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  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 107 journals)
Showing 1 - 22 of 22 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acrocephalus     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan / Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Alternatives to Laboratory Animals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Animal - Science Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Animal Diseases     Open Access  
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Animal Research International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Animal Sentience : An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Animal Welfare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Applied Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Botanical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
British Poultry Abstracts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria     Open Access  
Derecho Animal. Forum of Animal Law Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
European Journal of Wildlife Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hayvansal Üretim     Open Access  
Human-Wildlife Interactions     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Animal Science and Products     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Animal Ethics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Learning and Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Threatened Taxa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens     Open Access  
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Natural History Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nigerian Journal of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
People and Animals : The International Journal of Research and Practice     Open Access  
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access  
Rangifer     Open Access  
Research Journal of Parasitology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Producción Animal     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de primatologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies     Open Access  
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Society and Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
South African Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Spei Domus     Open Access  
TRACE ∴ Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Translational Animal Science     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access  
Uluslararası Tarım ve Yaban Hayatı Bilimleri Dergisi / International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences     Open Access  
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Veterinary and Animal Science     Open Access  
Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Wildfowl     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2141-1778
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [261 journals]
  • Occurrence pattern and threats to African manatee (Trichechus
           senegalensis) in coastal areas of Ondo State, Nigeria

    • Authors: O.M. Salami, O.S. Odewumi
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: The present study aims to assess the occurrence pattern and threats to African Manatee in the coastal area of Ondo State. 51 focus group discussions among the fishermen across 17 communities in Ilaje, Irele, Ese-odo and Okitipupa local government areas were carried out. Field observation as well as 100 well-structured questionnaires were purposively administered to respondents in the study area. A descriptive analysis was used to analyze the questionnaire using SPSS Data editor while data collected on the focus group discussions were analyzed qualitatively through thematic analysis. African Manatee has shown wide distribution in Ondo State with the presence of their indices. 68 damaged nets, 45 grazed vegetation, 5 Dungs, 2 ripples on water and 1 sound production by manatee was confirmed in all the major river (River Oluwa) and its tributaries in the coastal communities. 2 manatees were accidentally captured, 15 sand mining sites and noise pollution was observed in 12 coastal communities during the survey. 85% of the fishermen had negative perceptions towards manatee as a result of destruction of fishing nets and eating of crop cultivated. These threats have the potential to drastically reduce the population of this species if not checked. Therefore, sustainable conservation intervention programme in the coastal areas should be prioritized.
      PubDate: 2022-05-06
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Short note on observation of breeding activities of the Lander horseshoe
           bat (Rhinolophus landeri - Martin, 1837) within an urban area in
           southwest, Nigeria

    • Authors: T.E. Adeyanju, A.A. Alarape
      Pages: 10 - 15
      Abstract: This study made observations on breeding activities of the Lander Horseshoe bat in southwest, Nigeria. Bats were captured using mist nets placed in the ground storey at the University of Ibadan, southwest, Nigeria. Forty-two per cent of total R. landeri (n=14) captured in March, 2017 and between February-August, 2019 were breeding either pregnant or with pups. Though distribution of the species is believed to range nationwide, the last report on breeding activity was about forty-six years ago and with a data deficient status; this observation is the first record for the breeding activities of R. landeri on the southwest range of the species within Nigeria and therefore provide more information about the species in the region.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Rooting potentials of Ceiba petandra L. Gaertn stem cuttings in different
           medium and root growth stimulator

    • Authors: A.O. Ogunsiji, M.O. Majolagbe, A.O. Ogunwande, B.F. Awotedu, F.F. Adegoke
      Pages: 16 - 21
      Abstract: This study was conducted to evaluate the effort toward asexual propagation by stem cuttings in response to various root growth regulators and sowing media as alternative way for seedling production. Stems of C. Pentandra were carefully cut into three nodes size with surgical blade, the stems were quick-deep into the prepared solutions of Indole-3-Butyric Acid IBA, honey and coconut water attwo concentrations of 100 % and 50%with the control and sown into different sowing media (top soil, decomposed sawdust and river sand) in an equal moderately sized plastic sieves. Ten weeks after sowing, the results revealed that river sand medium had the highest number of leaves, root length, shoot length and number of roots at 1.07, 0.98, 1.26 and 1.28 respectively. The result also showed that coconut water performed better when compared with other root growth stimulators. This research study reveals that both river sand and coconut water irrespective of their concentrations performed excellently in stem cutting propagation of ceiba petandra seedlings.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of heavy metals in African giant land snail (Archachatina
           marginata): A comparison between wild and domesticated species

    • Authors: T.K. Adebowale, O.A. Akintunde, O.O. Oduntan, T.J. Omolade
      Pages: 22 - 26
      Abstract: This study examined the level of heavy metal in meat, shell and haemolymph of wild and domesticated African Giant Land Snail (Archachatina marginata). A total of fourteen (14) African Giant Land Snail were used for the study, seven (7) of which were purchased from Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta’s Wildlife domestication unit and the other seven (7) were sourced and handpicked from the institution’s premises. Data obtained were subjected to descriptive statistics and least significant difference was done to separate the means. The results showed that in the meat, shell and haemolymph of wild and domesticated African Giant Land Snail, the concentration of Arsenic (As) ranged from 0.002 to 0.003 while chromium (Cr) had mean value of 0.001 to 0.002. Also, Cadmium (Cd) and Lead (Pb) had the mean value of 0.001 to 0.002 respectively. Nickel (Ni) was too low to be detected in all the samples collected. Furthermore, the correlation between the meat, shell and haemolymph from wild and domesticated snail shows that the haemolymph of wild and domesticated snail was significant. The study concluded that the present levels of heavy metal in both wild and domesticated snail samples has no adverse effects since the metals are below WHO recommended levels. It is therefore recommended that proper monitoring of heavy metals in snail on regular basis should be encouraged in order to cater for the safety of the consumer’s health.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Non-linear tree crown ratio models in International Institute of Tropical
           Agriculture Forest, Ibadan

    • Authors: P.O. Ige, O.O. Komolafe
      Pages: 27 - 42
      Abstract: Assessment and monitoring of forest is a key tool for environmental purposes which are an integral part to sustainable management of the forest. Crown ratio is generally used to describe the ratio of the crown length to tree total height. The prediction of crown ratio is based on empirical models which aid in the development of accurate predictions for both individual and stand growth, as well as yield, which are useful tools for analyzing a variety of management and decisions making. However, no single model can effectively provide enough information for all stages of decision-making. As such, this study was aimed at the development of crown ratio for International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) Ibadan. Data used was collected from International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) Ibadan, Nigeria. Simple systematic line transects of four parallel transect of 200m apart were used for plot laying. Sixteen sample plots of 25m × 25m were laid for data collection, all tree with Diameter at Breast Height (dbh) ≥ 10cm were measured to determine No of stand per hectares (Ni/ha), Quadratic mean dbh per hectare (DQ/ha) and Volume per hectare (V/ha). The entire response variable for predicting tree crown ratio model was measured and computed (Crown Length - CL, Crown Diameter - CD, Tree Slenderness Coefficient - TSC, Tree Total Height - TH and Merchantable Height - MH). Data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistic using non-linear regression packages on R software at α0.05. Comparison of models was done using RMSE, R2, AIC and BIC. The stand comprises of 389 stem ha-1. The DBH, TH, N/ha, DQ, TSC, V and CD values ranged from 10– 170cm, 7.7m – 38.1m, 96 – 704, 18.047 – 52.655cm, 22 – 225%, 0.003 – 24.676m3 and 3 – 13.7m, respectively. The selected model for crown ratio is the Modified exponential model: CR= -0.81745+exp(0.05451CL-0.0934THT) (RMSE = 0.027, AIC = -1278.412, BIC = -1263.705 and R2= 0.906). The established crown ratio models have a substantial association with CL and THT, and may be successfully employed for crown ratio prediction investigations in IITA.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Inventory of parasitic plants (mistletoes) host range in forest and
           plantation community of Humid Forest Research Station Umuahia, Nigeria

    • Authors: S.A. Odeyemi, A.O. Koyejo, A.N. Ejizu, J.Q. Nwachukwu
      Pages: 43 - 52
      Abstract: The host range assessment was investigated in Humid Forest Research Station Umuahia between the year 2019 and 2020 with the view of documenting the host range species in the station premises. The visual method of counting was adopted in this study. Both angiosperm and gymnosperm tree species were examined. Out of 21 families that were investigated, 14 families were infected with parasitic plants. The remaining 7 families were found not being harbored mistletoes. These were Moraceae, Sapotaceae, Ebenaceae, Clusiaceae, Steculiaceae, Bombacaceae and Cupressaceae. At generic levels, 20 genera belonging to 25 tree species were infected with parasitic plants. The total number of individual trees harboring mistletoes were 84, out of which Tectona grandis took 28.56 %. The identified mistletoes species during the study were Agelanthus pungu, Phragmenthera incana and Phragmenthra capitata. They were parasitized 29.2%, 12.5% and 58.3% of infected tree species respectively. The study actually highlighted the host range species among gymnosperm and angiosperm tree species in the forest and plantation community of the study locality.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Assessment of wildlife conservation awareness level among secondary school
           students in Imo State Nigeria

    • Authors: A.N. Okeke, V.M. Egbe, M.C. Onyema, K.E. Oruh
      Pages: 53 - 59
      Abstract: This study aims at evaluating the level of wildlife conservation awareness among senior secondary school students in three distinct secondary schools, located at Owerri West Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria. The schools include: Ihiagwa secondary school (ISS), El-Betty Model secondary school (EMSS) and Nekede secondary school (NSS). Thirty copies of structured questionnaire were randomly administered to each school, given a total of 90 copies. Data were collected on personal characteristics of respondents (age, sex, and class), conservation awareness and level of awareness; and was analyze based using descriptive statistic. The results showed that the highest respondents (73.3%) fall within the age bracket 13-16 years old. Fifty-seven-point eight percent (57.8%) were females while (42.2%) were males. (37.8%) were from senior secondary one (SSI) while (31.1%) were from both senior secondary two (SS2) and senior secondary three (SS3) students, respectively. The conservation awareness result revealed that, majority (>70%) of the respondents were not aware of wildlife conservation (P<0.05) while (<30%) were aware (P>0.05). Those who are aware are not practicing wildlife conservation. This study recommends that conservation awareness education, mostly practice should be incorporated into the secondary school curriculum; to start on time to teach young children their responsibilities regarding wildlife conservation. Also, to create conservation awareness in all levels of education, through outreach, posters, news broadcast, interviews, and public lectures.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Socio-economic characteristic and factors affecting honey production
           income in selected Local Government in Ibadan metropolis

    • Authors: M.O. Adeokun, R.B. Omosekeji, D.O. Alpheus, R.O. Ogundeji, C.N. Chukwu
      Pages: 60 - 64
      Abstract: This study describes the socio-economic characteristics of honey producers and factors affecting income from honey in the study area. Ido, Ibadan South West, Ibadan North, Ibadan North East, and Ibadan South East LGAs were selected for the study. Seventy-five (75) respondents were identified using Snowball sampling techniques. Descriptive statistic was used to analysis the respondent’s socio-economic characteristic, multiple linear regression was adopted to determine the socio-economic factors affecting the income from honey activities. The demographic study of the respondents shows that 96 % and 4% were males and females respectively, 86.7 % and 13.3% were married and single respectively. Ages of respondent shows that 64 % were between the ages of 40-49 years. The educational qualification of the respondents shows that 53 % has had tertiary school education, more than half (55.3 %) of the respondents earn a monthly income ≥ ₦31,000. The significant factors of honey production in the study area include, Education at 5%, family size at 10%, gender at 10% and years of experience was also significant at 5%. From the study honey production is gender sensitive; most youth are not interested in honey production. It is therefore recommended that lucrative markets and mean of exports should be made available for homey product this will encourage youth to ventures more into honey production.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Constraints in the utilization of cassava processing techniques amongst
           agro-forestry farmers in Edo State, Nigeria

    • Authors: A.S. Yusuf, E.S. Omoghie, A.S. Adeleye, L.O. Akhideno, N.N. Akemien, D.K. Osazuwa
      Pages: 65 - 71
      Abstract: The study was carried out to investigate the constraints in utilization of cassava processing techniques among agroforestry farmers in Edo state. One hundred and fifty farmers were purposively selected using simple random sampling technique. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings revealed that socio economic parameters play key roles in the perceived effects of the utilization of the processing techniques. The challenges facing the farmers revealed that techniques are expensive which has a mean value of (M = 2.46); the techniques have high labour requirement which has a mean value of (M = 2.35). It also revealed that there is no significant relationship (p>0.05) between marital status(x2=0.733), religion (x2=2.701) and effectiveness in the utilization of the technique. However, sex (x2 =10.452) and labour size (x2=32.792) showed a positive significant relationship with effectiveness of the utilization technique. Also, the correlation analysis revealed that there is no significant relationship (p<0.005) between that cassava processing technique and the effectiveness of the utilization of the technique.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Appraisal of economically valuable trees in Lafia North Development Area
           in Nasarawa State, Nigeria

    • Authors: A.B. Hudu, A.I. Zagga
      Pages: 72 - 78
      Abstract: This study was carried out in Lafia North Development Area (LNDA), North East of Lafia, in Northern Central, Nasarawa State, Nigeria to appraisal economically value trees document data necessary for the conservation and management of the available spp of trees in the area. Trees serve many purposes and have great value economically, medicinally and aesthetically. Trees contribute substantially to the economy of the area as timber, firewood, charcoal and medicine. This paper highlights some of the Economic tree species commonly used by the people in and around the area, focusing on the identification, local names and usage. Thirty plant species belonging to Twenty families were identified. This study recommends the involvement of the local people in the conservation and management of trees in the area.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Effect of watering regime on the growth potential of Rothmannia
           longiflora
    Salisb

    • Authors: A.A. Kareem, A.O. Olaitan, G.O. Akinyemi, O.N. Sulaima
      Pages: 79 - 84
      Abstract: The study examined the effect of watering regime on the growth potential of Rothmannialongiflora by varying watering on the growth of R. longiflora seedlings at nursery stage. The experiment was laid down on completely randomized design with four watering regimes (once daily, twice in day, weekly and fortnightly) were applied to the seedlings. The treatments were subjected to varying volumes of water (50 ml, 100 ml, 150 ml, and 200 ml). The growth parameters were assessed weekly for a period of (12) weeks were plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves. The data collected were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) at 5% level of significance.Result showed that height of seedlings varied between 22.2 cm and 12.45 cm. Watering done fortnightly with 100 ml had highest mean value of 22cm followed by weekly watering with 200 ml (20.22cm) followed by daily watering 200 ml (19.03cm) and twice daily watering/200 ml (18.23cm)), while the least mean girth was observed in seedlings subjected to 50 ml daily watering with 4.5 mm, The number of leaves produced ranged from 16 to 20 leaves. Highest mean number of leaves was recorded in daily watering with 150 ml (20)), twice daily watering 150 ml (20) weekly watering with 100 ml (20), fortnightly 150 ml (20) and fortnightly with 200 ml (20). There is a significant different in height and the leave production.Inconclusion, seedlings of R. longiflora performed best when watered forthnightly fortnightly with 100 ml volume of water as highest value of seedling height and 150 ml volume of water of number of leaves produced and there was significant difference in height and leave number of the parameter in watering regime.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Preliminary study on some aspect of the ecology of Cercopithecus
           erythrogaster pococki (Grubb, Lernould and Oates, 2000) in Okomu National
           Park, Edo State, Nigeria

    • Authors: S.A. Ekaye, O.N. Dedekuma, C.O. Oke
      Pages: 85 - 92
      Abstract: The is a preliminary study on some aspect of the ecology of Cercopithecus erythrogaster pococki, the Nigerian white throated monkey. The study area was divided into three partitions; the forest reserve, the agro-forest and the oil palm / rubber plantation which are the three distinct habitat types in the area for adequate accessibility and count. Using partition count, the distribution and abundance of the Cercopithecus erythrogaster pococki were examined in 2019 with reference to the vegetation types in the Okomu National Park and environs (boundary). Using one-way analysis, Duncan at 95% confident interval, the distribution of C. erythrogaster pococki between the three partition was significantly different from each other and the number within each group. The homogeneity of variation shows that the distribution of C. erythrogaster within the forest compartment has a significant difference (p<0.05), while within the plantation showed no significant difference of distribution. It was observed that C. e. pococki do not have a specific migratory route but move in troops in association with Mona monkeys (C. mona) and red capped Mangabey monkey (Cercocebustor quatustor quatus) in the direction of fruiting plants.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Effect of different organic manure on the growth of
           Cedrelaodoratal. (red cedar)

    • Authors: R.T. Ibode, O.O. Akintola, A.A. Tunde-francis, O.I. Owolola, R.T. Afolabi, A.T. Ademigbuji
      Pages: 93 - 97
      Abstract: This study investigated the effect of organic manure (cow dung, poultry and pig manure) on the growth of Cedrelaodorata in order to determine the most suitable fertilizer for the plant growth. Cow dung manure (CM), poultry manure (PM) and pig manure (pig waste) (PIM) were used as fertilizers. Manure were weighed and applied as treatment to the soil at 50g of CM (TI), 50g of PM (T2), 50g of PIM (T3), 50g combination of CM, PM and PIM (T4) and topsoil as control (T5). The experiment was laid in a completely randomized Design (CRD) and replicated six times and heights stem diameter and leaf production parameters were assessed for 8weeks. The result of study showed that seedlings raised with the combination of all the manures (T5) had the highest mean value of 13.30 cm followed by 12.75) while T3 has the lowest mean height value of 11.55cm. The mean number was higher in the seedlings raised in T5 (73.70) and lowest in T1 with mean of 45.62 leaves.The stem diameter values of Cedrelaodorata seedling raised with treatment 5 had the mean highest stem diameter 3.78 -5.01 mm for the period of study followed by treatment 2 (3.67- 4.36 mm) while treatment1 has the lowest mean value of 2.50- 3.45mm. Application organic fertilizer had significant effects on all the growth parameters considered. This study has shown that organic manure enhanced the growth of Cedrelaodorata seedlings and production.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Diversity and abundance of avifauna species in Federal University, Gashua,
           northeast Nigeria

    • Authors: J.O. Eveso, L.D. Wakawa, R. Richard
      Pages: 98 - 109
      Abstract: The study examined the diversity and abundance of bird species at the Federal University, Gashua, Northeast, Nigeria. The campus was divided into four (4) distinct habitat types-Acacia Woodlot (predominantly with Acacia spp), Neem (predominantly with Azadiracta indica) area, Open Grassland, and Lake Area. Bird survey was carried out for four (4) months (October, 2019–January, 2020) covering late wet season till early dry season using the Point count method. Counting stations of 20 m radius each were randomly selected within each habitat with the minimum distance of 100 m between two counting stations. Bird count was from 06:30 h to 10:00 h in the morning, and 16:00 h to 18:00 h in the evening. Each habitat was visited twice in one day per week resulting in a total of 64 man-days, 128 count visits and 32 visits per habitat type. A total of 71 bird species in 32 families comprising of 13, 812 individuals in the wet season, and 16,682 individuals in the dry season was recorded in this study. The relative abundance of bird species across habitats was comparatively homogeneous throughout the wet season with the exception of Neem area (0.6). On the other hand, Open grassland area had the lowest abundance in the dry season (-1.6). The lake area had the highest abundance in both the wet (1.2) and dry (1.0) seasons. Bird species were more diverse and even, but less dominant in the lake area (H′=3.413; D=0.0374; e^H/S=0.8205), while the Open grassland area showed less diversity and evenness, with more dominance (H′=2.836; D=0.07304; e^H/S=0.6818) during the dry season respectively. Bird species were comparatively abundant and diverse, while revealing the need to plant more trees and protect the lake area which sustained the highest birdlife at the Federal University Gashua.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Population density and distribution of squirrels (Sciurus spp) in
           University of Ibadan Botanical Garden, Southwestern Nigeria.

    • Authors: S.O. Olajesu
      Pages: 110 - 118
      Abstract: The population status of squirrels at the Botanical Garden of the University of Ibadan (UIBG) in Southwestern Nigeria was assessed in this study. Total Count (TC) and Fixed Line transects were employed to collect data; GPS was used to establish five 0.4 km transects that were censured for squirrel species using standard technique. The information was analyzed using descriptive statistics. Eighty-seven squirrels belonging to 3 species: Funisciurus anerythrus (48.7%, 20.5/km), Heliosciurus gambianus (33.3%, 1.5/km) and Xerus erythropus (18.4%, 8.5/km) were recorded for abundance and density across sites respectively. Squirrels were sighted in clusters of one (73.6%), two (23.0%), three (2.3%) and four (1.1%) respectively. Encounter rate of squirrels was high (≥0.5) across all transects. 26 species of trees were identified belonging to 14 families of which Fabaceae and Moraceae had the highest occurrence (35.71%), while a total of 75 trees was recorded in squirrel habitat, Albizia lebbeck have the highest (13.33%) abundance, followed by Elaeis guineensis (9.33%). The habitat was dominated by litter (45.0 – 57.5%) and grasses (35.0 – 40.0%). The presence of these squirrel species and the density may be an implication of the habitat quality in terms of food availability, sleeping sites, level of disturbance and general management of the garden. Therefore, proper management should be guaranteed.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • A survey of tree species diversity in Akure Forest Reserve and Okomu
           National Park

    • Authors: O.S. Osabiya, S.A. Adeduntan, O.J. Akinbi
      Pages: 119 - 127
      Abstract: This research aimed to survey the tree species diversity in Akure Forest Reserve and Okomu National Park. The study was carried out in Akure Forest Reserve, Ondo State and Okomu National Park, Edo State. Sample plots of (100x100 m2) were demarcated in the Forest Reserves and sub-divided into smaller units of (25 by 25m2). Using 50% sampling intensity, data were collected from eight (8) plots in each Forest Reserves. Tree species were identified via their botanical names. Okomu National Park had 400 trees per hectare from 53 species and 26 families, whereas Akure Forest Reserve had 388 trees per hectare from 65 species and 30 families. A J-inverse diameter distribution was observed in the two Forest Reserves. A mean Diameter at Breast Height and basal area/ha of 32.90 cm and 48.76 m2/ha, and 20.16 cm and 16.56 m2/ha, were obtained for Akure Forest Reserve, and Okomu National Park respectively. Shannon-Wiener diversity index for, Okomu and Akure Forest Reserves were 3.52 and 3.83 respectively. It could therefore be concluded that the Forest Reserves are potential biodiversity places of interest if better conservation management efforts are employed. Therefore, conservation efforts should be stepped up in the Forest Reserves as they still contain important economic species.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Assessment of the fungicidal effect of Tithonia diversifolia leaf extract
           on rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis Müll. Arg.).

    • Authors: S.O. Olaniran, O.H. Adara, G.F. Hassan, B. Olufemi
      Pages: 128 - 134
      Abstract: This study was carried out to assess the fungicidal effect of Tithonia diversifolia (sunflower leaves) extract as a preservative material against fungal attack on rubberwood. The wood samples were cut into sample size of 20mm×20mm×9mm then oven dried at 103°C until constant weight was attained. The wood samples were treated with extracts of sunflower leaves prepared through three methods (methanol, hot water and cold water) and absorption and retention of extracts by wood samples were calculated. After treatment, the wood samples were exposed to three fungal species including Phanerochaete chrysosporum (white rot), Serpula lacrymans (brown rot) and Gilbertella persicaria (soft rot) for a period of 8 weeks followed by the assessment of weight loss. The result obtained revealed that hot water extract had the highest (40.84%) of preservative absorption by the rubber wood, while cold water extract indicated the least quantity (35.23%). The wood treated with methanol extract had the highest retention value of 3.52% while the lowest value was reported for the wood treated with cold water extract with 2.12%. Results obtained revealed that there was no significant difference (p>0.05) in the percentage weight loss of the treated and untreated wood samples. Untreated rubber wood samples had the highest percentage weight loss of 15.51% followed by cold water extract treated wood samples (14.17%) and samples treated with hot water extract (10.73%), while the least was recorded for wood samples treated with methanol extract (10.19%). These results implied that rubber wood samples treated with methanol extract exhibited only a minimal resistance to fungi, while the untreated wood samples exhibited the highest percentage weight loss. Therefore, it is clear that Tithonia diversifolia leaf extract did not give considerable protection to rubber wood against fungi attack due to the low content of tannin and flavonoid present in the leaves which could inhibit fungal growth, and there is a need for further research to find suitable bio preservatives for rubber wood.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Impact of credit facilities on value addition to some selected non -timber
           forest products in Orhionmwon Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria.
           

    • Authors: E.S. Omoghie, A.S. Adeleye, D.K. Osazuwa, U.F. Aliboh, V.B. Simpson
      Pages: 135 - 140
      Abstract: The study assessed the impact of credit facilities on value addition to some selected Non- Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) in Orhionmwon Local Government Area (LGA) of Edo State Nigeria. A multistage sampling technique was used to determine the sample for the study. Data was collected through structured questionnaire from respondents. The results of the study showed that majority (65.8%) of the respondents were between the ages 31-40 years. The results also showed that 34.2% of the respondents involved in NTFPs specialized in firewood business while a few 9% practiced snail production. Results further revealed that most of the respondents (51.4%) sourced their NTFPs from forest reserve areas while some sourced from the free areas. Chi-square test (p>0.05) showed that there was no significant relationship between the personal characteristics of the respondents and the income generated from NTFPs in the study area. It was observed that if respondents (rural dwellers) get credit facilities, their means of livelihood will be better off than it used to be. It was however recommended that community participation should be encouraged in NTFPs business so as to help alleviate poverty.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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