are of independent interest. We introduce the negative power (fundamental solution) u = ( − Δ h ) − s f , which can be seen as the Neumann-to-Dirichlet map for the semidiscrete extension problem. We then prove the discrete Hardy–Littlewood–Sobolev inequality for ( − Δ h ) − s . As applications, the convergence of our fractional discrete Laplacian to the (continuous) fractional Laplacian as h → 0 in Hölder spaces is analyzed. Indeed, uniform estimates for the error of the approximation in terms of h under minimal regularity assumptions are obtained. We finally prove that solutions to the Poisson problem for the fractional Laplacian ( − Δ ) s U = F , in R , can be approximated by solutions to the Dirichlet problem for our fractional discrete Laplacian, with explicit uniform error estimates in terms of h.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.023
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • New area-minimizing Lawson–Osserman cones
    • Authors: Xiaowei Xu; Ling Yang; Yongsheng Zhang
      Pages: 739 - 762
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Xiaowei Xu, Ling Yang, Yongsheng Zhang
      It has been 40 years since Lawson and Osserman introduced the three minimal cones associated with Dirichlet problems in their 1977 Acta paper [13]. The first cone was shown area-minimizing by Harvey and Lawson in the celebrated paper [10]. In this paper, we confirm that the other two are also area-minimizing. In fact, we show that every Lawson–Osserman cone of type ( n , p , 2 ) constructed in [26] is area-minimizing.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.021
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Upper bounds for s-distance sets and equiangular lines
    • Authors: Alexey Glazyrin; Wei-Hsuan Yu
      Pages: 810 - 833
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Alexey Glazyrin, Wei-Hsuan Yu
      The set of points in a metric space is called an s-distance set if pairwise distances between these points admit only s distinct values. Two-distance spherical sets with the set of scalar products { α , − α } , α ∈ [ 0 , 1 ) , are called equiangular. The problem of determining the maximum size of s-distance sets in various spaces has a long history in mathematics. We suggest a new method of bounding the size of an s-distance set in compact two-point homogeneous spaces via zonal spherical functions. This method allows us to prove that the maximum size of a spherical two-distance set in R n , n ≥ 7 , is n ( n + 1 ) 2 with possible exceptions for some n = ( 2 k + 1 ) 2 − 3 , k ∈ N . We also prove the universal upper bound ∼ 2 3 n a 2 for equiangular sets with α = 1 a and, employing this bound, prove a new upper bound on the size of equiangular sets in all dimensions. Finally, we classify all equiangular sets reaching this new bound.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.024
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Large global-in-time solutions to a nonlocal model of chemotaxis
    • Authors: Piotr Biler; Grzegorz Karch; Jacek Zienkiewicz
      Pages: 834 - 875
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Piotr Biler, Grzegorz Karch, Jacek Zienkiewicz
      We consider the parabolic–elliptic model for the chemotaxis with fractional (anomalous) diffusion. Global-in-time solutions are constructed under (nearly) optimal assumptions on the size of radial initial data. Moreover, criteria for blowup of radial solutions in terms of suitable Morrey spaces norms are derived.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.036
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Categorified skew Howe duality and comparison of knot homologies
    • Authors: Marco Mackaay; Ben Webster
      Pages: 876 - 945
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Marco Mackaay, Ben Webster
      In this paper, we show an isomorphism of homological knot invariants categorifying the Reshetikhin–Turaev invariants for sl n . Over the past decade, such invariants have been constructed in a variety of different ways, using matrix factorizations, category O , affine Grassmannians, and diagrammatic categorifications of tensor products. While the definitions of these theories are quite different, there is a key commonality between them which makes it possible to prove that they are all isomorphic: they arise from a skew Howe dual action of gl ℓ for some ℓ. In this paper, we show that the construction of knot homology based on categorifying tensor products (from earlier work of the second author) fits into this framework, and thus agrees with other such homologies, such as Khovanov–Rozansky homology. We accomplish this by categorifying the action of gl ℓ × gl n on ⋀ p ( C ℓ ⊗ C n ) using diagrammatic bimodules. In this action, the functors corresponding to gl ℓ and gl n are quite different in nature, but they will switch roles under Koszul duality.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.034
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Pointwise convergence of some multiple ergodic averages
    • Authors: Sebastián Donoso; Wenbo Sun
      Pages: 946 - 996
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Sebastián Donoso, Wenbo Sun
      We show that for every ergodic system ( X , μ , T 1 , … , T d ) with commuting transformations, the average 1 N d + 1 ∑ 0 ≤ n 1 , … , n d ≤ N − 1 ∑ 0 ≤ n ≤ N − 1 f 1 ( T 1 n ∏ j = 1 d T j n j x ) f 2 ( T 2 n ∏ j = 1 d T j n j x ) ⋯ f d ( T d n ∏ j = 1 d T j n j x ) converges for μ-a.e. x ∈ X as N → ∞ . If X is distal, we prove that the average 1 N ∑ n = 0 N − 1 f 1 ( T 1 n x ) f 2 ( T 2 n x ) ⋯ f d ( T d n x ) converges for μ-a.e. x ∈ X as N → ∞ . We also establish the pointwise convergence of averages along cubical configurations arising from a system with commuting transformations. Our methods combine the existence of sated and magic extensions introduced by Austin and Host respectively with ideas on topological models by Huang, Shao and Ye.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.022
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Algebraic differential equations from covering maps
    • Authors: Thomas Scanlon
      Pages: 1071 - 1100
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Thomas Scanlon
      Let Y be a complex algebraic variety, G ↷ Y an action of an algebraic group on Y, U ⊆ Y ( C ) a complex submanifold, Γ < G ( C ) a discrete, Zariski dense subgroup of G ( C ) which preserves U, and π : U → X ( C ) an analytic covering map of the complex algebraic variety X expressing X ( C ) as Γ \ U . We note that the theory of elimination of imaginaries in differentially closed fields produces a generalized Schwarzian derivative χ ˜ : Y → Z (where Z is some algebraic variety) expressing the quotient of Y by the action of the constant points of G. Under the additional hypothesis that the restriction of π to some set containing a fundamental domain is definable in an o-minimal expansion of the real field, we show as a consequence of the Peterzil–Starchenko o-minimal GAGA theorem that the prima facie differentially analytic relation χ : = χ ˜ ∘ π − 1 is a well-defined, differential constructible function. The function χ nearly inverts π in the sense that for any differential field K of meromorphic functions, if a , b ∈ X ( K ) then χ ( a ) = χ ( b ) if and only if after suitable restriction there is some γ ∈ G ( C ) with π ( γ ⋅ π − 1 ( a ) ) = b .

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2018.03.008
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • Free functional inequalities on the circle
    • Authors: Ionel Popescu
      Pages: 1101 - 1159
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Ionel Popescu
      In this paper we deal with free functional inequalities on the circle. There are some interesting changes from their classical counterparts. For example, the free Poincaré inequality has a slight change which seems to account for the lack of invariance under rotations of the base measure. Another instance is the modified Wasserstein distance on the circle which provides the tools for analyzing transportation, Log-Sobolev, and HWI inequalities. These new phenomena also indicate that they have classical counterparts, which does not seem to have been investigated thus far.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2017.10.021
      Issue No: Vol. 330 (2018)
  • On a measurable analogue of small topological full groups
    • Abstract: Publication date: 9 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 332
      Author(s): François Le Maître
      We initiate the study of a measurable analogue of small topological full groups that we call L 1 full groups. These groups are endowed with a Polish group topology which admits a natural complete right invariant metric. We mostly focus on L 1 full groups of measure-preserving Z -actions which are actually a complete invariant of flip conjugacy. We prove that for ergodic actions the closure of the derived group is topologically simple although it can fail to be simple. We also show that the closure of the derived group is connected, and that for measure-preserving free actions of non-amenable groups the closure of the derived group and the L 1 full group itself are never amenable. In the case of a measure-preserving ergodic Z -action, the closure of the derived group is shown to be the kernel of the index map. If such an action is moreover by homeomorphism on the Cantor space, we show that the topological full group is dense in the L 1 full group. Using Juschenko–Monod and Matui's results on topological full groups, we conclude that L 1 full groups of ergodic Z -actions are amenable as topological groups, and that they are topologically finitely generated if and only if the Z -action has finite entropy.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
  • Isometries of Grassmann spaces, II
    • Authors: Peter
      Abstract: Publication date: 9 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 332
      Author(s): György Pál Gehér, Peter Šemrl
      Botelho, Jamison, and Molnár [1], and Gehér and Šemrl [4] have recently described the general form of surjective isometries of Grassmann spaces of all projections of a fixed finite rank on a Hilbert space H. As a straightforward consequence one can characterize surjective isometries of Grassmann spaces of projections of a fixed finite corank. In this paper we solve the remaining structural problem for surjective isometries on the set P ∞ ( H ) of all projections of infinite rank and infinite corank when H is separable. The proof technique is entirely different from the previous ones and is based on the study of geodesics in the Grassmannian P ∞ ( H ) . However, the same method gives an alternative proof in the case of finite rank projections.

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
  • Rigidity of inversive distance circle packings revisited
    • Abstract: Publication date: 9 July 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 332
      Author(s): Xu Xu
      Inversive distance circle packing metric was introduced by P Bowers and K Stephenson [7] as a generalization of Thurston's circle packing metric [34]. They conjectured that the inversive distance circle packings are rigid. For nonnegative inversive distance, Guo [22] proved the infinitesimal rigidity and then Luo [27] proved the global rigidity. In this paper, based on an observation of Zhou [37], we prove this conjecture for inversive distance in ( − 1 , + ∞ ) by variational principles. We also study the global rigidity of a combinatorial curvature introduced in [14,16,19] with respect to the inversive distance circle packing metrics where the inversive distance is in ( − 1 , + ∞ ) .

      PubDate: 2018-05-31T11:10:48Z
  • Definability and almost disjoint families
    • Authors: Asger
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Asger Törnquist
      We show that there are no infinite maximal almost disjoint (“mad”) families in Solovay's model, thus solving a long-standing problem posed by A.R.D. Mathias in 1969. We also give a new proof of Mathias' theorem that no analytic infinite almost disjoint family can be maximal, and show more generally that if Martin's Axiom holds at κ < 2 ℵ 0 , then no κ-Souslin infinite almost disjoint family can be maximal. Finally we show that if ℵ 1 L [ a ] < ℵ 1 , then there are no Σ 2 1 [ a ] infinite mad families.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
  • Ranks of Maharam algebras
    • Authors: Boban
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): Žikica Perović, Boban Veličković
      Solving a well-known problem of Maharam, Talagrand [18] constructed an exhaustive non uniformly exhaustive submeasure, thus also providing the first example of a Maharam algebra that is not a measure algebra. To each exhaustive submeasure one can canonically assign a certain countable ordinal, its exhaustivity rank. In this paper, we use carefully constructed Schreier families and norms derived from them to provide examples of exhaustive submeasures of arbitrary high exhaustivity rank. This gives rise to uncountably many non isomorphic separable atomless Maharam algebras.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
  • Tensor product of modules over a vertex algebra
    • Authors: Liberati
      Abstract: Publication date: 25 May 2018
      Source:Advances in Mathematics, Volume 330
      Author(s): José I. Liberati
      We find a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of the tensor product of modules over a vertex algebra. We define the notion of vertex bilinear map and provide two algebraic constructions of the tensor product, where one of them is of ring theoretical type. We show the relation between tensor product and vertex homomorphisms. We prove commutativity of the tensor product. We also prove associativity of the tensor product of modules under certain necessary and sufficient condition. Finally, we show certain functorial properties of vertex homomorphism and the tensor product.

      PubDate: 2018-04-24T23:48:14Z
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