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  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 107 journals)
Showing 1 - 22 of 22 Journals sorted by number of followers
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Animal Welfare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Society and Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Wildlife Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Learning and Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Wildfowl     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Alternatives to Laboratory Animals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acrocephalus     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Animal Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Applied Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan / Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Animal - Science Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Natural History Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Animal Research International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
British Poultry Abstracts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
South African Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research Journal of Parasitology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Botanical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Animal Ethics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
TRACE ∴ Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Animal Science and Products     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Derecho Animal. Forum of Animal Law Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Threatened Taxa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de primatologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian Journal of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Animal Sentience : An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens     Open Access  
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Veterinary and Animal Science     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medicine     Open Access  
Human-Wildlife Interactions     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia     Open Access  
People and Animals : The International Journal of Research and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Uluslararası Tarım ve Yaban Hayatı Bilimleri Dergisi / International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Hayvansal Üretim     Open Access  
Revista de Producción Animal     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Translational Animal Science     Open Access  
Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Spei Domus     Open Access  
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Rangifer     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  

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Buletin Veteriner Udayana
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2085-2495 - ISSN (Online) 2477-2712
Published by Universitas Udayana Homepage  [62 journals]
  • Cover Vol. 14 No. 4 August 2022

    • Authors: Admin Buletinvet
      PubDate: 2022-06-10
       
  • MICROBIAL CONTAMINATION STANDARD OF PEGAGAN LEAVES SAMPLE AS QUALITY
           REQUIREMENTS FOR RAW MEDICINAL PREPARATIONS

    • Authors: Luh Made Sudimartini, Genta Dhamara Adam Putranto, I Gusti Ketut Suarjana, I Made Merdana
      Pages: 319 - 326
      Abstract: Pegagan is an excellent plant used as a raw material for traditional medicine. The bioactive content in pegagan leaves plays a role in the wound healing process, able to cure complex dermatitis in dogs, proven as neuroprotective, and can reduce oxidative stress of body cells. Many efficacies make pegagan leaves have the potential to be produced into various forms of medicinal preparation. This study will calculate the number of microbes’ contamination in pegagan leaves which will be used as various drug preparations and then compare it to the General Standard Parameters for Medical Plant Extracts of the Ministry of Health of Republic Indonesia in 2000 and Regulation of the Head of BPOM RI Number 32 of 2019. The examination of microbial contamination was carried out through the Total Plate Count and Yeast Fungus Test. The research data obtained were quantitative data that were analyzed by counting the number of microbes that grow on PCA and PDA after incubation at the appropriate growth temperatures. The results of this study show that the Total Plate Count from the sample was 3250 CFU/gr and the Yeast Fungus Test was 450 CFU/gr. The number of Total Plate Count has fulfilled the requirements for the Oral Drugs (£105 colony/gr) and required for Semi Solid Drugs (£107 colony/gr). The number of Yeast Fungus Test are required for Oral Drugs (£103 colony/gr) and required for Semi Solid Drugs (£104 colony/gr).
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p01
       
  • CASE REPORT: SKIN ABLATION IN METATARSAL SINISTRA OF LOCAL DOG

    • Authors: I Gede Raka Mas Tanaya, Kadek Karang Agustina
      Pages: 327 - 332
      Abstract: In general, ablation means the loss of tissue that is characterized by the presence of wounds. Skin ablation is characterized by dislodging of the skin from the tissue which causes wide open wounds. A local dog 4 months old, 4 kg body weight and male sex were examined at the Educational Animal Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University with complaints of open wounds due to dislodged skin on the left metatarsal caused by sharp incisions with a diameter of about 3 cm. Handling the skin ablation with surgery with a skin graft technique. The wound healing of skin grafts is determined by animal care, namely by keeping the wound dressing always in dry condition, preventing animals from licking the skin of the donor, and administering anti-inflammatory syrup with amoxsan syrup for 7 days.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p02
       
  • PLATELET COUNT AND MEAN PLATELET VALUE OF RABBIT IMPLANTED BALI CATTLE
           BONE GRAFT

    • Authors: Steven Dwi Purbantoro, I Wayan Wirata, Komang Darma Yudha Putra
      Pages: 333 - 337
      Abstract: Platelets play an important role in fracture healing. However, its role is still underappreciated. Therefore, this study investigated the values of mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet count (PC) as the parameters in fracture healing. This study used 10 male local rabbits which were divided into 2 groups randomly, KI (control group) and KII (treatment group). Each femur of both groups was drilled a hole with a diameter of 5 mm, where KI without any substitutes and KII was implanted by demineralized bali cattle bone graft. Each animal was evaluated by collecting its blood from the central auricular vein into an EDTA tube at 24 hours, week 2, 4, and 6 postoperative determining the values of MPV and PC. Results show that treatment shows no differences to MPV and PC, yet time observation does. Overall, MPV and PC were increased in number during observation and are correlated positively.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p03
       
  • CASE REPORT: PYOMETRA IN LOCAL CAT

    • Authors: I Made Agus Adnyana, I Wayan Gorda, I Gusti Ngurah Sudisma
      Pages: 338 - 343
      Abstract: Pyometra is a hormonal disorder that causes infection so that pus accumulates in the uterus, abscesses are usually caused by excess hormone progesterone, where the hormone progesterone causes thickening of the uterine wall. Pyometra is commonly found in dogs or cats, but is more common in dogs. A cat is 9 months old, weighs 1.95 kg and is female. Checked at the Animal Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University with complaints, the presence of runny out of animal genitals. The results of physical examinations that appear to come out of the animal's genitals, in the form of pus and stomach, look big like pregnant women. From hematological examination showed an increase in Hemoglobin 17.9 g / dL, reference values ''8.0 - 15.0 g / dL, and Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration 41.4 g / dL reference values ''30.0 - 36.0 g / dL because animals lack oxygen so the hemoglobin level increases. Handling of Pyometra can be done by removing the uterus and ovary (ovariohysterectomy). Seven days postoperatively, the patient was declared cured and healthy again, with incisional wounds fused and no pus flowing out of the animal's genitals.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p04
       
  • REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF BALI CATTLE IN BREEDING INSTALATION BALI
           CATTLE OF SOBANGAN

    • Authors: I Gede Hendi Saputra, I Gusti Ngurah Bagus Trilaksana, I Ketut Puja
      Pages: 344 - 350
      Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate the reproductive performance of bali cattle in breeding instalation bali cattle of Sobangan, Badung, Bali. Totaling 288 heifers were use to represents the benchmark reproductive performance of bali cattle. Data collected were service per conception (S/C), gestation length, birth weight, and  postpartum estrus. The overall means for service per conception (S/C), gestation length, birth weight, and  postpartum estrus were 1,3 times;  284,63±10,73 kg; 17,89±1,04 kg; dan 101,71±32,31 days.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p05
       
  • THE CORRELATION BETWEEN LEPTIN LEVELS WHEN PARTUS AND ESTROGEN LEVELS
           ESTRUS POST-PARTUS ON BALI CATTLE

    • Authors: I Putu Suparman, I Gusti Ngurah Bagus Trilaksana, Desak Nyoman Dewi Indira Laksmi
      Pages: 351 - 355
      Abstract: Leptin is one of metabolic product that regulates hypothalamus pituitary ovaries. This study aims to determine the relationship of leptin levels during parturition with estrogen levels estrus post-partus in bali cattle. The data source of this research is bali cattle during parturition where the main blood sample is taken less than 24 hours after parturition. Continued sampling of cow's blood when showing symptoms of estrus postpartum. Determination of leptin and estrogen levels was carried out using the Direct Elisa, Double Antibody Sandwich method. Data were analyzed descriptively with the Correlation and Regression statistical tests. The results showed that the average level of leptin hormone at parturition ( ± SD) was 2.60 + 0.47 ng/ml and the average level of post-partus leptin estrus hormone ( ± SD) was 5.42 + 0.47 ng/ml. While the average levels of the hormone estrogen estrus post-partus ( ± SD) is 105.51 + 19.72 pg/ml. This shows an increase in the level of the hormone leptin from parturition to estrus post-partus which has an impact on increasing estrogen levels. By using a linear regression test it was found that leptin hormone levels had a positive effect on estrogen hormone levels. From the results of the study it can be concluded that there is a close relationship between leptin levels during parturition with estrogen levels during estrus post-partus.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p06
       
  • THE QUALITY OF FROZEN SEMEN DURING STORAGE IN THE MENGWI ARTIFICIAL
           INSEMINATION SERVICE UNIT, BADUNG REGENCY

    • Authors: Ni Komang Asni, I Wayan Bebas, I Gusti Ngurah Bagus Trilaksana
      Pages: 356 - 262
      Abstract: The success of artificial insemination in Badung Regency has not been maximized, this can be seen from the number of recurrent mating events. One important factor in the success of artificial insemination is the quality of the frozen semen used. This study aims to determine the quality of frozen semen of Bali cattle stored at different times in the storage depot of the Mengwi Artificial Insemination Service Unit (SPIB), Badung Regency. This study uses frozen bali cattle semen from the Baturiti Regional Artificial Insemination Center. The design used is a completely randomized design with four treatments, namely treatment shortly after arriving at the storage depot (P1), seven days storage time (P2), 14 days (P3) and 28 days (P4). And each treatment consisted of five replications. The observed variables are the percentage of viability, percentage of motility and percentage of intact plasma membrane. The results showed that frozen semen stored in the Mengwi SPIB storage depot was not significantly different (P'0.05) for storage times P1, P2 and P3 but significantly different for storage of 28 days (P4) (P'0.05) with a percentage the average viability of 54.06% up to 61.21%, the percentage of motility 41.39% up to 46.44% and the percentage of the integrity of plasma membrane obtained from 50.53% up to 57.14%. The results of this study can be concluded that the quality of frozen semen spermatozoa both in terms of viability, motility and integrity of plasma membrane decreased significantly on the 28th day.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p07
       
  • PRIMARY ANTIBODY TITERS AGAINST STREPTOCOCCUS SUIS IN WHITE RATS
           VACCINATED WTH DIFFERENT ADJUVANTS

    • Authors: Pipit Dwi Pramesti, I Gusti Ngurah Kade Mahardika, I Nengah Kerta Besung
      Pages: 363 - 373
      Abstract: Streptococcus suis is a gram-positive bacterium causing various diseases in pigs and a zoonosis pathogen. Therefore, an effective vaccine for S. suis is crucial to reduce the economic loss due to this pathogen. Most of the inactivated vaccines required additional substances to help increase the vaccine’s efficacy in inducing antibody titers using adjuvant.  The study aimed to know the difference of primary antibody titer of inactivated S. suis vaccine with different adjuvant addition. The adjuvant employed was water in oil (w/o) Montanide ISA 78 VG, water in oil in water (w/o/w) Montanide ISA 201 VG, and gel Montanide 01 PR. The test animals were white rats intramuscularly (IM) vaccinated under a 0.5 ml dosage. Blood sampling was conducted in week-1, -2, and -3 post-vaccination. Then, the blood serum was tested using the ELISA test. Quantitative results of ELISA were observed from the optical density (OD) value measured using the ELISA reader. The results show a significant difference in the OD value with a significance value of 0.001 (P<0.01). The best antibody response was indicated by the highest OD value. Vaccine with adjuvant w/o has the highest OD value i.e. 0,175, when compared with adjuvant gel i.e. 0,143, and adjuvant w/o/w i.e 0,103.
      PubDate: 2022-01-30
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p08
       
  • HISTOLOGICAL CHANGES OF WHITE RAT’S STOMACH THAT GIVEN YEAST

    • Authors: Widia Insani, Putu Suastika, I Ketut Budiasa, I Ketut Berata
      Pages: 374 - 381
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the histologycal changes of the stomach of white rats given tape yeast. The samples used in this study were 24 female white rats aged 4-5 months, weighing 100-200 grams which were given pelleted feed with the addition of tape yeast. The sample taken was the stomach organ in the corpus region. White rats were grouped into 4 treatments and 6 replications, namely P0: control; P1: giving tape yeast 100 mg/kgBW; P2: 200 mg/kgBW of tape yeast; P3: giving tape yeast 300 mg/kgBW. White rats were dynecropsed on day 22 in all treatment groups. The gastric organs of the corpus region were taken for preparation with Haematoxylin Eosin staining. The variables observed were hemorrhage, inflammation and necrosis. The data obtained were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric statistical test. If there is a significant difference (P<0.05), the Mann-Whitney test is followed. Based on the results of the Kruskal-Wallis statistical test in all treatment groups there was no significant difference (P>0.05) between the P0 control group and the P1, P2, and P3 treatment groups used. So, it can be concluded that the use of doses of 100 mg/kgBW, 200 mg/kgBW, 300 mg/kg BW has no significant effect on the damage to the gastric organs caused. This could be because the fermentation process of feed mixed with yeast in the stomach is not optimal.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p09
       
  • ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF N-HEXANA, ETHYL ACETAT, AND ETHANOL EXTRACTS OF
           RED BETEL LEAVES AGAINST ESCHERICHIA COLI IN VITRO

    • Authors: Teuku Armansyah, Amalia Sutriana, Muhammad Hanif
      Pages: 382 - 390
      Abstract: Red betel plant (Piper crocatum) is a plant that has benefits in the treatment of various diseases. This study aimed to determine the antibacterial activity of red betel leaf extracted using n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and 96% ethanol as solvents against the growth of Escherichia coli in vitro. In this study, 5 concentrations of red betel extract namely 0%, 10%, 20%, 40%, and 60% were used. Chloramphenicol disc was used as a positive control. Antibacterial activity was examined using Kirby-Bauer method. The data were analyzed. The results showed that no inhibition zone was formed around the discs containing n-hexane and 96% ethanol extract, while the ethyl acetate extract at concentrations of 0%, 10%, 20%, 40%, and 60% showed inhibition zone with average diameter were 0 ± 0.8, 97 ± 0.40; 11.61 ± 0.47; 13.4 ± 0.98; 17.56 ± 0.62, respectively. The ethyl acetate extract is able to inhibit the growth of E. coli while the n-hexane and 96% ethanol extracts are unable to inhibit the growth of E. coli in vitro. Further research is needed to examine the effect of red betel ethyl acetate extract against E. coli in vivo.
      PubDate: 2022-06-03
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p10
       
  • PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ACTIVE MUSCLE BALI BEEF GIVES THAT GIVEN
           ADDITIONAL FEED AND GROWTH PROMOTORS

    • Authors: Ni Wayan Suryanadi, Ida Bagus Ngurah Swacita, Ni Ketut Suwiti
      Pages: 391 - 396
      Abstract: Meat is one of the agricultural commodities needed to meet protein needs, because meat contains high quality protein and contains complete essential amino acids. To increase the amount of meat, breeders provide feed additive and growth promoters. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct research on its effect on meat quality, especially meat derived from active muscles. Experimental research was conducted using a completely randomized design factorial pattern, using 24 male Bali cows aged 18 months and divided into 4 treatments, namely G0P0 / control not injected with growth promoter and without additional feed. G0P1, growth promoter is not injected but given additional feed. G1P0 was injected with the growth promoters without additional feed and G1P1 was injected with the growth promoter and given additional feed. The study was conducted for six months, and at the end of the study, 500 grams of meat samples were taken each. Measurement of water holding capacity, pH and cooking losses were carried out following the method of Joo et al. (2013). The results showed that the provision of growth promoter and additional feed had no effect on pH and water binding capacity, but the combination of treatments reduced Bali beef cooking losses. From the provision of additional feed with growth promoters can provide quality Bali beef which can be reviewed based on the location of active muscles.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p11
       
  • CHEMICAL AND ORGANOLEPTIC QUALITY OF BALI BEEF INJECTED GROWTH PROMOTER

    • Authors: Ni Wayan Ayu Rukmini, Ida Bagus Ngurah Swacita, Ni Ketut Suwiti, I Nengah Kerta Besung
      Pages: 397 - 403
      Abstract: Research on the effect of growth promoter on the chemical and organoleptic quality of Bali beef has been carried out. This experimental study used a completely randomized design with two treatments, namely cows that were given a growth promoter and control cows (without being given a growth promoter) and two types of meat, namely sirloin and shank. The research was repeated six times. A total of 24 samples from 12 male Bali cows aged 18 months were given a growth promoter and no growth promoter. Tests were carried out on chemical quality (protein, fat, water content) and organoleptic quality (color, aroma, texture and consistency). The results showed that injection growth promoter can increase levels of fat and crude protein and reduce water content of sirloin and shank. Growth promoter injection gave better color and texture, but had no effect on the consistency and aroma of Bali beef.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p12
       
  • CASE REPORT: UNILATERAL CONJUNGTIVITIS AND WIDENING OF NIKTITAN MEMBRANE
           IN LOCAL CAT

    • Authors: Dyah Utami Dewi, I Nyoman Suartha, I Gede Soma
      Pages: 404 - 411
      Abstract: A local male cat has ± 1.5 years old with a body weight of 2.9 kg, experiencing interference with the right eye since September 2019 and has been treated. Clinical examination shows the absence of pupillary reflexes on the right eye. The examination was continued using an ophthalmoscope in which the pupil of the right eye was not visible, and a fluorescent test was also performed with the result that no ulcer was found in the cornea of ''the eye. There is a widening of the niktitan membrane in the right eye which causes the pupil to be invisible and almost covers the entire eye so that the examination is not optimal. The niktitan membrane was dilated, thought to be due to friction when the cat scratched its eye. The results of routine hematological examination showed that cats had leukocytosis and lymphocytosis. Case cats are diagnosed with conjunctivitis due to bacterial infection. Treatment given to cats diagnosed as having conjunctivitis is given therapy with Doxycycline (PO: 14.5 mg / kg BW), Dexamethasone (PO: 0.5 mg / kg BW), Oxytetracycline HCl 1% (R/ Oxytetra 1% opth ointment tube) dan Chlorampenicol (R/ Erlamycetin eye drops). After 7 (seven) days of treatment the clinical signs of the eye showed insignificant improvement in the widening of the membrane, but the inflammation of the conjunctiva had begun to improve.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p13
       
  • BLOOD UREA NITROGEN AND CREATININE LEVELS IN BROILER CHICKENS FED WITH
           ORGANIC ACIDS

    • Authors: Elfani Sarah Faradina, Iwan Harjono Utama, Tjokorda Sari Nindhia
      Pages: 412 - 418
      Abstract: Organic acids are a mix of various compounds of organic carboxylic acids and are used as an acidifier in chicken feed. Organic acids could increase the digestibility and absorption of protein in broiler chicken, because organic acids can inhibit pathogenic bacterial growth in the gastrointestinal tract. The increase of protein absorption can affect the level of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine in broiler chicken’s blood, which is considered parameters for kidney function. The objective of this study is to determine the Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels in 24 female broiler chickens in the course of 35 days of organic acids treatment. This study used an experimental method with completely randomized design (RAL) consisting of 4 treatments, the control group were only given finished feed (P0), then administered with Orgacids® as much as 0.1% (P1), 0.2% (P2), and  0.3% (P3). The results showed that the administration of organic acid had no significant effect (P>0.05) on the BUN levels in the P1, P2, and P3 groups against the P0 group. And the administration of organic acids also had no significant effect (P>0.05) on creatinine levels in the P1, P2, and P3 groups against the P0 group. It was concluded that the administration of organic acids in the feed does not affect the levels of BUN and blood creatinine in broilers significantly.
      PubDate: 2022-01-30
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p14
       
  • THE EFFECTIVENESS OF GIVING BIDARA LEAF EXTRACT AGAINST COLLAGEN DENSITY
           IN HEALING GINGIVAL INCISION WOUNDS IN WISTAR RATS

    • Authors: Made Beratha Mukti, Anak Agung Gede Jayawardhita, Anak Agung Gde Arjana
      Pages: 419 - 424
      Abstract: Bidara leaves (Ziziphus mauritiana lamk) are an alternative herbal in wound healing because they contain alkaloids, flavonoids, polyphenols, tannins, saponins and terpenoids. This study aims to determine how the effect of giving 100% bidara leaf extract on collagen density on the healing of gingival incision wounds in male wistar rats. This study used 24 male wistar rats. The sample consisted of three groups, namely the treatment group (P1), which was given 100% bidara leaf extract, the positive control group (K+) was given 10% povidone iodine, the negative control group (K-) was given 0.9% Nacl by smearing with cotton buds once a day. Mice were incised 15 mm in the gingival area to touch the alveolar bone vertically and applied with a cotton swab once a day. On the 8th day, all samples were biopsied on the gingiva of rats and made histological preparations to observe the amount of collagen density. Wound healing was observed with collagen growth. Observational data analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test showed that 100% bidara leaf extract had an effect on the healing process of the wistar rat gingival incision wound and followed by the Mann Whitney test showed that 100% bidara leaf extract was not significantly different from 10% povidone iodine but very significantly different from 0.9% NaCl solution. It can be concluded that giving 100% bidara leaf extract can accelerate the wound healing process seen from the density of collagen.
      PubDate: 2022-01-30
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p15
       
  • SEROPREVALENCE AND PROFILE ANTI-VIRUS OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE
           POST-VACCINATION ON LOCAL CHICKEN IN BOBONARO DISTRICT TIMOR-LESTE

    • Authors: Alberto Agustinho Pereira Da Costa Joao, I Nyoman Mantik Astawa, Anak Agun Ayu Mirah Adi
      Pages: 425 - 432
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to determine anti-Newcastle disease virus (NDV) antibody titres in sera samples of pre-vaccinated and post-vaccinated local chickens in the villages of Lahomean, Odomau Raifun and Ritabou, Bobonaro District Timor-Leste. Eighty sera samples of pre-vaccinated and 79 samples of post-vaccinated chickens were collected from village chicken farms bred extensively in all four villages. The sampling techniques adopted were simple random and purposive sampling methods to select subjects based on predetermined criteria. Antibody titers against NDV in serum samples were examined by using hemagglutination test (HA) and hemagglutination inhibition test (HI). The data obtained in this studi were presented descriptively. The results showed that of 80 sera samples collected from pre-vaccinated chickens, 53 (66.25%) sera samples were seronegative with the antibody titers of < 23 (21 – 23) HI units and 27 (33,75%) sera samples were seropositive with antibody titers of 24 – 210 HI units. As for 79 sera samples collected from post-vaccinated chickens, 46 (57%) samples were seronegaitive with the antibody titers of 21 – 23 HI and 33 (43%) sera samples were seropositive with antibody titer of 24 – 211 HI units. The results showed that presence of anti-NDV antibody in prevaccinated chickens was very likely due to the natural infection and vaccination increased the titers and the number of seropositive chickens.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p16
       
  • IDENTIFICATION OF CONCENTRATE QUALITY FROM LOCAL RAW MATERIALS THROUGH
           HEMATOLOGY PROFILE ON BALI CATTLE

    • Authors: I Putu Agus Kertawirawan, Ni Luh Gde Budiari, I Nyoman Adijaya, Made Rahayu Kusumadewi
      Pages: 433 - 439
      Abstract: Innovation in the use of local feed is an alternative to reducing production costs in livestock business. However, feeding at different levels will affect physiological conditions such as differences in blood counts This study was conducted to determine the quality of concentrate made from local raw materials toward rice bran through a hematological profile. The observed hematological parameters were total erythrocyte, hemoglobin level, and hematocrit value. The treatment given was P0 = group of cattles that were given green feed plus 1 kg of rice bran/cattle/day; P1 = group of cattles given forage plus 1 kg of concentrate (50% substitution of corn waste and peanut shells); P2 = group of cattles given forage plus 1 kg/cattle/day of concentrate (75% substitution of corn waste and peanut shells). This study used a randomized block design. Blood is drawn through the jugular vein using a venoject. Total erythrocytes, hemoglobin levels and hematocrit values were calculated using the routine hematology examination method with a Hematology Analyzer machine. The results showed that the provision of additional feeds in the form of bran and concentrate made from local raw materials to weaning Bali cattle had no significant effect (P>0.05) on total erythrocytes, hemoglobin levels, and hematocrit values. These results indicate that concentrate made from local raw material has the potential as an alternative feed to replace rice bran without affecting the physiological conditions of the cattle.
      PubDate: 2022-06-02
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p17
       
  • DESCRIPTION OF NATIVE CHICKEN HISTOPATHOLOGY AFTER GIVEN ASHITABA LEAF
           EXTRACT AND AVIAN INFLUENZA VACCINE

    • Authors: I Made Bayu Pandia Yudha Bauer, I Wayan Sudira, Ni Luh Eka Setiasih
      Pages: 440 - 445
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the effect of giving the herb ashitaba leaf (Angelica keiskei) which is given orally, and with varying doses on the histopological picture of the native chicken kidneys. The sample used in this study were 25 Day Old Chicken (DOC) native chickens, which were divided into 5 groups. The first treatment was (P0) without being given ashitaba leaf herbal medicine but given aquadest, group (P1) was given ashitaba leaf herbal with a concentration of 50mg / head / day, (P2) at a dose of 100mg / head / day, group (P3) with a dose of 200mg / head / day, and (P4) at a dose of 400mg / head / day. The treatment is carried out every day for 14 days from day 8 to day 21 which is given orally by mixing drinking water and ashitaba leaf herbal powder until the volume is 100 ml. On day 21, all groups of chickens were vaccinated with the Avian influenza vaccine. On the 42nd day, the experimental native chicken was dinecropsed, then the kidneys were taken to see the changes in the histopathological structure and read the preparations, for the results of the data obtained, the Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric statistical test was performed. Based on the results of the research that has been done, it can be concluded that giving the herbal ashitaba leaf with a range of doses 50mg / head / day up to a dose of 400mg / head / day for 14 days no significant effect on the histopathological picture of native chicken kidneys vaccinated with Avian influenza as seen from congestion and necrosis.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i04.p18
       
 
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