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  Subjects -> ARCHITECTURE (Total: 219 journals)
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UOU Scientific Journal
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2697-1518
Published by Universidad de Alicante Homepage  [9 journals]
  • Cartographies and limits through the accumulation of imaginaries.

    • Authors: David Serra Navarro
      Abstract: The presence of new tools based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) in different fields of knowledge is assuming, beyond technological progress, a point of conceptual disruption that we can approach from various perspectives, especially in its ethical aspect and from its ability to transform traditional processes of creation. This article aims to open a reflection on the implicit knowledge that exists in visual patterns generated by AI, and also to make visible from artistic practice new debate scenarios and alternative positions that contribute to expanding the multimodal logic in the use of AI technology. In particular, we will focus on how to visually synthesize notions such as border and/or threshold through the accumulation of photographic imaginaries extracted from open image repositories, and observe the result processed by AI as a response to analyze deeply, not in its formal appearance, but in its meaning, process of intersubjectivization, and possible human interpretation. In short, getting closer to the semantics of the image in order to project a contemporary real space.
      PubDate: 2023-06-24

    • Authors: Michael Devereux
      Abstract: ATLAS
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
  • Meet yourself As you really Are.

    • Authors: Matt Reed
      Abstract: This article is an abridged version of an independent research module taken whilst studying for an M.A. in architectural and urban design, which builds on previous work I have done looking at augmented reality (AR) and how this new technology might affect our understanding of our lived environments. The emphasis here being how AR might extend our sense of personal embodiment as we cross the threshold between the physical and digital realms. As many artists have done before me, I focused on my own body’s form, trying out different ways of capturing my likeness in three dimensions. Although this empirical research did not set out to necessarily provide fully formed ideas for new artworks, it turned a few concepts worthy of future development, including a piece of video art that allowed me to meet my digital twin in "the mirror-world." Using a combination of commercially available apps and by repurposing the Kinect for Xbox sensor camera, I was able to produce several digital versions of myself. Then by placing my avatar into augmented reality, I was able to experience the sensation of meeting myself and, through my own unmediated corporeal experience, consider the underlying questions: Firstly, how can technology, particularly augmented reality, affect our experience of embodiment' And secondly, is it possible for a physical space that I once inhabited to have a memory of me' Note: The title "meet yourself as you really are" comes from a 1936 psychology book of the same name by Prince Leopold Loewenstein and William Gerhard.      
      PubDate: 2023-06-24

    • Authors: Michael Devereux
      Abstract: Editorial
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
  • Limits, Borders, Boundaries and Edges.

    • Authors: Joaquín Alvado Bañón, José Antonio Carrillo Andrada, Maria Luna Nobile, Mauricio Morales Beltrán, Michael Devereux, Sofia Aleixo
      Abstract: A conversation between the Editorial Committee members
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
  • A new learning model for UOU

    • Authors: Javier Sánchez Merina
      Abstract: Letter from the Director
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
  • Learning from Gevgelija

    • Authors: Ioannis Orlis, Evelyn Gavrilou, Aspassia Kouzoupi
      Abstract: This paper presents a research that originates from a journey between Ida, a small agricultural village in northern Greece and Gevgelija’s Strip, a border/customs area in southern North Macedonia, permeated with various commercial facilities. For the realization of the trip, it is necessary to access the E-75 (European route 75) which connects the two countries. By performing this itinerary, from Ida to Gevgelija’s Strip, a series of dipoles unfold: the passage from a rural village to an area influenced by supermodernity, or a non-place, as well as a passage from the field of production and accumulation of surplus/capital to the field where it is being consumed and wasted.
      As a research strategy, research by design was extensively used in different scales, as a strategy and method to de-code the circuit of spaces, programs and infrastructure. Furthermore, it was used to define a relationship between the infrastructures of production on one side, and the infrastructures of consumption on the other, but also the role of the national border in the development of this relationship. The study puts a special focus on the area of this development and the way it has taken form due to its proximity to the critical point where two important - but with opposite roles axis- (the border and the motorway) coincide and create a threshold
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
  • The Administrative-Territorial Boundaries Available for a Multiscalar
           Analysis of EU Port Cities

    • Authors: Simona Dolana
      Abstract: Using various administrative-territorial boundaries, inhabitants, and businesses as nodes, port cities in the European Union (EU) could be analyzed on multiple scales using a network method that takes into account the most important criteria (transport, population, and economy) for measuring the urban and port functions. The possible beneficiaries of such a methodology are policymakers who can aid municipalities in resolving problems in port cities. Thus, this study aimed to pinpoint existing port city policy domains that can be impacted by such a methodology and make corresponding recommendations. The policy domains identified in most port cities (port, port-city, and transportation policies) were matched with the three criteria established by the methodology. Study findings indicate that the proposed network methodological approach can impact urban and spatial policies' internal and external configuration. Also, it can impact their related policy instruments because they should be selected in light of the port city's current state. Key words: a network methodological approach, urban and spatial policies, port-city policy, port policy, transport policy
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
  • Exploring metropolitan borderscapes

    • Authors: Arturo Romero Carnicero
      Abstract: This article deals with the interaction of three different elements: public space, cross-border metropolitan conglomerates and the concept of exploration (Pentland, 2014), profoundly linked to the idea of unfamiliarity comprehensively described by van der Velde et al. (2020). First, the idea of borderscapes is defined, and the social and spatial opportunities of the border are considered. Then, the concepts of idea-flow, exploration and unfamiliarity are described and considered from a sociological point of view, thanks to social physics and quantitative big-data studies. The action of exploration outside our daily spatial scope brings a series of benefits, both social and economic. These advantages are more relevant for the citizens with the lowest income, who generally do not profit of them. The particular case of borderscapes within transnational urban conglomerates is presented as a paradigmatic example (and magnifying glass) to understand the dynamics of exploring unfamiliarity in cities. From a spatial planning perspective, the possibilities of public areas within borderscapes is investigated as a field to get in contact with the unfamiliar. In order to enhance exploration rates in lower income groups, the urban necessary conditions are examined. These inform urban planners for spatial design practices that allow these vulnerable groups to improve socially.
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
  • Crossing gender and biogeography to rethink the habitat of a fluvial
           community in Ecuador.

    • Authors: Mónica Mabel Dazzini Langdon
      Abstract: This work is an environmental sociocritical view of the reality of certain communities in a Latin American river ecosystem. It is a journey that I have started as an architect, a landscape designer and a geographer, through multiple experiences in various communities in the continent. Natural borders determine how rural communities are designed because people depend on the goods and services of the natural resources for survival. However, the design involves multiple dimensions of social and cultural relations. This research focus on the power layers that were hidden in the design, and it was conducted in a small community of 300 inhabitants at Santa Rosa Island in the northern mangroves in Ecuador. Mangroves constitute a special limit between the sea and the inhabited territory and, at the same time, give rise to the establishment of a patriarchal social economic ecosystem that works with clear invisible borders, deepening gender and social inequalities. Results show that an educational proposal that addresses the biopolitics of the habitat from gender equality and participatory action research will contribute through the empowerment of women to improve their places of living and to improve an effective contribution on social and natural ecosystems. Key words: human geography, social justice, mangroves, patriarchal, Latin America.
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
  • Fluid boundaries: Architectural tool kits for water-lands

    • Authors: Doina Carter
      Abstract: This article is a commentary on natural border conditions between land and water, on how they and communities associated with them are affected by behavioural changes of the weather and how groups of architecture students responded to the challenge of conceiving ways to minimise, alleviate and even harness the effects of deluges. The historic dependence on water of human civilisation is making us vulnerable to the impact of the intensification and rise in frequency of climatic or other natural events. Lack of planning, regulation, strategies are in some cases responsible for an increase in the severity of damage caused by adjacency to water. The groups of students engaged in the project analysed different site conditions across the globe, investigating extreme cases reported in the media or of personal interest. Their proposals are based on material, social, cultural research into the affected communities and demonstrate the future architects’ awareness and their responsible, professional engagement with contemporary issues. As a pedagogical exercise, the project demonstrated the students’ ability to construct effective groups in a short time to propose solutions ranging from long term visions to pragmatic immediate solutions.
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
  • Borders, the architecture of street

    • Authors: Martina D'Alessandro
      Abstract: The design of the void has become increasingly important in contemporary design practice. The highly topical issue is the difficult identification between open space, the void, and public space. Difficulty in providing a new meaning, and therefore a new form, for the undecided spaces that the processes of contemporary urban life produce as waste, as residual space. Working on the void, in an attempt to define its form and meaning, does not mean working on the surface of things. At least not only. Recognising the empty space of our cities as a sensitive issue, a widespread network of areas awaiting design, is one of the main challenges that the discipline of architecture must face with its own tools, avoiding easy solutions of furnishing, equipment and embellishment of space.
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
  • The secret life of urban margins

    • Authors: Maria Fierro
      Abstract: In the planetary urban system in which we live, cities are shaped as points of accumulation, generating spatiality in relation to otherness. With the effects of globalisation, whereby the city-world and the world-city take shape (Augé 2007), it is possible to “observe” a proliferation of urban and social marginalities. This paper aims to explore a specific marginality, that of the Romanì population, which partially represents the arising in Europe of the planetary phenomenon of the outcasts (Careri and Romito 2016, 80) and experiences the encampment reality. This latter consists of two spatial configurations – the informal settlement and the encampment – that transpose the concept of margin and border in different ways; the former appears self-constructed and dynamic in which abilities can be observed in being able to use areas on the border with the established order, while the latter is fixed and imposed as a control device. And it is precisely the marginal urban spaces that accommodate these roughly transitional settlements that often activate paradoxical mechanisms of city-making. The camp becomes settlement, and the settlement becomes city, giving an unprecedented reinterpretation of the present conditions. Both lead to the configuration of urban realities similar to the slums of the global south explored by the majority of scientific literature and from which the global north is not exempt. Within the theoretical horizon of the open and multicultural city and of informal urbanism – which considers the slum as a spatial concept useful to conceive new design paradigms (Brillembourg) – we propose an interpretation, part of a doctoral research in progress, on the character of the urban margins, in order to reimagine them as a place for experimentation and for overcoming the dichotomies that dominate both the contemporary debate and urban realities
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
  • Makeshift borders in Porte de la Chapelle.

    • Authors: Stefano Mastromarino, Camillo Boano
      Abstract: The paper investigates spaces of displacement and makeshift inhabitations along the border of the Paris’ Boulevard Périphérique, identifying how such a material infrastructure of differential inclusion generates thresholds and encounters between the urgency of resistance and the political violence of rejection. At Parisian borders, ongoing practices of containment and control coexist with the production of collective resistance and solidarity. This is testified by the multiple experiences of makeshift dwellings over the years, such as La Zone and the bidonvilles of the northeastern periphery, as well as the current dispersed system of makeshift camps that have been proliferating since 2015. These dynamics testify to the ambivalent proximity that permeates such geographies as simultaneously controlled, exclusive, and protective, through opaque liminalities that serve as fertile ground for equally opaque bodies. The paper stems from field-based research developed between September 2021 and September 2022 in Greater Paris, collaborating with local associations supporting people on the move and refugees inside Parisian border makeshift camps. The study attempted to make visible plural patterns of urban space production, neglected by the contemporary neoliberal and securitized city, and promote new forms of inhabitation on hold. Based on that, the research aimed at deciphering new categories of urban planning that testify to the gigantic power of autonomous practices against the negligence of states and international organisations alike. By delving into such dynamics of resistance and imperfect strategies of inhabiting the uninhabitable, the paper looks at borders as occasions to enact weak and minor projects able to keep alive those areas in which plural lives find degrees of protection and legitimacy in their spatial expression.
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
  • Border conditions of transitional housing: centering the lived experience
           of residents.

    • Authors: Donagh Horgan, Sonja Oliveira
      Abstract: Local governments in the UK are experimenting with innovative modular housing solutions - as a way to provide transitional accommodation for the most vulnerable amidst an unending housing crisis. Praised as a quick if not temporary fix, such solutions are often appraised for their sustainability performance, yet their impact on residents lives and socio-technical legacy remains unclear. This paper is envisaged as a first step in unpacking residents' perceptions of comfort in the transitional setting - at the frontier of housing precarity - across boundaries of outdoor and indoor spaces. A conceptual contribution, it focuses on the relationship between expectations of design and delivery, dignity and resilience for end-users; with research methods involving two phases of discovery and reflection. The initial phase was based on narrative methods that explored perceptions of comfort involving eight residents living in a modern methods of construction (MMC) development built in 2020 in England. The second phase involved recorded dialogues and reflections between the authors on the socio-political dimensions embodied within the research insights gained in phase one. Through a dialectical exchange, and co-analysis of an assemblage of concepts in literature review and in the field, a set of reflections emerged. The outcomes of both phases led to two key findings. First, the research helps articulate expectations of comfort as embodied between diverse social boundary transitions experienced through different spatial scales (outdoor and indoor, macro and micro). So far literature on perceptions of comfort has tended to focus on specific settings - indoor or outdoor with transitions and boundaries viewed mainly through a physiological rather than social lens. Second, the paper emphasises the need for qualitative indicators, to appraise social innovation in the built environment,  beyond performative examples.
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
  • Enabling: On the dispersion of the nuclear family model. New parameters of
           the boundary of living.

    • Authors: Verónica Amorós
      Abstract: Enabling (Habilitando) is an investigation into the breaking of the traditional boundaries of living. The study area of housing, still submerged in the canons of nuclear family and full of legal, technical and economic rules, is rethought under Carmen´s perspective, a girl who, under the regime of shared custody, constantly moves between two ways of living, between two houses.  From this first vision, from this experience, the boundarie of the birthplace is diluted, the housing program is dispersed and the use of certain elements is reinterpreted. There is a valid ambiguity in the use of spaces, furniture and objects that clash with the strict design limits of the house. There are new family and relationship needs and, therefore, this new dimension of the domestic, which has exceeded the conceptual limit of the family home (the “home for life”) requires a more flexible and versatile, more human design in the housing.
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
  • How can the architectural design of public buildings be improved for
           Visually Impaired people'

    • Authors: Emily Annakin, Glyn Everett
      Abstract: The aim of this paper is to identify issues that visually impaired (VI) people face in public buildings and where possible, suggest design solutions. The research methods involved interviewing VI individuals with various levels of vision to gain first-hand insight into their experiences in the built environment. Several of the discussed issues include the importance of multi-sensory design and how inappropriate acoustic features can lead to disorientation. The paper evaluates the use of lighting, the importance of consistency, the benefits of natural light and the hindrance of glare. It emphasises the importance of contrast to distinguish between features, around doorframes and on the nosing of stairs, which need to have tactile indicators on the floor to warn VI users they are approaching, and handles reaching out 2ft beyond the top bottom of the stairs, to improve safety. The paper also highlights the importance of consulting VI individuals to make use of their expertise in a co-design process, to hopefully produce public buildings more accessible to VI people.
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
  • Re-engaging the physical within liminal landscapes.

    • Authors: Sarah Stevens
      Abstract: We live suspended between the digital and the physical, in a liminal space. The pioneers of digital landscapes we navigate realms unfettered by physical constraints, where stories can construct and reconstruct themselves at will, where time is not just static but can be reversed, where truth can be rewritten and history revised. Orientation increasingly turns to an expanding mirror world, the echo of Borges fiction, a 1:1 remaking of the world, where huge ships hide within the folds of fake signals, infrastructure is analysed through its digital twin and non-existent islands rise into being leading very real expeditions to search for them.   It can begin to paint a picture of an increasing retreat from reality into our imaginaries, with all the dystopian and problematic environmental consequences this could bring. Yet it also holds within it the potential to enhance and deepen our embodiment within the physical realm. AI and other evolving technologies offer the opportunity for us to sculpt this liminal realm to enhance our spatial embodiment, extending our understanding and engagement with the physical world and ourselves. Design of our architecture and cities must now engage critically with these landscapes, beginning to define our mode of engagement through the spaces we dare to imagine.   Postgraduate and Undergraduate students at XX began to explore this territory, teasing out implications and opportunities to unveil potential futures that deny boundaries. We asked how might design embrace these opportunities to construct our future cities and a sustainable future' Might we create architectures which blur the boundary of the physical and digital that enable entry into others worlds, to hear ultrasonic communication of bat’s, see magnetic fields alongside birds, to begin to see beyond our limited anthropocentric perception'  
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
  • A Battle of Memory and Image: War Tourism as Reconstruction Strategy in

    • Authors: Tülay Zıvalı
      Abstract: Sarajevo, known as ‘the Jerusalem of Europe’, is one of the most attractive tourist destinations in the Balkan region. Its geo-political position, tremendous landscape and rich historical and cultural heritage including architectural portrayals of different eras turns the city into an authentic, vibrant place of living. Alongside, the 1990s’ Bosnian War left heavy traces in the urban landscape and signs of the conflict are clearly traceable in today’s city. The city has managed to recover slowly since the war ended in 1995, but the urban fabric seems to be avoided as more than just a physical occurrence during the implementation of post-war reconstruction applications. In this scope, the main objective of this chapter is to examine the process and outcomes of the post-war tourism industry in spatial, cultural, socio-political and economical manner in the case of Sarajevo. The study investigates the representation of war as a tourist attraction, evaluating the physical expressions of belonging in the city and how this is reflected in today’s narratives. The research is based on a comparative historical urban analysis to illustrate the impact of war tourism in the city and 11 in-depth interviews to narrate the related personal and collective memories. Results show that the new post-war physical (reconstruction strategy policies) and social (citizens’ perception) layer integrated in the existing townscape emboldens the vision of war tourism.
      PubDate: 2023-06-24
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