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  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 103 journals)
Showing 1 - 22 of 22 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acrocephalus     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan / Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Alternatives to Laboratory Animals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Animal - Science Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Animal Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Animal Research International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Animal Sentience : An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Animal Welfare     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Applied Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Botanical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
British Poultry Abstracts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria     Open Access  
Derecho Animal. Forum of Animal Law Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
European Journal of Wildlife Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hayvansal Üretim     Open Access  
Human-Wildlife Interactions     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Equine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Animal Science and Products     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Animal Ethics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Learning and Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Threatened Taxa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Natural History Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nigerian Journal of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
People and Animals : The International Journal of Research and Practice     Open Access  
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Rangifer     Open Access  
Research Journal of Parasitology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Producción Animal     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de primatologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Society and Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
South African Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Spei Domus     Open Access  
TRACE ∴ Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Translational Animal Science     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access  
Uluslararası Tarım ve Yaban Hayatı Bilimleri Dergisi / International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences     Open Access  
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Veterinary and Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wildfowl     Open Access   (Followers: 12)

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Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0852-3681 - ISSN (Online) 2443-0765
Published by Universitas Brawijaya Homepage  [11 journals]
  • Reproductive Profile of Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia Illucens L.) on
           Different Rearing Substrates as Ruminant Feed

    • Authors: Aulia Puspita Anugra Yekti, Nurul Isnaini, Sri Wahjuningsih, Ardyah Ramadhina Irsanti Putri, Hanief Eko Sulistyo
      Abstract: There is lack of evidence on the black soldier fly (Hermetia Illucens L.) and its use as a biological control and waste recycle agent. Unknown information related with mating and ovipositional activities. The aim of this research is to determine the reproductive profile and its manure of the Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia Illucens L.) through different rearing substrate as ruminant feed. A total of 4 treatments and 4 replicates were used in this experiment. The treatment diet was formulated as follows: T0: dry fermented cow waste, T1: 21% of crude protein, T2: 22% of protein, T3: 23% of protein. The data was analyzed using ODA SAS on an academic general linear model (GLM). The result showed using different rearing substrates gave insignificant differences (p > 0.05) on the reproductive profile, nutritional content, and manure nutritional content. In summary, the use of different leves of protein can be used as the rearing substrate without any adverse effects.
      PubDate: 2023-08-28
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.15
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2023)
  • Morphometric Traits of Pote Goats Raised in Lowland Areas of Madura Island

    • Authors: Abdul Rohman, Tri Eko Susilorini, Kuswati Kuswati
      Abstract: This study aimed to investigated the morphometric characteristics of Pote goats, a local Indonesian goat breed found in Bangkalan Regency, East Java Province. A total of 139 respondents participated in the study, providing 622 female and male Pote goats aged over three months as research materials. This study employed a descriptive research method, including surveys and interviews, to retrieve data using purposive sampling technique. Quantitative data, such as body weight and body size, were analyzed descriptively using the average and standard deviation. Qualitative data, including body color, facial shape/profile, horns, beard, papillae, rewos fur, and udder shape, were analyzed using phenotypic frequency. The findings of this study revealed that Pote goats in Bangkalan are a small type of local Indonesian goat based on the body weight of an adult female and a large type based on shoulder height. Body weight and body size were found to increase with age. Furthermore, the dominant qualitative characteristics of Pote goats in Bangkalan include white color on the body, convex facial profile, drooping and widened ears with relatively short size, straight right and left horns, mane ruff, no papillae, and jug-shaped udder.
      PubDate: 2023-08-22
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.13
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2023)
  • Mapping the Reproductive Support Capacity of Beef Cattle as an Effort to
           Intensify Rearing in the Baluran National Park Area

    • Authors: Achadiah Rachmawati, Rositawati Indrati, Anie Eka Kusumasti, Mas Ayu Ambayoen, Siti Azizah, Leni Sri Pangesti
      Abstract: Since the 1960s, or for four generations, farmers who live close to Baluran National Park have been grazing or raising beef cattle extensively illegally. Since there is not enough forage for beef cattle, their presence in the Baluran National Park area interferes with the preservation of wildlife. This is brought on by the shortage of forage. Farmers continue to use the traditional rearing method, which was self-taught and is not supported by systematic recording. As a result, there is a high risk of inbreeding, difficult calving, and disease contracting, particularly in cases of cattle collapses and outbreaks of FMD in even hoofed animals like cows. The absence of livestock extension staff in the region contributes to farmers' lack of understanding about reproduction, particularly estrus detection and illness prevention. The Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Service, Situbondo Regency, and the Community and Livestock Research Group (CLRG) Team of the Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, have worked together to aid in the form of Indigofera sp. seeds as forage for animal feed, forage processing technology into silage, the concept of communal pens (groups) for farmers, and facilitate the formation of the Lembu Brawijaya. Direct observation of beef cattle and interviews with farmers and Baluran National Park personnel will be the research methods employed in the project. The outcomes of this study can serve as a guide for figuring out the best course of action for increasing livestock productivity and intensive rearing. It is also expected that cattle will not grazed in the Baluran National Park area and restore its function as a biosphere conservation area. Farmers can monitor their cattle better when they raise them intensively, which is supported by systematic recording and disease prevention.
      PubDate: 2023-08-22
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.14
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2023)
  • The Effect of Type of Roof on Heat Tolerance Coefficient and Milk
           Production in Friesian Holstein Crossbred Cows

    • Authors: Sucik Maylinda, F Riskila
      Abstract: The type of the roof is one of the factors affecting dairy production, especially in the tropics. Many physiological mechanisms are affected by air temperature and humidity which is affected by the type of roofs. The objectives of the research were to determine the effect of type of roofs that are asbestos-roofed and tile-roofed on Heat Tolerance Coefficient (HTC) and milk production in Holstein Friesian Crossbred (FHC) cows. The research was conducted in 18th August to 20th Septembre 2022 in the traditional farms in Pandesari village, Pujon District, Malang Regency. Material used was 25 FHC cows from 4 farmers that have tile-roofed stall and 22 cows from 4 farmers who had asbestos-roofed stall. Research method was a field study with purposive sampling. Data were analyzed using an unpaired t-test using Minitab software 17 version. Results showed that the type of roof had a significant effect (P<0.05) on body temperature and milk production of FHC cows, but had no significant effect (P>0.05) on respiratory rates and HTC of FHC cattle. The air temperature of the tile-roofed cage was 21.88 ± 3.18 oC with humidity of 84.94 ± 13.18%, while the air temperature of the asbestos-roofed cage was 22.21 ± 3.40 °C with humidity of 73.94 ± 9.46 %. The body temperature of the FHC cow in the asbestos-roofed cage was 38.62 ± 0.46 oC while in the tile-roofed cage it was 38.33 ± 0.30°C. The respiratory rates of cows in asbestos-roofed cages was 38.01 ± 5.23 times/minute while in tile-roofed cages it was 36.14 ± 6.00 times/minute. HTC of cows in the asbestos-roofed cage was 2.66 ± 0.24 while in the tile-roofed cage it was 2.57 ± 0.26. Daily milk production of FHC cows in asbestos-roofed pens was 9.06 ± 4.23 liters/day/head while in tile-roofed pens it was 12.47 ± 3.84 liters/day/head.
      PubDate: 2023-08-21
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.12
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2023)
  • Community Attitudes Towards Biosecurity in Animal Based Tourism

    • Authors: Devi Yunita Sari, Fransiskus Trisakti Haryadi, Michael Haryadi Wibowo, Siti Andarwarti, Yustina Yuni Suranindiyah
      Abstract: Biosecurity is an effort to protect livestock and reduce the risk of spreading diseases that have a negative impact on livestock. This study aims to measure the attitude of the public towards the application of biosecurity. We surveyed 100 tourists who visited Sato Loka, which is an animal-based tourist object, using a questionnaire that has been tested for validity and reliability. The data were analyzed using descriptive analysis and scoring. The results show that the travelers' attitudes for the cognitive, affective, and conative indicators were 92.9%, 92%, and 91%, respectively. These indicators are interrelated; cognitive indicators are related to knowledge, which is closely related to changes in one's attitude. The majority of tourists who visit are young tourists (17-25 years old). Young tourists have good cognitive abilities because they are able to absorb various information quickly so that it will influence their actions towards something. The study concludes that most tourists who visit Sato Loka have a very positive attitude towards the application of biosecurity, but there is still an attitude that needs to be enhanced further regarding the use of special footwear when entering the wildlife area in order to create a safe and comfortable tourist attraction, both for tourists and animal.
      PubDate: 2023-08-15
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.11
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2023)
  • Identification of the Membrane-Associated Transporter Protein (MATP) Gene
           Polymorphism as Candidate Mutation for Albinism in Japanese Quail

    • Authors: Laksita Haniifah Pratiwi, Ratih Dewanti, Muhammad Cahyadi
      Abstract: A pigmentation abnormality could be due to genetic mutation and trigger a disease related pigmentation deficiency such as albino which might be caused by mutation in membrane-associated transporter protein gene (MATP). The aim of this study was to identify polymorphism in the MATP exon 3 in Japanese quail. A total of nine Japanese quail consisting three brown plumage quail, three black plumage quail, and three albino quail were used in this study. Blood samples were used to extract the genomic Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and used to amplify exon 3 regions of the MATP by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The PCR products were then sequenced and analyzed. A total of 10 mutations were found, of which three mutations, g.4460G>A, g.4479G>A, and g.4514T>C, were within exon 3. These mutations were synonymous and non-synonymous. No specific mutation for albino was found in this study. In summary those mutations did not specifically determine albinism in Japanese quail.
      PubDate: 2023-08-08
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.09
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2023)
  • Price Behavior of Beef and Chicken Meat in Indonesia

    • Authors: Raslea Azalia, Ketut Sukiyono, Nola Windirah
      Abstract: Stabilization of food prices is still a strategic issue in Indonesia. This is because most Indonesians use their income mostly for food. Various publications reported that Indonesian food expenditure is approximately half of their income. Therefore, maintaining price stability, including beef and chicken meat price, is a significant policy to design. However, the continuous difficulty in predicting how beef and chicken meat prices behave is another reason for the importance of analyzing the price behavior of these two commodities. This research aims to respond to these problems by analyzing price fluctuations and price trends in beef and chicken meat commodities in Indonesia. The data used is monthly beef and chicken meat prices in Indonesia from January 2018 until December 2022, or 60 observations. Analysis of price fluctuations (instability) and trend analysis is applied. The results show that commodity chicken meat has a higher instability (fluctuation) than beef price. Both beef and chicken meat trend show a quadratic pattern, with an increasing trend for beef and a decreasing trend for chicken meat.
      PubDate: 2023-08-08
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.10
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2023)
  • Measurement of Efficiency Levels in Open House System Broiler Breeders in
           Malang Regency, Indonesia

    • Authors: Stepanus Pakage, Budi Hartono, Bambang Ali Nugroho, Deny Anjelus Iyai, Alnita Baaka, Agustinus Gatot Murwanto, John Arnold Palulungan, Irba Unggul Warsono, Trisiwi Wahyu Widayati, Isti Widayati, Dwi Nurhayati, Noviyanti, Rizky Arizona, Purwaningsih, Elfira Kariane Suawa, Muhammad Affan Mu’in, Mohammad Jen Wajo, Sangle Y Randa, Djonly Woran
      Abstract: Broiler farming in Malang Regency, East Java, Indonesia, has experienced rapid growth, significantly contributing to the regional economy. In this region, the open cage system is among the broiler cage systems that are commonly used. Therefore, this study aims to analyze 1) factors affecting growth, 2) factors causing technical inefficiency, and 3) technical, allocative, and economic efficiency. The results showed that factors such as day-old chicks (DOC), feed, and drugs positively affected broilers' development. However, there was a variation in the level of technical efficiency of 0.047 due to inefficient sources, which included the age of breeders, education level, work experience, number of family members, and employment status. Despite the variation in efficiency levels, the average breeder demonstrated high technical, allocative, and economic efficiency with values of 0.93, 0.99, and 0.92, respectively. This performance indicated that the average breeders had yet to reach peak efficiency but were categorized as high-efficiency. To further enhance productivity, broiler farming required additional DOC feed and adequate training for broiler breeders to maximize productivity and resource utilization. Based on these results, recommendations were made to provide loans to broiler farms with simple terms and conditions, specifically for purchasing DOC, feed, labor, medicines, and fuel.
      PubDate: 2023-08-07
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.08
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2023)
  • The Coverage Rate of Superior Native Chicken Vaccination and Factors
           Determining Farmers' Decision in the Vaccination Program

    • Authors: I gusti Ayu Putu Mahendri, Ratna Ayu Saptati
      Abstract: The Ministry of Agriculture distributed superior native chicken (KUB) through the BEKERJA program, which was followed by vaccination services as a determinant affecting chicken productivity. This study examined the coverage rate of chicken vaccination and the factors that influence farmers' decision to vaccinate their chickens during the BEKERJA program in Indramayu District, West Java Province. Primary data were collected during vaccination, and secondary data on household characteristics were obtained from the Ministry of Social Affairs. Farmers from 1,549 impoverished households who vaccinated or did not vaccinate their chickens were chosen at random in three sub-districts, and monitoring was done from March to September 2019 during the vaccination program. Descriptive analysis was used to determine farmer characteristics and chicken vaccination coverage rate, while logistic regression analysis was used to determine factors influencing farmers' decision to vaccinate their chickens. The coverage rate of chicken vaccination decreased from 88 percent in the first vaccination period to 63 percent in the sixth vaccination period. Farmers refused vaccination because of previous failures, increasing the mortality rate. Furthermore, the likelihood of implementing a chicken vaccination program was significantly higher for households with a large number of chicken populations, livestock farming experience, and larger land size. However, the number of family members had a smaller effect and respondents' age and residence status did not affect vaccination decisions. As a result, a household's understanding of the importance of vaccination, and the required condition of chickens, must be considered for an effective vaccination strategy.
      PubDate: 2023-08-04
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.01
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2023)
  • Rice Bran Quality Based on Physical Properties and Chemical Composition
           Estimation in Maros Regency, South Sulawesi

    • Authors: Muhammad Ridla, Firdayanti Firdayanti, Erica B. Laconi, Nevyani Asikin
      Abstract: Rice bran, a byproduct generated during the rice milling process, is widely utilized as a livestock feed ingredient. However, the quality of rice bran can vary across different production regions. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of rice bran in Maros District, South Sulawesi, Indonesia, based on its physical properties and predicted nutrient contents. The study employed a completely randomized design, with ten treatments (representing rice mills from Bonto Marannu, Maccini Baji, Allepolea, Majannang, Salenrang, Turikale, Allatengae, Soreang, Baju Bodoa, and Tunikamaseang) and four replications. The data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Duncan's multiple range test. The results revealed a highly significant effect (P<0.01) of the rice mill location on the physical quality and predicted nutrient contents of rice bran. The bulk density and tapped density densities varied (P<0.01) among the ten rice mills located in five sub-districts of Maros District, while the predicted crude protein and crude fiber contents also showed variation (P<0.01). The highest values were observed in the rice bran from the Allatengae mill, while the lowest values were found in the rice bran from the Allepolea mill. In this study, the quality of rice bran was categorized into grades I, II, and III according to Standard Nasional Indonesia (2013), based on its physical quality and predicted nutrient contents
      PubDate: 2023-08-04
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.02
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2023)
  • The Effects of Different Sources of Protein on the Growth Performance and
           Digestibility Protein of Local Chickens Crossbreed: A Meta-analysis

    • Authors: Alfan Kurniawan, Muhammad Halim Natsir, Suyadi, Danung Nur Adli
      Abstract: A meta-analysis was conducted to determine the effects of different sources of energy on the growth performance and digestibility protein of local chickens crossbreed. A dataset was constructed based on relevant published papers. An algorithm was constructed from 2015 to 2023, with a search in Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, and Medline using the MESH terms “chicken”, “digestibility”, “local chicken”, “performance”, and “nutrient digestibility”. After careful evaluation, the final dataset consisted of 8 in-vivo studies comprising 31 treatment units. The data analysis and coding were performed using software R version 4.2.1 “Funny-looking kid” computing with library mode (cowplot); (tidyverse); and (viridis); and (nlme). Our meta-analysis with regard to growth performance, the different sources of protein did not affect the body weight, FCR, body weight gain (BWG), final body weight (FBW), and feed intake (FI) (p > 0.05). In conclusion, the different source of protein negatively affects parameters for growth performance and nutrient digestibility in local chicken crossbreeds.
      PubDate: 2023-08-04
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.03
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2023)
  • Prevention of Protein Degradation Using Ensiling Coffee Husk

    • Authors: Suci Wulandari, Rizki Amalia Nurfitriani, Satria Budi Kusuma
      Abstract: The purpose of this research is to provide protein protective compounds during the ensiling process using local materials, namely coffee husk waste. The type of coffee used was robusta. Dry coffee husk (moisture <15%) was ground using a Wiley mill (2 mm sieve). The extraction of tannins from coffee husk waste was performed by the Soxhlation method using ethanol organic solvent (70%). The research involved four treatments and five replications, namely P0= elephant grass silage without tannins; P1= elephant grass silage with the mixture of 3g coffee husk tannins per 1kg fresh silage; P2= elephant grass silage with the mixture of 6g coffee husk tannins per 1kg fresh silage; and P3= elephant grass silage with the mixture of 9g coffee husk tannins per 1kg fresh silage. A completely randomized design (CRD) was employed. The significantly different results were then tested using Duncan's Multiple Test (DMRT). In summary, the addition of coffee husk tannins with a dose of 9g per 1kg of fresh silage presented the best quality elephant grass silage.
      PubDate: 2023-08-04
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.04
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2023)
  • Using Different-Level of Leucaena leucocephala Leaves in Concentrated
           Feeds to Increase Goat Farming Production

    • Authors: Eko Marhaeniyanto, Sri Susanti, Asmah Hidayati
      Abstract: The potential of Leucaena leucocephala leaves as a protein supplement needs to be optimized. This research aims to evaluate the use of 10 to 40% Leucaena leucocephala leaves with 15% of crude protein to increase the production of goat farming. A total of 16 male Etawa (Jamnapari) goats with an average weight of 28.20±3.79 kg. The researchers analyzed the data using the Randomized Group Design with four treatments and four groups based on the subject's body weight. Each goat obtained basal feeds ad libitum and the concentrated feeds with 15% crude protein corresponding to each treatment Leucaena leucocephala-based concentrate (named KL, consisting of KL10%, KL20%, KL30%, and KL40%), reaching 1% of Body Weight. The supplementation of Leucaena leucocephala leaves showed an insignificant response (P>0.05) over feed consumption, digestibility, and digested feed consumption yet significantly (P<0.05) affecting the increase of body weight and feed conversion. The ADG (Average Daily Gain) of all treatments are KL10% = 84.00±27.95 g/head/day; KL20% = 99.29±40.02 g/head/day; KL30% = 67.00±45.51 g/head/day; KL40% = 88.50±23.62 g/head/day. In conclusion, the supplementation of 20% Leucaena leucocephala leaves in the concentrate of 15% crude protein results in an ADG increase reaching 99.29±40.02 g/head/day.
      PubDate: 2023-08-04
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.05
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2023)
  • The Effect of Tamarind Seeds in Fermented Liquid Feed as Pig Feed on
           Nutrient and Tannin Content, Lactic Acid Bacteria Population, and Fiber

    • Authors: Redempta Wea, Andy Yumima Ninu, Maria Milka Nurak, Bernadete Barek Koten, Yustus Serani Nong Mbeong
      Abstract: Feed is the biggest cost in the pig livestock business, therefore it is necessary to do processing using fermentation technology by utilizing tamarind seeds in the liquid feed. This study aimed to determine the nutrient, tannins, and populations of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), and fiber fraction. This study was undertaken in May-July 2021. The study consisted of 4 treatments, namely; R0: Fermented liquid feed (FLF) of 0% tamarind seeds, R10: FLF of 10% tamarind seeds, R20: FLF of 20% tamarind seeds, and R30: FLF of 30% tamarind seeds. This study was conducted on the experimental design using a Completely Randomized Designed (CRD). The study variables were nutrient content, tannin, LAB population, and fiber fraction. The results were analyzed quantitatively using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and the differences between treatments were further tested by DMRT. The results showed that the percentage of using tamarind seeds in a ratio up to 30% had a very significant effect (P<0.01) on the nutrient content (dry matter, crude protein, crude fiber, nitrogen-free extract (NFE), crude fat, and ash), anti-nutrient (tannin), fiber fraction (NDF, ADF, cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin), but did not affect (P>0.05) the population of lactic acid bacteria. In conclusion, the use of tamarind seeds up to 30% in liquid feed increases nutrient content (dry matter, crude protein, crude fiber, nitrogen-free extract (NFE), and ash), anti-nutrient (tannin), and fiber fraction content (NDF, ADF, cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin), but was able to reduce the crude fat content and had no impact on the population of lactic acid bacteria.
      PubDate: 2023-08-04
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.06
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2023)
  • Influenced of the Liquid Chaya Leaves (Cnidoscolus aconitifolius)
           Supplementation on Growth Performance of the Quails

    • Authors: Raynesa Nurul Nurjanah, Widya Hermana, Yuli Retnani
      Abstract: The purposed of this study was to analysed the influenced of liquid Chaya leave (Cnidoscolus aconitifolius) to drinking water of quail starter. A total 30 Day-Old-Quail (DOQ) were used in this research. The experimental design in this study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 5 replications. The treatment consisted T0 = control; T1 = drinking water added Vita Chick; T2 = drinking water containing 2,5% chaya leaves extract; and T3 = drinking water containing 5% chaya leaves extract. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA), if there were significantly different results, Duncan's test was performed. The study showed that chaya leaves extract supplementation had no significant effect (p >0.05) for water intake, feed intake (FI), body weight (BW), feed conversion ratio (FCR) and mortality of quail starter. In summary, Chaya leaves infusion supplementation as much as 2.5% and 5% through drinking water with a frequency of twice a week has the best body weight gain and feed conversion ratio. Further research is needed regarding the effect of administering chaya leaves infusion, and the concentration of chaya leaves infusion on the laying period of quail eggs.
      PubDate: 2023-08-04
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2023.033.02.07
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 2 (2023)
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