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  Subjects -> CONSERVATION (Total: 128 journals)
Showing 1 - 37 of 37 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Research in Conservation Science     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advanced Sustainable Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
AICCM Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ambiens. Revista Iberoamericana Universitaria en Ambiente, Sociedad y Sustentabilidad     Open Access  
American Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Animal Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Arcada : Revista de conservación del patrimonio cultural     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archeomatica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arid Land Research and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Plant Conservation: Journal of the Australian Network for Plant Conservation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Biodiversity and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 206)
Biological Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 261)
Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Challenges in Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Conservación Vegetal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Conservation Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 295)
Conservation Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Conservation Science     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Conservation Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Diversity and Distributions     Open Access   (Followers: 43)
Earth's Future     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Eastern European Countryside     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ecological Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 148)
Ecological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ecological Restoration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Ecology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 103)
Ecology and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
Environment and Planning E : Nature and Space     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Environment Conservation Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Environmental and Sustainability Indicators     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Environmental Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Ethnobiology and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Countryside     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forest Policy and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Forum Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Functional Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Future Anterior     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Ecology and Biogeography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Global Ecology and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Human Dimensions of Wildlife: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Ideas in Ecology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
In Situ. Revue des patrimoines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Conservation     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of Sustainability Accounting and Management     Open Access  
Interações (Campo Grande)     Open Access  
Interdisciplinary Environmental Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Architectural Heritage: Conservation, Analysis, and Restoration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Environment and Pollution     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Global Energy Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Soil and Water Conservation Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intervención     Open Access  
Journal for Nature Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of East African Natural History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Industrial Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Paper Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Rural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Sustainable Mining     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Institute of Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Threatened Taxa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Urban Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Julius-Kühn-Archiv     Open Access  
Lakes & Reservoirs Research & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Landscape and Urban Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Madagascar Conservation & Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Madera y Bosques     Open Access  
Natural Resources and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Natural Resources Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Nature Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Nature Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Neotropical Biology and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nepalese Journal of Development and Rural Studies     Open Access  
Novos Cadernos NAEA     Open Access  
npj Urban Sustainability     Open Access  
Nusantara Bioscience     Open Access  
One Ecosystem     Open Access  
Oryx     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Pacific Conservation Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Park Watch     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Process Integration and Optimization for Sustainability     Hybrid Journal  
Rangeland Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Recursos Rurais     Open Access  
Recycling     Open Access  
Regional Sustainability     Open Access  
Resources, Conservation & Recycling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Resources, Conservation & Recycling : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Restoration Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Revista de Ciencias Ambientales     Open Access  
Revista de Direito e Sustentabilidade     Open Access  
Revista Meio Ambiente e Sustentabilidade     Open Access  
Revista Memorare     Open Access  
Rural Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Savana Cendana     Open Access  
Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Socio-Ecological Practice Research     Hybrid Journal  
Soil Ecology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Southern Forests : a Journal of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Studies in Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Sustainable Earth     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sustainable Environment Agricultural Science (SEAS)     Open Access  
Tanzania Journal of Forestry and Nature Conservation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Tropical Conservation Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tropical Ecology     Hybrid Journal  
VITRUVIO : International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability     Open Access  
Water Conservation Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Wildfowl     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Wildlife Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Wildlife Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

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Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution
Number of Followers: 50  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2296-701X
Published by Frontiers Media Homepage  [96 journals]
  • The biophysical effects of potential changes in irrigated crops on diurnal
           land surface temperature in Northeast China

    • Authors: Xintao Li, Quansheng Hai, Ke Xia, Battsengel Vandansambuu, Yuhai Bao
      Abstract: Irrigated crops have experienced a significant global expansion. The biophysical response of climate change to irrigated crop expansion in different regions, particularly in terms of monitoring the influence mechanism of nighttime land surface temperature (LST) change, however, remains insufficiently explored. Taking the three northeastern provinces of China as our study area, we apply window analysis, partial correlation analysis, and geographical detector to quantitatively characterize the spatial and temporal distribution pattern of daytime and nighttime LST (diurnal LST) and biophysical parameters, and the main driving mechanism of diurnal LST change. The results showed that irrigated crop expansion led to asymmetric changes in daytime (−2.11 ± 0.2°C, 97.4%) and nighttime (0.64 ± 0.2°C, 79.9%) LST. ΔLSTDT had a negative correlation with ΔLE (63%), but a positive correlation with ΔSSR and ΔH (91% and 77%). This revealed that the cooling effect caused by the superposition of the output latent heat flux and the absorbed solar shortwave radiation was greater than its heating effect. ΔLSTNT and ΔLE had a positive connection across 69% of the region. ΔLSTNT demonstrated a negative correlation with ΔSSR and ΔH in 82% and 75% of the regions, respectively. At this time, the superposition of latent heat flux and heating potential term produces a greater heating effect. The explanatory power of the single factor (the mean of q0.50, p
      PubDate: 2023-09-28T00:00:00Z
  • Optimized layout of supporting facilities in mountainous industrial parks:
           a case study of Chongqing Dadi Industrial Park

    • Authors: Ran Duan, Rui Tang, Zhigang Wang, Jiyi Yang, Jiafu Su
      Abstract: Industrial parks play a pivotal role in driving urban economic growth in China, particularly in light of the country's extensive mountainous terrain. Effective arrangement of supporting facilities within these parks is crucial for steering industries towards high-quality development. However, the intricate topography of mountainous regions presents challenges in devising optimal layouts for these facilities. This article adopts a user-centric perspective to investigate the impact of mountainous terrain on user fatigue within industrial parks. We employ equivalent coefficient methods to establish a correlation between undulating paths in mountainous terrain and flat paths. This correlation serves as the foundation for a visual analytical tool designed to facilitate the rational placement of supporting facilities in mountainous industrial parks. To validate our approach, we conduct an empirical analysis of the supporting facility layout at Chongqing Dadi Industrial Park. The insights gleaned from our study provide a basis for optimizing the placement of supporting facilities in mountainous industrial parks, enhancing user experiences and aligning with urban growth trajectories. In conclusion, our research offers dual benefits: firstly, it provides a scientific framework for guiding the rational layout of supporting facilities in mountainous industrial parks, addressing the challenges posed by complex terrain. Secondly, it offers practical insights into the comprehensive planning and design of these parks, promoting sustainable urban and economic growth. Our research thus emerges as a valuable resource for the advancement and optimization of mountainous industrial parks in China.
      PubDate: 2023-09-28T00:00:00Z
  • Braving the extremes: foraminifera document changes in climate-induced and
           anthropogenic stress in Wadden Sea salt marshes

    • Authors: Dorothea Bunzel, Yvonne Milker, Fabio Francescangeli, Gerhard Schmiedl
      Abstract: Tidal wetlands are highly dynamic ecosystems that are susceptible to changes in sea level and flooding from storm surges. Among them, salt marshes play a key role in coastal protection as they contribute to wave attenuation through their regulating ecosystem services, thereby promoting sediment deposition and shoreline stabilization. However, the resilience of salt marshes, particularly those that have been modified and cultivated for centuries, is questionable in the face of accelerated sea-level rise (SLR) and increasing run-up heights of storm surges. In this context, this study aims to investigate the historical foraminiferal records of two sedimentary salt marsh archives from the Wadden Sea area (Dithmarschen and North Frisia, Germany) that have been modified to varying degrees by human management activities over the last century. The foraminiferal records document how physico-chemical traits of salt marshes of the central Wadden Sea have responded to storm tide inundation over the last century, providing information about salt marsh stability and vulnerability. Abnormally grown tests of the salt marsh indicator species Entzia macrescens increased in number between 1950 CE and the late 1980s, indicating the concurrent increase of environmental stress caused by the effects of times of increased salt marsh flooding. These trends can be linked to observations of amplified North Sea storm surges, corroborating that salt marsh ecosystems respond to changing climate conditions. Differences in the number of abnormal foraminifera between the studied salt marshes suggest a particularly high vulnerability of intensively human-modified coastal wetland ecosystems to amplified storm climate conditions.
      PubDate: 2023-09-28T00:00:00Z
  • Floral resources used by bees in urban areas: the case of Geneva,

    • Authors: Charlène Heiniger, Sophie Rochefort, Patrice Prunier
      Abstract: It is now largely recognized that pollinators are threatened in agricultural habitats. Cities are thus seen as potential refuges for pollinators, if suitable green spaces are available, because they present favorable abiotic conditions for many pollinator species. However, data on resources used by bees in urban habitats are scarce. Moreover, promoting indigenous meadows in urban green spaces could help pollinator’s survival. In this study, Apis mellifera was taken as a model to investigate potential difference in plant diversity used in agricultural and urban habitat. Pollen loads were sampled in 15 hives in both habitat types, using pollen traps. Then, the attractiveness of a melliferous meadow on wild bees was tested. To that end, a new seed mix (BF) including 35 indigenous plants producing nectar and/or pollen harvested by bees was developed and its attractiveness was compared to a seed mix widely used in Geneva (PFG). For most of the season, quantity and diversity of the pollen sampled was not significantly different between agricultural and urban habitats. Nevertheless, honey bees used different species in both habitats, probably because different plant communities are present. Sixty-one wild bee species were observed foraging in the new BF seed mix compared to only 47 species in the PFG. Likewise, more plants species were used in the BF seed mix than in the PFG. These results show that urban zones can be interesting for pollinators because they display diverse and abundant plant communities. Additionally, it shows that urban parks are species rich habitats, and that pollinator communities respond immediately to additional resources when available.
      PubDate: 2023-09-27T00:00:00Z
  • Revisiting the linkage between green finance China’s sustainable
           development: evidence from the pilot zones for green finance reform

    • Authors: Guochao Lin, Johnny F. I. Lam, Yi Shi, Hongxi Chen, Huangxin Chen
      Abstract: Based on the fundamental logic of “green finance – improvement of ecological environment and new kinetic energy of economic development – sustainable development of economy and society”, this paper conducts quasi-natural experiments using panel data from 30 provinces and cities in China between 2013 and 2021. It explores the effects of pilot policies of the green finance reform and innovation pilot zone on the sustainable development of the economy and society through a double difference model. The study reveals that the establishment of the green finance reform and innovation pilot zone has a significant promoting effect on the sustainable development of the economy and society. This conclusion remains valid even after conducting a series of robustness tests. In further analysis, it is found that the promotion effect of the green finance reform and innovation pilot zone on sustainable development exhibits some temporal characteristics. It is particularly significant in regions with lower levels of financial development and industrialization but higher levels of technological innovation. Mechanism analysis indicates that the pathways through which the green finance reform and innovation pilot zone facilitates economic and social sustainable development are relatively singular, primarily revolving around the improvement of the ecological environment. The key contribution of this paper lies in demonstrating the crucial role of pilot policies in the field of sustainable economic and social development. Additionally, it offers new insights for strengthening the implementation effectiveness of green finance pilot policies.
      PubDate: 2023-09-27T00:00:00Z
  • Modeling host–microbiome interactions to improve mechanistic
           understanding of aphid vectored plant pathogens

    • Authors: Laramy Enders, Trevor Hefley
      Abstract: Insect transmission of plant pathogens involves multi-layered interactions between vectors, viruses, host plants and environmental factors. Adding to the complexity of vector–virus relationships are diverse microbial communities, which are hypothesized to influence pathogen transmission. Although vector–virus interaction research has flourished, the role played by microbes in vector competence and disease epidemiology remains unclear in many pathosystems. We therefore aimed to develop a novel ecological modeling approach to identify environmental drivers of complex vector–virus–microbiome interactions, particularly differences in the abundance of microbial symbionts within vector microbiomes and relationships between symbionts and the probability of virus acquisition. Our approach combines established molecular tools for profiling microbial communities with underutilized Bayesian hierarchical modeling and data integration techniques. We used a globally relevant aphid–virus pathosystem to develop custom vector–microbiome models that incorporate environmental covariates (e.g., temperature, landcover) and applied them to individual vector symbionts to identify the extent to which environmental factors drive changes in microbial communities that then influence virus acquisition by the host aphid. Specifically, we focus on the aphid obligate symbiont (Buchnera) and a wide-spread facultative symbiont (Serratia) as proof of concept to develop models for two major vector species that include a single environmental covariate (i.e., temperature). Overall, we demonstrate how community-level modeling and microbiome profiling can identify candidate microbes and environmental variables associated with vector competence. Our modeling framework can accommodate a range of microbial symbionts with different abundances, overcome spatial misalignment of data streams, and is robust to varying levels of disease incidence. Results show Buchnera relative abundance is strongly negatively associated with virus acquisition by the vector S.avenae, but not R. padi. Although Serratia was not associated with R. padi vector competence, relative abundance was influenced by differences in spring temperatures. This work lays the foundation for developing a broader modeling framework for predicting disease dynamics in agroecosystems and deploying microbiome-targeted pest management tactics.
      PubDate: 2023-09-27T00:00:00Z
  • Evaluation and driving factors of ecological integrity in the Alxa League
           from 1990 to 2020

    • Authors: Haoyu Sun, Weijia Cao, Huan Liu, Xuefeng Zhang, Lixin Wang, Lu Wen
      Abstract: Ecological integrity can satisfactorily reflect the comprehensive quality of ecosystems and has become a useful tool for evaluating the ecological environment. Ecological integrity evaluation has been widely applied in various ecosystems. Conducted in the Alxa League, the study established an ecological integrity index based on ecosystem structure, function and resilience and evaluated the ecological integrity of the study area in 1990, 2000, 2010 and 2020. Using hotspots spatial analyses, we analyzed the temporal and spatial variation of ecological integrity index during the study period. The main contributing factors affecting ecological integrity were identified with the help of the geographical detector model. Our results showed that: (1) Ecosystem structure, function and resilience in the Alxa League had obvious spatial heterogeneity and barely changed from 1990 to 2020. (2) Half of the area had a poor ecological integrity index, and the decrease in ecological integrity mainly occurred in the Alxa Left Banner. (3) Among the factors affecting the ecological integrity index, land use intensity was the major driving factor, and desertification was a key reason leading to the decrease. Ecological integrity evaluation can increase public awareness of desert conditions and guide policy makers to make reasonable and sustainable policies or strategies to protect and restore desert ecosystems.
      PubDate: 2023-09-27T00:00:00Z
  • Chemical and population genetic analysis show no evidence of ecotype
           formation in a European population of the parasitoid wasp Nasonia

    • Authors: Jan Buellesbach, Mark Lammers, José van de Belt, Bart A. Pannebakker
      Abstract: Ecotypes, subpopulations or strains of a single species locally adapted to divergent ecological conditions within the same habitat are often considered to be the first steps in sympatric speciation. It has been suggested that two ecotypes are distinguishable in Nasonia vitripennis, a prominent model organism for parasitic Hymenoptera, with one ecotype parasitizing fly pupae in bird nests, and the other one parasitizing fly pupae on carrion. This differentiation into two ecotypes has been hypothesized to indicate incipient sympatric speciation in populations of this globally distributed species. In the present study, we investigated the differentiation into these two distinct ecotypes focusing on chemical profiles and the population genetic divergence in a wild N. vitripennis population from the Netherlands. Isofemale lines were obtained from bird nest boxes and from deer carrion, respectively, representing both microhabitats. To test for phenotypic differentiation, we determined the surface cuticular hydrocarbon (CHC) profiles from wasps of both host patches. Using a panel of 14 microsatellites, we concordantly determined the population genetic structure and tested for genetic differentiation between foundresses obtained from both microhabitats. Both the phenotypic as well as the genetic datasets show no evidence for any kind of separation based on the postulated two ecotypes, but rather suggest free interbreeding with no gene flow interruption between the two distinct host patches. Our findings challenge previous assumptions on clearly distinguishable ecotypes in N. vitripennis, and demonstrate how a chemical ecological assessment coupled with population genetics can be instrumental in re-evaluating the potential of ecological differentiation and incipient speciation mechanisms in parasitoid wasps.
      PubDate: 2023-09-26T00:00:00Z
  • Modeling hyperthermal events in the Mesozoic-Paleogene periods: a review

    • Authors: Yinggang Zhang, Benjamin J. W. Mills, Tianchen He, Xiumian Hu, Maoyan Zhu
      Abstract: Hyperthermal events, which are characterized by rapid and extreme warming, occurred at several points throughout the Mesozoic to Paleogene periods. Model simulation studies have been conducted to investigate the mechanisms behind these events, including the carbon fluxes required to drive observed warming and isotope dynamics, the impact of warming on continental weathering, seawater pH, ocean anoxia, and the mechanism that terminated the warming. Studies using simple box models, Earth system box models, or 3D Earth system models have suggested that warming had a significant biogeochemical impact and would enhance continental weathering, increase ocean anoxia, and drive marine acidification. However, the magnitudes of these impacts remain debated and require further modeling work, as do the reconstructions of carbon fluxes and compositions. This review provides an overview of the current state of knowledge on hyperthermal events and proposes possible modeling development directions to better understand the causes and impacts of these events. Particularly, new long-term ‘semi-spatial’ Earth system models are promising tools for providing new solutions and perspectives on the biogeochemical responses to warming events and the carbon fluxes behind hyperthermal events from the Mesozoic to Paleogene periods.
      PubDate: 2023-09-26T00:00:00Z
  • Long-term monitoring in the boreal forest reveals high spatio-temporal
           variability among primary ecosystem constituents

    • Authors: Charles J. Krebs, Stan Boutin, Rudy Boonstra, Dennis L. Murray, Thomas S. Jung, Mark O’Donoghue, B. Scott Gilbert, Piia M. Kukka, Shawn D. Taylor, T. Morgan, Ryan Drummond, Anthony R. E. Sinclair, Alice J. Kenney
      Abstract: The boreal forest, the world’s largest terrestrial biome, is undergoing dramatic changes owing to anthropogenic stressors, including those of climate change. To track terrestrial ecosystem changes through space and time, robust monitoring programs are needed that survey a variety of ecosystem constituents. We monitored white spruce (Picea glauca) cone crops, berry (Empetrum nigrum, Shepherdia canadensis) production, above-ground mushroom abundance, and the abundance of small mammals (Clethrionomys rutilus, Peromyscus maniculatus), North American red squirrels (Tamiascirus hudsonicus), snowshoe hares (Lepus americanus), and carnivores (Lynx canadensis, Canis latrans, Vulpes vulpes, Martes americana, Mustela erminea) across 5 sites in the Yukon, Canada. Monitoring began in 1973 at Lhù’ààn Mân’ (Kluane Lake) and additional protocols were added until a complete sequence was fixed in 2005 at all 5 sites and continued until 2022. White spruce cone counts show mast years at 3–7-year intervals. Ground berries and soapberry counts were highly variable among sites and counts did not correlate among sites or between years for different species. Red-backed voles showed clear 3–4-year cycles at Kluane and probably at the Mayo and Watson Lake sites, but showed only annual cycles in Whitehorse and Faro. Snowshoe hares fluctuated in 9–10-year cycles in a travelling wave, peaking one year earlier at Watson Lake but in synchrony at all other sites, with no clear sign of peak density changing or cyclic attenuation over the last 50 years. Red squirrel numbers at Kluane exhibit marked inter-year variability, driven mainly by episodic white spruce cone crops and predation from Canada lynx and coyotes as hare densities undergo cyclic decline. Snow track counts to index mammalian predators have been conducted on our Kluane and Mayo sites, indicating that lynx numbers rise and fall with a 1–2-year lag at these two sites, tracking the hare cycle. Coyotes and lynx at Kluane peak together following the hare cycle, but coyote counts are also depressed during deep snow years. To summarize, we noted considerable inter-site variability in the population dynamics of many boreal forest ecosystem constituents, but the keystone species (snowshoe hare, Canada lynx) exhibit remarkably similar population trends across the region. We continue to monitor wildlife abundance, cone crops, berry production, and mushroom biomass to determine changes associated with increasing temperature and fluctuating rainfall. The Yukon boreal forest is changing as climate shifts, but the changes are slow, variable across sites, taxa specific, and of uncertain predictability.
      PubDate: 2023-09-25T00:00:00Z
  • Progressive failure analysis of soil slopes considering the influences of
           humidity and loading

    • Authors: Juan Fang, Aizhong Luo, Shengjun Shao, Changlu Chen
      Abstract: To analyze the progressive failure of structural loess slopes due to changes in humidity and loading, this study analyzes the degrees of influence of these changes on slope failure and their relationships with various structural parameters. According to the analysis, the shear failure of the soil gradually develops with the change of the water content. When the water content reaches a 17%, with the development of shear deformation, the shear zone is formed and finally penetrates the soil body. With the increase of the water content, the total displacement of the slope body gradually develops. When the water content reaches 17%, the total displacement of the slope body changes suddenly. This mutation is consistent with the formation of the shear zone. The sudden change of displacement indicates the penetration of the shear zone and the damage and slippage of the slope. With the increase of the soil moisture of the slope, the strain localization phenomenon occurs, the development of strain localization and shear bands increases, the structural damage increases, and the quantitative structural parameters decrease. The quantitative parameters can therefore be used to evaluate the feasibility and rationality of the progressive failure process of homogeneous structural loess slopes.
      PubDate: 2023-09-25T00:00:00Z
  • The rocks are hotter on the other side of the fence: roadside habitats
           should inform mitigation design

    • Authors: Garrett P. Sisson, Willem M. Roosenburg
      Abstract: Maintaining viable populations of large reptiles is often challenging in road fragmented landscapes. While mitigation structures can reduce impacts, few studies have investigated how mitigation success can be affected by roadside habitats. In southeast Ohio, USA, we evaluated mitigation effectiveness for state-endangered timber rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus) at a new highway in a forested landscape. Road construction at the study site created a wide corridor of open canopy habitats (the right-of-way; ROW) containing roadcuts and stone piles. However, exclusion fencing was constructed along the forest-ROW boundary, leaving the open canopy habitats on the road-side of the fence. Over three years, we monitored 6 rattlesnakes using radiotelemetry and found that rattlesnakes repeatedly crossed the fence to access forest-edge and ROW habitats. Rattlesnakes ostensibly crossed through damaged sections of the fence. The ROW was used most intensively by gravid females (n = 2), with their core home ranges overlapping the ROW by more than 50 percent. Despite the fence crossings, all home ranges were bounded by the highway and no rattlesnake road mortality was observed. Operative temperature models revealed that the ROW provided warmer thermal regimes that were rare or unavailable in the forest. On average, field preferred gestation temperatures (Tb = 29.7°C, SD = 1.8) could be attained or exceeded for more than 5 times as many hours per day in the ROW (7.8 hours) than in the forest (1.4 hours). Habitat selection models indicated gravid females selected warmer thermal habitats that were spatially concentrated in the ROW and edge habitats, while non-gravid snakes avoided the ROW beyond the forest edge. Habitat use within the ROW was mostly limited to rocky microhabitat structures, especially riprap stone piles and subsurface rock crevices on roadcuts, which provided buffered thermal regimes with refugia from extreme temperatures during the day and warmer Te through the night. In forested landscapes, we encourage road planners to consider whether new road corridors are likely to introduce basking sites, and if so, maintain those features on the habitat-side of exclusion fencing, and consider restoring basking sites in the surrounding forest to reduce the potential for ecological trap formation.
      PubDate: 2023-09-25T00:00:00Z
  • Lessons learned from community and citizen science monitoring on the Elwha
           River restoration project

    • Authors: M. V. Eitzel, Ryan Meyer, Sarah Morley, Ian Miller, Patrick B. Shafroth, Chelsea Behymer, Christopher Jadallah, David Parks, Anna Kagley, Anne Shaffer, Heidi Ballard
      Abstract: Community and citizen science (CCS) projects – initiatives that involve public participation in scientific research – can both sustain and expand long-term monitoring of large dam removal projects. In this article, we discuss our perspectives on CCS associated with the Elwha River dam removals. We summarize how the public has been or could be involved in monitoring and distill lessons learned for other large dam removal projects. Much of the Elwha monitoring involved technical field work requiring training and incurring potential liability risks, guiding projects towards smaller-scale public involvement. Partnering with organizations that have capacity for volunteer management expanded CCS opportunities and provided logistical support to project managers committed to public engagement. We found that many projects engaged with students and/or with paid or unpaid interns; compensating participants in various ways can help to create reciprocal relationships that support long-term monitoring. In the future, other large dam removals could consider planning ahead for community involvement in dam removal monitoring to accommodate the technical and potentially hazardous nature of the work – broadening who may be able to participate. In addition, involving community members in setting research agendas could be an important first step in engaging them in long-term monitoring, in turn facilitating multi-generational research at the timescale of landscape-level changes. Finally, explicit relationship-building with Indigenous communities can enhance the benefits of community engagement in dam removal science for all involved.
      PubDate: 2023-09-25T00:00:00Z
  • Early developmental stages of a Lower Ordovician marrellid from Morocco
           suggest simple ontogenetic niche differentiation in early euarthropods

    • Authors: Lukáš Laibl, Pierre Gueriau, Farid Saleh, Francesc Pérez-Peris, Lorenzo Lustri, Harriet B. Drage, Orla G. Bath Enright, Gaëtan J.-M. Potin, Allison C. Daley
      Abstract: Early developmental stages of euarthropods are exceptionally rare in the fossil record. This hampers our understanding of the biology, phylogeny, and development of this extremely diverse metazoan group. Herein, we use classical paleontological methods in combination with synchrotron X-ray microtomography to explore the morphology in ca. 480 million-year-old early developmental stages of the Lower Ordovician Fezouata Shale marrellid euarthropod. These stages range between 3.8 and 5.3 mm in length and are characterized by three distinct pairs of gently curved spines that projects from the head shield. The first pair of cephalic appendages are represented by uniramous antenullae of a sensory function. The second pair of cephalic appendages is robust, and had an anchoring or stabilizing function. The third cephalic appendage pair is composed of long cylindrical podomeres and was used for walking. The trunk appendages are biramous and consist of an endopod and a lamellate exopod. Two anterior trunk endopods are composed of long slender podomeres and were used for walking, while the more posterior trunk endopods bear robust endites and associated setae and were used for food gathering. The trunk of the earliest developmental stages is composed of thirteen segments, in contrast to more than 22 segments in the adult trunk. The similar appendage morphology and differentiation along the body is evident in adult individuals of the Fezouata marrellid, suggesting these different developmental stages shared similar methods of locomotion and food processing. Given that adults and juveniles are often preserved in the same or nearby sites, the niche differentiation between these life stages would be the result of the absolute smaller appendage size in immature stages compared to larger adults, effectively differentiating the size of food resources consumed by each. In addition, the delicate setae present in the posterior trunk appendages of early developmental stages might have been used to capture smaller food particles. This simple mode of ontogenetic niche differentiation might have been common in the early diverging euarthropod groups.
      PubDate: 2023-09-25T00:00:00Z
  • Adaptive slope reliability analysis method based on sliced inverse
           regression dimensionality reduction

    • Authors: Zheng Zhou, Hai-Bin Xiong, Wen-Xia Wu, Yi-Jian Yang, Xu-Hai Yang
      Abstract: The response surface model has been widely used in slope reliability analysis owing to its efficiency. However, this method still has certain limitations, especially the curse of high dimensionality when considering the spatial variability of geotechnical parameters. The slice inverse regression dimensionality reduction method is efficient to obtaining the dimensionality-reduction variables from the original soil parameters space, before constructing the response surface. However, the dimensionality reduction process may cause accuracy deficiency due to the loss of variable information. An adaptive slope reliability analysis method is proposed to quantify and correct information loss and errors. Additionally, the slope failure probability based on the response surface in the dimensionality reduction space is modified to an unbiased one based on the finite model in the original space. In this study, two soil slopes considering spatial variability are taken as examples. The results illustrate that this method can effectively reduce the loss of accuracy in the dimensionality reduction process, while obtaining unbiased finite-element-based failure probability effectually. The method addresses the limitation whereby the accuracy of the dimensionality reduction process depends on the sample size and the number of dimensionality-reduction variables. Simultaneously, the proposed method significantly improves the computational efficiency of the sliced inverse regression method and realizes a reasonable dimensionality reduction effect, thereby improving the application of the response surface in practical slope reliability high-dimensional issues.
      PubDate: 2023-09-22T00:00:00Z
  • Regional differences and evolution trends of China’s industrial
           green transformation

    • Authors: Chunyan Liu, Jun Xu, Jun Zhao
      Abstract: Green and low-carbon development is the direction of the current technological revolution and industrial transformation, while China is still in the historical stage of deep industrialization and has yet to completely break away from the high-input, high-consumption, and high-emission development method, and is still facing serious challenges in terms of improving the efficiency of resource utilization and reducing pollution emissions. To effectively promote China’s industrial green transformation, it is necessary to accurately grasp its development connotations and scientifically realize the measurement of industrial green transformation. Therefore, this paper measures the efficiency of China’s industrial green transformation, based on the directional distance function and the Global Malmquist-Luenberger (GML) index, to portray its distribution dynamics, regional differences and further identify its growth drivers. The results found that the overall efficiency of China’s industrial green transformation has been steadily increasing, and that the regional pattern is characterized by northwestern, northeastern, central, eastern and southwestern regions, in that order. The Markov chain estimates show that industrial green transformation efficiency is most likely to remain in its original state, with probabilities of 88.31%, 63.54%, 42.86%, and 75.61% for low, medium-low, medium-high, and high levels respectively, but also has a jump shift characteristic, with a certain possibility of falling back from the high-efficiency state to the low state. Dagum Gini coefficient estimation results show that differences between groups in the five major regions are the main source of the widening differences in the overall industrial green transformation, with the contribution remaining at around 60%. Further research suggests that economic growth, technological progress, foreign trade, and foreign direct investment (FDI) may lead to a widening of the efficiency gap in industrial green transformation, while the industrial structure and outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) help to reduce spatial differences to some extent. Based on the above conclusions, this paper proposes some countermeasures to promote the overall improvement and coordinated development of China’s industrial green transformation.
      PubDate: 2023-09-22T00:00:00Z
  • Environmental and spatial factors play different roles in phytoplankton
           community assembly in different hydrological seasons in Lake Wuchang,

    • Authors: Zihao Meng, Kang Chen, Feifei Hu, Lu Liu, Deguo Yang, Xuemei Li
      Abstract: Lake phytoplankton communities are affected by environmental and spatial factors. We studied the relative importance of environmental and spatial factors on the phytoplankton community assembly in Lake Wuchang across three hydrological seasons, which were divided into dry (December to March), normal (April to June, October to November) and wet seasons (July to September) based on the water level and depth. Spatial and temporal patterns of environmental factors and phytoplankton community composition and diversity were studied using Kruskal–Wallis test, Wilcoxon test and NMDS. CCA, Mantel and partial Mantel tests, and PLS-PM were used to investigate the effects of environmental and spatial factors on phytoplankton community characteristics. Results showed that phytoplankton assemblages at the eight study sites were composed of totally 244 species belonging to 9 phyla, which changed from Bacillariophyta and Chlorophyta to Cyanophyta across the whole hydrological period. There was significantly higher abundance and biomass in the normal and wet seasons than that in the dry season. Phytoplankton alpha diversity exhibited uniform temporal distribution patterns with higher values in the dry season than in the normal and wet seasons. The Mantel and partial Mantel tests revealed that environmental (physicochemical conditions of lake water) and spatial factors (geographic distances among sites) jointly affected the phytoplankton community structure and beta diversity across the hydrological seasons, while spatial factors were more important in the wet season. Partial least squares path models showed that spatial factors exhibited a significant positive correlation with the phytoplankton diversity with the path coefficients of 0.53 and 0.71 in the normal and wet seasons, respectively. Phytoplankton composition had significant correlation with on phytoplankton diversity with the path coefficient of −0.75 and 0.61 in the normal and wet seasons, respectively. Our findings revealed that both environmental and spatial factors affected the phytoplankton community assembly in Lake Wuchang. Environmental factors played a more important role in the dry season, while spatial factors were more important in the wet season. With the exception of the abiotic factors (environmental and spatial), the impacts of biotic factors on phytoplankton community cannot be ignored. Therefore, it is also necessary to strengthen further research on the top-down control over phytoplankton communities in Lake Wuchang.
      PubDate: 2023-09-22T00:00:00Z
  • A survey of blow fly (Diptera: Calliphoridae) populations in Phoenix,

    • Authors: Andrew W. Meeds, Travis W. Rusch, Danielle L. Falcone, Lauren M. Weidner
      Abstract: Utilizing insects in legal investigations as a tool for estimating forensically important timelines (e.g., minimum post-mortem interval (min-PMI)) is becoming more commonly used and accepted throughout the world. In the United States much of the climate is temperate, however, the Sonoran Desert is an arid location with extreme heat and irregular rainfall. Work on forensically relevant insects in this region is severely understudied. This study surveyed the populations of forensically important blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in Phoenix, Arizona for one year using traps baited with four different food sources. Nine species across four genera were collected with Lucilia sericata, Calliphora latifrons, and Lucilia mexicana accounting for 98.6% of total blow flies captured in the baited traps. Abundance drastically changed throughout the year, ranging from 500+ flies to 0 flies captured in a month, with species abundance correlating with temperature and humidity. These results reveal that environmental conditions (i.e., maximum temperature and relative humidity) may limit blow fly activity or seasonally remove (or make inactive) entire local populations, thus affecting their ability to colonize remains and produce an accurate min-PMI.
      PubDate: 2023-09-21T00:00:00Z
  • Genetic connectivity constrained by natural barriers in a key agricultural
           pest: insights from mitochondrial DNA analysis

    • Authors: Jinyu Li, Yi Mao, Kai Li, Wei Chen, Linyang Sun, Bang Zhang
      Abstract: In the context of anthropogenic global change, the study of landscape effects on species movement has garnered increasing attention. Landscape genetics offer indirect yet attractive means to capture species dispersal events across generations and their interaction with landscapes. However, landscape genetic patterns tend to exhibit significant variations across taxa and rely on the molecular makers adopted. Here, we investigated how landscapes influence population connectivity of an important tea pest, Empoasca onukii, using mitochondrial DNA sequences of 1,518 individuals from 57 locations in mainland China and offshore islands. We analyzed the inter-population genetic divergence and integrated multiple models to explicitly quantify their association with geographic distance, environmental heterogeneity, and landscape barriers. Analyses revealed a reduction in gene flow on islands, along the Yangtze River, and across mountainous regions of Western China. Models explicitly detected the predominant contributions of topographic complexity to population divergence and evidenced that mountains may serve as effective dispersal barriers for E. onukii. These results suggest that the limited gene exchange resulting from low population connectivity among mountains might generate the observed patterns of mitochondrial genetic variations, which contrasts the climate-related pattern previously observed on microsatellites. The findings enhance our comprehension of the evolutionary and epidemic dynamics of E. onukii, and highlight the demand of considering species-specific traits when studying population landscape genetic patterns. Moreover, the study emphasizes the necessity of employing multiple molecular markers to comprehensively elucidate landscape effects on population connectivity across diverse species for valuable insights into biodiversity conservation, pest control, and other management decisions.
      PubDate: 2023-09-21T00:00:00Z
  • Ecological vulnerability assessment of coral islands and reefs in the
           South China Sea based on remote sensing and reanalysis data

    • Authors: Yuan Ma, Changbo Jiang, Shanshan Li, Yizhuang Liu, Xiaofeng Wen, Yuannan Long, Shuai Yuan, Yuantai Kang, Yongjie Wang, Ruixuan Wu
      Abstract: Coral reefs are ecosystems that are highly vulnerable to external environmental impacts, including changes associated with ocean acidification and global warming. Assessing the vulnerability of coral reef growth environments over large areas of the sea is a difficult and complex process, as it is influenced by many variables. There are few studies on environmental vulnerability assessment of coral islands and reefs in the South China Sea. It is therefore particularly important to understand the environmental sensitivity of corals and how coral communities respond to changes in climate-related environmental variables. In this study, indicators were selected mainly from natural environmental factors that hinder the development of coral reefs. The sea surface temperature (SST), sea surface salinity (SSS), wind velocity (WV) and direction, sea level height (SL), ocean currents (OC), and chlorophyll concentration (Chl) of coral reefs in South China Sea Island were integrated to calculate the coral reef environmental vulnerability region. In a GIS environment, Spatial Principal Component Analysis (SPCA) was used to develop sensitivity models and evaluate the ecological vulnerability of coral reefs. Based on the Environmental vulnerability indicator (EVI) values, the study area was classified as 5 grades of ecological vulnerability: Potential (0.000–0.577), Light (0.577–0.780), Medium (0.780–0.886), Heavy (0.886–0.993) and Very Heavy (0.993–1.131). Sensitivity models identified regional gradients of environmental stress and found that some coral reefs in western Malaysia and southwestern Philippines have higher vulnerability. Meanwhile, the study found that the reefs of Paracel Islands and Macclesfield Bank areas of medium vulnerability. Future use of high-precision data from long time series will allow better estimates of site-specific vulnerability and allow for the precise establishment of marine protected areas so that the ecological diversity of coral reefs can be sustained.
      PubDate: 2023-09-21T00:00:00Z
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