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  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 107 journals)
Showing 1 - 22 of 22 Journals sorted by number of followers
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Animal Welfare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Society and Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Wildlife Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Learning and Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Wildfowl     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Alternatives to Laboratory Animals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acrocephalus     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Animal Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Applied Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan / Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Animal - Science Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Natural History Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Animal Research International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
British Poultry Abstracts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
South African Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research Journal of Parasitology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Botanical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Animal Ethics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
TRACE ∴ Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Animal Science and Products     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Derecho Animal. Forum of Animal Law Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Threatened Taxa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de primatologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian Journal of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Animal Sentience : An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens     Open Access  
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Veterinary and Animal Science     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medicine     Open Access  
Human-Wildlife Interactions     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia     Open Access  
People and Animals : The International Journal of Research and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Uluslararası Tarım ve Yaban Hayatı Bilimleri Dergisi / International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Hayvansal Üretim     Open Access  
Revista de Producción Animal     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Translational Animal Science     Open Access  
Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Spei Domus     Open Access  
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Rangifer     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.297
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 9  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0261-1929 - ISSN (Online) 2632-3559
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • Ciliary Beat Frequency: Proceedings and Recommendations from a
           Multi-laboratory Ring Trial Using 3-D Reconstituted Human Airway
           Epithelium to Model Mucociliary Clearance

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Holger P. Behrsing, Adam Wahab, Lindsey Ukishima, Chad Grodi, Stefan Frentzel, Stephanie Johne, Shinkichi Ishikawa, Shigeaki Ito, Roman Wieczorek, Jessica Budde, Brian M. Keyser, Linsey E. Haswell, David Thorne, Emma Bishop, Damien Breheny, Xuefei Cao, Qin Qin, Vivek Patel
      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
      The use of reconstituted human airway (RHuA) epithelial tissues to assess functional endpoints is highly relevant in respiratory toxicology, but standardised methods are lacking. In June 2015, the Institute for In Vitro Sciences (IIVS) held a technical workshop to evaluate the potential for standardisation of methods, including ciliary beat frequency (CBF). The applicability of a protocol suggested in the workshop was assessed in a multi-laboratory ring study. This report summarises the findings, and uses the similarities and differences identified between the laboratories to make recommendations for researchers in the absence of a validated method. Two software platforms for the assessment of CBF were used — Sisson-Ammons Video Analysis (SAVA; Ammons Engineering, Clio, MI, USA) and ciliaFA (National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA). Both were utilised for multiple read temperatures, one objective strength (10×) and up to four video captures per tissue, to assess their utility. Two commercial RHuA tissue cultures were used: MucilAir™ (Epithelix, Geneva, Switzerland) and EpiAirway™ (MatTek, Ashland, MA, USA). IL-13 and procaterol were used to induce CBF-specific responses as positive controls. Further testing addressed the impact of tissue acclimation duration, the number of capture fields and objective strengths on baseline CBF readings. Both SAVA and ciliaFA reliably collected CBF data. However, ciliaFA failed to generate accurate CBF measurements above ∼10 Hz. The positive controls were effective, but were subject to inter-laboratory variability. CBF endpoints were generally uniform across replicate tissues, objective strengths and laboratories. Longer tissue acclimation increased the percentage active area, but had minimal impact on CBF. Taken together, these findings support the development and validation of a standardised CBF measurement protocol.
      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-08-07T11:22:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221114383
       
  • Biobank Personnel — The Key to its Success

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Anna Chróścicka, Angelika Paluch, Ilona Kalaszczyńska, Ilona Szabłowska-Gadomska
      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
      Resources from biobanks and biorepositories, such as human samples, are of increasing interest to specialists in various fields. However, whilst biobanks provide a crucial service, their efficient and effective management can prove challenging. When establishing a biobank many factors should be considered, such as the need for appropriate infrastructure, equipment, financial support, and highly specialised and suitably qualified personnel. The number and qualifications of the necessary personnel depend both on the biobank’s size and type — i.e. a biobank that is large and diversified in terms of the stored material should be organised differently to a small biorepository. The core of the biobank should be composed of highly trained personnel that closely co-operate with the general and quality control manager. Due to the large amount of data related to the samples, an IT specialist might be needed. In the case of large population biobanks, personnel responsible for patient recruitment, documentation handling, sample collection and distribution to the biobank would be necessary. Furthermore, staff responsible for the infrastructure are also highly important, as they are the first responders to failures that may be critical for the biobank functioning. Depending on the type and size of the biobank/biorepository, some responsibilities and tasks could potentially be combined. Nevertheless, highly trained personnel with clear and precisely defined duties are the key to the proper functioning of a biobank.
      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-07-21T03:32:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221113976
       
  • Spotlight on Three Rs Progress

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-07-11T02:14:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221112318
       
  • Conference Diary

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-07-08T08:50:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221112325
       
  • Editorial

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Rita Seabra
      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-07-08T07:38:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221112302
       
  • Resources Round-up

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-07-08T03:37:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221112314
       
  • The Use of Human Tissues for Research: What Investigators Need to Know

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Marianna J. Bledsoe, William E. Grizzle
      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
      While laboratory animals are necessary for some aspects of the development of scientific and biomedical advances, including those of precision medicine, the use of human tissues is necessary in order to explore the findings and ensure that they are relevant to human systems. Many sources of human tissues exist, but researchers — particularly those making the transition from animal to human systems — may not be aware of how best to find quality sources of human tissues or how best to use them in their research. In this article, we discuss the advantages of using human tissues in research. In addition, we highlight some of the major advances made possible through the use of human tissue, and describe how human tissue is collected for research. We discuss the various types of bioresources that make human tissue available, and advise on how investigators can find and use appropriate bioresources to support their research — with the hope that this information will help facilitate the transition from research on animals to research using human tissues, as rapidly as is practicable.
      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-07-08T01:44:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221107933
       
  • 2021 Michael Balls Award

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-06-29T08:45:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221110115
       
  • Development of an Accessible Gene Expression Bioinformatics Pipeline to
           Study Driver Mutations of Colorectal Cancer

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Lisa van den Driest, Caroline H. Johnson, Nicholas J.W. Rattray, Zahra Rattray
      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
      Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a global cause of cancer-related mortality driven by genetic and environmental factors which influence therapeutic outcomes. The emergence of next-generation sequencing technologies enables the rapid and extensive collection and curation of genetic data for each cancer type into clinical gene expression biobanks. We report the application of bioinformatics tools for investigating the expression patterns and prognostic significance of three genes that are commonly dysregulated in colon cancer: adenomatous polyposis coli (APC); B-Raf proto-oncogene (BRAF); and Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homologue (KRAS). Through the use of bioinformatics tools, we show the patterns of APC, BRAF and KRAS genetic alterations and their role in patient prognosis. Our results show mutation types, the frequency of mutations, tumour anatomical location and differential expression patterns for APC, BRAF and KRAS for colorectal tumour and matched healthy tissue. The prognostic value of APC, BRAF and KRAS genetic alterations was investigated as a function of their expression levels in CRC. In the era of precision medicine, with significant advancements in biobanking and data curation, there is significant scope to use existing clinical data sets for evaluating the role of mutational drivers in carcinogenesis. This approach offers the potential for studying combinations of less well-known genes and the discovery of novel biomarkers, or for studying the association between various effector proteins and pathways.
      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-06-29T05:45:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221107546
       
  • The Evolution of Regulatory Toxicology: Where is the Gardener'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Robert Landsiedel, Barbara Birk, Dorothee Funk-Weyer
      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
      There is a need for paradigm change in the methodology employed for toxicological testing and assessment. It could be said that this change is well on its way, through an evolutionary progress analogous to that of natural selection. Darwin’s Theory of Evolution has defined the idea of evolution and descendancy since the last third of the 19th century. Increasingly, this concept of ‘evolution’ is being applied beyond the field of biology. This Comment article discusses the progress of toxicological testing in the context of ‘evolutionary pressure’ and deliberates how this process can help foster the development, implementation and acceptance of mechanistic and human-relevant methods in this field. By comparing the current regulatory landscape in toxicity testing and assessment to specific elements in Charles Darwin’s evolutionary theory, we aim to better understand the needs and requirements for the future.
      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-06-24T09:43:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221107617
       
  • Editorial

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Susan Trigwell
      First page: 177
      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-05-18T04:37:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221101658
       
  • Spotlight on Three Rs Progress

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      First page: 179
      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-05-12T05:33:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221101990
       
  • Resources Round-up

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      First page: 182
      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-05-13T03:20:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221101659
       
  • The Use of Simulators for Teaching Practical Clinical Skills to Veterinary
           Students — A Review

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Helen R. Braid
      First page: 184
      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
      In the context of veterinary education, simulators are devices or sets of conditions aiming to imitate real patients and enable students to practice skills without the need for live animal use. Simulator use in veterinary education has increased significantly in recent years, allowing consistent practical teaching without reliance on clinical cases. This review examines the available literature regarding the use of simulation and simulators for teaching practical day one competences to veterinary students. Scientific databases were searched and 73 relevant articles were reviewed. The reviewed articles revealed that there are a number of simulators currently available to veterinary educators, that simulators can enhance student skills and provide an alternative learning environment without the need for live animal and/or cadaver use, and that they usually receive positive feedback from the students who use them. There appears to be a bias towards small animal simulators — however, some skills that are developed through the use of small animal or table-top models will be transferrable to other species. The majority of large animal simulators focus on bovine rectal palpation and/or pregnancy diagnosis. Further research is required to increase the repertoire of available simulators for use in veterinary education, in order to improve the practical skills of veterinary students and reduce the use of live animals and cadaver material for teaching purposes.
      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-05-19T04:12:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221098138
       
  • A Low-fidelity Simulator for the Development of Vascular Ligation Skills

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Juan José Perez-Rivero, Ileana María Barbosa-Callejas, Lilia Delgado-Garduño, Lidia Rodríguez-Buitrón, Amira Eunice Lavalle-Avalos, José Antonio Herrera-Barragan
      First page: 195
      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
      Training simulators can facilitate the acquisition and development of basic surgical skills, and they constitute a safe and humane method that does not harm animals in the process. The objective of this work was to create and evaluate a low-cost simulator to help undergraduate students of veterinary medicine acquire and practise vascular ligation skills. A training model was made by using easily accessible and inexpensive materials. Fifteen students, without prior surgical experience, each performed the orchiectomy technique on the simulator seven times. The emphasis was on performing vascular ligatures in both testicles of the simulator (n = 14), in two different scenarios: firstly, with the contents of the blood vessels not under pressure; and secondly, with the syringe plunger depressed by 1 ml to pressurise the blood vessels. The outcomes of the procedure in the simulator were based on three qualitative criteria: Correct (no ‘bleeding’), Sufficient (light ‘bleeding’) and Incorrect (heavy ‘bleeding’). After the seventh attempt, all participants were able to perform vascular ligatures with at least a score of Sufficient in both scenarios. By the 10th ligature attempt, they were all able to perform the procedure with a score of Correct (p < 0.05). There was a trend toward a decrease in the time taken to carry out the procedure as learning progress was made during training, with this being significant from the 12th attempt (p < 0.05). The use of this low-cost simulator represents a useful didactic tool, which supports the acquisition and practise of manual skills by using methods that do not involve the use of animals. In addition, this training simulator could be useful in distance learning, in view of the ready accessibility of the materials required for its construction.
      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-05-18T06:25:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221096677
       
  • Evaluation of a Low-cost Renal Simulator for the Diagnostic Ultrasound
           Training of Veterinary Medicine Students

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Angel R. Lozada-Gallegos, Irma Campero-Ruíz Velasco, Juan J. Pérez-Rivero
      First page: 201
      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
      The acquisition of ultrasound diagnostic skills via training is important for undergraduate veterinary medical students. Unfortunately, commercial simulators are costly, which limits their use and makes it necessary to develop low-cost simulators for training purposes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an easily constructed, low-cost, high-fidelity renal simulator for use in diagnostic ultrasound training of veterinary medical students. To construct the simulators, donated cat kidneys were embedded in a prepared agar matrix. The echogenicity of ultrasound scans obtained on the kidney simulator was assessed by the subject lecturers and compared with images acquired during clinical routine diagnostic procedures. Five students with no prior experience of the technique, under the direct supervision of a lecturer, performed five B-mode ultrasound examinations of the renal structure of the simulator. The structure of the kidney was assessed, and its length, width and thickness were measured. Three lecturers performed the same procedure as the students, and their results were used for comparison. Appropriate anatomical and ultrasonographic realism was achieved for each of the three layers of the kidney (cortex, medulla and pelvis), and similar pixel values were obtained with the simulator model and actual clinical diagnostic ultrasounds. In addition, the kidney dimensions acquired by the students were consistent with those acquired by the lecturers. Thus, the proposed kidney simulator can be used for the training of veterinary medicine students in ultrasonographic diagnostic techniques.
      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-05-18T06:36:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221101610
       
  • The Use of 3-D Models of Echocardiographic Imaging Planes for Teaching
           Echocardiography Techniques for Use in Dogs and Cats

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Bruna N. da Costa, Marlos G. Sousa, Fernanda N. Tanji, Mariana Ulanin, Marcela Wolf, Simone T. O. Stedile
      First page: 208
      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
      Echocardiography is an invaluable technique for the diagnosis of heart disease. The aim of this study was to develop 3-D models of healthy and diseased hearts of dogs and cats, and to evaluate their effectiveness in assisting veterinary undergraduates to understand echocardiographic imaging planes. Resin models depicting the main echocardiographic imaging planes of normal hearts were created, as well as example hearts with features of mitral degeneration in dogs and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in cats. After a theoretical class, fourth-year students were randomly assigned to one of two groups (model group or control group). The model group had access to the 3-D models, along with self-explanatory text about echocardiographic imaging planes; the control group only had access to the self-explanatory text. Both groups were allowed 2 weeks to study their allocated resources, after which the students undertook an assessment to evaluate their learning and completed a questionnaire about their experiences and satisfaction with the respective teaching method. A total of 39 students participated in the study, 19 in the model group and 20 in the control group. Students assigned to the model group spent more time studying (p = 0.0027). The proportion of students who achieved a satisfactory grade in the assessment was 89.5% in the model group and 60% in the control group (p = 0.0449). The 3-D models facilitated, and significantly improved, the identification of cardiac structures and disease-associated abnormalities, and the learning process in general. Additionally, the models seemed to provide greater student motivation for studying echocardiography.
      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-05-17T12:44:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221101608
       
  • The Perceptions of Students and Lecturers on the Use of Animals in
           Biomedical Science Undergraduate Education in Brazil

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Paula S. Matos, Bruna dos Santos Rodrigues, Thaís de Oliveira Fernandes, Renato Ivan de Ávila, Marize C. Valadares
      First page: 221
      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
      The use of animals in research and education is a controversial topic that has raised extensive debates. Undergraduate students (n = 404) and lecturers (n = 62) from biomedical science schools at the Federal University of Goiás (UFG) in the municipality of Goiânia, Jataí and Catalão, Goiás, Brazil, were asked about their knowledge and opinions on bioethics, the use and importance of animals in education, the replacement of animal use with non-animal alternatives, and the current legislation of the National Council for the Control of Animal Experimentation (CONCEA) that bans animal use in some practical classes within technical and higher education (i.e. Resolution No. 53/2021). Most students and lecturers agreed not only that animal use can contribute to education, but also that it is important to replace this animal use with innovative non-animal alternatives where appropriate. The lecturers emphasised that the replacement of animal models will be possible only with the provision of appropriate training to improve the skills of educators in their use, as well as ensuring reliable access to suitable facilities and materials.
      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-06-06T08:30:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221103252
       
  • Educators’ Views on the Use of Dissection and Dissection Alternatives in
           American Biology Classrooms

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Pamela Osenkowski, Ignas Karaliunas, Merari Diorio
      First page: 235
      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.
      Animal dissection remains a common practice in American biology classrooms, despite the availability of dissection alternatives to study anatomy and physiology. Indeed, there is a growing body of evidence in the literature suggesting that the use of alternatives leads to the greater achievement of learning objectives, as compared to dissection. To better understand the current use of and attitudes toward dissection and alternatives, a nationwide survey of (mainly high-school) biology teachers (n = 2687) was conducted. Most educators believed that learning objectives related to biology subject content could be met through the use of alternatives, yet they preferred the hands-on experience of dissection. Most educators allow their students to use alternatives if requested, although few teachers ask students about their preference for using an animal specimen versus an alternative. Educators cited student engagement as the main factor driving their decision to choose between dissection specimens and alternatives, and felt that cost is the biggest barrier to implementing alternatives at their schools. Additional perspectives on dissection and alternatives were shared by survey participants. Since alternatives can be used to meet learning objectives associated with dissection, we recommend their use as replacements for traditional animal specimens, in line with the replacement, reduction and refinement of animal use in education, according to the Three Rs principles.
      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-05-20T06:27:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221096578
       
  • Conference Diary

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      First page: 244
      Abstract: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals
      PubDate: 2022-05-18T06:27:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02611929221101991
       
 
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