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  Subjects -> CONSERVATION (Total: 142 journals)
Showing 1 - 37 of 37 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Sustainable Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
AICCM Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ambiens. Revista Iberoamericana Universitaria en Ambiente, Sociedad y Sustentabilidad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Museum Novitates     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Animal Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Arcada : Revista de conservación del patrimonio cultural     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archeomatica     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Arid Land Research and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australasian Plant Conservation: Journal of the Australian Network for Plant Conservation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Biodiversity and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 245)
Biological Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 382)
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Catalysis for Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Challenges in Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Chelonian Conservation and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Conservación Vegetal     Open Access  
Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Conservation Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 342)
Conservation Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Conservation Science     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Conservation Science and Practice     Open Access  
Diversity and Distributions     Open Access   (Followers: 44)
Earth's Future     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eastern European Countryside     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eco-Entrepreneur     Open Access  
Ecological Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 208)
Ecological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ecological Restoration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Ecology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 100)
Ecology and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 52)
Environment and Natural Resources Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environment and Planning E : Nature and Space     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Environmental and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Environmental and Sustainability Indicators     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Ethnobiology and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Countryside     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forest Policy and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Forum Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 45)
Functional Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Future Anterior     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Ecology and Biogeography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Global Ecology and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Human Dimensions of Wildlife: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Ideas in Ecology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
In Situ. Revue des patrimoines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Conservation     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of Sustainability Accounting and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Interações (Campo Grande)     Open Access  
Interdisciplinary Environmental Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Architectural Heritage: Conservation, Analysis, and Restoration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Environment and Pollution     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Global Energy Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Soil and Water Conservation Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intervención     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Nature Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of East African Natural History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Industrial Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Paper Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Rural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Sustainable Mining     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Institute of Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Threatened Taxa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Urban Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Julius-Kühn-Archiv     Open Access  
Lakes & Reservoirs Research & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Landscape and Urban Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Madagascar Conservation & Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Madera y Bosques     Open Access  
Media Konservasi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Monographs of the Western North American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription  
Natural Resources and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Natural Resources Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Nature Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Nature Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Natureza & Conservação : Brazilian Journal of Nature Conservation     Open Access  
Neotropical Biology and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nepalese Journal of Development and Rural Studies     Open Access  
Northeastern Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Northwestern Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription  
Novos Cadernos NAEA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
npj Urban Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nusantara Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ocean Acidification     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
One Ecosystem     Open Access  
Oryx     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Pacific Conservation Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Park Watch     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Process Integration and Optimization for Sustainability     Hybrid Journal  
Rangeland Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Recursos Rurais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Recycling     Open Access  
Resources, Conservation & Recycling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Resources, Conservation & Recycling : X     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Restoration Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Revista de Ciencias Ambientales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Direito e Sustentabilidade     Open Access  
Revista Meio Ambiente e Sustentabilidade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Memorare     Open Access  
Rural Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Savana Cendana     Open Access  
Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Socio-Ecological Practice Research     Hybrid Journal  
Soil Ecology Letters     Hybrid Journal  
Southeastern Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Southern Forests : a Journal of Forest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Studies in Conservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Sustainable Earth     Open Access  
Sustainable Environment Agricultural Science (SEAS)     Open Access  
Sustentabilidade em Debate     Open Access  
Tanzania Journal of Forestry and Nature Conservation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
The American Midland Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
The Southwestern Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Tropical Conservation Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Tropical Ecology     Hybrid Journal  
VITRUVIO : International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability     Open Access  
Water Conservation Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Western North American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Wildfowl     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Wildlife Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Wildlife Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Oryx
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.981
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 18  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0030-6053 - ISSN (Online) 1365-3008
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [397 journals]
  • ORX volume 55 issue 3 Cover and Front matter
    • PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605321000466
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • ORX volume 55 issue 3 Cover and Back matter
    • PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605321000478
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • The global conservation movement is divided but not diverse: reflections
           on 2020
    • Authors: E.J. Milner-Gulland
      Pages: 321 - 322
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S003060532100048X
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Briefly
    • Pages: 323 - 328
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605321000375
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Potential increase in illegal trade in European eels following Brexit
    • Authors: Florian M. Stein; Vincent Nijman
      Pages: 329 - 329
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605321000089
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Brachystelma+parviflorum+after+186+years&rft.title=Oryx&rft.issn=0030-6053&rft.date=2021&rft.volume=55&rft.spage=329&rft.epage=329&rft.aulast=Srivastava&rft.aufirst=Amber&rft.au=Amber+Srivastava&rft.au=Nishant+Chauhan&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0030605321000119">Rediscovery of Brachystelma parviflorum after
           186 years
    • Authors: Amber Srivastava; Nishant Chauhan
      Pages: 329 - 329
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605321000119
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Important Marine Mammal Areas: a spatial tool for marine mammal
           conservation
    • Authors: Erich Hoyt; Giuseppe Notarbartolo di Sciara
      Pages: 330 - 330
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605321000272
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Artificial nest cavities can sustain populations of hornbills in the
           degraded forests of Kinabatangan, Borneo
    • Authors: Mark Vercoe; Cat Barton, Ravinder Kaur, Remi Figueira, Bryan Macaulay, Marisa Boyd, Marc Ancrenaz
      Pages: 330 - 331
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S003060532100020X
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • New records of the Andean cat in central Chile—a challenge for
           conservation
    • Authors: Bernardo Segura Silva; Solange P. Vargas, Guillermo Sapaj-Aguilera, Ricardo Pino Riffo
      Pages: 331 - 331
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605321000181
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Conservation of the Yangtze River Basin, China
    • Authors: Peizhong Liu; Meihan Liu, Guangchun Lei, Qing Zeng, Yiyu Li, Peter Bridgewater
      Pages: 331 - 332
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605321000260
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Rediscovery of rare shovelnose sturgeons in the Amu Darya River,
           Uzbekistan
    • Authors: Bakhtiyor Sheraliev; Akbarjon Rozimov, Arne Ludwig, Zuogang Peng
      Pages: 332 - 332
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605321000211
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on conservation of the Javan gibbon
    • Authors: Arif Setiawan
      Pages: 332 - 333
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605321000065
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Assessing protected area effectiveness
    • Authors: Marc Hockings; Nigel Dudley, Sue Stolton, M.K.S. Pasha, Paul van Nimwegen
      Pages: 333 - 333
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605321000168
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Determining priority areas for an Endangered cold-adapted snake on warming
           mountaintops
    • Authors: Edvárd Mizsei; Márton Szabolcs, Loránd Szabó, Zoltán Boros, Kujtim Mersini, Stephanos A. Roussos, Maria Dimaki, Yannis Ioannidis, Zsolt Végvári, Szabolcs Lengyel
      Pages: 334 - 343
      Abstract: Spatial prioritization in systematic conservation planning has traditionally been developed for several to many species and/or habitats, and single-species applications are rare. We developed a novel spatial prioritization model based on accurate estimates of remotely-sensed data and maps of threats potentially affecting long-term species persistence. We used this approach to identify priority areas for the conservation of the Endangered Greek meadow viper Vipera graeca, a cold-adapted species inhabiting mountaintops in the Pindos Mountains of Greece and Albania. We transformed the mapped threats into nine variables to estimate conservation value: habitat suitability (climate suitability, habitat size, occupancy, vegetation suitability), climate change (future persistence, potential for altitudinal range shift) and land-use impact (habitat alteration, degradation, disturbance). We applied the Zonation systematic conservation planning tool with these conservation value variables as biodiversity features to rank the areas currently occupied by the species and to identify priority areas where the chances for population persistence are highest. We found that 90% of current habitats will become unsuitable by the 2080s and that conservation actions need to be implemented to avoid extinction as this is already a threatened species with a narrow ecological niche. If threats are appropriately quantified and translated into variables of conservation value, spatial conservation planning tools can successfully identify priority areas for the conservation of single species. Our study demonstrates that spatial prioritization for single umbrella, flagship or keystone species is a promising approach for the conservation of species for which few data are available.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605319000322
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Reintroducing species when threats still exist: assessing the suitability
           of contemporary landscapes for island endemics
    • Authors: Nicole Frances Angeli; Lee Austin Fitzgerald
      Pages: 344 - 351
      Abstract: Reintroducing species into landscapes with persistent threats is a conservation challenge. Although historic threats may not be eliminated, they should be understood in the context of contemporary landscapes. Regenerating landscapes often contain newly emergent habitat, creating opportunities for reintroductions. The Endangered St Croix ground lizard Pholidoscelis polops was extirpated from the main island of St Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, as a result of habitat conversion to agriculture and predation by the small Indian mongoose Herpestes auropunctatus. The species survived on two small cays and was later translocated to two islands. Since the 1950s, new land-cover types have emerged on St Croix, creating a matrix of suitable habitat throughout the island. Here we examined whether the new habitat is sufficient for a successful reintroduction of the St Croix ground lizard, utilizing three complementary approaches. Firstly, we compared a map from 1750 to the current landscape of St Croix and found statistical similarity of land-cover types. Secondly, we determined habitat suitability based on a binomial mixture population model developed as part of the programme monitoring the largest extant population of the St Croix ground lizard. We estimated the habitat to be sufficient for > 142,000 lizards to inhabit St Croix. Thirdly, we prioritized potential reintroduction sites and planned for reintroductions to take place during 2020–2023. Our case study demonstrates how changing landscapes alter the spatial configuration of threats to species, which can create opportunities for reintroduction. Presuming that areas of degraded habitat may never again be habitable could fail to consider how regenerating landscapes can support species recovery. When contemporary landscapes are taken into account, opportunities for reintroducing threatened species can emerge.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605319001091
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • E-commerce promotes trade in invasive turtles in China
    • Authors: Sha Liu; Chris Newman, Christina D. Buesching, David W. Macdonald, Yu Zhang, Kai-Jie Zhang, Feng Li, Zhao-Min Zhou
      Pages: 352 - 355
      Abstract: Freshwater habitats in China are potentially suitable for invasive alien turtle species and, consequently, raising turtles in aquaculture facilities and the trade in turtles this supplies pose risks to habitats and native wetland communities when exotic turtles escape or are released deliberately. Online trade (e-commerce) is making an increasing contribution to turtle sales in China, seemingly driving demand and thus potentially exacerbating the risk of release. We document the scale and spatial pattern of online sales of non-native turtles over 90 days on China's Taobao.com e-commerce site. The majority of sales were in the ecologically sensitive middle and lower Yangtze river basin (82.35% of > 840,000 slider turtles Trachemys scripta elegans, and 68.26% of > 100,000 snapping turtles, Chelydridae spp.). These species are native to the Americas. Concurrently, over 2008–2018, we found 104 mentions of feral turtle issues listed on Baidu News where, among the 53 prefectures mentioned, issues with invasive turtle populations also focused predominantly in the middle and lower Yangtze river basin. Although circumstantial, this association suggests that the substantial online sale of alien turtles could be having detrimental effects in China's Yangtze river basin. It is important to safeguard these wetland habitats, which are of global importance, by improving policies for detecting and regulating invasive alien turtle issues and by warning consumers about the ecological hazard of their purchases.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605319001030
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • A flagship for Austral temperate forest conservation: an action plan for
           Darwin's frogs brings key stakeholders together
    • Authors: Claudio Azat; Andrés Valenzuela-Sánchez, Soledad Delgado, Andrew A. Cunningham, Mario Alvarado-Rybak, Johara Bourke, Raúl Briones, Osvaldo Cabeza, Camila Castro-Carrasco, Andres Charrier, Claudio Correa, Martha L. Crump, César C. Cuevas, Mariano de la Maza, Sandra Díaz-Vidal, Edgardo Flores, Gemma Harding, Esteban O. Lavilla, Marco A. Mendez, Frank Oberwemmer, Juan Carlos Ortiz, Hernán Pastore, Alexandra Peñafiel-Ricaurte, Leonora Rojas-Salinas, José Manuel Serrano, Maximiliano A. Sepúlveda, Verónica Toledo, Carmen Úbeda, David E. Uribe-Rivera, Catalina Valdivia, Sally Wren, Ariadne Angulo
      Pages: 356 - 363
      Abstract: Darwin's frogs Rhinoderma darwinii and Rhinoderma rufum are the only known species of amphibians in which males brood their offspring in their vocal sacs. We propose these frogs as flagship species for the conservation of the Austral temperate forests of Chile and Argentina. This recommendation forms part of the vision of the Binational Conservation Strategy for Darwin's Frogs, which was launched in 2018. The strategy is a conservation initiative led by the IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group, which in 2017 convened 30 governmental, non-profit and private organizations from Chile, Argentina and elsewhere. Darwin's frogs are iconic examples of the global amphibian conservation crisis: R. rufum is categorized as Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) on the IUCN Red List, and R. darwinii as Endangered. Here we articulate the conservation planning process that led to the development of the conservation strategy for these species and present its main findings and recommendations. Using an evidence-based approach, the Binational Conservation Strategy for Darwin's Frogs contains a comprehensive status review of Rhinoderma spp., including critical threat analyses, and proposes 39 prioritized conservation actions. Its goal is that by 2028, key information gaps on Rhinoderma spp. will be filled, the main threats to these species will be reduced, and financial, legal and societal support will have been achieved. The strategy is a multi-disciplinary, transnational endeavour aimed at ensuring the long-term viability of these unique frogs and their particular habitat.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605319001236
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Unsustainable harvest of water frogs in southern Turkey for the European
           market
    • Authors: Kerim Çiçek; Dinçer Ayaz, Murat Afsar, Yusuf Bayrakcı, Çiğdem Akın Pekşen, Oğuzkan Cumhuriyet, İlhan Bayram İsmail, Melodi Yenmiş, Erdal Üstündağ, Cemal Varol Tok, C. Can Bilgin, H. Reşit Akçakaya
      Pages: 364 - 372
      Abstract: Frogs have been harvested from the wild for the last 40 years in Turkey. We analysed the population dynamics of Anatolian water frogs (Pelophylax spp.) in the Seyhan and Ceyhan Deltas during 2013–2015. We marked a total of 13,811 individuals during 3 years, estimated population sizes, simulated the dynamics of a harvested population over 50 years, and collated frog harvest and export statistics from the region and for Turkey as a whole. Our capture estimates indicated a population reduction of c. 20% per year, and our population modelling showed that, if overharvesting continues at current rates, the harvested populations will decline rapidly. Simulations with a model of harvested population dynamics resulted in a risk of extinction of > 90% within 50 years, with extinction likely in c. 2032. Our interviews with harvesters revealed their economic dependence on the frog harvest. However, our results also showed that reducing harvest rates would not only ensure the viability of these frog populations but would also provide a source of income that is sustainable in the long term. Our study provides insights into the position of Turkey in the ‘extinction domino’ line, in which harvest pressure shifts among countries as frog populations are depleted and harvest bans are effected. We recommend that harvesting of wild frogs should be banned during the mating season, hunting and exporting of frogs < 30 g should be banned, and harvesters should be trained on species knowledge and awareness of regulations.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605319000176
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Andrias+spp.+from+suitable+habitat&rft.title=Oryx&rft.issn=0030-6053&rft.date=2021&rft.volume=55&rft.spage=373&rft.epage=381&rft.aulast=Tapley&rft.aufirst=Benjamin&rft.au=Benjamin+Tapley&rft.au=Samuel+T.+Turvey,+Shu+Chen,+Gang+Wei,+Feng+Xie,+Jian+Yang,+Zhiqiang+Liang,+Haifeng+Tian,+Minyao+Wu,+Sumio+Okada,+Jie+Wang,+Jingcai+Lü,+Feng+Zhou,+Jingcheng+Xu,+Haipeng+Zhao,+Jay+Redbond,+Thomas+Brown,+Andrew+A.+Cunningham&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0030605320000411">Range-wide decline of Chinese giant salamanders Andrias spp. from suitable
           habitat
    • Authors: Benjamin Tapley; Samuel T. Turvey, Shu Chen, Gang Wei, Feng Xie, Jian Yang, Zhiqiang Liang, Haifeng Tian, Minyao Wu, Sumio Okada, Jie Wang, Jingcai Lü, Feng Zhou, Jingcheng Xu, Haipeng Zhao, Jay Redbond, Thomas Brown, Andrew A. Cunningham
      Pages: 373 - 381
      Abstract: Over recent decades, Chinese giant salamanders Andrias spp. have declined dramatically across much of their range. Overexploitation and habitat degradation have been widely cited as the cause of these declines. To investigate the relative contribution of each of these factors in driving the declines, we carried out standardized ecological and questionnaire surveys at 98 sites across the range of giant salamanders in China. We did not find any statistically significant differences between water parameters (temperature, dissolved oxygen, ammonia, nitrite, nitrate, salinity, alkalinity, hardness and flow rate) recorded at sites where giant salamanders were detected by survey teams and/or had been recently seen by local respondents, and sites where they were not detected and/or from which they had recently been extirpated. Additionally, we found direct and indirect evidence that the extraction of giant salamanders from the wild is ongoing, including within protected areas. Our results support the hypothesis that the decline of giant salamanders across China has been primarily driven by overexploitation. Data on water parameters may be informative for the establishment of conservation breeding programmes, an initiative recommended for the conservation of these species.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605320000411
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Lessons from practitioners for designing and implementing effective
           amphibian captive breeding programmes
    • Authors: Berglind Karlsdóttir; Andrew T. Knight, Kevin Johnson, Jeff Dawson
      Pages: 382 - 392
      Abstract: With 40% of global amphibian species threatened with extinction, captive breeding programmes are an increasingly important conservation tool. The highest priority species occur in tropical countries, which presents a number of challenges. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 25 practitioners in Latin America, Africa and Asia to investigate how the effectiveness of amphibian captive breeding programmes could be improved. A thematic analysis identified 94 barriers and enablers across 13 themes. We found that existing programmes commonly followed a reactive and often ineffective four-stage operational model. Subsequently, we developed a proactive operational model, using the barriers and enablers identified by this study, to support programme managers in the implementation of effective programmes. Our findings suggest human dimensions are often critical barriers or enablers across all stages of captive breeding programmes. We recommend the development of strategic partnerships between institutions, including zoos, NGOs, governments and captive breeding programmes, to help overcome these critical barriers and improve the effectiveness of global amphibian conservation. This operational model could be translated to captive breeding programmes for other taxa.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605320000332
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Improving averted loss estimates for better biodiversity outcomes from
           offset exchanges
    • Authors: Fleur J. F. Maseyk; Martine Maron, Ascelin Gordon, Joseph W. Bull, Megan C. Evans
      Pages: 393 - 403
      Abstract: Biodiversity offsetting aims to achieve at least no net loss of biodiversity by fully compensating for residual development-induced biodiversity losses after the mitigation hierarchy (avoid, minimize, remediate) has been applied. Actions used to generate offsets can include securing site protection, or maintaining or enhancing the condition of targeted biodiversity at an offset site. Protection and maintenance actions aim to prevent future biodiversity loss, so such offsets are referred to as averted loss offsets. However, the benefits of such approaches can be highly uncertain and opaque, because assumptions about the change in likelihood of loss as a result of the offset action are often implicit. As a result, the gain generated by averting losses can be intentionally or inadvertently overestimated, leading to offset outcomes that are insufficient for achieving no net loss of biodiversity. We present a method and decision tree to guide consistent and credible estimation of the likelihood of biodiversity loss for a proposed offset site with and without protection, for use when calculating the amount of benefit associated with the protection component of averted loss offsets. In circumstances such as when a jurisdictional offset policy applies to most impacts, plausible estimates of averted loss can be very low. Averting further loss of biodiversity is desirable, and averted loss offsets can be a valid approach for generating tangible gains. However, overestimation of averted loss benefits poses a major risk to biodiversity.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605319000528
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Revealing research preferences in conservation science
    • Authors: Jasper Montana; Chris Sandbrook, Ellen Robertson, Melanie Ryan
      Pages: 404 - 411
      Abstract: Conservation researchers are increasingly drawing on a wide range of philosophies, methods and values to examine conservation problems. Here we adopt methods from social psychology to develop a questionnaire with the dual purpose of illuminating diversity within conservation research communities and providing a tool for use in cross-disciplinary dialogue workshops. The questionnaire probes the preferences that different researchers have with regards to conservation science. It elicits insight into their motivations for carrying out research, the scales at which they tackle problems, the subjects they focus on, their beliefs about the connections between nature and society, their sense of reality as absolute or socially constituted, and their propensity for collaboration. Testing the questionnaire with a group of 204 conservation scientists at a student conference on conservation science, we illustrate the latent and multidimensional diversity in the research preferences held by conservation scientists. We suggest that creating opportunities to further explore these differences and similarities using facilitated dialogue could enrich the mutual understanding of the diverse research community in the conservation field.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S003060531900067X
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Which is worse for the red-billed curassow: habitat loss or hunting
           pressure'
    • Authors: Elaine Rios; Philip J. K. McGowan, Nigel J. Collar, Maíra Benchimol, Gustavo R. Canale, Fabio Olmos, Manoel Santos-Filho, Christine S. S. Bernardo
      Pages: 412 - 420
      Abstract: Large ground-dwelling Neotropical gamebirds are highly threatened by habitat loss and hunting, but conservationists rarely attempt to distinguish between these two threats in the management of populations. We used three different types of species records to determine the status (i.e. persistence level) of the Endangered red-billed curassow Crax blumenbachii in 14 forest remnants in north-east Brazil, as either persistent, precarious or extirpated. We related these persistence levels to variables measured in a 2-km buffer radius, including variables associated with habitat quality (proportion of forest cover, length of rivers, patch density, distance from rivers) and hunting pressure (proportion of cacao agroforests and farmlands, length of roads, total area occupied by settlements, distance from roads and from settlements). Curassows were more persistent in forest patches located (1) more distant from settlements, (2) in landscapes with few settlements, (3) in landscapes with a high incidence of roads, (4) in a mosaic with a high proportion of forest, shaded cacao agroforest and farmland, and (5) more distant from other forest patches. Hunting pressure potentially exerts more influence on persistence than habitat quality: (1) hunting pressure submodels had a higher explanatory power than habitat quality submodels, (2) final models comprised four hunting pressure variables but only two habitat quality variables, and (3) hunting pressure variables appeared in all models whereas habitat quality variables appeared in only one final model. If hunting pressure is driving declines in curassows, regions with low human presence and a high proportion of forest cover are recommended for establishing new reserves.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605319000711
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Bushmeat hunting around Lomami National Park, Democratic Republic of the
           Congo
    • Authors: Rodrigue Batumike; Gerard Imani, Christian Urom, Aida Cuni-Sanchez
      Pages: 421 - 431
      Abstract: For most of the Democratic Republic of the Congo quantitative data on bushmeat exploitation are scarce. We conducted focus group discussions on preferred species for household consumption and income generation in 24 villages around Lomami National Park, created in 2016. We also carried out a bushmeat market survey in Kindu, a major town in the study area, to estimate annual sales volumes and retail values. Villagers reported household consumption of 22 mammal species, with the most important being the African brush-tailed porcupine, Peters's duiker, bay duiker and red river hog. The latter three were also the most important for income generation. A greater number of smaller species were consumed at the household level, compared with those traded. A total of 17 mammal and one reptile species were traded in Kindu. Those traded in greater numbers were the African brush-tailed porcupine, blue and bay duiker, red river hog, red-tailed monkey and the sitatunga. We estimated > 40,000 carcasses were traded in Kindu annually, with a retail value of USD 725,000. Several species of conservation concern, such as the bonobo, were mentioned or observed. Few rodents and numerous large animals were traded in Kindu, suggesting resources have not yet been depleted. However, both villagers and urban vendors perceived a decline of many species and reported an increase in the use of firearms and the number of foreign hunters in the area. Among other interventions, we discuss how local communities could be encouraged to help preserve wildlife in the Park's buffer zone.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605319001017
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Thirty-six years of legal and illegal wildlife trade entering the USA
    • Authors: Maria Therese Bager Olsen; Jonas Geldmann, Mike Harfoot, Derek P. Tittensor, Becky Price, Pablo Sinovas, Katarzyna Nowak, Nathan J. Sanders, Neil D. Burgess
      Pages: 432 - 441
      Abstract: The USA is the largest consumer of legally, internationally-traded wildlife. A proportion of this trade consists of species listed in the Appendices of CITES, and recorded in the CITES Trade Database. Using this resource, we quantified wildlife entering the USA for 82 of the most frequently recorded wildlife products and a range of taxonomic groups during 1979–2014. We examined trends in legal trade and seizures of illegally traded items over time, and relationships between trade and four national measures of biodiversity. We found that: (1) there is an overall positive relationship between legal imports and seizures; (2) Asia was the main region exporting CITES-listed wildlife products to the USA; (3) bears, crocodilians and other mammals (i.e. other than Ursidae, Felidae, Cetacea, Proboscidea, Primates or Rhinocerotidae) increased in both reported legal trade and seizures over time; (4) legal trade in live specimens was reported to be primarily from captive-produced, artificially-propagated or ranched sources, whereas traded meat was primarily wild sourced; (5) both seizures and legally traded items of felids and elephants decreased over time; and (6) volumes of both legally traded and seized species were correlated with four attributes of exporting countries: species endemism, species richness, number of IUCN threatened species, and country size. The goal of our analysis was to inform CITES decision-making and species conservation efforts.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605319000541
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Power line routing and configuration as major drivers of collision risk in
           two bustard species
    • Authors: Ana Teresa Marques; Ricardo C. Martins, João Paulo Silva, Jorge M. Palmeirim, Francisco Moreira
      Pages: 442 - 451
      Abstract: Collision with power lines is a major cause of mortality for many bird species. Understanding the biotic and abiotic factors that increase collision risk is therefore important for implementing mitigation measures to minimize mortality, such as power line rerouting or wire marking. Here, we used collision events registered during 2003–2015 along 280 km of transmission power lines in southern Portugal to analyse spatio-temporal patterns and collision risk factors in two sympatric, threatened, and collision-prone species: the great bustard Otis tarda and the little bustard Tetrax tetrax. The occurrence of collisions was not uniform across space and time, and variations could be explained by the species' ecological requirements, distribution patterns and behaviour. Although both species fly considerable distances between areas of suitable habitat, collisions were far more likely in power line sections with > 20% (for the little bustard) or > 50% (for the great bustard) of open farmland habitat in the surroundings. Power line configuration was also important: taller pylons and those with a higher number of wire levels posed a higher risk for both species. Wire marking had a small but significant effect for the little bustard, reducing collisions risk. There was, however, no similar effect for the great bustard, possibly a result of limited data. Mitigation measures should be implemented to prevent bustard collisions, including adequate route planning, ideally avoiding areas with > 20% of open habitat. Line configuration and wire marking are particularly important where such localities cannot be avoided and power lines cross areas with a high proportion of bustard habitat, including outside protected areas.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605319000292
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Big cats in borderlands: challenges and implications for transboundary
           conservation of Asian leopards
    • Authors: Mohammad S. Farhadinia; Susana Rostro-García, Limin Feng, Jan F. Kamler, Andrew Spalton, Elena Shevtsova, Igor Khorozyan, Mohammed Al-Duais, Jianping Ge, David W. Macdonald
      Pages: 452 - 460
      Abstract: Large carnivores have extensive spatial requirements, with ranges that often span geopolitical borders. Consequently, management of transboundary populations is subject to several political jurisdictions, often with heterogeneity in conservation challenges. In continental Asia there are four threatened leopard subspecies with transboundary populations spanning 23 countries: the Persian Panthera pardus saxicolor, Indochinese P. pardus delacouri, Arabian P. pardus nimr and Amur P. pardus orientalis leopards. We reviewed the status of these subspecies and examined the challenges to, and opportunities for, their conservation. The Amur and Indochinese leopards have the majority (58–100%) of their remaining range in borderlands, and the Persian and Arabian leopards have 23–26% of their remaining ranges in borderlands. Overall, in 18 of 23 countries the majority of the remaining leopard range is in borderlands, and thus in most countries conservation of these subspecies is dependent on transboundary collaboration. However, we found only two transboundary initiatives for Asian leopards. Overall, we highlighted three key transboundary landscapes in regions that are of high importance for the survival of these subspecies. Recent listing of the leopard in the Bonn Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals is important, but more international collaboration is needed to conserve these subspecies. We provide a spatial framework with which range countries and international agencies could establish transboundary cooperation for conserving threatened leopards in Asia.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605319000693
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Panthera+onca'+A+case+study+in+the+Brazilian+Pantanal&rft.title=Oryx&rft.issn=0030-6053&rft.date=2021&rft.volume=55&rft.spage=461&rft.epage=465&rft.aulast=Gasparini-Morato&rft.aufirst=Rose&rft.au=Rose+Lilian+Gasparini-Morato&rft.au=Leonardo+Sartorello,+Lilian+Rampim,+Carlos+Eduardo+Fragoso,+Joares+Adenilson+May+Jr,+Pedro+Teles,+Mario+Haberfeld,+Rogério+Cunha+de+Paula,+Ronaldo+Gonçalves+Morato&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0030605320000460">Is reintroduction a tool for the conservation of the jaguar Panthera
           onca' A case study in the Brazilian Pantanal
    • Authors: Rose Lilian Gasparini-Morato; Leonardo Sartorello, Lilian Rampim, Carlos Eduardo Fragoso, Joares Adenilson May Jr, Pedro Teles, Mario Haberfeld, Rogério Cunha de Paula, Ronaldo Gonçalves Morato
      Pages: 461 - 465
      Abstract: To evaluate the feasibility of reintroduction as a tool for conservation of the jaguar Panthera onca, we adapted the IUCN soft release protocol to reintroduce two jaguars in the southern Pantanal, Brazil. After being kept at rescue centres for 13 months, the jaguars were moved to a 1-ha enclosure with native vegetation on a 53,000 ha ranch in the Pantanal, where hunting is not allowed and prey is abundant. In the enclosure, the animals were fed with meat, dead animals (roadkill) and then, progressively, live wild prey. After 11 months, the jaguars were fitted with collars equipped with GPS/VHF (recording one location per hour) and accelerometers, and released in the same area. The animals established residence near the enclosure, with home ranges, movement parameters, daily activity patterns and prey consumption similar to that recorded in previous studies. Social interaction and reproduction indicated the reintroduction was successful, and that it can be a tool for the species' survival in areas where the jaguar population is in decline.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605320000460
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Keeping predators out: testing fences to reduce livestock depredation at
           night-time corrals
    • Authors: Gustaf Samelius; Kulbhushansingh Suryawanshi, Jens Frank, Bayarjargal Agvaantseren, Erdenechimeg Baasandamba, Tserennadmid Mijiddorj, Örjan Johansson, Lkhagvasumberel Tumursukh, Charudutt Mishra
      Pages: 466 - 472
      Abstract: Livestock depredation by large carnivores is a global conservation challenge, and mitigation measures to reduce livestock losses are crucial for the coexistence of large carnivores and people. Various measures are employed to reduce livestock depredation but their effectiveness has rarely been tested. In this study, we tested the effectiveness of tall fences to reduce livestock losses to snow leopards Panthera uncia and wolves Canis lupus at night-time corrals at the winter camps of livestock herders in the Tost Mountains in southern Mongolia. Self-reported livestock losses at the fenced corrals were reduced from a mean loss of 3.9 goats and sheep per family and winter prior to the study to zero losses in the two winters of the study. In contrast, self-reported livestock losses in winter pastures, and during the rest of the year, when herders used different camps, remained high, which indicates that livestock losses were reduced because of the fences, not because of temporal variation in predation pressure. Herder attitudes towards snow leopards were positive and remained positive during the study, whereas attitudes towards wolves, which attacked livestock also in summer when herders moved out on the steppes, were negative and worsened during the study. This study showed that tall fences can be very effective at reducing night-time losses at corrals and we conclude that fences can be an important tool for snow leopard conservation and for facilitating the coexistence of snow leopards and people.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605319000565
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Elephas+maximus+population+and+the+implications+for+survival&rft.title=Oryx&rft.issn=0030-6053&rft.date=2021&rft.volume=55&rft.spage=473&rft.epage=478&rft.aulast=Hale&rft.aufirst=Lauren&rft.au=Lauren+J.+Hale&rft.au=Kun+Shi,+Tania+C.+Gilbert,+Kelvin+S.-H.+Peh,+Philip+Riordan&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0030605319000504">Social structure and demography of a remnant Asian elephant Elephas
           maximus population and the implications for survival
    • Authors: Lauren J. Hale; Kun Shi, Tania C. Gilbert, Kelvin S.-H. Peh, Philip Riordan
      Pages: 473 - 478
      Abstract: The Asian elephant Elephas maximus is at risk of extinction as a result of anthropogenic pressures, and remaining populations are often small and fragmented remnants, occupying a fraction of the species' former range. Once widely distributed across China, only a maximum of 245 elephants are estimated to survive across seven small populations. We assessed the Asian elephant population in Nangunhe National Nature Reserve in Lincang Prefecture, China, using camera traps during May–July 2017, to estimate the population size and structure of this genetically important population. Although detection probability was low (0.31), we estimated a total population size of c. 20 individuals, and an effective density of 0.39 elephants per km2. Social structure indicated a strong sex ratio bias towards females, with only one adult male detected within the population. Most of the elephants associated as one herd but three adult females remained separate from the herd throughout the trapping period. These results highlight the fragility of remnant elephant populations such as Nangunhe and we suggest options such as a managed metapopulation approach for their continued survival in China and more widely.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605319000504
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Drawing+the+Sea+Near:+Satoumi+and+Coral+Reef+Conservation+in+Okinawa+by+C.+Anne+Claus+(2020)+264+pp.,+University+of+Minnesota+Press,+Minneapolis,+USA.+ISBN+978-1-5179-0662-7+(pbk),+USD+25.00.&rft.title=Oryx&rft.issn=0030-6053&rft.date=2021&rft.volume=55&rft.spage=479&rft.epage=479&rft.aulast=Plant&rft.aufirst=Rebecca&rft.au=Rebecca+Plant&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0030605321000387">Drawing the Sea Near: Satoumi and Coral Reef Conservation in Okinawa by C.
           Anne Claus (2020) 264 pp., University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis,
           USA. ISBN 978-1-5179-0662-7 (pbk), USD 25.00.
    • Authors: Rebecca Plant
      Pages: 479 - 479
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605321000387
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Leaving+Space+for+Nature:+The+Critical+Role+of+Area-Based+Conservation+by+Nigel+Dudley+&+Sue+Stolton+(2020)+194+pp.,+Routledge,+Abingdon,+UK.+ISBN+978-0-367407537+(pbk),+GBP+34.99.&rft.title=Oryx&rft.issn=0030-6053&rft.date=2021&rft.volume=55&rft.spage=479&rft.epage=480&rft.aulast=Davenport&rft.aufirst=Tim&rft.au=Tim+R.B.+Davenport&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0030605321000399">Leaving Space for Nature: The Critical Role of Area-Based Conservation by
           Nigel Dudley & Sue Stolton (2020) 194 pp., Routledge, Abingdon, UK. ISBN
           978-0-367407537 (pbk), GBP 34.99.
    • Authors: Tim R.B. Davenport
      Pages: 479 - 480
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605321000399
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Power+in+Conservation:+Environmental+Anthropology+Beyond+Political+Ecology+by+Carol+Carpenter+(2020)+220+pp.,+Routledge,+Abingdon,+UK.+ISBN+9-780-367342500+(pbk),+GBP+34.99.&rft.title=Oryx&rft.issn=0030-6053&rft.date=2021&rft.volume=55&rft.spage=480&rft.epage=480&rft.aulast=Redmore&rft.aufirst=L.&rft.au=L.+Redmore&rft.au=A.+Sene-Harper&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0030605321000405">Power in Conservation: Environmental Anthropology Beyond Political Ecology
           by Carol Carpenter (2020) 220 pp., Routledge, Abingdon, UK. ISBN
           9-780-367342500 (pbk), GBP 34.99.
    • Authors: L. Redmore; A. Sene-Harper
      Pages: 480 - 480
      PubDate: 2021-05-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0030605321000405
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 3 (2021)
       
 
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