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  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 103 journals)
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Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2528-7109 - ISSN (Online) 1978-3000
Published by Universitas Bengkulu Homepage  [25 journals]
  • Estimation of Genetic Superiority and Reproductive Performance of Dairy
           Cows at different rearing locations

    • Authors: Yuliati Wahyu Setyorini, Edy Kurnianto, Sutopo Sutopo, Sutiyono Sutiyono
      Pages: 134 - 141
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to estimate the genetic superiority using the estimated breeding value (EBV) and most probable producing ability (MPPA), and to elucidate the reproductive performance of dairy cows at different rearing locations. This study used data from dairy cows in two locations, namely at the breeding dairy center (Group I) for 100 heads and the smallholder farm (group II) for 40 head cows. The survey method was used in this study. The parameters observed were total milk production, days open (DO), service per conception (S/C), and calving interval (CI). The data were analyzed descriptively and using a t-test. The results showed that cows in group I had more superior genetic potential. Productivity in groups I and II for the total milk production were 5.017,52±1.096,84 and 3.922,52±1.296,55 kg/head/lactation, respectively;DO was 141,45±64,30 and 281,68±92,42 days, respectively S/C were1,47±0,61 and 1,70±0,69 times, respectively; and CI was421,59±63,47 and 565,23±95,33 days, respectively.  In conclusion, differences in management systems in breeding dairy centers and smallholder farms give different productivity. The results can be used for management improvement and increasing productivity strategies. Livestock selection can be done by estimating the genetic superiority using the estimated breeding value and most probable producing ability.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.31186/jspi.id.17.3.134-141
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2022)
  • Impact of Glutathione Administration on Antioxidant Levels and Ileum
           Histologic of Growth Phase of Cihateup Duck in Extensively Maintained

    • Authors: Andi Mushawwir, N. Suwarno, H.N. Aritonang
      Pages: 142 - 148
      Abstract: This research has been carried out for a month using eighty three-month-old female Cihateup ducks and has been used to study the influence of glutathione on the endogen antioxidant response and histological illeum. The separation of glutathione was carried out using the distillation technique. Each experimental group consisted of 20 ducks, each treated with G0 = without glutathione; G1= Administration of glutathione 150 µL/head; G2 = Administration of glutathione 175 µL/head; G3= Administration of glutathione 175 µL/head. Tissue and blood sampling was collected at the end of the study by EDTA tube and a fixative solution, and tissue preparations were made using the Mallory-Asan technique and analyzed using a binocular microscope. Antioxidant levels were measured using a spectrophotometer technique based on the instructions of the Randox Kit. The results showed that glutathione affected (P<0.05) morphometric ileum (villi, Peyeri's plaque and goblet cells) and increased with increasing glutathione level and endogenous antioxidant response. It was concluded that glutathione is able to stimulate protein and lipid anabolism, as well as hormonal signals related to ileal tissue growth and antioxidants.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.31186/jspi.id.17.3.142-148
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2022)
  • Estimation of Repeatability and Most Probable Producing Ability (MPPA) of
           Sapudi Sheep Based on Daily Body Weight Gain of Lambs from Birth to
           Pre-weaning and Weaning

    • Authors: Mudawamah Mudawamah, M. Z. Anwar, Sumartono Sumartono
      Pages: 149 - 154
      Abstract: This research aimed to estimate the repeatability and MPPA values of Sapudi ewes based on the lamb’s daily gain from birth to pre-weaning and weaning. Using recorded data in a pedigree of lamb, 53 data with half-sib relationship came from 14 ewes which included the record of body weight gain of Sapudi lambs from birth to pre-weaning and weaning. The data were analyzed by descriptive method with a quantitative approach. The study showed that the average daily gain of pre-weaning and weaning was 007 kg/day. The repeatability value of pre-weaning and weaning daily gain was 0.636 in the high category and 0.377 in the medium category. The MPPA daily gain values for pre-weaning and weaning ranged from -0.032 to 0.018 and -0.016 to 0.009. The research concluded that the Sapudi sheep ewes based on the MPPA daily gain pre-weaning were six heads with four rankings, while the daily weight gain weaning was ten heads with ranking of five. The highest rank of Sapudi ewes in pre-weaning and weaning daily gain was ear tag 094 with MPPA values of 0.018 and 0.009. It is recommended that further research can be conducted to estimate the repeatability value of quantitative periodically as the basis for the selection and culling of livestock.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.31186/jspi.id.17.3.149-154
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2022)
  • The Potency of Ammonia from Broiler’s Manure Based on Age Phase of
           Ration Administration on Closed House and Open House

    • Authors: Mona Anggraini, Irma Badarina, Bieng Brata
      Pages: 155 - 158
      Abstract: The aim of this research was to evaluate the potency of ammonia production from broiler’s manure based on the age phase of ration administration on the closed and open house cage. This research used Completely Randomized Design in Factorial 3x 2 with the first factor was three age phase of rations administration (0-10 days old, 11-21 days old and 22-32 days old) with three replications of each age phases. The second factor was the type of cage system (closed and open house) with two cages of each  cage type.  The variable observed was the ammonia concentration from broiler’s manure. The  Data were analyzed for their variance by Analyzes of Variance (Anova). The detailed test used Duncan Multiple Range Test.    The result of this research showed that the age phases of ration administration increased the manure ammonia concentration (P<0.05).  The older of age phase  increased the ammonia concentration.  The  cage system had significant effect to ammonia concentration.  The closed house system produced the ammonia concentration higher than open house cage.   The technology that were used in closed house system had a positive effect to ammonia mitigation.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.31186/jspi.id.17.3.155-158
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2022)
  • Relationship between Scrotal Circumference and Quality of Semen Production
           in Bulls: A Meta-Analysis Review

    • Authors: Ikwan Wahyudi, Moh. Qalfin, R. Susanti, Talitha Widiatningrum
      Pages: 159 - 169
      Abstract: This meta-analysis review was conducted to determine the relationship between scrotal circumference and semen production quality in bulls. The research method includes article search, selection, and assessment stages based on the specified inclusion criteria. The results of the selection and assessment of articles obtained 38 articles for meta-analysis. Data analysis was performed using the CMA program using a random-effects model to estimate the correlation coefficient. The results of the meta-analysis showed that overall scrotal circumference was significantly correlated (p < 0.05) with semen volume (r = 0.441), semen concentration (r = 0.328), and spermatozoa motility (r = 0.411). The relationship between scrotal circumference and semen quality was positive in the moderate category. Analysis based on the variation of bull breeds showed that the relationship between scrotal circumference and semen volume and concentration was not significantly different in Bos taurus, Bos indicus, and Bos sondaicus cattle (p > 0.05). Scrotal circumference and spermatozoa motility were significantly different in the Bos taurus, Bos indicus, and Bos sondaicus cattle (p < 0.05). This meta-analysis confirms that scrotal circumference can be a parameter in determining superior bulls because the scrotal circumference is positively related to the quality of semen production.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.31186/jspi.id.17.3.159-169
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2022)
  • Polymorphism of Prolactin Gene (PRL/PstI) In Sikumbang Jonti Duck Using
           PCR-RFLP Methods

    • Authors: Teguh Rafian, Yurnalis Yurnalis, Yosi Fenita, Rafi Iskandarsyah
      Pages: 170 - 174
      Abstract: This study is aimed to determine polymorphism of the Prolactin gene (PRL PstI) in Sikumbang Jonti ducks using PCR-RFLP (Polymerase Chain Reaction–Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism) method. This study used 56 Sikumbang Jonti ducks whose blood samples were taken. Gene amplification used a pair of primers forward 5' TGC AAA CCA TAA AAG AAA AGA 3' and reverse 5' CAA TGA AAA GTG GCA AAG CAA 3', which resulted in a 400 bp fragment in exon 5 of the Prolactin (PRL) gene. The amplification product was restricted using the PstI enzyme, which recognizes the truncation site (5' G↓ACGTC 3'). From 56 samples of Sikumbang Jonti ducks identified, just one genotype was found, homozygous (-/-) with only one allele (-). Analysis of the restriction product in Sikumbang Jonti ducks obtained a uniform genetic variation of PRL PstI (monomorphic) with an allele frequency (-) of 100%.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.31186/jspi.id.17.3.170-174
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2022)
  • Marketing of Moa buffalo at farm level in Maluku Province, Indonesia

    • Authors: Jomima Martha Tatipikalawan, F. T. Haryadi, E. Sulastri, T.S.M. Widi
      Pages: 175 - 181
      Abstract: Buffalo Moa is Indonesia's local livestock which is potentially maintained by the community on Moa Island as a source of family income and nutrition. This study aims to examine the marketing system, selling prices and factors that influence the price of buffalo at the farmer level. The results of the study found that the maintenance system was still traditionally carried out with two systems, namely semi-intensive during the rainy season and extensive during the dry season. The main motivation for raising livestock as a source of income, others as a means of payment for customary sanctions, family and religious events, marriage dowries. Buffalo cattle are marketed in the form of live animals and use intermediary traders. Weak market information so traders are more dominant in selling prices. Determination of the value of buffalo as a medium of exchange based on horn length and sex, the value of buffalo to be traded based on its performance, not defective, male sex at a higher price and the age range of 5–10 years, normal skin (not albino) is preferred Factors that influence the selling price at the breeder level are buffalo age, gender, skin color and climate.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.31186/jspi.id.17.3.175-181
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2022)
  • Farmer Share and Efficiency of Breeding Cow Marketing Channels in Bali

    • Authors: Ni Made Ayu Gemuh Rasa Astiti, I G. A. D. S. Rejeki, Marselina Ngongo
      Pages: 182 - 188
      Abstract: Experts have widely carried out research on cattle since 1960. However, regarding the efficiency of the cattle marketing channel in Bali, especially in the livestock group in the village of Ayunan, it is necessary to study its efficiency for that researcher conducted research to know the efficiency of marketing cattle in Bali. Using the census method, 40 farmers consisted of two livestock groups, namely the Karang Ayu livestock group and the Karya livestock group, each consisting of 20 people. Instruments or measuring tools used in the interview guide to help obtain answers from respondents are structured and closed questionnaires for open-ended questions. The
      results showed four channels formed from the marketing system of cattle breeds in Bali, namely marketing channel i. Breeders sell livestock to other farmers in one village (12.5%), Marketing Channel ii. Breeders sell directly to animal markets (7.5%). %), Channel iii Farmers sell livestock to blank in the cattle barn (74.5%), and IV Farmers sell livestock to blank in the animal market (5.5%). With marketing efficiency for male seeds for each channel of 0; 2.57; 1.18, and 1.61, while the marketing efficiency in each channel for female cattle is: 0;3.53; 1.50, and 1.92. It is said that the most effective marketing channel for cattle breeds in Bali is through my marketing, namely the breeders selling the cow breeds in the stables and those who buy them around the farm because they do not incur marketing costs.
      PubDate: 2022-09-29
      DOI: 10.31186/jspi.id.17.3.182-188
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 3 (2022)
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