Subjects -> MATHEMATICS (Total: 1118 journals)
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    - PROBABILITIES AND MATH STATISTICS (113 journals)

MATHEMATICS (819 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Operator Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AKSIOMATIK : Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Qadisiyah Journal for Computer Science and Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AL-Rafidain Journal of Computer Sciences and Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Algorithms Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Mathematical and Management Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Mathematical Monthly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access  
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Anargya : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio A – Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Functional Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics and Computer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ANZIAM Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Armenian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Research Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Banach Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BIBECHANA     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biomath     Open Access  
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
British Journal for the History of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Series: Physics and Mathematics     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Australian Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Cadernos do IME : Série Matemática     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Mathematics / Journal canadien de mathématiques     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Canadian Mathematical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CODEE Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
College Mathematics Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combinatorics, Probability and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Advanced Mathematical Sciences     Open Access  
Communications in Combinatorics and Optimization     Open Access  
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Compositio Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Comptes Rendus : Mathematique     Open Access  
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational and Mathematical Methods     Hybrid Journal  
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
Constructive Mathematical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Discrete Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Game Theory and Management     Open Access  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Current Research in Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Daya Matematis : Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Desimal : Jurnal Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Materials Science
Number of Followers: 22  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1730-2439 - ISSN (Online) 2083-4799
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [476 journals]
  • Induction Assisted Hybrid Friction Stir Welding of Dissimilar Materials
           AA5052 Aluminium Alloy and X12Cr13 Stainless Steel

    • Abstract: This research aimed to study the induction in-situ heated hybrid friction stir welding (IAFSW) method to join AA5052 aluminium alloy with X12Cr13 stainless steel (SS) to enhance joint strength. The potency of this method on the mechanical properties and microstructural characterizations were also investigated. The results show that the transverse tensile strength gained was 94% of the AA5052 base metal that is 229.5 MPa. This superior strength was achieved due to the annealing that happened to the AA 5052 region and elevated plastic flow in the weld zone by the in-situ induction heating, which resulted in the elongation of the weld region. The microstructure characterization indicates that a refined grain structure was gained in the nugget zone without defects.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Modelling Anisotropic Phenomena of Friction of Deep-Drawing Quality Steel
           Sheets Using Artificial Neural Networks

    • Abstract: This paper presents a method of determining the coefficient of friction in metal forming using multilayer perceptron based on experimental data obtained from the pin-on-disk tribometer. As test material, deep-drawing quality DC01, DC03 and DC05 steel sheets were used. The experimental results show that the coefficient of friction depends on the measured angle from the rolling direction and corresponds to the surface topography. The number of input variables of the artificial neural network was optimized using genetic algorithms. In this process, surface parameters of the sheet, sheet material parameters, friction conditions and pressure force were used as input parameters to train the artificial neural network. Some of the obtained results have pointed out that genetic algorithm can successfully be applied to optimize the training set. The trained multilayer perceptron predicted the value of the friction coefficient for the DC04 sheet. It was found that the tested steel sheet exhibits anisotropic tribological properties. The highest values of the coefficient of friction under dry friction conditions were registered for sheet DC05, which had the lowest value of the yield stress. Prediction results of coefficient of friction by multilayer perceptron were in qualitative and quantitative agreement with the experimental ones.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • A Review on Utilizing the Marine Biorefinery Waste in Construction Raw
           Materials to Reduce Land Pollution and Enhance Green Environment

    • Abstract: This research mainly concentrates on eco-friendly construction material. Production of cement and concrete industries release huge amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) and greenhouse gases which affect the environment and also there is a demand in construction material by man-made or nature. The construction sector finds an economic and eco-friendly cement replacement material to achieve the demand for green concrete that improve the energy conservation and better energy saving material. In marine Bio-refinery waste produce huge quantity of calcium carbonate, whose disposal is cause of major concern. Pre-eminent solution for this problem is utilizing the marine shell waste in cement and concrete. It revises the manufacturing process to reduce the raw material usage in production and adoptable material for global warming. Therefore, the researchers focus on marine waste sea shells as the replacement material in construction industry to save the energy and also give sustainable green material. As per the previous studies by the researchers to determine the chemical composition, specific gravity, water absorption, particle size distribution of seashells and also compressive, flexural and tensile strength of concrete. It shows the seashell is filler material that slightly increases the strength when compared to the conventional materials and therefore the sea shells are suitable for the construction field to manufacture the cement and concrete with eco-friendly manner.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Plasticizing Properties Improvement of Poly (4-Vinylpyridine)/Clay
           Composites: Effect of Composition and Clay Nature

    • Abstract: A significant number of investigations have been reported on the elaboration and characterization of Polymer/Clays composites, via different methods. In our work, new composites materials were successfully prepared by in-situ polymerization of 4-vinylpyridine (4VP), in presence of two different types of Algerian modified clays (Maghnia and Mostaganem), noted (BC) and (MC), respectively. Different percentage clays (1 wt%, 3 wt% and 5 wt%) have been used. The differential scanning calorimetry analysis reveals the variation of glass transition temperature (Tg) of the copolymer in the composite materials. We show a decrease glass transition temperature (Tg) from 147°C to 131°C for P4VP-BC and from 147°C to 124°C for P4VP-MC according to the increase percentage of clays. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) shows good stability of composite materials at high temperature. Fourier Transformed Infrared (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy coupled with Energy dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) and 1H NMR spectroscopy are used to show the presence of the clays in the materials.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Influence of the Type of Adhesive on the Properties of the GFRP Composite
           Adhesive Joint, Determined on the Basis of the Static T-Peel Test

    • Abstract: The article presents the results of experimental studies determining the influence of the type of adhesive on the static strength properties of the Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) composite joint determined on the basis of the T-peel test. As part of the static tests on peeling joints, a comparison of peak load and stiffness for individual joints was made. The fracture surfaces were also analyzed, showing various failure mechanisms. It was shown that the variant of joints made with the Enguard BP72A polyester adhesive was characterized by the highest strength properties with a mean peak load of 836.73 N.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Prediction of Mechanical Properties as a Function of Welding Variables in
           Robotic Gas Metal Arc Welding of Duplex Stainless Steels SAF 2205 Welds
           Through Artificial Neural Networks

    • Abstract: Dual-phase duplex stainless steel (DSS) has shown outstanding strength. Joining DSS alloy is challenging due to the formation of embrittling precipitates and metallurgical changes during the welding process. Generally, the quality of a weld joint is strongly influenced by the welding conditions. Mathematical models were developed to achieve high-quality welds and predict the ideal bead geometry to achieve optimal mechanical properties. Artificial neural networks are computational models used to address complex nonlinear relationships between input and output variables. It is one of the powerful modeling techniques, based on a statistical approach, presently practiced in engineering for complex relationships that are difficult to explain with physical models. For this study robotic GMAW welding process manufactured the duplex stainless steel welds at different welding conditions. Two tensile specimens were manufactured from each welded plate, resulting in 14 tensile specimens. This research focuses on predicting the yield strength, tensile stress, elongation, and fracture location of duplex stainless steel SAF 2205 welds using back-propagation neural networks. The predicted values of tensile strength were later on compared with experimental values obtained through the tensile test. The results indicate <2% of error between observed and predicted values of mechanical properties when using the neural network model. In addition, it was observed that the tensile strength values of the welds were higher than the base metal and that this increased when increasing the arc current. The welds’ yield strength and elongation values are lower than the base metal by 6%, ~ 9.75%, respectively. The yield strength and elongation decrease might be due to microstructural changes when arc energy increases during the welding.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Fabrication and Characterization of Zr Microplasma Sprayed Coatings for
           Medical Applications

    • Abstract: This paper presents new results of studying the influence of parameters of microplasma spraying (MPS) of Zr wire on the structure of Zr coatings. The coating experiments were accomplished in a two level fractional factorial design. Individual particles of sprayed Zr wire and their splats on the substrate were collected under various spraying parameters (amperage, spraying distance, plasma gas flow rate and wire flow rate) and evaluated by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to establish the effect of particle size and shape on the coating microstructure. The particles were characterized by measurement of their sizes and the obtained results were evaluated in terms of their degree of melting. This was compared with the experimentally observed coating microstructure type and finally correlated to the investigated coating porosity to select the specific MPS parameters of Zr coatings depositing onto medical implants from Ti alloy. It was found that the main parameters influencing the size of the sprayed Zr particles and the porosity of the Zr coatings are the plasma gas flow rate and amperage. It was demonstrated that it is possible to control the porosity of Zr microplasma coatings in the range from 2.8% to 20.3% by changing the parameters of the MPS. The parameters of microplasma spraying of Zr wire were established to obtain medical implant coatings with porosity up to 20.3% and pore size up to 300 μm.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Substituting Ti-64 with Aa2099 as Material of a Commercial Aircraft Pylon

    • Abstract: The aircraft industry is striving to reduce the weight of aircraft to save fuel and hence reduce total cost. New alloys and composites with properties such as low weight and high strength are continuously developed. Titanium alloys have the best strength-to-weight ratio among metals which makes them very suitable for aircraft applications. Ti-64 is the most common Titanium alloy used in aircraft. AA2099 is a 3rd generation Al-Li alloy and has the lowest density among all Aluminium alloys making it very attractive for aircraft applications. Pylons of commercial aircraft are currently made primarily with Ti-64 and this study focused on the replacement of Ti-64 with AA2099. Loading conditions, operating temperature, corrosion resistance, manufacturability and recyclability of the pylon were analysed of both Ti-64 and AA2099. Three critical scenarios were chosen for the loading conditions of the pylon. These were simulated using finite element analysis first using Ti-64 and then AA2099. From the results, it is evident that using AA2099 as the material of the pylon instead of Ti-64 offered weight savings. The operating temperature, manufacturability and recyclability also showed advantages when using AA2099 whereas corrosion factors favoured Ti-64, since AA2099 was found to be very prone to galvanic corrosion.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Pitting Corrosion behaviour of Austenitic Stainless-Steel Coated on
           Ti6Al4V Alloy in Chloride Solutions

    • Abstract: This study aims to investigate the influence of adding a coating layer of austenitic stainless steel type 316L on Ti6Al4V alloy on corrosion behaviour. Samples of 316L, Ti6Al4V, and 316L on Ti6Al4V were prepared by hot-press sintering of their powders. The potentiodynamic polarization technique was used to characterize the corrosion behaviour of the samples in 0.9 and 3.5 wt. % NaCl concentrations. The corrosion potential (Ecorr.), current density (icorr) and corrosion rate (CR) of the sintered samples were compared in this study. The results showed that 316L samples had the best corrosion resistance, although micropits were observed on the surface, while Ti6Al4V samples had the lowest. This corrosion behaviour of sintered 316L samples can be interrelated to the existence of a passive layer on stainless steel alloys that can be attacked by chloride ions and causing localized corrosion. In general, the CR values of Ti6Al4V samples coated by 316L were between the 316L and Ti6Al4V samples. The CR values of the samples, in 0.9 wt. % NaCl, did not show significant changes with increasing time, as the CR for 316L values were around 0.003 mm/year, while for Ti6Al4V the CR values changed noticeably from 0.018 mm/year of 0 hr, to 0.015 mm/year for 24 hours. However, the changes were less than that of Ti6Al4V. For 3.5 wt. % NaCl solution, although the same order of CR remained, i.e., the CR values of coated Ti6Al4V samples were between 316L (lowest) and Ti6Al4V (highest), the overall CR values for the samples were higher than 0.9 wt. % NaCl.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Investigation on the Influence of Tempering on Microstructure and Wear
           Properties of High Alloy Chromium Cast Iron

    • Abstract: Mechanical properties, wear resistance and impact resistance of a high-alloy chromium cast iron used in the fabrication of grinding balls have been studied. A rank of tempering heat treatments under several temperatures 500°C, 525°C, 550°C and 575°C was performed after austenitized at 1050°C. The Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD) techniques have been used to characterize the microstructures and identify the phases. The wear balls tests were conducted in a rotating drum with a velocity 0.5 r/s. The tribological tests were carried out by evaluated a weight loss as function time. The measurement of the rebound resilience was determined by Charpy impact tests. The results of XRD showed the presence of the martensite, carbides type M7C3 and M2C for all tempering heat treated. The hardness of the sample increased after the tempering and reach nearly 65 HRC at 1050°C. In another hand, it decreased after the tempering treatment it could be explained by precipitation of the carbides type M2C.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Multivariate Modelling of Effectiveness of Lubrication of Ti-6al-4v
           Titanium Alloy Sheet using Vegetable Oil-Based Lubricants

    • Abstract: The article presents the results of modelling the friction phenomenon using artificial neural networks and analysis of variance. The test material was composed of strip specimens made of 0.5-mm-thick alpha-beta Grade 5 (Ti-6Al-4V) titanium alloy sheet. A special tribotester was used in the tests to simulate the friction conditions between the punch and the sheet metal in the sheet metal forming process. A test called the strip drawing test has been conducted in conditions in which the sheet surface is lubricated with six environmentally friendly oils (palm, coconut, olive, sunflower, soybean and linseed). Based on the results of the strip drawing test, a regression model and an artificial neural network model were built to determine the complex interactions between the process parameters and the friction coefficient. A multilayer perceptron with one hidden layer and eight neurons in this layer showed the best fit to the training data. The network training was conducted using three algorithms, i.e. Levenberg-Marquardt, back propagation and quasi-Newton. Taking into consideration both the coefficient of determination R2 (0.962) and S.D. ratio (0.272), the best regression characteristics were presented by the network trained using the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. From the response surfaces of the quadratic regression model it was found that an increase in the density of lubricant at a specific pressure causes a reduction in the coefficient of friction. Low density and high kinematic viscosity of the oil leads to a high coefficient of friction.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Internal Flow Behaviour and Microstructural Evolution of the Bobbin-FSW
           

    • Abstract: The influences of processing parameters and tool feature on the microstructure of AA1100 and AA3003 aluminium alloys were investigated using bobbin friction stir welding (BFSW). The research includes flow visualization and microstructural evolution of the weld texture using the metallographic measurement method. Results indicated that the operational parameters of the welding (e.g. feed rate, rotating speed) and the geometry of the tool can directly affect the flow patterns of the weld structure. The microscopic details revealed by the optical and electron microscope imply the dynamic recrystallization including grain refinement and precipitation mechanisms within the stirring zone of the weld region. The microscopic observations for the weld samples show a better performance of the fully-featured tool (tri-flat threaded pin and scrolled shoulders) compared to the simple tool without inscribed surface features. The fully-featured tool resulted in a more uniform thermomechanical plastic deformation within the weld structure along with the precipitation hardening and the homogeneity of the microstructure.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • The Effects of Nb Addition on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties
           of Melt Spun Al-7075 Alloy

    • Abstract: The mechanical properties of the Al-7075 material, which is used in important areas such as automotive, aviation and defense industry, are still being studied by researchers. In this study, the effects of different proportions of Nb additives on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the rapidly solidified Al-7075 alloy was investigated. Rapid solidification processes were carried out with a single roller melt spinner at a disk surface speed of 25 m / s. Microstructure characterization was performed by using a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction. According to the results, the Nb additive significantly increased the micro hardness of the Al-7075 alloy. The microhardness of the sample added with 0.5% by weight of Nb is 0.9 GPa. This value is 3 times higher than the sample without Nb added. The Nb contribution has led to modification of the dimensions and shapes of both α-Al and intermetallic phases. Nb addition reduced the average grain size from 9.1 µm to 2.46 µm.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • 3D-Printed Tool Shoulder Design for the Analogue Modelling of Bobbin
           Friction Stir Weld Joint Quality

    • Abstract: A variety of tool shoulder designs comprising three families i.e. blade, spiral and circular shaped scrolls, were produced to improve the material flow and restrictions to avoid the tunnel void. The bobbin tools were manufactured by 3D printing additive manufacturing technology using solid filament. The butt weld joint was produced by each tool using plasticine as the workpiece material. The apparent surface features and bi-colour cross-sections provided a physical flow comparison among the shoulder designs. For the bobbin friction stir welding (BFSW), the tool shoulder with a three-spiral design produced the most stability with the best combination of the flow patterns on surface and cross-sections. The circular family tools showed a suitable intermixing on the surface pattern, while the blade scrolls showed better flow features within the cross-sections. The flow-driven effect of the shoulder features of the bobbin-tool design (inscribed grooves) was replicated by the 3D-printed tools and the analogue modelling of the weld samples. Similar flow patterns were achieved by dissimilar aluminium-copper weld, validating the accuracy of the analogue plasticine for the flow visualization of the bobbin friction stir welding.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Mar 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Properties of Flame Spraying Coatings Reinforced with Particles of Carbon
           Nanotubes

    • Abstract: The article presents the results of the preliminary research of tribological properties of flame sprayed nickel and aluminum coatings reinforced with carbon nanotubes made on the structural steel S235J0 substrate. The carbon material – carbon nanotubes Nanocyl NC 7000 (0.5 wt.% and 1 wt.%) was used for structural reinforcement. The properties evaluation was made by the use of optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, microhardness measurements, and by means of abrasion and erosion resistance laboratory tests. The obtained results were compared with pure nickel powder coatings 2N5 (Ni 99.5%) and with pure aluminum powder coatings (EN AW 1000 series). It was proved that the flame spraying of nickel and aluminum coatings reinforced with particles carbonaceous material can be an effective alternative for other more advanced surfacing technology. The preliminary test results will be successively extended by further experiments to contribute in the near future to develop innovative technologies, that can be implemented in the aviation industry and the automotive. The presented research is a continuation of the work previously published.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Mar 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Regularities of Adsorption of Α-Oxypropionic Acid By Natural Zeolite

    • Abstract: Wastewaters from dairy processing factories contaminated with α-oxypropionic acid were monitored. Theoretical analysis of industrial wastewater treatment methods on zeolites of Sokyrnytsia deposit was carried out. The process of sorption of α-oxypropionic (α-oxypropionic) acid by natural zeolite of Sokyrnytsia deposit was considered. It was established that the most economically advantageous and safe is the method of adsorption using a natural sorbent - zeolite, which provides the lowest concentration of contaminants in treated wastewaters from dairies. An assessment of their number, localization features and measures of toxicological impact on the environment was done. The existing theoretical apparatus of description of adsorption processes was analyzed. The sorption properties of natural zeolite (clinoptilolite of Sokyrnytsia deposit) and activated carbon to α-oxypropionic acid were tested. Equilibrium values of adsorption capacity were calculated and corresponding isotherms at a temperature of 20 ° С were constructed. The porosity of the sorbent and its influence on the sorption properties were studied by the methods of physicochemical analysis. Infrared spectroscopic and electron microscopic studies confirmed the presence of the process of sorption by the surface of the internal pores of the zeolite of α-oxypropionic acid molecules. Experimental studies have confirmed the possibility of using natural zeolite for wastewater treatment of dairy factories. It was experimentally confirmed by physicochemical methods of analysis (electron microscopy, IR spectroscopy, microprobe analysis, mercury porometry) and was established that the process takes place both by the mechanism of ion exchange and physical adsorption. The content of carbon radicals in the zeolite matrix after the sorption process was confirmed by X-ray spectral microanalysis. The ability of zeolite to adsorb organic carboxylic acid radicals was confirmed by the results of IR spectroscopic studies. On the IR spectra there are strips of deformation and valence oscillations of the groups of the crystal lattice of the zeolite Si-O, Si-O-SiOH: 452, 990–1210, 1638, 3368 cm−1. The oscillation spectra of free OH groups in the region of 2600 cm−1 were revealed.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Mar 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Effect of Trapezoidal Shapes on the Thermal Buckling Behaviour of
           Perforated Composite Plates

    • Abstract: Thermal buckling study on the symmetric laminated composite trapezoidal plate with a circular cutout subjected to a uniform increase in temperature for various boundary conditions is explored in this paper. In a mathematical model, the first-order shear deformation principle is employed in accordance with the variational energy system. For acquiring the thermal buckling temperature, a nine-node heterosis plate relation has been used in the finite element formulation. By correlating the present findings with accessible literature, the effectiveness of the present formulation is verified. The impact of different parameters, such as trapezoidal shape, cutout size, ply-orientation, plate edge conditions and plate width to thickness ratio have been considered to study the effect of each parameters on the buckling characteristics of plate under various temperatures. It is observed from the study that each parametric investigation significantly affect the thermal buckling behaviour of trapezoidal plates.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Mar 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Advances in Materials Science Editorial on the Journal’s 20
           Anniversary

    • PubDate: Tue, 30 Mar 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Mathematical Analysis of the Influence of the Flux-Cored Wire Chemical
           Composition on the Electrical Parameters and Quality in the Underwater Wet
           Cutting

    • Abstract: The paper presents research in the field of underwater wet cutting with the use of flux-cored wires in order to improve the quality and performance. The research has resulted into the development of gas and slag systems for flux-cored wires and determination of, optimal parameters for cutting stability and quality. The underwater wet cutting mechanism is a cyclical process with the formation of periodic keyholes in metal, and it consists of operating and idle cycles. Efficiency of the cutting process can be determined by analyzing cycle times, welding current, voltage, power and a number of short circuits. To assess the stability and efficiency of the underwater wet cutting process, the authors have developed the method for analyzing oscillograms to calculate the probability density of current, voltage and power. To determine the quality of cutting, the authors have provided a criterion based on the ratio of the voltage probability density in the idle and operating cycles.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Mar 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
 
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