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  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 103 journals)
Showing 1 - 22 of 22 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acrocephalus     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan / Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alternatives to Laboratory Animals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Animal - Science Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Animal Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Animal Research International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Animal Sentience : An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Animal Welfare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Applied Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Botanical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
British Poultry Abstracts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria     Open Access  
Derecho Animal. Forum of Animal Law Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
European Journal of Wildlife Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hayvansal Üretim     Open Access  
Human-Wildlife Interactions     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Equine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Animal Science and Products     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Animal Ethics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Learning and Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Threatened Taxa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens     Open Access  
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Natural History Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nigerian Journal of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
People and Animals : The International Journal of Research and Practice     Open Access  
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access  
Rangifer     Open Access  
Research Journal of Parasitology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Producción Animal     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de primatologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Society and Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
South African Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Spei Domus     Open Access  
TRACE ∴ Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Translational Animal Science     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access  
Uluslararası Tarım ve Yaban Hayatı Bilimleri Dergisi / International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences     Open Access  
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Veterinary and Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wildfowl     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Buletin Veteriner Udayana
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2085-2495 - ISSN (Online) 2477-2712
Published by Universitas Udayana Homepage  [61 journals]
  • Cover Vol. 15 No. 4 August 2023

    • Authors: Kadek Karang Agustina
      PubDate: 2023-04-07

    • Authors: Putu Aditya Pratama Arta Putra, I Wayan Masa Tenaya, Romy Muhammad Dary Mufa, Ida Bagus Ngurah Swacita
      Pages: 500 - 507
      Abstract: The availability of safe, healthy and whole animal food is a concrete manifestation of one of the development goals in the field of food security. One of the foodstuffs of animal origin that contains high nutritional value is pork. The purpose of this study was to determine the quality of local Balinese pork when viewed from an objective test. Evaluation of meat quality and health is carried out objectively. Objective assessment is carried out with the help of laboratory equipment or with comparison standards. objective assessment includes an assessment of pH, water holding capacity and water content. The samples used were Balinese pork as many as 12 samples per each test. Data on pH, water content, and water holding capacity were analyzed by the Variety Print Test. The results showed that the objective tests of Balinese pork slaughtered at the traditional slaughterhouse of Penatih Village, Denpasar from four different muscle locations (fore legs, neck, hind legs, and abdomen) showed good results. not significantly different. The average in each test shows good results and is good for consumption when compared to other breeds of pigs.
      PubDate: 2023-01-25
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p01

    • Authors: Sheren Sheren, Ni Nyoman Werdi Susari, I Gusti Ngurah Bagus Trilaksana
      Pages: 508 - 516
      Abstract: Dog is one of the animals that has been human’s pet for thousands of years. The aim of this study was to find the morphometry of canine oocyte from various age and reproductive maturity status. In this study, 22 pairs of ovarium samples were collected and stored with Phosphate Buffer Saline (PBS) as transport media. Oocytes were collected using the method of slashing, where multiple slashes were made on the cortex of ovaries and then flushed with NaCl. Petri dish containing NaCl were then observed under the microscope to find the oocyte. Oocyte diameter was obtained by averaging two measurements made perpendicular to each other. If oocytes are obscured by cumulus cells, measurement was taken diagonally. Measurements taken were diameter of oocyte (including zona pellucida) and diameter of ooplasma. Based on statistical analysis of this study using one-way ANOVA, showed oocyte and ooplasma diameters from groups of prepubertal, <1 year old post-pubertal (juvenile), 1-4 years old (mature), and >4 years old (old) are almost indistinguishable. Oocytes from mature dogs had the largest diameter (oocyte = 108,0±27,8µm and ooplasma = 85,7±19,5µm) and was sigfinicantly larger than oocytes from prepubertal dogs (oocyte = 102,5±29,4µm and ooplasma = 84,8±25,4µm). Juvenile dogs had the smallest diameter (oocyte = 94,1±28,9µm and ooplasma = 78,8±25, µm), followed by old dogs (oocyte = 98,5±38,7µm and ooplasma 83,01±35,1µm). Further investigations of oocyte morphometry are needed while focusing more on follicle size, estrus cycle, and oocyte quality.
      PubDate: 2023-02-22
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p02

    • Authors: Brainna Kirayna Ginting, Iwan Harjono Utama, Srikayati Widyastuti
      Pages: 517 - 522
      Abstract: Dogs are quite popular animals in the pet category. Maintaining the dog's health as a pet is certainly one of the owner's priorities. On the other hand, the dog is also a major reservoir of various zoonotic disease infections. Early detection and effective, efficient treatment are needed to prevent the spread and increase in the severity of the disease. Saliva, which is one type of biological fluid, has begun to be widely used as a diagnostic sample. Its diverse components not only support each other in carrying out the function of saliva but can also be a biomarker of various infections or diseases in an individual. One of the components of saliva is protein. Protein has been shown to be the biomarker of various types of diseases in humans, such as gingivitis, periodontitis, cancer, and caries. This study examines the total protein level of dog saliva, which carried out on 15 healthy dogs. The saliva samples obtained were measured semi-quantitatively using the urine glucose-protein test kit. This study's data is presented in a frequency distribution of bar graphs and descriptive analyses. The results showed that the total protein levels of dog saliva varied, with the most dominant result being 0–10 mg/dL. Larger sample size and different measuring instruments can be applied in further research.
      PubDate: 2023-03-02
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p03

    • Authors: Martin Pedro Krisenda Resman, Rima Nurmayani, Laras Ayu Nadira, Vinensia Ghona Gani, Made Beratha Mukti, Ida Bagus Ngurah Swacita
      Pages: 523 - 530
      Abstract: People's need for animal protein is very high. One source of animal protein that is quite popular is pork. Pigs are one of the livestock that are quite a lot kept by the people of Indonesia, especially livestock that are kept large by the Balinese people. The purpose of this study was to develop the quality of pork in three traditional markets in Denpasar, Bali. The pork samples examined were obtained from traditional markets in the Denpasar area, such as the Sanglah market, Pemogan market, and Jimbar Jaya Renon market. Inspection of quality is carried out through subjective tests (color, consistency and texture) and objective examinations on meat include examination of pH determination, Water Holding Capacity, Water Content, and Total Bacterial Plate Number Test (ALTB) as a Microbiological Test. The results of subjective evaluation of pork from three Denpasar Traditional Markets all have an average of pale red color (score 1), smell of fresh blood (score 1), soft consistency (score 1), and smooth texture (score 1). As for the objective test, at Sanglah Market, the average pH test was 6.5, water holding capacity was 83.6%, water content was 73.7%, and ALTB was 412.33x103 cfu/g; at Pemogan Market pH 6.3, Water Holding Capacity 81.5%, Water Content 72.7%; and ALTB 515.66x 103 cfu/g, Jimbar Jaya Renon Market tested for pH 6.37, water holding capacity 90.4%, water content 75.01%, and ALTB 528x103 cfu/g. It can be said that the quality of pork sold in the three traditional markets of Denpasar City is in accordance with the Indonesian National Standard (SNI) and is still fit for consumption. It is recommended that pork traders in the traditional markets of Denpasar City continue to carry out sanitation and hygiene properly and correctly so that the quality of pork is maintained.
      PubDate: 2023-02-02
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p04

    • Authors: Ni Putu Tiara Indriana, I Nyoman Suartha, Putu Henrywaesa Sudipa
      Pages: 531 - 539
      Abstract: Dogs are very susceptible to infected by fungal species. The fungus that is often found infected dogs is Curvularia sp. Herbal medicine that is believed to be antifungal are ecoenzymes. The ecoenzymes in this study were made from papaya skin (Carica papaya L.), soursop (Annona muricata L.), neem leaves (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) and lemongrass (Cymbopogon nardus L.). This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of ecoenzymes against the growth of Curvularia sp used quantitative methode with modification of agar plate diffusion (Kirby Bauer) with well diffusion technique. This study was experimental and used a completely randomized design with 6 treatments, ecoenzyme concentration 5%, 10%, 15% and 100%, positive control used itraconazole, and negative control used aquades. Data analysis used ANOVA and continued with the Games-Howell test. The result showed that the inhibitory zones at ecoenzyme consentration 5%, 10%, 15%, and 100% were 3,50 mm; 4,82 mm; 6,02 mm; and 8,85 mm, respectively. Ecoenzyme in this study could inhibited fungal growth because of the ingredient contain antifungal substance like alkaloid carpaine, terpenoid, azadirachtin, nimbin, nimbidin, sitronela, and geraniol and pH reducer, so Curvularia spp that grew well in range of 4.0-10 could inhibited.
      PubDate: 2023-02-15
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p05

    • Authors: Lona Milena, Srikayati Widyastuti, Anak Agung Sagung Kendran
      Pages: 540 - 544
      Abstract: The detection dog is one of the animals that assists the task of the Indonesian National Police in maintaining and securing the order of the Indonesian state. The tasks assigned to detection dogs are to find explosives, drug tracking operations, security operations and look for victims of natural disasters such as landslides to earthquakes. Due to environmental factors that are quite extreme and heavy affect the stress level of the bloodhound itself, environmental conditions greatly affect the picture of blood values. Therefore, the results of the health examination of the erythrocyte profile are needed. This research uses descriptive observational research method. The object used in this study was the entire population of Malang City Police's detection dogs. Blood was taken and then examined using a hematology analyzer machine and then compared with hematology standards and then analyzed. From the studies that have been done, it was concluded that all samples showed anemia with the results of various examination values, and are likely caused by poor quality feed and water. For this reason, it is necessary to carry out further examinations such as parasitic examinations, radiology, and blood chemistry.
      PubDate: 2023-03-15
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p06

    • Authors: Silvia Correia, Anak Agung Gde Jayawardhita
      Pages: 545 - 552
      Abstract: Phimosis is a condition in which the male animal cannot remove the penis. This disease can be congenital or acquired. A male dog, mix Kintamani, named Dipo, aged 5 months and weighing 6 kg, has urinating problems. The owner has explained that the case dog cannot urinate like other dogs in general. Clinical examination showed the dog had a small opening (orifice). The hematological examination of the blood showed a decrease in the value of hemoglobin and platelets. The case dog was diagnosed with phimosis with a good ''prognosis. Surgical treatment was performed in the form of enlarging the opening of the sheath (orifice). The premedication used 0.5 ml atropine sulfate subcutaneously with a combination of 0.6 ml of ketamine and 0.6 ml of xylazine anesthesia intravenously. The postoperative treatment used antibiotics of 0.1 ml kg/BW Amoxycilin intravenously on the first day and followed by the antibiotic ointment of 0.1% Gentamicin Sulphate for the suture wound. Anti-inflammatory of 1ml/10kg/BW Tolfenamide acid was injected intramuscularly. The results of surgery and therapy showed that the case dog was comfortable when urinating. The surgical wound has healed on the fifteenth day. It is recommended for owners not to underestimate this condition and to have their animals immediately examined by a veterinarian for further treatment.
      PubDate: 2023-03-16
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p07

    • Authors: I Made Kerta Pratama, I Gusti Made Krisna Erawan, Sri Kayati Widyastuti
      Pages: 585 - 595
      Abstract: Cystolithiasis is a condition where uroliths/calculi are found in the urinary bladder (VU) caused by multifactorial factors, namely urine pH, feed, and bacterial infection. An orange mixed breed cat, male, four years old, weighing 5.2 kg was examined at the Prema Veterinary Clinic, Dalung, Bali, with complaints of not urinating for 5 days, weakness, and decreased appetite. A case cat was reported to have come to the clinic in January with the same complaint. examination Ultrasound showed thickening of the walls of the VU and crystals were found in the VU. Animal cases were treated with catheterization, fluid therapy with Ringer's Lactate, ciprofloxacin (10 mg/kg BW; q24h), phenylpropanolamine HCL (0.8 mg/kg BW; q8h), vitamin Hematodine (0.6 mL) and case cats were also given. Neurotropic vitamins® (0.6 mL) and given cat food royal canine urinary care. One week after therapy the cat is in good condition, urinating smoothly and there is no indication of pain when urinating
      PubDate: 2023-02-05
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p11

    • Authors: Chindi Meilina Handojo, I Gede Soma, Putu Devi Jayanti, Komang Andika Purnama
      Pages: 596 - 608
      Abstract: The purpose of writing this report is to discuss the incidence of urolithiasis accompanied by impaired liver function in male Pomeranian dogs in carrying out diagnostic and appropriate handling and therapy of case dogs. A nine years old male Pomeranian dog weighing 2.8 kg was brought to Estimo Petshop & Clinic with complaints of hematuria, stranguria accompanied by decreased appetite and drinking for the last five days and anuria for the last two days. On physical examination, the dog was dehydrated accompanied by pale eye and mouth mucosa, bladder distension and liver can be palpated. On radiographic examination found the presence of uroliths in the bladder and urethra accompanied by an enlarged liver size. The results of the hematological examination showed that the dog had decreased hematocrit and MCV values, increased MCHC, RDW and white blood cells. The results of blood biochemical examination showed increased levels of BUN, globulins, ALT and ALKP. Urine chemistry examination showed a pH of 6.0 and abnormal in bilirubin and erythrocytes. Microscopic examination of the urine revealed the presence of calcium oxalate crystals. Based on the anamnesis, physical examination and supporting examination, the case dog was diagnosed with urolithiasis accompanied by impaired liver function. The treatment carried out was the installation of a catheter and the administration of herbal medicines containing Kejibeling and the antibiotic Ciprofloxacin HCl. However, after five days, the case dogs were brought back with a deteriorating condition. The next treatment given is cystotomy and drugs in the form of; betaine hepatoprotector injection, Ciprofloxacin HCl, cystaid dog, liver health and special diet for urinary tract disease in dogs. One week postoperatively, the case dog was able to urinate well without finding any blood. Based on the anamnesis, physical examination and supporting examinations in the form of hematological examination, blood biochemistry, radiography and urine, the case dog was diagnosed with urolithiasis accompanied by impaired liver function, where the treatment in the form of inserting a catheter and administering kejibeling extract had not been able to have a significant impact on the case dog. then an operation was performed. Therefore, to avoid urolithiasis recurrence in case dogs, it is necessary to educate the owner regarding dietary management in the form of avoiding feeds that are high in protein and calcium and further handling of impaired liver function.
      PubDate: 2023-02-05
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p12

    • Authors: Ni Putu Gita Kristyari, I Gusti Agung Gde Putra Pemayun, I Wayan Wirata
      Pages: 609 - 619
      Abstract: Lymphosarcoma is a malignant tumor that occurs in the lymphosarcoma system, the cause of lymphosarcoma is not fully known, but there are several risk factors that can trigger the occurrence of lymphosarcoma such as age, genetic changes, infections, chemical radiation, and certain immunodeficiency diseases. This case report aims to find out how to diagnose and treat cases of inguinal lymphosarcoma in dogs. A 2 year old male minipom dog with a weight of 5.6 kg was examined with complaints of a lump in the inguinal area on the dextra penis since 3 weeks. Based on the anamnesis, results of physical examination, observed clinical signs and histopathological investigations, the dog was diagnosed with lymphosarcoma. Animals are then treated with rehabilitation to remove the tumor. Premedication was given subcutaneous atropine sulfate 0.03 mg/kg BB, followed by administration of a combination of xylazine 2 mg/kg BB and ketamine 12 mg/kg BB intravenous. Surgical removal of the tumor is carried out by excision of the tumor mass by separating the nearby tissue. Postoperatively the dog was given cefotaxime injection of 20 mg/kg BB intravenous for 3 days, followed by oral administration of cefixime 5 mg/kg BB for 5 days. Giving anti-inflammatory tolfedine at a dose of 4 mg/kg BB intramuscular for 3 days. On the first day to the seventh day of the surgical wound, enbatic powder was given and the next day, gentamicin sulfate ointment was given. After the operation, the animals were observed to determine the healing of the postoperative wounds, on the 12 day the wounds had dried and fused, and the three stitches had fallen off on their own. Treatment of lymphosarcoma cases is carried out by removing the tumor mass. Healing of the surgical wound was observed on the 12 day. To get maximum results, consider chemotherapy and or radiotherapy to destroy cells that have metastasized in tissues.
      PubDate: 2023-02-05
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p13

    • Authors: Aditya Pratanto, Sri Kayati Widyastuti, I Gusti Made Krisna Erawan
      Pages: 620 - 629
      Abstract: Feline chronic gingivostomatitis (FCGS) is a chronic inflammation of the mouth that often affects cats. The immune system is thought to be involved in its pathogenesis. The purpose of writing a case report is to provide information on the incidence of FCGS and otitis externa in domestic cats and as a material for consideration in taking action to treat these diseases. The case animal was brought to the Estimo petshop & clinic with a complaint that the cat did not want to eat and drink. According to previous cat owners, it seemed difficult to chew their food, resulting in decreased appetite and drinking, and excessive salivation. This has been going on for a month. The owner also saw the cat often scratching the ear. On clinical examination, the skin turgor is slow, the mandibular lymph nodes are slightly swollen. The buccal mucosa looks red and swollen. Cats also experience hypersalivation and halitosis. On clinical examination, the ear was found to be black, smelly, and wet. Routine haematological examination results showed leukocytosis with neutrophilia. On examination of the ear swab found mites Otodectes cynotis. The therapy given was Ringer's Lactate fluid therapy intravenously, anti-inflammatory dexamethasone at a dose of 0.2 mg/kg BW once a day subcutaneously, a long-acting antibiotic amoxicillin at a dose of 15 mg/kg BW intramuscularly, immunomodulator Viusid©pet with a dose of 1mL/5kg body weight twice a day orally. The therapy given for otitis externa is in the form of topical therapy, namely ear drops containing Pyrethrins as the main ingredient, given three drops twice a day in the left and right ears. Three days after therapy the cat showed an improvement in body condition. Treatment with the given therapy gives good results, signs of gingivostomatitis and otitis externa are no longer observed and cat owners are advised to always pay attention to the cleanliness of the cat's oral cavity by scaling and providing dry food to reduce tartar buildup on the teeth.
      PubDate: 2023-02-05
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p14

    • Authors: I Made Mahaputra, Sri Kayati Widyastuti, Made Suma Anthara
      Pages: 630 - 638
      Abstract: Scabies is a skin disease that dominates both domesticated and wild cats caused by the zoonotic mite Sarcoptes scabiei. The purpose of writing this article is to provide information about the impact of scabies infection in cats and the appropriate treatment and handling given to cats with scabies cases. Examination was carried out on domestic cats with anamnesis showing symptoms of itching by scratching the ears against the wall or ground and found lesions on the ears. The results of clinical examination showed hyperkeratosis and alopecia in the ear. Investigations using skin scraping or skin scraping under a microscope showed Sarcoptes scabiei mites, while hematological examination revealed that the cat had leukocytosis and hyperchromic normocytic anemia. Based on the history, clinical examination and supporting examination, the cat was diagnosed with scabiosis. The therapy given is in the form of causative, symptomatic, and supportive therapy. The causative therapy given was ivermectin with a dose of 0.2 ml/kg body weight with two doses at an interval of 14 days. Symptomatic therapy given is Chlorpheniramine maleate given at a dose of 2 mg/kg body weight, every 12 hours, for five days. Supportive therapy is given in the form of Vita-Gel 50 g given the size of three corn kernels (1-3 cm) 2-3 times a day for 10 days, and animals are bathed using sulfur soap twice a week. The therapy given to the Pisci cat showed good results where the cat showed changes from the beginning until after the treatment the pruritus and hyperkeratosis began to decrease and the hair started to grow. If the owner's cat has scabies, immediately separate it from their pets so that scabies does not spread to other animals.
      PubDate: 2023-03-02
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p15

    • Authors: I Gede Made Andy Pratama, Sri Kayati Widyastuti, I Wayan Batan
      Pages: 639 - 646
      Abstract: Dermatophytosis is a skin disease caused by dermatophytes yeast. The purpose of examining the case dogs is to determine the agent of the disease that causes many lesions on the dog's skin. The case dog was brought to the Pedungan Vet Care clinic with complaints of skin problems that had been occurring for one month. the case dog is a mixed breed dog aged about one year with a body weight of 12.2 kg and is a rescued dog. On clinical examination there were abnormalities such as lesions consisting of a combination of alopecia, erythema, and crusts. The lesions were found on the ear, face, hind limb, pelvic limb, abdomen, and dorsal part of the body. Then the parts of the lesion were scraped at the edges of the lesion using 10% KOH and a swab. From the results of skin scrapings, the results were negative for dermatophytes. The Wood's lamp examination was negative. On tape smear examination, macroconidia were found in the form of elliptical which were divided into several cells, indicating a positive result of Microsporum sp. Based on the history, physical examination, clinical examination, and laboratory, it can be said that the disease is dermatophytosis. Case dogs were given causative and symptomatic therapy, for causative therapy griseofulvin was given at a dose of 500 mg/kg/bb q.12 hours orally and symptomatic therapy was given the antihistamine chlorpheniramine maleate at a dose of 4 mg/kg/bb q.12 hours orally for 14 days, antiseptic chlorhexidine gluconate 0.05% for cleaning wounds twice a day, and case dogs were bathed with Sebazole® antifungal shampoo twice a week for one month. After seven days of treatment, the pruritus symptoms observed decreased but there were no significant changes for other diseases.
      PubDate: 2023-03-02
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p16

    • Authors: Ni Kadek Nila Pridayanti, Made Suma Anthara, Sri Kayati Widyastuti
      Pages: 647 - 655
      Abstract: Azotemia is an increase in the concentration of non-protein nitrogenous compounds in the blood, which consist of urea and creatinine. Azotemia can be categorized into prerenal, renal, and postrenal mechanisms. Postrenal azotemia is a urological condition caused by lower urinary tract disorders. Lower urinary tract infections prevent the normal collection and excretion of urine from the body. This paper reports the case of a mixed-breed Persian male cat named Abu, aged 1.5 years, with dark gray hair, weighing 4.19 kg, brought to the clinic with clinical signs of lethargy and weakness (lethargic), high frequency of urination but little urine (pollakiuria), bloody urine (hematuria), pain during urination (stranguria), and urinary bladder distension (VU) and decreased appetite. Radiographic examination shows enlargement of the size of the VU. Urinalysis examination using a dipstick test showed protein +1, erythrocytes +2 (50), leukocytes +2 (75), pH 7, and urine specific gravity (USG) 1.040. Sedimentation examination obtained results in the form of reddish urine, white froth, the presence of sediment, and the smell of urine. Microscopic examination revealed crystals of magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite). Routine hematological examination shows an increase in neutrophils (neutrophilia) interpreted as an acute inflammatory response. Blood biochemical examination showed an increase in creatinine and Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN). The Symmetric Dimethylarginine Assay (SDMA) test yielded 19 'g/dL. The cat was diagnosed with postrenal azotemia due to lower urinary tract infection. The therapy given is fluid therapy, antibiotics, multivitamins, changing the feed diet, and rinsing with the help of a urinary catheter. Six weeks after recovery, biochemical analysis as azotemia parameters returned to normal values. Detection of postrenal azotemia with prompt and accurate judgment is important for patient recovery.
      PubDate: 2023-03-02
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p17

    • Authors: Luh Komang Ayu Puteri Priharyanthi, I Gusti Agung Gde Putra Pemayun, I Gusti Ngurah Sudisma
      Pages: 656 - 666
      Abstract: Pyometra is a pathological condition in which there is an accumulation of purulent masses in the uterus which affects female animals. Pyometra can occur in animals of any age after the first estrus. This paper reports the case of a two-year-old female Pomerian mixbreed dog with a body weight of 6.4 kg with anamnesa of decreased appetite and enlargement of the abdomen for 3 months with vaginal discharge a week before being examined. A year ago the dog was given depo-progestine therapy and was kept in captivity by being released. Blood hematology examination showed that the dog had leukocytosis accompanied by hyperchromic microstic anemia, ultrasound imaging showed a hypoechoic appearance in the uterine lumen and thickening of the uterine wall and radiographic results showed a radiopaque image which was suspected of the presence of parts of the bone from the destroyed fetus. Dog cases diagnosed with open cervical pyometra accompanied by maceration of the fetus with a fausta prognosis and treated with ovariohysterectomy. Postoperatively given cefotaxime antibiotics intravenously (IV) for two days. on and followed by cefixime orally for 5 five days. On the third postoperative day, he was given an anti-inflammatory in the form of dexamethasone orally for three days and the incision in the abdomen was cleaned with 10% povidone iodine, then enbatic powder was sprinkled every day. On the seventh day after surgery the wound was dry and not inflamed, and the dog was active again. Ovariohysterectomy is the best way to sterilize dogs.
      PubDate: 2023-03-02
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p18

    • Authors: Alya Nita Shena Gayanti, I Nyoman Suartha, Putu Henrywaesa Sudipa
      Pages: 667 - 673
      Abstract: Ecoenzyme liquid has benefits as a natural disinfectant. This study aimed to determine the antibacterial activity of ecoenzyme fluid made from papaya peel (Carica papaya L.), soursop skin (Annona muricata L.), neem leaf (Azadirachta indica) and lemongrass (Cymbopogon winterianus) against Escherichia coli bacteria isolated from dog skin in vitro. In this study, 4 concentrations of ecoenzymes were used, namely 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%, and 1 positive control (antibiotic Kanamycin) and 1 negative control. In this study, the research data were analyzed for variance and continued with the Games-Howell test. The results showed that the zones of inhibition on ecoenzymes with concentrations of 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% were 0 ± 0, 0 ± 0, 8.42 ± 0.46, and 8.56 ± 0.96, respectively. positive was 20.95 ± 1.43 and negative control was 0 ± 0. The most effective ecoenzyme liquid inhibiting the growth of Escherichia coli in vitro was a concentration of 100%. It is necessary to do further research, namely the testing of ecoenzyme fluid against E. coli bacteria in vitro.
      PubDate: 2023-03-30
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p19

    • Authors: Franky Samuel Milenyano Chandra, I Ketut Berata, I Made Merdana
      Pages: 674 - 682
      Abstract: Exposure to cigarette smoke can increase the risk of coronary heart disease due to the free radicals generated. One of the plants in Indonesia that contains antioxidants is sappan wood. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of giving secang wood extract (Caesalpinia sappan Linn) on the histopathological picture of male mice (Mus musculus) after exposure to conventional cigarette smoke. This study used 24 samples of adult male mice aged 35-45 days with body weight between 30-35 grams obtained from a mouse farm in Gianyar, Bali. The sample was divided into 4 treatments with 6 replications, namely negative control without sappan extract treatment and exposure to cigarette smoke, positive control with 2 cigarette smoke exposure a day, 2 cigarette smoke exposure a day and 30 mg/head dose of sappan wood extract. and the treatment was exposed to cigarette smoke as much as 2 cigarettes a day and administration of sappan wood extract at a dose of 60 mg/head, for 30 days. On the 31st day, the experimental animals were sacrificed to take heart muscle and processed into histopathological preparations. The examination was carried out based on the presence of congestion and inflammation lesions. The severity of the lesions was scored as mild, moderate and severe. Observational data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric statistical test and continued with the Mann-Whitney test if there was a significant difference. The results showed that there was a significant difference (p<0.05) between mice exposed to cigarette smoke and mice given sappan wood extract after exposure to cigarette smoke. It can be concluded that the administration of sappan wood extract at a dose of 30mg/mouse and 60mg/mouse can improve the heart lesions of male mice after exposure to conventional cigarette smoke. Further research is needed on the use of sappan wood extract with different doses in order to obtain more comprehensive results in treating heart damage after exposure to cigarette smoke.
      PubDate: 2023-03-01
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p20

    • Authors: Leny Beatry Veronica, I Gusti Ketut Suarjana, Ketut Tono Pasek Gelgel
      Pages: 683 - 687
      Abstract: This research is conducted to find out the number of Coliform bacteria in dogs that suffer diarrhea and healthy dogs. This research utilizes 20 recent feces of dogs, consist of 10 healthy dogs and 10 dogs with diarrhea. The sample is put in Eosin Methylene Blue Agar media using scattering method. The data of Coliform colony is analyzed using Paired Sample T-Test measurement to find the average value. The result of this research shows that the number of Coliform and E. coli bacteria in dogs with diarrhea is greater than in healthy dogs. The average number of Coliform in dogs with diarrhea are 2.7 x 109 CFU/g and healthy dogs 3,7 x 107 CFU/g. Next, as for the average number of E. coli in dogs with diarrhea are 2,6 x 109 CF/g and healthy dogs 2,8 x 107 CFU/g.
      PubDate: 2023-04-06
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p21

    • Authors: Linus Putra Jaya Lase, I Ketut Suatha, Luh Gde Sri Surya Heryani, Ni Nyoman Werdi Susari, Luh Eka Setiasih
      Pages: 688 - 693
      Abstract: The liver is an important organ in the body that performs many important functions in the digestive system. This study aims to determine the structure and liver morphometry of Bali ducks at different ages. The anatomical structures observed in this study were the number of lobes, color and morphometry (weight, length, width, and volume) of the liver. This study used 18 male bali ducks aged 1 month, 3 months, and 5 months. The ducks were necropsied and the liver was taken, then anatomical observations and morphometric measurements were carried out. The results showed that there were no differences in the anatomical structure at different ages. Based on anatomical measurements, there are differences in liver morphometry of Balinese ducks at different ages which are marked by differences in liver weight, length, width and volume. It is necessary to do further research on histomorphometric measurements at different ages.
      PubDate: 2023-04-06
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p22

    • Authors: Ida Ayu Pasti Apsari, Ida Bagus Ngurah Swacita, Ida Bagus Made Oka
      Pages: 694 - 701
      Abstract: Research has been carried out on the soil around the cowshed and grazing land. Soil is the source of infection/infestation of L3 (larval stage 3), infective eggs, oocysts and mite or ticks. Soil-Transmitted Pathogens are organisms that live on the ground, but in a short time, then the continuity of the cycle requires a host. The cow acts as host in this case. The aim of the study is to isolate the type of parasitic contamination in the soil around the enclosure and grazing land. Each soil sample of 100 is collected from dry calcareous areas (Jimbaran) and the wet regions (Mengwi-Badung). The float method with MgSO4 (English salt) is modified as a method to determine the type of soil contamination. The results of the study showed 45% (90/200) soil contaminated by parasites. The parasite contamination found is coccidia oocyst, protozoa cyst, trematode and nematode worm eggs, nematode worm larvae and mite eggs and larvae. Conclusions from the results are 45% of the soil are contaminated by parasitic namely protozoa, worm eggs, mite larvae and eggs from the Bukit Jimbaran region (29%) and Mengwi (61%).
      PubDate: 2023-05-21
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p23

    • Authors: Ayu Ratnasari, I Wayan Wirata, I Nengah Wandia
      Pages: 553 - 562
      Abstract: Dogs are well-loved pets for their intelligence and loyalty. In addition, some people also like the unique characteristics of dogs. Some like it because of its unique coat color, beautiful shape or fierce look. In this case a Shih Tzu mix Pom dog, male sex, age 6 years, and white hair, with a body weight of 6 kg. Case dogs have abnormalities in the presence of masses on the back. The owner explained that initially the dog had a small lump on the back in early 2021 and grew a mass that was getting bigger and bigger, then the dog was taken to the udayana veterinary hospital on December 21, 2021 for examination and diagnosis while the dog had a mass on its back, at the time of bathing in the house by the owner, the mass in the dog breaks, the mass emits blood and pus. Based on anamnesis, clinical signs, physical examination, and confirmed through supporting examinations in the form of routine hematological examinations with the results of an increase in lymphocytes that indicate inflammation or infection in the body, MCV (mean corpuscular volume) increases which indicates a larger red blood cell size than it should be, and low MCHC is caused due to anemia, especially hypochrome microcytic anemia as well as histopathology with the result of necrosis in the skin epidermis, hair follicle epithelial cells undergo uncontrolled proliferation, and the surface of the hair follicles is covered by thick keratin as well as for low mitotic insect. Dogs are treated surgically (excision) to remove the back period. Postoperative therapy given in the form of amoxicilin antibiotics at a dose of 0.4 ml twice a day in IM for 3 days, then continued with the administration of oral antibiotics amoxicilin with a recommended dose of 20 mg / kg BB PO twice a day for seven days, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory tolfenamic acid at a dose of 4 mg/kg BB SC once a day for five days, and surgical wounds cleaned using 0.9% NaCl, then given iodine and subsequently smeared with Gentamicin sulfate 0.1% ointment given moderately at intervals of twice a day until the wound dries. Animals showed good results in the 14-day postoperative observation characterized by surgical wounds fused and drying out and good healing occurred. As a result dog cases were diagnosed with Trichoepithelioma with a prognosis of fausta. Therapy in the form of surgical excision of tumors has been carried out and is quite effective. It is still unknown whether the disease occurs when it is maintained in a captive environment.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p08

    • Authors: Silvia Dwi Lestari, Luh Gde Sri Surya Heryani, Ni Nyoman Werdi Susari
      Pages: 563 - 569
      Abstract: In contrast to Bali cattle, which have known characterization of both body sizes and genetics, the Taro white cattle not many people know the phenotypic and genotypic characterization. The ear is one of the important organs of the body to determine the morphometric characterization of cattle. The ear is an important organ that functions to maintain balance, which is related to other organs such as the eyes, joints, muscles, and skin. This research is done to determine the morphometry of white taro cattle’s auricle in Taro village, Tegallalang District, Gianyar Regency, Bali, Indonesia. The amount of samples used is 26 taro cattle (> 3 years old). Measuring tape with cm as its unit is used to measure the auricle. The data collected includes length and width analyzed quantitatively. To test the differences between males and females, a T-test (Independent T-test) was used, the analytical procedure using the SPSS program was used. The measurement of the auricle of the male and female taro white cattle obtained the average length and width of the bulls (22.833 cm and 3.8883 cm) while in females (21.785 and 3.5771 cm) the P value < 0.01 (P = 0.00) means that there is a very significant difference between the average length and width of the ear auricles of male and female white cattle. Longer auricles can adapt more easily to hot conditions. The standard deviation value is smaller than the average value which indicates the data is acceptable or homogeneous.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p09

    • Authors: An'nisafitri Lutviana, I Gusti Ngurah Sudisma, i Nengah Wandia
      Pages: 570 - 584
      Abstract: Canine transmissible venereal tumor (CTVT) is a malignant tumor of the genital organs that is transmitted to dogs through implantation of tumor cells in the mucous membranes during mating, licking, biting, fighting, or various forms of direct contact. The case animal is a 1.5 years old female local dog with a body weight of 10.45 kg with a complaint of a lump in the vaginal area for the last 2 months and blood dripping from her vagina. Based on anamnesis, physical examination, and supporting examinations including hematological examination, it was found that the case dog had hypochromic macrocytic anemia, on cytology examination found the presence of intranuclear and intracytoplasmic CTVT vacuoles, and histopathological examination revealed homogeneous lymphoblasts and lymphocytes, mitotic cells, and connective tissue stroma, so the case dog was diagnosed with Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumor. Treatment for CTVT is done through surgery and chemotherapy. Preoperatively given atropine sulfate premedication at a dose of 0.02 mg/kg BW subcutaneously, and anesthetized using a combination of ketamine-xylazine at a dose of 2 mg/kg BW and 12 mg/kg BW intravenously, respectively. Surgery is performed by excision of the tumor mass in the vaginal area. Postoperatively, cefotaxime at a dose of 25 mg/kg BW was administered intravenously twice a day and the analgesic tolfenamic acid at a dose of 4 mg/kg BW was administered intramuscularly once a day. Followed on the second day by administering the drug orally, namely the antibiotic cefixime at a dose of 5 mg/kg BW given twice a day for five days, meloxicam at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg BW given once a day for five days. Sangobion capsules are given once a day for five days. Dogs were given chemotherapy drug vincristin sulfate at a dose of 0.025 mg/kg BW intravenously on the 4th and 11th postoperative days. On the fourth postoperative day, the vulva did not experience swelling, the dog was actively playing, normal urination, eating and drinking well, no disturbances occurred, so the case dog was declared to have developed well after surgery.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.24843/bulvet.2023.v15.i04.p10
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