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  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 125 journals)
Showing 1 - 22 of 22 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acrocephalus     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Alternatives to Laboratory Animals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Animal Research International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Animal Sentience : An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Animal Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Animal Welfare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Applied Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Archives Animal Breeding     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletim de Indústria Animal     Open Access  
Botanical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
British Birds     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
British Poultry Abstracts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak     Open Access  
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Ciência Animal Brasileira     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência e Agrotecnologia     Open Access  
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria     Open Access  
Derecho Animal. Forum of Animal Law Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
European Journal of Wildlife Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human-Wildlife Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Science and Products     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Animal Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Learning and Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Threatened Taxa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Jurnal Peternakan     Open Access  
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Media Peternakan     Open Access  
Natural History Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nigerian Journal of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Access Animal Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
People and Animals : The International Journal of Research and Practice     Open Access  
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Rangifer     Open Access  
Research Journal of Parasitology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Acadêmica : Ciência Animal     Open Access  
Revista Argentina de Producción Animal     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produção Animal     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Producción Animal     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de primatologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Scientific Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
South African Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
South African Journal of Wildlife Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Spei Domus     Open Access  
Stockfarm     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
TRACE ∴ Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Translational Animal Science     Open Access  
Tropical Animal Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Turkish Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Uluslararası Tarım ve Yaban Hayatı Bilimleri Dergisi / International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ursus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Veeplaas     Full-text available via subscription  
Vestnik Zoologii     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Veterinary and Animal Science     Open Access  
Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Wildfowl     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Zoologica Poloniae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0126-4400 - ISSN (Online) 2407-876X
Published by Universitas Gadjah Mada Homepage  [51 journals]
  • The Effect of PGF2α Injection on Post-Thaw Motility in Sperm of
           Nubian Goats

    • Authors: Aswadi Aswadi, Husnurrizal Husnurrizal, Mulyadi Adam, Tongku Nizwan Siregar
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the effect of PGF2α injection on the post-thaw motility (PTM) in sperm of Nubian goats. Three male Nubian goats (3-4 years) with good reproductive ability were used. This study used a 3 x 3 Latin square design. The experimental animals received a physiological NaCl injection as a control (P1); 37.5 mg of PGF2α (P2), and 75 mg of PGF2α (P3). Semen was collected using an artificial vagina with one-week storage intervals between treatments. The collected semen was then diluted and frozen using a simple freezing method. Observation of semen quality before freezing included macroscopic and microscopic examinations. Macroscopic examination consisted of volume, pH, color, odor, and consistency, while microscopic examination consisted of motility, concentration, viability, and abnormality. PTM examination was done by mixing a drop of sperm suspension and one drop of physiological NaCl on an object glass and covered prior to observation under microscope.. The results were analyzed using a Latin square pattern variant analysis, followed by Duncan's test. The PTM values of sperm (%) of Nubian goats in P1, P2, and P3 respectively are 28.71±10.24, 50.03±13.70, and 54.84±12.04 (P<0.05). Injection of PGF2α to Nubian goats by injection increased the PTM. 
      PubDate: 2021-02-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v45i1.57335
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • The Effect of Jamblang Leaves Extract (Syzygium cumini) Inclusion Skim
           Milk-Egg Yolk Extender on Motility, Abnormality and Viability of Aceh
           Cattle Spermatozoa Stored at 4ºC

    • Authors: Cut Intan Novita, Rosna Sari, Eka Meutia Sari
      Pages: 6 - 13
      Abstract: This research aimed to know the effect of the addition of jamblang leaves extract (Syzygium cumini) in skim milk-egg yolk diluent material on motility, abnormality, and viability of Aceh cattle stored at 4ºC. The research design used was Complete Randomized Design consisting of 5 treatment and 5 repetitions. The treatments consisted of J0 (SSKT), J1 (SSKT+ EDJ 0. g/ 100 ml), J2 (SSKT+ EDJ 0.4 g/ 100 ml), J3 (SSKT+ EDJ 0.6 g/ 100 ml) and J4 (SSKT+ EDJ 0.8 g/ 100 ml). The data obtained were analyzed descriptively by determining the mean value and standard deviation using Microsoft Excel. The research result indicated that the addition of jamblang leaves extract in skim milk-egg yolk diluent material maintaining the motility, viability and abnormality of the spermatozoa of Aceh cattle stored at the temperature of 4ºC. Based on the research that has been carried out,  it can be concluded that the addition of jamblang leaves extract in skim milk-egg yolk diluent material can maintain the quality of Aceh cattle spermatozoa, while the use of incorrect dose becomes toxic and disrupt the spermatozoa activities to cause death.
      PubDate: 2021-02-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v45i1.60455
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Phylogenetic Study of Madura Cattle Based on Mitochondrial Cyt b and
           D-loop Sequences

    • Authors: Nirmala Fitria Firdhausi, Achmad Farajallah, Dyah Perwitasari
      Pages: 14 - 20
      Abstract: Madura Cattle is one breed of local cattle from Indonesia. Madura cattle are estimated to originate from a crossbreeding between Bos indicus and Bos javanicus. Another presumption is that Madura cattle are the result of a crossbreeding between B. indicus males and mixed B. javanicus or Bos taurus. Tracing the history of Madura cross and another cattle phylogenetic based on maternal lineage can be done by analyzing the variation of the mitochondrial genome (mtDNA). The purpose of this study was to determine the clarity of the origin of Madura cattle based on maternal lineage using mtDNA markers Cyt b and D-loop. This research is expected to provide genetic information and the origin of Madura cattle, so that it can be used to help improve the breeding and conservation program for Madura cattle. The results of the phylogeny tree reconstruction, using the Cyt b and D-loop genes showed that Madura cattle originated from Sampang region (Polagan, Golbung, and Komis) were grouped into two types of maternal origin. Madura cattle clade I are grouped with B. indicus and B. taurus, while Madura cattle clade II are grouped with B. javanicus. A crossbreeding between B. javanicus and B. indicus is estimated to have been carried out since the entry of Hindu culture brought by the India peoples to Indonesia around 1800 years ago. The crossing between B. javanicus and B. indicus was then more intensively carried out at the time of the government's promoting the development of Ongol cattles (B. indicus) in the days of the Dutch East Indies. The length segment of Cyt b that can be amplified is 230 bp and the D-loop segment of varying length, 577 bp for the Madura 41 and 29 samples, and 624 bp for sample 32.  
      PubDate: 2021-02-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v45i1.48557
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Feed Evaluation Based on in Vitro Gas Production of Tropical Forages with
           Addition of Different Polyethylene Glycol (Peg) Level

    • Authors: Widya Kenshiana Putri, Cuk Tri Noviandi, Kustantinah Adiwimarta
      Pages: 21 - 26
      Abstract: This study aimed to determine the chemical composition and gas production based on fermentation in the rumen of nine types of forage tropical feed commonly used in Indonesia. The forages used in this study were: mahogany leaves (Swietenia mahagoni L. Jacq.), tayuman leaves (Bauhinia purpurea), bamboo leaves (Bambusa arundinaceae), canary leaves (Canarium indicum L.), tea leaves (Camellia sinensis), ketapang leaves (Terminalia catapa L.), lamtoro leaves (Leucaena leucocephala), tehtehan leaves (Duranta repens), and turi leaves (Sesbania grandiflora). Measurements of in vitro gas production were carried out at 10 observation points (2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 24, 36, 48, 72 hour). Tannin activity was measured for each sample at observation points using measurements of gas production divided into three groups with modified levels of polyethylene glycol (PEG), ie samples without PEG (P1); sample + PEG in the amount of 200 mgDM (P2); and PEG + samples of tannins contained in each forage based on literature studies (P3). Data were analyzed for a variance by following the factorial completely randomized design (CRD) pattern. Statistical analyzes were performed on all data by following the general linear procedure in PROC GLM from SAS. The data obtained were analyzed for variance at the 5% significance level. The results of gas production calculations showed that crude protein (CP) from each forage ranges from 5.75 - 22.37% where the highest CP was owned by turi leaves (S. grandiflora). The content of crude fiber (CF) ranged from 5.30 - 20.93%. The most optimal measurement of gas production was in the sample given PEG in the amount of 200mg/kg with a significant difference (P<0.05). The higher of the tannin content contained in the forage, the lower of gas produced. Measurement of tannin content showed that condensed tannin content varied from turi leaves by 0.20% to the highest in mahogany leaves by 8.60%. The addition of 200 mg/100mgDM of PEG optimizes the rate of forage gas production, especially for grass plants (gramineae).
      PubDate: 2021-02-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v45i1.58433
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Substitution of the Fermented Cocoa Pod Waste in to the Grass Based Diet
           on Performance of Bligon Goat

    • Authors: Engkus Ainul Yakin, Sri Sukaryani, Catur Suci Purwati
      Pages: 27 - 32
      Abstract: This experiment was aimed to evaluate the effect of fermented cocoa pod as feed for Bligon goats. Sixteen Bligon goat with a body weight of 11-13 kg were put into individual cages which were equipped with feed and drink containers. The study design used a randomized block design, where initial body weight in as peragam with four treatments and four replications. Fermented cocoa pod used Trametes versicolor. The experimental treatments were T1= 30% of fresh king grass + 50% of dried king grass + 20% of concentrate; T2= 30% of fresh king grass + 30% of dried king grass + 40% of concentrate; T3= 30% of fresh king grass + 30% of cocoa pod + 40% of concentrate; and T4= 30% of fresh king grass + 30% of cocoa pod fermented + 40% of concentrate. Observed variables were feed intake, body weight gain and feed conversion. The result showed that fermented cocoa pod at the level of 30% had higher (P<0.05) infeed intake (560.33 g day-1), body weight gain (101.79 g head-1day-1), and feed conversion (5.50) compared to other treatments. The conclusion of this study were the use of 30% cocoa pod fermented in the ration showed the best body weight gain and feed conversion on Bligon goat performance. 
      PubDate: 2021-02-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v45i1.61589
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Productivity of Different Local Sheep Breeds Fed by Water Spinach Straw

    • Authors: Hamdani Maulana, Endang Baliarti, Astrid Listia Astrini
      Pages: 33 - 37
      Abstract: The decline in forage production during the dry season has an impact on the growth performance of livestock at the level of smallholder. The development of agricultural system by utilizing dried agricultural by-product is an alternative solution to the problem of limited feed during the dry season. Production of water spinach reaches 12,697 tons of dry matter/year and has potential to be used as a fiber sources for livestock. Studies on the use of water spinach straw (WSS) as feed for local sheep have not been widely carried out. This study was aimed to determine the productivity of Garut sheep (GS) and thin tailed sheep (TTS) fed water spinach straw. The results of this study were expected to provide information on the use of dry WSS as a substitute for forage for local sheep for fattening purposes. GS (n = 26) and TTS (n = 27) with an age of 8-12 months and body weight ranging from 10-20 kg were feedlots for 42 days. Sheep are kept intensively in colony pens (4-5 head/pen) with an approaching of body size and body weight. Feeding is done every morning and evening. Drinking water is always available. WSS is given ad libitum and the concentrate is given increasing periodically according to the treatment phase, Starter (1-14 days), Grower (15-28 days), and Finisher (29-42 days). Data were analyzed using One way ANOVA, operated by SPSS 20.0 program. The results showed that GS and TTS had no significant differences in productivity (gain, average daily gain, feed conversion ratio, feed cost, and feed cost per gain) (P>0.05). GS and TTS had the highest gain in the starter phase (2.04±1.08kg and 1.99±1.02kg, respectively) then decreased in the grower phase (1.46±0.83 kg and 1, respectively. 55±0.77 kg) and the finisher (1.61±0.77 kg and 1.59±0.74 kg, respectively). Based on the results obtained, it can be concluded that the GS and TTS had good productivity when fed by WSS as basal feed. 
      PubDate: 2021-02-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v45i1.61764
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Off-flavor Production of Cihateup Duck Meat at Different Slaughter Ages

    • Authors: Maria Kristina Sinabang, Rukmiasih Rukmiasih, Tuti Suryati, Jonathan Anugrah Lase
      Pages: 38 - 46
      Abstract: This study aims to evaluate the age of off-odor detection to ensure more efficient and economical provision of antioxidants in the production of Cihateup ducks. This study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 3 different treatments of slaughter age, i.e. 4, 8 and 12 week. Each treatment consisted of 6 replications and each replication consisted of 13 ducks. The results showed that the percentage of fat content at the age of 12 weeks was higher than the age of 4 and 8 week. High fat-containing meat tends to undergo fat oxidation. High levels of Fe at 12 week of slaughter age cause high levels of myoglobin in duck meat. Fe2+ is a catalyst in the process of fat oxidation. the brightness value (L) is inversely proportional to the value a of Cihateup duck meat. The darker brightness of the meat causes the flesh to be redder due to myoglobin level in duck meat. The percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acids (ALTJG) is 4- and 12-week slaughter age lower than 8 week of age. The high levels of MDA at 12 week of slaughter age are due to fat oxidation which causes off-odor. Based on the result, the conclusion is that the high fat content, Fe content, color of Cihateup duck meat at 12 weeks of slaughter age caused the percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acids (ALTJG) to be low due to fat oxidation. Fat oxidation caused high levels of MDA in duck meat (12 weeks of slaughter age) resulting in Off-odors in Cihateup duck meat.
      PubDate: 2021-02-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i2.38428
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Characteristics of Goat Milk Kefir with Addition of Red Yeast Rice Extract
           During Storage

    • Authors: Dilla Melani, Nurliyani Nurliyani, Indratiningsih Indratiningsih
      Pages: 47 - 55
      Abstract: Kefir is one of milk products, produced by the addition of bacteria and yeast-containing kefir starter. This study aimed to evaluate the microbial characteristic, antibacterial activity, chemical and physical characteristics, antioxidant activity, and organoleptic characteristic of goat milk kefir which treated with angkak (red yeast rice) extract supplementation during storage. The study was initiated with milling to produce angkak flour, which then was diluted on sterilized distilled water on 1:2 ratio. Kefir were obtained by fermenting goat milk using 3% kefir grain for 18 hours at room temperature. Different treatments on the study were angkak extract supplementations on level of 0; 2; 4; and 6% for three different storage periods, i.e., 0, 7, and 14 days. The parameter of microbial characteristics observed on this study were total of lactic acid bacteria, TPC, total yeast, and antibacterial activity. Chemical tests performed on this study included the value of acidity, pH value, alcohol content, and water content. Meanwhile, the physical evaluations included viscosity, color test (brightness value, red value, and yellow value), and followed with antioxidant activity test on DPPH method and organoleptic test. Data from chemical, microbial, and physical evaluation were analyzed on one way ANOVA for these following parameters: total count of lactic acid bacteria, TPC, antibacterial activity, value of acidity, pH value, alcohol content, water content, viscosity, brightness value, red value, yellow value, antioxidant activity, and sensory values (alcoholic taste and acceptability). The analysis were further continued on two way ANOVA for total count of lactic acid bacteria, TPC, antibacterial activity on E. coli and S. aureus, alcohol content, viscosity, brightness value, red value, yellow value, and antioxidant activity. Meanwhile, the organoleptic characteristics were analyzed on non-parametric Kruskal Wallis, followed by Duncan’s multiple range test (DMRT).  Data were analyzed on computer program of Software Statistical Product and Service Solution (SPSS) version 18 for windows. The study revealed that angkak extract supplementation on goat milk kefir during 0, 7, and 14 days of storage had significant effects (P<0.05) on total count of lactic acid bacteria, TPC count, antibacterial activity, value of acidity, pH value, alcohol content, and sensory qualities (alcoholic taste and acceptability). There was an interaction between angkak extract supplementation and storage period on total count of lactic acid bacteria, TPC, antibacterial activity on E. coli and S. aureus, alcohol content, viscosity, brightness value, red value, yellow value, and antioxidant activity. As summary, supplementation of angkak extract at 6% level and 14 days storage periods increase the microbiological quality, viscosity, alcohol content, antioxidant activity, as well as its alcoholic taste-associated acceptability, and inhibit the growth of pathogens (E. coli and S. aureus).
      PubDate: 2021-02-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v45i1.12494
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Socio-technical Aspects of Smallholder Beekeeping Adoption of Apis cerana
           in Wanagama Teaching Forest, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta

    • Authors: Dwiko Budi Permadi, Nafiatul Umami, Ananto Triyogo, Rini Pujiarti, Bekti Larasati, Ratih Madya Septiana
      Pages: 56 - 65
      Abstract: The successful rehabilitation of Wanagama teaching forests, which began in the late of 1960s, has created a distinctive forest ecosystem. Currently the forests become the habitat of Apis cerana, enterprised by the surrounding villagers to produce natural forest honey as a non-timber forest product. This paper aims to explore the adoption of smallholder beekeeping of A. cerana, the beekeepers’ socio-economic characteristics, the potential and value of forest honey production, the distribution of bee-boxes inside the forests and potential tree sources of nectar and pollen. Data collection was carried out in July - September 2019 with in-depth interview techniques to 38 beekeepers. Field observations and ground checks were carried out on the sites where beekeepers were placing the bee-boxes in the forest. In addition, an analysis of aerial photograph images taken with drone was also carried out to identify the area of trees as sources of nectar and pollen. The results show that between 1982 and 2019 the development of the adoption of the A. cerana beekeeping increased significantly. The total production of honey from 506 bee-boxes reached 658 liters or 894.9 kg in year of 2018/2019. The number of bee-boxes placed in Wanagama was mainly distributed inside Compartment of 13, 17, 14, 16, 5, and 18. Acacia mangium, eucalyptus, cajuput and mahogany were the main types of nectar-producing trees, in addition to the abundance of flowering undergrowth plants. Many of the challenges faced by honey beekeepers included climate change, the shortage of nectar and pollen sources, pests and diseases and human disturbances. This research suggests the need for a social, institutional and technical approaches to increase the forest productivity as sources of nectar and pollen. It is suggested encouraging the smallholders to adopt beekeeping as the main livelihood alternatives in future and planting more trees in Wanagama forests.
      PubDate: 2021-02-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v45i1.58435
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Supply Chain Performance and Quality Measurement of Dairy Cow Concentrate
           in Cooperative toward Sustainable Productivity: a Case Study

    • Authors: Norma Nuraina, Atikah Nur Hamidah, Despal Despal, Epi Taufik
      Pages: 66 - 74
      Abstract: This research aims to measure supply chain performance of dairy concentrate in cooperative with the SCOR-AHP approach and develop improvement based on the performance result, and to analyze the quality suitability as a basis to develop a comprehensive quality standard and its quality control mechanism. This research was conducted at a dairy farmer cooperative located in West Java. The analysis used to measure the performance was supply chain operation reference-analysis hierarchy process (SCOR-AHP). For measuring the product quality, ten post-production concentrate samples, 27 samples after the distribution process, and 25 samples for homogeneity test from five mixer machines were taken. Concentrate quality parameters were moisture, ash, crude fat, crude protein, crude fiber, total digestible nutrients (TDN), and salt content. Post-production samples data were compared with Indonesian National Standard (SNI) using one-tailed one-sample t-test, samples data from the field were tested using two samples independent t-tests compared to post-production samples data, and homogeneity test was seen from the coefficient of variation value of the salt content. The results show that the supply chain performance value of dairy cow concentrate at the cooperative is excellent. The nutrient content complies with SNI, but the homogeneity of the mixture is classified as poor category. The nutrient content of samples taken from the field shows differences with post-production samples except for TDN. The excessive total cost can be utilized to enhance performance in generating a better quality product. The cooperative should enhance homogeneity by concerning the mixing process and maintain the quality consistency by reformulating, stabilizing the quality of feedstuff, and calculating stock properly to avoid longer storage.
      PubDate: 2021-02-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v45i1.60880
      Issue No: Vol. 45, No. 1 (2021)
       
 
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