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  Subjects -> CONSERVATION (Total: 128 journals)
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Ecological Restoration
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.36
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 24  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1543-4060 - ISSN (Online) 1543-4079
Published by U of Wisconsin Press Homepage  [10 journals]
  • The Iliad, Book XXV. Restoration of the Trojan War Battlefield

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      Abstract: Editor's note: In our world of almost constant war, human loss and financial damages are immense. Landscapes and habitats also can be devastated by long-term battles, what W.H. Auden called "An artificial wilderness. … A plain without a feature, bare and brown." Eventually wars end and societies slowly rebuild. The militarized landscape takes longer to be addressed and to mend.Post-war ecological restoration can be an enormous part of this discipline's work. In our literary tradition, the Iliad of Homer evokes the deepest human dramas of a long war. But the poet ends the saga at the end of the battles, with the burial of Hector, Troy's hero. What if Homer had ended not with this sad scene in Book XXIV, but with the ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-11-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Can Forest Restoration Affect the Genetic Diversity of Plants'

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      Abstract: Restoration efforts are not merely beneficial for conserving remaining forests, but may also be the only opportunity to ensure biodiversity conservation and environmental stability over time. For example, addressing reforestation and reducing deforestation rates can lead to positive effects such as decreasing the isolation of remaining fragments (Taubert et al. 2018), while reforested areas can serve as biological corridors between conservation areas (Chazdon et al. 2017). The restoration of priority areas—especially those with high potential for regeneration—can facilitate gene flow and mitigate the decreased gene flow that inevitably follows the loss of extensive forest cover (Santos et al. 2016).Restoration can ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-11-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Using Hot Foam to Control an Invasive Annual, Bromus tectorum
           (cheatgrass), before Seeding: Initial Observations

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      Abstract: Bromus tectorum (cheatgrass) is an invasive annual present in much of the western United States (Monaco 2011). The species results in increased fire frequency (Whisenant 1990) and reduced native-plant diversity (Daubenmire 1970) and threatens the habitat for sensitive species such as Centrocercus urophasianus (greater sage-grouse) (Connelly et al. 2000). This has engendered numerous restoration efforts using herbicides to control B. tectorum before seeding native species (Monaco et al. 2017). Unfortunately, using herbicides leads to resistance and environmental effects, such as interference with salmon olfaction when exposed to glyphosate (Tierney et al. 2006), which has been detected in precipitation and rivers ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-11-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Evidence for an Arboretum as a Point Source of Exotic Invasive Plants in
           Cincinnati, Ohio

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      Abstract: Invasive alien plant species are a form of biological pollution resulting in the loss of native biodiversity (Gratzfeld 2016). Next to landscape alteration, the next most serious threat to our native flora is the presence of exotic species (Homoya 2012). The effort to control exotic plant species in natural areas is at great expense, both monetarily and timewise resulting in much collateral damage to native plants, wildlife and humans caused by the extensive use of herbicides and mechanical equipment (DiCicco 2014, Conover and Bergstein 2022). The primary pathway for invasive alien plant introductions is ornamental horticulture (Hulme et al. 2018). Botanical gardens, including arboretums, provide some of the best ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-11-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Gauging Geographic Literacy to Inform Puget Sound Restoration

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      Abstract: Diverse forms of inputs and knowledge contribute to ecological restoration (Clifford et al. 2021, Biedenweg et al. 2023). Place and place-based knowledge are one set of inputs that inform restoration. Place entails values, senses of place, land use and planning, behaviors, and governance (Cheng et al. 2003, Williams et al. 2013). The emergence of place-based conservation and even place-based policy illustrate the central role of place, including social-ecological context, place-dependent human well-being, local place-based knowledge, and place-affiliated culture, in restoration and broader forms of land management, planning, and policy (Williams et al. 2013, di Sciara et al. 2016, Beer et al. 2020). Williams et al. ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-11-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Mid-contract Management Alters Conservation Reserve Program Vegetation in
           the Central and Western United States

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      Abstract: Disturbance was historically important in most North American grasslands and remains important to their diversity and function.The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) typically requires mid-contract management after five years, creating infrequent disturbance through grazing, haying, mowing, burning, or disking.We found that following infrequent disturbance, there was higher cover of flowering forbs and marginally greater diversity of pollinator-friendly plants, as well as a reduced tendency of grasses to exclude forb species and no measurable increase in erosion indicators.Grazing or haying was a better method to reduce the presence of noxious grasses than mowing or disking, while haying or disking offered better ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-11-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • We Built It; Did They Come' Pollinator Diversity and Community Structure
           in a Post-Mining Prairie Restoration Project

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      Abstract: Prairie mixes can successfully establish on reclaimed mine land, providing native plant conservation value. While they will not necessarily increase pollinator diversity and abundance, they may provide habitat for specialist pollinator species.Pollinator abundance and diversity is directly related to floral abundance and diversity, so seed mixes incorporating diverse floral morphology and color with continuous bloom throughout the growing season will best support pollinators.This article was prepared by a U.S. government employee as part of the employee's official duties and is in the public domain in the United States.Conversion of land from natural systems to human-dominated land cover types has resulted in the ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-11-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Early Impacts of Invasive Shrub Removal on Riparian Arthropod Communities

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      Abstract: Arthropod community composition, quantified as the relative abundance of community members, shifted in association with E. angustifolia removal after two years.Arthropod responses may be related to increased plant diversity after E. angustifolia removal, but structure of vegetation cover also likely influenced family-level responses.Restoration planning that considers structural continuity may be important to maintaining key arthropod groups during restoration implementation.This article was prepared by a U.S. government employee as part of the employee's official duties and is in the public domain in the United States.Plant invasions change resident native communities in complex ways. Invasive plant removal is a ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-11-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Visitor Use and Activities Detected Using Trail Cameras at Forest
           Restoration Sites

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      Abstract: We demonstrate infrared trail cameras can successfully capture visitation rates and activity types of human visitors at restoration sites that are open to the public.Details are provided of the cost of this visitor sampling, including equipment and time costs.Rarefaction analyses provide advice to managers on deployment timeframes required to adequately estimate the number of daily visitors and types of activities.Results from this study could be used for quantifying baseline visitor use levels, recovery of human-use losses, monitoring data points in long-term restoration progress assessments, and inputting detailed economic valuations of recovered ecosystem services.The benefits of afforestation on marginal or ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-11-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Demography, Time to First Flowering and Longevity of 14 Temperate Forest
           Herbaceous Species, Iowa, USA

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      Abstract: The ability of temperate forest herbaceous species to recover from disturbance, expand existing populations and to colonize new secondary woods may be limited by both seed shortage (lack of dispersal) and suitable safe sites (sites where seedling establishment is possible). This study demonstrated seed limitation, as 13 of 14 species included in the study successfully established at both occupied and unoccupied sites.The long time to first flowering suggests restoration of these species through seed addition requires patience; however, their long lifespans also suggest that, once established, lengthy population persistence is possible.Anthropogenic disturbances in the Midwest and eastern United States are ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-11-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Land Restoration Amid Male Outmigration: The Cases of Burkina Faso and
           Kenya

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      Abstract: Rural outmigration is a widespread rural livelihood strategy that needs to be considered when promoting smallholder restoration.A multi-sited approach to evaluating the relationship between migration and restoration in two settings with high rural outmigration (Burkina Faso and Kenya) demonstrates the importance of understanding local context in restoration projects.The relationship between migration and smallholder restoration is contextually specific, and shaped by the type, timing, and duration of migration as well as the characteristics of specific restorative activities and their labor and seasonal requirements.Restoration projects and programs must consider gendered migration and labor patterns and ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-11-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Abstracts

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      Abstract: To develop the following abstracts, the editorial staff searches more than 100 scientific journals, professional and organizational newsletters, conference proceedings, and other resources for information relevant to ecological restoration practice and research. Please send suggested abstract sources to the editorial staff (ERjournal@sebs.rutgers.edu).Water-Table-Driven Greenhouse Gas Emission Estimates Guide Peatland Restoration at National Scale. 2023. Koch, J. (Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Department of Hydrology, Copenhagen, Denmark, juko@geus.dk), L. Elsgaard, M.H. Greve, S. Gyldenkærne, C. Hermansen, G. Levin, S. Wu and S. Stisen. Biogeosciences 20:2387–2403.Due to their massive carbon storage ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-11-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Meetings

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      Abstract: January 22–25. The Weed Science Society of America will hold it 2024 annual meeting in San Antonio, TX. For more information, consult https://wssa.net/meeting/calendar-of-meetings/.February 5–10. The River Restoration Northwest's 22nd annual symposium will be held in Skamania, WA. For more information visit the organization's website at www.rrnw.org.February 19–22. The Gulf of Mexico Alliance will hold its 2024 Gulf of Mexico Conference in Tampa, FL. More information can be found at https://gulfofmexicoalliance.org/announcements/alliance-meetings/gomcon2024/.February 20–22. Wisconsin Wetlands Association will hold its Wetland Science Conference in Green Bay, WI. Additional details are available at ... Read More
      PubDate: 2023-11-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
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