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Jurnal Veteriner
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1411-8327 - ISSN (Online) 2477-5665
Published by Universitas Udayana Homepage  [61 journals]
  • Gambaran Leukosit pada Proses Penyembuhan Patah Tulang Paha pada Tikus
           dengan Terapi Minyak Sasak Secara Topikal

    • Authors: Annita Vury Nurjunitar, Gunanti Gunanti, Deni Noviana
      Pages: 342 - 351
      Abstract: Sasak oil is one of Indonesia traditional medicine products that can help the fracture healing. This study was aimed to analyze the leukocytes profile of femoral fracture healing process in rat using sasak oil therapy topically. This study used 28 male rats which were divided into four groups. All rats underwent closed fracture surgery of the mid-femoral diaphysis and intramedullary pin inserting. The group of P0 was control, P1 was given 0,1 mL of sasak oil twice a day, P2 was given 0,3 mL of sasak oil twice a day, and P3 was given 0,5 mL of sasak oil twice a day topically over the wound sutures for eight weeks. Blood sampling was conducted one day before surgery, the 2nd, 6th, and 8th week after surgery. Generally, leukocytes of the P3 group on the 2nd week after surgery decreased then increased on the 6th and 8th week, except neutrophils. On the 2nd week after surgery, neutrophils increased above normal significantly (P<0,05) compared to the value before surgery. On the 6th week leukocytes, lymphocytes, and monocytes increased insignificantly (P>0,05) compared to the 2nd week. Meanwhile, neutrophils decreased significantly (P<0,05). The increasing and decreasing of those blood cells were still within the normal range and not different significantly (P>0,05) with the 8th week. This study showed sasak oil at a dose of 0.5 mL (P3) given twice a day topically was more stable, and it could accelerate cell regeneration as well as it did not cause allergies.
      PubDate: 2023-01-27
      DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2022.23.3.342
  • Titik Masuk Berisiko Tinggi Hewan Pembawa Rabies di Kabupaten Sumbawa dan
           Dompu, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat

    • Authors: Nurjumaatun Nurjumaatun, Eko Sugeng Pribadi, Okti Nadia Poetri
      Pages: 342 - 352
      Abstract: Rabies is a zoonosis caused by infection of Lyssavirus belong to Rhabdoviridae family.  Dompu and Sumbawa District, which are located on Sumbawa Island, West Nusa Tenggara Province, were designated as rabies outbreak in 2019.  This study was aim to qualitatively estimate the magnitude of the risk of rabies-carrying animals (RCA) entry at each entry point for RCA to Sumbawa and Dompu Regencies, NTB Province. The risk assessment was carried out following risk analysis guidelines of the United Nations World Organization for Animal Health (World Organization for Animal Health, Office Internationale de Epizootic, OIE), and referring to Australian Biosecurity methods. The uncertainty assessment refers to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).  The results showed that the entry points were in Lunyuk sub-District, Sumbawa sub-District, Labuhan Badas sub-District, Moyo Hilir sub-District, Moyo Hulu sub-District, Unter Iwes sub-District in Sumbawa District, and Pekat sub-District, Kempo sub-District, Manggelewa sub-District, Hu’u sub-District and Woja sub-Districts in Dompu District. Based on the research results, it can be concluded that rabies-carrying animals entry points in NTB Province are classified as high risk. The high risk at rabies-carrying animals entry points is due to the lack of public awareness and knowledge about rabies.
      PubDate: 2023-01-27
      DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2022.23.3.342
  • Studi Kasus Neoplasia Limpa dan Hati Anjing Shih Tzu dengan Pemeriksaan
           Klinis dan Ultrasonografi

    • Authors: Bintang Nurul Iman, Fitria Senja Murtiningrum; drh, M.Si, Dwi Utari Rahmiati, drh, M.Si, Gunanti Gunanti, Prof, Dr, drh, M.S, Deni Noviana, Prof, drh, Ph.D
      Pages: 352 - 359
      Abstract: Disorders of the spleen and liver are cases that are quite common in dogs, especially in old age. Ultrasonography (USG) of the abdomen is one of the diagnostic imaging tools to determine the changes and severity of disease in the hepatobiliary visceral organs and spleen. A 12-year-old, unneutered male Shih Tzu dog weighing 5 kg had clinical symptoms of vomiting, weakness, and a pain response when palpated in the abdomen. The examination was carried out at the VTH SVMBS IPB University. Abdominal ultrasound examinations were routinely performed every month from November 2021 to March 2022. The results obtained from a series of ultrasound examinations for five months showed that the size of the hypoechoic nodule in the spleen did not change significantly with dimensions of length x width x height of about 1.1 x 0. 8 x 1 mm. The texture of the liver parenchyma is not homogeneous in all lobes. Hypoechoic nodules were seen in all lobes of the liver. A Significant increase in the size of the nodules was observed in the left lobe liver in the second month of examination and did not change in the following month. Hematological examination of the blood showed that the dog had thrombocytosis and granulocytosis. The results of the blood chemistry examination showed that ALP and ALP levels tended to increase at each assessment. The conclusion is the dog was diagnosed with neoplasia in the spleen and liver
      PubDate: 2023-01-27
      DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2022.23.3.352
  • Ekstrak Cacalincingan (Oxalis barrelieri L) Sebagai Antibakteri Terhadap
           Staphylococcus aureus dan Escherichia coli Penyebab Mastitis Sapi Perah

    • Authors: Debby Fadhilah Pazra, Ikhwan Multida, Siti Nurlita, Mutia Sari
      Pages: 360 - 370
      Abstract: Cacalincingan (Oxalis barrelieri L) has a role as an antibacterial because it has contain flavonoids, tannins, saponins, phenols and essential oils. The use of Cacalincingan plant extracts as antibacterial against bacteria that cause mastitis in dairy cows has not been widely studied, so the research needs to be done. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Cacalincingan plant extract as an antibacterial against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli bacteria which are the cause of mastitis in dairy cows. The study used a completely randomized design with seven treatments and three replications to test inhibitory ability using wells diffusion method. The treatments consisted of various concentrations of Cacalincing plant extracts ranging from 5% (P1), 10% (P2), 15% (P3), 20% (P4), 25% (P5), 30% (P6) and 10% Iodine (P0) as controls +. The results showed that there was highly significant effect (P<0.05) in each concentration of Cacalincingan extract against growth inhibition of S. aureus and E. coli bacteria. The best inhibitory ability was found at a concentration of 30% with strong inhibition category on S. aureus and moderate category on E. coli, even the inhibition formed was more than 10% Iodine. This indicates that the Cacalincingan plant extract has effectiveness as an antibacterial against S. aureus and E. coli bacteria that cause mastitis in dairy cows. Based on these, Cacalincingan plant extract could be an alternative natural antiseptic to dip nipple in dairy cows so hopefully the incidence of mastitis in dairy cow can be decreased.
      PubDate: 2023-01-27
      DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2022.23.3.360
  • Use of Filter and Addition of Aeration on Growth of Red Tilapia
           (Oreochromis niloticus)

    • Authors: Muhammad Anwar Djaelani, Kasiyati Kasiyati, Sunarno Sunarno
      Pages: 371 - 379
      Abstract: This study wants to prove that the combination of using a filter and adding an aerator will get better results when compared to using only an aerator for the growth of red tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with two factors and two levels were used, there were consisting of unfiltered and filtered factors and two levels of aerators, one aerator and two aerators. Fish are kept in containers with a capacity of 150 liters of water with a volume of 120 liters of water. Red tilapia weighing 12±0.9 g was reared for 30 days. The variables observed were fish length, height, weight of fish, carcass weight and protein content of fish meat. Environmental factors observed included dissolved oxygen (DO), pH, temperature, ammonia, nitrite and nitrate content. Data analysis was carried out using analysis of variance (ANOVA) carried out using SPSS. Significant differences between treatments were tested by using the Least Significant Difference test (LSD). There is a significant differences for the each parameter (P<0,05) These results indicate that the use of a filter combined with the addition of an aerator increases the supply of dissolved oxygen which can improve water quality thereby increasing the growth and protein content of red tilapia. It can be concluded that the use of a filter combined with the addition of an aerator can be used as an alternative to improve water quality which has a positive impact on red tilapia productivity.
      PubDate: 2023-01-27
      DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2022.23.3.371
  • Cover, Editorial Board, Daftar Isi

    • Authors: I Wayan Batan
      Abstract: Cover, Editorial Board, Daftar Isi
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
  • Comparative Efficacy of Different Fixed Drug Combinations on Clinical
           Signs of Respiratory Disease in Starter Pigs

    • Authors: Candice Mabette Habawel, Listya Purnamasari, Joseph Peñano Olarve, Joseph Flores dela Cruz
      Pages: 297 - 305
      Abstract: The high occurrence of respiratory disease in pigs has led to the innovation of fixed-dose drug combinations (FDCs). A study was conducted to determine the efficacy of two FDCs on 15 starter pigs showing clinical signs of respiratory disease to determine its effect on their respiratory health and growth. Treatment 1 (T1) was the control group and did not receive any medication. Treatment 2 (T2) contains 90 g of Doxycycline, 40 g of Tylosin, 30 g of Paracetamol, 5 g of Bromhexine, and 500 mg of Prednisolone as active ingredients per kilogram. Treatment 3 (T3) contains 150 g of Amoxicillin Trihydrate, 100 g of Tylosin Tartrate, and 5 g of Bromhexine Hydrochloride as active ingredients per kilogram. The treatment gives at a therapeutic dose of 10 g/gallon of water twice a day for 7 days.The effects of FDCs were measured through clinical sign evaluation, gross pathologic lung lesion scoring, histopathologic examination, and evaluation of the production performance of the starter pigs using analysis of variance (ANOVA) for a Completely Randomized Design. Pigs treated with Treatment 2 had better clinical evaluation scores and production performance than Treatment 3. Histopathologic examination demonstrated minimal tissue repair in all FDCs studied. Improvement denotes that the treatment produces a positive effect.
      PubDate: 2022-09-30
      DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2022.23.3.297
  • Karakterisasi Molekuler dan Biologis Virus Fowl Aviadenovirus yang
           Diisolasi dari Peternakan Ayam Komersial

    • Authors: Aditya Ahkami Pratomo, Ifah Khairunnizak, Arini Nurhandayani, Michael Haryadi Wibowo
      Pages: 306 - 316
      Abstract: Fowl Adenovirus (FAdV) adalah virus penyebab penyakit unggas dengan lesi karakteristik benda inklusi yang ditemukan pada lesi organ, terutama organ hati. Penyakit tersebut menyebabkan kerugian ekonomi, berupa kematian ayam dan efek imunosupresi. Sejak tahun 2018, wabah FAdV atau dikenal sebagai penyakit inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) dilaporkan terjadi pada peternakan ayam broiler, di beberapa provinsi di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan isolasi, karakterisasi molekuler dan biologis pada telur ayam berembrio dan kultur sel hati embrio ayam. Sampel hati, bursa fabricius, dan limpa diperoleh dari 23 peternakan ayam komersial di Indonesia, yang terdiagnosis penyakit IBH sejak tahun 2018-2020. Deteksi molekuler dilakukan dengan teknik polymerase chain reaction (PCR), menggunakan primer spesifik gen hexon. Hasil amplifikasi positif, selanjutnya dilakukan sekuensing. Isolasi dilakukan dengan menggunakan telur ayam berembrio (TAB) specific pathogen free (SPF) dan kultur sel hati embrio ayam. Deteksi dan karakterisasi molekuler menunjukkan bahwa semua FAdV yang diisolasi dari peternakan unggas yang diperoleh dari kasus terdiagnosa penyakit IBH, dapat dikonfirmasi penyebabnya sebagai FAdV genotipe E, yang termasuk strain FAdV-8b. Isolasi pada TAB menunjukkan lesi perdarahan embrio dan pembengkakan pada organ hati. Propagasi isolat FADV tersebut menggunakan kultur sel hati embrio ayam, menunjukkan lesi sitopatik yang telah dapat teramati pada pasase pertama, berupa pembengkakan dan pembulatan sel yang terinfeksi. Wabah penyakit IBH pada ayam komersial dalam penelitian ini, dikonfirmasi penyebabnya adalah FAdV genotipe E, yang termasuk dalam serotipe 8b. Virus FAdV yang diisolasi pada TAB SPF menunjukkan lesi perdarahan embrio dan hepatitis. Virus FAdV yang diisolasi pada penelitian ini dinilai patogen pada embrio ayam SPF.
      PubDate: 2022-09-30
      DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2022.23.3.306
  • Karakteristik Struktur dan Morfometri Usus Besar Itik Bali (Anas sp.) pada
           Umur Berbeda

    • Authors: Yulia Khalifatun Nissa, Luh Gde Sri Surya Heryani, I Ketut Suatha, Ni Luh Eka Setiasih, Ni Nyoman Werdi Susari, I Made Sukada
      Pages: 317 - 327
      Abstract: Itik bali (Anas sp.) merupakan plasma nutfah asli Indonesia yang dimanfaatkan daging dan telur. Keberadaan itik bali masih kurang mendapat perhatian secara khusus mengenai struktur dan morfometri dasar organ penunjang kehidupan, khususnya usus besar. Seiring masa pertumbuhan, organ itik bali mengalami perkembangan bobot dan struktur. Hal ini yang menyebabkan adanya perbedaan morfometri pada usus besar di umur yang berbeda. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional non-eksperimental menggunakan itik bali jantan dengan tiga kelompok umur yang mewakili setiap fase, yaitu fase starter (1 bulan), fase grower (3 bulan), dan fase finisher (5 bulan. Hasil pengukuran sekum kiri dan kanan serta kolon itik bali umur 1 bulan meliputi panjang, lebar, dan berat secara berturut-turut yaitu 14,65±0,65 cm, 1,16±0,23 cm, 1,10±0,32 g; 13,70±0,87 cm, 1,01±0,24 cm, 0,96±0,41 g; dan 8,05±0,74 cm, 1,76±0,28 cm, 2,32±0,11 g.  Sekum kiri dan kanan serta kolon itik bali berumur 3 bulan berturut-turut yaitu 15,43±1,65cm, 1,05±0,06 cm, 1,83±0,20 g; 13,83±1,59 cm, 1,03±0,10 cm, 1,83±0,20 g; dan 9,08±0,81 cm, 2,15±0,26 cm, 4,66±0,88 g. Sedangkan sekum kiri dan kanan serta kolon itik bali berumur 5 bulan berturut-turut yaitu 18,45±1,34 cm, 1,09±0,96 cm, 2,16±0,32 g; 17,63±1,32 cm, 1,05±0,05 cm, 2,05±0,42 g; dan 10,33±1,50 cm, 2,21±0,23cm, 5,25±0,38 g. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan struktur anatomi dan histologi yang sama, tetapi dalam pengamatan morfometri dapat disimpulkan bahwa perbedaan umur memiliki pengaruh yang nyata terhadap peningkatan morfometri anatomi usus besar itik bali.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2022.23.3.317
  • Dermatitis Suppurative Mengikuti Infeksi Tungau Demodeks dan Sarcoptes
           pada Anjing Kampung di Jalanan Kota Denpasar

    • Authors: Ida Bagus Oka Winaya, Ida Bagus Windia Adnyana, I Ketut Berata, Ida Ayu Pasti Apsari
      Pages: 328 - 335
      Abstract: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui penyebab dermatitis dan kerontokan rambut pada anjing jalanan di Kota Denpasar.  Dilakukan pencatatan terhadap identitas 75 ekor anjing yang meliputi umur, ras, tipe rambut dan lokasi lesi pada permukaan tubuh.  Sampel biopsi kulit dengan ukuran 6 mm  diambil dari lesi kulit yang paling parah dengan tanda klinis hiperemia, gatal,  adanya krusta, bersisik/scaling, kebotakan/alopecia. Pengambilan sampel biopsi dilakukan dengan terlebih dulu memberikan injeksi anestetik  lokal dan dilanjutkan dengan pemberian spraying antiseptik setelah pengangkatan jaringan biopsi.  Sampel jaringan kulit kemudian difiksasi dalam larutan neutral buffered formalin 10%.  Setelah 24-48 jam dalam cairan NBF jaringan diembedding dalam blok paraffin dengan metode standar. Sedian dengan ketebalan 5 mikron selanjutnya diwarnai dengan hematoksilin-eosin (HE). Pemeriksaan histopatologi terhadap tujuh ekor anjing penderita dermatitis dan kerontokan rambut umur di bawah satu tahun ditemukan kumpulan tungau demodek di beberapa folikel bulu. Eksudat radang netrofil dan eritrosit juga ditemukan pada permukaan epidermis  yang nekrosis. Pada pemeriksaan terhadap 26 ekor anjing penderita dermatitis dan kerontokan bulu umur di atas satu tahun ditemukan 24 ekor anjing murni terinfeksi tungau demodeks dan dua ekor terinfeksi tungau demodeks dan sarcoptes.  Ditemukan juga adanya larva tungau demodeks di luar folikel rambut.  Larva tungau perifolikel terlihat dikelilingi oleh netrofil pada area dermis nekrosis, sedangkan pada anjing yang terinfeksi oleh dua jenis tungau hanya ditemukan respons radang ringan di sekitar folikel rambut. 
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2022.23.3.328
  • Penyebaran Kejadian Penyakit African Swine Fever di Kabupaten Manggarai
           Barat Tahun 2020-2021

    • Authors: Elisabeth Yulia Nugraha, Korbinianus Feribertus Rinca, Yohana Maria Febrizki Bollyn
      Pages: 336 - 341
      Abstract: Penyakit African Swine Fever (ASF) pertama kali dilaporkan terjadi di Desa Daleng, Kecamatan Lembor, Kabupaten Manggarai Barat pada bulan September 2020. Penyakit ini telah menyebar di seluruh Kabupaten Manggarai Barat dan menimbulkan kerugian ekonomi yang besar bagi peternak dikarenakan angka mortalitasnya yang mencapai lebih dari 90%. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memetakan penyebaran penyakit ASF yang terjadi di Kabupaten Manggarai Barat berdasarkan penelusuran laporan kejadian ASF, terutama yang telah diteguhkan secara laboratorium. Survei data penelitian ini memanfaatkan data sekunder, selain itu juga dilengkapi dengan borang kuisioner open ended yang akan ditanyakan ke para responden. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penyakit ASF berdasarkan pemetaan telah menyebar di dua belas kecamatan yang ada di Kabupaten Manggarai Barat. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, dapat disimpulkan ASF dalam tempo kurang dari satu tahun telah menyebar ke seluruh Kabupaten Manggarai Barat. Kasus penyebaran ASF di Kabupaten Manggarai Barat menunjukkan adanya campur tangan manusia karena masih mengacu pada sistem dan pola pemeliharaan yang semi intensif.
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2022.23.3.336
  • Trematodosis pada Sapi yang Disembelih di Rumah Potong Hewan Kabupaten
           Manokwari Propinsi Papua Barat

    • Authors: Purwaningsih Purwaningsih, Dwi Nurhayati
      Pages: 391 - 400
      Abstract: Trematodosis is one of economic disease caused by worm parasitic from group of trematode and their distribution found widespread on farm and livestock.  This study  was aim to determine the prevalence, distribution, and risk factor of trematodosis in livestock in Manokwari, West Papua abattoir.  Study was conducted on March until May 2018. Fresh sample feces were taken from 99 cattles per rectal in Manokwari abattoir with purposive sampling method. Samples examined with filtration and sedimentation modification method to identify the existence of egg trematode based on their morphology. Trematodosis prevalence obtained by analyzing data in univariate, and bivariate analysis used to examine trematodosis risk factor by chi-square test ('2) and odds ratio (OR).  The overall trematodosis prevalence in livestock in Manokwari abattoir were 52.53%, with the trematode found were 34.34% Fasciola spp., and 42.42% Paramphistomum spp.  Predisposing factors such as sex and season were not statistically significant association (P>0.05) with trematodosis prevalence of cattle in Manokwari abattoir. However, there was a statistically signifant association of trematodosis prevalence between age group (P<0.05), with odds ration 2.996.  Risk factor that play a role in the incidence of trematodosis is the age of livestock over two years. 
      PubDate: 2022-09-30
      DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2022.23.3.391
  • Characterization of Snakehead Fish (Channa striata) Meat Simplicia as Raw
           Material for Wound Healing Drugs

    • Authors: Rini Budi Arsih, Wintari Taurina, Mohamad Andrie
      Pages: 401 - 408
      Abstract: Characterization is the initial stage of standardization to determine the quality of simplicia. The quality of simplicia is influenced by raw materials, manufacturing process, the storage. Snakehead fish from natural ingredients has been shown to contain nutrients that can accelerate wound healing. This study aims to determine the characterization of snakehead fish (Channa striata) and snakehead fish meat simplicia originating from Sungai Itik Village, Kubu Raya Regency, West Kalimantan as raw material for wound healing drug preparations. Characterization was carried out biologically including habitat and morphology, physically including organoleptic, water content, ash content, and acid insoluble ash content, and chemically including protein and albumin qualitative tests. The results of the characterization of snakehead fish come from the waters around the Itik River with environmental conditions that are still not polluted. The head shape of the snakehead fish is like a snakehead, the body is blackish brown with dark band-shaped rows (striata), the belly is white to yellowish-white, and there is a labyrinth. The results of simplicia characterization of snakehead fish meat had a water content of 81.6% and 8.97%, ash content of 0.813% and 5.17%, and acid insoluble ash content of 0.02%. The results of the qualitative test of protein and albumin were declared positive for containing protein and albumin. Based on the results of the characterization that has been carried out, it can be obtained snakehead fish meat simplicia with good quality.
      PubDate: 2022-09-30
      DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2022.23.3.401
  • The Kejadian Pertama Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease Berdasarkan Studi
           Seroprevalensi di Provinsi Jawa Barat, Indonesia

    • Authors: Retno Setyaningsih, I Wayan Teguh Wibawan, Surachmi Setiyaningsih, Ekowati Handharyani, Sri Murtini, Ahmad Biharidin
      Pages: 409 - 414
      Abstract: Rabbit Haemmorhagic Disease (RHD) is one of viral diseases in rabbits that is still exotic in Indonesia. The RHD disease is caused by the Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease Virus (RHDV) which is a calicivirus of the genus Lagovirus, Caliciviridae family. The high genetic variation of the RHDV and the rapid spread have the potential to disrupt rabbit farm (rabbittery) production and trade activities, especially rabbit exports, which require clarity on the status and situation of RHD disease in rabbits in Indonesia. A case of suspected RHD in Indonesia was first detected in the Philippines where rabbits exported from Indonesia were detected to be seropositive to RHD which resulted in rabbit export activities to the country was stopped. There is no data on the presence of RHD disease in rabbits in Indonesia, so the seroprevalence study is useful to provide preliminary information on the presence of this disease in Indonesia. This study was conducted on 163 rabbits samples raised in the Lembang area, Bandung, West Java, which is known as the largest rabbit farming center in Indonesia. Rabbit samples were taken at rabbit farms spread across seven villages namely Lembang, Pagerwangi, Cikahuripan, Cikole, Sukajaya, Gudangkahuripan and Jambudipa. The rabbits serum samples obtained were tested using the Indirect Enzym Linked Immunosorbant Assay (ELISA) method to determine the titer of antibodies against RHD. Based on the results of the analysis, it is known that 120 out of 163 rabbit serum samples showed positive antibody titers against RHD.  The presence of antibody titers in rabbits on such farms can be preliminary information to be able to carry out further studies.
      PubDate: 2022-09-30
      DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2022.23.3.409
  • Prevalensi, Derajat Infeksi dan Sebaran Tungau Ayam pada Peternakan Ayam
           Petelur di Pulau Jawa

    • Authors: Upik Kusumawati Hadi, Susi Soviana, Husnul Khotimah
      Pages: 415 - 423
      Abstract: Ectoparasite infestation is a problem that is often found in laying hens. Mites and chicken lice are ectoparasites that are spread in tropical countries and become a nuisance in chicken farms. The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence and degree of infestation, and distribution of poultry mite in laying hens. This research was conducted in October-December 2018 in several areas of Java Island. The research areas include Kuningan and Bogor (West Java), Blitar and Kediri (East Java), and Purbalingga (Central Java). The study was conducted on 13 laying hens with a sample of 20 chickens in each farm. Chickens were taken directly from the cage and carried out a physical examination and observation of the presence of poultry mites. Kruskal-Wallis test was used to see the relationship between chicken body region and the number of each mite, as well as the effect of cage material on the degree of mite infestation. The results showed that all the farms studied were positively infested by poultry mites. The identification results showed that the types of mites that infested were Ornithonyssus bursa (positive on 3 farms) and Megninia ginglymura (positive on 13 farms). The highest mite population was in Farms 2 and 7 with an infestation prevalence of 100% in both farms. The thorax was the most common part of the body in O. bursa infestation, while M. ginglymura was most commonly found in the tail of poultry. It was concluded that there were two species of poultry mite infestations with different prevalence and degree of infestations on 13 commercial laying hens farms in Java Island.
      PubDate: 2022-09-30
      DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2022.23.3.415
  • Sejumlah Faktor yang Melandasi Persepsi dan Perilaku Dokter Hewan terhadap
           Resistansi Antimikrob dan Penggunaan Antimikrob

    • Authors: Vera Paulina Sitanggang, I Gede Hendra Prasetya Wicaksana, I Nengah Kerta Besung, Hapsari Mahatmi
      Pages: 424 - 431
      Abstract: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is the ability of bacteria to withstand the effects of drugs so that bacteria do not die after the administration of antimicrobials and the function of the drug does not work at all. This incident is caused by the uncontrolled use of antimicrobials which can cause a global crisis on human and animal health in the future. This study aims to determine the factors that influence the behavior and perceptions of veterinarians in the province of Bali on the use of antimicrobials and antimicrobial resistance. A total of 204 veterinarians were used as research samples through a survey using a Likert system and then the results of differences in veterinary responses to the frequency of prescribing were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis. The results showed that antimicrobials were given to half of the patients treated weekly, and the factors that influenced the administration of antimicrobials were the history of antimicrobial use, level of safety, experience, potency, side effects, and the risk of increasing antimicrobial resistance. The cost of culture testing and the price of antimicrobials are the biggest barriers for small animal veterinarians but not for livestock veterinarians. All respondents acknowledged that most sources of information on AMR were easy to obtain and useful for them. The group of veterinarians who practice small animals and livestock practitioners agree that AMR is a serious common threat in the future. This study provides important insights into the application of veterinary medical procedures in the province of Bali and will later become a reference in increasing regulation control over the use of antimicrobials.
      PubDate: 2022-09-30
      DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2022.23.3.424
  • Profil Total Bilirubin, Aktivitas Alanine Transaminase dan Total Protein
           Domba Garut pada Umur dan Status Fisiologis yang Berbeda

    • Authors: Sarmin Sarmin, Pudji Astuti, Claude Mona Airin, Nur Adianto
      Pages: 432 - 440
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the profiles of total bilirubin, ALT activity, and total protein in Garut sheep at different ages and physiological stasus.  A total of 36 head of Garut sheep with various physiological conditions (ewe, ram, female suckling lamb, male suckling lamb, female postweaning lamb, male postweaning lamb, young ram  aged six month, young ram aged one, pregnant ewe, and lactating ewe) was used in this research.  Blood samples were taken through the jugular vein in the morning before the sheep were fed. Then, the values of total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and total protein were analyzed.  The mean total bilirubin value of Garut sheep was 0.59 ± 0.49 mg/dL, influenced by age and not affected by sex or physiological status. The total bilirubin value of ewe lambs was the highest (1.85 ± 0.87 mg/dL) compared to the total bilirubin value at other ages. The average value of ALT activity in garut sheep was 18.84 ± 6.56 U/L, which is influenced by age but not affected by physiological status or gender. The value of ALT activity in female suckling lamb was the lowest (7.03 ± 0.81 U/L) compared to ALT activity at other ages. The average total protein of Garut sheep was 6.48 ± 0.83 (g/dL), which was affected by age but not affected by sex or physiological status. The lowest total protein was found in female suckling lamb (.51 ± 0.59 g/dL) compared to total protein values at other ages. It was concluded that age affected the values of total bilirubin, ALT activity, and total protein in Garut sheep.  Therefore, the age of Garut sheep should be considered in the interpretation of total bilirubin, ALT activity, and total protein.
      PubDate: 2022-09-30
      DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2022.23.3.432
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