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  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 107 journals)
Showing 1 - 22 of 22 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acrocephalus     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan / Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Alternatives to Laboratory Animals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Animal - Science Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Animal Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Animal Research International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Animal Sentience : An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Animal Welfare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Applied Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Botanical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
British Poultry Abstracts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria     Open Access  
Derecho Animal. Forum of Animal Law Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
European Journal of Wildlife Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hayvansal Üretim     Open Access  
Human-Wildlife Interactions     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Animal Science and Products     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Animal Ethics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Learning and Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Threatened Taxa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens     Open Access  
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Natural History Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nigerian Journal of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
People and Animals : The International Journal of Research and Practice     Open Access  
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access  
Rangifer     Open Access  
Research Journal of Parasitology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Producción Animal     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de primatologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Society and Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
South African Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Spei Domus     Open Access  
TRACE ∴ Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Translational Animal Science     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access  
Uluslararası Tarım ve Yaban Hayatı Bilimleri Dergisi / International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences     Open Access  
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Veterinary and Animal Science     Open Access  
Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Wildfowl     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Animal Research International
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1597-3115
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [261 journals]
  • Dystocia in a ten month old West African Dwarf goat sequelae to faulty
           breeding practice

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      Authors: Foluso Bolawaye Bolaji-Alabi, Olumide Samuel Ajani, Abdulganiyu Yusuf, Matthew Olugbenga Oyeyemi
      Abstract: Breeding of underage animals, though not encouraged in animal husbandry is still very common due to poor management systems in local settings in Nigeria. Although the worldwide incidence of dystocia in small ruminants is low (<4 %), it is still one of the most presented cases in veterinary clinics. A ten month old female West African Dwarf (WAD) goat was presented at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Ibadan with complaint of difficult labour noticed two days prior to presentation. No medication or assistance was given before presentation at the clinic. It was reported that the animal was primiparous and was kept a under semi-intensive management system with other goats. On clinical examination, an oversize foetal head was stuck in the cervix with a left-lateral deviation of the head complicated by unilateral shoulder flexion. The fetus was dead as a brownish pungent smell was dripping from the nose and mouth. This article describes emergency caesarian section in an underage doe due to absolute fetal oversize.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Nutrient digestibility and nitrogen balance by Yankasa rams fed treated
           sugarcane bagasse supplemented with varying levels of yeast

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      Authors: Mujtaba Abubakar Mijinyawa, Owolabi Saka Lamidi, Salisu Bakura Abdu, Mohammed Rabiu Hassan, Aminu Garba Bala, Boma Victor Iriso, Abdullahi Abdu Nayawo, Suleiman Seyi Bello
      Pages: 4247 ̵ - 4247 ̵
      Abstract: A study was conducted to evaluate nutrient digestibility and nitrogen balance of Yankasa rams fed varying inclusion levels of yeast in bagasse based diet. Twenty (20) growing Yankasa rams were used for the study; the rams were allotted to four (4) dietary treatments in a completely randomised design. The metabolism trial lasted 21 days. The yeast was included at the rate of 0, 5, 6 and 7 g/kg respectively and the diets were offered at 3 % body weight. Data generated were analysed using general linear model procedure and significant differences were compared using Tukey test and contrast analysis. The crude protein (CP) content of experimental diet varied between 13.0 and 13.75 % while neutral detergent fibre (NDF), acid detergent fibre (ADF) and acid detergent lignin (ADL) ranged from 68.30 to 69.04 %, 32.60 to 33.53 % and 11.28 to 33.52 % respectively. The results of apparent nutrient digestibility showed that rams fed diet with 7 g/kg inclusion level had significantly higher (p<0.05) dry matter digestibility (DMD), crude protein (CPD), acid detergent fibre (ADFD), neutral detergent fibre (NDFD) and acid detergent lignin (ADLD) which were at par with rams fed diet with 0 g/kg inclusion level. Moreover, rams fed 6 g/kg inclusion of yeast had significantly higher (p<0.05) nitrogen retention and nitrogen retention as percentage intake which were at par with rams fed 0 and 5 g/kg inclusion of yeast. Conclusively, the study showed that increasing the inclusion of yeast increased the nutrient digestibility and nitrogen retention of Yankasa rams.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Carcass characteristics and meat quality of Red Sokoto Bucks fed treated
           and untreated bagasse with or without enzyme supplementation

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      Authors: Mujtaba Abubakar Mijinyawa, Owolabi Saka Lamidi, Salisu Bakura Abdu, Mohammed Rabiu Hassan, Aminu Garba Bala, Abdullahi Abdu Nayawo, Boma Victor Iriso, Fatima Haruna Ado, Hauwa Yusuf Kibiya
      Pages: 4254 ̵ - 4254 ̵
      Abstract: study was conducted to evaluate the effect of feeding treated or untreated bagasse with or without enzyme supplementation on the carcass characteristics and meat quality of Red Sokoto bucks. Sixteen Red Sokoto bucks averaging one year and weighing 10 ± 2 kg were used for the study. Four bucks were assigned per treatment and allotted to two dietary treatments with two level of supplementation in a completely randomized design. The enzyme was included based on the manufactures recommendation. The bucks were slaughtered and dressed according to normal dressing procedure and meat samples were analysed for moisture, protein and ash content. The result of the trial showed that there was no significant difference (p>0.05) in hot carcass weight and protein content between bucks fed bagasse with enzyme and bucks fed bagasse without enzyme. Bucks fed untreated bagasse without enzyme had significantly (p<0.05) higher dressing percentage (44.11 %) when compared to bucks fed treated bagasse with enzyme (42.58 %). The study concluded that treated and untreated bagasse with or without enzyme has no adverse effect on carcass and meat quality of Red Sokoto bucks.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Cytochrome P450 is implicated in permethrin resistance in Anopheles
           coluzzii populations from Delta State, Nigeria

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      Authors: Chioma Cynthia Ojianwuna, Victor Ngozi Enwemiwe, Ahmed Idowu Omotayo, Deborah Golley
      Pages: 4261 ̵ - 4261 ̵
      Abstract: Insecticide resistance is one of the major impediments threatening the control of malaria vector populations in Nigeria. The failure of WHO recommended control, especially with permethrin used for insecticide treated nets (ITNs) and indoor spray could lead to increase morbidities and mortalities, if left unattended to. This calls for sound management approach achievable through adequate knowledge of spread and mechanism of resistance. Hence, this study evaluated resistance status and involvement of metabolic resistance in Anopheles coluzzii populations from Delta State to permethrin. Anopheline larvae were collected from three Local Government Areas (LGA) and reared to adult stage at Entomology Laboratory, Delta State University, Abraka. Adult female mosquitoes aged 3 – 5 days were exposed to 0.75% permethrin using WHO bioassay method. Also, cohort were exposed to PBO and further exposed to permethrin. Exposed mosquitoes were identified molecularly. All identified mosquitoes were An. coluzzii. Exposure of An. coluzzii populations from Ika South, Ndokwa East and Ethiope West Local Government Area to permethrin recorded 62, 74 and 83 % mortality respectively. Mortalities in synergist assay were 99, 99 and 100 % respectively. Differences in mortality between permethrin and PBO/permethrin-exposed population were significant (p<0.0001). Knockdown Time (KDT50 and KDT95) was lowest in Ethiope West LGA. Considering increase in mortality value of the populations with exposure to PBO, this study presents evidence for involvement of cytochrome P450 in development of resistance in permethrin-resistant Anopheles populations from Delta State.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Ameliorative effects of ethanol extract of Syzygium aromaticum (clove) on
           indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer in albino rats

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      Authors: Emmanuel Nnaemeka Uhuo, Joseph Obinna Mba, Robert Ikechukwu Uroko, Mirabel Ogochukwu Chime
      Pages: 4270 ̵ - 4270 ̵
      Abstract: Impaired gastroprotection and increased gastric acid secretion has been attributed to decrease prostaglandin level which are important events in the etiology of mucosal ulceration. The study evaluated the ameliorative effect of ethanol extract of Syzygium aromaticum on indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer in rats. Forty five male albino rats of mean weight (105 ± 0.71 g) were used in this study. Rats were grouped into five groups having six rats per group. Gastric ulcer was induced with indomethacin (40 mg/kg body weight).Group 1 received feed and water only. Group 2 was the negative control induced with indomethacin without treatment. Group 3 received standard drug (omeprazole 20 mg/kg body weight). Group 4 and 5 were administered 100 and 500 mg/kg body weight of the extract respectively. Treatment was carried out once daily for 21 days prior to ulcer induction. Gastric secretions, antioxidant parameters and histopathological defects were evaluated. There was significant increase (p<0.05) in ulcer indices; gastric volume, acidity, malondialdehyde and nitric oxide levels in the negative control against the test group that received 100 mg kg of the S. aromaticum ethanol extract. Also, significant decrease (p<0.05) of these parameters were observed between the negative control and the positive control. Decrease in the ulcer indices were recorded in the group 3 compared with Groups 4 and 5. The protective effect of the S. aromaticum extract was buttressed by degree of percentage inhibition against ulceration. It is therefore; evident that the ethanol extracts of the plant can ameliorate indomethacin induced gastric ulceration.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Impact of substituted mulberry (Morus alba) leaves with guinea grass
           (Panicum maximum) on feed intake, milk yield and composition of lactating
           West African Dwarf does

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      Authors: Oluwaseun Adetomiwa Adebayo, Gladys Abiemwense Ibhaze, Gbenga Emmanuel Onibi
      Pages: 4281 ̵ - 4281 ̵
      Abstract: This study investigated the feed intake, milk yield and milk composition of lactating West African Dwarf (WAD) does fed fresh Panicum maximum which was substituted at five levels (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 %) with fresh mulberry (Morus alba) leaves and concentrate diet was fed alongside the forages. Twenty-five lactating WAD does were used for the experiment for fifty-six days. The does were divided into five groups of five does per group in a completely randomized design and housed in individual pens. Dry matter (DM) intake, milk yield and feed efficiency (FE) for milk production of the goats were measured. There were significant differences (p<0.05) in feed intake, milk yield and FE of the goats. DM intake increased from 612.44 – 676.85 g/day and milk yield from 204.96 to 454.25 g/day with the inclusion of M. alba in the diet. The feed efficiency was 0.33, 0.57, 0.69, 0.74 and 0.48 for 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 % M. alba diets respectively. Milk composition was not significantly influenced (p<0.05) by the level of M. alba leaves in the diet. Total solids in milk increased from 16.23 to 17.33 %; protein from 5.94 to 7.36 %; and fat from 4.03 to 4.71 %. In conclusion, supplementation of M. alba leaves in the diet enhanced feed intake and milk production in WAD does.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Pseudohermaphroditism in a captive male greater cane rat (Thryonomys
           swinderianus , temminck 1827): First case report

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      Authors: Casmir Onwuaso Igbokwe, Remigius Ibe Onoja, Innocent Chima Nwaogu
      Pages: 4293 ̵ - 4293 ̵
      Abstract: An adult captive male grasscutter weighing 8.50 kg was presented for dissection and research. At necropsy, uterus bicornis was present and well developed testes were found
      in the abdominal cavity. The uterine tubes, uterine horns, cervix and cranial vagina contained a yellowish-brown cheesy fluid. There was no evidence that ovaries were
      present in the specimen. Histologically, the testes showed a well-developed histoarchitecture while the uterus had thin myometrium, atypical endometrial mucosa and lacked coiled uterine glands. The epithelium in the cranial vagina was also hypoplastic, while the smooth muscle layers of the muscularis were scanty. This is the first reported case of pseudohermaphroditism in the greater cane rat.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Antioxidant, mineral and hydrophobicity properties of value added yoghurt
           made from tropical fruits

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      Authors: Gladys Abiemwense Ibhaze, Daniel Taye Akinbanjo, Samuel Olanrewaju Aro
      Pages: 4297 ̵ - 4297 ̵
      Abstract: In recent times, interests have been generated globally in the use of plant derived natural enhancers in the food industries due to their acceptability, palatability and minimal side effects on consumers’ health. This study examined the antioxidant, mineral and hydrophobicity qualities of yoghurts made from raw cow’s milk enhanced with tropical fruits and synthetic pineapple flavourants at 1, 7 and 14 days of storage. The antioxidant capacity showed that DPPH was highest (26.95 ± 4.56 % ) in orange flavoured yoghurt, while the FRAP value was superior (13.72 mg/ ml) in grape yoghurt. All samples showed low (0.01 mmol/ g) scavenging activity with ABTS. Storage effect indicated that antioxidants capacity assay was highest at day 1 with values 0.02 mmol/ g ABTS, 38.53 ± 1.00 % DDPH and 15 mg/ ml FRAP. Interaction effect revealed that grape yoghurt at day 1 had a stronger FRAP activity of 18.08 ± 0.04 mg/ ml, while the DPPH activity was superior (43.51 ± 0.29 % ) in pawpaw yoghurt at 14 day storage. Lemon yoghurt recorded the highest potassium and zinc concentrations (1164.14 ± 46.54, 50.08 ± 3.88 mg/ L respectively). Calcium concentration was highest in orange yoghurt (1629.83 ± 7.94 mg/ L). Pawpaw flavoured yoghurt showed superiority in sodium and iron contents (32.96 ± 2.01 mg/ L and 12.25 ± 0.23 mg/ L respectively), while synthetic pineapple yoghurt had the highest phosphorus (439.40 ± 8.93 mg/ L) concentration. L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus had the strongest hydrophobicity. Conclusively, indigenous fruits could enhance the nutritional value of yoghurt and also replace synthetic flavourants in yoghurt production.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Effects of methanol extract of Moringa oleifera leaves on acute
           indomethacin-induced haematological changes and gastrointestinal pathology
           in male albino rats

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      Authors: Chidiebere Chiemerie Ubachukwu , Victor Olusegun Taiwo
      Pages: 4308 ̵ - 4308 ̵
      Abstract: This study investigated the effects of methanol extract of Moringa oleifera leaves (MEMO) against indomethacin- induced haematological and gross gastrointestinal pathological changes. Indomethacin is known to cause pathology, especially ulceration of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Assessed parameters include complete blood count,
      gastric ulcer index (GUI) and intestinal ulcer index (IUI). Forty eight male rats, aged 14 – 16 weeks were randomly divided into 8 groups. Group A, distilled water; Group B, MEMO 250 mg/kg; Group C, MEMO 500 mg/kg; Group D, Indomethacin 125 mg/kg; Group E, MEMO 250 mg/kg + Indomethacin 125 mg/kg; Group F, MEMO 500 mg/kg + Indomethacin 125 mg/kg; Group G, Indomethacin 125 mg/kg + MEMO 250 mg/kg; Group H, Indomethacin 125 mg/kg + MEMO 500 mg/kg. Indomethacin-only rats showed a significant normocytic, normochromic anaemia compared to other groups. There was neutrophilia and mild lymphocytosis in the indomethacin-treated groups. Indomethacintreated rats showed varying degrees of GIT haemorrhages, erosions and ulceration. The group treated with only indomethacin showed a significantly higher GUI and IUI compared to other groups. The rats treated with both indomethacin and MEMO had significantly reduced GIT lesions. From 36 – 84 hours post-treatment however, all indomethacin-treated rats showed a significant increase in GUI and IUI when compared to values recorded at 24 hours. The results of this study show that MEMO is protective against the toxicity of indomethacin. Follow-up dosing of MEMO however seems to be necessary to sustain its protective activity. Administration of MEMO before Indomethacin showed better prospects in the GIT than when administered afterwards.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Hospital based study of malaria parasites in Awka Metropolis, Awka South
           Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria

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      Authors: Emmanuel Okwudili Ogbuefi , Blessing Chidinma Umeh, Nwanneka Victoria; Elosiuba , Chinedu Prosper Ugoeze , Chukwuebuka Uzochukwu Uzochukwu , Ifeanyi Emmanuel Obiefula
      Pages: 4324 ̵ - 4324 ̵
      Abstract: A hospital based study of malaria parasite was carried out in three hospitals namely: Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University Teaching Hospital, Eldorado Multi-Specialist Hospital and Nnamdi Azikiwe University Medical Center in Awka Metropolis in Anambra State, Nigeria between the months of June and July 2021. 144 patients were examined to detect the presence of malaria parasite using field stain and RDT methods. The result from the study showed a total of 60.42 % prevalence of malaria parasite from the studied locations. The female had the highest prevalence of 67.47 % and 21 – 30 years aged patients recorded the highest prevalence of 72.41 %. Malaria intensity among patients showed that 60.92 % had mild infection while 36.78 % had moderate and 1.15 % had heavy infection although it was not statistically significant (p>0.05). Prevalence in relation to hospitals showed that Nnamdi Azikiwe University Medical Centre had the highest infection rate of 68.75 % while Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University Teaching Hospital had the least prevalence of 53.66 %. Malaria prevalence at 60.42 % among patients attending hospitals in Awka Metropolis was alarming especially when compared with World Health Organization pre-elimination phase prevalence of 5.00 %. Following the high prevalence of malaria infection, more effort is needed in the control of malaria through public enlightenment, prompt diagnosis, and use of insecticides treated bed nets and repellants towards achieving malaria elimination in Awka Metropolis, Awka South Local Government Area, Anambra State, Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Microbial assemblage of the anatomical parts of gercacinid crab from a
           tropical mangrove swamp

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      Authors: Aderonke Omolara Lawal-Are , Rasheed Olatunji Moruf , Ibukun Joshua; Ojetola, Amii Isaac Obiakara-Amaechi , Binta Isyaku Usman
      Pages: 4333 ̵ - 4333 ̵
      Abstract: The microbial assemblage and occurrence in the gut, flesh and shell of Cardisoma armatum, from the tropical mangrove swamp of Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria, was analysed using standard microbiological techniques. The crab gut had the highest total heterotrophic bacteria count and total coliform count with respective significant (p<0.05) values of 6.90 ± 0.16 x104CFU g-1 and 3.45 ± 0.12 x102CFU g-1. Total feacal coliform of the crabs were 0.05 ± 0.00 x102CFU g-1, 0.01 ± 0.00 x102Cfu g-1 and 0.01 ± 0.00 x102CFU g-1 in gut, flesh and shell, respectively. Highest total fungal count of 7.50 ± 0.04 x103CFU g-1 was recorded in the crab shell. The bacteria and fungi species isolated and their frequencies of occurrences in percentage were: Bacillus sp. (21.4 %), Citrobacter sp. (3.6 %) Enterobacter sp. (7.1 %), Escherichia coli (10.7 %), Klesiellia pneumonia (17.9 %), Providencia sp. (3.6 %), Serratia sp. (10.7 %), Staphylococcus aureus (10.7 %), S. epidermis (7.1 %), Vibrio sp. (7.1 %), Aspergillus flavus (8.6 %), Aspergillus fumigatu (5.7 %), Aspergillus niger (40.0 %), Fusarium sp. (14.3 %), Penicillium sp. (5.7 %) and Saccharomyces sp. (25.7 %). The isolation rates in the different anatomical sites of the crab follow the order: guts > flesh > shell and shell > flesh > guts for bacterial and fungi infestation respectively. The results of this study showed that the gercacinid crab, C. armatum in the tropical mangrove of Lagos harbours microorganisms including those that are pathogenic
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Exposure to atrazine altered postembryonic organs development, functions
           and growth performance of Clarias gariepinus catfish juveniles

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      Authors: Prosper Ashibudike Opute, Favour Osemwegie, Elizabeth Omouwa Sanni, Nosakhare Osazee Erhunmwunse
      Pages: 4343 ̵ - 4343 ̵
      Abstract: Atrazine is a selective pre- and post-emergence herbicide for the control of weeds. Decades after being banned, atrazine remains the most abundant pesticide in water bodies. This study evaluated the toxic effects of atrazine on the post-embryonic development of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Catfish juveniles of 0.89 ± 0.06 cm and with an average weight of 0.01 ± 0.005 g were exposed to five different concentrations (0, 0.03, 0.3, 3.0 and 30 μgL-1) of atrazine in three replicates. The catfish juveniles mortality were significantly increased with increasing atrazine concentrations (p<0.05). Probit analysis showed 48 hours LC50 of atrazine at 0.68   μgL-1 with 100 % mortality at 30 μgL-1. Significant reduction (p<0.05) was observed in the specific growth rate (SGR) and the relative growth rate (RGR) with increasing concentration of Atrazine treatment. Histological assessment revealed disintegration of the nervous tissues, vacuolization of the epithelium of the anterior intestine, loss of gill cytoarchitecture and distortions of the intestine in all atrazine-treatment groups. Our results show that environmentally realistic concentrations (0.30 – 30.00 μgL-1) of atrazine in the aquatic environment may adversely affect the post-embryonic development and survival of African catfish.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Effects of the dietary inclusion of varying levels of paper mulberry
           (Broussonetia papyrifera) leaf meal on growth performance, nutrients
           digestibility and carcass characteristics of grower rabbits

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      Authors: Alhassan Osman, Umoru Ibrahim Bashiru, Daniel Agbesi, Yunus Abdul Aziz, Kwame Owusu Amoah, Emmanuel Lartey Kwame Osafo
      Pages: 4354 ̵ - 4354 ̵
      Abstract: A ten-week feeding trial was conducted using 25 grower rabbits in a completely randomised design to evaluate effects of the inclusion of varying levels of paper mulberry leaf meal (PMLM) on growth performance, nutrients digestibility and carcass characteristics. The rabbits were of mixed breeds and sexes, aged 8 weeks and weighing between 1000 – 1350 g. PMLM was incorporated into five diets designated T0, T1, T2, T3 and T4 at 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 % levels of inclusion. Feed intake and live weight changes were monitored throughout the study. A digestibility study was carried out during the sixth week. At the end of the feeding trial, two rabbits per treatment were randomly selected and humanely slaughtered. Hot carcass weight, blood weight, dressed weight, weights of gastrointestinal tract, internal organs and caecum were taken. Dressing percentage was determined by dividing the hot dressed carcass weight by the slaughter weight and multiplied by hundred. Existing market prices for feed ingredients were used for the economic appraisal of feeds. Results did not show significant differences (p>0.05) in live weight changes. However, feed cost/kg and feed cost/kg gain declined with increase in level of PMLM. Digestibility coefficients were similar for all nutrients across the treatments except for ash which improved with increase in level of PMLM. PMLM inclusion also improved dressing percentage without deleterious effects on internal organs. It was concluded that dietary inclusion of PMLM up to 20 % could be used in rabbits to reduce feed cost/kg gain.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of infectious bursal disease antibody titre in layers immunized
           with VAXXITEK HVT+IBD in Ghana

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      Authors: Kwadwo Agyapong Opoku, Oliver Dankwa Boakye, Patrick Mensah Amponsah, Kwaku Acheampong Adusei, Jacob Alhassan Hamidu, Benjamin Obukowho Emikpe
      Pages: 4367 ̵ - 4367 ̵
      Abstract: Infectious bursal disease has hampered the development of commercial poultry production in Ghana, with outbreaks continually occurring despite the introduction of the harmonized national poultry vaccination protocol (HNPVP) that incorporates two types of live IBD vaccines. One major reported reason for these vaccination failures is the vaccine neutralization by maternally-derived antibodies (MDA). This study compared the antibody titres of layers vaccinated with the HNPVP to layers vaccinated with VAXXITEK HVT+IBD, a viral vectored vaccine. An agar gel immunodiffusion test and an indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to detect and quantify antibodies. The results of this experiment show that high MDA did not affect VAXXITEK HVT + IBD as there was a measurable antibody response with high titre values. However, the delay before this antibody response and the resultant low antibody levels at the most susceptible period may create an opportunity for field infection. However high MDA interfere with and can neutralize live IBD vaccines even when they are applied strictly as advised in the HNPVP. It is therefore quite likely that a significant portion of the reported IBD vaccination failures in Ghana are due to failure of the HNPVP due to interference with MDA hence specific ‘farm-tailored’ vaccination schedules based on flock profiling, and recombinant vectored vaccines that have been shown to produce universal protection unaffected by high MDA may be the solutions to post vaccination outbreak commonly observed in Ghana.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Comparative study of antibody titres in layers boosted with inactivated
           Newcastle disease vaccine and the thermostable ND I-2 vaccine

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      Authors: Esther Amemor, Rejoice Nyarku, Frederick Adarkwah, Tony Opoku-Agyeman, Raphael Folitse, Benjamin Obukowho Emikpe, Richard Koblah Agbehadzi, Patrick Mensah Amponsah
      Pages: 4372 ̵ - 4372 ̵
      Abstract: Despite effective vaccination schedules employed in the control of Newcastle disease (ND) in Ghana, the preponderance of ND outbreaks is still high. This study was therefore carried out to compare booster effects of inactivated ND vaccine and thermostable ND I-2 vaccine in layers and its impact on egg production at a private farm in Kumasi, Ghana. Thirty thousand layers (10,000 per group) of 36 weeks old were used for the study. Group C was vaccinated with inactivated ND vaccine (Nobilis Newcavac, South Africa), Group D with ND I-2 vaccine and Group F was the control group, which was not vaccinated. Antibody titres of the birds were determined 10 days and a day before vaccination and from day 4 to day 28 after vaccination using haemagglutination-inhibition (HI) test and the mean titres were calculated. Both inactivated ND vaccine and thermostable ND I-2 vaccine produced booster responses. The inactivated ND vaccine produced a higher average titre increase of 37.20 % compared to ND I-2 vaccine, 33.33 %. Average titres of the control population reduced by 24.26 %. Egg production reduced by 8 % and 3 % in populations vaccinated with inactivated ND vaccine and ND I-2 vaccine respectively. In conclusion, inactivated ND vaccine and the thermostable ND I-2 vaccine produced booster effect with ND I-2 causing minimal reduction in egg production, indicating that the use of easily applicable ND I-2 vaccine should be encouraged.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Community perception and utilization of Moringa oleifera in Ohaukwu Local
           Government Area, Ebonyi State, Southeastern Nigeria

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      Authors: Angus Ejidikeme Onyido, Nwanneka Victoria Elosiuba, Nkiruka Oluebube Anyikwa, Joy Ifeyinwa Chikwendu, Roseline Ekene Ikeh, Pauline Ukamaka Umeanaeto, Cyril Ali Imakwu
      Pages: 4382 ̵ - 4382 ̵
      Abstract: Moringa oleifera is one of nature’s amazing plants that is nutritionally and medicinally beneficial to man. This study was aimed at determining the people’s knowledge, utilization and distribution of Moringa in Ohaukwu Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Three towns were selected from the LGA, 450 respondents participated in the study. House visits were used to reach the people. Interviewer administered and structured questionnaires were used to gather information from the participants. Distribution of M. oleifera plants was estimated by counting the plant stands in the compounds visited. Utilization of M. oleifera was subdivided into nutrition, agriculture, medicine and cultural uses. The knowledge of M. oleifera by the people varied among the sexes. More females 108(65.06 %) than the males 58(34.94 %) had knowledge of M. oleifera plant. Knowledge of the plant decreased with increased educational status. It varied with different occupational groups being highest among farmers and least among the drivers. M. oleifera were found growing luxuriantly in the three clans but sparsely distributed due to felled Moringa trees. The plant population ranged from 7 to 11 stands in the study communities. Uses of M. oleifera include: human nutrition, animal shed, fodder and in treating various ailments. Ailments commonly treated with M. oleifera include; toothache, constipation, catarrh, sore throat, helminthiasis and rheumatism. Following the dearth in knowledge of the plant among youths and its sparse distribution, there is need for planting of M. oleifera in the community for better knowledge and utilization by the people.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Haemato-biochemical indices, antioxidant and gut health status of broiler
           chicken fed composite leaf mix

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      Authors: Akinlolu Oluwafemi Ayeni, Muyiwa Adegbenro, Israel Gem Obadare, Taiwo Olarotimi Oladayo, Johnson Oluwasola Agbede
      Pages: 4390 ̵ - 4390 ̵
      Abstract: This study investigated the effects of supplementary composite leaf meal (CLM) on the haemato-biochemical, antioxidants and gut health indices of 150 broiler chickens (Ross 308). During the 42-days feeding trial, the birds were subjected to five dietary treatments (with CLM added at 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 g/kg, respectively), replicated three times with 10 birds per replicate in a completely randomized design. The CLM was formulated from Annona murican, Ficus exasperate, Persea americana, Glyricidia sepium leaf meals in addition to Allium sativum meal, constituted in the ratio 2:2:2:1:1, respectively. From the study, there were significant differences (p<0.05) in the packed cell volume (PCV), haemoglobin and monocyte across all diets. Highest PCV (34.2 %) was recorded in birds fed Diet 4. All blood serum characteristics studied were not significantly influenced by the supplementation of CLM with the exception of creatinine and glucose. The microbes identified in the small intestine includes: Staphylococcus aureus, Lactobacillus spp. and Streptococcus spp. The microbial count recorded ranged from 7.10 to 40 ×106 cfu/ml. Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli were identified in the jejunum of chicken fed Diets 1, 2 and 3 respectively. From the study, Diet 4 (containing 15 % CLM) showed a great prospect for use as a Prebiotics; given it ability to enhance lactobacillus colonization of the gut. CLM at 15 % supplementation level could be recommended as a sustainable substitute for synthetic antibiotics growth promoters in chicken performance and gut health improvement programmes.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Efficacy of additive composite leaf mix from selected tropical plants on
           the performance of broiler chickens

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      Authors: Oluwafemi Ayeni, Muyiwa Adegbenro, Israel Gem Obadare, Lincoln Olojugba, Taiwo Olarotimi Oladayo, Johnson Oluwasola Agbede
      Pages: 4403 ̵ - 4403 ̵
      Abstract: The study involved a six-week feeding trial conducted to investigate the efficacy of selected leaves added as composite leaf mix (CLM) on the carcass, relative organ weight, muscle development and performance of broiler chickens. Fresh Vernonia amygdalina, Moringa oleifera, Ocimum gratissimum, Azadirachta indica leaves were harvested, air-dried, milled and mixed with Allium sativum powder in ratio 4:3:1:1:1 to form the CLM. The CLM was tested for phyto-chemicals and added to a basal diet, as additive at 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 g/ kg. 150 day-old Ross 308 chicks were used in the experiment. The chicks were allotted to treatments, replicated three times with 10 chicks per replicate. At the end of the feeding trial, evaluation of three randomly-selected birds from each replicate showed that the treatments had significant (p<0.05) effect on growth parameters measured with the exception of feed conversion ratio. Weight gain record was highest in birds fed 20.00 g/ kg. The carcass characteristics showed that the highest thigh (117.83 g/ kg), drumstick (100.48 g/ kg) and live weights (2.25 kg) values were observed in birds fed Diet II, Control and IV respectively. Significantly highest values for the heart weight (6.10g/ kg) and pancreas (2.51g/ kg) were recorded for birds fed Diet IV and the control diet respectively. Birds fed with Diet IV had significantly higher pectoralis thoracicus weights (182.10 g/ kg) and musculu supracoracoideus length (14.07 cm). From the results obtained, Diet IV could be recommended in broiler chickens diet to promote superior muscle development and all level of supplementations, for growth promotion.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Soil transmitted helminths among school aged children in Hong Local
           Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria

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      Authors: Micah Sale Pukuma, Daniel Thadawus, Linda Midala Augustine
      Abstract: Soil transmitted helminths (STH) are major public health problem affecting the growth of children. 360 stool samples were collected and analyzed using Formol-ether concentration technique. Daksiri Primary School had the highest prevalence with 22(6.11 %), while the least was Uba Primary School with 13(3.61 %). There was no significant difference (p>0.05) in STH among schools. Ascaris lumbricoides had the highest prevalence with 52(14.44 %), followed by Trichuris trichiura with 28(7.78 %), while the least was hookworm 18(5.00 %). In relation to sex, males had the higher prevalence 56(15.56 %) than females with 42(11.67 %). There was no significant difference (p>0.05) between infection and sex. In relation to age group, the age groups 7 – 9 years had the highest prevalence of 42(11.67 %), while 3 – 6 years had the least prevalence with 23(6.39 %). There was no significant difference (p>0.05) in relation to STH by age groups. Those whose parents are civil servants had the least prevalence of 16(4.44 %), while those whose parents are farmers had the highest prevalence of 58(16.11 %). There was no significant difference on parents occupation at (p>0.05). Children, who used water closet system, had the least prevalence of 18(5.00 %), while those who used pit toilet recorded highest prevalence of 51(14.17 %). There was no significant difference (p>0.05) between infection and methods of stool disposal. There is need to promote child health, through health education, personal hygiene. Deworming should be sustained as control against outbreak of soil transmitted helminthes among school aged children.
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1
       
 
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