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  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 103 journals)
Showing 1 - 22 of 22 Journals sorted by number of followers
Animal Welfare     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
European Journal of Wildlife Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Society and Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Wildfowl     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Learning and Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Acrocephalus     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Alternatives to Laboratory Animals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Animal - Science Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Equine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Animal Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Animal Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Applied Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Derecho Animal. Forum of Animal Law Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
British Poultry Abstracts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Natural History Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
South African Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Botanical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Animal Research International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research Journal of Parasitology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Animal Science and Products     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan / Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revue de primatologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Sentience : An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
TRACE ∴ Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Threatened Taxa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Animal Ethics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Veterinary and Animal Science     Open Access  
Human-Wildlife Interactions     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia     Open Access  
People and Animals : The International Journal of Research and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Uluslararası Tarım ve Yaban Hayatı Bilimleri Dergisi / International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Hayvansal Üretim     Open Access  
Revista de Producción Animal     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Translational Animal Science     Open Access  
Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Spei Domus     Open Access  
Rangifer     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  

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Jurnal Agripet
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1411-4621 - ISSN (Online) 2460-4534
Published by Universitas Syiah Kuala Homepage  [19 journals]
  • Kualitas Spermatozoa Sapi Simmental pada Pengencer TRIS dengan Kuning
           Telur dan Waktu Equilibrasi yang Berbeda

    • Authors: Yendraliza Yendraliza, Ahmaddyan Sitorus, Muhammad Rodiallah, Zumarni Zumarni
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: ABSTRACT. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk melihat kualitas spermatozoa sapi Simmental pada pengencer tris kuning telur yang berasal dari tiga jenis unggas dengan variasi waktu equilibrasi. Semen ditampung menggunakan vagina buatan dari 2 ekor sapi Simmental dari BIB Tuah Sakato, Payakumbuh, Sumatera Barat. Penampungan dilakukan pagi hari, 1 x seminggu selama 10 minggu. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) dua faktor. Faktor pertama Jenis kuning telur yang digunakan (Puyuh, Ayam, dan Itik) dan faktor kedua adalah waktu equilibrasi (2, 3 dan 4 jam). Titik optimum ditentukan dengan uji regresi. Parameter diukur setelah thawing meliputi motilitas, viabilitas, abnormalitas, membrane plasma utuh dan recovery rate. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa penggunaan kuning telur asal ternak ayam menghasilkan motilitas 65.33%, viabilitas 67.7%, abnormalitas 15%, MPU 50% dan nilai recovery rate 87.11%, kuning telur itik menghasilkan motilitas 67%, viabilitas 72%, abnormalitas 12%, MPU 54%, dan recovery rate 89.5% dan kuning telur puyuh menghasilkan motilitas 65.00%, viabilitas 70.67%, abnormalitas 13.33%, MPU 51.33% dan nilai recovery rate 86.67%. Kesimpulan penggunaan telur itik dalam pengencer tris pada spermatozoa sapi Simmental dengan waktu equilibrasi 2 jam lebih baik dari waktu equilibrasi 3 dan 4 jam.  (The quality of Simmental cattle sperm in TRIS diluent with different egg yolks and equilibration times) ABSTRAK. Aim of this research was to conduct the quality of sperm Simmental bull in egg yolk tris diluent from three types of poultry with variations in the equilibration time. Semen is collected using an artificial vagina from 2 Simmental cows from BIB Tuah Sakato, Payakumbuh, West Sumatra. The semen is carried out in the morning, once a week for 10 weeks. The experiment was design with two factor Randomized Block Design (RBD). The first factor was the type of egg yolk used and the second factor was the equilibration time. The optimum point is determined by regression. Parameters measured after thawing included motility, viability, abnormalities, intact plasma membrane and recovery rate. The results showed that using of chicken in 65.33% motility, 67.7% viability, 15% abnormality, 50% integrity membrane plasma, and 87.11% recovery rate; duck egg yolk resulted in 67% motility, 72% viability, 12% abnormality, 54% integrity membrane plasma, and 89.5% recovery rate; quail egg yolk resulted 65% motility, 70.67% viability, 12% abnormality, 51.33% integrity membrane plasma, and 86.67% recovery rate; The conclusion is that the use of duck eggs in tris diluent with a equilibration time of 2 hours is better than 3 and 4 hours for bull Simmental spermatozoa.
      PubDate: 2023-03-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v23i1.26381
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Provision of Lactic Acid as Acidifier in Probiotics-Containing Ration on
           Protein Performance of Sentul Chicken

    • Authors: Muhammad Teguh, Bambang Hartoyo, Elly Tugiyanti
      Pages: 9 - 15
      Abstract: ABSTRACT. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk melihat kualitas spermatozoa sapi Simmental pada pengencer tris kuning telur yang berasal dari tiga jenis unggas dengan variasi waktu equilibrasi. Semen ditampung menggunakan vagina buatan dari 2 ekor sapi Simmental dari BIB Tuah Sakato, Payakumbuh, Sumatera Barat. Penampungan dilakukan pagi hari, 1 x seminggu selama 10 minggu. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) dua faktor. Faktor pertama Jenis kuning telur yang digunakan (Puyuh, Ayam, dan Itik) dan faktor kedua adalah waktu equilibrasi (2, 3 dan 4 jam). Titik optimum ditentukan dengan uji regresi. Parameter diukur setelah thawing meliputi motilitas, viabilitas, abnormalitas, membrane plasma utuh dan recovery rate. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa penggunaan kuning telur asal ternak ayam menghasilkan motilitas 65.33%, viabilitas 67.7%, abnormalitas 15%, MPU 50% dan nilai recovery rate 87.11%, kuning telur itik menghasilkan motilitas 67%, viabilitas 72%, abnormalitas 12%, MPU 54%, dan recovery rate 89.5% dan kuning telur puyuh menghasilkan motilitas 65.00%, viabilitas 70.67%, abnormalitas 13.33%, MPU 51.33% dan nilai recovery rate 86.67%. Kesimpulan penggunaan telur itik dalam pengencer tris pada spermatozoa sapi Simmental dengan waktu equilibrasi 2 jam lebih baik dari waktu equilibrasi 3 dan 4 jam.  (Pemberian Asam Laktat sebagai Acidifier pada Pakan Probiotik terhadap Kinerja Protein Ayam Sentul) ABSTRAK. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengkaji penambahan acidifier dalam pakan yang mengandung probiotik terhadap kinerja protein pada ayam Sentul. Materi yang digunakan adalah ayam Sentul betina umur 6 bulan sebanyak 60 ekor yang dipelihara selama 2 bulan pada 20 unit kandang baterai, dan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 4 perlakuan 5 ulangan oleh sebab itu terdapat 20 unit percobaan dengan 3 ekor / ulangan. Variabel yang diukur meliputi kinerja protein (konsumsi protein, persentase protein hati, persentase protein daging dan massa protein daging). Perlakuan: R0: pakan basal; R1: pakan basal + probiotik dengan acidifier asam laktat 0,5%; R2: pakan basal + probiotik dengan acidifier asam laktat 1,0%; R3: pakan basal + probiotik dengan acidifier asam laktat 1,5%. Analisis data dengan analisis variansi (ANOVA) menggunakan IBM SPSS. Hasil analisis variansi menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan asam laktat sebagai acidifier pada pakan yang mengandung probiotik berpengaruh nyata (P<0,05) terhadap konsumsi protein, persentase protein hati dan persentase protein daging tetapi berpengaruh tidak nyata (P>0,05) terhadap massa protein daging. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa penambahan acidifier dengan taraf 0.5% dalam pakan yang mengandung probiotik dapat mengoptimalkan kinerja protein ayam Sentul.
      PubDate: 2023-03-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v23i1.20511
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Produktivitas dan Nilai Ternak Sapi Lokal serta Kerbau di Pasar
           Tradisional

    • Authors: Asti Fatmawati Fatonah, Rudy Priyanto, Henny Nuraini, Edit Lesa Aditia
      Pages: 16 - 24
      Abstract: ABSTRACT. Kebutuhan domestik daging sapi dan kerbau sebagian besar disuplai dari ternak lokal. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah karakterisasi produktivitas sapi Bali, sapi PO, dan kerbau serta nilai ternak di pasar tradisional berdasarkan kondisi ternak hidup, karkas dan non karkas serta komponen karkas dan non karkas. Penelitian ini menggunakan 17 ekor sapi lokal dan kerbau jantan, meliputi sapi Bali 6 ekor, sapi PO 6 ekor, dan kerbau 5 ekor dengan umur I2-I4. Data dianalisis menggunakan analysis of covariance dengan prosedur general linear model dan least square mean. Peubah yang diamati meliputi bobot potong, bobot dan persentase karkas, bobot komponen karkas, bobot dan persentase non karkas, bobot komponen non karkas, serta nilai ternak di pasar tradisional di daerah Bogor. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ternak lokal dengan produktivitas karkas dan daging tertinggi yaitu sapi Bali, diikuti sapi PO dan kerbau. Persentase karkas sapi Bali 50,39%, sapi PO 49,96%, dan kerbau 46,41%. Sapi Bali memiliki persentase total daging tertinggi yaitu 72,23%, diikuti sapi PO 69,54%, dan kerbau 67,61%. Namun, kerbau memiliki hasil non karkas tertinggi, diikuti sapi PO dan sapi Bali. Berdasarkan bobot karkas dan komponen karkas, sapi Bali memiliki nilai ternak tertinggi, sedangkan sapi PO memiliki nilai ternak yang tinggi pada non karkas. Sapi Bali dan sapi PO memiliki nilai ternak lebih tinggi dari kerbau. Sapi dan kerbau akan mempunyai nilai tambah tertinggi pada saat diolah menjadi komponen karkas dan komponen non karkas.  (Productivity and economic value of local cattle and buffalo in traditional markets) ABSTRAK. Domestic beef and buffalo supply mainly comes from local livestock. The purpose of this study was to compare the productivity of Bali cattle, PO cattle, and buffaloes, and their economic values for traditional markets based on live weight, carcass weight, and carcass and non-carcass component weights. This study used 17 heads of local bull and male buffaloes, comprising 6 Bali cattle, 6 PO cattle and 5 local buffaloes aged I2-I4. Data were analyzed using Analysis of Covariance, with the general linear model and least square mean procedures. Parameters observed included slaughter weight, weight and percentages of carcass, carcass components, non-carcass, non-carcass components, and their prices according to Bogor traditional market. The results showed that the local cattle with the highest productivity and meat yield were Bali cattle, followed by PO cattle and buffalo. The carcass percentage of Bali cattle were 50.39%, PO cattle were 49.96%, and buffalo were 46.41%. Bali cattle produced the highest meat yield 72.23%, followed by PO cattle 69.54%, and buffalo 67.61%. However, buffalo had the highest non-carcass productivity, followed by PO and Bali cattle. Based on carcass and its component weights, Bali cattle had the highest economic value, whereas PO cattle had the highest value on non-carcass weights. Bali cattle and PO cattle had higher economic value than buffalo. The ruminant animal had its highest added value when processed into carcass and non-carcass components.
      PubDate: 2023-03-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v23i1.22818
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Kualitas Semen Beku Sapi Limousin setelah Thawing Menggunakan Air Dingin
           dengan Lama Waktu yang Berbeda

    • Authors: Aulia Puspita Anugra Yekti, Rheta Eva Ramadhani Setiawan, Achadiah Rachmawati, Trinil Susilawati
      Pages: 25 - 32
      Abstract: ABSTRACT. Keberhasilan inseminasi buatan dipengaruhi oleh kualitas semen atau motilitas spermatozoa post thawing. Inseminator menggunakan air dingin (28oC) untuk thawing semen beku sedangkan SNI menyarankan thawing semen beku dengan air hangat (37oC) selama 30 detik. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh lama dan suhu thawing pada semen beku sapi Limousin terhadap kualitas semen serta mengetahui perlakuan terbaik dari penelitian ini. Materi yang digunakan adalah 50 straw semen beku sapi Limousin yang diproduksi oleh BBIB Singosari. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah eksperimental dengan 5 perlakuan dan 10 ulangan. Variabel yang diamati adalah Motilitas Individu spermatozoa, Viabilitas spermatozoa, Abnormalitas spermatozoa, Konsentrasi dan Total Motilitas Spermatozoa. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan analisis ragam Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) dengan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) kemudian diuji dengan Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) jika terdapat perbedaan nyata. Selanjutnya diuji Chi square untuk variabel motilitas individu, konsentrasi dan total spermatozoa dan dibandingkan dengan SNI untuk semen beku. Dari hasil penelitian, didapatkan bahwa thawing pada suhu 28°C dengan lama waktu 60 detik berpengaruh sangat nyata (P<0,01) terhadap viabilitas dan berpengaruh nyata (P<0,05) pada motilitas individu dan total spermatozoa motil. Sedangkan, konsentrasi dan abnormalitas spermatozoa memberikan hasil tidak berpengaruh nyata (P>0,05). Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah thawing dengan air dingin (suhu 28°C) selama 60 detik memberikan kualitas semen terbaik setelah thawing.  (Quality of Post Thawing Frozen Semen on Limousin Bull Using Cold Water with Different Durations) ABSTRAK. The quality of post-thawing semen influences the success factor of artificial insemination (AI). Inseminators usually used tap water (28°C) to thaw the frozen semen, while Indonesian National Standard used warm water (37°C) for 30 seconds. This study aims to determine the effect of thawing duration on the frozen semen quality of Limousin Bull and also to know the best treatment between the five treatments of this experiment. The material used in this study was 50 straws of frozen semen produced by Artificial Insemination Center Singosari. The method was an experiment method with five treatments and ten replications. the variables observed were individual motility, sperm viability, sperm abnormality, concentration, and total motile of sperm. The data obtained were analyzed statistically using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) of Randomized Block Design (RBD) and then using Duncan Multiple Range Test if there is a difference. Then using Chi-Square Test for individual motility, concentration, and total motile of sperm and compared with the Indonesian National Standard of frozen semen. The results show that a temperature of 28°C with a duration of 60 seconds is highly significant (P<0,01) to viability and significant (P<0,05) to individual motility and total motile of sperm. While, the concentration and abnormality of sperm give no significant effect (P>0,05). In conclusion, the temperature and duration of thawing at 28°C for 60 seconds show the best quality of post-thawing semen.
      PubDate: 2023-03-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v23i1.23331
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Kompetensi Teknis Peternak Sapi Potong di Kabupaten Timor Tengah Utara dan
           Kabupaten Belu

    • Authors: Ture Simamora, Anna Fatchiya, Dwi Sadono, Pang Suparman Asngari
      Pages: 33 - 39
      Abstract: ABSTRACT. Pembangunan peternakan yang bertujuan meningkatkan produktivitas sapi potong belum menunjukkan hasil nyata di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Hal ini disebabkan oleh peternakan rakyat masih bersifat tradisional dalam mengelola usaha sapi potong. Dengan demikian kompetensi menjadi aspek yang harus dimiliki peternak agar bisa mengelola usaha ternak secara benar dan menghasilkan produktivitas yang tinggi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis tingkat kompetensi teknis peternak sapi potong di Kabupaten Timor Tengah Utara dan Kabupaten Belu. Penelitian menggunakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan rancangan penelitian survei yang bersifat menerangkan (explanatory research). Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survei. Penelitian dilakukan di Kabupaten Timur Tengah Utara dan Kabupaten Belu. Jumlah sampel yang diambil di wilayah penelitian sebanyak 462 orang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan Tingkat kompetensi teknis peternak berbeda nyata antara Kabupaten Timor Tengah Utara dan Kabupaten Belu. Secara umum kompetensi teknis peternak kategori tinggi (rerata = 55,32) di kedua kabupaten tersebut. Kompetensi peternak perlu ditingkatkan dengan meningkatkan kualitas layanan penyuluhan yang sesuai kebutuhan peternak serta melakukan pelatihan teknis usaha sapi potong.  (Technical competence of beef cattle breeders in Timor Tengah Utara and Belu regencies) ABSTRAK. The development that aims to increase cattle productivity has not shown tangible results in the province of East Nusa Tenggara. This is because people's farms are still traditional in managing beef cattle business. Thus, competence is an aspect that must be owned by breeders in order to properly manage livestock business and produce high productivity. This study aims to analyze the level of technical competence of beef cattle breeders in North Central Timor Regency and Belu Regency. This research uses quantitative research with a descriptive research design (explanatory research). The method used in this research is a survey method. The research was conducted in North Middle East and Belu Districts. The number of samples taken in the research area was 462 people. The results showed that the level of technical competence of farmers was significantly different between North Central Timor Regency and Belu Regency. Competence needs to be improved by improving the quality of extension services according to the needs of breeders and conducting beef cattle business technicalities.
      PubDate: 2023-03-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v23i1.23918
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Analisis Kualitas Semen Ayam Lokal Indonesia Berdasarkan Galur dan Umur
           Dewasa Kelamin yang Berbeda

    • Authors: Nurul Azizah, Komarudin Komarudin, Nurul Pratiwi, Tatan Kostaman, Tike Sartika
      Pages: 40 - 45
      Abstract: ABSTRACT. Rumpun ayam lokal Indonesia sangat bervariasi dan berpotensi menghasilkan ternak dengan kualitas unggul. Evaluasi semen saat umur dewasa kelamin merupakan kriteria penting dalam menseleksi ayam pejantan untuk menghasilkan genetik yang unggul. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh perbedaan galur dan umur terhadap karakteristik semen ayam lokal yang dipelihara di Kandang Riset Ayam Balai Penelitian Ternak, Ciawi-Bogor. Evaluasi semen dilakukan pada 36 ekor ayam, yang dibagi atas tiga kelompok (ayam Gaok, Sensi-1 Agrinak Abu, dan Sensi-1 Agrinak Pucak), masing-masing berjumlah 12 ekor. Koleksi semen dilakukan dengan teknik massage abdominal pada umur ke-24, 28, 32, dan 36 minggu dari ketiga galur. Parameter yang diamati dalam penelitian ini meliputi volume, pH, gerakan massa, motilitas, dan viabilitas spermatozoa. Data dianalisis menggunakan analisis general linear model univariat. Perbedaan umur menunjukkan pengaruh signifikan terhadap volume, motilitas, dan viabilitas spermatozoa ayam (p<0,05). Volume, motilitas, dan viabilitas tertinggi pada umur 32 minggu sebesar 0,44 ml; 79,11%; dan 84,69%. Nilai pH signifikan terhadap tipe galur (p<0,05) dengan pH tertinggi 7,91 pada ayam Gaok. Interaksi galur dengan umur tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kualitas spermatozoa (p>0,05). Perbedaan umur memengaruhi kualitas spermatozoa ayam, tetapi variasi galur tidak berpengaruh signifikan.  (Analysis of male local chicken semen in Indonesia based on breed types and sexual mature age levels) ABSTRAK. Indonesian local chickens are very varied and have the potential to produce livestock of superior quality. Evaluation of semen at sexual maturity is an important criterion in selecting male hens to produce superior genetics. This study aims to determine the effect of differences in strain and age on the semen characteristics of local chickens reared in the Chicken Research Cage at the Livestock Research Institute, Ciawi-Bogor. Semen evaluation was carried out on 36 chickens, which were divided into three groups (Gaok chicken, Sensi-1 Agrinak Abu, and Sensi-1 Agrinak Pucak), and consisted of 12 chickens of each breed. Semen collection was performed using the abdominal massage technique at the ages of 24, 28, 32, and 36 weeks for the three strains. The parameters observed in this study include volume, pH, mass movement, motility, and viability of spermatozoa. The data were analyzed using general linear univariate model analysis. Differences in age showed a significant effect on the volume, motility, and viability of chicken spermatozoa (p<0.05). The highest volumes, motility, and viability at 32 weeks of age were 0.44 ml, 79.11%, and 84.69%. The pH value was significant for the type of line (p<0.05) on the highest pH of 7.91 in Gaok chickens. Line interaction with age did not significantly affect the quality of spermatozoa (p>0.05). The difference in age affects the quality of chicken spermatozoa, but the variation in the strain does not have a significant effect.
      PubDate: 2023-03-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v23i1.25747
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Tingkat Produksi dan Keragaman Vegetasi Hijauan Pakan di Padang
           Penggembalaan Berdasarkan Sistem Penanaman Berbeda

    • Authors: Iwan Prihantoro, Panca DMH Karti, Asep Tata Permana, Edit Lesa Aditia, Sherly Dwi Putri
      Pages: 46 - 53
      Abstract: ABSTRACT. Padang penggembalaan yang berkualitas baik akan menghasilkan produktivitas ternak yang optimal. Sistem penanaman hijauan pakan secara monokultur dan polikultur berperanan penting dalam menciptakan padang penggembalaan yang berkualitas baik. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengukur tingkat produksi dan keragaman vegetasi hijauan pakan di padang penggembalaan Balai Pembibitan Ternak Unggul dan Hijauan Pakan Ternak (BPTUHPT) Padang Mengatas berdasarkan sistem penanaman berbeda. Penelitian didesain menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) dengan dua perlakuan berdasarkan perbedaan sistem penanaman (monokultur dan polikultur) dan 4 ulangan. Data penelitian dianalisis menggunakan T-test paired sample berdasarkan perbedaan sistem penanaman. Peubah yang diamati adalah karakteristik warna dan pH tanah, tingkat keragaman vegetasi, dan tingkat produksi tanaman pakan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perbedaan sistem penanaman monokultur dan polikultur menghasilkan hasil yang sama baik dan tidak berbeda nyata (P>0,05) terhadap pH tanah, produksi biomassa tanaman dan kapasitas tampung. Visualisasi warna tanah adalah cenderung gelap dan pedok didominasi tanaman pakan sesuai desain penanaman, yakni Brachiaria decumbens pada sistem monokultur, Brachiaria decumbens, Panicum maximum, dan Cynodon plectostachyus untuk sistem penanaman polikultur. Kesimpulan dari penelitian bahwa tingkat produksi hijauan dan kapasitas tampung padang penggembalaan tidak berbeda nyata (P>0,05) antara perlakuan monokultur dan polikultur, tetapi cenderung lebih tinggi pada perlakuan sistem penanaman polikultur, yakni 4,86 ± 0,88 ST/ha/th dan 5,26 ± 2,42 ST/ha/th. Keragaman vegetasi dari rumput yang dikembangkan berdasarkan indeks nilai penting (INP) adalah tinggi dan dominan Brachiaria decumbens pada sistem monokultur. Begitu juga INP yang tinggi dan dominan dari tanaman Brachiaria decumbens, Panicum maximum, dan Cynodon plectostachyus untuk sistem penanaman polikultur.  (Production rate and diversity of forage vegetation at pasture base on planting system) ABSTRAK. Good quality pasture will produce optimum livestock productivity. Forage planting system both monoculture and polyculture have important role to provide good quality pasture. The objective of the research was to evaluate production rate and forage diversity at Center of Animal Breeding and Forage (BPTUHPT) Padang Mengatas based on different planting system. A completely randomized design with 2 treatments based on planting system (monoculture and polyculture) and 4 replication were applied for the research. Data was analyzed by T-test paired sample based on planting system. Parameters observed were color characteristics and soil pH, vegetation diversity rate, and forage productivity. Research shows that planting system by monoculture and polyculture provide similar result (P>0,05) for soil pH, biomass production and carrying capacity. Soil color visualization tend to be darker and paddock was dominated by Brachiaria decumbens for monoculture system, meanwhile Brachiaria decumbens, Panicum maximum, dan Cynodon plectostachyus were dominant for polyculture system. Production rate and carrying capacity of pasture were not significantly different (P>0,05) for both monoculture and polyculture system, but tend to be higher on polyculture system. The average production rate were 4,86±0,88 AU/ha/yr for monoculture system and 5,26±2,42 AU/ha/yr for polyculture system. Diversity of forage vegetation according to the Importance Value Index (IVI) was high and dominance for Brachiaria decumbens at monoculture system. In addition, it was similar result for Brachiaria decumbens, Panicum maximum, dan Cynodon plectostachyus with polyculture system.
      PubDate: 2023-03-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v23i1.28096
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Perubahan Morfologi dan Morfometri Saluran Reproduksi Kelinci Lokal
           Bunting Semu Hasil Induksi Menggunakan GnRH

    • Authors: Sri Wahyuni, Syafruddin Syafruddin, Muhammad Fathan Rizky Athallah, Tongku Nizwan Siregar, Mulyadi Adam, Roslizawaty Roslizawaty
      Pages: 54 - 63
      Abstract: ABSTRACT. Bunting semu pada kelinci dapat terjadi karena adanya induksi secara hormonal dan stimulasi fisik yang dapat menyebabkan perubahan pada morfologi saluran reproduksi. Salah satu metode induksi bunting semu adalah melalui injeksi GnRH. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi perubahan terhadap anatomi dan histologi saluran reproduksi pada kelinci lokal bunting semu yang diinduksi dengan penyuntikan GnRH. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan sembilan ekor kelinci betina lokal, berumur 1-2 tahun dengan bobot badan 1,8-2,2 kg. Kelinci yang dibagi ke dalam tiga kelompok perlakuan (n=3) yakni K1, K2, dan K3. Kelompok K1 (kontrol negatif), diinjeksi dengan 0,1 ml NaCl fisiologis tanpa perkawinan; K2 (kontrol positif), kelinci diinduksi dengan 100 IU PMSG, tiga hari kemudian dikawinkan dan diinjeksi 75 IU hCG; dan K3, kelinci diinduksi dengan penyuntikan 5 µg GnRH secara intravena. Pada hari ke-8 setelah perlakuan seluruh kelinci disembelih lalu saluran reproduksi diambil untuk pengamatan morfologi dan morfometri oviduk, kornua uteri, serviks uteri dan vagina lalu diproses secara histoteknik dan diwarnai dengan pewarnaan hematoksilin dan eosin untuk pengamatan histologi dan histomorfometri. Panjang oviduk, kornua, dan vagina kelinci memperlihatkan perbedaan yang nyata (P<0,05) antar K1 dan K2 dengan K3. Ketebalan lapisan muskularis ampula, lamina propia isthmus, lamina muskularis isthmus, tunika serosa isthmus memperlihatkan perbedaan yang nyata (P<0,05) antara K1 dan K2 dengan K3. Tebal lapisan endometrium kornua uterus K2 berbeda sangat nyata (P<0,05) dengan K3, namun tidak berbeda nyata (P>0,05) dibandingkan K1. Lapisan serosa serviks uteri K1 dan K2 berbeda sangat nyata (P<0,05) dengan K3. Histomorfometri vagina kelinci menunjukkan perbedaan yang nyata (P>0,05). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa induksi GnRH tidak menyebabkan perubahan morfologi dan morfometri saluran reproduksi kelinci lokal pada hari ke-8 setelah induksi.  (Morphology and morphometry changes of reproductive tract in the pseudo pregnant does using GnRH) ABSTRAK. Pseudopregnancy in rabbits can occur due to hormonal induction and physical stimulation that can cause changes in the morphology of the reproductive tract. One method of hormonal induction is GnRH injection. This study aimed to determine the anatomical and histological changes of the reproductive tract in pseudo pregnant local rabbits induced by injection of GnRH. In this study, nine local female rabbits, aged 1-2 years with a body weight of 1.8-2.2 kg, were divided into three treatment groups (n=3), namely, K1 (negative control): injected with 0.1 ml of physiological NaCl without mating, K2 (positive control): injected with 100 IU PMSG and then mated with male rabbits after three days of injection and followed by injection of 75 IU Hcg; K3 injection 5µg of GnRH intravena route. On the day-8 after treatment, all rabbits were slaughtered and the reproductive tract was collected for morphological and morphometric observation of the oviduct, uterine horn, uterine cervix, and vagina, and then processed histotechnically and stained with hematoxylin and eosin for histological and histomorphometric observation. The length of oviduct, uterine horn and vagina showed significant different (P<0.05) between K1 and K2 with K3. The thickness of the lamina muscularis of ampulla, lamina propia of isthmus, lamina muscularis of isthmus, tunica serous of isthmus showed significant different (P<0.05) between K1 and K2 with K3.The thickness of the endometrium of uterine horn was significant different (P<0.05) between K2 and K3, but not significantly different (P>0.05) with K1. The thickness of tunica serous of servical uterine K1 and K2 was significant different (P<0.05) with K3. Vaginal histomorphometry of rabbits was not significantly different (P>0.05). It can be concluded that the induction of GnRH did not changes the morphology and histology of the reproductive tract in the local rabbits on the day-8 after treatment.
      PubDate: 2023-03-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v23i1.25377
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Aktivitas Antioksidan dari Susu Pasteurisasi dengan Penambahan Ekstrak
           Kayu Manis (Cinnamomum burmannii) sebagai Minuman Kesehatan

    • Authors: Zuraida Hanum, Zikri Maulina Gaznur, Zahratul Aini, Ari Wibowo
      Pages: 64 - 69
      Abstract: ABSTRACT. Proses pasteurisasi membuat susu hanya dapat disimpan hingga 5 hari, sehingga diperlukan teknik pengawetan dan pengolahan lainnya untuk memperpanjang masa simpan susu pasteurisasi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah memperpanjang masa simpan dari susu sapi pasteurisasi dengan penambahan bahan alam berupa ekstrak kayu manis dilihat dari aktivitas antioxidant. Ekstrak kayu manis yang ditambahkan pada susu pasteurisasi sebanyak 1 %. Ekstrak kayu manis diperoleh dengan metode maserasi dan dipekatkan menggunakan rotary evaporator. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) yang terdiri dari 5 perlakuan penyimpanan (0 hari, 5 hari, 7 hari, 9 hari, dan 11 hari), setiap perlakuan diulang sebanyak 4 kali. Parameter yang dihitung meliputi uji storch, Total Plate Count¸ nilai pH, dan nilai antioksidan (IC50). Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan nilai storch pada susu pasteurisasi yang mengindikasikan kesempurnaan susu pasteurisasi dengan hasil pemanasan yang sempurna, nilai TPC masih dalam standar normal pertumbuhan mikroba sampai dengan hari ke 7, nilai pH normal sampai dengan hari ke 7 dan nilai antioksidan mengindikasikan bahwa penambahan 1% ekstrak kayu manis mampu mempertahankan nilai antioksidan dengan kategori sangat kuat. Kesimpulan yang diperoleh dari penelitian susu pasteurisasi dengan penambahan 1% ekstrak kayu manis memiliki daya antioksidan yang kuat dan memperpanjang masa simpan susu pasteurisasi hingga hari ke 7.  (The antioxidant activity of pasteurized milk with the addition cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmannii) as healthy drink) ABSTRAK. The pasteurization process makes milk only be stored for 5 days, so preservation and other processing techniques are needed to extend the shelf life of pasteurized milk. The purpose of this research was to extend the shelf life as antioxidant activity. of pasteurized cow's milk with the addition of natural ingredients in the form of cinnamon extract. The cinnamon extract added to pasteurized milk as much as 1%. The cinnamon extract was obtained by maceration method and concentrated using a rotary evaporator. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 5 storage treatments (0 day, 5 days, 7 days, 9 days and 11 days), each treatment was repeated 4 times. The calculated parameters include Storch test, Total Plate Count¸ pH value, and antioxidant value (IC50). The results showed that the storch value in pasteurized milk indicated the perfection of pasteurized milk with perfect heating results, the TPC value was still within the normal standard for microbial growth up to day 7, normal pH value up to day 7 , and antioxidant value indicated that the addition of 1% extract cinnamon is able to maintain antioxidant value with a very strong category. The conclusions obtained from research on pasteurized milk with the addition of 1% cinnamon extract has strong antioxidant power and extends the shelf life of pasteurized milk up to the 7th day.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v23i1.28380
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Suplementasi Nukleotida dan Ekstrak Kunyit pada Pakan terhadap Kualitas
           Kimia Daging Ayam Broiler

    • Authors: Kusbiono Jumadi Rahman, Elly Tugiyanti, Agustinus Hantoro Djoko Rahardjo
      Pages: 70 - 76
      Abstract: ABSTRACT. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengkaji pengaruh pemberian nukleotida dan ekstrak kunyit terhadap kualitas kimia daging ayam broiler pada periode finisher. Materi yang digunakan dalam penelitian yaitu DOC ayam broiler CP 707 Produksi PT. Charoen Pokphand Indonesia Tbk. sebanyak 168 ekor, yang dipelihara selama 42 hari. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan yaitu Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL). Terdapat 7 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan yang meliputi kontrol negatif: pakan basal + antibiotik zinc bacitracin 0,1 g/hari; N0K0 (kontrol positif): pakan basal + nukleotida 0 mg/kg pakan + ekstrak kunyit 0 mg/kg pakan; N0K1: pakan basal + nukleotida 0 mg/kg pakan + ekstrak kunyit 600 mg/kg pakan; N1K0: pakan basal + nukleotida 250 mg/kg pakan + ekstrak kunyit 0 mg/kg pakan; N1K1: pakan basal + nukleotida 250 mg/kg pakan + ekstrak kunyit 600 mg/kg pakan; N2K0: pakan basal + nukleotida 500 mg/kg pakan + ekstrak kunyit 0 mg/kg pakan; N2K1: pakan basal + nukleotida 500 mg/kg pakan + ekstrak kunyit 600 mg/kg pakan. Variabel penelitian yang diukur dan diamati yaitu kualitas kimia daging ayam broiler yaitu kadar kolagen, kadar lemak, kadar protein daging dan kadar air. Analisis data yang digunakan yaitu analisis variansi/analysis of variance (ANOVA) menggunakan IBM SPSS. Hasil analisis variansi menunjukkan bahwa suplementasi nukleotida dan penambahan ekstrak kunyit pada pakan berpengaruh nyata (P<0,05) terhadap kadar lemak dan kadar protein daging, tetapi tidak berpengaruh nyata (P>0,05) pada kadar kolagen dan kadar air. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa suplementasi nukleotida dan ekstrak kunyit menunjukkan perbedaan yang cukup signifikan pada kadar lemak dan protein daging ayam broiler karena memiliki nilai yang lebih baik dan efektif dibandingkan dengan kontrol negatif (zinc bacitracin) dan kontrol positif (ransum basal).  (Nucleotide supplementation and turmeric extract in feed on chemical quality of broiler meat) ABSTRAK. This study aims to examine the effect of giving nucleotides and turmeric extract on the chemical quality of broiler meat in the finisher period. The material used were 168 DOC broilers CP 707 produced by PT. Charoen Pokphand Indonesia Tbk. was kept for 42 days and used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). There were 7 treatments and 4 replications which included negative control: Basal feed + antibiotic Zink Bacitracin 0.1 g/day; N0K0 (positive control): Basal feed + nucleotide 0 mg/kg feed + turmeric extract 0 mg/kg feed; N0K1: Basal feed + nucleotide 0 mg/kg feed + turmeric extract 600 mg/kg feed; N1K0: Basal feed + nucleotides 250 mg/kg feed + turmeric extract 0 mg/kg feed; N1K1: Basal feed + nucleotides 250 mg/kg feed + turmeric extract 600 mg/kg feed; N2K0: Basal feed + nucleotides 500 mg/kg feed + turmeric extract 0 mg/kg feed; N2K1: Basalt feed + nucleotides 500 mg/kg feed + turmeric extract 600 mg/kg feed. The research variables measured and observed were the chemical quality of broiler chicken meat, namely collagen content, fat content, meat protein content, and water content. Data analysis with analysis of variance (ANOVA) using IBM SPSS. The results of the analysis of variance showed that nucleotide supplementation and the addition of turmeric extract to feed had a significant effect (P<0.05) on fat content and protein content of meat, but had no significant effect (P>0.05) on collagen content and water content. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that nucleotide supplementation and turmeric extract showed significant differences in the fat and protein content of broiler meat because it had a better and more effective value than the negative control (zinc bacitracin) and positive control (basal ration).
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v23i1.25600
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Aktivitas Enzim dan Kecernaan Pakan Domba yang Disuplementasi Complete
           Rumen Modifier (CRM)

    • Authors: Tri Laras Wigati, Fransiska Maria Suhartati, Sri Rahayu, Muhamad Bata
      Pages: 77 - 84
      Abstract: ABSTRACT. Penelitian bertujuan mengkaji pengaruh suplementasi complete rumen modifier (CRM) terhadap aktivitas enzim rumen dan kecernaan pakan domba. Delapan belas ekor domba jantan lokal umur 6 – 8 bulan dengan bobot rata-rata 18,60±2,11 kg dibagi menjadi 6 kelompok berdasarkan bobot badan. Masing-masing kelompok tersebut diacak untuk mendapatkan satu dari tiga perlakuan sehingga penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok (RAK). Konsumsi bahan kering yang diberikan adalah 4% dari bobot badan domba dengan imbangan bahan kering jerami padi amoniasi dan konsentrat adalah 60 dan 40%. Perlakuan yang diuji adalah penambahan CRM 0, 1, dan 2% dari bahan kering ransum untuk P1, P2, dan P3. Peubah yang diamati meliputi aktivitas protease, dan selulase rumen, kecernaan bahan kering, protein kasar, dan serat kasar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa suplementasi CRM menurunkan aktivitas protease rumen secara kuadrater (P<0,01) dengan aktivitas terendah pada taraf CRM 1,16%. Aktivitas selulase meningkat secara kuadrater (P<0,01) dengan aktivitas tertinggi pada taraf CRM 1,06% dengan aktivitas enzim sebesar 0,37 U/mg. Suplementasi CRM tidak berpengaruh (P>0,05) terhadap kecernaan bahan kering pakan. Kecernaan protein kasar dan serat kasar meningkat secara kuadratik (P<0,01) dengan kecernaan tertinggi dicapai pada taraf CRM 1,43% dan 1,69%. Kesimpulan penelitian, suplementasi CRM sebesar 1% - 2% mampu meningkatkan aktivitas enzim rumen dan kecernaan pakan pada domba. Taraf CRM 1% (P2) merupakan taraf terbaik untuk menghasilkan aktivitas enzim rumen dan kecernaan nutrien secara optimal.  (Ruminal enzymes activity and nutrient digestibility of sheep supplemented with Complete Rumen Modifier (CRM)) ABSTRAK. This research was carried out to study the supplementation of complete rumen modifier (CRM) to improve feed digestibility and rumen enzymes activity in lambs. Eighteen male local lambs age of 6 – 8 month with average body weight 18.60±2.11 kg were grouped into 6 blocks by initial body weight. Each group was randomly got one out of three treatments, so the experiment used randomized block design. Dry matter intake (DMI) was 4% of body weight which consisted of concentrate and ammoniated rice straw with ratio 60:40%. As a treatment were the addition of CRM to the concentrate of 0, 1, and 2% based on the diet for P1, P2, and P3 respectively. The variables measured were rumen enzymes activity (protease, and cellulose) and nutrient digestibility (dry matter, crude protein, and crude fiber). The result showed that CRM supplementation quadratically (P<0.01) decreased protease activity with the lowest activity at CRM 1,16% but increase cellulose activity quadratically (P<0.01) optimum at level CRM 1,06%. CRM supplementation had no effect (P>0.05) on dry matter digestibility. CRM supplementation quadratically (P<0.01) improved crude protein dan crude fiber digestibility optimum at CRM 1,47% and 1,69% respectively. In conclusion, CRM at a dose 1% - 2% can improve ruminal enzymes and nutrient digestibility in sheep. CRM dose 1% (P2) was the best dose to optimize specific enzymes activity and nutrient digestibility.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v23i1.26725
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Hubungan antara Ukuran Linear Tubuh dengan Bobot Badan Domba Texel dan
           Domba Awassi

    • Authors: Faris Eko Wahyudi, Sucik Maylinda, Tri Eko Susilorini
      Pages: 85 - 90
      Abstract: ABSTRACT. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara ukuran tubuh linier dengan bobot badan domba Texel dan Awassi. Materi penelitian adalah 35 ekor domba yang terdiri dari 20 ekor domba Texel betina umur 1-1,5 tahun dan 15 ekor domba Awassi betina umur 2 tahun. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah observasi dengan melakukan pengukuran ukuran linear tubuh dan penimbangan bobot badan. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara purposive sampling. Variabel yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah lingkar dada (LD), panjang badan (PB), tinggi pundak (TP), dan bobot badan (BB). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan yang sangat signifikan antara LD dan PB dengan BB pada domba Texel (P<0,01). Sementara itu, TP memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan BB pada domba Texel (P<0,05). Nilai korelasi dari yang tertinggi sampai yang terendah yaitu 0,82; 0,64; 0,48. Pada domba Awassi terdapat hubungan yang sangat signifikan antara LD dan TP dengan BB domba Awassi (P<0,01). Sedangkan PB memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan BB domba Awassi (P<0,05). Nilai korelasi dari yang tertinggi sampai yang terendah yaitu 0,89; 0,63; 0.73. Kesimpulan dalam penelitian ini adalah bahwa ukuran linear tubuh pada domba Texel dan Awassi seperti LD, PB, dan TP memiliki hubungan positif dengan BB.  (Relationship between linear body measurements and body weight of Texel sheep and Awassi sheep) ABSTRAK. The aim of this research was to find the relationship between linear body measurements and body weight of Texel and Awassi sheep. The research material was 35 sheep consisting of 20 female Texel sheep aged 1-1,5 years and 15 female Awassi sheep aged 2 years. The method used in this research is observation by measuring body linear size and weighing body weight. Sampling was done by purposive sampling. The variables observed in this study were chest girth (CG), body length (BL), shoulder height (TP), and body weight (BW).The results showed that the very significant relationship between CG and BL with BW in Texel ewes (P<0.01). Meanwhile, BH had a significant relationship with BW in Texel ewes (P<0,05). The correlation values from the highest to the lowest, which is 0,82; 0,64; 0,48. In Awassi sheep there is a very significant relationship between CG and TP with BW Awassi ewes (P<0,01). Meanwhile, TP had a significant relationship with the BW of Awassi ewes (P<0.05). The correlation value from the highest to the lowest, which is 0.89; 0.63; 0.73. The conclusion in this study is that linear body measurements in Texel and Awassi ewes have a positive relationship with body weight.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v23i1.24871
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Effect of Using Black Garlic Instead of Fresh Garlic in The Ration on The
           Performances and Blood Cholesterol Properties of Quail

    • Authors: Berliana Berliana, Nurhayati Nurhayati, Nelwida Nelwida, Raden Abdul Muthalib, Yun Alwi
      Pages: 91 - 97
      Abstract: ABSTRACT. This study aimed to determine the effects of using black garlic (BG) instead of fresh garlic (FG) in the ration on the performances and quail blood cholesterol properties. Two hundred 3-week-old female quails were fed five experimental diets for 8 weeks. Each treatment was repeated four times with ten quails each. The treatment diets were: T0= commercial feed (CF) without FG and BG supplementation, T1= CF + 3% FG, T2= CF + 2% FG + 1% BG, T3= CF + 1% FG + 2% BG, and T4= CF + 3% BG. The parameters measured were feed consumption, egg production, egg weight, egg mass, feed conversion ratio, meat quality, and blood cholesterol properties. This study found no significant (P>0.05) difference among treatment groups on feed conversion, egg weight, egg mass, total cholesterol, LDL, and HDL. Meat fat decreased significantly (P<0.05) by increasing levels of dietary black garlic. A diet with black garlic supplementation significantly increased feed consumption, egg production, and meat protein (P<0.05). It is concluded that substituting 100% garlic with black garlic in the diet could increase quail performance without adverse effects on blood cholesterol properties.  (Pengaruh penggunaan bawang hitam sebagai pengganti bawang putih dalam ransum terhadap performa dan kadar kolesterol darah puyuh)  ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan bawang hitam (BG) sebagai pengganti bawang putih (FG) dalam ransum terhadap performa dan kolesterol darah puyuh. Dua ratus ekor puyuh betina berumur 3 minggu diberi pakan perlakuan selama 8 minggu dan diulang sebanyak empat kali. Setiap unit perlakuan terdiri dari sepuluh ekor puyuh. Pakan perlakuan adalah: T0= pakan komersial (CF) tanpa suplementasi FG dan BG, T1= CF + 3% FG, T2= CF + 2% FG + 1% BG, T3= CF + 1% FG + 2% BG, dan T4= CF + 3% BG. Parameter yang diukur adalah konsumsi pakan, produksi telur, berat telur, massa telur, rasio konversi pakan, kualitas daging, dan sifat kolesterol darah. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa tidak ada pengaruh yang nyata (P>0,05) antar kelompok perlakuan terhadap konversi pakan, bobot telur, massa telur, kolesterol total, LDL, dan HDL. Lemak daging menurun secara signifikan (P<0,05) dengan peningkatan kadar bawang hitam dalam ransum. Pakan yang disuplementasi dengan bawang hitam nyata meningkatkan konsumsi pakan, produksi telur, dan protein daging (P<0,05). Disimpulkan bahwa penggantian 100% bawang putih dengan bawang hitam dalam pakan dapat meningkatkan performa puyuh tanpa memberikan efek negatif terhadap kolesterol darah.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v23i1.27604
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Pengaruh Substitusi Daun Indigofera dengan Silase Daun Pepaya serta Jenis
           Kemasan Berbeda terhadap Kualitas dan Sifat Fisik Wafer

    • Authors: Dewi Febrina, Iis Muliati, Anwar Efendi Harahap, Sadarman Sadarman, Fitrah Khairi, Novia Qomariyah
      Pages: 98 - 106
      Abstract: ABSTRAK. Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui kualitas fisik (warna, aroma, tekstur,) serta sifat fisik (kerapatan, berat jenis, kadar air) wafer dengan perbedaan komposisi substrat (substitusi daun indigofera/DI dengan silase daun pepaya/SDP) dan kemasan berbeda. Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) berfaktor (4x4), 3 ulangan digunakan pada penelitian ini. Faktor H merupakan komposisi substrat (substitusi DI dengan SDP) yaitu, H1= SDP 0% + DI 30%; H2= SDP 2% + DI 28%; H3= SDP 4% + DI 26%; H4 = SDP 6% + DI 24%; faktor N adalah jenis kemasan, N0 = tanpa dikemas; N1= plastik; N2= kertas; N3= karung goni. Kualitas fisik (warna, aroma, tekstur) dan sifat fisik (kadar air, berat jenis, kerapatan) wafer merupakan parameter yang diukur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan interaksi (P<0,01) antara komposisi substrat dan jenis kemasan memengaruhi aroma dan tekstur wafer. Komposisi substrat (P<0,01) sangat nyata memengaruhi berat jenis dan aroma wafer. Jenis kemasan (P<0,01) sangat nyata memengaruhi kualitas fisik (aroma, warna, tekstur) dan sifat fisik (kadar air). Substitusi 28% DI dengan 2% SDP pada wafer yang dikemas dengan karung goni menghasilkan tekstur wafer terbaik (tidak berlendir, tekstur padat dan kasar dan skor 3,44) dan substitusi 24% DI dengan 6% SDP yang dikemas dengan karung goni menghasilkan aroma wafer terbaik (skor 3,46 aroma khas wafer).  (Effect of substitution of indigofera leaves with papaya leaf silage and different types of packaging on the quality and physical properties of wafers)  ABSTRACT. The aims of this study to determine the quality of physical (aroma, color, texture) and the properties of physical (compactness, density, moisture content) of wafers with substrate composition (substitution of indigofera leaves/IL with papaya leaf silage/PLS) and different packaging. The study used a factored completely randomized design (CRD) (4x4) with 3 replications. The H factor is the composition of the substrate (substitution of IL with PLS), namely, H1= PLS 0% + IL 30% H2= PLS 2% + IL 28%; H3= PLS 4% + IL 26%; H4 = PLS 6% + IL 24%; factor N is the type of packaging, N0 = no packaging; N1= plastic; N2= paper; N3 = gunny sack. Parameters measured were quality of physical (color, texture, aroma) and properties of physical (specific gravity, density and moisture content) of wafers. The results showed that the interaction between the type of packaging and the composition of the substrate (P<0.01) affected the texture and aroma of wafers. Composition of substrate significantly (P<0.01) affected the density and aroma of wafers. The type of packaging significantly (P<0.01) affected the physical quality (aroma, color, texture) and physical properties (moisture content). Substitution of 28% IL with 2% PLS on wafers with gunny sack resulted in the best texture of wafer (coarse, dense and not slimy texture, score 3.44) and substitution of 24% DI with 6% SDP with gunny sack packaging with the best aroma of wafer (typical wafer aroma, score 3.46).
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v23i1.28277
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Optimalisasi Produksi Protein Mikroba Rumen Melalui Suplementasi Ekstrak
           Tepung Daun Sengon (Albizia falcataria) yang Mengandung Tanin Kondensasi

    • Authors: Afzalani Afzalani, Rahmi Dianita, Sinta Apriani, Raguati Raguati, R.A. Muthalib, Endri Musnandar
      Pages: 107 - 113
      Abstract: ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengoptimalisasi produksi protein mikroba rumen melalui suplementasi ekstrak tepung daun sengon (ETDS) yang mengandung condensed tannin (CT). Penelitian disusun dalam Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) yang terdiri dari 7 perlakuan 5 ulangan menggunakan uji in vitro. Ransum yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berupa rumput kolonjono (Brachiaria mutica) dan konsentrat. Perlakuan yang diberikan terdiri dari P0 = Ransum tanpa suplementasi ETDS (kontrol); P1 = Ransum + ETDS 1%; P2 = Ransum + ETDS 2%; P3 = Ransum + ETDS 3%; P4 = Ransum + ETDS 4%; P5 = Ransum + ETDS 5%; P6 = Ransum + ETDS 6%. Peubah yang diamati adalah pH, populasi protozoa, dan produksi protein mikroba (PPM). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perlakuan taraf suplementasi ETDS yang mengandung condensed tannin (CT) tidak berpengaruh (P>0.05) terhadap nilai pH, namun berpengaruh nyata (P<0.05) terhadap populasi protozoa dan PPM. Terdapat pola hubungan antara taraf suplementasi ETDS dengan populasi protozoa dan produksi protein mikroba dengan model persamaan Y= -0,2896 x2 + 1,2583 x + 8,1633 (R2 = 0,84) dan Y= -0,0764 x2 + 0,41x + 0,8257 (R2= 0,67). Suplementasi ETDS di atas taraf 3% memperlihatkan terjadinya penurunan populasi protozoa. Sementara itu, produksi protein mikroba terus meningkat sampai level suplementasi ETDS pada taraf 3 % dan selanjutnya mengalami penurunan. Dari penelitian ini disimpulkan bahwa suplementasi ETDS pada taraf 3% mampu menghasilkan produksi protein mikroba yang tertinggi. Populasi protozoa mengalami penurunan pada suplementasi ETDS pada taraf di atas 3%.  (Optimizing the production of rumen microbial protein through supplementation sengon leaf extracts (Albizia falcataria) containing condensed tannin) ABSTRACT. This study aimed to optimize the rumen microbial protein production through supplementation of sengon leaf extract (SLE) which contains condensed tannin (CT). The study arranged in completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 7 treatments and 5 replications using in vitro test. The ration used was kolonjono grass (Brachiaria mutica) and concentrate. The treatments consisted of P0 = Ration without supplementation of SLE (control); P1 = Ration + 1% SLE; P2 = Ration + 2% SLE; P3 = Ration + 3% SLE; P4 = Ration + 4% SLE; P5 = Ration + 5% SLE; P6 = Basic Ration + 6% SLE. The observed variables were pH, protozoa population, and microbial protein production (MPP). The results showed that the supplementation of SLE containing CT did not affect (P>0.05) the pH value, but significantly (P<0.05) affected the protozoa population and MPP. There was a relationship pattern between the supplementation level of SLE with the population of protozoa and MPP with an equation model of Y= -0.2896 x2 + 1.2583 x + 8.1633 (R2 = 0.84) and Y= -0.0764 x2 + 0.41x + 0.8257 (R2= 0.67). Supplementation of SLE above 3% indicates a decrease in protozoa population. Meanwhile, MPP continues to increase until the supplementation level of 3% and subsequently decreases. From this study, it was concluded that supplementation SLE at the level of 3% was able to produce the highest production of microbial proteins. The protozoa population decreased in the supplementation of SLE at levels above 3%.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v23i1.22473
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2023)
       
 
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