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  Subjects -> CONSERVATION (Total: 128 journals)
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Natural Resources and Conservation
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2331-6365 - ISSN (Online) 2331-6373
Published by Horizon Research Publishing Homepage  [51 journals]
  • Ecosystem-Based Marine Spatial Planning: An Approach to Marine and Coastal
           Area Management in Southernmost Brazil

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Sep 2021
      Source:Natural Resources and Conservation  Volume  9  Number  2  Paulo H. Mattos   Jean A. Espinoza   Raphael M. Pinotti   João L. Nicolodi   Lauro J. Calliari   and Kahuam S. Gianuca   One of the great challenges faced due to current human demands is to reconcile the conservation of the innumerable natural resources present in the marine realm with the intense development processes occurring in the coastal zones. The latter aspect includes Marine Spatial Planning (MSP), an important management tool created to establish a more rational organization of the use of marine and coastal areas, equalizing the demands of development with the need to protect these ecosystems. Some of the most important international organizations — the European Union, OSPAR, HELCOM/VASAB, and the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) — are encouraging MSP at a national level. Another efficient tool is Ecosystem-based Management (EBM), which allows a full arrangement of interactions within the marine realm and effectively integrates science and governance for the management of natural resources. This work aims to propose an integrated analysis methodology using an EBM approach that encompasses environmental variables and current and potential uses, contributing to the implementation of marine spatial planning for the inner continental shelf surrounding the Patos lagoon estuary. Datasets were used to produce the thematic maps, such as surface sedimentology, location of the ecologically important submerged features, occurrence of mineral resources and zoobenthic fauna, with trophic importance and/or endangered. A sedimentological map was initially drawn; it was possible to observe the predominance of fine sand sediments between the coastal zone and the 50 meter isobaths, together with some coarse and medium quartzose sand and shell gravel deposits. The identification of these sedimentological patterns is fundamental in the understanding of the benthic communities, in addition to creating subsidies for the conservation of species. The present study proposes the creation of zones for exclusive use and multiple-use based on the surveys and mapping of the environmental and socioeconomic features of the region.
      PubDate: Sep 2021
       
  • Post Mining Application: Tuzluca Rock Salt Mine Therapy Center for Health
           Tourism

    • Abstract: Publication date:  June 2021
      Source:Natural Resources and Conservation  Volume  9  Number  1  Okan Özbakır   Mustafa Öcal   and Mehmet Hakkı Alma   The rapid development of technology coupled with the increases in population led to requirement of raw materials. For that reason, the largest quantity of production is needed but the large production causes significant social, economic and ecological consequences regarding a sustainable mining activity. Preserving the relevant balances reveals the necessity of developing sustainable projects after mining. Thus, development or sustainable development should be defined not only as increasing the welfare level, but also as protecting human rights, political rights and ecological balance, and leaving a liveable world to future generations. Herewith present study, Tuzluca rock salt mine was been assessed. Due to being located on the Silk Road, Tuzluca (Igdir, Turkey) rock salt mine with its rich reserves and tenors has been of great economic importance since ancient times. Within the areas of this salt mine, the production is still being carried out but the relevant and safe areas are under project for salt therapy purposes. Due to the unique properties of the salt mine and underground air, and its therapeutic ability potential, these areas have been assessed for health tourism, viz. Speleotherapy and Halotherapy center. These treatments are known to be very beneficial for respiratory tract, ear, nose, throat and skin diseases within the framework of complementary medicine applications. However, we should herein note that mining activities carried out might bring significant consequences regarding the social and ecological structures of the region. With the ongoing increase in mining activities, it has enabled the necessary investments, employment, education, trade and infrastructure for the residential area to develop over time. Along with the present project, we have aimed at developing and providing a sustainable prosperity and a safe future after salt mining activities, also aiming at making significant contributions to the region.
      PubDate: June 2021
       
 
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