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  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 107 journals)
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Pet Behaviour Science
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2445-2874
Published by Universidad de C√≥rdoba Homepage  [16 journals]
  • Evaluation of the syndromic characterization and diagnostic criteria of
           the concept of anxiety in animal ethology professionals

    • Authors: Aline Morales-Estrada, Andres Ducoing-Watty, Itzcoatl Maldonado-Resendiz
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: There is a wide range of reported signs for anxious patients in veterinary medicine but specific diagnostic criteria to characterize them is lacking. The objective of this study was to determine the variability in the concepts of anxiety and the criteria used to diagnose anxiety disorders in veterinary medicine. A questionnaire was developed to obtain information through direct responses from 31 professionals in the exercise of clinical ethology with questions based on the subject of canine anxiety (definition, manifestations, and diagnosis). An analysis was performed using contingency tables. Seventy-three percent (73%, n=22) of respondents agreed on one definition. The signs most frequently considered in the diagnosis of this disorder were increased vigilance (90.3%, n=28), increased motor activity (87%, n=27), panting, and altered heart rate (bradycardia/tachycardia) (77.4%, n=24). From these results, homogeneity is observed in the concept of anxiety, but with evidence of diagnostic heterogeneity, which can be related to the wide repertoire of signs that are considered in the questionnaire and are present in dogs, as well as the lack of diagnostic criteria and/or tests that can objectively evaluate each patient in order to obtain more uniform and reliable results.
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.21071/pbs.vi12.12928
       
  • Effects of dogs’ visits to a public exhibition

    • Authors: Vanda Marnoto, Gonçalo G. Pereira, Sara Fragoso, Ana Faria, Sandra Soares, Florbela Elias, Rita Santos, Márcia Silva, Sónia Saraiva, Ana Santos, Leonor Galhardo
      Pages: 11 - 30
      Abstract: Outdoor activities with dogs are known to be physically and mentally beneficial to them and their owners, but less is known about their circulation in public spaces. This study aimed to understand the effects of dog-owner dyad’s visits to an interactive exhibition on the dogs’ behaviour and the perceptions of owners, visitors, and staff. 38 dog-owner dyads were studied in four rooms (Angry Birds, Dòing, Explora and Access) over eight periods of 90 minutes during which animals’ behaviour was sampled, and questionnaires were filled out by owners, visitors, and staff. Results showed that a very high percentage of owners and more than half of the visitors and staff acknowledged benefits for dyads, with a great majority not feeling disturbed by the presence of the dogs. Only 6% of visitors mentioned less tolerance to dogs in this space, exclusively associated with their own beliefs and apprehensions. Dogs’ behaviour was characterised by 44% of the time in managing surrounding stimuli (stress management), 28% in neutral behaviour, 27% in interactions with humans, dogs, and the environment, and merely 1% in the expression of avoid/fear specific patterns. Training promoted more displaced activities and interaction with owners in less favourable contexts for possible control, coordination, and reassurance. As expected, dogs’ behaviour varied with rooms, showing higher reactivity in the more dynamic one (Angry Birds). Calm and well-managed dogs’ behaviour is likely to have promoted the perception of non-disturbance by other people. In conclusion, well-behaved dogs may visit public spaces promoting a higher quality of dog-human interactions.  
      PubDate: 2022-04-22
      DOI: 10.21071/pbs.vi12.14035
       
  • Warm Air Leads to Hazardous Ground Temperatures When Walking Dogs in Built
           and Natural Environments

    • Authors: Paul Hudak
      Pages: 31 - 42
      Abstract: Two case studies in Texas, one in a built environment and another in a natural setting, illustrate potential ground heat hazards when walking dogs on warm days. In the first case, temperatures of four different ground surfaces—concrete, grass, chip seal, and tar—were measured along a street in a suburban neighborhood. The study involved two morning and two afternoon surveys of 30 sampling locations where all four materials were present. Air temperatures, typical of the study area in summer, ranged from 78.0 oF (25.6 oC) in the morning to 96.1 oF (35.6 oC) in the afternoon. Ground surfaces reached much higher temperatures, exceeding 150 oF (65.6 oC), in the afternoon surveys. Median temperatures were highest in tar, followed by chip seal, concrete, and grass. The second case involved shallow lake water and various types of mud, sand, cobbles, rock fragments, and grass along a nature trail. Air temperatures ranged from 74.7 oF (23.7 oC) at 8:00 a.m. to 92.5 oF (33.6 oC) at 6:00 p.m. Ground temperatures varied considerably with material and time of day, ranging from 76.4 oF (24.7 oC) at gray cobbles and beige rock at 8:00 a.m. to 125.7 oF (52.1 oC) at brown sand at 4:00 p.m. Over the day, temperatures were highest at brown sand and lowest in water and moist sand.  
      PubDate: 2022-05-07
      DOI: 10.21071/pbs.vi12.13733
       
 
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