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  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 107 journals)
Showing 1 - 22 of 22 Journals sorted by number of followers
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Animal Welfare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Society and Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Wildlife Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Learning and Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Wildfowl     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Alternatives to Laboratory Animals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acrocephalus     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Animal Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan / Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Natural History Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Animal Research International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
British Poultry Abstracts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal - Science Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Botanical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
South African Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research Journal of Parasitology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Animal Ethics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Animal Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
TRACE ∴ Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Animal Science and Products     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Threatened Taxa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Derecho Animal. Forum of Animal Law Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revue de primatologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian Journal of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Sentience : An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens     Open Access  
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Veterinary and Animal Science     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medicine     Open Access  
Human-Wildlife Interactions     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia     Open Access  
People and Animals : The International Journal of Research and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Uluslararası Tarım ve Yaban Hayatı Bilimleri Dergisi / International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Hayvansal Üretim     Open Access  
Revista de Producción Animal     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Translational Animal Science     Open Access  
Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies     Open Access  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Spei Domus     Open Access  
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Rangifer     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  

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Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0852-3681 - ISSN (Online) 2443-0765
Published by Universitas Brawijaya Homepage  [10 journals]
  • Morphometric Characteristics of Galekan Cattle Breed Base on Principle
           Component Analysis (PCA)

    • Authors: Kuswati Kuswati, Muhammad Irvan Ali, Rini Dwi Wahyuni
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: This study obtained morphometric information on Galekan cattle and compared phenotypic characteristics of Galekan cattle with local breed based on previous studies. This research was a case study with purposive sampling using the snowball sampling technique. The material used was 60 cattle of Galekan cattle which were kept in the Technical Unit (UPT) at Dongko and Panggul Sub Districts. The variables observed included qualitative characteristics and quantitative characteristics of morphometric components and body weight. T2-Hotelling test, descriptive statistics, and principal component analysis are used for quantitative data. The results showed that the qualitative characteristics of Galekan cattle were dominated by light brown body color with smear body color border, black backline, black vulva, black tail tip, face color as same as dominant body color, black muzzle, black upper and lower lips, smear white eye area, dark eye circles, black eyelashes, and black ear lines. The characteristics of the body shape of Galekan cattle have upward horns, no hump, and thin dewlap. The results of the T2-Hotelling analysis in UPT showed a significant difference (p <0.05) compared to other cattle in Dongko and Panggul Sub Districts. Principal component analysis (PCA) of Galekan cattle can be characterized by body weight, chest girth, depth chest, Ossa vertebrae lumbales, Ossa metatarsal, and Ossa vertebrae thoracicae.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.01
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The effect of Sauropus androgynus leaves extracted at different methods on
           performance and carcass quality in broiler chickens

    • Authors: Urip Santoso, Kususiyah Kususiyah, Suharyanto Suharyanto
      Pages: 13 - 21
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of Sauropus androgynus leaves extracted at different methods on performance and carcass quality in broiler chickens. One hundred and eighty broilers aged 20 days were divided into six groups as follows: Broilers were fed a diet containing 5 g commercial feed supplement /kg as the control (P0); Broilers were fed a diet containing 2.5 g commercial feed supplement /kg plus 2.5 g Sauropus androgynus leaf (SAL) extracted at a 90oC/kg (P1); Broilers were fed diet containing 5 g SAL extracted at a 5°C/kg (P2); Broilers were fed diet containing 5 g SAL extracted at a 30°C/kg (P3); Broilers were fed diet containing 5 g SAL extracted at a 60oC/kg (P4); Broilers were fed diet containing 5 g SAL extracted at a 90°C/kg (P5). Sauropus androgynus leaves extracted at different methods significantly (P<0.05) affected body weight, and cholesterol, protein, vitamin E, and β-carotene contents of meats (p<0.05), but it did not significantly affect feed intake, feed conversion ratio, carcass weight, carcass color cooking loss, meat taste and odor, and meat fat contents (P>0.05). In conclusion, supplementation of Sauropus androgynus extracted at 30oC could replace 100% commercial feed supplement. Supplementation of Sauropus androgynus leaf extracted at 60oC or 90°C reduced meat cholesterol. In addition, this extract inclusion resulted in higher meat protein content as compared with the control.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.02
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Characteristics of cured egg yolk cookies subtituted with skim milk powder
           during storage

    • Authors: Nurliyani Nurliyani, Jamhari Jamhari, Widodo Widodo, Citravia Agustin
      Pages: 22 - 34
      Abstract: Cured egg yolk cookies is one of the processed egg products containing egg yolk which has been curing with salt and sugar. The purpose of this study was to evaluation of physical, chemical, microbiological and sensory quality of cured egg yolk cookies with various levels of skim milk powder substitution during storage at room temperature. This study consisted of the treatment of cured egg yolk substitution with skim milk powder (0; 20; 40%) and storage treatment (0; 3; 6; 9 weeks). Each treatment was replicated three times. The data of cookie quality were statistically analyzed using ANOVA. The results showed that cured egg yolk cookies with various  skim milk powder substitution have similar physical and chemical characteristics, but substituted cookies had a lower fat content (p<0.05). There were no changes in the moisture content of cookies during 9 weeks of storage. Skim milk powder substitution could increase the peroxide number, but there was no change in the peroxide number during 3 to 9 weeks of storage.  The texture of cured egg yolk cookies with 40% skim milk substitution was harder (p<0.05) than the 20% skim milk substitution, whereas there was no change in the texture value of cured egg yolk cookies before and after being stored for 9 weeks. There was no significant deferences in the sensory quality of cookies between unsubstituted and 40% skim milk powder substitution. In conclusion, skim milk powder substitution did not change the physical, chemical, and sensory characteristics, but could reduce fat content, increase the peroxide number and the hardness of cookies. During 9 weeks of storage, cured egg yolk cookies are still acceptable microbiologically.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.03
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Comparative Income Combination of Farming and Cattle Bali in Palangga
           Subdistrict South Konawe Regency

    • Authors: La Ode Arsad Sani, Harapin Hafid, Laode Muh Munadi, Ahmad Doni
      Pages: 35 - 41
      Abstract: The research aims to determine the income of cattle business combined with horticultural farming and palawija in April-June 2020 in Palangga District, South Konawe Regency. The location determination method is purposive, where there are farmers with horticulture and palawija farming. Respondents in the study were 40 farmers. The data is analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively to compare cattle income, horticulture, and palawija. The results showed that the average income of livestock business amounted to Rp. 8.779.500/year and horticultural and palawija farming Rp. 18.889.950/year, Bali cattle business income combined horticultural farming of Rp. 20.931.200/year and Bali cattle business combined palawija farming of Rp. 6.738.250/year.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.04
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Histological structure of Pectoralis thoracicus, small intestine, and
           growth performance of broiler chicken after supplementation of peanut
           hulls (Arachis hypogaea L.)

    • Authors: Rana Puti Lembayu Lembayu, Alfonsus Chrystian Armandu, Hendry Trisakti Saragih
      Pages: 42 - 51
      Abstract: The main factor that must be considered in achieving the success of the broiler industry is feed. Processed peanuts from home industries produce waste material in the form of peanut hulls. This study aims to determine the effect of peanut hulls supplementation (PHS) on feed on the histological structure of the Pectoralis thoracicus (PT) muscle, small intestine, and the growth performance of broiler chickens. This study used 360 chickens then divided into 4 treatment groups with each group amounting to 90 with 3 replications. The control group (K) was given basal feed, perlakuan 1 (P1) group with PHS 0.25% /kg basal feed, group P2 with PHS 0.5%/kg basal feed, and group P3 with PHS 1%/kg basal feed. The treatment was carried out until the chicken was 18 days old. The parameters observed were chicken body weight at post-hatch age, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 days, feed conversion ratio (FCR), histological structure of pectoralis muscle, and small intestine. Data were analyzed using One-way ANOVA, significance (P≤0.05). The results showed that body weight and FCR values of groups P1, P2, P3 were significant towards the control. The results of the pectoralis muscle treatment group were increased significantly compared to the control. The morphological results of duodenum and jejunum groups P1, P2, P3 were significantly increased towards the control. The conclusions of this study indicate that PHS in feed shows improved body weight, the FCR value, muscle performance of PT, and structure of small intestine of broiler chickens with the addition of the most optimal supplement of peanut hulls, which is 0.5%/kg basal diet.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.05
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Analysis factors that affect participant interest in cattle farm business
           insurance in Indonesia

    • Authors: Ikhsan Maulidi, Juanda Kelana Putra, Werry Febrianti, Vina Apriliani
      Pages: 52 - 60
      Abstract: The Cattle Business Insurance Program is a protection cow yields program launched by the government to anticipate the risk of loss of farmer due to crop failure. The government started this program in 2015 by working together with an insurance company PT. Jasindo. This program is beneficial for farmer in Indonesia. Unfortunately, the impact of this program is still having a negligible effect on society because there is still a lack of attraction from the farmer to follow this insurance program. This research has a purpose in analyzing factors that caused the farmer’s interest, making them want to join this insurance. We use a structural equation model (SEM) of data that has been obtained to provide the method. Based on the results, we can conclude that the accuracy factor is a dominant factor that influences the farmer’s decision to join the AUTS program. This insurance has been beneficial in developing a better Cattle business insurance program in the future and motivates farmer to join this insurance. For insurance companies, this research has provided information for companies interested in opening similar and better insurance programs to increase the enthusiasm of local farmer and national cattle productions.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.06
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Carcass yield and health status of broilers fed aflatoxin B1 diets added
           with Mycosorb

    • Authors: Catootjie Lusje Nalle, Max Arthur Julian Supit, Andrijanto Hauferson Angi, Beatrix Se-na Bha, Ni Sri Yuliani
      Pages: 61 - 76
      Abstract: The intake of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) can lead to poor productivity and diseases in birds. Thus, it is important to minimize the toxic effects of AFB1. The objective of this study was to evaluate the carcass yield and haematological profile of broilers fed diets containing AFB1 added with Mycosorb. A total of 240-day old broiler chicks were randomly distributed to 24 pens (10 birds/pen). The experiment was designed using a 4 x 2 factorial arrangement with two different factors, namely aflatoxin level and Mycosorb. The treatments were control diets, control diets added with Mycosorb, diets containing 10.36 ppb AFB1, diets containing 10.36 ppb AFB1 added with Mycosorb, diets containing 26.97 ppb AFB1, diets containing 26.97 ppb AFB1 added with Mycosorb, diets containing 61.06 ppb AFB1, diets containing 61.06 ppb AFB1 added with Mycosorb. There was an interaction (p<0.05 to 0.01) between AFB1 level and Mycosorb on the white blood cells (WBC) and litter/excreta score (LES), but not (p>0.05) in tcarcass traits (CT), lymphoid organ weight (LOW), and haematological profile (HP) of broilers. Level of AFB1 did not affect (p>0.05) all CT, LOW, and HP, but it affected (p<0.001) the LES. Mycosorb did not improve (p>0.05) CT, LOW and HP of broilers.  In conclusions, 1) dietary Mycosorb in afla-treated diets improved litter quality and reduced white blood cell counts of broilers; 2) the AFB1 level up to 61.06 ppb did not impair carcass yield, lymphoid organ weights and other haematological index of broilers.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.07
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The Effects of Nitrogen sources in the concentrates on N utilization and
           production performances of dairy goats

    • Authors: A Rai Somaning Asih, I Ketut Gede Wiryawan, Bruce Young
      Pages: 77 - 86
      Abstract: Studies in young goats showed that feeding different N supplements did not significantly affect growth rate, rumen digestion, or N metabolism. It is unclear whether this finding is also applicable to lactating dairy goats. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of combinations of barley meal with soybean meal, cottonseed meal, or urea in high energy concentrate on nutrient digestion, milk-feed efficiency, milk production, and Nitrogen balance in dairy goats fed on barley hay as a basal diet. Four isoenergetic and isonitrogenous concentrate with different N sources were formulated and fed on lactating Saanen goats in a 4 x 4 Latin square design. The results showed that lactating Saanen goats producing 1.3 to 1.5 litre of milk per day and fed on a concentrate containing 1.7 % N in a high energy diet capable to sustain similar milk protein and N balance as that given concentrate with 2.2 % dietary N. Total nutrient intakes, nutrient digestion, milk-feed efficiency and milk production lactating Saanen goats was not affected by the source of dietary N. The results indicate that including urea in a supplement can maintain a similar level of milk yield, milk protein and milk efficiency in goats as can the feeding of more expensive soybean and cottonseed meals provided there is sufficient readily available dietary energy.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.08
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Nutrient, phytochemical, and digestibility evaluation of papaya leaves
           (Carica papaya L.) as an alternative feedstuff for ruminants

    • Authors: Muhamad Ichsan Haris, Hamdi Mayulu, Suyadi Suyadi
      Pages: 87 - 98
      Abstract: Ruminants have a complex digestive system so they can utilize forage nutrients to convert them into food products of high economic value (meat and milk) and papaya leaves have the potential to be an alternative source of new feedstuff.  The research was conducted at the Laboratory of Animal Feed Chemistry, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Hasanuddin University Makassar (for proximate analysis), Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta (for quantitative and qualitative analysis).  The study was used proximate analysis to determine the nutritional content of papaya leaf, in vitro analysis to measure dry matter digestibility (DMD) and organic matter digestibility (OMD), and Thin-Layer Chromatography (TLC) for quantitative and qualitative tests of alkaloid compounds.  The results showed that the DMD values of dry leaf and fresh leaf DMD were 72.74% and 78.44%, respectively. The highest score of rations DMD and OMD was R2FPL (69.98%) and R2DPL (61.92%), respectively.  A qualitative test of papaya leaf bioactive compounds using UV 254 light obtained 3 spots with a detectable Rf value of 0.72 and a quantitative test with piperine test parameters showed the results of the analysis were "not detected".  The results showed that papaya leaves were suitable as an alternative feedstuff for ruminants (cattle, buffalo, goats, and sheep).
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.09
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Comparative analysis of Hermetia illucens L. mixed chicken feed and
           commercial chicken feed to growth performance, carcass weight, and meat
           proximate content of Gallus domesticus L.

    • Authors: Muhamad Aldi Nurdiansyah, Agus Dana Permana
      Pages: 99 - 107
      Abstract: The development of the broiler farming industry to meet the needs of chicken meat in Indonesia has problems including the availability and high prices of commercial feed. This is due to the use of high-priced protein sources from a fish meal as a commercial feed composition. One option that can replace a fish meal as a composition of broiler feed is Hermetia illucens L. larvae flour. This study aims to determine the difference between H. illucens mixed chicken feed (HiMCF) and commercial chicken feed (CCF) on growth performance of Gallus domesticus L. with parameters Final Body Weight (FBW), Daily Feed Intake (DFI), Daily Weight Gain (DWG), Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR), Approximate Digestibility (AD), Efficiency of Conversion Digestibility (ECD), carcass weight with 3-joint wings, forequarter, and leg quarter, and the meat proximate content. In this study, G. domesticus were cultivated for 33 days with HiMCF and CCF treatment. The complete proximate content of feed and meat was analyzed descriptively, while growth and carcass weight were analyzed by statistical SPSS T-test (T-test, = 0.05). The feeding of HiMCF and CCF treatment on the growth of broiler chickens to DFI, DWG, FCR, AD, and ECD was the same except for FBW. While the feeding of HiMCF and CCF treatment to the carcass weight was not the same except for 3-joint wings. The feeding of HiMCF and CCF treatment gave the same proximate content of broiler chicken meat. Based on this research, the HiMCF can be an alternative feed for broiler chickens.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.10
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The Quality of Frozen Semen with Different Thawing Duration and
           Temperature on Simmental Bull

    • Authors: Dhinda Choirun Nisa, Achadiah Rachmawati, Trinil Susilawati, Aulia Puspita Anugra Yekti
      Pages: 108 - 117
      Abstract: This study aimed to determine the accuracy of various thawing duration and temperatures to the quality of Simmental bull frozen semen. The experimental design used was a randomized group design with five treatments and ten replications, then analyzed using Chi-Square to compare the expected percentage of motility is 40%, and total motile spermatozoa are 10 million/straw value of SNI. A further test is carried out with Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT) if there is a difference. The thawing treatments were 30 seconds at 37˚C water temperatures (T0) according to SNI and at 15 seconds (T1), 30 seconds (T2), 45 seconds (T3), and 60 seconds (T4) with 28˚C tap water temperatures. Variables observed involve motility, viability, abnormalities, concentration, and total motile spermatozoa. The data were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) with a significant difference in variance (P<0,05). The results showed that the different duration and temperatures of thawing influence motility (P<0,05) and the total motile spermatozoa, while the viability, abnormalities, and concentration had no influence (P>0,05). The motility and the total motile spermatozoa reach the highest results at the tap water temperatures T3 (P<0,05), while the lowest results were in T1 (P<0,05). It can be concluded that the different duration and temperatures of thawing influence motility and total motile spermatozoa. The best quality of Simmental bull frozen semen can be obtained with thawing using tap water at 28℃ temperatures for 45 seconds.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.11
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Good dairy farming practices (GDFP) implementation on smallholder dairy
           farmers in East Java, Indonesia

    • Authors: Tri Eko Susilorini, Puguh Surjowardojo, Rini Dwi Wahyuni, Suyadi Suyadi
      Pages: 118 - 129
      Abstract: GDFP is a standard guideline for producing good milk quality and efficient production system. GDFP implementation has been less attention among the dairy smallholder farmers. The smallholder farmers are classified into three categories depending on animal ownership; strata 1 (1-3 AU), strata 2 (4-6 AU), and strata 3 (>7 AU). This research determines the score of GDFP implementation on smallholder farmers in East Java. The total respondents were 56, with 325 dairy cattle. A questionnaire and field observations were used to collect data using the survey method. The farmers were interviewed using a prepared questionnaire with general information about their farms and questions about GDFP implementation. The result showed that the score of GDFP implementation in all strata of smallholder farmers in East Java Indonesia in 6 aspects as follows: animal health was  “good enough” (score  2.68-2.70), milking hygiene was “good” (score 3.19-3.42), nutrition was “good enough” (score 2.86-2.97) in strata I and III and “good” for strata II (score 3.03), animal welfare was “good enough” (2.56-2.60), the environment was "good enough" (2.34-2.50) and socio-economic management is “not good” (score GDFP = 1.60-1.92).
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Performance of Male Limousine Crossbreed Cattle by Giving RD Flour at
           Different Levels

    • Authors: Anggun Permata Sari, Tri Eko Susilorini, Mashudi Mashudi, Kuswati Kuswati
      Pages: 130 - 138
      Abstract: The study aimed to evaluate the production performance of male Limousine Crossbreed cattle with different feed levels with the addition of RD flour. It used nine male Limousine crossbreed cattle, aged <1-3 years, with an average initial weight of 335±29,09kg. The method used is an experimental method using CRD with 3x3: T0= Ad libitum corn straw + concentrate without RD powder, T1= Ad libitum corn straw + concentrate containing 7,5% RD, T2= Ad libitum corn straw + concentrate containing 15% RD flour. The variables measured included Daily gain, Average daily gain, feed conversion ratio, and Income over feed cost. Data were analyzed by ANCOVA. Cattle were fed for eight weeks from (March 26 to June 8, 2021), in the Livestock Group of Kucur Village, Dau District, Malang Regency. The result showed that using feed with the addition of RD at different levels of male Limousine crossbreed cattle had a significant effect on FCR (P>0,05) and on Daily gain, Average daily gain, and IOFC (P<0,01) had a different significant effect. This study concluded that the treatment of T1 feed (7.5% "RD" flour) showed the best results for Daily gain (70,67±5,43 kg), Average daily gain (1.26±0.09 kg), FCR (5.85±0.19),, IOFC Rp. 36586.50.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.13
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Study of Sweating Rate and Microscopic Anatomy of Some Breeds Bulls Sweat
           Glands in Different Body Parts

    • Authors: Ita Wahju Nursita, Firmansyah Trisaputra, Nur Cholis Cholis, Heni Setyo Prayogi
      Pages: 139 - 146
      Abstract: The study aimed to analyze the sweating rate and the microscopic anatomy of sweat glands of many breed bulls in different parts of the body. Ten bulls of 5 breeds (Simmental, Limousin, Crossed Ongole breed (PO), SimPO (Crossed between Simmental and PO), and LimPO (Crossed between Limousine and PO) in Authorized Slaughterhouse of Malang and Surabaya city were used during the study. Two bulls of each breed were observed for the sweating rate using a Cobalt Chloride Disk (CCD). The skin samples of four places in the legs and back of the animal were taken to be observed under a light microscope in the laboratory of Biosains of Universitas Brawijaya. The result showed that for all breeds, the sweating rates in the legs were higher (P<0.05) than in the back.  It was observed that the sweat glands of the legs had tubular, but the back part is in irregular shapes. Based on the study result it is suggested to measure the sweating rate in the back part of the animal body.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.14
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Twinning and Ovulation Rate for Sustainable Production in Cattle

    • Authors: Kamalludin Mamat Hamidi, Anjas Asmara Samsudin, Suyadi Suyadi
      Pages: 147 - 158
      Abstract: Profits is very important in most industries and determined by the cost and amount of products generated. In the livestock industries, higher number of viable animals produced will improve the economies of scale, hence, their profit. In general, twinning can be a good approach to increase reproductive capacity, and consequently the production volume. Cattle are monovular animal, typically give birth to one offspring and multiple birth is rare. Multiple gestation is mostly unfavorable in the dairy industry due to their negative impact on reproductive and production performance on cow and calf. Twinning is highly correlated to ovulation rate and various genes that are affecting hyperprolificacy in sheep have been identified. Many studies have reported quantitative trait loci (QTL) that are associated with high ovulation rate and twinning in cattle. Besides the genetic factor, twinning can also be induced via hormonal methods. Knowledge on the factors that causing hyperprolificacy can assist the breeders or farmers for their selection, based on their objectives and strategy.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.15
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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