Subjects -> MATHEMATICS (Total: 1013 journals)
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    - MATHEMATICS (714 journals)
    - MATHEMATICS (GENERAL) (45 journals)
    - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS (26 journals)

MATHEMATICS (714 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 401 - 538 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematical Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Mathematical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Mathematical Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Mathematical Sciences and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mathematical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Mathematics and Statistics Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematics and the Arts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mathematics Education at Teachers College     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Mathematics in Industry     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematics Research     Open Access  
Journal of Metallurgy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Modern Mathematics Frontier     Open Access  
Journal of Multidisciplinary Modeling and Optimization     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Multivariate Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Nonlinear Analysis and Optimization : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Numerical Cognition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Optimization     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Peridynamics and Nonlocal Modeling     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Progressive Research in Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Pure and Applied Algebra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Quantitative Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Scientific Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Journal of Symbolic Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Australian Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Egyptian Mathematical Society     Open Access  
Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the Institute of Mathematics of Jussieu     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Nigerian Mathematical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Topology and Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Turbulence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Universal Mathematics     Open Access  
Journal of Urban Regeneration & Renewal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
JRAMathEdu : Journal of Research and Advances in Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
JUMLAHKU : Jurnal Matematika Ilmiah STKIP Muhammadiyah Kuningan     Open Access  
JURING (Journal for Research in Mathematics Learning)     Open Access  
Jurnal Didactical Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Matematika     Open Access  
Jurnal Matematika, Sains, Dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal Natural     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Raflesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Sains (JPS)     Open Access  
Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Jurnal Sains Matematika dan Statistika     Open Access  
Jurnal Tadris Matematika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi dan Sistem Komputer     Open Access  
Kontinu : Jurnal Penelitian Didaktik Matematika     Open Access  
Kreano, Jurnal Matematika Kreatif-Inovatif     Open Access  
Le Matematiche     Open Access  
Lettera Matematica     Hybrid Journal  
Lietuvos Matematikos Rinkinys     Open Access  
Limits : Journal of Mathematics and Its Applications     Open Access  
Linear Algebra and its Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Linear and Multilinear Algebra     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Lithuanian Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Lobachevskii Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Logic Journal of the IGPL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Logica Universalis     Hybrid Journal  
manuscripta mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
MaPan : Jurnal Matematika dan Pembelajaran     Open Access  
Marine Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Matemáticas, Educación y Sociedad     Open Access  
Matematicheskie Zametki     Full-text available via subscription  
Mathematica Scandinavica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Analysis and its Contemporary Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Communications     Open Access  
Mathematical Computation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mathematical Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Medicine and Biology: A Journal of the IMA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mathematical Methods of Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mathematical Modelling and Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Notes     Hybrid Journal  
Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mathematical Programming Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Mathematical Sciences     Open Access  
Mathematical Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Theory and Modeling     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Mathematical Thinking and Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Mathematics Education Forum Chitwan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematics Education Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Mathematics Education Research Journal     Partially Free   (Followers: 16)
Mathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems (MCSS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Mathematics Teacher: Learning and Teaching PK-12     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Mathematische Annalen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Mathematische Nachrichten     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematische Semesterberichte     Hybrid Journal  
Mathematische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
MATICS     Open Access  
Matrix Science Mathematic     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Measurement Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Memetic Computing     Hybrid Journal  
Mendel : Soft Computing Journal     Open Access  
Metaheuristics     Hybrid Journal  
Metals and Materials International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Metascience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Metrology and Instruments / Метрологія та прилади     Open Access  
Milan Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
MLQ- Mathematical Logic Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Modelling in Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
MONA : Matematik- og Naturfagsdidaktik     Hybrid Journal  
Monatshefte fur Mathematik     Hybrid Journal  
Moroccan Journal of Pure and Applied Analysis     Open Access  
Moscow University Mathematics Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
MSOR Connections     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Multiscale Modeling and Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
MUST : Journal of Mathematics Education, Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nagoya Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Nano Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nanotechnologies in Russia     Hybrid Journal  
Natural Resource Modeling     Hybrid Journal  
New Mathematics and Natural Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Nonlinear Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Nonlinear Analysis : Modelling and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA     Hybrid Journal  
North Carolina Journal of Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access  
Note di Matematica     Open Access  
NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Numeracy : Advancing Education in Quantitative Literacy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Numerical Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Numerical Functional Analysis and Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Numerical Linear Algebra with Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Numerische Mathematik     Hybrid Journal  
Open Journal of Discrete Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Journal of Modelling and Simulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Operations Research Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Optimization Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Optimization Methods and Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Opuscula Mathematica     Open Access  
Order     Hybrid Journal  
ORiON     Open Access  
P-Adic Numbers, Ultrametric Analysis, and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
PAMM : Proceedings in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Free  
Parallel Processing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Peking Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Periodica Mathematica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Petroleum Science     Open Access  
Philosophia Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
PNA. Revista de Investigación en Didáctica de la Matemática     Open Access  
Polar Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Positivity     Hybrid Journal  
Press Start     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Prime Number     Full-text available via subscription  
Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Problemy Peredachi Informatsii     Full-text available via subscription  
Proceedings - Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, Series B     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal  
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Engineering and Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences. Section B: Natural, Exact and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Section A Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription  
Proceedings of the Steklov Institute of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Progress in Photovoltaics: Research & Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Proyecciones : Revista de Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Publications Mathématiques de Besançon : Algèbre et Théorie des Nombres     Open Access  
Publications Mathématiques de L'IHÉS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Punjab University Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pure Mathematics and Applications     Open Access  
Pythagoras     Open Access  
Quaestiones Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal  
Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Quantum Studies : Mathematics and Foundations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Quarterly Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Rare Metals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Recreational Mathematics Magazine     Open Access  
REDIMAT : Journal of Research in Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
REMAT : Revista Eletrônica da Matemática     Open Access  
Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo     Hybrid Journal  
Reportes Científicos de la FaCEN     Open Access  
Research in Mathematics Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Research in Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Research in Number Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Research in the Mathematical Sciences     Open Access  
Research Journal of Pure Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Researches in Mathematics     Open Access  
Results in Control and Optimization     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4     

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Measurement Science Review
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.441
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 1335-8871
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Stacked Auto-encoder Based Feature Transfer Learning and Optimized
           LSSVM-PSO Classifier in Bearing Fault Diagnosis

    • Abstract: This paper proposes a new diagnosis technique for predicting the big data of roller bearing multi-level fault, which uses the deep learning method for the feature representation of the vibration signal and an optimized machine learning model. First, vibration feature extraction by stacked auto-encoders (VFE-SAE) with two layers in roller bearing fault signals is proposed. The unsupervised learning algorithm in VFE-SAE is used to reveal significant properties in the vibration data, such as nonlinear and non-stationary properties. The extracted features can provide good discriminability for fault diagnosis tasks. Second, a classifier model is optimized based on least squares support vector machine classification and particle swarm optimization (LSSVM-PSO). This model is used to perform supervised fine-tuning and classification; it is trained with the labelled features to identify the target data. Especially, using transfer learning, the performance of the bearing fault diagnosis technique can be fine-tuned. In other words, the features of the target vibration signal can be extracted by the learning of feature representation, which is dependent on the weight matrix of hidden layers of the VFE-SAE method. The experimental results (by analyzing the roller bearing vibration signals with multi-status fault) demonstrate that VFE-SAE based feature extraction in conjunction with the LSSVM-PSO classification is more accurate than other popular classifier models. The proposed VFE-SAE – LSSVMPSO method can effectively diagnose bearing faults with 97.76 % accuracy, even when using 80 % of the target data.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Estimation of Energy Meter Accuracy using Remote Non-invasive Observation

    • Abstract: This paper presents an error analysis of the estimation of energy meter correction factor (CF) using a remote non-invasive technique. A method of the CF estimation based on the comparison of synchronously detected power steps in power consumption profiles of meter under test and reference meter is elaborated. The dependence of meter CF estimation uncertainty upon the magnitude of power steps, the number of power steps per observation interval, and the number of meters under test monitored by one reference meter is approximated. The synthesized consumer active power profiles are used to obtain training data points that are fit by these approximating equations.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Deep Learning Measurement Model to Segment the Nuchal Translucency Region
           for the Early Identification of Down Syndrome

    • Abstract: Down syndrome (DS) or Trisomy 21 is a genetic disorder that causes intellectual and mental disability in fetuses. The most essential marker for detecting DS during the first trimester of pregnancy is nuchal translucency (NT). Effective segmentation of the NT contour from the ultrasound (US) images becomes challenging due to the presence of speckle noise and weak edges. This study presents a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) based SegNet model using a Visual Geometry Group (VGG-16) for semantically segmenting the NT region from the US fetal images and providing a fast and affordable diagnosis during the early stages of gestation. A transfer learning approach using AlexNet is implemented to train the NT segmented regions for the identification of DS. The proposed model achieved a Jaccard index of 0.96 and classification accuracy of 91.7 %, sensitivity of 85.7 %, and a Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) of 0.95.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • On Angular Measures in Axiomatic Euclidean Planar Geometry

    • Abstract: We address the issue of angular measure, which is a contested issue for the International System of Units (SI). We provide a mathematically rigorous and axiomatic presentation of angular measure that leads to the traditional way of measuring a plane angle subtended by a circular arc as the length of the arc divided by the radius of the arc, a scalar quantity. We distinguish between the angular magnitude, defined in terms of congruence classes of angles, and the (numerical) angular measure that can be assigned to each congruence class in such a way that, e.g., the right angle has the numerical value π2{\pi \over 2}. We argue that angles are intrinsically different from lengths, as there are angles of special significance (such as the right angle, or the straight angle), while there is no distinguished length in Euclidean geometry. This is further underlined by the observation that, while units such as the metre and kilogram have been refined over time due to advances in metrology, no such refinement of the radian is conceivable. It is a mathematically defined unit, set in stone for eternity. We conclude that angular measures are numbers, and the current definition in SI should remain unaltered.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Integrated Sensing and Computing for Wearable Human Activity Recognition
           with MEMS IMU and BLE Network

    • Abstract: The miniature sensor devices and power-efficient Body Area Networks (BANs) for Human Activity Recognition (HAR) have gained increasing interest in different fields, including Daily Life Assistants (DLAs), medical treatment, sports analysis, etc. The HAR systems normally collect data with wearable sensors and implement the computational tasks with a host machine, where real-time transmission and processing of sensor data raise a challenge for both the network and the host machine. This investigation focuses on the hardware/software co-design for optimized sensing and computing of wearable HAR sensor networks. The contributions include (1) design of a miniature wearable sensor node integrating a Micro-Electro-Mechanical System Inertial Measurement Unit (MEMS IMU) with a Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) in-built Micro-Control Unit (MCU) for unobtrusive wearable sensing; (2) task-centric optimization of the computation by shifting data pre-processing and feature extraction to sensor nodes for in-situ computing, which reduces data transmission and relieves the load of the host machine; (3) optimization and evaluation of classification algorithms Particle Swarm Optimization-based Support Vector Machine (PSO-SVM) and Cross Validation-based K-Nearest Neighbors (CV-KNN) for HAR with the presented techniques. Finally, experimental studies were conducted with two sensor nodes worn on the wrist and elbow to verify the effectiveness of the recognition of 10 virtual handwriting activities, where 10 recruited participants each repeated an activity 5 times. The results demonstrate that the proposed system can implement HAR tasks effectively with an accuracy of 99.20 %.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Comparison of GUM and Monte Carlo Methods for Measurement Uncertainty
           Estimation of the Energy Performance Measurements of Gas Stoves

    • Abstract: The paper presents the comparison of uncertainty measurement estimations of the energy performances of gas stoves. The Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM) framework and two Monte Carlo Simulation (MCM) approaches: ordinary and adaptive MCM were applied for the energy performance uncertainty: thermal energy and efficiency measurement uncertainties. The validation of the two MCMs is performed by comparing the MCM estimations to the GUM estimations for the thermal energy and efficiency measurement results. A test method designed in Indonesia National Standard SNI 7368:2011 was employed for the thermal energy and efficiency determinations. The results of the GUM and two MCM methods are in good agreement for the estimation of the thermal energy value. Significant differences of the uncertainty estimations for the thermal energy and efficiency results are observed for both GUM and MCM methods. Both the ordinary and adaptive MCM estimations give larger coverage interval compared to the GUM method. The adaptive MCM can give similar estimations with a much lower number of iterations compared to the ordinary MCM. From the estimation difference between the GUM and MCM methods, suggestions are needed for the improvement in measurement models for thermal energy and efficiency of the standard.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Complex Analysis of the Necessary Geometric Parameters of the Tested
           Component in the Ring-Core Evaluation Process

    • Abstract: Residual stress measurement in different sorts of mechanical and mechatronic objects has become an important part of the designing process and following maintenance. Therefore, a sufficient experimental method could significantly increase the accuracy and reliability of the evaluation process. Ring-Core method is a well-known semi-destructive method, yet it is still not standardized. This work tries to improve the evaluation process of the Ring-Core method by analyzing the influence of the necessary geometric parameters of the investigated object. Subsequently, residual stress computation accuracy is increased by proposed recommendations.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • An Integrated Testing Solution for Piezoelectric Sensors and Energy
           Harvesting Devices

    • Abstract: With the fast growth of wireless communications between nodes and sensor units and the increase of devices installed in remote places, and the development of IIoT applications, new requirements for power energy supply are needed to assure device functionality and data communication capabilities during extended periods of time. For these applications, energy harvesting takes place as a good solution to increase the autonomy of remote measuring solutions, since the usage of conventional power supply solutions has clear limitations in terms of equipment access and increased maintenance costs. In this context, regenerative energy sources such as thermoelectric, magnetic and piezoelectric based, as well as renewable energy sources, such as photovoltaic and wind based, among others, make the development of different powering solutions for remote sensing units possible. The main purpose of this paper is to present a flexible testing platform to characterize piezoelectric devices and to evaluate their performance in terms of harvesting energy. The power harvesting solutions are focused on converting the energy from mechanical vibrations, provided by different types of equipment and mechanical structures, to electrical energy. This study is carried out taking into account the power supply capabilities of piezoelectric devices as a function of the amplitude, frequency and spectral contents of the vibration stimulus. Several experimental results using, as an example, a specific piezoelectric module, are included in the paper.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Real-Time Instance Segmentation of Metal Screw Defects Based on Deep
           Learning Approach

    • Abstract: In general, manual methods are often used to inspect defects in the production of metal screws. As deep learning shines in the field of visual detection, this study employs the You Only Look At CoefficienTs (YOLACT) algorithm to detect the surface defects of the metal screw heads. The raw images with different defects are collected by an automated microscopic camera scanning system to build the training and validation datasets. The experimental results demonstrate that the trained YOLACT is sufficient to achieve a mean average accuracy of 92.8 % with low missing and false rates. The processing speed of the trained YOLACT reaches 30 frames per second. Compared with other segmentation methods, the proposed model provides excellent performance in both segmentation and detection accuracy. Our efficient deep learning-based system may support the advancement of non-contact defect assessment methods for quality control of the screw manufacture.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Development of Modified Blum-Blum-Shub Pseudorandom Sequence Generator and
           its Use in Education

    • Abstract: In information security systems, the algorithm of the Blum-Blum-Shub (BBS) generator, which is based on the use of a one-way function and is a cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generator, became widespread. In this paper, the problem of the analysis of modified algorithms of the BBS generator operation is considered to improve their statistical characteristics, namely, the sequence repetition period. It has been established that in order to improve the characteristics of the classic BBS algorithm, it is necessary to systematize approaches to change the recurrent equation itself, the relationship between the current and the previous members of the sequence. For this purpose, a generalized unified model of the modification of the classical BBS algorithm is derived. The repetition period with computational complexity were analyzed for classical algorithm and 80 proposed modifications. A gain in statistical characteristics is improved with slight increase in the required computing power of the system. The proposed modified BBS pseudorandom sequence generator can be used in training of students when teaching cryptographic stability of information security systems. The study of this generator combines the knowledge of students acquired in both digital electronics and mathematics.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Review of Measurement Techniques of Hydrocarbon Flame Equivalence Ratio
           and Applications of Machine Learning

    • Abstract: Flame combustion diagnostics is a technique that uses different methods to diagnose the flame combustion process and study its physical and chemical basis. As one of the most important parameters of the combustion process, the flame equivalence ratio has a significant influence on the entire flame combustion, especially on the combustion efficiency and the emission of pollutants. Therefore, the measurement of the flame equivalence ratio has a huge impact on efficient combustion and environment protection. In view of this, several effective measuring methods were proposed, which were based on the different characteristics of flames radicals such as spectral properties. With the rapid growth of machine learning, more and more scholars applied it in the combustion diagnostics due to the excellent ability to fit parameters. This paper presents a review of various measuring techniques of hydrocarbon flame equivalent ratio and the applications of machine learning in combustion diagnostics, finally making a brief comparison between different measuring methods.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Eddy Current Microsensor and RBF Neural Networks for Detection and
           Characterization of Small Surface Defects

    • Abstract: The growing complexity of industrial processes and manufactured parts, the growing need for safety in service and the desire to optimize the life of parts, require the implementation of increasingly complex quality assessments. Among the various anomalies to consider, sub-millimeter surface defects must be the subject of particular care. These defects are extremely dangerous as they are often the starting point for larger defects such as fatigue cracks, which can lead to the destruction of the parts.Penetrant testing is now widely used for this type of defect, due to its good performance. Nevertheless, it should be abandoned eventually due to environmental standards. Among the possible alternatives, the use of eddy currents (EC) for conductive materials is a reliable, fast, and inexpensive alternative.The study concerns the design and modeling of eddy current probe structures comprising micro-sensors for non-destructive testing. The moving band finite element method is implemented for this purpose to take into account the movement of the sensor, experimental validations were conducted on a nickel-based alloy specimen. The real and imaginary parts of the impedance at every position of the sensor computed by experiments and simulations were in good agreement. The crack detection quality was quantified and the geometric characteristics of the defects were estimated using RBF NN (Radial Basis Function Neural Networks) that were designed and implemented on the acquired signals.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Design and Testing of Wireless Motion Gauges for Two Collaborative Robot

    • Abstract: Most existing robot performance evaluation methods focus on single robotic arms performing independent motion tasks. In this paper, a motion gauge is proposed to evaluate the symmetrical coordinated-motion performance between two robotic arms. For this evaluation, the proposed device monitors the relative distance between the two robotic arms in real-time, which is used to evaluate the coordinated-motion errors with respect to accuracy, and repeatability between the two arms. The proposed metrology device is composed of two linear displacement sensors sliding on a linear rail, two ball-and-socket magnetic couplers for mounting to robotic arms, and a wireless communication module for data transmission. For validation, the proposed system monitored the two robotic arms programmed to simulate symmetrical coordinated motions.
      PubDate: Sat, 12 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Analysis of NMR Signal for Static Magnetic Field Standard

    • Abstract: This article describes the analysis of the NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) stabilizer signal. Magnetic field of the standard is created using an electromagnet. Sufficiently high stability of the magnetic field is achieved with the help of a stabilizer with an NMR probe. The NMR phenomenon makes possible very accurate measurements of the static magnetic field, but the resulting stability depends also on supporting electronics. An analysis has been done and tolerances of the measured quantities have been estimated. The calculated tolerances indicate the needed features of the material. First the probe excites the FID (Free Induction Decay) signal in the water sample and acquires the signal answer. It is Fourier transformed and its spectrum is investigated. The actual magnetic field corresponds to the strongest frequency sample. It is utilized for the magnetic field strength correction and stabilization of it. The article brings many equations for such calculation.
      PubDate: Sat, 12 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • A Virtual Measurement Method of the Transmission Error Based on Point
           Clouds of the Gear

    • Abstract: As the most widely used gear measuring instrument, the gear measuring center can measure the individual deviations of a gear tooth flank other than the comprehensive deviations of the gear. However, gear transmission error is an important transmission performance indicator in the gear meshing process. It is an important trend of gear measuring to obtain the transmission error from individual deviations. In this study, a calculation method of gear transmission error is proposed based on the point clouds of the gear obtained by optical sensors. According to the gear meshing principle, a method is introduced to determine the contact status between the tooth flanks formed by the point clouds. According to this introduced method, the single tooth pair meshing process and the meshing process of multiple tooth pairs are analyzed to determine the gear transmission error curve. The comparison results of tooth contact analysis and gear measurement experiments verify the proposed virtual measurement method.
      PubDate: Sat, 12 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Development of a Temperature and Heat Flux Measurement System Based on
           Microcontroller and its Application in Ophthalmology

    • Abstract: The paper describes the design and technical parameters of a medical thermoelectric device developed for diagnosing and monitoring the ophthalmic diseases. The main elements of the device are a specially designed thermoelectric heat flux sensor and a thermocouple temperature sensor connected to a data acquisition unit. The sensor is a thermoelectric micro-module that converts the heat flux into an electric voltage, which is recorded by the measuring channel of the data acquisition unit. The device allows high-precision measurements of both heat flux and temperature from the ocular surface. The paper contains examples of clinical piloting of the device.
      PubDate: Sat, 12 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Studying the Thermal Influence on the Vibration of Rotating Blades

    • Abstract: Computing the vibrating characteristics of any machine or structure is a necessary process that should be performed by the mechanical engineers that work in engineering design field to avoid the collapse under different kinds of applied loads. One of these kinds of structures are the rotating blades, whereas this part is considered as an essential element in many rotating systems that are used in different fields of engineering, e.g., turbomachinery, turbofan, helicopters, etc. One of the biggest disadvantages that is realized in rotating blades is failure due to vibrations and unbalance. It is possible that vibrations significantly reduce the performance of rotating blades compared to standard design conditions. If these rotating blades continue to operate under these circumstances for sufficient time, then the status of these systems will be unstable. Finally, this will lead to collapse of the rotating blades. In this work, a new code was created from scratch, based on the finite element method, to determine the vibrational characteristics of the rotating blades, taking into consideration the effect of rotating speed and temperatures. The compound influence of thermal gradients and rotating speed on the vibrational response (frequencies) for different configurations of blade was studied deeply.
      PubDate: Sat, 12 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Theoretical and Experimental Research on Spatial Performances of the
           Long-slit Streak Tube

    • Abstract: The streak tubes are widely used in National Ignition Facility (NIF), Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), and streak tube imaging lidar (STIL) as radiation or imaging detectors. The spatial resolution and effective photocathode area of the streak tube are strongly dependent on its operating and geometry parameters (electron optical structure and applied voltage). Studies about this dependence do not cover the full range of the parameters. In this paper, 3-D models are developed in Computer Simulation Technology Particle Studio (CST-PS) to comprehensively calculate the spatial resolution for various parameters. Monte Carlo Sampling method (M-C method) and spatial modulation transfer function method (SMTF) are employed in our simulation. Simulated results of the optimized spatial resolution are validated by the experimental data. Finally, the radii of the photocathode (Rc) and phosphor screen (Rs) are optimized. Geometry parameters of Rc=60 mm and Rs=80 mm are proposed to optimize the streak tube performances. Simulation and experimental results show that the spatial resolution and effective photocathode area of this streak tube are expected to reach 16 lp/mm and 30 mm-length while the voltage between cathode and grid (Ucg) is 150 V.
      PubDate: Sat, 12 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Detection of Deterioration of Three-phase Induction Motor using Vibration

    • Abstract: Nowadays detection of deterioration of electrical motors is an important topic of research. Vibration signals often carry diagnostic information of a motor. The authors proposed a setup for the analysis of vibration signals of three-phase induction motors. In this paper rotor fault diagnostic techniques of a three-phase induction motor (TPIM) were presented. The presented techniques used vibration signals and signal processing methods. The authors analyzed the recognition rate of vibration signal readings for 3 states of the TPIM: healthy TPIM, TPIM with 1 broken bar, and TPIM with 2 broken bars. In this paper the authors described a method of the feature extraction of vibration signals Method of Selection of Amplitudes of Frequencies – MSAF-12. Feature vectors were obtained using FFT, MSAF-12, and mean of vector sum. Three methods of classification were used: Nearest Neighbor (NN), Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA), and Linear Support Vector Machine (LSVM). The obtained results of analyzed classifiers were in the range of 97.61 % – 100 %.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2019 00:00:00 GMT
  • Characterization of Surface Micro-Roughness by Off-Specular Measurements
           of Polarized Optical Scattering

    • Abstract: The characterization of surface micro-roughness is investigated by using off-specular measurements of polarized optical scattering. In the measurement system, the detection angles of optical scattering are defined by the vertical and level scattering angles. The rotating mechanism of angles is controlled by stepper motors. Waveplate and polarizer are used to adjust light polarization and detection. We conduct the optical scattering measurements by using four standard metal sheets of surface roughness. The nominal values (Ra) of standard micro-roughness are 1.6 μm, 0.8 μm, 0.4 μm, and 0.1 μm, respectively. Samples with different surface roughness are evaluated with the utilization of laser sources at three incident wavelengths. These polarized images are analyzed using a computer program to obtain the distribution of light intensity. The results show great correlation between the metal surface roughness and polarization states. This measurement system can be used to quickly and accurately distinguish between different surfaces and properties.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Nov 2019 00:00:00 GMT
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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