Subjects -> MINES AND MINING INDUSTRY (Total: 82 journals)
Showing 1 - 42 of 42 Journals sorted by number of followers
Stainless Steel World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Metamorphic Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Mineralogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Geology and Mining Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy : Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Clay Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Minerals Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Lithos     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy, and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Natural Resources Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geotechnical and Geological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Mining Engineering and Mineral Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Mine Water and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Mining Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Resources Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Mining Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Earth Science : Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Mining, Reclamation and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Coal Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Physics and Chemistry of Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Convention & Event Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mineralium Deposita     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Lithology and Mineral Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Sustainable Mining     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Coal Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Mining Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Ghana Mining Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Geology of Ore Deposits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Rocks & Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Geochemistry and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mining Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Mineralogia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BHM Berg- und Hüttenmännische Monatshefte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Mining Technology : Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Extractive Industries and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Coal Preparation and Utilization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Mining Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Mining Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Materials Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Gems & Gemology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Analytical and Numerical Methods in Mining Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rangeland Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista del Instituto de Investigación de la Facultad de Ingeniería Geológica, Minera, Metalurgica y Geográfica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Central South University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mineralogical Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CIM Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Natural Resources & Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration     Hybrid Journal  
Podzemni Radovi     Open Access  
Rudarsko-geološko-naftni Zbornik     Open Access  
Journal of Mining Institute     Open Access  
International Journal of Mining and Geo-Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of China Coal Society     Open Access  
Réalités industrielles     Full-text available via subscription  
Mineral Economics     Hybrid Journal  
Minerals     Open Access  
Gold Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
Minerals & Energy - Raw Materials Report     Hybrid Journal  
Similar Journals
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Rudarsko-geološko-naftni Zbornik
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.237
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0353-4529 - ISSN (Online) 1849-0409
Published by U of Zagreb  [6 journals]
  • Utilizing stable water isotopes (δ2H and δ18O) to study soil-water
           origin in sloped vineyard: first results

    • Authors: Zoran Kovač, Vedran Krevh, Lana Filipović, Jasmina Defterdarović, Patricia Buškulić, Luka Han, Vilim Filipović
      First page: 1
      Abstract: The diversity of processes taking place in hillslope agro-ecosystems makes the estimation of vadose zone dynamics rather challenging. This paper presents the first insight into the research of volumetric water content, granulometric composition, meteorological data, precipitation and soil-water isotopic composition conducted within the SUPREHILL project at its vadose zone observatory. The main goals of this research are related to the evaluation of soil-water origin at the hillslope vineyard, but also to the estimation of depths until which precipitation infiltrates and where the occurrence of preferential flow is possible. For that purpose, hydrometeorological data, granulometric composition and stable isotopesof hydrogen (δ2H) and oxygen (δ18O) from precipitation and sampled soil water have been used. The results indicate the existence of a different isotopic signature in soil water, which suggests different infiltration patterns in the investigated area. Also, the results point out that surface runoff, subsurface runoff, and most of the passive wick lysimeters respond to precipitation, while the response of suction probes located at deeper depth is not that evident. This corresponds to the results related to the variation of water content at different depths. All the results indicate the possible existence of a low permeable layer at an approximate depth of 60 cm. Furthermore, preferential flow, if it exists, can be expected from the shallowest depths of the vineyard to a maximum depth of 80 cm. It is expected that an established long-term monitoring network at the SUPREHILL Observatory will give a more precise definition of soil-water behaviour and the existence of preferential flow.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.17794/rgn.2022.3.1
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2022)
  • The Mechanism of Kaiser Effect in Phyllite under Indirect Tensile Loading

    • Authors: Mohammadmahdi Dinmohammadpour, Majid Nikkhah, Kamran Goshtasbi, Kaveh Ahangari
      First page: 15
      Abstract: Determination of in-situ stress serves as an important step in the design and construction of civil and mining projects, among others. Conventional methods of the in-situ stress measurement are time- and cost-intensive. Therefore, application of low-cost yet rapid methodologies for in-situ stress evaluation has been increasingly regarded by researchers. The Kaiser Effect-based acoustic emission method is one of such novel approaches to the in-situ stress evaluation. Not only the point at which the Kaiser Effect occurs, but also the mechanism of the Kaiser Effect is of paramount importance. In this research, acoustic emission tests were conducted on phyllite rock samples under Brazilian tensile loading to collect a variety of acoustic data including the amplitude, rise time, count, duration, and energy. Then, the Kaiser Effect point was determined using the collected data on acoustic parameters, with its occurrence mechanism investigated. In addition, mathematical transformations were adopted to transform the acoustic signal from the time domain to the frequency domain, where the peak frequency was analyzed. Results of RA/AF ratio analysis showed that the acoustic emission was sourced from tensile micro-cracks. Moreover, the high level of energy indicated a high intensity of crack formation at the Kaiser Effect point. The large number of received hits showed that the count of generated cracks increases abruptly within the range of Kaiser Effect. In addition, the obtained high value of the peak frequency implied that the crack growth rate is high at the Kaiser Effect point.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.17794/rgn.2022.3.2
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2022)
  • Comparative investigation of glass waste grinding in various mills

    • Authors: Fóris Ildikó, Gábor Mucsi
      First page: 33
      Abstract: The present work deals with systematic grinding investigation and determination of grindability of container glass bottles. The systematic grinding tests were carried out in three different kinds of ball mills (drum mill, vibrating mill, and planetary mill) with different energy intensities (low, medium, and high intensity) in dry conditions. In addition, the specific grinding work and specific surface area were determined in every case. The grindability test was performed by the Universal Hardgrove mill moreover, the Bond-Work Index was calculated from Hardgrove Grindability Index. In this research work, the focus was on analysing the grindability of container glass bottles and the goal was energy-efficient milling of glass waste to produce glass foam powder for further utilization (for example glass foam) in a sustainable way. Based on the obtained results, it can be concluded that the optimal milling apparatus for container glass grinding is the drum mill. The reason why is that it has low specific grinding work (151.52 kWh/t ) in comparison with the other two types of mills (3488.37 kWh/t of planetary mill and 1106.38 kWh/t of vibrating mill) resulting in relatively high specific surface area (11314 cm2/g). In the case of grinding industrial quantities of glass waste, the drum mill has a much higher capacity compared to the vibrating mill and the planetary mill.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.17794/rgn.2022.3.3
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2022)
  • Selection of the most compatible safety risk analysis technique with the
           nature, requirements and resources of mining projects using an integrated
           Folchi-AHP method

    • Authors: Arman Hazrathosseini
      First page: 43
      Abstract: Safety risk analysis techniques are numerous. Moreover, no ideal method exists for all companies; hence, selection of the most congruous method with the nature of the intended project as well as the needs and resources of a mining company is of particular significance. To address the issue, a mathematical model has been developed with the aid of a Folchi-AHP method, whereby safety experts can opt for the best technique after multiplying an impacting factors matrix by a correlation matrix. The former is created by the safety team in the decision-making time, and includes 15 evaluation criteria, while the latter is comprised of the relative weight of each criterion to each technique. To find these weights, 22 methods were compared to each other in terms of 15 criteria by 10 safety experts using analytic hierarchy process (AHP). To ease computations, an excel program was developed and investigated in four mining projects.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.17794/rgn.2022.3.4
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2022)
  • Estimation of Rock Joint Trace Length Using Support Vector Machine (SVM)

    • Authors: Jamal Zadhesh, Abbas Majdi
      First page: 55
      Abstract: Jointed rock masses modeling needs the geometrical parameters of joints such as orientation, spacing, trace length, shape, and location. The rock joint trace length is one of the most critical design parameters in rock engineering and geotechnics. It controls the stability of the rock slope and tunnels in jointed rock masses by affecting rock mass strength. This parameter is usually determined through a joint survey in the field. Among the parameters, trace length is challenging because a complete joint plane within rock mass cannot be observed directly. The development of predictive models to determine rock joint length seems to be essential in rock engineering. This research made an effort to introduce a support vector machine (SVM) model to estimate rock joint trace length. The SVM is an advanced intelligence method used to solve the problem characterized by a small sample, non-linearity, and high dimension with a good generalization performance. In this study, three data sets from the sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks were organized, which location of joints on the scanline, aperture, spacing, orientation (D/DD), roughness, Schmidt rebound of the joint’s wall, type of termination, trace lengths in both sides of the scanline and joint sets were measured. The results of SVM prediction demonstrate that predicted and measured results are in good agreement. The SVM model-based results were compared with those obtained from field surveys. The proposed SVM model-based model was very efficient in predicting rock joint trace length values. The actual trace length could be estimated; thus, the expensive, difficult, time-consuming, and destructive joint surveys related to obscured joints could be avoided.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.17794/rgn.2022.3.5
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2022)
  • Structural Analysis and Reservoir Characterisation of Cretaceous Sequence
           in Kohala Bala, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

    • Authors: Bilal Ahmed, Shahzad Bakht, Sohail Wahid, Muhammad Hanif
      First page: 65
      Abstract: The southeastern Hazara is a portion of the Himalayan Fold-Thrust Belt, formed by the interaction of the Indian Plate with the Eurasian Plate. The present research was conducted to analyse the structural geometry and assess the reservoir potential of the Cretaceous sequence (Chichali Formation and Kawagarh Formation) in southern Hazara, Pakistan. The mapped stratigraphic units range from Late Jurassic, Samana Suk Formation to early Eocene, Margalla Hill Limestone, along with unconformities. The research area is under intense deformation and is characterised by the thrust faults with accompanying folds. The fore-thrust faults are steeply dipping towards the north with associated back-thrust dipping southward, and the folds are mainly asymmetric anticlines and asymmetric synclines along with symmetric anticline (Barkot). The structures trend mainly NE-SW, indicating NW-SE compressive stresses. Reservoir quality is evaluated by using petrographic image analysis, SEM analysis, plug porosity, and permeability analysis. The porosity observed varies from 0.282% – 10.89%, 0.016% – 1.78% in Chichali (Sandstone) Formation and Kawagarh (Limestone) Formation, respectively. Simultaneously, the measured permeability in Chichali and Kawagarh Formation varies from 0–0.064 mD and 0–0.014 mD, respectively. The primary porosity type was intergranular/interparticle, intragranular, fracture, and vuggy porosity. SEM analysis shows that microporosity is present in the Cretaceous sequence and, calcite, dolomite, quartz, feldspar, and pyrite are the major minerals. The reservoir studies show that the Chichali Formation can be proven a good (Tight) reservoir rock, and Kawagarh Formation may prove as a reservoir (if the fractures in the subsurface, formed by severe tectonic deformation are not filled with cementing material) and seal/cap rock.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.17794/rgn.2022.3.6
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2022)
  • Review on the mechanical properties of frozen rocks

    • Authors: Seyed Morteza Davarpanah, Ákos Török, Balázs Vásárhelyi
      First page: 83
      Abstract: The freezing technique has been employed for a long time to strengthen the mechanical properties of intact rock and rock mass; however, it has not received as much attention as it deserves. This paper thoroughly reviews the effect of freezing on the essential mechanical properties, including uniaxial compressive strength, tensile strength, and Young’s modulus. The laboratory tests include the determination of density, ultrasound speed propagation, and strength parameters such as uniaxial compressive strength, tensile strength, and Young’s modulus. According to previously published results, the strength of different rocks such as marl, limestone, sandstone, tuff, granite, and marble increased significantly due to freezing when the samples were tested in frozen conditions. However, there is variation in strength increase based on rock type. It is outlined here that freezing increases rock strength by a factor of 4 in porous rock and by a factor of 1.8 in crystalline rock. Additionally, Young’s modulus increases with a decrease in temperature; however, a further decrease in temperature from -10 to -20 °C has no effect on Young’s modulus. Moreover, mathematical modelling for frozen rock has been reviewed comprehensively. It was found that porosity, the density of rock grains, density of water, residual unfrozen water content, minimum unfrozen water content at freezing point, material parameters, the initial temperature of rock, crystal size, orientation and alignment of minerals, and the loading rate are the most critical parameters that influence frozen rock strength.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.17794/rgn.2022.3.7
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2022)
  • A new empirical approach to estimate the ratio of horizontal to vertical
           in-situ stress and evaluation of its effect on the stability analysis of
           underground spaces

    • Authors: Hassan Moomivand, Sayfoddin Moosazadeh, Seyed-Omid Gilani
      First page: 97
      Abstract: In-situ stress is one of the most important input data to study stability analysis of underground and surface geomechanical projects. The measured vertical stress has a linear relation with depth. The average value of unit weight () was obtained 0.026 MN/m3 (2.56 ton/m3) using 1041 test results of different rocks with 0.001 difference with 0.027 MN/m3 that is a reliable coefficient for estimating vertical stress. The ratio of horizontal (h) to vertical (v) stress (Kh/v) is estimated by theoretical and empirical methods. The results showed that the estimating ratio of horizontal to vertical stress (K) by the theoretical method such as Terzaghi and Richard is much smaller than 1, and the estimation of K value utilizing empirical methods such as Hoek and Brady is much greater than 1, and even its value approaches to 4 in the near ground surface. To overcome the lack of an applicable comprehensive relation for estimation of the K ratio and improve upon the shortcomings of previous methods, a new empirical relation was developed to estimate the K ratio utilizing a significant number of in-situ test results. Stability analysis of Masjed Soleyman powerhouse caverns was carried out by numerical modelling for five values of K ratio obtained by previous stress estimation methods and this study. The in-situ stress estimation method (K ratio changes) showed a significant effect on stresses, displacements, strains, depth of the plastic zone and significantly affect the stability analysis and support system design of the powerhouse and transformer caverns.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.17794/rgn.2022.3.8
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2022)
  • Magnetic nanoparticles and ionic liquid effect on electrochemical sensors

    • Authors: Farzaneh Shaker, Moahmmad Taghi Vardini, Moosa Es'haghi, Ebrahim Ghorbani Kalhor
      First page: 109
      Abstract: Magnetic nanoparticles and ionic liquid (IL, 1-hexyl-3-methyl-imidazolium bromide) based on graphene oxide (GO) composite provide unique physical and chemical properties in electrochemical sensors performance. Magnetic nanoparticles can cover active sites that increase chemical reactions with easy separation. IL increases the scan rate of electron transfer between the modified electrode and solution because it includes conductive adhesion properties. Also, IL in the next steps of design carbon paste electrodes (CPE) increases the cohesion. The study aims are to study the effects of magnetic nanoparticles and IL on the electrochemical detection of dopamine (DA). DA has a vital role in the mammalian central nervous system and change its value from the standard range leads broad mental diseases. But magnetic graphene oxide (MGO) may not exist capable of enhancing electrochemical signs alone. In this regard, after the synthesis of MGO, IL was established on composite. Then gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) were modified MGO nanocomposite. MIP polymerization was continued by methacrylic acid (MAA) in the presence of DA as a template molecule. The developed sensor with modified nanocomposite studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) techniques. The modified sensor based on nanocomposite with a broad concentration linear range, between 1×10-7 to 1×10-4 M and a limit of detection of 1×10-8 M (S/N=3) was used for the detection of DA in biological samples. Furthermore, these results prove that MGO was improved active sites of surface nanocomposite and IL was increased conductivity in the based electrochemical sensor for DA detection.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.17794/rgn.2022.3.9
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2022)
  • Comparative analysis of different calculation methods of the Geological
           Strength Index (GSI) based on qualitative and quantitative approaches

    • Authors: Raul Pozo
      First page: 121
      Abstract: In this research, the dispersion of the Geological Strength Index (GSI) values ​​obtained with quantitative and qualitative approaches has been evaluated in four rock outcrops of different geomechanical quality. The subjective component associated with qualitative or visual methods has been studied by conducting a virtual survey in a group of forty participants constituted by civil engineers, geological engineers, and mining engineers from Peru, Spain, and Chile, who were given a data sheet with the photograph and the basic description of each rock mass, the results showed that the GSI values fit a normal distribution characterized by a mean value and a standard deviation, which in some cases could present moderate to high coefficients of variation (COVs). This paper also includes the study of the dispersion of the GSI values ​​obtained with quantitative formulations that have been evaluated and incorporated into regional databases to assess trends, mainly in the GSI-RMR' relationships. The results indicate that the average GSI values ​​reported with both approaches are similar; however, with the quantitative methodologies, COV values ​​were classified as low to moderate, which is better adjusted to the suggested COV values for the GSI. Despite this, quantitative methodologies must be used with caution, taking into account the characteristics of the rock masses on which the relationships have been defined.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.17794/rgn.2022.3.10
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2022)
  • Controlling Grinding Process Parameters Using Central Composite Design to
           Reduce Slimes in Phosphate Ore Beneficiation

    • Authors: Gamal S. Abdelhaffez, Mohamed S. Abd-Elwahed, Mohammed A. Hefni
      First page: 139
      Abstract: Ultrafine particles resulting from the grinding operation of phosphate ore cause problems of air pollution, and of the beneficiation plants particularly, flotation cells and filtration units. The particles of less than 38 μm are one of the undesirable consequences of the phosphate ore beneficiation stage, where fine or ultrafine powder accounts for 10–30 percent of phosphate quantities and is regarded as a loss. Furthermore, maintaining additional amounts of phosphate by reducing these particles will provide several benefits, including minimizing the environmental implications of slime disposal and enhancing the economic impact of the phosphate ore beneficiation process. This paper aims to maximize the useful phosphate particles and reduce the slime instead of doing more efforts in traditional techniques. This goal might be attained by increasing the percent of particles of the desired size of the phosphate (Target) during the grinding process by determining the optimal operational conditions, that will reduce the amount of slime. The central composite design (CCD) is used to identify the number of experiments to be evaluated and to create a predictive model to be used for determining the optimal operation parameters. As a result of the optimization process, a maximum Target of 87.6% was obtained at grinding conditions t (5.1 min), v (42.6 %), s (81.2 %), and c (50.7 %). Where t, v, s, and c stand for grinding time, occupied volume of ball, rotational speed percent from critical speed (%) and solid concentration by volume (%) respectively.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.17794/rgn.2022.3.11
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2022)
  • Reliability Analysis of Full-Face Tunnel Boring Machines by Monte Carlo
           Simulation Technique

    • Authors: Reza Mikaeil, Hasel Amini Khoshalan, Mohammad Hossein Nasrollahi, Akbar Esmaeilzadeh
      First page: 149
      Abstract: The high boring capability of full-face tunnel boring machines, especially in urban tunnels, has led to their increasing use in tunnel excavation in various and unfavourable geological conditions. Therefore, many efforts have been made to predict and improve the performance of these machines. In this regard, most of the previous studies have focused on the effect of geological and mechanical properties of rock or soil. However, delays due to the maintenance and repair of these machines, which contribute a major share of unwanted and unpredicted stops at work, have not been considered. Reliability analysis is a practical method based on studying the behaviour of breakdowns and maintenance of machines and systems. This approach can be suggested as appropriate planning for machine maintenance and consequently reducing downtime and costs. In this way, it is possible to identify weaknesses and critical points of a machine or system of the boring process. In the present study, the reliability of the full-face tunnelling machine was analysed by the Monte Carlo simulation method. The studied machine is divided into 5 subsystems including mechanical, electrical, hydraulic, water and compressed air subsystems. Using breakdown data of about 24 months of boring operation, the reliability of each subsystem was simulated and evaluated. Eventually, the reliability of the boring machine was simulated using the Kamat-Riley (K-R) method. The results showed that if no maintenance operation is performed on the subsystems, the overall reliability of the boring machine will decline to zero after about 38 hours of continuous boring operation. Finally, to improve the overall reliability of the boring machine, based on accomplished reliability analysis, we suggest effective preventive maintenance and repair system for keeping the machine in optimal operating conditions for a longer period.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.17794/rgn.2022.3.12
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2022)
  • Middle-Late Permian and Early Triassic foraminiferal assemblages in the
           Western Salt Range, Pakistan

    • Authors: Naveed Ur Rahman, Haijun Song, Xian Benzhong, Saif Ur Rehman, Gohar Rehman, Abdul Majid, Javed Iqbal, Gulfam Hussain
      First page: 161
      Abstract: A newly obtained foraminiferal assemblage from the Guadalupian−Lopingian, and Induan of the Western Salt Range (Pakistan) comprises 47 species (including 7 species of fusulinoideans) of 24 genera and 71 species (including 9 species of fusulinoideans) of 41 genera, in Nammal and Zaluch sections, respectively. Our results show that only 4 species went extinct during the Guadalupian−Lopingian mass extinction (GLME), suggesting the GLME was minor for smaller foraminifers in the Salt Range. Most species went extinct during the Permian-Triassic mass extinction (PTME), except the two survivor genera, Nodosinelloides and Planiinvoluta. During the end-Permian mass extinction, majorities of the species became extinct in lower part of Chhidru Formation, beacuse they are not tolerant to the terigenious-clastic input in the upper part of Chhidru Formation. The extinction process of foraminifers in the Nammal and Zaluch sections has been documented for the first time. Five foraminiferal assemblages are established in the shallow marine shelf deposits of Western Salt Range, i.e., Wordian Geinitzina araxensis assemblage in tide-influenced subaqueous delta to middle shelf environment, Capitanian Baisalina pulchra assemblage and Wuchiapingian Codonofusiella schubertellinoides assemblage in inner-outer shelf carbonate deposits, Changhsingian Colaniella pseudolepida assemblage and Induan Nodosinelloides-Planiinvoluta assemblage in mixed siliciclastic–carbonate shelf setting. The Baisalina pulchra and Codonofusiella schubertellinoides assemblages have wide geographic distribution and have been found in Transcaucasus, China, Turkey, Crimea and Oman. The other three assemblages (i.e., Geinitzina araxensis, Colaniella pseudolepida, and Nodosinelloides-Planiinvoluta assemblages) found in this study are likely local/regional assemblages. The foraminifers were observed with the standard microscopic system Leica-DM500. A total of 681 specimens of foraminifers are reported in the Zaluch Group and Mianwali Formation of Nammal and Zaluch sections. Five hundred ninety-nine smaller foraminifers specimens were recovered. Among the smaller foraminifera, Nodosinelloides, Pachyphloia, Geinitzina, Colaniella, Hemigordius, Tuberitina, and Langella are the most dominant genera. Larger foraminifera genera include Nankinella, Codonofusiella, Reichelina, Necdetina and Pisolina, represented by 82 specimens. A total of 3 classes (e.g., Nodosariata, Fusulinata, and Tubothalamea) and seven orders (i.e., Miliolida, Spirillinida, Lagenida, Parathuramminida, Endothyrida, Fusulinida, and Earlandiida) are identified in the current study. Among them, Lagenida becomes the most dominant by diversity and abundance. Shannon diversity and other indices rise progressively from Wordian to Changhsingian in the shallow marine sediments before dropping to zero in the Early Triassic mixed siliciclastic–carbonate shelf deposits.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.17794/rgn.2022.3.13
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2022)
  • A study of building performance inspection based on combination of
           site-specific response analysis and structural analysis (A case study of
           the Lighthouse View Tower in Bengkulu City, Indonesia)

    • Authors: Lindung Zalbuin Mase, Recky Yundrismein, Muhammad Ali Nursalam, Surya Manggala Putra, Aza Shelina, Sahrul Hari Nugroho
      First page: 197
      Abstract: This paper presents the implementation of site-specific analysis in observing the performance of monumental building in Bengkulu City, Indonesia that is called the Lighthouse View Tower. This building was inaugurated in 2012. So far, the issue related to the performance of building after 10 years is still necessary to be presented. The objective of this study is to observe how is the performance of the building once the strong earthquake occurred. This study is first conducted by performing a site investigation. The information related to soil profile; ground motion of maximum earthquake occurred in Bengkulu City is collected. Furthermore, the site-specific response analysis is conducted to the site where the building stands. The result from site-specific response analysis, i.e., the actual spectral acceleration is obtained. The spectral acceleration is then used as the input parameter for finite element analysis to observe the performance of the building. The main goal of this study is to observe the structure health condition. The result shows that during the strong earthquake, the structure of the view tower is still reliable and in a good condition. The concern on the building maintenance should be emphasized. In general, the method implemented in this study could be used as the method to assess performance of structure in other areas.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.17794/rgn.2022.3.14
      Issue No: Vol. 37, No. 3 (2022)
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