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  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 103 journals)
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Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1683-9919 - ISSN (Online) 1996-3289
Published by Science Alert Homepage  [61 journals]
  • Exploring α-Amylase Inhibitory Activity of Cow’s Urine Extract
           of Alternanthera sessilis

    • Abstract: Background and Objective: The current α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitors in clinical use such as acarbose, miglitol and voglibose are associated with undesirable side effects such as hypoglycemia, flatulence and diarrhoea due to the inhibitory effect of gastrointestinal digestion which limits their use in the treatment of diabetes when compared to the active principles of plant origin. This study explores the antidiabetic enhancing property of Alternanthera sessilis with cow’s urine as compared to aqueous extract. Materials and Methods: The aqueous and cow’s urine extract of Alternanthera sessilis was prepared by maceration and both extracts were subjected for in vitro α-amylase inhibitory activity. The obtained data were compared and analysed by MS office excel. Results: Cow urine has enhanced the time of hydrolysis of starch by α-amylase, which in turn exhibited an inhibitory effect on the α-amylase enzyme. Conclusion: From the research work it was revealed that cow’s urine extract shows promising α-amylase inhibitory activity compared to aqueous extract. The cow’s urine distillate as a solvent for the extraction and compare the α-amylase inhibitory activity of cow’s urine extract with aqueous extract and analyze the bio-enhancing effect on bio-active principles of aqueous extract.
      PubDate: 31 October, 2022
       
  • Effect of Supplementing Cassava Peels with Lablab and Gliricidia Hay on
           Performance of Goats

    • Abstract: Background and Objective: Goats are often plagued with reduced weight gain and predisposition to diseases during the dry season. This study was undertaken to ascertain the effect of supplementing cassava peels with urea, Lablab purpureus and Gliricidia sepium hay on the growth and nutrient digestibility of confined West African Dwarf (WAD) goats. Materials and Methods: Sixteen yearling WAD goats weighing 7.2±0.3 kg were randomly assigned to four treatments and four replicates in a completely randomized design for 84 days. Urea treated cassava peels (UTCP) served as the basal diet (T1) while in treatments 2-4, the goats were fed 75% untreated cassava peels with 25% lablab, 25% gliricidia and a mixture of 12.5% lablab and 12.5% gliricidia, respectively. Results: Crude protein (CP) varied from 10.80-11.20 g kg–1 in T1 and T4, respectively. Metabolizable energy (ME) ranged from 2734.50 and 2956.10 kcal kg–1 in T3 and T1, respectively. Animals on the T3 diet consumed the least feed of 296 g/day. In terms of metabolic weight gain (MWG) and feed conversion ratio (FCR), performance in T1 and T4 were the best (p
      PubDate: 21 July, 2022
       
  • Temporal Changes in Macro and Microstructure and Seminiferous Epithelium
           of the Indigenous Sheep Testis from Birth to Puberty

    • Abstract: Background and Objective: Dynamic changes in testicular macro- and microstructures occur throughout sexual maturation. The present work was conducted to account for the temporal changes in the indigenous sheep testis during postnatal development. Materials and Methods: A total of twenty-one indigenous sheep, varying in ages from day 0-7 months, were divided into seven age groups (n = 3) at birth or day 0, 1 and 2 week, 1, 2.5, 5 and 7 month of postnatal age. Results: A rapid testicular development was observed after 2.5 months of age in indigenous lambs as determined by a significant (p
      PubDate: 07 August, 2022
       
  • Ganoderma boninense (Ganodermataceae) Aqueous Extract Protects Against
           Liver and Reproductive Alterations in Parastar-Exposed Male Wistar Rats

    • Abstract: Background and Objective: Pesticides largely used in agriculture and public health hygiene have shown negative effects on mammalian systems. Mushrooms thanks to their content in bioactive compounds have been considered as promising pharmacological sources. This study aimed at evaluating the protective effects of Ganoderma boninense aqueous extract (GBE) on the liver and reproductive parameters in Parastar-exposed male Wistar rats. Materials and Methods: Forty eight male rats (150±2 g) equitably divided into 6 groups were given either distilled water (5 mL kg–1), Parastar (6.23 mg kg–1), GBE (50, 150 mg kg–1) or Parastar (6.23 mg kg–1) and GBE (50, 150 mg kg–1) for 60 days. At the end of treatment, liver and reproductive organs weights were recorded and epididymal sperm characteristics determined. Liver and testis histology and biomarkers (testosterone levels, oxidative stress biomarkers, vesicular fructose) were also evaluated. Results: Treatment of animals with Parastar resulted in a decrease (p
      PubDate: 03 September, 2022
       
  • The Effect of Prebiotics-Phytobiotics Supplement on Broiler Biological and
           Immunological Performance

    • Abstract: Background and Objective: Over the years poultry producers have relied on the use of antibiotics as growth promoters to improve the performance and the health status of their birds. This study was conducted to test the effect of 'chicken protector' a combination of prebiotics and phytobiotics on the immunological, haematological and bacteriological status of broilers for 21 days. Materials and Methods: In the experiment, 50 Cobb 500 one-day old broiler chicks obtained from a local hatchery in Ghana were used. They were randomly assigned to two treatments, chicken protector (T1) and control (T2) in a Completely Randomized Design (CDR) for 21 days. The parameters that were measured included, haematological parameters, body weight, blood cholesterol levels, immunology, histological performance and gut microbial level. Results: The inclusion of the chicken protector in the water of broiler chicks significantly reduced blood cholesterol levels on day 7 and day 14 (p
      PubDate: 03 September, 2022
       
  • Molecular Evidence of Filariasis Transmission Through Cats and Dogs in
           West Sumatra

    • Abstract: Background and Objective: West Sumatra Province is ranked as the 11th highest filariasis case in Indonesia in 2013. Pasaman Barat and Pesisir Selatan have passed Transmission Assessment Survey (TAS)-1 on filaria elimination program. Evaluation for mass drug administration in Pasaman Barat has proved that microfilariae from Brugia malayi are still found in humans. This study investigated microfilariae in cats, dogs and primates in Pasaman Barat and Pesisir Selatan to determine their potential reservoir status. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Pasaman Barat and Pesisir Selatan Districts in 2017. Total samples of 202 reservoir animals were used in this study, namely house cats (Felis catus), dogs (Canis familiaris) and Macaca fascicularis. Reservoir blood samples were taken by a veterinarian on savena or femoralis vein and then examined by microscopic. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) had been done to cross-check positive B. malayi samples. Results: Microscopic examination showed that 6 cats in Pasaman Barat were positive for B. malayi and confirmed by PCR and 7 dogs were positive Dirofilaria sp. All of the reservoirs in Pesisir Selatan were negative for B. malayi, but there were 19 dogs positive Dirofilaria sp. Conclusion: This study proved that cats can be the source of B. malayi transmission to humans in Pasaman Barat. The animal can be a potential source of transmission of Dirofilaria sp. from dogs to humans in both districts. Alertness in cats and dogs as the reservoir of B. malayi and dirofilariasis transmission needs to be raised.
      PubDate: 02 August, 2022
       
  • Ultrasonographic Evaluation of Blindness in Sheep Due to Inadvertent
           Closantel Overdose

    • Abstract: Background and Objective: Closantel is a commonly used antiparasitic drug in sheep rearing areas. However, blindness due to its overdosage has not been evaluated by ultrasonography in the past. The objective of the study was to carry out ocular ultrasonography in sheep (10 female and 8 male) with a history of accidental closantel overdosage vis a healthy sheep. Materials and Methods: The clinical signs were elevated temperature and blindness manifested by bilateral mydriasis, absence of pupillary light and menace reflexes and difficulty in navigation. Ophthalmoscopy revealed an indistinct border of the optic nerve. The ocular ultrasonographic biometric parameters of the affected sheep were compared with age-matched healthy sheep, selected from the affected flocks. Six animals each (three male and three female) were selected for the age group
      PubDate: 02 August, 2022
       
 
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