A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 107 journals)
The end of the list has been reached or no journals were found for your choice.
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
People and Animals : The International Journal of Research and Practice
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2575-9078
Published by Purdue University Homepage  [13 journals]
  • Understanding Psychiatric Patients’ Experience of Virtual
           Animal-Assisted Therapy Sessions during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Haley Scheck et al.
      Abstract: Canine animal-assisted therapy (AAT) can improve the mental health and well-being of incarcerated individuals. An in-person AAT program has been offered at the Regional Psychiatric Center (RPC) in Saskatoon, Canada, since 2014 with St. John Ambulance Therapy Dog Program (SJATDP) dog and handler teams. The program transitioned, for the first time, to a virtual format with the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020. This exploratory research examines whether and how a virtual offering of AAT at RPC can provide positive benefits to forensic psychiatric patients. Overall, the findings reveal an understanding of the virtual sessions from patient, handler, and clinician perspectives, including (a) differences between connection in virtual versus in-person facilitation, (b) the role of technology, (c) the unique role of the handler, and benefits for patients, including (d) emotional support, (e) positive effects on mental health, and (f) feelings of hope, normalcy, and deinstitutionalization despite the COVID-19 pandemic. Using an online platform allowed patients who had had preexisting interactions with the therapy dog teams to form or continue their connection/bond and benefit from AAT during the COVID-19 pandemic, a time when in-person contact was not possible. Therefore, this research provides support for the use of web-based video conferencing in facilitating AAT sessions with incarcerated psychiatric patients.
      PubDate: Mon, 23 May 2022 07:35:32 PDT
       
  • A Mixed-Methods Assessment of Human Well-Being Related to the Presence of
           Companion Animals During the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Bindi Bennett et al.
      Abstract: COVID-19 and the measures used to curb the pandemic (e.g., lockdowns, isolation) have significantly impacted mental health and well-being. This study sought to investigate the role of companion animals in alleviating stress and improving mental health during the pandemic. In this study, 250 Australian adults completed measures of well-being and life satisfaction, animal dependency, perceived emotional support from animals, and animals’ effect on mood. Employment and living with others were the strongest predictors of positive life satisfaction and well-being, while greater dependency on companion animals for emotional support and companion animals’ negative effects on mood were associated with reduced life satisfaction and well-being. Qualitative data indicated equivocal results with animals a source of both support and stress, pointing to the complex nature of human–animal relationships, particularly during times of considerable stress. These outcomes have significant implications for welfare, as animals perceived to be annoying or disruptive may be at higher risk of abuse, neglect, and behavioral surrendering.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Apr 2022 10:10:29 PDT
       
  • Perceptions and Practices of Key Worker Stakeholder Groups in Hospital
           Animal- Assisted Intervention Programs on Occupational Benefits and
           Perceived Risks

    • Authors: Kathryn R. Dalton et al.
      Abstract: Background: Animal-assisted intervention (AAI) programs, used widely for patient benefit, have increasingly been used for healthcare workers (HCW) to reduce occupational stress. However, there are barriers to these programs which limit their utilization, for both patients and HCW, specifically infectious disease concerns. The aim of the research project is to identify barriers and facilitators to AAI program use for healthcare worker benefit, and determine knowledge, beliefs, and practices regarding infectious disease risk and control policies, in order to understand the contextual parameters of program implementation.Methods: We collected perceptions of key stakeholders involved with hospital AAI programs (HCW and AAI workers) through semi-structured in-depth interviews. We used framework analysis to guide thematic coding, completed independently by three researchers.Results: We interviewed 37 participants in this study. We divided our themes into two topic areas: program use for HCW and perceived infectious disease risk. Use for healthcare workers included perspectives on the benefits for HCW and program barriers and facilitators (specifically collaboration and leadership). Perceived risk included opinions on infection concerns with AAI, thoughts on control measures to reduce this risk, and responsibility for safety during these programs.Conclusions: While significant benefits were reported for HCW, they were limited by administrative barriers and hazard concerns. Facilitators to surmount these barriers are best implemented with collaboration across the hospital and appropriate leadership roles to direct safe program implementation. By addressing these barriers through targeted facilitators in the form of evidence-backed guidelines, AAI programs can be used to benefit both patients and HCW.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Mar 2022 06:30:31 PDT
       
  • Attachment and Perceived Stress among Pet Owners before and during the
           Lockdown in China

    • Authors: Sara Platto et al.
      Abstract: The current pandemic has brought a lot of social and economic strains to families worldwide, as well as making a huge impact on the long- term care of companion animals. The current study explored differences in the attachment level of owners toward their pets and their perceived stress before and during the pandemic in China. The questionnaire, besides demographic information, included a modified version of the Companion Animal Bonding Scale (CABS) and the original form of the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). A total of 261 questionnaires were collected. The respondents did not show any significant differences in attachment level toward their companion animals before and during the pandemic, nor in relation to the type of pet (dog or cat). The study showed that when pet owners experienced emotional difficulties such as perceived stress/anger and lack of control, the attachment toward their pets was compromised, indicated by an increase of the negative aspects of the bond. These factors also were positively associated with the pandemic and with strict and medium levels of lockdown. Moreover, the pet owners were more likely to sleep with their companion animals when they felt a higher perceived lack of control, and this behavior was higher in women than in men. On the other hand, attachment toward the pets increased when there was more than one animal in the household, and when the respondents had difficulties in providing food supplies to their companion animals. It is critical to understand how companion animals might affect the lives of their owners during times of crisis, in order to provide people with suitable support and to avoid animal abandonment.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Mar 2022 07:25:25 PDT
       
  • “Why should the fish feel safe' I don’t feel safe!”: An Audit of
           Pet Ownership within an NHS Service for Adults with Severe Mental Illness,
           with Lessons for Service Improvement

    • Authors: Abigail Alfrey et al.
      Abstract: Background—Several studies have identified that pets can promote mental health, wellness, and recovery. However, little is known about the impact of pet ownership upon those with a severe mental illness (SMI), or whether mental health services are offering sufficient support that is specific to the needs of pet-owning service users. Aims—To identify the proportion of pet owners among an urban, U.K.-based community psychosis service; and to elicit service users’ views on pet ownership, to better understand and support this population’s particular needs. Method—The proportion of pet owners among this sample (n = 212) was compared with U.K. population data using a z-test. Semistructured interviews were conducted with a volunteer subsample of service users (N = 11), and interpretive phenomenological analysis (IPA) was used to explore their idiographic experiences of pet ownership. Results—The proportion of people with SMI who own pets was significantly lower than the national average. IPA revealed that pet ownership in the context of SMI had both positive and negative influences upon mental health, notions of self and well-being, and social capital. Conclusions—Pet ownership in the context of SMI is complex, and the associated benefits and challenges are best understood at a case-by-case level. Service providers should note that pet ownership can form an important part of service users’ identities and should be actively considered when managing their care. For instance, pets can offer an engaging topic of conversation through which to develop positive, person-centered relationships with service users and can offer an accessible route into more difficult conversations surrounding care and crisis planning.
      PubDate: Fri, 21 Jan 2022 07:15:39 PST
       
  • Not So Different as Cats and Dogs: Companionship during the COVID-19
           Pandemic

    • Authors: Shelly Volsche et al.
      Abstract: COVID- 19 lockdown provided a unique, in situ opportunity to probe caretaker experiences of living with companion animals during a stressful event. We launched an online survey in the United States that included standard demographic questions, questions related to household structures, and 25 Likert scale questions that probed perceptions of whether and how respondents’ relationships changed during social isolation. This paper uses a subset of that data specific to dog and cat guardians. A principal components analysis and Mann-Whitney U test returned no significant differences between cat and dog guardians on three scales (Scale 1: Psychological Well-being, Scale 2: Bonding, and Scale 3: Companion Animal vs. Family). However, subtle differences emerged on specific items (e.g., “my pet is an extension of me”). We suggest guardian perceptions of species-specific needs and cognitive/emotional capacities may bias relationships with companion animals. Furthermore, we suggest these differences are the result of persistent cultural myths about the differences between cats and dogs.
      PubDate: Fri, 21 Jan 2022 07:15:31 PST
       
  • Coding Human-Animal Interactions in Homes of Children with Autism Spectrum
           Disorders

    • Authors: Caitlin Lisk et al.
      Abstract: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder characterized by differences in social functioning, communication, sensory preferences, and behavior. These differences invite an effort to understand the human-animal bond and its impact on families and children with ASD. The purpose of this study was to determine if the Observation of Human-Animal Interaction for Research (OHAIRE) coding tool can be utilized in a home-based setting to code human-animal interactions in children with ASD. The OHAIRE is a coding tool developed to quantify the behavior of children when interacting with social partners and animals in naturalistic settings. The tool has been tested for reliability and validity within structured, community-based settings; however, it has not been used in home-based settings. This study aimed to analyze the feasibility of utilizing the OHAIRE tool in home-based settings. The second aim was to determine if interrater and intrarater reliability could be reached between coders using data from the home-based videos. Nine minutes of video were obtained for the study. Participant-provided video was challenging to obtain and presented some coding challenges as quality differed from training videos. Participant training and incentives may increase usability of home-based video for coding interactions. Interrater reliability agreement was reached between primary and secondary coders ranging from .842 to .888. Intrarater reliability was met with substantial agreement to almost perfect agreement and ranged from .792 to .929. The OHAIRE coding tool is a promising measure of in-home human-animal interactions that may require adaptations for coding home-based interactions. Further research should include testing in home-based settings with larger and more diverse sample sizes.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Nov 2021 08:30:27 PST
       
  • If the World Was Ending: Companion Animals and Their Guardians in COVID-19
           Times

    • Authors: Yahaira Segarra-González et al.
      Abstract: This research aimed to quantitatively explore various elements related to people living with companion animals during the COVID-19 emergency lockdown in Puerto Rico. Among the variables studied are guardians’ gender, age, animal species, time spent per day with the companion animal, perceived benefits, and attachment level between the person and their companion animal. Matters related to emergency preparedness plans regarding companion animals, changes in the human- animal interactions, and perceived companion animals’ changes during the lockdown were analyzed. Researchers used an online questionnaire for data collection. The sample consisted of participants over 21 years old (n = 3,663) living on the Island during the emergency COVID-19 closure. The results showed statistically significant evidence that, on average, women had higher attachment levels than men and perceived higher benefits from their companion animals during the lockdown. Additionally, findings suggest a moderately significant positive correlation between human–companion animal attachment and guardians’ perceived benefits. Some of the perceived benefits during lockdown and confinement included companionship and unconditional support, a sense of security, relaxation, and the elimination of boredom. Interestingly, the majority reported considering companion animals in their family emergency plans, including having someone who could take care of their companion animals if needed. These and other results are presented, discussed, and contrasted with recent related research, highlighting the similarities and differences in current data, limitations, and future directions. In conclusion, overall, the pandemic allowed more opportunities for positive interaction between people and their companion animals and helped guardians cope better in this novel and vulnerable situation.
      PubDate: Mon, 29 Nov 2021 06:25:19 PST
       
  • The State of Animal- Assisted Interventions in France: Is the IAHAIO Model
           Relevant'

    • Authors: Alice Mignot et al.
      Abstract: Animal- assisted interventions (AAI) became more generalized in health care settings and their development in Europe is increasing. In France, the practice has grown in the absence of official recognition and regulation. In this context, we aim to identify the main characteristics of the French practice of AAI that can influence the establishment of a local regulation. Second, we aim to question the relevance of the model proposed by the International Association of Human- Animal Interaction Organizations (IAHAIO) distinguishing animal- assisted therapies (AAT) and (AAA) animal- assisted activities from the French practice of AAI. We interviewed 111 French handlers in AAI that work with at least one dog through an online questionnaire about their professional backgrounds and the main features of their practices of AAI (characteristics, beneficiaries, and animals). Our results indicated that AAI are at an important moment of expansion and are currently under autonomous regulation. Practices and handlers’ backgrounds are heterogeneous, as well as training centers in AAI, which reflect the fragmentation of the field. This snapshot of the French practice of AAI underlined that regulations should focus first on a mandatory training, a common standard for each training center, and specific guidelines for each pathology and animal species involved. In addition, the influence of handlers’ backgrounds on the type of AAI they practice must be taken into account in regulations. As animals are central in AAI, regulations should focus on their welfare and the certification of dogs to ensure both their safety and the safety of beneficiaries during sessions. Finally, the initial training in the medico- social field seems to influence the practices. Therefore, the common model distinguishing AAT and AAA could be a basis to regulate AAI in France, as in Italy. Indeed, our results underlined that a first categorization between AAI as a professional specialization or an independent profession could be useful. Still, whatever the type of practices, animal and beneficiary welfare should be at the center of regulations in a One Health perspective. As a result, the French government needs to support AAI development such as in other European countries (Sweden, Austria, and Italy) and should collaborate with handlers, organizations, health care facilities, animal professions, and scientists.
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Nov 2021 10:05:41 PST
       
  • An Exploratory Analysis of Virtual Delivery Alternatives for
           University-Based Animal Assisted Activities During COVID-19

    • Authors: Aleisha Fernandes et al.
      Abstract: Animal-assisted activities (AAAs) are being offered progressively in universities to support students’ well-being. However, with the recent health restrictions due to COVID-19, all classes and health services are being delivered remotely. Due to this, many postsecondary institutions have put a temporary pause on AAAs. Most recently, there has been a growing interest and rise in virtual AAAs being facilitated at universities in North America, which vary in duration, group size, and other organizational elements. Furthermore, prior to the pandemic there was also an interest in collaborative events that sought to combine multiple activities with AAAs. Due to the nature of virtual events, virtual AAAs may require a collaborative component to increase student engagement which should be explored further to determine students’ interest and input into their design. This study surveyed university students at a North American campus, Simon Fraser University, to determine students’ interests and gather input into the design of virtual and collaborative AAAs. It also compared and contrasted the responses of students who have, and have not, participated in AAAs prior to the survey, as well as evaluated students’ experience with virtual AAAs. Students were also asked about their motivations and barriers to in-person AAAs to understand how remote AAAs can address them and use the information gained in their design. Findings suggest students are not interested in virtual AAAs but they did show high interest in collaborative AAAs. Many students showed lack of interest in virtual AAAs due to uncertainty of what virtual AAAs would be like. There were also a variety of motivations and barriers reported by students that may only be applicable to in-person events. Students who have, and have not, participated in AAAs provided similar results. Future research is recommended to pilot a virtual AAA program and evaluate students’ satisfaction afterward to see if remote AAAs should be continued once in-person classes return.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 Nov 2021 07:05:28 PDT
       
  • Attitude toward Companion and Guard Dogs in Hawaii: Health and Welfare
           Implications

    • Authors: Lynn Morrison et al.
      Abstract: The island of Hawaii exhibits extremes in dog welfare ranging from dogs as family members to dogs used as commodities, either as guard or hunting dogs, with many lacking appropriate care. This study offers a preliminary exploration of people’s attitudes toward companion and noncompanion dogs and the health and welfare implications for humans and dogs. Data collection included interviews and surveys conducted among 20 companion dog/human and eight guard dog/human dyads. Blood pressure (BP) was monitored during interviews to assess stress. The results of the interview data led to five themes. The first two themes describing contexts of dog welfare and the constraints surrounding advocacy are strongly interrelated. The third theme on the cultural constructs of hunting increases our understanding of attitudes toward dogs in this part of Hawaii. The fourth theme highlights the benefits of having a dog in various settings with the fifth theme outlining participant suggestions for improving the conditions of backyard guard and hunting dogs. Companion dog keepers differed significantly from those who had guard dogs for the Dog Attitude Scale score (F(3,26) = 1.36; p = 0.016) indicating that the companion group had a more positive attitude toward animals. Baseline BP had a statistically significant negative relationship with Animal Attitude Scale score where a one point increase, indicating a positive attitude toward animals, resulted in a 0.35 mmHg decrease in baseline BP (Adj r2=0.19; F(3,27)=3.34; p < 0.05).
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Oct 2021 07:02:31 PDT
       
  • Considerations for Recommending Service Dogs versus Emotional Support
           Animals for Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

    • Authors: Macy Porter et al.
      Abstract: Background: Health care providers must understand factors that may guide the decision-making process for determining whether a veteran with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is appropriate for a service dog (SD) versus an emotional support animal (ESA), and assist SD training organizations in determining trained tasks that are suitable for the veteran’s needs.Purpose: This study explored the perspectives of SD training organizations and factors for human health care providers to consider before recommending a veteran with PTSD for a SD versus an ESA. The researchers identified information that providers should give organizations to guide the SD training and placement process.Methods: A nonexperimental web-based survey research design, including closed- and open-ended questions, was used to collect data. The sample population included SD training organizations in the United States and Canada that train SDs for veterans who have PTSD.Results: Results suggest that there are skills that can be completed by both SDs and ESAs, and specific tasks that can be only completed by SDs. Health care providers must consider factors related to animal welfare, human cognitive and psychosocial functioning, symptomatology, and expectations when determining if a veteran is a good fit for a SD versus an ESA. For veterans who are appropriate for a SD, information about individual functioning and needs in the above areas can help trainers make the best decisions regarding SD dog matching and training.Conclusion: Health care providers can play an important role in determining if a veteran with PTSD may benefit from a SD versus an ESA, and help SD training organization make informed decisions regarding SD partnership and training. Health care providers must have a strong understanding of the roles and functions of SDs and ESAs, and how dog partnership may help or hinder a veteran’s pursuit of independence in daily activities at home and in the community.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Sep 2021 14:10:27 PDT
       
  • Demographic Characteristics of Individuals Who Abuse Animals: A Systematic
           Review

    • Authors: Lisa Emmett et al.
      Abstract: The purpose of the following review is to evaluate current literature on animal abuse including animal hoarding and zoophilia to identify demographic characteristics of adults who abuse animals. The review was conducted by using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) Checklist 2009 (Moher et al., 2010). As the body of this research is still limited there were no restrictions regarding the level of evidence of studies made. A total of 40 studies met the selection criteria and were included in the review. The present review’s main findings suggest that animal hoarders are mostly female and between their fifties and sixties. In contrast individuals who engage in nonsexual abuse are more likely to be male and younger (20–35 years). Several comorbid clinical symptoms could be identified in animal abusers such as depression, autism, or substance abuse. Overall, the phenomenon of animal abuse remains an underresearched area of study and studies are characterized by limited levels of evidence. The present review may contribute to a deeper understanding of animal abuse with the objective of prevention and the development of multiprofessional management strategies.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Sep 2021 08:25:32 PDT
       
  • Human- Animal Interaction to Support Well- Being at University:
           Experiences of Undergraduate Students in the UK

    • Authors: Aliya Khalid et al.
      Abstract: In the context of increasing concerns about student mental health and the therapeutic value of companion animals for mental health, there is limited understanding of the potential contribution of human- animal interaction in relation to undergraduate well- being. This study aimed to develop an in- depth understanding of the meaning and well- being roles attributed to human- animal interactions by undergraduate students in the UK. Using a qualitative research design, semistructured interviews were conducted with 60 students aged be-tween 18 to 23 years at a UK university of whom 39 implicated the role of companion animals in their well- being and were included in analysis using inductive thematic analysis. The most commonly reported form of human- animal interaction was contact with companion animals who either lived with participants, their families, or other friends and acquaintances. Actual and potential benefits of human- animal interaction for undergraduate students included helping students to manage a felt or experienced pressure to be independent, ameliorating loneliness and boredom, providing connections to support networks on and off campus, imparting emotional support during times of uncertainty and change, and directly facilitating social inter-action. Companion animals were considered an important continuation of and connection to students’ previous lives, which helped them to manage the university transition and maintain a positive sense of self. Barriers attributed to companion animal ownership included the lack of practicability of caring for a companion animal while at university because of living arrangements, financial constraints, and the time pressures associated with being an undergraduate student. As a result, participants described alternative ways in which students could interact with animals, which included regular and frequent service/therapy dog visitations, links to local animal shelters and zoos, and smaller companion animal presence in classrooms and in university halls. This study provides unique and tailored insight into the value of human- animal interactions for undergraduate students’ mental well- being and the ways in which this could be harnessed to promote well-being.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Sep 2021 08:25:22 PDT
       
  • Can the Visits of Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) Influence the Mental
           Health (Anxiety and Depression) of Male Aging Patients Institutionalized
           with Dementia in Health Care Units' A Pilot Study of Madeira Island,
           Portugal

    • Authors: S. Vasconcelos et al.
      Abstract: Despite the fact that in the last decades, several mental health studies have shown that companion animals contribute to psychological and social well- being in humans (e.g., positive impacts have been observed in the elderly medicated for chronic diseases such as anxiety, dementia, and depression), bonds between humans and other animals continue to be under-estimated. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of an animal’s visits (twice a week, N = 30) in depression and anxiety levels of an institutionalized male population diagnosed with dementia. While some of these patients are being partially medicated with antidepressants and/or anxiolytics, others are not subject to any medication (control group). The GAI and GDS measuring instruments were used and there were differences in anxiety and depression levels between the first and last dog visit, statistically significant in depression levels of nonmedicated patients. Such findings allow us to conclude that the effects of the visits of an animal near nonmedicated patients are greater than near medicated ones. The complementary role of animals in mental health institutions where patients are being treated for psychiatric disorders (in the particular case of dementia) should be considered.
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Sep 2021 08:00:25 PDT
       
  • More Than “Just” Walking: An Observational Study of
           Dog-Related Physical Activities

    • Authors: Benedikt Hielscher et al.
      Abstract: Dog ownership has been shown to correlate with physical activity (PA). However, knowledge about the intensities of dog-related PA (drPA) is still lacking. To investigate the duration and intensity of drPA in consideration of PA guidelines, an observational study of dog owners (DO) was conducted.For this purpose, DO were recruited in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan regions of Cologne, Germany. A total of 44 male and female DO (18–64 years) without cardiovascular or cardiopulmonary diseases participated in the study. Validated questionnaires were used to determine the PA profile and relationship of DO to their dog. Participants reported their drPA in an activity diary. Steps were determined by a pedometer. A heart rate (HR) monitor was used to analyze HR and percentage of maximum HR (HRmax) during all drPA. Overall, drPA makes up a large part of the duration of the overall PA recorded. HR and percentage of HRmax were significantly lower during dog walking (DW) than during other drPA. Nearly 90% of DW time was performed at light or very light intensity. No correlation between objectively measured PA and attachment to the dog was found. Two single case analyses show that other drPA reach high intensity levels and thus can be rated as moderate to vigorous intensity activities. The current investigation demonstrates that DW alone is insufficient to reach PA guidelines. Consequently, other drPA might have more beneficial effects than DW. In future investigations, the role of other types of drPA on PA levels needs to be taken into consideration to improve PA status in healthy populations.
      PubDate: Mon, 10 May 2021 09:40:23 PDT
       
  • Bearing Witness to the Beauty of Enactive Kinesthetic Empathy across
           Species in Canine-Human and Equine-Human Interactions:
           Participant-Observation Ethnographies

    • Authors: Donna A. Carlyle et al.
      Abstract: Through observations from ethnographic fieldwork the authors seek to highlight the significance of equine-human and canine-human communication to the fields of both human- animal studies and eudaimonia theories of human well-being. As we shared our insights through academic conversations about our respective research findings, we realized that both studies explore the enigmatic and significant concept of kinesthetic empathy in communication and relationship building between horses and young people and between dogs and young children. The canine-child setting (Study A) is a primary school and classroom in which the children voted to share their environment with a school dog, and the equine-adolescent setting (Study B) is an intervention program for young people experiencing social and emotional challenges because of being excluded from the mainstream education system. Observations revealed that the notion of kinesthetic empathy is apparent across species and plays a key role in the well-being of both animal and human. These observations are described and animated through rich descriptions from field notes and photographs taken from both settings. Both studies bring to light the significance of touch, movement, and attunement in human-animal communication to further add to this emerging field. Marrying these concepts together, as we have attempted here, could prove a major step forward in strengthening this field, as the need for robust methodologies is purported. This paper will be of interest to professionals across disciplines such as education, social work, health care, sociology, and human-animal studies.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Apr 2021 14:25:39 PDT
       
  • Therapy Dog Ownership as Serious Leisure for Members of a Therapy Dog
           Volunteer Group

    • Authors: Jonathan R. Hicks et al.
      Abstract: Therapy dogs are used in a variety of settings, including prisons, hospitals, and schools, for the purposes of providing emotional and psychological support to humans. They are trained to be well behaved and to be perceived as supportive of humans. This study sought to explore the benefits to the human individuals who facilitate trained therapy sessions. Specifically considered were the ways in which therapy dog ownership is a form of serious leisure and the ways in which that leisure influences owners’ day- to- day lives. Findings suggest owners of therapy dogs experience enhanced personal enrichment, relationship with dog(s), and sense of responsibility. Implications for research and practice are discussed and include health- related components.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jan 2021 06:05:45 PST
       
  • Animal-Assisted Interventions: Relationship Between Standards and
           Qualifications

    • Authors: Greta Kerulo et al.
      Abstract: Ethical practice of animal- assisted interventions (AAI) requires appropriate qualifications and experience for all parties involved. Recently introduced and updated Standards of Practice emphasize the importance of AAI- specific training and qualification for different types of AAI, which should only be delivered within the scope of one’s professional competence. The purpose of this study was (1) to explore how a self- selected group of practitioners delivering AAI describe their work in relation to recent attempts to develop a terminological consensus (IAHAIO, 2014, 2018), and (2) to describe how AAI best practice recommendations (AAII, 2018) are implemented into professional practice among these AAI professionals working with dogs. The study employed an online survey that identified the participants’ qualification level, AAI specific training background, level of AAI experience, and their compliance with recommended guidelines on the documentation and measurement of clients’ progress. Data was collected from an international sample of 239 AAI professionals. A high proportion of respondents who were practitioners in a given field reported holding the necessary basic academic qualification for delivering animal- assisted education (AAE) (82.1%) or animal- assisted therapy (AAT) (91.4%). A substantial proportion delivered specific types of AAI that were beyond their scope of professional practice. A large proportion of respondent practitioners reported that they do not document (27.5%) or measure (28.5%) their clients’ progress as recommended by the professional standards. Experience in AAI was not a significant predictor of compliance with the recommended guidelines on documentation and measurement of clients’ progress; however, professional experience was related to their AAI experience. It is suggested that limitations in the provision of AAI- specific training and awareness of recently updated best practice recommendations influence the quality of AAI across practitioners. Overcoming these issues is essential to further professionalize AAI practice and enhance the quality of intervention programs.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jan 2021 06:05:28 PST
       
  • Are Nurses Joining the Ride' Equine-Assisted Activities and Therapies
           Review

    • Authors: Khalid Bandar Almasloukh et al.
      Abstract: Background: Equine-assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) is a rapidly growing practice that is described as therapeutic and entertaining. Complementary therapies such as EAAT are gaining acceptance as the health care needs of the population are changing.Method: This systematic review draws from four databases. The final review included 52 articles.Purpose: To explain what is known about EAAT and identify literature gaps. Nursing and rural perspectives are included in the analysis and recommendations.Findings: There are more than eight types of EAAT and different organizations around the world are providing certification for EAAT. Rural communities and organizations may benefit from the availability of EAAT programs. Although hippotherapy research tends to have stronger study designs, most of the reviewed studies were descriptive, not randomized- control trials. Lack of evidence regarding the effect of EAAT prevents some health care providers from refer-ring their clients to EAAT and allows insurance companies to avoid reimbursing for this alternative therapy.Recommendations: More research is needed. Although sociologists, psychotherapists, and physiotherapists are using this complementary therapy and publishing in this field, nurses have made minimal contributions to date. As an avenue for improving health, nurses should consider conducting EAAT research.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jan 2021 06:05:18 PST
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 3.215.79.204
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-