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  Subjects -> MATHEMATICS (Total: 955 journals)
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MATHEMATICS (706 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Academic Voices : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Materials Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Pure and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Algorithms Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Mathematical Monthly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access  
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales UMCS, Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ANZIAM Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Armenian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BIBECHANA     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
BoEM - Boletim online de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Australian Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
College Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combinatorics, Probability and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Combinatorics and Optimization     Open Access  
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Complexus     Full-text available via subscription  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Compositio Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Comptes Rendus Mathematique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Concrete Operators     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
Contributions to Game Theory and Management     Open Access  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal  
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Current Research in Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Demonstratio Mathematica     Open Access  
Dependence Modeling     Open Access  
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Differentsial'nye Uravneniya     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discussiones Mathematicae - General Algebra and Applications     Open Access  
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Diskretnaya Matematika     Full-text available via subscription  
Dnipropetrovsk University Mathematics Bulletin     Open Access  
Doklady Akademii Nauk     Open Access  
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Mathematical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Eco Matemático     Open Access  
Edited Series on Advances in Nonlinear Science and Complexity     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Differential Equations     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Graph Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Elemente der Mathematik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover Annals of Data Science
  [11 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2198-5804 - ISSN (Online) 2198-5812
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • A Novel Multiview Topic Model to Compute Correlation of Heterogeneous Data
    • Authors: Jinsheng Shen; Mingmin Chi
      Abstract: With fast development of Internet technologies and sensor techniques, it is much easier to acquire data from different sources in different dates and times. However, how to compute the correlation of those heterogeneous data is a big challenge for data mining and information retrieval. Here, data feature from one source is called as a view, and the multiview features denote the same data point. In the paper, hidden correlation of two-view features is proposed to construct a Heterogeneous (multiview) Topic Model (HTM). In particular, probabilistic topic model is utilized for different views as usually, generative models provide much richer features when handling high-dimensional data such as texts. Nevertheless, it is necessary to know the form of probability distribution for most existent probabilistic topic models, such as latent Dirichlet allocation. By avoiding the limitation of probabilistic topic model, the HTM is reduced to solving a non-negative matrix tri-factorization problem with certain constraints such that the proposed approach can be used in terms of an arbitrary model.
      PubDate: 2018-02-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-017-0135-y
  • Assessing Survival Time of Women with Cervical Cancer Using Various
           Parametric Frailty Models: A Case Study at Tikur Anbessa Specialized
           Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    • Authors: Selamawit Endale Gurmu
      Abstract: Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world and represents a tremendous burden on patients, families and societies. It is estimated that over one million women worldwide currently have cervical cancer; most of them have not been diagnosed or have no access to treatment that could cure them or prolong their lives. The goal of this study is to investigate potential risk factors affecting survival time of women with cervical cancer at Tikur Anbessa specialized hospital. Data were taken from patients’ medical record card that enrolled during September 2011–September 2015. Kaplan–Meier estimation method, Cox proportional hazard model and parametric shared frailty model were used to analysis survival time of cervical cancer patients. Study subjects (cervical cancer patients) in this study came from clustered community and hence clustered survival data correlated at the regional level. Parametric frailty models will be explored assuming that women with in the same cluster (region for this study) shares similar risk factors. We used Exponential, Weibull, Log logistics and Log normal distributions and based on AIC criteria, all models were compared for their performance. The lognormal inverse Gaussian model has the minimum AIC value among the models compared. The results implied that not giving birth up to the study ends and married after twenty years were significantly prolong the survival time of patients while age class 51–60, 61–70, > 70, smoking cigarettes, patients with stage III and IV disease, family history of cervical cancer, history of abortion and living with HIV AIDS were significantly shorten survival time of patients. The findings of this study suggested that age, smoking cigarettes, stage, family history, abortion history, living with HIV AIDS, age at first marriage and age at first birth were major factors to survival time of patients. Heterogeneity between the regions in the survival time of cervical cancer patients, indicating that one needs to account for this clustering variable using frailty models. The fit statistics showed that lognormal inverse-Gaussian frailty model described the survival time of cervical cancer patients dataset better than other distributions used in this study.
      PubDate: 2018-02-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-018-0150-7
  • Build a Tourism-Specific Sentiment Lexicon Via Word2vec
    • Authors: Wei Li; Luyao Zhu; Kun Guo; Yong Shi; Yuanchun Zheng
      Abstract: Online travel and online travel culture developed fast in China recently years while useful knowledge still hidden under a large number of tourism reviews. Therefore, we need effective sentiment analysis methods to mine useful knowledge which can help tourism websites make decisions and improve their travel products. Some data-driven sentiment lexicons have poor performance on sentiment polarity classification due to lack of semantic information. Thus, we propose an effective and more proper data-driven sentiment lexicon construction method incorporating manually labeled sentiment scores, semantic similarity information that is introduced by machine learning method word2vec. Experimental results demonstrate that our method improves the performance of tourism sentiment analysis significantly.
      PubDate: 2018-02-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-017-0130-3
  • User Data Can Tell Defaulters in P2P Lending
    • Authors: Jackson J. Mi; Tianxiao Hu; Luke Deer
      Abstract: Online peer-to-peer (P2P) lending service is a new type of financial platforms that enables individuals borrow and lend money directly from one to another. As P2P lending service is rapidly developing, a number of rating systems of borrowers’ creditworthiness are published by different P2P lending companies. However, whether these rating systems could truly reflect the creditworthiness and loan risk of borrowers is unconfirmed. In this paper, we analyzed the differences between credit levels and users’ distribution of CPLP to evaluate if the credit levels can truly reflect the borrowers’ credit. We used soft factors to establish a model that can find borrowers who are likely to default. Further, we proposed some strategies to construct and improve the risk-control of P2P lending platforms according to the result of our research.
      PubDate: 2018-02-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-017-0134-z
  • Enhancing Situation Awareness Using Semantic Web Technologies and Complex
           Event Processing
    • Authors: Havva Alizadeh Noughabi; Mohsen Kahani; Alireza Shakibamanesh
      Abstract: Data fusion techniques combine raw data of multiple sources and collect associated data to achieve more specific inferences than what could be attained with a single source. Situational awareness is one of the levels of the JDL, a matured information fusion model. The aim of situational awareness is to understand the developing relationships of interests between entities within a specific time and space. The present research shows how semantic web technologies, i.e. ontology and semantic reasoner, can be used to describe situations and increase awareness of the situation. As the situation awareness level receives data streams from numerous distributed sources, it is necessary to manage data streams by applying data stream processor engines such as Esper. In addition, in this research, complex event processing, a technique for achieving related situational in real-time, has been used, whose main aim is to generate actionable abstractions from event streams, automatically. The proposed approach combines Complex Event Processing and semantic web technologies to achieve better situational awareness. To show the functionality of the proposed approach in practice, some simple examples are discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-02-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-018-0148-1
  • A New Family of Generalized Distributions Based on Alpha Power
           Transformation with Application to Cancer Data
    • Authors: M. Nassar; A. Alzaatreh; O. Abo-Kasem; M. Mead; M. Mansoor
      Abstract: In this paper, we propose a new method for generating distributions based on the idea of alpha power transformation introduced by Mahdavi and Kundu (Commun Stat Theory Methods 46(13):6543–6557, 2017). The new method can be applied to any distribution by inverting its quantile function as a function of alpha power transformation. We apply the proposed method to the Weibull distribution to obtain a three-parameter alpha power within Weibull quantile function. The new distribution possesses a very flexible density and hazard rate function shapes which are very useful in cancer research. The hazard rate function can be increasing, decreasing, bathtub or upside down bathtub shapes. We derive some general properties of the proposed distribution including moments, moment generating function, quantile and Shannon entropy. The maximum likelihood estimation method is used to estimate the parameters. We illustrate the applicability of the proposed distribution to complete and censored cancer data sets.
      PubDate: 2018-02-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-018-0144-5
  • $$\ell _1$$ ℓ 1 -Norm Based Central Point Analysis for Asymmetric Radial
    • Authors: Qi An; Shu-Cherng Fang; Tiantian Nie; Shan Jiang
      Abstract: Multivariate asymmetric radial data clouds with irregularly positioned “spokes” and “clutters” are commonly seen in real life applications. In identifying the spoke directions of such data, a key initial step is to locate a central point from which each spoke extends and diverges. In this technical note, we propose a novel method that features a preselection procedure to screen out candidate points that have sufficiently many data points in the vicinity and identifies the central point by solving an \(\ell _1\) -norm constrained discrete optimization program. Extensive numerical experiments show that the proposed method is capable of providing central points with superior accuracy and robustness compared with other known methods and is computationally efficient for implementation.
      PubDate: 2018-01-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-018-0147-2
  • Collective Anomaly Detection Techniques for Network Traffic Analysis
    • Authors: Mohiuddin Ahmed
      Abstract: In certain cyber-attack scenarios, such as flooding denial of service attacks, the data distribution changes significantly. This forms a collective anomaly, where some similar kinds of normal data instances appear in abnormally large numbers. Since they are not rare anomalies, existing anomaly detection techniques cannot properly identify them. This paper investigates detecting this behaviour using the existing clustering and co-clustering based techniques and utilizes the network traffic modelling technique via Hurst parameter to propose a more effective algorithm combining clustering and Hurst parameter. Experimental analysis reflects that the proposed Hurst parameter-based technique outperforms existing collective and rare anomaly detection techniques in terms of detection accuracy and false positive rates. The experimental results are based on benchmark datasets such as KDD Cup 1999 and UNSW-NB15 datasets.
      PubDate: 2018-01-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-018-0149-0
  • Region Based Instance Document (RID) Approach Using Compression Features
           for Authorship Attribution
    • Authors: N. V. Ganapathi Raju; Someswara Rao Chinta
      Authors hip attribution is concerned with identifying authors of disputed or anonymous documents, which are potentially conspicuous in legal, criminal/civil cases, threatening letters and terroristic communications also in computer forensics. There are two basic approaches for authorship attribution one is instance based (treat each training text individually) and the other is profile based (treat each training text cumulatively). Both of these methods have their own advantages and disadvantages. The present paper proposes a new region based document model for authorship identification, to address the dimensionality problem of instance based approaches and scalability problem of profile based approaches. The proposed model concatenates a set of individual ‘n’ instance documents of the author as a single region based instance document (RID). On the RID compression based similarity distance method is used. The compression based methods requires no pre-processing and easy to apply. This paper uses Gzip compression algorithm with two compression based similarity measures NCD, CDM. The proposed compression model is character based and it can automatically capture easily non word features such as word stems, punctuations etc. The only disadvantage of compression models is complexity is high. The proposed RID approach addresses this issue by reducing the repeated words in the document. The present approach is experimented on English editorial columns. We achieved approximately 98% of accuracy in identifying the author.
      PubDate: 2018-01-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-018-0145-4
  • Analysis of Prevalence of Malaria and Anemia Using Bivariate Probit Model
    • Authors: Senayit Seyoum
      Abstract: Malaria and anemia are public health problems that have an impact on social and economic development. Malaria causes 70,000 deaths each year and accounts for 17% of outpatient visits to health institutions. It is one of the causes of anemia. Therefore, knowing the relation between malaria and anemia could have a great contribution to the development of prevention strategies. This study is intended to jointly model the prevalence of malaria and anemia by employing a bivariate probit model and show their relationship. The data was obtained from 384 patients visiting Alaba health center. The results of the bivariate probit model shows that sex, age, education level and marital status are significantly associated with malaria and sex and education level are significantly associated with anemia. The results of the seemingly unrelated bivariate probit model shows that sex, education level, age and marital status are significantly determining the prevalence of malaria, and malaria, sex and education level are significantly determining the prevalence of anemia.
      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-018-0138-3
  • Development of Optimal ANN Model to Estimate the Thermal Performance of
           Roughened Solar Air Heater Using Two different Learning Algorithms
    • Authors: Harish Kumar Ghritlahre; Radha Krishna Prasad
      Abstract: In the present study, artificial neural network (ANN) model has been developed with two different training algorithms to predict the thermal efficiency of wire rib roughened solar air heater. Total 50 sets of data have been taken from experiments with three different types of absorber plate. The experimental data and calculated values of collector efficiency were used to develop ANN model. Scaled conjugate gradient (SCG) and Levenberg–Marquardt (LM) learning algorithms were used. It has been found that TRAINLM with 6 neurons and TRAINSCG with 7 neurons is optimal model on the basis of statistical error analysis. The performance of both the models have been compared with actual data and found that TRAINLM performs better than TRAINSCG. The value of coefficient of determination \((\hbox {R}^{2})\) for LM-6 is 0.99882 which gives the satisfactory performance. Learning algorithm with LM based proposed MLP ANN model seems more reliable for predicting performance of solar air heater.
      PubDate: 2018-01-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-018-0146-3
  • A Family of Generalised Beta Distributions: Properties and Applications
    • Authors: Emilio Gómez-Déniz; José María Sarabia
      Abstract: A family of continuous distributions with bounded support, which is a generalisation of the standard beta distribution, is introduced. We study some basic properties of the new family and simulation experiments are performed to observe the behaviour of the maximum likelihood estimators. We also derive a multivariate version of the proposed distributions. Three numerical experiments were performed to determine the flexibility of the new family of distributions in comparison with other extensions of the beta distribution that have been proposed. In this respect, the new family was found to be superior.
      PubDate: 2018-01-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-018-0143-6
  • Classifying Categories of SCADA Attacks in a Big Data Framework
    • Authors: Krishna Madhuri Paramkusem; Ramazan S. Aygun
      Abstract: The supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems monitor and control industrial control systems in many industrial and economic sectors such as water treatment, power plants, railroads, and gas pipelines. The integration of SCADA systems with the internet and corporate enterprise networks for various economical reasons exposes SCADA systems to attacks by hackers who could remotely exploit and gain access to SCADA systems to damage the infrastructure and thereby harming people’s lives. The simplicity of datasets and possible overfitting of models to training data are some of the issues in the previous research. In this paper, we present detecting and classifying malicious command and response packets in a SCADA network by analyzing attribute differences and history of packets using k-means clustering. This study presents a solution to classify SCADA cyber attacks to detect and classify SCADA attacks with high accuracy using a big data framework that comprises of Apache Hadoop and Apache Mahout. Apache Mahout’s random forest classification algorithm is applied on SCADA’s gas pipeline dataset to categorize attacks. When 70% of the data is used for training the classifier, our approach resulted in 5–17% improvement in accuracy for the classification of read response attacks and 2–8% improvement in accuracy for write command attacks with respect to using the original dataset.
      PubDate: 2018-01-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-018-0141-8
  • On Some Further Properties and Application of Weibull- R Family of
    • Authors: Indranil Ghosh; Saralees Nadarajah
      Abstract: In this paper, we provide some new results for the Weibull-R family of distributions (Alzaghal et al. in Int J Stat Probab 5:139–149, 2016). We derive some new structural properties of the Weibull-R family of distributions. We provide various characterizations of the family via conditional moments, some functions of order statistics and via record values.
      PubDate: 2018-01-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-018-0142-7
  • Ranking of Classification Algorithms in Terms of Mean–Standard
           Deviation Using A-TOPSIS
    • Authors: André G. C. Pacheco; Renato A. Krohling
      Abstract: In classification problems when multiple algorithms are applied to different benchmarks a difficult issue arises, i.e., how can we rank the algorithms' In machine learning, it is common to run the algorithms several times and then a statistic is calculated in terms of means and standard deviations. In order to compare the performance of the algorithms, it is very common to employ statistical tests. However, these tests may also present limitations, since they consider only the means and not the standard deviations of the obtained results. In this paper, we present the so-called A-TOPSIS, based on Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS), to solve the problem of ranking and comparing classification algorithms in terms of means and standard deviations. We use two case studies to illustrate the A-TOPSIS for ranking classification algorithms and the results show the suitability of A-TOPSIS to rank the algorithms. The presented approach can be applied to compare the performance of stochastic algorithms in machine learning. Lastly, to encourage researchers to use the A-TOPSIS for ranking algorithms, we also presented in this work an easy-to-use A-TOPSIS web framework.
      PubDate: 2018-01-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-018-0136-5
  • A New Approach for Improving Classification Accuracy in Predictive
           Discriminant Analysis
    • Authors: A. Iduseri; J. E. Osemwenkhae
      Abstract: The focus of a predictive discriminant analysis is to improve classification accuracy, and to obtain statistically optimal classification accuracy or hit rate is still a challenge due to the inherent variability of most real life dataset. Improving classification accuracy is usually achieved with best subset of relevant predictors obtained by using classical variable selection methods. The goal of variable selection methods is to choose the best subset (or training sample) of relevant variables that typically reduces the complexity of a model and makes it easier to interpret, improves the classification accuracy of the model and reduces the training time. However, a statistically optimal hit rate can be achieved if the training sample meets a near optimal condition by resolving any significant differences in the variances for the groups formed by the dependent variable. This paper proposes a new approach for obtaining a near optimal training sample that will produce a statistically optimal hit rate using a modified winsorization with graphical diagnostic. In application to real life data sets, the proposed new approach was able to identify and remove legitimate contaminants in one or more predictors in the training sample, thereby resolving any significant differences in the variances for the groups formed by the dependent variable. The graphical diagnostic associated with the new approach, however, provides a useful visual tool which served as an alternative graphical test for homogeneity of variances.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-018-0140-9
  • Operational Loss Data Collection: A Literature Review
    • Authors: Lu Wei; Jianping Li; Xiaoqian Zhu
      Abstract: This paper is the first to provide a comprehensive overview of the worldwide operational loss data collection exercises (LDCEs) of internal loss, external loss, scenario analysis and business environment and internal control factors (BEICFs). Based on analyzing operational risk-related articles from 2002 to March 2017 and surveying a large amount of other information, various sources of operational risk data are classified into five types, i.e. individual banks, regulatory authorities, consortia of financial institutions, commercial vendors and researchers. Then by reviewing operational risk databases from these five data sources, we summarized and described 32 internal databases, 26 external databases, 7 scenario databases and 1 BEICFs database. We also find that compared with developing countries, developed countries have performed relatively better in operational risk LDCEs. Besides, the two subjective data elements of scenario analysis and BEICFs are less used than the two objective data elements of internal and external loss data in operational risk estimation.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-018-0139-2
  • Cardiopulmonary Function Monitoring Based on MEWMA Control Chart
    • Authors: Hongxia Zhang; Liu Liu; Jin Yue; Xin Lai
      Abstract: According to the characteristics of parameters of cardiopulmonary function diversity and change slowly in pathology, we apply the multivariate exponentially weighted moving average (MEWMA) control chart to monitor the state of lungs. This paper aimed at five indicators of cardiopulmonary function, using principal component test to diagnose whether it is from the multivariate normal distribution, Clearing the relationship model of control line and weight coefficient of MEWMA control graph, and drawing the control diagram for monitoring. The process stay in control state before 103 observations, however, beyond the control limit from the 104 observation statistics and give an alarm. This means that there is a problem with the cardiopulmonary starting on the 103rd sample. Control chart has a good warning function because it can raise the alarm before cardiopulmonary function has a big problem. Using MEWMA control chart for monitoring can reduce the cost of medical examination and frequency, it can improve the hospital resource utilization rate and confirm the case. Thus we can avoid missing the best treatment time.
      PubDate: 2018-01-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-018-0137-4
  • How China Deals with Big Data
    • Authors: Yong Shi; Zhiguang Shan; Jianping Li; Yufei Fang
      Pages: 433 - 440
      Abstract: On September 5, 2015, the State Council of Chinese Government, China’s cabinet formally announced its Action Framework for Promoting Big Data (, 2015). This is the milestone for China to catch up the global wave of big data. Since 2012 big data became a hot issue for scientific communities as well as the governments of many countries (Lazer et al. in Science 343:1203–1205, 2014; Einav et al. in Science 345:715, 2014; Cate in Science 346:818, 2014; Khoury and Ioannidis in Science 346:1054–1055, 2014). At the 2013 G8 Summit, the leaders of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, U.S.A. and United Kingdom agreed on an “open government plan” (, 2013). China’s framework, however, mainly emphasizes the integration of all trans-departmental data and establishes a number of government-driven national big data platforms so as to provide big data services to research, public and enterprises. The framework not only demonstrates a strong commitment of the Chinese government on big data, but also covers a wide range of governmental branches, enterprises and institutions far more than that of other countries. In addition, the framework shows an interpretation of big data that differs from other countries. If its objective is achieved, China would become a strong “big data country”.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-017-0129-9
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 4 (2017)
  • Hardware Implementation of Bone Fracture Detector Using Fuzzy Method Along
           with Local Normalization Technique
    • Authors: Abdullah-Al Nahid; Tariq M. Khan; Yinan Kong
      Abstract: Bone fracture detection from the digital image segmentation is a well-known image processing application which is frequently used to process biomedical images. Hardware realization of different image processing algorithm specially utilizing Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) has been gained a great interest among the researchers. FPGA has many significant features like spatial and temporal parallelism that best suits for real-time implementation of image processing. To gain the benefit from these characteristics of a FPGA, a new method for bone fracture detection is proposed and its performance is validated through real-time implementation. Simulation results show that the proposed method give superior performance than the existing method.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s40745-017-0118-z
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