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MATHEMATICS (656 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Academic Voices : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Materials Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Pure and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Algorithms Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Mathematical Monthly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access  
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales UMCS, Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Network Science     Open Access  
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access  
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BIBECHANA     Open Access  
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
BoEM - Boletim online de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
College Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Complexus     Full-text available via subscription  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Comptes Rendus Mathematique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Concrete Operators     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal  
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Demonstratio Mathematica     Open Access  
Dependence Modeling     Open Access  
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discrete Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dnipropetrovsk University Mathematics Bulletin     Open Access  
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Mathematical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Edited Series on Advances in Nonlinear Science and Complexity     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Graph Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Elemente der Mathematik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Energy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Ensino da Matemática em Debate     Open Access  
Entropy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ESAIM: Control Optimisation and Calculus of Variations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Combinatorics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Experimental Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expositiones Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Mathematics and Informatics     Open Access  
Fasciculi Mathematici     Open Access  
Finite Fields and Their Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Fixed Point Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover Advances in Difference Equations
  [SJR: 0.647]   [H-I: 25]   [1 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1687-1839 - ISSN (Online) 1687-1847
   Published by SpringerOpen Homepage  [225 journals]
  • Global analysis of a new nonlinear stochastic differential competition
           system with impulsive effect

    • Abstract: Abstract We propose a new stochastic competition chemostat system with saturated growth rate and impulsive toxicant input. The main purpose of this paper is to study the stochastic dynamics of a high-dimensional impulsive stochastic chemostat model and find the threshold between persistence and extinction for the impulsive stochastic chemostat system. First, we investigate the stability of the periodic solution of a deterministic impulsive chemostat model and obtain the threshold between persistence and extinction for the system. Second, by using qualitative analysis method of impulsive stochastic differential equations, we obtain conditions for the extinction and persistence in mean of two microorganisms in the stochastic chemostat model. The results show that a stochastic disturbance or the impulsive effect can cause the microorganisms to go to extinction. Finally, we provide some examples together with numerical simulations to illustrate the analytical results and explain the biological implications.
      PubDate: 2017-09-22
  • Fractional-order model for biocontrol of the lesser date moth in palm
           trees and its discretization

    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, a fractional-order model of palm trees, the lesser date moth and the predator is presented. Existence conditions of the local asymptotic stability of the equilibrium points of the fractional system are analyzed. We prove that the positive equilibrium point is globally stable also. The numerical simulations come to illustrate the dynamical behaviors of the model such as bifurcation and chaos phenomenon, and the numerical simulations confirm the validity of our theoretical results.
      PubDate: 2017-09-21
  • Stability analysis of a discrete competitive system with nonlinear
           interinhibition terms

    • Abstract: Abstract We propose and study a discrete competitive system of the following form: $$\begin{aligned} &x_{1}(n+1)=x_{1}(n)\exp{\biggl[r_{1}-a_{1}x_{1}(n)- \frac {b_{1}x_{2}(n)}{1+c_{2}x_{2}(n)}\biggr]}, \\ &x_{2}(n+1)=x_{2}(n)\exp{\biggl[r_{2}-a_{2}x_{2}(n)- \frac {b_{2}x_{1}(n)}{1+c_{1}x_{1}(n)}\biggr]}. \end{aligned}$$ We obtain some conditions for the local stability of the equilibria. Using the iterative method and the comparison principle of a difference equation, we also obtain a set of sufficient conditions that ensure the global stability of the interior equilibrium. Numeric simulations show the feasibility of the main results. Our results supplement and complement some known results.
      PubDate: 2017-09-20
  • Existence and blowup of solutions for the modified Klein-Gordon-Zakharov
           equations for plasmas with a quantum correction

    • Abstract: Abstract This paper studies the existence and blowup of solutions for the modified Klein-Gordon-Zakharov equations for plasmas with a quantum correction, which describe the interaction between high frequency Langmuir waves and low frequency ion-acoustic waves in a plasma considering the quantum effects. Firstly the existence and uniqueness of the local smooth solutions are obtained by the a priori estimates and the Galerkin method. Secondly, and what is more, by introducing some auxiliary functionals and invariant manifolds, the authors study and derive a sharp threshold for the global existence and blowup of solutions by applying potential well argument and the concavity method. Furthermore, two more specific conditions of how small the initial data are for the solutions to exist globally are concluded by the dilation transformation.
      PubDate: 2017-09-19
  • Oscillations of differential equations generated by several deviating

    • Abstract: Abstract Sufficient conditions, involving limsup and liminf, for the oscillation of all solutions of differential equations with several not necessarily monotone deviating arguments and nonnegative coefficients are established. Corresponding differential equations of both delayed and advanced type are studied. We illustrate the results and the improvement over other known oscillation criteria by examples, numerically solved in MATLAB.
      PubDate: 2017-09-19
  • Numerical analysis for the Klein-Gordon equation with mass parameter

    • Abstract: Abstract A numerical analysis of the well-known linear partial differential equation describing the relativistic wave is presented in this work. Three different operators of fractional differentiation with power law, exponential decay law and Mittag-Leffler law are employed to extend the Klein-Gordon equation with mass parameter to the concept of fractional differentiation. The three models are solved numerically. The stability and the convergence of the numerical schemes are investigated in detail.
      PubDate: 2017-09-16
  • Qualitative behaviors of the high-order Lorenz-Stenflo chaotic system
           arising in mathematical physics describing the atmospheric
           acoustic-gravity waves

    • Abstract: Abstract The boundedness of chaotic systems plays an important role in investigating the stability of the equilibrium, estimating the Lyapunov dimension of attractors, the Hausdorff dimension of attractors, the existence of periodic solutions, chaos control, and chaos synchronization. However, as far as the authors know, there are only a few papers dealing with bounds of high-order chaotic systems due to their complex algebraic structure. To sort this out, in this paper, we study the bounds of a high-order Lorenz-Stenflo system arising in mathematical physics. Based on Lyapunov stability theory, we show that there exists a globally exponential attractive set for this system. The innovation of the paper is that we not only prove that this system is globally bounded for all the parameters, but also give a family of mathematical expressions of global exponential attractive sets of this system with respect to its parameters. We also study some other dynamical characteristics of this chaotic system such as invariant sets and chaotic behaviors. To justify the theoretical analysis, we carry out detailed numerical simulations.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15
  • Mathematical modeling of infectious disease transmission in macroalgae

    • Abstract: Abstract Understanding the infectious diseases outbreak of algae can provide significant knowledge for disease control intervention and/or prevention. We consider here a disease caused by highly pathogenic organisms that can result in the death of algae. Even though a great deal of understanding about diseases of algae has been reached, studies concerning effects of the outbreak at the population level are still rare. For this reason, we computationally model an outbreak in the algae reservoir or container systems consisting of several patches or clusters of algae being infected with a contagious infectious disease. We computationally investigate the systems as well as make some predictions via the deterministic SEIR epidemic model. We consider the factors that could affect the spread of the disease including the number of patches, the size of initial infected population, the distance between patches or spatial range, and the basic reproduction number ( \(R_{0}\) ). The results provide some information that may be beneficial to algae disease control, intervention or prevention.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15
  • Discrete Schrödinger equations in the nonperiodic and superlinear
           cases: homoclinic solutions

    • Abstract: Abstract Using variational methods, we study the existence and multiplicity of homoclinic solutions for a class of discrete Schrödinger equations in infinite m-dimensional lattices with nonlinearities being superlinear at infinity. Our results generalize some existing results in the literature by using some weaker conditions.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15
  • A general class of noninstantaneous impulsive fractional differential
           inclusions in Banach spaces

    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper we introduce the concept of a PC-mild solution to a general new class of noninstantaneous impulsive fractional differential inclusions involving the generalized Caputo derivative with the lower bound at zero in infinite dimensional Banach spaces. Using the formula of a PC-mild solution, we give two classes of sufficient conditions to guarantee the existence of PC-mild solutions via fixed point theorems for multivalued functions. Also we characterize the compactness of the solution set. We introduce the concept of generalized Ulam-Hyers stability and present a generalized Ulam-Hyers stability result using multivalued weakly Picard operator theory. Examples are given to illustrate the theoretical results.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15
  • An exponential B-spline collocation method for the fractional
           sub-diffusion equation

    • Abstract: Abstract In this article, we propose an exponential B-spline approach to obtain approximate solutions for the fractional sub-diffusion equation of Caputo type. The presented method is established via a uniform nodal collocation strategy by using an exponential B-spline based interpolation in conjunction with an effective finite difference scheme in time. The unique solvability is rigorously proved. The unconditional stability is well illustrated via a procedure closely resembling the classic von Neumann technique. A series of numerical examples are carried out, and by contrast to other algorithms available in the open literature, numerical results confirm the validity and superiority of our method.
      PubDate: 2017-09-13
  • Unconditional stable numerical techniques for a water-quality model in a
           non-uniform flow stream

    • Abstract: Abstract Two mathematical models are used to simulate water quality in a non-uniform flow stream. The first model is the hydrodynamic model that provides the velocity field and the water elevation. The second model is an advection-diffusion-reaction model that provides the pollutant concentration field. Both models are formulated as one-dimensional equations. The traditional Crank-Nicolson method is also used in the hydrodynamic model. At each step, the flow velocity fields calculated from the first model are the inputs into the second model. A new fourth-order scheme and a Saulyev scheme are simultaneously employed in the second model. This paper proposes a remarkably simple alteration to the fourth-order method so as to make it more accurate without any significant loss of computational efficiency. The results obtained indicate that the proposed new fourth-order scheme, coupled to the Saulyev method, does improve the prediction accuracy compared to that of the traditional methods.
      PubDate: 2017-09-13
  • Integral spectral Tchebyshev approach for solving space Riemann-Liouville
           and Riesz fractional advection-dispersion problems

    • Abstract: Abstract The principal aim of this paper is to analyze and implement two numerical algorithms for solving two kinds of space fractional linear advection-dispersion problems. The proposed numerical solutions are spectral and they are built on assuming the approximate solutions to be certain double shifted Tchebyshev basis. The two typical collocation and Petrov-Galerkin spectral methods are applied to obtain the desired numerical solutions. The special feature of the two proposed methods is that their applications enable one to reduce, through integration, the fractional problem under investigation into linear systems of algebraic equations, which can be efficiently solved via any suitable solver. The convergence and error analysis of the double shifted Tchebyshev basis are carefully investigated, aiming to illustrate the correctness and feasibility of the proposed double expansion. Finally, the efficiency, applicability, and high accuracy of the suggested algorithms are demonstrated by presenting some numerical examples accompanied with comparisons with some other existing techniques discussed in the literature.
      PubDate: 2017-09-13
  • Existence of positive mild solutions for a class of fractional evolution
           equations on the half line

    • Abstract: The equivalent integral equation of a new form for a class of fractional evolution equations is obtained by the method of Laplace transform, which is different from those given in the existing literature. By the monotone iterative method without the assumption of lower and upper solutions, we present some new results on the existence of positive mild solutions for the abstract fractional evolution equations on the half-line.
      PubDate: 2017-09-12
  • Generalized finite difference/spectral Galerkin approximations for the
           time-fractional telegraph equation

    • Abstract: Abstract We discuss the numerical solution of the time-fractional telegraph equation. The main purpose of this work is to construct and analyze stable and high-order scheme for solving the time-fractional telegraph equation efficiently. The proposed method is based on a generalized finite difference scheme in time and Legendre spectral Galerkin method in space. Stability and convergence of the method are established rigorously. We prove that the temporal discretization scheme is unconditionally stable and the numerical solution converges to the exact one with order \(\mathcal {O}(\tau^{2-\alpha}+N^{1-\omega})\) , where \(\tau, N \) , and ω are the time step size, polynomial degree, and regularity of the exact solution, respectively. Numerical experiments are carried out to verify the theoretical claims.
      PubDate: 2017-09-12
  • The roles of maturation delay and vaccination on the spread of Dengue
           virus and optimal control

    • Abstract: Abstract A mathematical model of Dengue virus transmission between mosquitoes and humans, incorporating a control strategy of imperfect vaccination and vector maturation delay, is proposed in this paper. By using some analytical skills, we obtain the threshold conditions for the global attractiveness of two disease-free equilibria and prove the existence of a positive equilibrium for this model. Further, we investigate the sensitivity analysis of threshold conditions. Additionally, using the Pontryagin maximum principle, we obtain the optimal control strategy for the disease. Finally, numerical simulations are delivered to verify the correctness of the theoretical results, the feasibility of a vaccination control strategy, and the influences of the controlling parameters on the control and elimination of this disease. Theoretical results and numerical simulations show that the vaccination rate and effectiveness of vaccines are two key factors for the control of Dengue spread, and the manufacture of the Dengue vaccine is also architecturally significant.
      PubDate: 2017-09-12
  • Local uniqueness of positive solutions for a coupled system of fractional
           differential equations with integral boundary conditions

    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we study a coupled system of fractional boundary value problems subject to integral boundary conditions. By applying a recent fixed point theorem in ordered Banach spaces, we investigate the local existence and uniqueness of positive solutions for the coupled system. We show that the unique positive solution can be found in a product set, and that it can be approximated by constructing iterative sequences for any given initial point of the product set. As an application, an interesting example is presented to illustrate our main result.
      PubDate: 2017-09-12
  • An effective collocation technique to solve the singular Fredholm integral
           equations with Cauchy kernel

    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, an effective numerical method to solve the Cauchy type singular Fredholm integral equations (CSFIEs) of the first kind is proposed. The collocation technique based on Bernstein polynomials is used for approximation the solution of various cases of CSFIEs. By transforming the problem into systems of linear algebraic equations, we see that this approach is computationally simple and attractive. Then the approximate solution of the problem in truncated series form is obtained by using the matrix form of this method. Convergence and error analyses of the presented method are mentioned. Finally, numerical experiments show the validity, accuracy, and efficiency of the proposed method.
      PubDate: 2017-09-12
  • Bounded and periodic solutions to the linear first-order difference
           equation on the integer domain

    • Abstract: Abstract The existence of bounded solutions to the linear first-order difference equation on the set of all integers is studied. Some sufficient conditions for the existence of solutions converging to zero when \(n\to -\infty\) , as well as when \(n\to+\infty\) , are also given. For the case when the coefficients of the equation are periodic, the long-term behavior of non-periodic solutions is studied.
      PubDate: 2017-09-12
  • The modified two-dimensional Toda lattice with self-consistent sources

    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we derive the Grammian determinant solutions to the modified two-dimensional Toda lattice, and then we construct the modified two-dimensional Toda lattice with self-consistent sources via the source generation procedure. We show the integrability of the modified two-dimensional Toda lattice with self-consistent sources by presenting its Casoratian and Grammian structure of the N-soliton solution. It is also demonstrated that the commutativity between the source generation procedure and Bäcklund transformation is valid for the two-dimensional Toda lattice.
      PubDate: 2017-09-11
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