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Journal of Threatened Taxa
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.185
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0974-7893 - ISSN (Online) 0974-7907
Published by Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Sunda Clouded Leopard Neofelis diardi (Cuvier, 1823) (Mammalia: Carnivora:
           Felidae) occupancy in Borneo: results of a pilot vehicle spotlight
           transect survey

    • Authors: Jephte Sompud, Sze Lue Kee, Kurtis Jia-Chyi Pei, Paul Liau, Collin Goh, Anthony J. Giordano
      Pages: 22559 - 22566
      Abstract: The Sunda Clouded Leopard Neofelis diardi on Borneo is threatened principally by deforestation for oil palm plantations and the indiscriminate use of illegal trapping. Sunda Clouded Leopard populations are decreasing across their range, and the species has been categorised as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. Despite the persistence of threats and numerous surveys in recent years, information on its ecology is still limited. Most studies to date have relied on the use of camera traps as their primary sampling tool, as it is challenging otherwise to gather data on Sunda Clouded Leopards. This study aimed to test the feasibility of estimating the Sunda Clouded Leopard occupancy using a different approach. We conducted vehicle spotlight transect surveys in a mixed-use forest reserve and logging concession in Sabah. We drove a cumulative total of 8,433 km of transects at night and documented the occurrence of Sunda Clouded Leopards in eight out of 31 predetermined long-distance transects, yielding a relatively low naïve occupancy rate (nO = 0.26). When accounting for imperfect detection (ρ = 0.15), null occupancy of Sunda Clouded Leopards appeared much higher (ᴪ = 0.55), though our parameter estimates lacked relative precision. Despite this, our results suggest there may be potential to further refine and adapt a basic, cost-effective monitoring approach in a local mixed-use reserve with the help of concession managers and additional improvements to study design. We caution, however, that not all study sites may be suited for this type of approach and strongly advise the development of pilot studies to evaluate their overall feasibility.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.7366.15.2.22559-22566
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • On the occurrence of Eurasian Otter Lutra lutra (Carnivora: Mustelidae) in
           Neeru stream of Chenab catchment, Jammu & Kashmir, India

    • Authors: Dinesh Singh, Anil Thakar, Neeraj Sharma
      Pages: 22567 - 22573
      Abstract: This communication reports the first photographic record of Eurasian Otter Lutra lutra in a hill stream in Jammu & Kashmir, putting an end to doubts over its presence in the upper Chenab catchment. Three individuals were photographed during a limited camera trap survey conducted in Neeru stream, a left bank tributary of river Chenab during mid-October 2020. We argue that rapid human population influx, infrastructure expansion, and pollution have altered the hydro morphology of Neeru stream, affecting the otter population. This observation calls for more intensive otter surveys in the nearby smaller basins of Neeru, Kalnai, & Sewa and other large tributaries of Chenab River, combining occupancy surveys with camera traps for improved conservation and management of the species in the region.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.8082.15.2.22567-22573
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Distribution of avifauna on twenty-one islands of the Gulf of Mannar
           Biosphere Reserve, India

    • Authors: H. Byju, N. Raveendran, S. Ravichandran
      Pages: 22574 - 22585
      Abstract: Every research endeavour must start with closing the information gap about species distribution and biodiversity systematically. Even though enough avifaunal research has been done on the Gulf of Mannar, southeastern India, there have been limited studies about the avifauna from all 21 islands except two. Increasing species occurrence data on distribution from all the islands is highlighted for the future conservation plans for this Important Bird Area. We provide an updated and detailed checklist and distribution of bird groups for all islands individually from a sampling period of 2015–2022. A total of 96 bird species belonging to 34 families from 13 orders were recorded from all the islands; of which 58 species were waterbirds and other terrestrial ones. Of the 29 shorebird species recorded, one is Endangered and seven are Near Threatened by IUCN Red List. Some of the earlier recorded species, not seen in our survey, are not annotated as no record exists for the last decade.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.8112.15.2.22574-22585
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Habitats of House Sparrow Passer domesticus (Linnaeus, 1758) in Rameswaram
           Island, Tamil Nadu, India

    • Authors: M. Pandian
      Pages: 22586 - 22596
      Abstract: This paper pertains to the nesting habitats of House Sparrow Passer domesticus with specific reference to population dynamics, nesting-related habits, nests, behaviours and other threats faced by these birds in Rameswaram Island. A total of 2,988 adult House Sparrows and 407 active nests were counted during the study. Of nests counted, 19% (n = 77) were solitary. The highest number of nests observed in a cluster was 9 (2 clusters). 60% of nests (n = 244) were found in concrete buildings, 39% (n = 159) in artificial nest-boxes, and 35% (n = 144) in cavities/crevices within buildings. House Sparrow population exhibited nesting plasticity, and 2% of nests were found constructed on vegetation. A wide variety of locally available materials, such as pieces of synthetic fishing nets, nylon ropes, and polythene papers were used for construction of nests. Sand and water bathing by birds were observed. Accidental fall of eggs and chicks, predation of nests by House Crows Corvus splendens, and unsuccessful attempts to predate adult birds by Black Kite Milvus migrans were observed, as well as opportunistic sightings of Shikra Accipiter badius.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.7879.15.2.22586-22596
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Seasonal diversity and dietary guild structure of birds in two Vindhyan
           gorge forests of Rajasthan, India

    • Authors: Ashvini Kumar Joshi
      Pages: 22597 - 22605
      Abstract: Habitat is the key factor of biodiversity conservation. In Vindhyan mountain range of India, there are many perennial and seasonal rivers which create deep gorges in their course of flow. Two Vindhyan gorges—Tahla and Chainpuriya—were studied to know their potential as bird habitat from July 2016 to June 2018 using line transect method during three season survey basis. The Tahla gorge had 74 bird species of 35 families (67 resident and 7 migratory). The Chainpuriya gorge had 60 bird species belonged to 31 families (53 resident and 7 migratory). Highest bird diversity (HT = 3.55, HCh = 3.29) and richness (dT = 9.63,dCh = 8.28) was found in summer and the least diversity (HT = 3.40, HCh = 3.19) and richness (dT = 7.95, dCh = 7.49) was found in monsoon. Birds of family Muscicapidae had highest relative diversity (T = 9.45, Ch = 13.33) in both the gorges. Insectivorous guild was most abundant followed by omnivorous, carnivorous, granivorous, frugivorous, and nectarivorous guilds. Wide range of habitats, variety of food, life resources, and undisturbed self-sustained ecosystem were important key factors for the rich diversity of birds in the gorges.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.7103.15.2.22597-22605
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Differential kleptoparasitic interactions of Himalayan Vulture Gyps
           himalayensis with conspecifics and heterospecifics during various stages
           of breeding

    • Authors: Hameem Mushtaq Wani
      Pages: 22606 - 22610
      Abstract: Reports of kleptoparasitic events involving Gyps himalayensis (Himalayan Vulture) are limited. In this article we document intraspecific and interspecific kleptoparasitic interactions at nesting sites, and analyse factors influencing this behaviour. The study was carried out at Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary of Kashmir Himalaya, at an elevation of about 2,546 m. We observed 61 instances of food theft involving conspecifics (n = 12) and heterospecifics (n = 49). The highest number of incidents were observed during the chick rearing period (n=40), followed by incubation (n = 10) and pre-laying periods (n = 5). We observed the highest number of attacks at nesting sites (n = 30) and the lowest in flight (n = 9).
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.8172.15.2.22606-22610
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Range extension of Isthmoheros tuyrensis, a threatened species of fish
           (Cichlidae) in Panama: including new ecological and morphological data

    • Authors: Arturo Dominici-Arosemena, Arturo Angulo, Haydee Osorio-Ugarte , Quiriatjaryn Ortega-Samaniego, Andres Fraiz, Arminda Guerrel, Edgar Arauz, Jennifer Montiel, Beatriz Medina, Yehudi Rodriguez-Arriati, Yessenia Gonzalez, Javier Pardo, Karly Urriola, Adrian Ramos-Merchante
      Pages: 22611 - 22622
      Abstract: There are two endemic species of Cichlidae in southern Central America, both found in the Pacific Slope of Eastern Panama (PSEP). One is Isthmoheros tuyrensis, which until now was presumed to be distributed in the Darien Province and the Bayano River basin. Information on distribution and ecology of I. tuyrensis is relatively scarce. In this investigation we report a new range extension for the species and provide additional morphological and ecological data. Fish were sampled using electrofishing and cast nets, in three river basins of the Panama District (Matasnillo, Juan Díaz, and Pacora) from August–September (rainy season) of 2020, February–March (dry season), and April (transition season) of 2021. Fish diversity, water quality, and physical parameters were gathered within the upper, middle, and lower portions of the three basins. This study focused on the localities where specimens of I. tuyrensis were found (i.e., Pacora river basin). The presence of the species in localities with significant anthropogenic threats results in a potential barrier for distribution, along with the possibility of extirpation due to heavy pollution – in particular from the rivers on the western side of Panama City. In addition, we note an increase in urban threat from the east of the city due to expanded development and agricultural activities. I. tuyrensis, the virtually unknown “Aveinte” in Spanish or the “Isthmian Hero”, is listed as Vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)’s Red List and inhabits some river basins lacking effective protection, being the only endemic fish species located in an urban basin in the Pacific of Mesoamerica. The information on distribution, morphology, and ecology provided here will contribute to a better understanding of the species’ biology and will aid the creation and implementation of management and conservation measures.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.7950.15.2.22611-22622
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Tadpole morphology of Jerdon’s Narrow-mouthed Frog Uperodon montanus
           (Jerdon, 1853) with a range and elevation extension report from Western
           Ghats, India

    • Authors: Amit Hegde, Girish Kadadevaru, K.P. Dinesh
      Pages: 22623 - 22631
      Abstract: The study discusses about the new data on larval description, morphological features, larval ecology of stage 25–40 of the Jerdon’s Narrow-mouthed Frog Uperodon montanus (Jerdon, 1853). Tadpoles were identified up to family and genus level based on the historical literature and the species level confirmation was done with molecular studies. We also present a new northern limit record of this species from the Pushpagiri hill ranges in Karnataka (12.669 N, 75.717 E) and a new highest elevation record of 1,916 m at Vaguvarai, Idukki, Kerala which are outside its currently known distribution and elevation ranges. As per the present work, the distribution range of U. montanus has extended northwards by 130 km and upwards by 216 m. Additionally, the IUCN Red List status for the species is also discussed based on the area of occupancy and extent of occurrence redone considering the new range envelope.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.8096.15.2.22623-22631
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • An annotated checklist of the economically important family of moths
           (Lepidoptera: Heterocera: Noctuidae) of the northern Western Ghats, India,
           with notes on their type species, diversity, distribution, host plants,
           and an unusual new faunistic record

    • Authors: Aparna Sureshchandra Kalawate, Prachee Surwade, S.N. Pawara
      Pages: 22632 - 22653
      Abstract: This research is based on the surveys conducted from 2015─2018 resulting in identification of 37 species of 25 genera of noctuid moths. From the surveys, three new records including one unusual species namely, Conservula indica (Moore, 1867) are reported in the present study. A total of eight species of this family are reported as endemic. Two species—C. indica and Pyrrhia umbra—are reported first time from the Western Ghats part of Maharashtra. In this communication, notes on host plant, type species, endemic species with their distribution are provided.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.7824.15.2.22632-22653
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Report of a tussock moth genus Maeoproctis (Lepidoptera: Erebidae:
           Lymantriinae: Nygmiini) from India

    • Authors: Gagan Preet Kour Bali, Amritpal Singh Kaleka
      Pages: 22654 - 22660
      Abstract: A new genus of Lymantriinae, Maeoproctis gen. nov. has been proposed with Euproctis latifascia (Walker) as its type species. The morphological descriptions and diagnosis have also been provided for the new genus. Another species subfasciata Walker has been shifted under the new genus as a new combination Maeoproctis subfasciata (Walker) comb. nov.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.8310.15.2.22654-22660
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Butterflies of Silent Valley National Park and its environs, Western Ghats
           of Kerala, India

    • Authors: Kalesh Sadasivan, P.C. Sujitha, Toms Augustine, Edayillam Kunhikrishnan, Vinayan P. Nair, M. Divin Murukesh, Baiju Kochunarayanan
      Pages: 22661 - 22676
      Abstract: The butterfly fauna of Silent Valley National Park (SVNP) and its buffer zone in Kerala is discussed. Of the 335 species listed from the Western Ghats (WG) and 326 from Kerala, 269 species were recorded from inside the boundaries of the core of SVNP, while an additional 21 species were confirmed from its buffer zone making a total of 290 species as an aggregate for SVNP and its environs. This included 19 species of Papilionidae, 26 Pieridae, 85 Nymphalidae, one Riodinidae, 82 Lycaenidae, and 77 Hesperiidae. Thirty-one species were strictly endemic to the Western Ghats and 63 species were listed in schedules of WPA 1972, and 19 species were in the IUCN Red Lists. The region harbours 89% of all butterflies of Kerala (326 species), and 87% of those seen in the Western Ghats (335 species). About 11% of butterfly fauna of SVNP is endemic to the Western Ghats. Silent Valley and adjoining regions have 86% of all IUCN Red listed species listed for Kerala and the WG. The region also holds 91% of the species listed under WPA known from Kerala and 90% of those listed from WG. Thus, SVNP and its environs are one of the richest regions with respect to butterflies.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.7974.15.2.22661-22676
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Notes on morphology and bionomics of Urolabida histrionica (Westwood)
           (Heteroptera: Urostylididae) from Assam, India

    • Authors: Sachin Ranade, Hemant V. Ghate
      Pages: 22677 - 22685
      Abstract: Illustrated redescription of a colourful bug Urolabida histrionica (Westwood 1837), along with comments on bionomics, is presented for the first time from an Indian population. The host plant for this bug was identified as Ficus hispida L. f. (Moraceae).
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.8005.15.2.22677-22685
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Andromonoecy functional through heterostyly and large carpenter bees as
           principal pollinators in Solanum carolinense L. (Solanaceae)

    • Authors: Suvarna Raju Palathoti, Jacob Solomon Raju Aluri
      Pages: 22686 - 22694
      Abstract: Solanum carolinense is a perennial shrubby weed. In this species, andromonoecy is functional through heterostyly represented by the production of long, semi-long, medium, & short-styled flower types and another flower type lacking style & stigma completely. All plants produce long-styled flowers while all individuals do not produce other flower types. The long- and semi-long-styled flowers are functionally co-sexual and produce fruit while the other flower types are functionally female-sterile and do not produce fruit. The position of style in long- and semi-long-styled flowers facilitates the act of pollination by pollinator bees. Xylocopa bees are large-bodied specialist bees which collect pollen from poricidal anthers efficiently in this plant by displaying buzzing behaviour and are treated as principal pollinators. The other bees are small-bodied and do not display buzzing behaviour to release pollen from poricidal anthers but they simply collect residual pollen available around the rim of the apical pore of the anthers, and hence they act as supplementary pollinators only. In this plant, the style length has a positive relationship with pollen deposition and a negative relationship with pollen removal in flowers visited by large carpenter bees of Xylocopa genus and hence, pollinator-specific interactions with flower morphology are important in the maintenance and perfect evolution of andromonoecy in this plant species. Florivory by Mylabris pustulata could vary with the flower production rate in S. carolinense and could favor higher floral-sex ratios biased in favour of higher proportion of female-sterile flowers.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.8287.15.2.22686-22694
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • An inventory of endemic and near endemic angiosperm flora of Biligiri
           Rangaswamy Temple Tiger Reserve, peninsular India

    • Authors: J. Jayanthi
      Pages: 22695 - 22717
      Abstract: The Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple (BRT) Tiger Reserve is a biodiverse region of peninsular India that harbors a significant number of endemic and near-endemic angiosperm species. The present documentation reveals a total of 211 endemic taxa conserved in this reserve. Analysis show that the endemic flora is dominated by Western Ghats (57%) elements, followed by Eastern and Western Ghats elements (28%), peninsular endemic elements (9%), and Indian elements (6%). The present study reports two endemic species of Western Ghats Syzygium densiflorum (Myrtaceae) and Meineckia longipes (Phyllanthaceae) as new distribution records for Karnataka state. The family Orchidaceae harbors the maximum endemic taxa. A majority of endemic taxa are confined to the evergreen forest of the reserve, hence these forests need special attention for conservation.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.8090.15.2.22695-22717
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Multidimensional time-lapse of a relict species Canarium strictum Roxb.
           from a sacred landscape in Pune District, India

    • Authors: Mukul Mahabaleshwarkar, Nivedita Ghayal, Supriya Mahabaleshwarkar, Vinaya Ghate
      Pages: 22718 - 22725
      Abstract: The traditional practice of conservation on religious basis along with commercial linkages at a local level is an interesting system from the point of view of its ecological, economical as well as institutional sustainability. Dhoop-rahat, in the Western Ghats region of Bhor Taluka in Pune District, is possibly the only sacred grove dedicated to a religiously important species Canarium strictum Roxb. Dhoop (black dammar resin) is traditionally extracted from C. strictum. The present study attempts to assess Dhoop-rahat and its surrounding historic sacred landscape with focus on the rare C. strictum individuals in the backdrop of changes in the ecological, geographical, socio-cultural, and economical dimensions associated with it, over time. Field and market surveys were conducted and RS-GIS techniques were used in the study. Community conserved Dhoop-rahat sacred grove has two individuals of C. strictum along with seven endemic and one IUCN Red Listed species. Successful regeneration of C. strictum is not observed. Once commercially harvested from this location, this species is now used only for ritualistic purposes. The two individuals of C. strictum have endured the drastic changes in the surrounding vegetation. In the business-as-usual scenario, there is a high risk of losing the last two individuals of C. strictum in the region and eventually the grove itself. Newer approaches of conservation by combining community-based traditional ecological knowledge with modern day scientific methods should be applied for protection of this sacred landscape. Long-term periodic monitoring of sacred groves and their surrounding landscape is essential for ensuring their sustainable existence.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.8271.15.2.22718-22725
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Rediscovery of Sewardiella tuberifera Kash., a long-lost monotypic endemic
           Indian liverwort

    • Authors: Sapana Pant, S.D. Tewari, Prachi Joshi, Manisha Bhandari, Richa Arya
      Pages: 22726 - 22730
      Abstract: An extremely rare, long-lost, monotypic endemic, Indian liverwort, Sewardiella tuberifera Kash. has recently been recollected after a gap of over three-and-a-half decades from an altogether new location, the Mukteshwar region (2,171 m) of Nainital district in the Kumaun Himalaya, Uttarakhand. The remarkable rediscovery of this monotypic, endemic Himalayan liverwort is a significant finding for the world’s bryological treasure. Along with other rare Himalayan monotypic endemics such as Aitchisoniella himalayensis Kash. and Stephensoniella brevipedunculata Kash., the currently located sporiferous population of Sewardiella was discovered persisting in small, dispersed, sparse patches with 5–30 individuals. The currently spotted collection site is being considered a ‘bryological hotspot’. As the area develops as a popular ecotourism destination, the original habitat of these hepatics in a lime stone-dominated, south-west facing, unstable sloppy site at Mukteshwar is under constant pressure from several developmental activities. Hence, serious conservation steps are needed to protect this hotspot supporting Himalayan bryophyte jewels. To ensure long term perpetuation and conservation of red-listed hepatic taxa, an attempt is being made to translocate part of the population to ecologically and climatically identical safer site, including a developing ‘moss garden’ at Lingadhar (Nainital).
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.7981.15.2.22726-22730
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Physcomitrium eurystomum Sendtn. (Funariaceae: Bryophyta) and
           Splachnobryum obtusum (Brid.) Müll. Hal. (Splachnobryaceae: Bryophyta),
           two rare moss species from the Western Ghats of Kerala

    • Authors: C. Nair Manju, P.M. Vineesha, B. Mufeed, K.P. Rajesh
      Pages: 22731 - 22736
      Abstract: Physcomitrium eurystomum Sendtn. is a temperate to tropical species, Red Listed in Europe, now collected on the way to Mattupetty from Munnar of Idukki district in the Western Ghats of Kerala. Splachnobryum obtusum (Brid.) Müll. Hal. was collected from the lateritic midland of Malappuram district of Kerala. Both these species are of rare occurrence and poorly known in the Western Ghats, hence described in detail with images.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.8353.15.2.22731-22736
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • First record of the Great Seahorse Hippocampus kelloggi Jordan & Snyder,
           1901 (Actinopterygii: Syngnathiformes: Syngnathidae) from the northwestern
           coast of Bay of Bengal

    • Authors: Anil Kumar Behera, Biswajit Mahari, Amrit Kumar Mishra
      Pages: 22737 - 22740
      Abstract: This study reports the first occurrence of the Great Seahorse Hippocampus kelloggi from the state of Odisha in the eastern coast (Bay of Bengal) of India. The seahorse was captured in a ring net during daily fishing activities. The sample was collected from the Ariyapalli fish landing center and identification was carried out based on the morphometric features of the specimen and the seahorse identification guide. The total length of the juvenile seahorse was 12.5 cm (with a tail length of 6.6 cm (52.8%), trunk length of 3.4 cm (27.2%) and head length of 2.5 cm (20%)). The length of the snout was 1 cm. There were 38 tail rings followed by 11 rings on the trunk of the animal. Both eye and cheek spines were present. Northward migration (~1,300 km) of this species can be a response of extensive fishing activities around the southern coast of India. This calls for increased monitoring of the coast coastal ecosystems of India on the east coast for better conservation and management of the remaining seahorse populations.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.8171.15.2.22737-22740
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Schoenoplectiella erecta (Poir.) Lye ssp. raynalii (Schuyler) Beentje
           (Cyperaceae) – a new record to India from Ossudu Bird Sanctuary,
           Villupuram District, Tamil Nadu

    • Authors: Chandrasegrane Pradeep, Paneerselvam Umamaheswari, Natesan Balachandran, Raphael Mathevet
      Pages: 22741 - 22745
      Abstract: Schoenoplectiella erecta subsp. raynalii (Cyperaceae) is recorded for the first time from India and Asia. This taxon was collected in Ossudu Bird Sanctuary, Villupuram district of Tamil Nadu, southern India. Detailed description including microscopic study of the glume and nutlets with digital images, morphological characters, habitat, and key characters between the two subspecies are provided.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.7988.15.2.22741-22745
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Status of the Sumatran Striped Rabbit Nesolagus netscheri in Isau-Isau
           Wildlife Reserve, South Sumatra Province, Indonesia

    • Authors: Arum Setiawan, Muhammad Iqbal, Octavia Susilowati, Doni Setiawan, Martialis Puspito Khristy Maharsi, Indra Yustian
      Pages: 22746 - 22748
      Abstract: The Sumatran Striped Rabbit Nesolagus netscheri is a little known rabbit that occurs only in Sumatra. Located in Bukit Barisan Mountains in South Sumatra Province, Isau-Isau Wildlife Reserve is one important habitat for N. netscheri. Eight records of N. netscheri were documented from Isau-Isau Wildlife Reserve between 1995 and 2022, three from camera traps and five from interviews with local people. Interviews with settlers suggest that this species is rarely encountered in the wild and seldom hunted.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.8113.15.2.22746-22748
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Photographic record of the butterfly ray Gymnura cf. poecilura
           (Myliobatiformes: Gymnuridae) from the Bhagirathi-Hooghly River in West
           Bengal, eastern India

    • Authors: Priyankar Chakraborty
      Pages: 22749 - 22751
      Abstract: This brief note presents the first photographic record of the butterfly ray, Gymnura cf. poecilura, from the Bhagirathi-Hooghly River in West Bengal, eastern India. The photographs were discovered during a pilot survey of riverine elasmobranchs in West Bengal. This record is an important contribution to the knowledge of elasmobranch biodiversity in Indian rivers. The author suggests that further research is needed to better understand the ecology, biology and conservation status of riverine elasmobranchs in India.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.7985.15.2.22749-22751
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • First report of the fairyfly Schizophragma mitai Triapitsyn (Hymenoptera:
           Mymaridae) from India with notes on S. indica Rehmat & Anis

    • Authors: Anandhan Rameshkumar, Nazurius Anand, Sayan Sardar, Sarfrazul Islam Kazmi
      Pages: 22752 - 22756
      Abstract: The fairyfly species Schizophragma mitai Triapitsyn is reported for the first time from the Oriental region. Since the extension of range from the Palaearctic region to the Oriental region, the species is redescribed based on the Indian material. A detailed note on S. indica Rehmat & Anis is provided with an observed variation. The illustrations and updated distribution map of both species are also included.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.8158.15.2.22752-22756
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • Occurrence of Ranunculus sceleratus L. (Ranunculaceae) from the Nilgiri
           District, Tamil Nadu, India

    • Authors: J. Shashikanth, S. Mugendhiran, Digvijay Verma
      Pages: 22757 - 22760
      Abstract: Ranunculus sceleratus L. which was earlier reported from northern India, is recorded from Tamil Nadu State for the first time. The present study documents an extended distribution record for the species, and also forms additional record to the flora of Tamil Nadu State. Detailed descriptions with photographs of the species are provided.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.8042.15.2.22757-22760
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • First report of Meliola panici on Ottochloa nodosa (Kunth) Dandy (Poaceae)

    • Authors: Gopinathan Nair Gokul, Jacob Thomas
      Pages: 22761 - 22763
      Abstract: This is the first report of biotrophic association of Black Mildew disease causing fungus on Ottochloa nodosa (Poaceae). The fungal pathogen is identified as Meliola panici. The samples of the fungus collected from southern Western Ghats of Kerala State, India is described.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.7636.15.2.22761-22763
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • New record of an usneoied lichen Usnea hirta (L.) Weber ex F.H.Wigg. from

    • Authors: K.S. Vinayaka, Archana R. Mesta, N. Rajeshwari
      Pages: 22764 - 22766
      Abstract: The present communication is reports a new record of Usnea hirta (L.) Weber ex F.H.Wigg. of family Parmeliaceae collected from the Western Ghats of Karnataka. Usnea hirta differs from already known U. ghattensis in having norstictic acid, a fatty acid murolic group and presence of isidia in thallus.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.8303.15.2.22764-22766
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
  • On the occurrence of two species of rare cyanobacterial genus Petalonema
           M.J.Berkeley ex Wolle, 1887 (Cyanophyceae: Nostocales: Scytonemataceae)
           from eastern Himalaya, India

    • Authors: Jai Prakash Keshri, Narendra Nath Koley, Jay Mal
      Pages: 22767 - 22770
      Abstract: During the systematic investigation on the cyanobacterial diversity of eastern Himalaya the authors recorded two unique species of Petalonema M.J.Berkeley ex Wolle—Petalonema alatum (Borzì ex Bornet & Flahault) Wolle and Petalonema velutinum Migula—from Alipurduar & Kalimpong. The former was recorded in calcareous situations forming thick mats while the latter was recorded in subaerophytic condition on wet rocks. The former species is first record for eastern Himalaya while the latter is a first record for India.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
      DOI: 10.11609/jott.8222.15.2.22767-22770
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2023)
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