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  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 103 journals)
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Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2548-0006
Published by DergiPark Homepage  [183 journals]
  • The Effect of Season and Feed Withdrawal Duration on Meat Quality
           Characteristics of Broiler Chicken in Commercial Slaughter Conditions

    • Authors: Bahri ÇOLAK; Bülent TEKE
      Abstract: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of season and withdrawal duration on meat quality characteristics of broiler chicken in commercial slaughter conditions. The study was carried out on Ross 308 broiler chickens reared under similar commercial conditions from two different seasons (autumn and winter) and three different withdrawal duration (8, 10 and 12 hours). A total of 180 broilers, 10 samples per transport distance were randomly selected to determine meat quality characteristics, (2 seasons × 3 withdrawal durations × 10 samples × 3 repeats). Meat colour parameters, pH4, pH24, drip loss and cooking loss were determined. In this study, pH4 value increased (p
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Description of a new species Squalius from Lake Hazar and Upper Tigris
           River drainages in Anatolia (Teleostei: Leuciscidae)

    • Authors: Davut TURAN
      Abstract: In a study of the fishes of the Lake Hazar, and Tigris, Euphrates and Kueik rivers were recorded four species of Squalius belonging to the Squalis cephalus-group were found: The western drainage of Euphrates River (Tohma Stream) population was identified as S. seyhanensis, northern drainages of Euphrates as S. semae, and the Kueik populations as S. berak. The comparison of 28 metric, 9 meristic parameters and morphological characters showed that the populations of the Lake Hazar and the upper Tigris drainages are distinct and belong to a hitherto unnamed species. We describe it here as Squalius verepi sp. n.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Seasonal Changes in Biochemical Content of Green Algae Ulva intestinalis
           Linnaeus, 1753 From Sinop Coastal Environments

    • Authors: Ali KARAÇUHA; Gökhan YILDIZ, Melek ERSOY KARAÇUHA
      Abstract: In this study, it was aimed to determine the ecological characteristics of the green algae Ulva intestinalis and the change in nutrient composition. The study material was collected seasonally from four different locations along the coast of Sinop. At the end of the analysis, statistically significant differences (P
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Container Handling Forecasting With Classical Time Series Analysis

    • Authors: Banu AKKAN; Vahit ÇALIŞIR
      Abstract: The increase in the trade volume in the global competitive environment constitutes the essential element of the economic inputs of the countries. Even though there are many ways to stand out from competitors in national or international trade; the main advantage is to discover the logistics service and the quality provided. Container transport is the most effective type of maritime transport, especially between the fast-growing and the load-carrying species in recent years. This study is intended to forecast the average amount of container handling in all ports in Turkey. The foresight of container handling volumes will ensure that the planning of container flow is carried out, helping to improve the quality of service of port businesses and helping our country gain an advantage over global competition. In this study, data on the monthly total container handling amount for the period of January 2004-December 2021 at Turkish ports were used from the relevant Ministry's website. First of all, the time series we have was examined, and time series analysis was carried out with the Seasonal Naive, Holt-Winters Additive, Holt-Winters Multiplicative, ETS and SARIMA methods in accordance with the structure of the time series. Moreover, in the analysis of this time series, the model with the best test set result was determined according to the root mean squared error and mean absolute percent error criteria. Conclusion, the most suitable method is SARIMA, among the methods tested in this study. In addition, the average container handling prediction values of all ports in Turkey for the year 2022 were determined with 95% lower and upper confidence limits.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • An Innovative Approach in The Field of Health: Nanoparticles/Nanomedicine

    • Authors: Volkan Enes ERGÜDEN; Alper ÇİFTCİ
      Abstract: Since diseases began to play a role in human history, people have sought ways to heal and prevent disease. This struggle started in hunter-gatherer communities that lived tens of thousands of years ago and has survived to the present day. Nanotechnology is one of the current stops of today's modern medicine, which includes fine techniques that people with the mission of healing diseases in ancient times cannot even imagine.In this review, nanoparticles, which is product of nanotechnology, are classified according to various methods and the methods used during their preparation are mentioned. The underlying principles of nanoparticles being used as drug delivery, imaging and vaccine adjuvants, and toxicity of nanoparticles have been investigated. Some of the nanoparticle applications that are currently used in veterinary medicine and have the potential to be applied in the future are also mentioned.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Nutritional value of fish soup from cultured rainbow trout (Oncorhyncus
           mykiss, Walbaum, 1792)

    • Authors: Bekir TUFAN; Matevz POMPE, Marjan VEBER, Drago KOCAR, Sevim KÖSE
      Abstract: This study represents new information on the nutritional value of soup prepared from cultured Rainbow trout (Oncorhyncus mykiss). The proximate contents of soup were represented by 87.56% moisture, 7.22% protein, 1.59% crude fat, 0.07% carbohydrate, 1.17% dietary fibre and 2.44% ash. The energy value was calculated as 48.0 kcal/100g. Amino acid values were in the range of 183.5-1128.5mg/100g while mineral contents were varied as 0.6µg/g-19.5mg/g. The value of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) was higher than saturated fatty acids (SFA). Total PUFA and eicosapentaenoic acid + docosahexaenoic acid (EPA+DHA) were observed as 37.2 and 7.2%, respectively. These values corresponded to the values of 673.3 and 123.2 mg/100g of the edible portion of the soup within the same respect. The results of this study demonstrated that a portion of trout soup would almost cover daily recommended n-3 PUFA intake, however, higher amounts are required for the necessary levels of EPA+DHA. The vitamin B12 content was well above the recommended levels. The values of α and β tocopherols were observed as 272.0 and 1131.0 µg/100g (wwb), respectively. This study indicates that trout soup has a good nutritional value for human consumption for a healthy diet.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Morin (2′,3,4′,5,7-Pentahydroxyflavon) Antioxidant Effect in
           Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rat Brain and Heart Tissues

    • Authors: Ahmet BEYATLİ; Emine Gülçeri GÜLEÇ PEKER, Nursel GÜL, Şule Coşkun CEVHER
      Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is agreed to be among the biggest public health burdens seen at the world. Recently, the using natural products (flavonoids specially) in diabetes treatment witnessed a growing interest due to insulin's and oral anti-diabetic medicines' unfavorable side effects. The present work is studies the beneficial effects of morin (2′,3,4′,5,7-pentahydroxyflavone) on antioxidant of tissues and lipid peroxidation status in diabetic and non-diabetic rats. Diabetes associated with elevation in reactive oxygen species and deficient in antioxidant activity, which is important aspects for pathogenesis of diabetes. The role of morin on the brain and heart antioxidant markers were estimated. The diabetic rats exhibited elevated levels of TBARS, NOx and GSH levels in brain and heart tissues when compared with healthy animals. The treatments using morin significantly stopped elevation in brain and heart TBARS and NOx levels. Oral administration of morin showed significant increase in GSH level in brain tissue. These results indicated that morin exerts antioxidative activity in diabetic rats.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Seasonal Proximate Composition, Amino Acid and Trace Metal Contents of the
           Great Mediterranean scallop (Pecten jacobaeus) Collected from the Gulf of
           Antalya

    • Authors: Erdinç VESKE; Ekrem Cem ÇANKIRILIGİL, Hijran YAVUZCAN
      Abstract: This study evaluated the seasonal nutrient content and trace element composition of the great Mediterranean scallop (Pecten jacobaeus), which is among the economic scallop species. The samples were obtained as by-catch from the trawler nets of commercial fishing boats operating in the Gulf of Antalya seasonally between 2017 and 2018. After determining the scallops' growth indices of the scallops; proximate composition, amino acid and element analyses were carried out. According to the results; condition index and gonadosomatic index were found highest in the summer, while meat yield was found highest in the autumn. The muscle tissue's crude protein and ash ratio decreased to mimimum values in summer. Crude fat was determined at the highest level in the spring and decreased after the summer when the reproduction period was over (P
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Self-Aeration Process in Mountain Stream Morphologies: Harmankaya Stream,
           Field Study

    • Authors: Serhat KÜÇÜKALİ
      Abstract: In this paper, a forested-mountain stream (Harmankaya) with a catchment area about 12 km2 located in Zonguldak (41ºN-31ºE) on the NW of Turkey has been studied associated with its plunge pools. In the stream, 22 plunge pools were detected and plunge pools drop heights had a variation of 0.7-20 m, whereas average pool depths had a range of 0.53-1.59 m. In a selected pool, the variation of dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration and temperature (Tw) through the pool depth have been investigated at different seasons. The data indicated the seasonal dependence of dissolved oxygen concentration in the plunge pool related to the water temperature. In all seasons DO levels had a downward trend from pool surface to the pool bottom. Riparian vegetation significance has been revealed in terms of regulating the temperature and dissolved oxygen levels of a pool, especially during the summer.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Antibacterial Activity and In vitro Probiotic Properties of Lactococcus
           lactis Isolated from Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)

    • Authors: Ecren UZUN YAYLACI
      Abstract: This study aimed to screen the antibacterial effect of Lactococcus lactis against selected pathogens and to characterize its probiotic properties in vitro. The whole-cell product and cell-free supernatant of L. lactis were tested and the antibacterial effect of the whole-cell compound was found to be greater than that of the cell-free supernatant. L. lactis exhibited the greatest inhibitory effect against A. veronii from which it was isolated from the same environment. L. lactis showed observable growth at 4-37 °C, 1-4% NaCl, 0.3% ox gall and pH 2-3. The cells had 89.3 % hydrophobicity. Of the 19 enzymes tested in the API-ZYM system, only 7 were evident for the strain. L. lactis was resistant to streptomycin and sulfadiazine but was susceptible to 7 other antibiotics commonly used in aquaculture. It was γ-hemolytic. The results demonstrated that L. lactis exhibited probiotic properties such as being able to survive in a wide temperature and salinity range, growing in acidic and bile salt environments, and producing enzymes that can support digestion. According to these findings, L. lactis may have the potential to be used as a probiotic supplement in aquaculture.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Ecological Carrying Capacity: Carrying Capacity Estimation for
           Kılıçkaya Dam Lake Using Phosphorus Based Loading Model

    • Authors: Ekrem BUHAN; Melek YÜZER
      Abstract: Ecological carrying capacity defines the degree of maximum utilization of the environment without damaging ecosystems. Like every economic activity, aquaculture has significant effects on aquatic ecosystems. Especially, floating net cage fish farms may cause eutrophication by releasing nutrients into the environment due to their settlement location. For this reason, the carrying capacity of the environment should be calculated before the establishment of fish farms. In this study, the carrying capacity of the Kılıçkaya Dam Lake located in the Black Sea Region of Turkey was estimated using the Dillon-Rigler phosphorus loading model. Farm and lake limnological data in calculations (average depth 16 m, surface area 64.4 km2, acceptable phosphorus load 30 mg/m3, average phosphorus concentration 24 mg/m3, FCR between 1.0-1.5-2.0) used. The model estimated the annual amount of trout that can be produced in the lake as between 1,697 tons and 25,162 tons. Considering the low depth of the lake, the eutrophic structure of the lower basin, and the global climate change, it has been concluded that an average of 2,500 tons/year trout can be produced without damaging the environment. In addition, it is suggested to calculate the ecological carrying capacity in all dam lakes of Turkey before the fish farm is established.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Unusual Winter Activity of Some Amphibian and Reptile Species Living in
           Bozcaada (Çanakkale, Turkey)

    • Authors: Ceren Nur ÖZGÜL; Didem KURTUL, Çiğdem GÜL, Murat TOSUNOĞLU
      Abstract: Amphibians and reptiles spend their winter months in the hibernation period under the ground in response to adverse weather conditions. It was established that some species of amphibians and reptiles are active before the periods when hibernation is supposed to end. One of the reasons for the occurrence of unusual winter activity in amphibian and reptile species may be that these species are very sensitive to changing temperature conditions. The effects of global warming on amphibians and reptiles are clearly visible, and some members of these groups may be active even in winter because of these effects. In this study, data on the unusual winter activity of Lissotriton schmidtleri, Mauremys rivulata, Testudo graeca, Hemidactylus turcicus, Mediodactylus kotschyi, Ophisops elegans and Ablepharus kitaibelii species living in Bozcaada, Çanakkale Province, were reported.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Contribution to the Knowledge of the Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) Fauna of
           Igdir Province the East of Turkey

    • Authors: Yeşim BULAK KORKMAZ; Saliha ÇORUH
      Abstract: The survey was conducted during the period 2013-2016. A total of eight species belonging to subfamily Campopleginae, Cryptinae, Diplazontinae, Ichneumoninae, Pimplinae and Tryphoninae have been listed. The material of the family Ichneumonidae collected from Igdır of Eastern Turkey. All of them Lysibia nana (Gravenhorst, 1829) is reported for the first time Eastern Anatolia. Besides, Diadegma elishae (Bridgman,1884), Diadegma mediterraneum (Constantineanu, 1930), Lysibia nana (Gravenhorst, 1829), Promethes sulcator (Gravenhorst, 1829), Ichneumon confusor Gravenhorst, 1820 and Tryphon (Tryphon) atriceps Stephens, 1835 are reported for the first time from Igdır. In addition, Diadegma elishae (Bridgman,1884) and Ichneumon confusor Gravenhorst, 1820 are second exact locality both Eastern Anatolia Region and Turkey. A short zoocographical characterization and associated plants data of the specimens collected are given for each species.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Studies on Environmental Awareness of Primary School Students

    • Authors: Hatice VEREP; Gülcay VURAL
      Abstract: While natural resources are decreasing over time, the consumption of natural resources that human beings need with the development of technology is increasing. The fact that this adverse situation is against the environment we live in, unfortunately, cools our hearts that there are some things we can do while tying the hands of human beings. While it is necessary to produce activities and policies for less consumption of natural resources in the process of environmental protection, there are many things that society members can do. One of them will be to send some messages to the future by increasing the environmental awareness and awareness of our children, which is the guarantee of our future. For this purpose, many researches and studies are carried out to raise awareness of environmental issues, especially among primary and secondary school students. In this study, the studies evaluating the results of the questionnaires applied on the students with the environmental awareness and awareness criteria were evaluated in order to see how successful the studies on environmental awareness, awareness or awareness of primary school students were for this purpose.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The effects of Dietary GroBiotic®-A on growth performance and survival
           rate of Penaeus semisulcatus (de Haan, 1844) juveniles

    • Authors: Metin YAZICI; Mevlüt AKTAŞ, Yavuz MAZLUM, Berna Funda ÖZBEK
      Abstract: In this study, the effects of GroBiotic®-A on growth performance, survival rate, and feed conversion ratios of green tiger shrimp were investigated. The commercial GroBiotic®-A was added to the commercial sea bass feed diet at 4 different levels (0, 0.5, 1, and 2%). Penaeus semisulcatus juvenile with an average weight of 1.65±0.08 g was stocked randomly in 0.785 m2 cylindrical tanks and grown for 45 days. The experiment consisted of four treatment groups, each with three replications. Although the survival rate and weight gain were found highest in the group with 2% GroBiotic®-A supplementation, no statistically significant difference was found (P>0.05) among the treatment groups. The feed conversion rate was best observed in the control and 2% GroBiotic®-A supplemented groups, but it was found to be statistically insignificant (P>0.05). According to the results of the current study, when the growth, survival rate and feed conversion ratios are taken into account, it is thought that adding 2% GroBiotic®-A to shrimp feeds will be beneficial.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Determination of Acute Toxicity (LC50) of Malathion in Zebra Mussel
           (Dreissena polymorpha)

    • Authors: Neşe AKÇANAL ÖDÜN; Osman SERDAR
      Abstract: In the presented study, LC50 values were determined from acute toxicity tests by exposing zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) individuals to different concentrations of pesticide containing malathion active ingredient. For this purpose, spacing and experimental design were established. All experiments ( including determination of spacing ) were carried out in 2 liter glass aquariums by placing 1 liter of water. For each concentration group, 10 zebra mussel D .polymorpha individuals were used. In order to determine the LC50 value, the viability of the organisms was observed and recorded at 24-hour periods. D. polymorpha individuals that lost their vitality were removed from the aquarium and excluded from the study. The study was carried out in 3 replications and the LC50 value of malathion active ingredient pesticide for D. polymorpha was determined as 120.11 ± 19.32 mg/l.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Management of Fishing Ports on the Financial Performance of the Türkiye
           Fishery Sector; A Case of Fishing Ports in Hatay Province

    • Authors: Özkan AKAR; Aydın DEMİRCİ, Emrah ŞİMŞEK, Yavuz MAZLUM, Sevil DEMİRCİ
      Abstract: In this study, a comparative economic analysis was made on how financial performance can be measured and analyzed in four fishing port (Çevlik, Konacık, İskenderun and Dörtyol) in Hatay, Turkey. In order to measure the financial performance, the data were obtained from the database of the Provincial Directorate of Agriculture and Forestry and the Property Directorate, through one-to-one interviews with the operators of the fishing ports in 2017. At the end of the study, it has been determined that there are differences between the legal regulations and regulations related to the practical activities of the fishing port enterprises. In these differences, it can be clearly said that the operation of the fishing ports by the fishery cooperatives in the region does not provide the expected benefit from the fishing ports. The results showed that Dörtyol fishing port was to be the best fishing port in terms of financial performance, location and diversity of boats using the port.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Determination of The Effect of Worm Fertilizer Obtained from Red
           California Worm Fed with A Mixture of Municipal Waste and Clay Soil on The
           Growth of Daphne Odora ‘Aureomarginata’

    • Authors: Turan YÜKSEK; Bahriye ÇEMBERCİ
      Abstract: : Conversion of municipal waste sludge into products with economic value by using recycling methods is extremely important for sustainable environmental management. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of vermicompost obtained from red California earthworm fed with municipal sludge and clay mixture on the growth of Daphne odora plant. In order to produce vermicompost, 2 different (wastewater sludge (100%) and wastewater sludge (50%) + clay soil (50%)) feding materials were used. The research was carried out in the plastic box with a width of 40 cm x 40 cm length x 20 cm in accordance with the randomized plot design in three repetitions. As a result of the research, the number of worms in the wastewater sludge (100%) feding material decreased during the first 5 weeks and then increased. The worm weight in the wastewater sludge decreased by 6.20% during the first 2 weeks, increased from the second week to the 6th week, and then decreased again. The number of worms in the medium consisting of a mixture of wastewater sludge (50%) + clayey soil (50%) increased in the first week, then decreased linearly. As a result of the conversion of the waste sludge into solid vermicompost by vermicomposting technique, there was an increase of 9-25% in all 11 parameters measured in the waste sludge. Among the parameters, the highest increase occurred in the amount of IC, while the lowest increase occurred in the Na value. It was determined that the difference between Ca, Zn, TOC and IC values was statistically significant. The highest growth in height, the highest number of leaves, the highest root collar diameter, the highest root length, the highest root weight, the highest leaf weight, the highest stem weight, the highest flower weight, the highest above-ground biomass ratio was obtained in plants where vermicompost obtained from wastewater sludge (%) 50) + clay soil (50 %) growing medium.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Effects of Lead on the Growth and Development of Musca domestica (Diptera:
           Muscidae)

    • Authors: Meltem KÖKDENER
      Abstract: Lead is one of the highly toxic compounds among the heavy metals and lead to serious problems on the organisms and ecosystems. The aim of present study was to investigate the lead impacts on some developmental parameters of forensically important fly, Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae). About 30 larvae of Musca domestica reared on diet that were exposed to four different concentrations of lead in present study, This experiment was carried out at the Zoology Department, University of Ondokuz Mayıs in 2020. Larvae of development rate, pupal and larval mortality, adult, and pupal weight were the recorded parameters. A one way ANOVA was used to compare life history parameters. Our results demostrated that lead decreased pupal and larval survival, and pupal, and adult weight. Larval development rate was decreased but pupal development rate was increased in Pb added diet. We concluded that life-history parameters of Musca domestica are sensitive to lead.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Cover and Contents

    • Authors: Bülent VEREP
      Abstract: Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences Cilt /Volume: 7, Sayı / Number: 3, Yıl / Year: 2022 (Anadolu Çevre ve Hayvancılık Bilimleri Dergisi) Üç ayda bir yayımlanır / Published every three monthly. E-ISSN: 2548-0006
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Length-Weight and Length-Length Relationships of the Main Commercial Fish
           Species in Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea Coast of Turkey) / 2020-2021 Fishing
           Season

    • Authors: Bahar BAYHAN; Arzu AYDIN UNCUMUSAOĞLU
      Abstract: In this study, a total of 366 samples were collected and 30 of them belonged to Sardina pilchardus, 54 of Engraulis encrasicolus, 30 of Belone svetovidovi, 18 of Caranx rhonchus, 12 of Trachurus mediterraneus, 10 of Trachurus trachurus, 21 of Mullus Barbatus, 30 of Mullus surmuletus, 30 of Boopss boops, 35 of Oblada melanura, 46 of Scomber colias, 22 of Scomber scombrus and 28 of Solea solea, were obtained by commercial fishermen in the Izmir Bay (Aegean sea coast of Turkey) during period of 2020 and 2021 fishing season. Negative allometry was determined for Caranx rhonchus, Scomber colias and Solea solea while positive allometry was present for Engraulis encrasicolus and the remaining 9 fish species have isometric growth.The results indicated further that the length-length relationships were highly correlated for all examined fish species (r²>0.900, P
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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