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  Subjects -> ARCHITECTURE (Total: 219 journals)
Showing 201 - 264 of 264 Journals sorted by number of followers
The Journal of Integrated Security and Safety Science (JISSS)     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Nepalese Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Delta Urbanism     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Student Project Reporting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Architectural and Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
UOU Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Public Space     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cultural Heritage and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Actas de Arquitectura Religiosa Contempor├ínea     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Design, Tecnologia e Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Creative Space     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oz : the Journal of the College of Architecture, Planning &Design at Kansas State University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
On the w@terfront. Public Art. Urban Design. Civic Participation. Urban Regeneration     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estructuras     Open Access  
Sinektika : Jurnal Arsitektur     Open Access  
Arquitectura M├ís (Arquitectura +)     Open Access  
interFACES     Open Access  

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Journal of Delta Urbanism
Number of Followers: 12  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2666-7851
Published by TU Delft Homepage  [7 journals]
  • Longue Durée

    • Authors: Fransje Hooimeijer, Taneha Kuzniecow Bacchin, Baukje Kothuis
      Pages: 04 - 11
      Abstract: New approaches to combine flood protection, soil regeneration and water management strategies with urban design, landscape architecture and spatial planning in delta regions cannot do without knowledge and understanding of history. To find a new balance between urbanization, climate change, geopolitical shifts, the energy transition in deltas it is crucial to understand the evaluation of the system from the past to what it is today and can be in the future. The logic of the relationship between design, engineering, science and governance on the one hand, and the logic with the natural system on the other, determined the current conditions and its performance. In the development of cities, at any time, there is the concept of Longue Durée recognizing the formative forces of nature and the relevance of historic concepts to take into account (Braudel, 1949). The main question of this issue is: How can interdisciplinary approaches of design, engineering, science and governance respond to the environmental crisis and steer upon the Longue Durée of the delta' 
      PubDate: 2022-01-02
      DOI: 10.48438/jdu.2.2021.6222
       
  • Environmental crisis, sectoral versus integral

    • Authors: Chris Zevenbergen, Carola Hein, Lars Marcus
      Pages: 47 - 52
      Abstract: Today we experience and acknowledge the nexus of ecology, culture and politics as a moving objective, defined by local realities placed within global developments. Large-scale change is no longer a distant probability but an approaching condition, which forces us to accept instability and envision sustainability transitions as the ground of future inhabitation. When looking closer into atmospheric, water (riverine, maritime, deltaic), and land systems and their inherent uncertainties we realize the agency that local sensitivities, culture and planning regimes have in defining the success or failure of sustainable development. This dialogue will question what the real ground of preMarsent and future urbanization is, imagining adaptive and transformative change as material and ecologically sensitive practices to site, context and culture. This dialogue is the transcription of the round table talk on the International Forum on Urbanism held in Delft on 26 November 2021. Lars Marcus, Chris Zevenbergen and Carola Hein presented their work in the light of the environmental crisis, sectoral versus integral: the agency of change. With moderator Fransje Hooimeijer they elaborated and related their work in a discussion around the main questions of history, the longue durée, disciplinarity and agency of change.
      PubDate: 2022-09-14
      DOI: 10.48438/jdu.2.2021.6723
       
  • Longue durée

    • Authors: Simone Rots, Jacqueline Tellinga
      Pages: 53 - 62
      Abstract: According to Gerald L. Burke, an English geographer, settlement layouts during the expansion of 17th-century Dutch cities were consciously planned; rather than stemming merely from ‘chance growth’, their development followed several key steps. This planning was the logical result of dealing with the difficult delta conditions, due to which settlement was only possible through cooperative effort. Burke writes: It [Burke’s book] gives a brief account of urban and rural evolution in a country which, endowed initially with the poorest of natural resources, stood in constant danger, throughout the ages, of losing most of them to the depredations of the North Sea. There is so much to be admired in the manner in which those results were achieved. The qualities of courage and tenacity, ingenuity and faith ... are those of a people with deep and abiding attachment to their homeland who sought from earliest times, and still seek, to extend its area by winning new territory from sea and lake, marsh and bog, instead of casting covetous eyes upon the lands of their neighbours. The Dutch have made their vulnerability profitable, and this shift constitutes an important mental aspect of the ‘fine Dutch tradition’, or the ‘dynamic tradition of making urban plans using the parameters of the natural system – linking in an efficient way the hydrological cycle, the soil and subsurface conditions, technology and urban development opportunities’ (Hooimeijer, 2014). This tradition facilitated the aforementioned; it is the foundation of the Dutch planning culture, in which the ‘public cause’ is not only dominant but fundamental. Considering this tradition as the cultural longue durée, the question arises how, after two centuries of a welfare state and two decades of ‘participation society’, the nature of this cooperation in the delta between public and private conditions has changed' To answer this question, Simone Rots and Jacqueline Tellinga were invited to discuss the role of self-organisation – bottom-up meets top-down – in this culture, alongside the concepts of ‘aided self- help’ and ‘sites & services’.
      PubDate: 2022-09-14
      DOI: 10.48438/jdu.2.2021.6725
       
  • Megaform as Urban Landscape

    • Authors: Kenneth Frampton
      Pages: 12 - 23
      Abstract: Kenneth Frampton closed the honorable Raoul Wallenberg Memoria lecture in 1999 with an address by Vittorio Gregotti in 1983 wherein he asserted that, "The origin of architecture is not the primitive hut, but the marking of ground, to establish a cosmic order around the surrounding chaos of nature." Frampton stated that the technological urbanised region is the new chaos but as architects and urbanists we still have the same task, bringing harmony between the chaos of the technological urbanised space and the chaos of nature. The lecture by Frampton is extremely relevant today. The megaform is an urban landscape, which could be an answer to reverse the altered and controlled nature, or the environmental crisis, towards a new harmony. This is especially urgent in delta regions, which have 12 times the global mean of 47 people per sq km, resulting in a population density of 580 people per sq km. Especially here the inclusion of delta dynamics and at the same time as Frampton proposes: “sustaining a sense of place but also of serving as an effective catalyst for the further development of the region” could offer purpose for the megastructure as human response to the longue durée of the natural system. Frampton mentions in his lecture two deltaic megaforms created by Kenzo Tange in Tokyo and Jaap Bakema the Plan Pampus in Amsterdam. These examples are contextualized and visualized in the section Project by sharing the project Mammoth of Jaap Bakema more in depth that is a megastructure response to the soft and wet soil conditions in the Netherlands: thick water. This reprint of the Raoul Wallenberg Memoria lecture by Kenneth Frampton (1999) is done with permission of the The University of Michigan A. Alfred Taubman College of Architecture + Urban Planning and Kenneth Frampton, New York.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.48438/jdu.2.2021.6224
       
  • Building with Nature: A nineteenth century concept

    • Authors: Fransje Hooimeijer, Dennis Lambert
      Pages: 24 - 47
      Abstract: The concept of “Building with Nature” refers to a harmonious way of creating environments for new living, working and recreation spaces with respect to nature. It also builds resilience to natural events such as storm surges and thus involves the design of infrastructure. This is done with the intention of ensuring the preservation or expansion of environmental and ecological resources, nature, and landscape. Moreover, it considers climate change and sea level rise as well as more frequent and intense storms, resulting in floods and land subsidence. The concept of Building with Nature is strongly connected to an industrialized society. Before the Industrial Revolution, technological advances and engineering, people were forced to live and work according to the rules of nature. This paper seeks to discover what we can learn from 19th century concepts on Building with Nature that are rooted in the pre-industrial era. The paper explores the history of the science of soil and water, in deltaic regions and focuses on the United States and the Netherlands during the nineteenth century. Within these contexts, two key historic figures are positioned, Joseph Raymond Thomassy and Willem Antonie Scholten. By reflecting on the communication between Thomassy and Scholten, the paradigm shift diverging from Building with Nature is exposed and takes on a new and compelling meaning of both an industrial approach and a natural solution to water management.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.48438/jdu.2.2021.6223
       
  • Models over time: Waterloopbos and Mississippi River Basin

    • Authors: Baukje Kothuis, Luca Iuorio
      Pages: 58 - 69
      Abstract: The development of knowledge about the mechanism in the delta has had a high dependency on projects and techniques available. During the period from 1930 to 1939, there is a consolidation of the achievements and further development of hydraulic engineering techniques, based on model-based and mathematical analyses and prognoses (Schot et al., 1998). In this time two of the physical models were built, the Waterloopbos in the Netherlands and the Mississippi River basin in the USA. Both models have been used extensively to expand knowledge and build projects, but both became out of use when computers appeared in the 1980s. Then the calculation models were favoured, as they can be done faster, and are also capable of handling complex problems. Computer technology became increasingly dominated by measurement, prognosis, calibration, verification and validation. For this project section, the current state of the two models is brought forth as a new technique in which maybe the Longue Duree of the relation between humans and nature can become evident. 
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.48438/jdu.2.2021.6232
       
  • Deltaic Megaforms

    • Authors: Fransje Hooimeijer
      Pages: 70 - 75
      Abstract: Kenneth Frampton presented in the Raoul Wallenberg Memoria lecture in 1999 an overview of megastructures over time and space. He showed how megastructures respond to the landscape and are related to infrastructures. Especially the two examples in the Netherlands and Japan are interesting for relating the history and conceptualisation of megastructures to the deltaic conditions. Due to the technological approach in urbanisation the natural conditions have been neglected creating a new chaos between humans and nature. Besides the fact that the lecture by Frampton is extremely relevant today, it is also a lens towards this typology that we elaborate on by highlighting the history of the realisation of a deltaic megastructure. This can be taken as an example of extreme (landscape) engineering, which can be a way to respect and not trying to disturb nature. The megaform is therefore an urban landscape in its own merits, having a balanced but distant relation to nature. In this project section we elaborate the project by Jaap Bakema for Lage Land in Rotterdam. Here the original megastructure of the “mammoth” as a concept has been elaborated and developed as an urban neighborhood which is built in a typical ‘thick water’ polder of the Netherlands.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.48438/jdu.2.2021.6226
       
  • The value of historical and archaeological data in understanding patterns
           of long term coastal change

    • Authors: Garry Momber, Julie Satchell, Jan Gillespie, Brandon Mason, Jasmine Noble-Shelly
      Pages: 78 - 95
      Abstract: The historical evolution of the coastline has been determined by the fluctuating relationship between land and sea. This process can be assessed to provide valuable information on trends that contribute to our understanding of past and current coastal change scenarios. These changes were initially dominated by the marine transgression following the last Ice Age, but the pace of sea level rise slowed and an equilibrium became established. This natural balance remained relatively stable until it was influenced by humans.  Where early archaeological material can be dated and contextualised within the landscape it provides evidence of the changing physical environment. Prehistoric structures act as datums that can be used to demonstrate how settlements were overwhelmed by rising sea level and they can indicate how populations reacted to the loss of land. In historical times, when sea levels were comparable to modern conditions, humans became more proactive along the coastline. Some of the alterations they made did not take into account weathering and as a consequence storm events could be destructive. These incidents were often recorded within historical, and artistic sources, that, along with the archaeological data, can be used to interpret the long-term impact of natural and human influences along the coast. Additionally, artistic representations can be used to make the story accessible to a wide range of people.  This paper will assess the under-used archaeological, historical and palaeo-environmental information within the English Channel and southern North Sea coast as data sources to provide insights into the impact of human activities along the coastline from the early Holocene, into the Anthropocene and to the mid-twentieth century. This research is being conducted within the Sustainable and Resilient Coastal Cities project (SARCC) and it concludes that while some human interventions have been positive, many have been counterproductive.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.48438/jdu.2.2021.6227
       
  • Spatial water calendar: An illustrative workbook for adaptive
           transformation

    • Authors: Inge Bobbink, Naeema Ali, María José Zúñiga
      Pages: 96 - 111
      Abstract: In this paper, concepts for deploying climate resilient design in deltaic regions which encounter environmental challenges are explored. Today, most deltas experience persistent flooding and long-term waterlogging which adversely affects the livelihood of its inhabitants. A new approach was formulated to rethink design and planning pedagogies in the discipline of landscape architecture at Delft University of Technology, to visualize open-ended spatial transformations involving both the landscape architect and the inhabitants over longer periods of time. The graduates proposed flexible spatial frameworks that integrate time and people1. This results in design interventions that do not rely on a fixed plan, but rather propose and visualize a process using a ‘water calendar’ as the driving force. The spatial water calendar is a chart that helps to represent time linked to space and water which can be useful to enumerate, elucidate, and determine time-based fluctuations in a landscape and make decisions accordingly. The idea was prompted by ancient calendars that were based on the rhythm of seasons – a method which farmers often used. However, the spatial water calendar also integrates other processes which are influenced by water, focussing specifically on the spatial impact, thereby becoming a design tool for landscape architects. The calendar developed in the Circular Water Stories lab is an open-ended framework stirred by a sequence of spatial drawings showing the temporal and social processes in relation to human-made interventions, resulting in spatial transformations through time and scale. Because working with a calendar is highly participatory in nature, the spatial water calendar will be more meaningful in vulnerable geographies2 where there is still a strong connection between people and landscape. Nevertheless, in other parts of the world, we imagine that this approach also opens new possibilities for landscape architects to engage with dynamic sites. 
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.48438/jdu.2.2021.6228
       
  • Delta

    • Authors: Antonia Sebastian
      Pages: 114 - 115
      Abstract: Dictionary entry: Delta
      by Antonia Sebastian 
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.48438/jdu.2.2021.6229
       
  • Urbanism

    • Authors: Kanako Iuchi
      Pages: 116 - 117
      Abstract: Dictionary entry: Urbanism
      by Kanako Iuchi
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.48438/jdu.2.2021.6230
       
 
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