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  Subjects -> CONSERVATION (Total: 128 journals)
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Sustainable Environment Agricultural Science (SEAS)
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2614-0934
Published by Universitas Warmadewa Homepage  [16 journals]
  • The Effect of Giving Sorghum on the Growth of Native Chickens Aged 3-10
           Weeks

    • Authors: Matius Ngura Bili, Ni Ketut Sri Rukmini, Ni Made Yudiastari
      Pages: 81 - 87
      Abstract: Native chicken farms in Indonesia at this time have experienced very rapid development. One of the poultry that is currently being developed in Indonesia is the Super kampung chicken. The current reality is that the price of commercial feed in the market is felt by farmers to be very expensive, while feed is the largest component in poultry farming, where the cost of feed can reach 60-70% of the total production cost, so it is very important to look for other alternative feeds in the availability of ration feed ingredients. to keep production costs as small as possible without reducing optimum production. The use of sorghum seeds in the ration of super native chicken is (substitute) for corn because its nutritional content is almost the same as corn. The design used in this study was a completely randomized design (CRD) which consisted of 5 treatments and 3 replications. S0 (Control) of chickens that were not given sorghum, S1 of chickens that were fed a diet containing 7.5% sorghum, S2= 15%, S3= 22.5% and S4= 30%. The arrangement of the 3-story cage with a total of 15 plots, each containing 5 chickens, so that 75 chickens were used with a body weight range of 183.2-210.0 g. From the results of the study, the administration of various levels of sorghum did not have a significant effect (P>0.05) on final body weight, weight gain, ration consumption, and ration conversion of super-village chickens aged 3-10 weeks. In the administration of various levels of sorghum at S0 (Control) it was higher than the S1, S2, S3, and S4 treatments on final body weight, weight gain, ration consumption, and ration conversion for super free-range chickens aged 3-10 weeks.
      PubDate: 2022-10-24
      DOI: 10.22225/seas.6.2.4974.81-87
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Use of Fermented Cocoa Skin as Raw Material for Carp Feed (Cyprinus
           carpio)

    • Authors: Mustaqim Mustaqim
      Pages: 88 - 93
      Abstract: This study aimed to determine the use of fermented cocoa pods to see the growth rate of feed conversion and survival of carp (Cyiprinus carpio). This research was carried out at the Laboratory of the Faculty of Agricultural and Animal Sciences, Universitas Islam Kebangsaan Indonesia using a completely randomized design or (CRD) 4 treatments with 3 replications consisting of A: control, B: 35% fermented cocoa husk + 65% commercial pellet feed, C: 40% fermented cocoa husk + 60% commercial pellet feed, D: 45% fermented cocoa husk + 55% commercial pellet feed. The results showed that the addition of fermented cocoa skin into pellet feed had a significant effect on growth in length, weight, and feed conversion of carp (Cyiprinus carpio) and significantly affected survival where F count > F table.
      PubDate: 2022-10-24
      DOI: 10.22225/seas.6.2.5748.88-93
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Marketing Strategy of Honey in Sarining Trigona Pertiwi Beekeeper Bongkasa
           Pertiwi Village

    • Authors: I Gusti Ayu Widari, Aditya Krisnawan Gusti Ngurah
      Pages: 94 - 101
      Abstract: Honey bees are one of the potential forest resources to be developed and cultivated. Marketing is an important part of business development. The purpose of this study is to identify of factors that affect honey business cultivation and to obtain the strategy for business development of the business Trigonola Laevicep honey in Sarining Trigona Pertiwi. The method used in this research is the descriptive method using questionnaire, observation, interview, and documentation. The data found were analyzed using descriptive analysis and continued with SWOT analysis. The research found that the main factors contribute for business are as follows; assistance from universities and related institutions, mentoring/training, increasing consumer demand for kele-kele honey, regulations or rules and trends, development of promotional media through social media, the existence of online marketing, the climate and environment supporting the development of honeybee, the availability of natural bee food source plants, and the affordable selling price of kele-kele honey. Several strategies that can be carried out in business development including: Human resources who are highly committed to the development of the kele-kele honey bee cultivation business, assistance from universities and related institutions, kele-kele honey products developed to make derivative products so that consumers can choose more varied products, marketing is done through social media so that the product is more widely known not only in the Bongkasa Pertiwi area, increasing the availability of plants as natural bee food sources, preventing pests and diseases, and the packaging made according to quality standards to ensure the safety of the products.
      PubDate: 2022-10-24
      DOI: 10.22225/seas.6.2.5730.94-101
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Preservation of Tofu With Liquid Smoke From Coconut Shell

    • Authors: Ni Putu Chiana Adi Arandini, Ni Made Ayu Suardani Singapurwa, Anak Agung Made Semariyani
      Pages: 102 - 111
      Abstract: Tofu is one of the processed soybean products which is processed through the clumping of soy protein extract. Under normal conditions (room temperature) the average shelf life of tofu is 1-2 days. If it is more than this limit, the taste of tofu will become sour and rotten so it is not suitable for consumption. This study aims to determine the effect of coconut shell smoke and storage time on the chemical, microbiological, and organoleptic characteristics of tofu stored at room temperature. This study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with two factors and two replications The first factor was concentrations (0%, 2%, 4%, 6%,  and 8%) and the second factor was storage time (1, 2, 3 and 4 days). Observations were made objectively including total phenol, water content, ash content, fat content, and  protein content. Microbiological analysis by testing Escherichia coli and Salmonella sp. While organoleptic parameters subjectively observed include color, aroma, texture, taste, and overall acceptance. The results showed that the concentration of 6% coconut shell liquid smoke in three days storage at room temperature resulted in the best tofu characteristics with a subjective assessment of neutral – to moderately like (score 4.40) and total phenol 0.57%, water content 82.34%, ash content 0.34%, fat content 5.72%, protein content 9.15%, Escherichia coli <3 APM/g, and negative for Salmonella sp. The shelf life of soaked tofu with a concentration of 6% coconut shell liquid smoke at room temperature is 3 days.
      PubDate: 2022-10-24
      DOI: 10.22225/seas.6.2.5377.102-111
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Antibacterial Activity of Legundi Leaf Extract (Vitex trifolia L.) with
           Betel Leaf Extract (Piper betle L.) against Staphylococcus aureus

    • Authors: Ida Bagus Oka Suyasa, Trisna Bagus Wibawa, Ni Made Defy Janurianti , Putu Diah Wahyuni
      Pages: 112 - 118
      Abstract: One of the plants that have antibacterial compounds is legundi leaves and betel leaves. The combination of the two extracts is expected to provide a synergistic effect so that it can increase the inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. This study used the disc diffusion test method to determine the antibacterial activity. The data obtained were analyzed using the Kolmogrov-Smirnov test and continued with the one-way Anova test. The average diameter of the inhibition zone in this study ranged from 6.43 mm to 18.63 mm where legundi extract had a medium category, betel extract had a moderate to strong category, and combined extracts had a strong category. The combination of ethanol extract of legundi leaves (Vitex trifolia Linn.) with betel leaves (Piper betle L. ) has antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus growth in vitro, based on the results of the one way annova test with a significance value of p < 0.05. The combination of antibacterial compounds from legundi with betel nut with a ratio of 2:1 had a greater inhibitory power than the two single extracts.
      PubDate: 2022-10-24
      DOI: 10.22225/seas.6.2.5843.111-117
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The Community Structure of Sea Urchin (Echinoidea) in Seagrass Ecosystem
           at Batu Jimbar Beach Sanur Denpasar

    • Authors: Rosito Da Costa Freitas, Sang Ayu Made Putri Suryani, I Made Kawan
      Pages: 119 - 133
      Abstract: Abstract   This study aims to determine the intensiveness of sea urchins (Echinoidea) and the community structure of sea urchins in the seagrass ecosystem at Batu Jimbar beach, Sanur, Bali Province. In this study, the stations were determined based on the distribution and cover of seagrass so that there were three stations, namely station I located at the coordinates 115 ° 15'58.17 "E - 8 ° 41'52.87"S, while station II was located at coordinates 115 ° 15'59.34 "E - 8 ° 41'48.15"S, and Station III is located at coordinates 115 ° 16'0.16 "E - 8 ° 41'43.42"S. Sampling was carried out at the lowest tide at the three stations and analyzed using species composition, density, relative density, diversity index, uniformity index, and dominance index.The research results were found 8 types of sea urchins were found consisting of 4 families, namely the Diadematidae family (Echinothrix calamaris, Diadema setosum, Diadema savignyi and Diadema palmeri), Toxopneustidae family (Tripneustes gratilla and Pseudoboletia maculata), Echinometridae family ((Echinometra mathaei) and Stomopneustidae family (Stomopneustes variolaris).The highest density of sea urchins was in Diadema setosum as many as 149 individuals from the three stations with a density value of 0.40 individuals / 375 m2 , while the lowest density for sea urchins was 1 individual / 375 m2 . The highest relative density was in the type of Diadema setosum as much as 149 individuals / 375 m2 and the lowest relative density was in the type of Diadema palmeri as many as 1 individual / 375 m2. The structure of the sea urchin community on Batu Jimbar beach, Sanur shows that from all stations, the value of diversity is moderate with a value of 1.65, the uniformity value is not evenly distributed with a value of 0.00349 and a dominance value of 0.22 it can be concluded that there are no species. which dominates at Batu Jimbar beach in Sanur.    
      PubDate: 2022-10-31
      DOI: 10.22225/seas.6.2.4976.119-133
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Effectiveness of Agricultural Insurance Program as A Sustainable
           Agricultural Development Effort

    • Authors: yudiarini nyoman, Luh Putu Kirana Pratiwi, Made Budiasa
      Pages: 134 - 143
      Abstract: In an effort to develop agriculture, especially as a protection for farmers against crop failure, the provincial government of Bali through the National Food Security program has established Badung Regency as a pilot project for implementing agricultural insurance through the Jasindo Insurance Company. This concept is applied as a guarantee for farmers in terms of price fluctuations of agricultural products that tend to decline, thus triggering the reduction of agricultural terrain that increases each year in Bali Province. This study goals to analyse the level of effectiveness of the agricultural insurance program and to analyze the factors that affect the level of effectiveness of the insurance program as an attempt to develop sustainable agriculture in Bongkasa Village, Abiansemal Region, Badung Regency. The method of analysis in this research is done quantitatively, namely this study uses two analyzes, namely descriptive analysis which is used to analyze the level of effectiveness of agricultural insurance programs and Confirmatory Factor Analysis which is used to confirm latent variables and indicators. The results of the analysis show that the level of effectiveness of the agricultural insurance program is 81.75 percent with effective criteria. The variable that has a dominant affect on the performance of the insurance program as an effort to develop sustainable agriculture is the process variable which is then followed by the output variable and the input variable.
      PubDate: 2022-10-31
      DOI: 10.22225/seas.6.2.5856.134-143
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Mangosteen Agribusiness Partnership In PT. Radja Manggis Sejati, Padangan
           Village, Tabanan Regency

    • Authors: Luh Putu Kirana Pratiwi, Nyoman Yudiarini, Ida Ayu Made Dwi Susanti
      Pages: 144 - 151
      Abstract: One of the agricultural sub-sectors that apply the mangosteen commodity partnership pattern in Bali is STA Sari Buah with PT Radja Manggis Sejati in Padangan Village, Pupuan District, Tabanan Regency. The development of partnerships can help farmers and business actors in increasing the growth of horticultural agribusiness, especially in the mangosteen commodity. The marketing partnership pattern for the mangosteen commodity is based on a written agreement, but the marketing contract is made between suppliers and farmer groups with exporter companies. Responsibilities of partner groups, namely: taking an inventory of group members and mangosteen trees, cultivating mangosteen properly, collecting mangosteen from farmers, sorting and grading with partner company officers, selling mangosteen to partner companies, and repaying capital loans by deducting from the proceeds of mangosteen sales. . The rights of partner group members are to obtain loans, to be able to supply mangosteen to partner companies, to obtain prices according to the prevailing market prices, to receive payments by bank transfer as soon as the goods are received by the partner companies, and to receive a fee for each kilogram of mangosteen deposited.
      PubDate: 2022-10-31
      DOI: 10.22225/seas.6.2.5857.144-151
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The Effect of Giving Paklobutrasol and Calcitor Fertilixer on The Yield of
           Siamese Citrus

    • Authors: I Komang Juniarta, Ni Putu Anom Sulistiawati, Ni Komang Alit Astiari
      Pages: 152 - 159
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of giving paklobutrasol and calcitor fertilizer and their interaction on the yield of Siamese orange (Citrus nobillis var microcarva L.) conducted in Bayung Gede Village, Kintamani District, Bangli Regency from December 2021 to July 2022. This study using a randomized block design (RAK) with 2 factors arranged in a factorial manner. The first factor that was tried was the administration of Paklobutrazole (P) which consisted of 4 levels, namely: P0 (0 cc/L water), P1 (5 cc/L water), P2 (10 cc/L water). P3 (15 cc/L water) while the second factor is the application of calcitor fertilizer (K) which consists of 4 levels, namely: K0 (0 cc/L water), K1 (3 cc/L water), K2 (6 cc/L water ), K3 (9 cc/L water). Thus, there were 16 combination treatments, each of which was repeated 3 times so that 48 citrus trees were needed. The results showed that the interaction between the administration of Paklobutrasol and Kalsitor Fertilizer (PxK) had no significant effect on all observed variables. The highest harvested fruit weight per tree was obtained in the treatment with Paklobutrasol 15cc/tree, which was 7.77 kg or an increase of 78.21% when compared to the treatment without Paklobutrasol, which was 4.36 kg, while the highest harvested fruit weight per tree was obtained in the treatment with Calcitor Fertilizer 9cc/tree, which was 6.90. kg or an increase of 28.49% compared to the treatment without the application of calcitor fertilizer, namely 5.37 kg.
      PubDate: 2022-10-31
      DOI: 10.22225/seas.6.2.5627.152-159
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Effect of Organic Fertilizer Doses of Coal And Mutiara NPK on The Growth
           of Grafting Yields of Pomelo Seedlings (Citrus grandis L. Osbeck)

    • Authors: Ni Komang Ayu Aryawati Dewi, Made Sri Yuliartini, Ida Bagus Komang Mahardika
      Pages: 160 - 165
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the effect of giving a dose of organic coal fertilizer and NPK fertilizer on the growth of grafting seedlings of pomelo varieties. This research is an experiment on polybag planting media conducted at UPTD. Balai Benih Tanaman Pangan dan Hortikultura of Bali Province from February to July 2022. This study was arranged based on a Completely Randomized Block Design (RCBD) with 2 factors arranged in a factorial manner. The first factor is the dose of coal organic fertilizer (B) consisting of 4 levels: B0: 0 gr/polybag, B1: 71 gr/polybag, B2: 142 gr/polybag, B3: 213 gr/polybag. The second factor was the dose of NPK (N) consisting of 4 levels: N0:0 g/polybag, N1: 18.75 g/polybag, N2:37.5 g/polybag, N3:56.25 g/polybag. Thus, there were 16 treatment combinations, each of which was repeated 3 times to obtain 48 polybags. The results of statistical analysis showed that the interaction (B×N) and 0.05) on shoot growth variables (days), shoot cultation length (cm), bud grafting diameter (mm), number of leaves (strand), total leaf area (cm2). The fastest rootstock cuttings were obtained with a dose of NPK fertilizer of 37.5 g/polybag (N2) which was 6.67 days and the difference was not significant at a dose of 18.75 g/polybag (N1) which was 7.42 days. Keywords : dose, coal fertilizer, npk fertilizer, grafting, pomelo      
      PubDate: 2022-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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