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  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 107 journals)
Showing 1 - 22 of 22 Journals sorted by number of followers
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Animal Welfare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Society and Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Wildlife Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Learning and Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Wildfowl     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Alternatives to Laboratory Animals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acrocephalus     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Animal Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Applied Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan / Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Animal - Science Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Natural History Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Animal Research International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
British Poultry Abstracts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
South African Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research Journal of Parasitology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Botanical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Animal Ethics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
TRACE ∴ Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Animal Science and Products     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Derecho Animal. Forum of Animal Law Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Threatened Taxa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de primatologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian Journal of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Animal Sentience : An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens     Open Access  
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Veterinary and Animal Science     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medicine     Open Access  
Human-Wildlife Interactions     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia     Open Access  
People and Animals : The International Journal of Research and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Uluslararası Tarım ve Yaban Hayatı Bilimleri Dergisi / International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Hayvansal Üretim     Open Access  
Revista de Producción Animal     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Translational Animal Science     Open Access  
Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Spei Domus     Open Access  
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Rangifer     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  

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Buletin Veteriner Udayana
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2085-2495 - ISSN (Online) 2477-2712
Published by Universitas Udayana Homepage  [62 journals]
  • Cover Vol. 14 No. 5 October 2022

    • Authors: Admin Buletinvet
      PubDate: 2022-08-06
       
  • TOTAL PLATE COUNT OF BACTERIA AND pH IN MALE BALI CATTLE RUMEN FLUID
           SLAUGHTERED AT PESANGGARAN ABBATOIR

    • Authors: Ni Putu Nicky Mirahsanti, I Gusti Ketut Suarjana, I Nengah Kerta Besung
      Pages: 446 - 451
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was determined pH and the total plate count (TPC) of bacteria in the rumen of bali cattle. The research material is rumen fluid of male’s bali cattle as many as 17 samples. This research is observational analytic Cross Sectional approach with observations on TPC of bacteria and pH in the rumen. The data obtained are then presented descriptively. Then, the difference in the amount of TPC at a certain pH was analyzed by Independent Sample T- test. The results showed that the rumen pH range of bali cattle was 6.8 to 7 with the average was 6,4 ± 0,1 and the range of TPC numbers was 32 x 103 to 171 x 103 CFU /ml with the average was 74 x 103 ± 47 x 103 CFU/ml. There is no significant difference between the TPC at pH 6.8 and the TPC at pH 7.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p01
       
  • SEROPREVALENCE OF AVIAN INFLUENZA VIRUS H5N1 IN MUSCOVY DUCKS IN PT.
           EPIKUR FARM-TABANAN, BALI

    • Authors: Melkias Oagay Melkias Oagay, I Nyoman Suartha, I Gusti Ngurah Kade Mahardika
      Pages: 452 - 457
      Abstract: Seroepideminological study of avian influenza virus of H5N1 (AIV-H5N1) in a muscovy duck flock has never been resported. This study was conducted to know the seroprevalence of AIV-H5N1 in a muscovy duck flock in PT EPIKUR Tabanan. Fourty-eght muscovy duck sera were colelcted, in which 23 were under 3 months old and 25 were more than one year old. Antibody to AIV-H5N1 was detected using haemaglutination inhibition (HI) test in deluted and undeluted sera. The delution was made by adding 4 time volume of PBS to 1 time volume of sera. The result shows that the seroprevalence  of AIV-H5N1 in murcovy duck at PT. EPIKUR was 0% in young as well as old ducks.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p02
       
  • NUMBER OF KHAMIR IN BALI CATTLE RUMEN VIEWED FROM pH AND BODY WEIGHT

    • Authors: Ike Siwi Widyaningtyas, I Nengah Kerta Besung, I Gusti Ketut Suarjana
      Pages: 458 - 462
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the amount of yeast, rumen pH, and body weight of bali cattle. 17 samples were taken from the rumen fluid of bali cattle. This study was an analytic observational study with a cross sectional approach with observations on the number of yeast on rumen pH and body weight of bali cattle. The data obtained are then presented descriptively followed by regression correlation analysis. The results showed the average number of yeast in the rumen of bali cattle 21x103 ± 6.9x103 cells/ml, the average pH of rumen fluid of bali cattle 6.9 ± 0.07, and the average body weight of bali cattle 251 ± 47.8 kg. There is a significant difference between the number of yeast with the pH and body weight of bali cattle.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p03
       
  • TOTAL BACTERIA AND COLIFORM WASTEWATER OF TRADITIONAL CHICKEN
           SLAUGHTERHOUSE AFTER MORINGA SEED POWDER TREATMENT

    • Authors: I Made Merdana, I Ketut Suada, I Made Robi, I Dewa Made Nurja Sadhi
      Pages: 463 - 469
      Abstract: The waste produced by the traditional chicken slaughterhouse industry consists of two types, namely solid, and liquid waste. The main solid waste consists of feathers, feces and discarded body tissue. The Liquid waste consists of washing water from chicken carcasses mixed with blood, traces of fat, and organic materials. Waste that is directly discharged into waterways without treatment has the potential to contain pathogenic microorganisms. Moringa seeds as natural coagulants contain active compounds amnosyloxy benzyl isothiocynate, tannin polyphenols, and cationic polyelectrolyte proteins. The active ingredient has antiseptic, antibacterial, and coagulation-flocculation activities. This study aims to determine the effect of Moringa seed powder concentration and sedimentation time on total bacteria and Coliforms in traditional chicken slaughterhouse wastewater. Bacterial isolation for the calculation of total bacteria using the pour plate method on the nutrient agar culture, and the total Coliform by the spread plate method on the eosin methylene blue agar culture. The results showed that the coagulation flocculation of Moringa seed powder had a significant effect (P<0.05) on the decrease in total log bacteria and Coliform wastewater of traditional chicken slaughterhouses. It can be concluded that the coagulation-flocculation of Moringa seed powder can decrease the total bacterial and Coliform with the best results at a concentration of 150 mg / L and 60 minutes deposition time.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p04
       
  • EFFECTIVENESS OF ALBENDAZOLE AGAINST NEMATODES IN BALI CATTLE OF SUKA
           DHARMA FARMER’S GROUP AT BATURITI, TABANAN

    • Authors: Raisis Farah Dzakiyyah Al-Aliyya, Ida Ayu Pasti Apsari, Gusti Ayu Yuniati Kencana
      Pages: 470 - 478
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the effectiveness of albendazole against nematodes in bali cattle of farmer group Suka Dharma in Baturiti, Tabanan. Samples consists of 16 bali cattles which were divided into two groups, namely the control group that was not given albendazole therapy and the treatment group which was given albendazole at a dosage of 7,5 mg/kg of cattle’s weight orally. Faeces sampling was carried out on days 0, 7, 14, 21, and 28 post albendazole treatment. Samples were examined using the Wisconsin floating method to provide number of nematode eggs per gram faeces. Faecal Egg Counts Reduction was calculated to evaluate albendazole efficacy. The data obtained were further analyzed by Wilcoxon statistical tests. FECR values indicate that nematode worm eggs in bali cattle from the treatment group decreased by 91.55% on the 28th day post albendazole administration. Analysis by Wilcoxon test showed significant differences (P<0.05) between the number of nematode worm eggs in bali cattle before albendazole treatment and post albendazole treatment. It can be concluded that albendazole is effective against nematode worm infection in bali cattle of the Farmers' Group Suka Dharma, Baturiti, Tabanan.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p05
       
  • THE TIME OF APPERANCE OF POSTPARTUM ESTRUS VARIOUS PARITIES IN BALI CATTLE

    • Authors: Muhammad Ihwanul Muslimin, Desak Nyoman Dewi Indira Laksmi, I Gusti Ngurah Bagus Trilaksana
      Pages: 479 - 483
      Abstract: Parity is a period in the process of animal recycling with an indication of the number of partis of livestock. This research discusses to study the time of postpartum esterus in Balinese cattle with various parities. This research was an observational analytic study with a cross-sectional study design. The analysis used in this research is descriptive analysis. Samples used in this study were 21 cows with various parity added 7 cows with 1 calf, 7 cow with 2 calves and 7 cows with more than 2 calf. The results showed that cows with various parities increased the post parturition estrus delay due to the difficulty in obtaining feed. From these results it can be concluded that there are differences in post partus estrus in various parity I, II and III due to lack of optimal management in maintenance, especially in terms of feed. It should be noted again in the management of maintenance, especially feed to optimize the reproductive function of the animal.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p06
       
  • HISTOPATHOLOGICAL CHANGES SPLEEN IN KAMPUNG CHICKEN GIVEN HERBAL MEDICINE
           OF ASHITABA AND AVIAN INFLUENZA VACCINE

    • Authors: Velia Chyntia Victoria, I Wayan Sudira, Ida Bagus Oka Winaya
      Pages: 484 - 490
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the effect of giving ashitaba leaf herbal medicine as seen from the histopathological picture of native chicken spleen vaccinated against avian influenza disease vaccine. This research uses a complete random design. The treatment consisted of five treatment groups namely without ashitaba (control), with an ashitaba dose of 50; 100; 200, and 400 mg / head were dissolved with water until the volume is 100 ml and given treatment for 14 days. On the 21st day, all groups of native chickens were vaccinated against the avian influenza vaccine. On the 42nd day, native chickens were euthanasia by cervical dislocation, then the spleen was taken to see changes in the histopathological structure. Then it continued with Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) staining and was tested under a microscope at 400x magnification. Variables that are seen from the proliferation of lymphoid follicles on white pulp by using a scaling scale for histopathological changes. The research data were analyzed by analysis non parametric Kruskal-Wallis. The results showed that there was a significant change in spleen histopathology between treatment P0 (control) and treatment given the herbal ashitaba leaf. Giving the herbal ashitaba leaf at a dose of 400 mg/head/day improves the body defense system of native chickens vaccinated with avian influenza.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p07
       
  • RESISTANCE OF GOAT MEAT STORED ON ROOM TEMPERATURE

    • Authors: Vinensia Ghona Gani, Ida Bagus Ngurah Swacita, Kadek Karang Agustina
      Pages: 491 - 501
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the resistance of goat meat stored at room temperature. This study used a completely randomized design with 3 times of observation time, namely at the 8th, 16th and 24th hours in which 5 samples were examined for each observation. Testing of goat meat samples begins with subjective and objective physical tests, then the Eber test, then carried out a H2S test. The results showed that the five samples were not significantly different (P>0.05) with respect to consistency, texture, and significantly (P<0.05) in the color, smell, pH value, water content and water binding capacity, Eber test, and H2S test. At 16 and 24 hours, the color of the goats changes to brownish red, has a foul odor, the content becomes soft, the texture of the five meats has become coarse, a decrease in pH value, decreased water content and increased water binding capacity. In the Eber test, there was steam on the tube wall and for the H2S test, brown spots were seen on the tissue paper where this process of decay had occurred. From this research it can be concluded that, goat meat stored at room temperature decomposes at 16 hours. It is recommended that put the goat meat at room temperature, preferably no more than 16 hours and to maintain its quality, goat meat can be stored at cold temperatures.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p08
       
  • CASE STUDY: PARAPHIMOSIS IN A CASTRATED MIX DOG

    • Authors: Anak Agung Wisnu Kusuma Putra, Stefanus Andre Gunawan, I Gusti Agung Gde Putra Pemayun
      Pages: 502 - 510
      Abstract: This purpose of this article is to determine the successful treatment of paraphimosis case in a dog. Handling of paraphimosis in this case is using the surgical method by making an incision in the ventral prepuce and repositioning the penis into the prepuce cavity. The case dog is a male kintamani mix dog castrated age of 14 years old with a body weight of 15,3 kg with the colour black. The dog penis was reported not being able to retract back to its normal state for 2 days and the dog have no appetite with no sign of urination and defecation. Physical examination shown the dog have no appetite with no sign of urination and defecation, the dog was seen having dysfunction of the hind legs when walking since childhood according to the owrner. By anamnesis and physical examination the dog was diagnosed with paraphimosis. Post operation treatmen given to the dog were Cephalosporin antibiotics, namely cefotaxime (dosage 20mg/kg body weight, IV, q12h) for 3 days and cefixime (dosage 10mg/kg body weight, PO, q12h) continuing from day 4 to day 6, anti-inflammatory dexamethasone (dosage 0,01 mg/kg body weight, IM, q24h) for 5 days post operation. 7 days post operation result were the dog recovered with no problems.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p09
       
  • RESPONSE OF ANALGESIA, SEDATION, AND RELAXATION OF KETAMINE AND PROPOFOL
           ANESTHESIA WITH XILASIN PREMEDICATION IN BALI CATTLE

    • Authors: Nur Liliana Putri Prihatiningsih, I Gusti Ngurah Sudisma, I Gusti Agung Gde Putra Pemayun
      Pages: 511 - 516
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the response of analgesia, sedation, and relaxation of the use xilasin premedication with anesthesia ketamine, propofol and their combination in bali cattle (Bos sondaicus). Bali cattle are used as many as 12 head which were divided into three treatment groups. This study used a completely randomized design with three treatments which are xilasin combination (0.1 mg) ketamine (2 mg), xilasin combination (0.1 mg) propofol (3 mg), xilasin combination (0.1 mg) ketamine (1 mg) and propofol (1.5 mg). The result of the research showed that ketamine and porofol anesthesia with xilasin premedication in bali cattle had a significant effect (P<0.05) on analgesia, sedation and relaxation responses. The average time for analgesia response is 2.5 – 12.5 minutes with analgesia duration of 5-17.5 minutes. For sedation response the average time of occurrence is 2.5-13.7 minutes with sedation duration of 5-13.75 minutes. The response time fot the occurrence of 5-12.5 minutes of relaxation with relaxation duration 2.5-23.75 minutes. In this study it can be concluded that the xilasin-ketamine-propofol combination is better fo bali cattle anesthesia becauses it produces a faster induction with a longer duration.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p10
       
  • HISTOPATHOLOGICAL CHANGES LIVER IN KAMPUNG CHICKEN GIVEN HERBAL MEDICINE
           OF ASHITABA AND AVIAN INFLUENZA VACCINE

    • Authors: I Gede Made Andy Pratama, I Wayan Sudira, Ida Bagus Oka Winaya
      Pages: 517 - 523
      Abstract: Ashitaba plant (Angelica keiskei) is one of the original herbal plants from Japan which physically resembles celery leaves and can treat various diseases. This study aims to see the effect of giving ashitaba leaf herbal medicine on the histopathological picture of native chicken liver (Gallus domesticus) as seen from the proliferation of Kupffer cells in sinusoids vaccinated with Avian influenza (AI) vaccine. This study used a completely randomized design and used 25 native chickens. The study consisted of a treatment group, namely giving Ashitaba leaf herbal medicine (control), as well as giving Ashitaba leaf herbal medicine with doses of 50, 100, 200, and 400 mg / head / day respectively for 14 days by mixing it in drinking water until the volume was 100 ml. On the 21st day, all groups of chickens were vaccinated with the Avian Influenza vaccine. Liver from samples taken on day 42, to be made preparations and stained with Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. Sample under a microscope at 400x magnification. The variable observed was the proliferation of kupffer cells in the sinusoids with the histopathological change scoring scale. The research data were analyzed non-parametrically using the Kruskal-Wallis test. The results showed that giving the herb Ashitaba leaves with a dose range of 50 mg / head / day to 400 mg / head / day for 14 days, did not cause significant changes in the histopathology of native chickens when seen from the proliferation of Kupffer cells in the sinusoids that had been induced by avian influenza vaccine.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p11
       
  • BALI CATTLE OOCYTE MATURATION RATE ON TCM 199 MEDIA WITH THE ADDITION OF
           HYPOTAURINE

    • Authors: Ester Novitasari, Tjok Gde Oka Pemayun, I Ketut Suatha, I Gusti Ngurah Bagus Trilaksana
      Pages: 524 - 530
      Abstract: Oocyte maturation is an important step in the implementation of in vitro fertilization for embryo transfer. Oocytes collected by aspiration and slicing in general have not yet reached the MII phase needed for in vitro fertilization so oocyte maturation is necessary. The purpose of this study was to determine the maturation level of bali cattle oocytes on TCM 199 medium with the addition of hypotaurine. Oocytes were derived from ovaries obtained from the Pesanggaran Denpasar abattoir and collected using the slicing method. This study used a completely randomized design consisting of 3 groups, namely group I / control (P0: maturation medium without hypotaurine), group II (P1: maturation medium with the addition of 2 mMol hypotaurine), and group III (P2: maturation medium with the addition of 4 mMol hypotaurine). Each group consisted of 27 replications. Oocyte maturation was carried out by 38.5 °C incubation, for 24 hours, with a pressure of CO2 of 5 %. The results showed that the cumulus cells expansion rate up to cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) stages in the P1 group were not significantly different than the P0 group (p> 0.05), but the P2 group showed a significant difference (p <0.05). In term of nuclear maturity, the addition of hypotaurine did not cause a significant difference (p> 0.05) at the GVBD level; but the MI level of the P0 was significantly different from that ofP1 and P2 groups(p <0.05); while at the MII level, there was no significant difference between P0 and P1 (p> 0.05), and that P0 was significantly different to P2 (p <0.05). Collectively, it can be concluded that the addition of 4 mMol hypotaurine to TCM 199 oocyte maturation media increases the rate of expansion of cumulus cells reaching COCs and increase the level of nuclear maturity reaching the MII phase.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p12
       
  • IDENTIFICATION OF NON-BLOODSUCKING FLIES ON PIG FARM IN BALI

    • Authors: Alice Viria Cordeiro da Costa Xavier, I Made Dwinata, Ida Bagus Made Oka
      Pages: 531 - 540
      Abstract: Flies are ectoparasites that act as vectors of disease and their existence greatly affects the health of pigs. The purpose of this study was to identify the types and fluctuations in the number of flies that do not suck blood in pig farms in Badung Regency and Denpasar City. The fly collection was carried out on a semi-intensive pig farm with a period of every week for 3 months. In this study, flies were caught using fly paper glue and sweeping net and then euthanized with 70% alcohol. The data obtained were presented descriptively and analyzed using the Wilcoxon test. The identification results showed that the type of non-blood-sucking flies found in pig farms in Badung Regency and Denpasar City was Musca sp. as many as 2,383 tails (96.99%), Lucilia sp. as 56 tails (2.28%) and Fannia sp. as 18 tails (0.73%). During the 12 weeks of observation, fluctuations occurred with the highest decrease in fly population in the 3rd week (November) and 10th (January) while the increase occurred in the 5th week (December) to the 9th week (January). The number of fly population found in the Denpasar pig farm is 1,464 larger, which is largerthan the population in the pig farm in Badung Regency 993 tails.
      PubDate: 2022-01-30
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p13
       
  • BLOOD HEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PROFILE OF BALI PIGS FROM TRADITIONAL
           AND CONVENTIONAL FARM SUPPLEMENTED WITH COMMERCIALLY MEAL

    • Authors: Putu Vindhy Chempaka Putri, I Gede Mahardika, Nyoman Sadra Dharmawan
      Pages: 541 - 549
      Abstract: Experimental studies have been carried out to determine the weight gain, blood hematological and biochemical profile of weaning bali pig from traditional and conventional farms which are then given the same treatment as commercial feed. Weighing pigs is carried out every two weeks for two months. Examination of blood samples was carried out three times, at the beginning, middle and end of the study. The hematology profile was examined with a hematology analyzer. Cholesterol, triglycerides, and protein total were examined by photometer. The results showed that the weight gain of weaning pigs from traditional and conventional farms for 8 weeks was 13.81 kg and 14.19 kg (P>0.05). Overall range of erythrocytes; hematocrit; and hemoglobin in this study were 7.47-8.59 x 106/µL; 37.23-44.78 %; and 11.95-14.17 g/dL, respectively. The total leukocyte range is 19.12-28.18 x 103/µL; neutrophils: 0.49-7.19 %; eosinophils: 0.24-2.0 %; basophils: 0.73-5.18 %; lymphocytes: 16.22-83.02 %; and monocytes 1.21-6.82 %. The cholesterol range is 65.85-90.00 mg/dL; triglycerides: 30,75-78,81 mg/dL; and protein total: 5.0-6.6 g/dL. There was no statistically significant difference (P>0.05) between the average erythrocytes, hematocrit, hemoglobin, leukocytes total, leukocytes differential, cholesterol and protein total of piglets originating from traditional farm compared to those from conventional farm. However, there were significant differences (P<0.05) in triglyceride levels.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p14
       
  • IMMUNE RESPONSE TO ESCHERICHIA COLI IN PIGLETS THAT GIVEN ESCHERICHIA COLI
           – AVIAN INFLUENZA RECOMBINANT VACCINE

    • Authors: Pieter Mbolo Maranata, I Gusti Ngurah Kade Mahardika, I Nengah Kerta Besung
      Pages: 550 - 557
      Abstract: Escherichia coli as a cause of colibacillosis is an important disease in pig farms because it causes weight loss, death in pigs, and significant economic losses. Handling colibacillosis by using antibiotics can cause a resistance effect, so we need an alternative to using a vaccine. The latest vaccine development by Udayana University using E. coli isolates from the Bali area was carried out to use this problem. Research on immunization against E. coli in piglets who have been given a recombinant vaccine E. coli - Avian Influenza. The sample used in this study was serum from 12 piglets. In this study, the sample was divided into two groups, namely the treatment group with vaccines and the control group without vaccine assistance. The group was given the vaccine at age of 1 week and repeated at age of 3 weeks, and the serum from both of groups was taken when the pigs were 4 weeks old. The serum is then tested using an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) serological test. The results showed a varying optical density figures, the study group had an average optical density of 1.010 and the control group had an average of 0.418. Analysis statistic using the unpaired t-test, the two groups had significant differences. The level of antibodies against E. coli in vaccinated piglets is higher than the level of antibodies against E. coli in unvaccinated piglets. Diarrhea case data is used as supporting data that shows significant differences in the group given the booster vaccine in the third week. In the fourth week of the vaccination group, no piglets were diarrhea, while in the unvaccinated group 4 diarrhea was taken. The conclusion that were an increase in the immune response in pig that given the recombinant vaccine E. coli rather than control group.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p15
       
  • DETECTION OF INFECTION ANAPLASMA SP., BORRELIA BURGDORFERI AND EHRLICHIA
           SP. IN THE DOG INFESTED WITH TICKS IN DENPASAR CITY

    • Authors: Ni Made Devityasih Perayadhista, Nyoman Adi Suratma, Nyoman Sadra Dharmawan
      Pages: 558 - 571
      Abstract: This research has been conducted as its purpose is to detect the infection of Anaplasma sp., Borrelia burgdorferi, and Ehrlichia sp. in dogs as well as it was manifested with ticks in Denpasar City. The detection of these parasites was conducted by serological examination, haematology test, and microscopic identification with blood smear. Blood samples were examined from 30 dogs which is belong to local society and it also invested with Rhipichepalus sanguineus. Serological examination was performed with SNAP® 4DX® Plus test kit. Haematology examination were using haematology analyzer I-CUBIO iCell-800 Vet®. The risk factor was learned by analyzing it with correlation to parasite infection case in dogs with a few factors which is considered being influenced. The result of serological examination shows that 22 of 30 dogs (73.3%) were positively reacted to Anaplasma sp. and Ehrlichia sp. but shown negative to Borrelia burgdorferi. In addition, haematology profile shown anemia, leucocytosis, leucopenia, lymphocitosis, lymphopenia, and thrombocytopenia, as well as abnormalities in blood cell morphology such as: poikilocytosis, and the presence of crenation. There is no correlation between blood pathogenic agents in this research to: age, breed, sex, origin, presence of other pets, or grooming management.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p16
       
  • USE OF GONADORELIN IN HANDLING DELAYED PUBERTY IN BALI CATTLE

    • Authors: Anak Agung Adhitya Chandra, I Gusti Ngurah Bagus Trilaksana, Tjok Gde Oka Pemayun
      Pages: 572 - 577
      Abstract: Delayed puberty is one of the problems faced by breeders, causing delays in production. Several hormones have been used in handling cases of delayed puberty. Purpose of this research was to determine the use of gonadorelin in dealing with delayed puberty in balinese cattle. Balinese cattle used in this reasearch are female balinese cattle age 24 month or more which havent showed any sign of the first estrus (puberty). Female balinese cattle was divided into 2 groups each consist 16 cattles. Both groups given the treatment which is gonadorelin injection dose 50 'g/cattle (P1/Group 1) and 100 'g/cattle (P2/Group 2). Observations for follicular diameter were made by ultrasound before gonadorelin injection and after the signs of estrus were showed. Observation for the estrus signs and its intensity were done twice a day which are at 06.00 – 08.00 WITA and 17.00 – 19.00 WITA. The results showed that the average follicular diameter before the gonadorelin injection were P1  = 4,38mm and P2 = 4,41mm meanwhile after the estrus showed up, the average follicular diameter became P1 = 7,68mm and P2 = 10,83mm. The average time of emergence of estrus at P1 = 6,38 days while P2 = 4 days, while the intensity of estrus at P1 = 1,5 days and P2 = 2,56 days. Statistically the difference in diameter before treatment was not significant (p> 0.05) while during estrus there was a significant difference (p <0.05) between the two treatments. At the time of emergence of estrus and estrus intensity there were no statistically significant differences (p> 0.05) between the two treatments. For the conclusion, administration of gonadorelin can stimulate follicular development and cause the emergence of estrus in Balinese Cattle  that experience delayed puberty.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p17
       
  • THE INFLUENCE OF PEEL EXTRACT MUSA PARADISIACA FORMATYPICA AGAINST KIDNEY
           HISTOLOGY, UREUM LEVELS AND CREATININ RATTUS NOVERGICUS AFTER INTENSIVE
           EXERCISE

    • Authors: Putu Oky Astawibawa, I Nyoman Suarsana, I Gusti Ayu Agung Suartini
      Pages: 578 - 585
      Abstract: Excessive physical activity triggers the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can damage the kidneys and other organs. This study aims to determine the effect of banana’s Kepok peel extract on the urea, creatinine, and renal histology levels of rats after intensive training. This study used 27 male white rats weighing 200-225 g. Rats were divided into three treatment groups: control (T0), intensive training (T1), intensive training (T2), and banana’s Kepok peel extract was given for 28 days. Urea samples were analyzed using the Urea Col method and creatinine samples were analyzed using the Jaffe method, while kidney samples were examined using histological preparations using the hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining method. In treatment with T0, urea and creatinine levels of 89,456 ± 2,938 and 0.867 ± 0.07 mg / dl were obtained, respectively; Treatment T1 with urea and creatinine levels 101,144 ± 1,805 and 0.944 ± 0.10 mg / dl, and treatment T2 with levels of urea and creatinine were 99,889 ± 4,075 and 0.900 ± 0.00 mg / dl, respectively. Observation of renal histology at T1 found degeneration and necrosis. T2 shows a decrease in degeneration and necrosis accompanied by an increase in regeneration of the epithelium of proximal and distal tubular cells. Supply of banana’s Kepok peel extract using a dose of 1 cc / kg bw. Urea levels in the T1 and T2 treatment groups differed significantly from T0, but when viewed from the mean standard deviation, it showed that T2 was approaching T0 levels. Creatinine T2 levels were not different from T0 and T1, while T0 was different from T1. Additionally, banana’s Kepok peel extract can prevent damage to kidney tissue but has not been significantly different.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2022.v14.i05.p18
       
 
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