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  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 103 journals)
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Archiva Zootehnica
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ISSN (Print) 1016-4855 - ISSN (Online) 2344-4592
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [371 journals]
  • Genetic evaluation of Teleorman Black Head ewes using genes polymorphism
           for improving milk traits

    • Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to asses specific gene markers associated with the sheep milk production in Teleorman Black Head ewes. For the proper selection of the best candidates for milk production, the genetic markers such as CSN3, BLG and PRL were selected. To detect CSN3, PRL and BLG polymorphisms, genomic DNA was isolated from blood samples collected from 50 ewes. ASA-PCR and PCR-RFLP methods were used for genotyping of animals; the genotypes frequencies and Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were estimated using R software. In our samples, for CSN3 gene were identified two genotypes (CC and CT), the most frequent being CT genotype (94%). For PRL gene, were identified three genotypes (AA, AB and BB), AA and BB genotypes being the most frequent (36% and 40% respectively). Also, three genotypes were identified for BLG gene (AA, AB and BB), with an increased frequency of AB genotype (44%). These preliminary data will be correlated in the next experiments with phenotypic data, generating important tools for genetic selection of the Teleorman Black Head sheep population.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effect of dietary supplementation of some antioxidant combinations on
           nutrient digestibility in heat-stressed broilers

    • Abstract: The paper investigated the effect of some dietary antioxidant’s combinations on nutrient digestibility in heat-stressed broilers. The experimental study was conducted for 28 days on 120 Cobb 500 broilers (14 days of age) assigned into 4 groups (30 chicks/group) in cages and exposed to heat stress conditions (32 °C). The control group was fed a control diet (C) and the experimental groups were fed diets including 200 µg/kg diet chromium picolinate and: 0.25 g vitamin C (VC)/kg diet (Cr-VC), 0.025 g Zn/kg diet (Cr- Zn), and 10 g creeping wood sorrel powder (CWS)/kg diet (Cr-CWS). Our results showed that dietary combinations of supplemented antioxidants for chickens under heat stress had a positive effect on the digestibility of nutrients and nutrient deposits in liver tissue. Dietary combined effect of Cr and vitamin C or Cr and Zn potentiates the Fe deposition in broilers’ liver while Cr-Zn improved the apparent digestibility of crude protein, crude fat, Fe and Zn.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Preliminary study regarding the effect of season on haematological
           parameters in Syrian Awassi rams

    • Abstract: Four apparently healthy Syrian Awassi rams were used for one year. Jugular blood samples were collected from the rams once a week to determine some essential blood components (13) using a Veterinary Haematology Analyzer. The overall means were: 8.92 × 103/mm3 for White Blood Cells (WBC), 5.91% for Lymphocytes (LYM), 1.00 % for Monocytes (MON), 2.62% for Granulocytes (GRA), 7.94 × 103/mm3 for Red Blood Cells (RBC), 10.24 g/dL for Haemoglobin (Hb), 30.93% for Haematocrit (HCT), 39.12fL for Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), 12.57 pg for Mean Cell Haemoglobin (MCH), 33.10g/dL for Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC), 16.34 % for Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW), 577.3 ×103/mm3 for Platelet Counts (PLT) and 3.99 fL for Mean Platelet Volume (MPV), with variations in the values among individuals. There were differences in the value means among the months of the year in some components, where the overall means of WBC, LYM, MON, GRA, HGB, MCH and MCHC were significantly (P<0.05) higher in winter as compared to summer months, whereas, MCV means were significantly (P<0.05) higher in summer as compared to winter months, whereas there were no significant (P>0.05) differences in the means of RBC, RDW, PLT or MPV among summer and winter months.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Plasma biochemical profile of dairy cows, with respect to diet and breed

    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine if total replacement of soybean meal (SBM) with a rapeseed by-product (RS-by) in the diets of Romanian Black Spotted (RBS) and Montbéliarde (MB) breeds will cause changes of the biochemical profile in lactating cows. Thirty-two healthy multiparous dairy cows, mid-lactation stage, were randomly assigned to four homogeneous groups (2 RBS and 2 MB) of 8 cows each for 42 days of experiment. Groups received the same basal diet (maize silage and alfalfa hay) and two types of compound feed: control (with 12.5% SBM) and experimental (with 12.5% RS-by). Individual blood samples were collected at the end of the trial from the mammary vein and plasma biochemical parameters were determined. The main effects of feed, breed and their interaction were statistically analyzed with SPSS software. Plasma energy parameters were not affected by the dietary treatments, but glucose was higher in MB breed. Total protein and urea were significantly higher (7.99 vs. 6.93 g/dL; 18.50 vs. 15.31 mg/dL) in control compared to the experimental group; urea was also influenced by the feed x breed interaction. Magnesium was significantly higher (1.98 vs.1.59 mg/dL) in the experimental group. Alanine aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase were significantly higher (35.75 vs. 29.00 U/L; 43.62 vs. 36.40 U/L) in the control group. The mineral or enzimatic analytes were not affected by animal breed. The majority of the parameters ranged between the normal limits.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • The pig gut microbiota analysis techniques, a comparison

    • Abstract: The gastrointestinal tract microbiota composition can be radically different among pigs with regards to their health, age, feed intake, breed, and local conditions making its investigation into an important and multifaceted tool for evaluating the effects of new breeding and feeding schemes and animal welfare. For a long time, scientists have relied upon classical microbiology techniques to identify the makeup of bacterial populations from the gastrointestinal tract. Since their conceptions, high throughput sequencing and other molecular techniques contributed immensely in better understanding the pig gut microbiota and its makeup. Since many techniques to identify and quantify the microbiota are based on bacterial gene targets, they can, be used to determine the relation between different bacterial taxons and developmental processes, how it influences the host metabolism or diseases impact. In our review, we offer an overview of the different methods employed in the assay of the gut microbiota of pigs along with differences and pitfalls.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Nutritional potentialities of sweet sorghum plant parts in ruminant
           production system

    • Abstract: The study evaluated the nutritive potentials of 8 cultivars of sweet sorghum and their suitability as ruminant feedstuff. The sorghum cultivars were grown and harvested, each cultivar divided into 2 portions (whole plants and leaves), thereafter ensiled with the view of assessing their nutritive potentials vis-à-vis eco-friendliness for improved/sustained ruminant production. Nutrients and anti-nutrient compositions were assessed. Organic matter digestibility (OMD), methane gas production (CH4), short chain fatty acids (SCFA) and metabolizable energy (ME) were evaluated using in vitro gas production technique. Data generated were subjected to appropriate statistical analysis. From the results, parameters assessed were significantly (P<0.05) improved among the treatments. Ensiling significantly improved the nutritive qualities with respect to the cultivars. The assayed phytochemicals were at tolerable levels and would not hinder nutrients absorption, if fed to ruminants. Further, the in vitro degradability study revealed that whole plant of Samsorg-14 sweet sorghum cultivar and its silage have the best nutritive qualities (CP (7.66%; 9.16%), OMD (37.20%; 37.74%), SCFA (0.32; 0.36 umol/200MgDM), ME (4.91; 4.99 MJ/kgDM), respectively. Hence, Samsorg-14 sweet sorghum cultivar was the best of all the cultivars and could serve as protein/energy source in ruminants’ diet vis-à-vis its methanogenesis, which invariably could contribute to greenhouse gas emission.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Alterations in meat nutrient composition in response to a partial
           replacement of corn with triticale in the broiler diet

    • Abstract: The study evaluated the effect of feeding triticale on proximate composition, amino acids (AA) profile and nutritional value of meat (breast and thigh) of broiler chickens. A 5-weeks trial (1-35d) was conducted on Cobb 500 broilers (n=400), allotted into two dietary groups with five replicates (40 birds/replicate) and fed control (C, corn-soybean meal) and triticale (T, corn-triticale-soybean meal) diets. Broilers meat’s proximate composition and energy value showed no significant differences between treatments. Feeding triticale significantly increased (P<0.05) breast muscle concentrations of arginine, valine and phenylalanine, while the methionine and alanine decreased (P<0.05) and did not affect the total AA, essential, non-essential or flavor AA. Concerning the thigh muscle AA profile, partial corn replacing with triticale decreased (P<0.05) the content of isoleucine, leucine, serine and alanine, without altering the total AA, EAA, NEAA, flavor AA or their ratio. The limiting AA in both muscle types was leucine, irrespective of diet. The EAA index and net protein value revealed no significant differences between diets or muscle types. In conclusion, partial corn replacement in broilers’ diets with triticale did not adversely affect the proximate meat composition and positively impacted broilers’ nutritional meat protein quality.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Estimation of the genetic parameters for Somatic Cell Scores in the first
           lactation of Romanian Black and White cattle

    • Abstract: The aim of study was the estimation of the genetic parameters of somatic cell score of Romanian Black and White cattle population. Test-day records of somatic cell count (SCC) of 305 days lactation were from Romanian Black and White cattle population from experimental farm of our institute. The mean of somatic cell count of milk in the first lactation of Romanian Black and White cows was 291966.89. The genetic parameters were estimates with random regression test-day animal model. The heritability for somatic cell score (SCS) ranged from 0.0473 to 0.147. The breeding values for the best cows for somatic cell score were between -35.566 and -191.358. The genetic correlations between somatic cell count milk records test-day were positive. The phenotypic and genetic correlations between somatic cell count and milk yield were negative.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effect of gamma irradiation on the primary and secondary products of lipid
           oxidation in raw chicken meat, stored under different temperatures and
           packaging – a meta-analysis

    • Abstract: A meta-analysis on the effect of gamma irradiation on lipid oxidation products in raw chicken meat subjected to different temperatures of storage and packageing was carried out. A total of 11 studies were examined in regard to the peroxide value (POV) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). The high heterogeneity in the studies was decisive for the selection of the random effects model applied on the raw mean difference (effect size) for the analysis of the data. The results of the meta-analysis showed that gamma irradiation increased the contents of the primary (POV) and secondary products (TBARS) of lipid oxidation in the raw chicken meat (P<0.001). Further, meta-regression and the examined covariates indicated significant influence of the dose of radiation on the formation of POV (P<0.001), whereas TBARS contents tended to depend on the package of the meat. In most of the studies included in the meta-analysis, the contents of the lipid oxidation products remained in acceptable levels and the treatment with gamma rays did not affect negatively the high nutritive value of the meat.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Dietary clove leaf meal supplementation: influence on egg qualities and
           reproductive morphometry of domestic laying birds

    • Abstract: This study investigated the effects of dietary Syzygium aromaticum supplementation on egg qualities, egg cholesterol and reproductive morphometry of laying hens. Three experimental diets were formulated containing 0.00%, 0.25% and 0.50% Syzygium aromaticum leaf meal (SLM). One hundred and fifty (20 weeks old) Isa-Brown birds were randomly assigned to three-treatment group which comprised 50 birds replicated five times with 10 birds each. Six eggs were collected from each replicate three days to the end of the 1st cycle of laying (4 weeks), 2nd and 3rd cycles and properly labelled for egg qualities assessment. At the end of the 12 weeks feeding trial, 45 birds (3 birds per replicate, that is, 15 birds per treatment) were slaughtered and dissected to evaluate their reproductive parameters. The result showed positive dietary effect (P<0.05) on shell thickness, yolk height, yolk index and egg mass. Cholesterol level of whole eggs, egg yolk and albumen were significantly lowered. Weight of entire reproductive tract and ovary as well as length of infundibulum, magnum, isthmus, uterus and vagina were significantly increased by dietary SLM. Conclusively, clove supplementation at 0.25% and 0.50% could be adopted for improved egg shell thickness and low-cholesterol eggs in poultry production
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
  • Herbal Plants as Feed Additives in Broiler Chicken Diets

    • Abstract: This study evaluated the effect of some herbal plants as natural feed additives on broiler production parameters, carcass parts, and breast meat quality. A total of 150 broiler chicks, Cobb 500 hybrid, were allocated to five treatments with 30 broilers /group, for 42 days. The experimental treatments were: Control (C); a diet containing 5% alfalfa meal (A); a diet containing 5% alfalfa meal and 1% basil (AB); a diet containing 5% alfalfa and 1% thyme (AT) and a diet containing 5% alfalfa and 1% sage (AS). Bodyweight was significantly (P<0.05) affected in AS group compared with C and A groups. Feed conversion ratio was significantly higher only in A and AB groups. Experimental groups had significantly greater (P<0.05) gizzard weight. The total polyphenols content and the antioxidant capacity were significantly (P<0.05) higher in AB, AT, and AS groups versus the C group. The cholesterol concentration was significantly (P<0.05) decreased in AB, AT, and AS meat samples compared with C and A samples. Instrumental colour measurements indicated significant alterations (P<0.05) among the groups regarding the values of L*, a*, b*, H°, C*, and ΔE*. The texture analysis showed that hardness, gumminess, and chewiness were significantly (P<0.05) higher in AB, AT, and AS groups than in C and A groups.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Evaluation of the Effect of Synbiotic in Piglets’ Diet on the
           Nutritional Quality of Pork

    • Abstract: The purpose of the study was to increase the nutritional quality of pork, and to investigate the effect of the synbiotic on the oxidative stability of lipid. A 4 weeks experiment was performed on 8 weaned piglets (age 47 days, TOPIGS), divided into 2 groups (C, E). The control group (C) received a conventional diet, while the experimental group (E) included a diet supplemented with organic Zn and 10 g/kg synbiotic mixture. The productive parameters were evaluated. After slaughtered, muscle (tenderloin, shoulder, loin, ham and belly) and organs samples (liver, spleen and kidney) were collected. The muscle and organs samples were analysed regarding the proximate chemical analysis (dry matter, crude protein, crude fat, and ash). The antioxidant capacity and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) were performed on shoulder and ham samples at first day of the trial, 4 and 7 days after refrigeration. The crude fat determined in the loin samples, recorded a significant increase in the E group compared to the C group. The ash was higher in the shoulder samples from C group than in E group. At 7 days of refrigeration, the MDA concentration was significantly lower in the shoulder and ham samples from E group than those from C group. The conclusion was that the diet supplemented with organic Zn and 10 g/kg synbiotic mixture contributed to the delay of the lipid oxidation process of the shoulder and ham samples during the refrigeration period.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Estimation the Genetic Parameters for Milk Yield in Romanian Spotted,
           Simmental Type Cattle Breed

    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to estimate the genetic parameters for test-day traits milk yield and the breeding value in Romanian Spotted, Simmental type cattle. Random regression test-day animal model was used to estimate the genetic parameters. The number of records were 2062 test-day from 302 cows. The data were obtained from Romanian Breeding Association Romanian Spotted, Simmental type. The heritability estimates values for milk yield ranged between 0.377 and 0.417. The heritability for fat test-day yield in our study was low the values ranged between 0.117 and 0.236 and for protein test-day yield was medium, the values ranged between 0.308 and 0.372.The breeding value for the best ten cows for milk yield ranged from 1946.57 to 3250.38 kg, for fat yield were between 64.92 and 98.86 kg and for protein ranged from 67.26 to 102.21 kg. The correlations between test-day milk yields ranging from 0.28 to 1. Genetic correlations between test day fat and protein yields were high.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effects of High Fiber Ingredients with Enzyme/Phytoadditive Addition on
           Laying Hens Productive Performances, Egg Nutritional Quality and
           Intestinal Morphology

    • Abstract: Fibre inclusion in laying hen diets it is considered a solution to reduce feed formulation costs by improving nutrients absorption and metabolization within the gastrointestinal tract. A 5-wk study was conducted on 200, Tetra SL layers (28 weeks) randomly allocated in 5 groups (C, E1, E2, E3, E4, respectively), with initial average weights of 1732.26±109.35 g/hen, housed (4 hens/cage; 10 cages/group; 40 hens/group). All groups had the same basic feed compound structure (corn, oil, soybean meal and sunflower meal). The conventional diet (C group) contained 2780 kcal/kg Metabolizable energy (ME); 17.5% Crude protein (CP); 4.39% Crude fibre (CF). The experimental diets added 16.56% sunflower meal and 20% rice bran, increasing the dietary cellulose up to 7%. The fibre digestibility was improved using on E2 (0.015% enzyme); E3 (0.015% phytoadditive) and E4 (0.015% enzyme + 0.015% phytoadditive). The high fibre diets had no negative impact on productive performances and egg quality parameters. Yolk cholesterol significantly decreased (P<0.05) on E1, E3 and E4 groups compared to C, E2 groups. Villi height increased significantly (P<0.05) on E2 group compared to all other groups. In conclusion, the high dietary crude fibre (7%), additional enzymes/phyto additives, can improve the nutrient digestibility and intestinal morphology with beneficial effects on health and egg quality.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Camelina Meal and Chromium Picolinate Effects on Broiler Thigh Meat
           Nutritional Properties

    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the combined effects of trivalent chromium and camelina meal on proximate composition, mineral content and fatty acids profile of broiler chicken thigh meat. An experiment with 2 x 3 factorial arrangement was performed on 240 Ross 308 broiler chicken aged 14 days. Six dietary treatments were elaborated as follows: 0 and 3% inclusion rate of Camelina meal and 0, 200 and 400 μg/kg chromium picolinate (CrPic).Supplementation of broiler diets with 3% Camelina meal led to significantly (P<0.05) increased crude fat concentrations in thigh samples compared to control group or with single chromium supplemented groups. In thigh samples, Zn and Fe concentrations increased under CrPic influence and fatty acids profile was influenced by Camelina meal presence in the diets. In Camelina meal supplemented groups, were registered significantly increased omega 3 fatty acids concentrations compared to control group or single chromium supplemented groups.The results of the present study found that Camelina meal and chromium picolinate supplements in broilers diets improved the nutritional properties of thigh meat, especially essential minerals content and fatty acids profile.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Performance and Blood Metabolites of Growing Pigs Fed Diet

    • Abstract: During 30 days, the effects of millet grain regimen on performance indicators and blood metabolites in growing pigs were studied. A total of 40 Topigs pigs with similar age (81±3d) and weight (13.58±0.36 kg) were divided into two groups: control (C), based on the corn-triticale (25%)-soybean meal and experimental (M, where the millet replaces triticale). The production parameters and plasma samples were evaluated at the end of the experiment. Spotchem EZ SP-4430 analyzer from Arkray-Japan was used to assess the blood lipid, protein, enzyme, and mineral profiles. We noticed that the M diet maintains appropriate performance (33.22 vs. 31.30 final BW; 0.646 vs. 0.608 average daily gain; 1.39 vs. 1.29 average daily feed intake and, respectively 0.46 vs. 0.47 Gain: Feed ratio) and plasma metabolic profile with the C diet (P>0.05). In conclusion, the 25% millet added to the growing pigs' diet did not affect the performance indicators or body health.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • The Effects and Mechanisms of Action of Zearalenone in Human Intestinal
           Epithelial Cells

    • Abstract: Fusariotoxins are fungal secondary metabolites produced mainly by Fusarium and Giberella species, zearalenone (ZEA) being one of the most widespread members of this class. Exposure to ZEA affects the health of animals and humans, predominantly by disrupting the activity of the reproductive system due to its structural resemblance to estrogen, but it also affects other systems such as the digestive, nervous and immune systems. The main route through which ZEA enters the body is by ingestion, the intestinal epithelium being the first tissue exposed to the toxin. The intestinal barrier not only has a mechanical role in defending the body, it is also able to secrete effector molecules involved in the immune and inflammatory response such as cytokines. In this in vitro study, performed on the line Caco-2, the effects of ZEA on inflammation of the intestinal epithelium were studied by quantifying gene expression and protein concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8. Also, the mechanism of inflammation that ZEA can affect at intestinal level was investigated by monitoring the level of mRNA and the protein expression of the nuclear receptors NF-κB and Nrf-2. The results of this study demonstrate that ZEA has an anti-inflammatory character on human intestinal epithelial cells Caco-2, reducing the gene expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8. Also, ZEA led to a decrease in the protein concentration of IL-6 and IL-8. The anti-inflammatory response seems to be induced by modulation of gene and protein expresion of NF-κB and Nrf-2 nuclear receptors.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Evaluation of spp. Based on Phenotypical Profile as Direct-Fed Microbial
           Candidate for Poultry Nutrition

    • Abstract: The present study was conducted to isolate, identify and characterize a lactic acid bacteria strain from turkey ileum content (46-day-old). The new strain was phenotypical confirmed as Lactobacillus acidophilus (L. acidophilus) and conserved under the code IBNA 09. Bacterial profile of L. acidophilus was compared with other strains known as L. paracasei CCM 1837 and L. plantarum ATCC 8014, based on cultural, morphological, biochemical and enzymatic activity (amylase and cellulase). The strains appear as Gram positive bacilli, thin, non-spore-forming, isolated, diplo form, in short chains or in small irregular piles on Man Rogosa and Sharp (MRS) broth and agar medium. The identification and biochemical traits were performed by catalase assay, API 50 CHL V 5.1 soft (L. acidophilus biotype 2, 99.9% ID; good identification to the genus L. paracasei spp. paracasei 1 or 3, 48-51% ID; L. plantarum 1, 99.9% ID) and ABIS online (L. acidophilus ~ 88%; L. paracasei spp. paracasei, ~ 90%; L. plantarum, ~91%). The highest total score of extracellular amylase activity was recorded by L. acidophilus IBNA 09 at 24-48 h (5.10 ± 0.176 U/mL, 4.99 ± 0.409 U/mL), follow by L. paracasei CCM 1837(0.12 ± 0.002 U/mL, 0.15 ± 0.001 U/mL). During entire period, cellulase production was observed only for L. acidophilus (0.28 ± 0.019 U/mL), comparative with L. paracasei where the activity was observed in the first 24 h, respectively at 72 h for L. plantarum. These results suggest that L. acidophilus IBNA 09 possesses potential probiotic traits as a suitable candidate for amylase and cellulase production, and starter culture can improve cereal fermentation and the process of digestion in poultry nutrition.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • The Effect of Dietary Addition of a Synbiotic After Long-Term Starvation
           on Certain Biochemical Parameters and Liver Structure in Common Carp ( L.)

    • Abstract: The prolonged starvation has many effects on the physiological and morphological processes in fish and interferes them with the ability to absorb nutrients and caloric intake. The aim of present study was to investigate the effect of long-term starvation and posterior dietary administration of commercial synbiotic consisting fructoligosaccharide (FOS) which used in combination with Enterococcus, Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium and Lactococcus spp. for evaluation on some blood biochemical parameters and histological characteristics of common carp liver. Experimental fish after 5 months starvation period were subjected to the following feeding protocols: continuous starvation until 60 day (ST), re-feeding (FS) with dry composed diet (Aqua 1032 Swim) and refeeding with composed diet and synbiotic (FSS) for the following 60 days. Blood samples were used for analysis of the following plasma parameters: total protein, albumin, globulin, urea, creatinine, cholesterol, AST, ALT, glucose and serum for thyroid hormones. Histology analyses were performed on the carp liver samples. During the experimental period, fasting and refeeding were influenced significant on studied biochemical parameters, except glucose and urea. Also, the statistically largest (P <0.001) difference was observed in albumin and cholesterol values after refeeding. Our results reveal the changes in values of biochemical parameters during long-term starvation and refeeding with synbiotic and indicate signs of structural alterations of the liver in common carp.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effect of Storage Time On the Hatchability of Eggs of Two-Line
           Dual-Purpose Combination for Production of Male Chickens for Meat

    • Abstract: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of the storage time on the hatching traits of eggs obtained from a two-line dual-purpose combination for production of male chickens that will be utilized for meat. The trial was carried out in the experimental poultry farm of the Institute of Animal Science-Kostinbrod, with a total of 150 Lohmann Brown Classic layers, at the age of 54 weeks. Hatching eggs were gathered for three weeks and were stored for 5, 10 and 15 days at 15-18°C ambient temperature prior incubation. The storage time had no effect on the fertility of the set eggs, however, it adversely affected the hatchability. Prolonged storage led to significant decline in the total hatchability (P=0.0027) and the hatchability of the fertile eggs (P<0.0001) which was lowest after 15 days of storage prior incubation. The viability of the chickens was influenced by the storage of the eggs prior incubation (P<0.0001), and decreased considerably when the chicks were hatched from eggs stored for 15 days.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
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