Subjects -> MATHEMATICS (Total: 1118 journals)
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MATHEMATICS (819 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Operator Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AKSIOMATIK : Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Qadisiyah Journal for Computer Science and Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AL-Rafidain Journal of Computer Sciences and Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Algorithms Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Mathematical and Management Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Mathematical Monthly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access  
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Anargya : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio A – Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Functional Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics and Computer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ANZIAM Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Armenian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Research Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Banach Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BIBECHANA     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biomath     Open Access  
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
British Journal for the History of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Series: Physics and Mathematics     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Australian Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Cadernos do IME : Série Matemática     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Mathematics / Journal canadien de mathématiques     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Canadian Mathematical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CODEE Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
College Mathematics Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combinatorics, Probability and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Advanced Mathematical Sciences     Open Access  
Communications in Combinatorics and Optimization     Open Access  
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Compositio Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Comptes Rendus : Mathematique     Open Access  
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational and Mathematical Methods     Hybrid Journal  
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
Constructive Mathematical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Discrete Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Game Theory and Management     Open Access  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Current Research in Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Daya Matematis : Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Desimal : Jurnal Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

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Journal Cover
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.403
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1748-670X - ISSN (Online) 1748-6718
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [343 journals]
  • Association of Lower Extremity Vascular Disease, Coronary Artery, and
           Carotid Artery Atherosclerosis in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    • Abstract: The motive of this article is to present the case study of patients to investigate the association between the ultrasonographic findings of lower extremity vascular disease (LEAD) and plaque formation. Secondly, to examine the association between the formation of coronary artery and carotid artery atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. 124 patients with type 2 diabetes (64 males and 60 females with the age group 25-78 years) are considered for the research studies who have registered themselves in the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism from April 2017 to February 2019. All participants have reported their clinical information regarding diabetes, alcohol consumption, smoking status, and medication. The blood samples from subjects are collected for measurement of HbA1c, total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-c, and LDL-c levels. Two-dimensional ultrasound has been used to measure the inner diameter, peak flow velocity, blood flow, and spectral width of the femoral artery, pop artery, anterior iliac artery, posterior tibial artery, and dorsal artery and to calculate the artery stenosis degree. Independent factors of atherosclerosis are determined by multivariate logistic regression analysis. The results are evaluated within the control group and it is found that there is no significant impact of gender, age, and body mass index () on the lower extremity vascular diseases. Those with smoking, alcohol consumption, hypertension, and dyslipidemia have higher positive rate (). The type 2 diabetes mellitus group has higher diastolic blood pressure and lower triglyceride (). Diastolic blood pressure, HbA1C, total cholesterol, HDL-c, and LDL-C are not remarkably dissimilar between the type 2 diabetes mellitus group and the control group (). Compared with the control group, the type 2 diabetes mellitus group has higher frequency of lower extremity vascular diseases in the dorsal artery than in the pop artery (). The blood flow of type 2 diabetes mellitus group is found to be lower than that of the control group, especially in the dorsal artery (). The blood flow velocity of the dorsal artery is accelerated (). Among 117 patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus (94.35%) with a certain degree of injury, there are 72 cases of type I carotid stenosis (58.06%), 30 cases of type II carotid stenosis (24.19%), and 15 cases of type III carotid stenosis (12.10%). Out of 108 subjects in the control group, there are 84 cases of type 0 carotid stenosis (77.78%), 19 cases of type I carotid stenosis (17.59%), 5 cases of type II carotid stenosis (4.63%), and 0 case of type III carotid stenosis (0.00%). Compared with the control group, carotid stenosis is more common in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (). Age, smoking, duration of diseases, systolic blood pressure, and degree of carotid stenosis are found to be associated with atherosclerosis. The findings suggest that the color Doppler ultrasonography can give early warning when applied in patients with carotid and lower extremity vascular diseases to delay the incidence of diabetic macroangiopathy and to control the development of cerebral infarction, thus providing an important basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Oct 2021 07:50:01 +000
       
  • Comparing the Prognostic Value of Stress Myocardial Perfusion Imaging by
           Conventional and Cadmium-Zinc Telluride Single-Photon Emission Computed
           Tomography through a Machine Learning Approach

    • Abstract: We compared the prognostic value of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) by conventional- (C-) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and cadmium-zinc-telluride- (CZT-) SPECT in a cohort of patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease (CAD) using machine learning (ML) algorithms. A total of 453 consecutive patients underwent stress MPI by both C-SPECT and CZT-SPECT. The outcome was a composite end point of all-cause death, cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or coronary revascularization procedures whichever occurred first. ML analysis performed through the implementation of random forest (RF) and -nearest neighbors (KNN) algorithms proved that CZT-SPECT has greater accuracy than C-SPECT in detecting CAD. For both algorithms, the sensitivity of CZT-SPECT (96% for RF and 60% for KNN) was greater than that of C-SPECT (88% for RF and 53% for KNN). A preliminary univariate analysis was performed through Mann-Whitney tests separately on the features of each camera in order to understand which ones could distinguish patients who will experience an adverse event from those who will not. Then, a machine learning analysis was performed by using Matlab (v. 2019b). Tree, KNN, support vector machine (SVM), Naïve Bayes, and RF were implemented twice: first, the analysis was performed on the as-is dataset; then, since the dataset was imbalanced (patients experiencing an adverse event were lower than the others), the analysis was performed again after balancing the classes through the Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique. According to KNN and SVM with and without balancing the classes, the accuracy ( value = 0.02 and value = 0.01) and recall ( value = 0.001 and value = 0.03) of the CZT-SPECT were greater than those obtained by C-SPECT in a statistically significant way. ML approach showed that although the prognostic value of stress MPI by C-SPECT and CZT-SPECT is comparable, CZT-SPECT seems to have higher accuracy and recall.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Oct 2021 07:35:01 +000
       
  • Mathematical Modelling of COVID-19 Transmission in Kenya: A Model with
           Reinfection Transmission Mechanism

    • Abstract: In this study we propose a Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) mathematical model that stratifies infectious subpopulations into: infectious asymptomatic individuals, symptomatic infectious individuals who manifest mild symptoms and symptomatic individuals with severe symptoms. In light of the recent revelation that reinfection by COVID-19 is possible, the proposed model attempt to investigate how reinfection with COVID-19 will alter the future dynamics of the recent unfolding pandemic. Fitting the mathematical model on the Kenya COVID-19 dataset, model parameter values were obtained and used to conduct numerical simulations. Numerical results suggest that reinfection of recovered individuals who have lost their protective immunity will create a large pool of asymptomatic infectious individuals which will ultimately increase symptomatic individuals with mild symptoms and symptomatic individuals with severe symptoms (critically ill) needing urgent medical attention. The model suggests that reinfection with COVID-19 will lead to an increase in cumulative reported deaths. Comparison of the impact of non pharmaceutical interventions on curbing COVID19 proliferation suggests that wearing face masks profoundly reduce COVID-19 prevalence than maintaining social/physical distance. Further, numerical findings reveal that increasing detection rate of asymptomatic cases via contact tracing, testing and isolating them can drastically reduce COVID-19 surge, in particular individuals who are critically ill and require admission into intensive care.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Oct 2021 07:20:01 +000
       
  • A Deep Learning Approach for Predicting Antigenic Variation of Influenza A
           H3N2

    • Abstract: Modeling antigenic variation in influenza (flu) virus A H3N2 using amino acid sequences is a promising approach for improving the prediction accuracy of immune efficacy of vaccines and increasing the efficiency of vaccine screening. Antigenic drift and antigenic jump/shift, which arise from the accumulation of mutations with small or moderate effects and from a major, abrupt change with large effects on the surface antigen hemagglutinin (HA), respectively, are two types of antigenic variation that facilitate immune evasion of flu virus A and make it challenging to predict the antigenic properties of new viral strains. Despite considerable progress in modeling antigenic variation based on the amino acid sequences, few studies focus on the deep learning framework which could be most suitable to be applied to this task. Here, we propose a novel deep learning approach that incorporates a convolutional neural network (CNN) and bidirectional long-short-term memory (BLSTM) neural network to predict antigenic variation. In this approach, CNN extracts the complex local contexts of amino acids while the BLSTM neural network captures the long-distance sequence information. When compared to the existing methods, our deep learning approach achieves the overall highest prediction performance on the validation dataset, and more encouragingly, it achieves prediction agreements of 99.20% and 96.46% for the strains in the forthcoming year and in the next two years included in an existing set of chronological amino acid sequences, respectively. These results indicate that our deep learning approach is promising to be applied to antigenic variation prediction of flu virus A H3N2.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Oct 2021 05:50:01 +000
       
  • Development and Validation of Prediction Model for High Ovarian Response
           in In Vitro Fertilization-Embryo Transfer: A Longitudinal Study

    • Abstract: Objective. To develop and validate a prediction model for high ovarian response in in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) cycles. Methods. Totally, 480 eligible outpatients with infertility who underwent IVF-ET were selected and randomly divided into the training set for developing the prediction model and the testing set for validating the model. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were carried out to explore the predictive factors of high ovarian response, and then, the prediction model was constructed. Nomogram was plotted for visualizing the model. Area under the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve, Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration curve were used to evaluate the performance of the prediction model. Results. Antral follicle count (AFC), anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) at menstrual cycle day 3 (MC3), and progesterone (P) level on human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) day were identified as the independent predictors of high ovarian response. The value of area under the curve (AUC) for our multivariate model reached 0.958 (95% CI: 0.936-0.981) with the sensitivity of 0.916 (95% CI: 0.863-0.953) and the specificity of 0.911 (95% CI: 0.858-0.949), suggesting the good discrimination of the prediction model. The Hosmer-Lemeshow test and the calibration curve both suggested model’s good calibration. Conclusion. The developed prediction model had good discrimination and accuracy via internal validation, which could help clinicians efficiently identify patients with high ovarian response, thereby improving the pregnancy rates and clinical outcomes in IVF-ET cycles. However, the conclusion needs to be confirmed by more related studies.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Oct 2021 05:05:00 +000
       
  • Genetic Algorithm in Data Mining of Colorectal Images

    • Abstract: There is currently no effective analytical method in colorectal image analysis, which leads to certain errors in colorectal image analysis. In order to improve the accuracy of colorectal imaging detection, this study used a genetic algorithm as the data mining algorithm and combined it with image processing technology to perform image analysis. At the same time, combined with the actual requirements of image detection, the gray theory model is used as the basic theory of image processing, and the image detection prediction model is constructed to predict the data. In addition, in order to study the effectiveness of the algorithm, the experiment is carried out to analyze the validity of the data of the study, and the predicted value is compared with the actual value. The research shows that the proposed algorithm has certain accuracy and can provide theoretical reference for subsequent related research.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Oct 2021 11:35:01 +000
       
  • Construction and Evaluation of a Tumor Mutation Burden-Related Prognostic
           Signature for Thyroid Carcinoma

    • Abstract: Thyroid carcinoma is a type of prevalent cancer. Its prognostic evaluation depends on clinicopathological features. However, such conventional methods are deficient. Based on mRNA, single nucleotide variants (SNV), and clinical information of thyroid carcinoma from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, this study statistically analyzed mutational signature of patients with this disease. Missense mutation and SNV are the most common variant classification and variant type, respectively. Next, tumor mutation burden (TMB) of sample was calculated. Survival status of high/low TMB groups was analyzed, as well as the relationship between TMB and clinicopathological features. Results revealed that patients with high TMB had poor survival status, and TMB was related to several clinicopathological features. Through analysis on DEGs in high/low TMB groups, 381 DEGs were obtained. They were found to be mainly enriched in muscle tissue development through enrichment analysis. Then, through Cox regression analysis, a 5-gene prognostic signature was established, which was then evaluated through survival curves and receiver operation characteristic (ROC) curves. The result showed that the signature was able to effectively predict patient’s prognosis and to serve as an independent prognostic risk factor. Finally, through Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) on high/low-risk groups, DEGs were found to be mainly enriched in signaling pathways related to DNA repair. Overall, based on the TCGA-THCA dataset, we constructed a 5-gene prognostic signature through a trail of bioinformatics analysis.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Oct 2021 14:20:02 +000
       
  • Overexpression of PIK3R1 Promotes Bone Formation by Regulating Osteoblast
           Differentiation and Osteoclast Formation

    • Abstract: In an effort to bolster our understanding of regulation of bone formation in the context of osteoporosis, we screened out differentially expressed genes in osteoporosis patients with high and low bone mineral density by bioinformatics analysis. PIK3R1 is increasingly being nominated as a pivotal mediator in the differentiation of osteoblasts and osteoclasts that is closely related to bone formation. However, the specific mechanisms underlying the way that PIK3R1 affects bone metabolism are not fully elucidated. We intended to examine the potential mechanism by which PIK3R1 regulates osteoblast differentiation. Enrichment analysis was therefore carried out for differentially expressed genes. We noted that the estrogen signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, and osteoclast differentiation were markedly associated with ossification, and they displayed enrichment in PIK3R1. Based on western blot, qRT-PCR, and differentiation analysis in vitro, we found that upregulation of PIK3R1 enhanced osteoblastic differentiation, as evidenced by increased levels of investigated osteoblast-related genes as well as activities of ALP and ARS, while it notably decreased levels of investigated osteoclast-related genes. On the contrary, downregulation of PIK3R1 decreased levels of osteoblast-related genes and increased levels of osteoclast-related genes. Besides, in vitro experiments revealed that PIK3R1 facilitated proliferation and repressed apoptosis of osteoblasts but had an opposite impact on osteoclasts. In summary, PIK3R1 exhibits an osteoprotective effect via regulating osteoblast differentiation, which can be represented as a promising therapeutic target for osteoporosis.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Oct 2021 13:20:01 +000
       
  • Spatial Prediction of COVID-19 in China Based on Machine Learning
           Algorithms and Geographically Weighted Regression

    • Abstract: COVID-19 has swept through the world since December 2019 and caused a large number of patients and deaths. Spatial prediction on the spread of the epidemic is greatly important for disease control and management. In this study, we predicted the cumulative confirmed cases (CCCs) from Jan 17 to Mar 1, 2020, in mainland China at the city level, using machine learning algorithms, geographically weighted regression (GWR), and partial least squares regression (PLSR) based on population flow, geolocation, meteorological, and socioeconomic variables. The validation results showed that machine learning algorithms and GWR achieved good performances. These models could not effectively predict CCCs in Wuhan, the first city that reported COVID-19 cases in China, but performed well in other cities. Random Forest (RF) outperformed other methods with a of 0.84. In this model, the population flow from Wuhan to other cities (WP) was the most important feature and the other features also made considerable contributions to the prediction accuracy. Compared with RF, GWR showed a slightly worse performance () but required fewer spatial independent variables. This study explored the spatial prediction of the epidemic based on multisource spatial independent variables, providing references for the estimation of CCCs in the regions lacking accurate and timely.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Oct 2021 18:35:01 +000
       
  • Improvement of Sensitivity of Pooling Strategies for COVID-19

    • Abstract: Group testing (or pool testing), for example, Dorfman’s method or grid method, has been validated for COVID-19 RT-PCR tests and implemented widely by most laboratories in many countries. These methods take advantages since they reduce resources, time, and overall costs required for a large number of samples. However, these methods could have more false negative cases and lower sensitivity. In order to maintain both accuracy and efficiency for different prevalence, we provide a novel pooling strategy based on the grid method with an extra pool set and an optimized rule inspired by the idea of error-correcting codes. The mathematical analysis shows that (i) the proposed method has the best sensitivity among all the methods we compared, if the false negative rate (FNR) of an individual test is in the range [1%, 20%] and the FNR of a pool test is closed to that of an individual test, and (ii) the proposed method is efficient when the prevalence is below 10%. Numerical simulations are also performed to confirm the theoretical derivations. In summary, the proposed method is shown to be felicitous under the above conditions in the epidemic.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Oct 2021 15:05:01 +000
       
  • An Autophagy-Related Gene-Based Prognostic Risk Signature for
           Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Construction and Validation

    • Abstract: Background. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a prevalent primary liver cancer. Treatment is dramatically difficult due to its high complexity and poor prognosis. Due to the disclosed dual functions of autophagy in cancer development, understanding autophagy-related genes devotes into novel biomarkers for HCC. Methods. Differential expression of genes in normal and tumor groups was analyzed to acquire autophagy-related genes in HCC. These genes were subjected to GO and KEGG pathway analyses. Genes were then screened by univariate regression analysis. The screened genes were subjected to multivariate Cox regression analysis to build a prognostic model. The model was validated by the ICGC validation set. Results. To sum up, 42 differential genes relevant to autophagy were screened by differential expression analysis. Enrichment analysis showed that they were mainly enriched in pathways including regulation of autophagy and cell apoptosis. Genes were screened by univariate analysis and multivariate Cox regression analysis to build a prognostic model. The model constituted 6 feature genes: EIF2S1, BIRC5, SQSTM1, ATG7, HDAC1, and FKBP1A. Validation confirmed the accuracy and independence of this model in predicting the HCC patient’s prognosis. Conclusion. A total of 6 feature genes were identified to build a prognostic risk model. This model is conducive to investigating interplay between autophagy-related genes and HCC prognosis.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Oct 2021 13:05:00 +000
       
  • Sentiment Analysis Based on the Nursing Notes on In-Hospital 28-Day
           Mortality of Sepsis Patients Utilizing the MIMIC-III Database

    • Abstract: In medical visualization, nursing notes contain rich information about a patient’s pathological condition. However, they are not widely used in the prediction of clinical outcomes. With advances in the processing of natural language, information begins to be extracted from large-scale unstructured data like nursing notes. This study extracted sentiment information in nursing notes and explored its association with in-hospital 28-day mortality in sepsis patients. The data of patients and nursing notes were extracted from the MIMIC-III database. A COX proportional hazard model was used to analyze the relationship between sentiment scores in nursing notes and in-hospital 28-day mortality. Based on the COX model, the individual prognostic index (PI) was calculated, and then, survival was analyzed. Among eligible 1851 sepsis patients, 580 cases suffered from in-hospital 28-day mortality (dead group), while 1271 survived (survived group). Significant differences were shown between two groups in sentiment polarity, Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS-II) score, age, and intensive care unit (ICU) type (all ). Multivariate COX analysis exhibited that sentiment polarity (HR: 0.499, 95% CI: 0.409-0.610, ) and sentiment subjectivity (HR: 0.710, 95% CI: 0.559-0.902, ) were inversely associated with in-hospital 28-day mortality, while the SAPS-II score (HR: 1.034, 95% CI: 1.029-1.040, ) was positively correlated with in-hospital 28-day mortality. The median death time of patients with was significantly earlier than that of patients with (13.5 vs. 49.8 days, ). In conclusion, sentiments in nursing notes are associated with the in-hospital 28-day mortality and survival of sepsis patients.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Oct 2021 08:05:01 +000
       
  • Long-Term Effect of Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion in Treating Patients
           with Previous Ischemic Stroke on the Disease Recurrence

    • Abstract: Background and Objective. Thrombolytics and anticoagulants are conventional drugs for ischemic stroke (IS) treatment, whereas some patients have unfavorable responses to these drugs. The disease presents a relatively high recurrence rate. This investigation attempted to unveil the long-term effect of left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) in treating patients with previous IS on the disease recurrence. Methods. A total of 120 patients with IS admitted to Tangdu Hospital from July 2016 to September 2017 were grouped into the control group () and the observation group (). Patients in the control group were only treated with thrombolytics and anticoagulants while those in the observation group were treated with both drugs and LAAO. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was performed to observe the occlusion of LAA in patients in the observation group after 45 d and 6 months, respectively. Clinical outcomes in two groups were compared from the following aspects: recurrence of IS, incidence of systemic embolism, and the 3-year recurrence-free survival (RFS). The 3-year IS recurrence of patients was compared by Fisher’s exact test. Results. No significant differences were observed at baseline levels (age, sex, etc.) between the observation group and control group (). During follow-up visit of 45 d and 6 months, all occluders met the efficacious occludsion criteria. The results of TEE at 45 d after LAAO showed that 50% of patients (30/60) in the observation group had complete occlusion of LAA. The results of TEE at 6 months after LAAO suggested that 58.3% of patients (35/60) had complete occlusion of LAA. IS recurrence in the observation group (3.33%, 2/60) was significantly lower than that in the control group (18.33%, 11/60), with the difference presenting statistical significance (). Incidence of systemic embolism in the observation group (1.67%, 1/60) was markedly lower than that in the control group (13.33%, 11/60) (). The average RFS in the observation group (31.97 months, 95% CI: 27.50~32.31 months) was notably longer than that in the control group (29.91 months, 95% CI: 29.85~32.92 months) (). The 3-year IS recurrence of patients between two groups compared by Fisher’s exact test showed significant differences (1 year: , 2 year: , 3 year: ).Conclusion. Regarding patients with previous IS who had poor response to thrombolytics and anticoagulants, LAAO could effectively decrease recurrence of IS and incidence of systemic embolism and prolong RFS of patients. LAAO was, therefore, an alternative for patients with high IS recurrence risk.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Oct 2021 04:50:01 +000
       
  • Bayesian Analysis of Cancer Data Using a 4-Component Exponential Mixture
           Model

    • Abstract: Cancer is among the major public health problems as well as a burden for Pakistan. About 148,000 new patients are diagnosed with cancer each year, and almost 100,000 patients die due to this fatal disease. Lung, breast, liver, cervical, blood/bone marrow, and oral cancers are the most common cancers in Pakistan. Perhaps smoking, physical inactivity, infections, exposure to toxins, and unhealthy diet are the main factors responsible for the spread of cancer. We preferred a novel four-component mixture model under Bayesian estimation to estimate the average number of incidences and death of both genders in different age groups. For this purpose, we considered 28 different kinds of cancers diagnosed in recent years. Data of registered patients all over Pakistan in the year 2012 were taken from GLOBOCAN. All the patients were divided into 4 age groups and also split based on genders to be applied to the proposed mixture model. Bayesian analysis is performed on the data using a four-component exponential mixture model. Estimators for mixture model parameters are derived under Bayesian procedures using three different priors and two loss functions. Simulation study and graphical representation for the estimates are also presented. It is noted from analysis of real data that the Bayes estimates under LINEX loss assuming Jeffreys’ prior is more efficient for the no. of incidences in male and female. As far as no. of deaths are concerned again, LINEX loss assuming Jeffreys’ prior gives better results for the male population, but for the female population, the best loss function is SELF assuming Jeffreys’ prior.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Oct 2021 15:05:01 +000
       
  • Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in the Bladder: Critical Features to
           Differentiate Occupied Lesions

    • Abstract: Objective. To study the clinical diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in bladder occupied lesions. Methods. 38 cases of conventional-ultrasound-found bladder occupied lesions did color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) and CEUS checks. By comparing the difference between two types of blood flow imaging technologies in displaying the flow of bladder occupied lesions and observing the perfusion modes of contrast agents to enter lesions, the perfusion characteristics of CEUS were analyzed. Finally, they were contrasted with the surgical pathology results. Results. Of all the 38 cases, there were 51 bladder occupied lesions, including 43 bladder malignant tumors, 2 bladder inverted papillomas, and 6 glandular cystitis lesions. The blood flow display rate of bladder occupied lesions was 100% using CEUS. Apparently, it was higher than that of CDFI (62.7%), and the result of these showed a statistically significant difference (). Using CEUS, 46 malignant lesions and 5 glandular cystitis lesions were indicated, and the diagnostic accuracy rate was 86.3%. Conclusion. CEUS can improve the blood flow display rate of bladder occupied lesions, and it can also observe the real-time blood flow of these lesions. It can help judge their nature and has a higher clinical value in differentiating the benign from the malignant.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Oct 2021 13:05:00 +000
       
  • Emotion Recognition Based on EEG Using Generative Adversarial Nets and
           Convolutional Neural Network

    • Abstract: Emotion recognition plays an important role in the field of human-computer interaction (HCI). Automatic emotion recognition based on EEG is an important topic in brain-computer interface (BCI) applications. Currently, deep learning has been widely used in the field of EEG emotion recognition and has achieved remarkable results. However, due to the cost of data collection, most EEG datasets have only a small amount of EEG data, and the sample categories are unbalanced in these datasets. These problems will make it difficult for the deep learning model to predict the emotional state. In this paper, we propose a new sample generation method using generative adversarial networks to solve the problem of EEG sample shortage and sample category imbalance. In experiments, we explore the performance of emotion recognition with the frequency band correlation and frequency band separation computational models before and after data augmentation on standard EEG-based emotion datasets. Our experimental results show that the method of generative adversarial networks for data augmentation can effectively improve the performance of emotion recognition based on the deep learning model. And we find that the frequency band correlation deep learning model is more conducive to emotion recognition.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 14:20:00 +000
       
  • Identification of Hub Genes in Tuberculosis via Bioinformatics Analysis

    • Abstract: Background. Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious chronic bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). It is one of the deadliest diseases in the world and a heavy burden for people all over the world. However, the hub genes involved in the host response remain largely unclear. Methods. The data set GSE11199 was studied to clarify the potential gene network and signal transduction pathway in TB. The subjects were divided into latent tuberculosis and pulmonary tuberculosis, and the distribution of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) was analyzed between them using GEO2R. We verified the enriched process and pathway of DEGs by making use of the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and Gene Ontology (GO). The construction of protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of DEGs was achieved through making use of the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes (STRING), aiming at identifying hub genes. Then, the hub gene expression level in latent and pulmonary tuberculosis was verified by a boxplot. Finally, through making use of Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA), we further analyzed the pathways related to DEGs in the data set GSE11199 to show the changing pattern between latent and pulmonary tuberculosis. Results. We identified 98 DEGs in total in the data set GSE11199, 91 genes upregulated and 7 genes downregulated included. The enrichment of GO and KEGG pathways demonstrated that upregulated DEGs were mainly abundant in cytokine-mediated signaling pathway, response to interferon-gamma, endoplasmic reticulum lumen, beta-galactosidase activity, measles, JAK-STAT signaling pathway, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, etc. Based on the PPI network, we obtained 4 hub genes with a higher degree, namely, CTLA4, GZMB, GZMA, and PRF1. The box plot showed that these 4 hub gene expression levels in the pulmonary tuberculosis group were higher than those in the latent group. Finally, through Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA), it was concluded that DEGs were largely associated with proteasome and primary immunodeficiency. Conclusions. This study reveals the coordination of pathogenic genes during TB infection and offers the diagnosis of TB a promising genome. These hub genes also provide new directions for the development of latent molecular targets for TB treatment.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 14:05:02 +000
       
  • iMPT-FDNPL: Identification of Membrane Protein Types with Functional
           Domains and a Natural Language Processing Approach

    • Abstract: Membrane protein is an important kind of proteins. It plays essential roles in several cellular processes. Based on the intramolecular arrangements and positions in a cell, membrane proteins can be divided into several types. It is reported that the types of a membrane protein are highly related to its functions. Determination of membrane protein types is a hot topic in recent years. A plenty of computational methods have been proposed so far. Some of them used functional domain information to encode proteins. However, this procedure was still crude. In this study, we designed a novel feature extraction scheme to obtain informative features of proteins from their functional domain information. Such scheme termed domains as words and proteins, represented by its domains, as sentences. The natural language processing approach, word2vector, was applied to access the features of domains, which were further refined to protein features. Based on these features, RAndom k-labELsets with random forest as the base classifier was employed to build the multilabel classifier, namely, iMPT-FDNPL. The tenfold cross-validation results indicated the good performance of such classifier. Furthermore, such classifier was superior to other classifiers based on features derived from functional domains via one-hot scheme or derived from other properties of proteins, suggesting the effectiveness of protein features generated by the proposed scheme.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 07:50:02 +000
       
  • Application of Medical Imaging Based on Deep Learning in the Treatment of
           Lumbar Degenerative Diseases and Osteoporosis with Bone Cement Screws

    • Abstract: Objective. To explore the application value of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and GSI-energy spectrum electronic computed tomography (CT) medical imaging based on the deep convolutional neural network (CNN) in the treatment of lumbar degenerative disease and osteoporosis. Methods. There were 56 cases of suspected lumbar degenerative disease and osteoporosis. A group of 56 subjects were examined using 1.5 TMR spectrum (MRS) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to collect the lumbar L3 vertebral body fat ratio (FF) and L1~4 vertebral bone mineral density (BMD) value. We divided the subjects into 2 groups with value -2.5 as the critical point. Set value > -2.5 as the negative group and value ≤ -2.5 as the positive group. Pearson’s method is used for FF-MRS and BMD correlation analyses. A group of all patients underwent GSI-energy spectrum CT scan, and X-ray bone mineral density (DXA) test results (bone density per unit area) were used as the gold standard to analyze the diagnosis of osteoporosis by the GSI-energy spectrum CT scan method value. Results. The differences in FF and BMD between the negative group and the positive group were statistically significant (), and there was a highly negative correlation between the average value of FF and BMD. 30 cases were diagnosed as osteoporosis by DXA. The accuracy of GSI-energy spectrum CT medical imaging in diagnosing osteoporosis is 89.30%. The GSI-energy spectrum CT diagnosis of osteoporosis and DXA examination results have good consistency. Conclusion. Based on the deep convolutional neural network (CNN) MRS technology, GSI-energy spectrum CT medical imaging is used in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of lumbar degenerative lesions and osteoporosis. It has a good advantage in assessing bone quality and has good consistency with DXA examination and has better application value high.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 06:50:01 +000
       
  • Predicting Cross-Species Infection of Swine Influenza Virus with
           Representation Learning of Amino Acid Features

    • Abstract: Swine influenza viruses (SIVs) can unforeseeably cross the species barriers and directly infect humans, which pose huge challenges for public health and trigger pandemic risk at irregular intervals. Computational tools are needed to predict infection phenotype and early pandemic risk of SIVs. For this purpose, we propose a feature representation algorithm to predict cross-species infection of SIVs. We built a high-quality dataset of 1902 viruses. A feature representation learning scheme was applied to learn feature representations from 64 well-trained random forest models with multiple feature descriptors of mutant amino acid in the viral proteins, including compositional information, position-specific information, and physicochemical properties. Class and probabilistic information were integrated into the feature representations, and redundant features were removed by feature space optimization. High performance was achieved using 20 informative features and 22 probabilistic information. The proposed method will facilitate SIV characterization of transmission phenotype.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 06:50:00 +000
       
  • Bioinformatics Analysis Reveals MCM3 as an Important Prognostic Marker in
           Cervical Cancer

    • Abstract: The minichromosome maintenance complex 3 (MCM3) is essential for the regulation of DNA replication and cell cycle progression. However, the expression and prognostic values of MCM3 in cervical cancer (CC) have not been well-studied. Herein, we investigated the expression patterns and survival data of MCM3 in cervical cancer patients from the ONCOMINE, GEPIA, Human Protein Atlas, UALCAN, Kaplan-Meier Plotter, and LinkedOmics databases. The expression level of MCM3 is negatively correlated with advanced tumor stage and metastatic status. Specifically, MCM3 is significantly differentially expressed between patients in stage 1 and stage 3 cervical cancer with value 0.0138. Similarly, the values between stage 1 and stage 4 cervical cancer, between stage 2 and stage 3, and between stage 2 and stage 4 are 0.00089, 0.0244, and 0.00197, respectively. Not only that, cervical cancer patients with high mRNA expression of MCM3 may indicate longer overall survival but indicate shorter relapse-free survival. PRIM2 and MCM6 are positively correlated genes of MCM3. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that MCM3 might be considered a biological indicator for prognostic evaluation of cervical cancer. However, it is currently limited to bioinformatics analysis, and more clinical tissue specimens and cell experiments are needed to further explore the role of MCM3 in the occurrence and progression of cervical cancer.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Oct 2021 06:35:02 +000
       
  • SMBFT: A Modified Fuzzy -Means Algorithm for Superpixel Generation

    • Abstract: Most traditional superpixel segmentation methods used binary logic to generate superpixels for natural images. When these methods are used for images with significantly fuzzy characteristics, the boundary pixels sometimes cannot be correctly classified. In order to solve this problem, this paper proposes a Superpixel Method Based on Fuzzy Theory (SMBFT), which uses fuzzy theory as a guide and traditional fuzzy -means clustering algorithm as a baseline. This method can make full use of the advantage of the fuzzy clustering algorithm in dealing with the images with the fuzzy characteristics. Boundary pixels which have higher uncertainties can be correctly classified with maximum probability. The superpixel has homogeneous pixels. Meanwhile, the paper also uses the surrounding neighborhood pixels to constrain the spatial information, which effectively alleviates the negative effects of noise. The paper tests on the images from Berkeley database and brain MR images from the Brain web. In addition, this paper proposes a comprehensive criterion to measure the weights of two kinds of criterions in choosing superpixel methods for color images. An evaluation criterion for medical image data sets employs the internal entropy of superpixels which is inspired by the concept of entropy in the information theory. The experimental results show that this method has superiorities than traditional methods both on natural images and medical images.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Oct 2021 12:50:00 +000
       
  • Simulation and Prediction of Fungal Community Evolution Based on RBF
           Neural Network

    • Abstract: Simulation and prediction of the scale change of fungal community. First, using the experimental data of a variety of fungal decomposition activities, a mathematical model of the decomposition rate and the relationship between the bacterial species was established, thereby revealing the internal mechanism of fungal decomposition activity in a complex environment. Second, based on the linear regression method and the principle of biodiversity, a model of fungal decomposition rate was constructed, and it was concluded that the interaction between mycelial elongation and moisture resistance could increase the fungal decomposition rate. Third, the differential equations are used to quantify the competitive relationship between different bacterial species, divide the boundaries of superior and inferior species, and simulate the long-term and short-term evolution trends of the community under the same initial environment. And an empirical analysis is made by taking the sudden change of the atmosphere affecting the evolution of the colony as an example. Finally, starting from summer, combining soil temperature, humidity, and fungal species data in five different environments such as arid and semiarid, a three-dimensional model and RBF neural network are introduced to predict community evolution. The study concluded that under given conditions, different strains are in short-term competition, and in the long-term, mutually beneficial symbiosis. Biodiversity is important for the biological regulation of nature.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Oct 2021 08:05:02 +000
       
  • Identification of Novel Biomarkers Related to Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma
           Using Integrated Bioinformatics Analysis

    • Abstract: Background. Lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) is one of the most common types of lung carcinoma and has specific clinicopathologic characteristics. In this study, we screened novel molecular biomarkers relevant to the prognosis of LUSC to explore new diagnostic and treatment approaches for this disease. Methods. We downloaded GSE73402 from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. GSE73402 contains 62 samples, which could be classified as four subtypes according to their pathology and stages. Via weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA), the main module was identified and was further analyzed using differentially expressed genes (DEGs) analysis. Then, by protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA), hub genes were screened for potential biomarkers of LUSC. Results. Via WGCNA, the yellow module containing 349 genes was identified, and it is strongly related to the subtype of CIS (carcinoma in situ). DEGs analysis detected 180 genes that expressed differentially between the subtype of CIS and subtype of early-stage carcinoma (Stage I and Stage II). A PPI network of DEGs was constructed, and the top 20 genes with the highest correlations were selected for GEPIA database to explore their effect on LUSC survival prognosis. Finally, ITGA5, TUBB3, SCNN1B, and SERPINE1 were screened as hub genes in LUSC. Conclusions. ITGA5, TUBB3, SCNN1B, and SERPINE1 may have great diagnostic and prognostic significance for LUSC and have great potential to be new treatment targets for LUSC.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Oct 2021 06:20:02 +000
       
  • A Liver Segmentation Method Based on the Fusion of VNet and WGAN

    • Abstract: Accurate segmentation of liver images is an essential step in liver disease diagnosis, treatment planning, and prognosis. In recent years, although liver segmentation methods based on 2D convolutional neural networks have achieved good results, there is still a lack of interlayer information that causes severe loss of segmentation accuracy to a certain extent. Meanwhile, making the best of high-level and low-level features more effectively in a 2D segmentation network is a challenging problem. Therefore, we designed and implemented a 2.5-dimensional convolutional neural network, VNet_WGAN, to improve the accuracy of liver segmentation. First, we chose three adjacent layers of a liver model as the input of our network and adopted two convolution kernels in series connection, which can integrate cross-sectional spatial information and interlayer information of liver models. Second, a chain residual pooling module is added to fuse multilevel feature information to optimize the skip connection. Finally, the boundary loss function in the generator is employed to compensate for the lack of marginal pixel accuracy in the Dice loss function. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified on two datasets, LiTS and CHAOS. The Dice coefficients are 92% and 90%, respectively, which are better than those of the compared segmentation networks. In addition, the experimental results also show that the proposed method can reduce computational consumption while retaining higher segmentation accuracy, which is significant for liver segmentation in practice and provides a favorable reference for clinicians in liver segmentation.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Oct 2021 04:35:01 +000
       
  • Segmentation of Prefrontal Lobe Based on Improved Clustering Algorithm in
           Patients with Diabetes

    • Abstract: Diabetics are prone to postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). The occurrence may be related to the damage of the prefrontal lobe. In this study, the prefrontal lobe was segmented based on an improved clustering algorithm in patients with diabetes, in order to evaluate the relationship between prefrontal lobe volume and COPD. In this study, a total of 48 diabetics who underwent selective noncardiac surgery were selected. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images of the patients were segmented based on the improved clustering algorithm, and their prefrontal volume was measured. The correlation between the volume of the prefrontal lobe and -score or blood glucose was analyzed. Qualitative analysis shows that the gray matter, white matter, and cerebrospinal fluid based on the improved clustering algorithm were easy to distinguish. Quantitative evaluation results show that the proposed segmentation algorithm can obtain the optimal Jaccard coefficient and the least average segmentation time. There was a negative correlation between the volume of the prefrontal lobe and the -score. The cut-off value of prefrontal lobe volume for predicting POCD was
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Oct 2021 09:20:01 +000
       
  • Segmentation and Automatic Identification of Vasculature in Coronary
           Angiograms

    • Abstract: Coronary angiography is the “gold standard” for the diagnosis of coronary heart disease, of which vessel segmentation and identification technologies are paid much attention to. However, because of the characteristics of coronary angiograms, such as the complex and variable morphology of coronary artery structure and the noise caused by various factors, there are many difficulties in these studies. To conquer these problems, we design a preprocessing scheme including block-matching and 3D filtering, unsharp masking, contrast-limited adaptive histogram equalization, and multiscale image enhancement to improve the quality of the image and enhance the vascular structure. To achieve vessel segmentation, we use the C-V model to extract the vascular contour. Finally, we propose an improved adaptive tracking algorithm to realize automatic identification of the vascular skeleton. According to our experiments, the vascular structures can be successfully highlighted and the background is restrained by the preprocessing scheme, the continuous contour of the vessel is extracted accurately by the C-V model, and it is verified that the proposed tracking method has higher accuracy and stronger robustness compared with the existing adaptive tracking method.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Oct 2021 06:35:01 +000
       
  • Breast Cancer Calcifications: Identification Using a Novel Segmentation
           Approach

    • Abstract: Breast cancer is a strong risk factor of cancer amongst women. One in eight women suffers from breast cancer. It is a life-threatening illness and is utterly dreadful. The root cause which is the breast cancer agent is still under research. There are, however, certain potentially dangerous factors like age, genetics, obesity, birth control, cigarettes, and tablets. Breast cancer is often a malignant tumor that begins in the breast cells and eventually spreads to the surrounding tissue. If detected early, the illness may be reversible. The probability of preservation diminishes as the number of measurements increases. Numerous imaging techniques are used to identify breast cancer. This research examines different breast cancer detection strategies via the use of imaging techniques, data mining techniques, and various characteristics, as well as a brief comparative analysis of the existing breast cancer detection system. Breast cancer mortality will be significantly reduced if it is identified and treated early. There are technological difficulties linked to scans and people’s inconsistency with breast cancer. In this study, we introduced a form of breast cancer diagnosis. There are different methods involved to collect and analyze details. In the preprocessing stage, the input data picture is filtered by using a window or by cropping. Segmentation can be performed using -means algorithm. This study is aimed at identifying the calcifications found in bosom cancer in the last phase. The suggested approach is already implemented in MATLAB, and it produces reliable performance.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Oct 2021 13:50:00 +000
       
  • Tiotropium Bromide Attenuates Mucus Hypersecretion in Patients with Stable
           Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    • Abstract: Background. Patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been observed to benefit from tiotropium bromide. However, there are few studies of tiotropium bromide on sputum and sputum viscosity. To evaluate the effect of tiotropium bromide on mucus hypersecretion, a randomized, double-blind controlled trial was performed. Methods. 120 cases of patients with pulmonary function grade II were divided into two groups, which include the treatment group given tiotropium bromide powder inhalation (18 μg, inhalation, QD) and the control group given formoterol fumarate powder inhalation (12 μg, inhalation, BID) plus ambroxol hydrochloride tablets (60 mg, oral, TID). After 3 months of treatment, the pulmonary function and α1-acid glycoprotein (α1-AGP) in sputum were detected, and the changes of glycoprotein and Ca2+ content were evaluated by Miller classification. Results. Three patients (2 cases in the treatment group and 1 case in the control group) were dropped due to loss of follow-up, and 117 cases of patients were enrolled in this study. After 3 months of treatment, the sputum character score, α1-acid glycoprotein, Ca2+ content, and lung function of the two groups were significantly improved; group comparison analyses revealed that there was no significant difference in the content of α1-AGP, Ca2+ in sputum, and lung function between the two groups (), but the improvement of sputum properties was significant (), and the treatment group was better than the control group (;).Conclusions. Inhaled tiotropium bromide can effectively inhibit the mucus hypersecretion in stable COPD patients, improve the sputum properties and lung function of patients, and improve the quality of life of patients.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Oct 2021 07:05:01 +000
       
  • Metabolic Analysis of Potential Key Genes Associated with Systemic Lupus
           Erythematosus Using Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

    • Abstract: The biological mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) remains unclear. In this study, we found 21 proteins upregulated and 38 proteins downregulated by SLE relative to normal protein metabolism in our samples using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. By PPI network analysis, we identified 9 key proteins of SLE, including AHSG, VWF, IGF1, ORM2, ORM1, SERPINA1, IGF2, IGFBP3, and LEP. In addition, we identified 4569 differentially expressed metabolites in SLE sera, including 1145 reduced metabolites and 3424 induced metabolites. Bioinformatics analysis showed that protein alterations in SLE were associated with modulation of multiple immune pathways, TP53 signaling, and AMPK signaling. In addition, we found altered metabolites associated with valine, leucine, and isoleucine biosynthesis; one carbon pool by folate; tyrosine metabolism; arginine and proline metabolism; glycine, serine, and threonine metabolism; limonene and pinene degradation; tryptophan metabolism; caffeine metabolism; vitamin B6 metabolism. We also constructed differently expressed protein-metabolite network to reveal the interaction among differently expressed proteins and metabolites in SLE. A total of 481 proteins and 327 metabolites were included in this network. Although the role of altered metabolites and proteins in the diagnosis and therapy of SLE needs to be further investigated, the present study may provide new insights into the role of metabolites in SLE.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Oct 2021 11:05:01 +000
       
 
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