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Frontiers in Sustainable Cities
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2624-9634
Published by Frontiers Media Homepage  [96 journals]
  • Exploring the sustainability of public housing: the case of customized
           public housing for artists in Seoul

    • Authors: Ziyu Duan, Seiyong Kim
      Abstract: Since 2014, Seoul has proposed customized public housing as a means to address the reduced effectiveness of the urban housing supply. The focus of policy has gradually shifted from total housing security to welfare support, and the South Korean government has announced that the model will be replicated nationwide by 2023. The paper aims to summarize the development and characteristics of the artist-tailored public housing through a review of policy developments and cases from 2013 to 2023. The analysis reveals that the model is characterized by a uniform supply by the public sector, starting with the rights of minority groups rather than the needs of society as a whole. It helps improve the housing supply's effectiveness and moderate the vacancy rate in the city and regional economic stagnation. Finally, this paper summarizes the staged development experience of the artist's customized public rental housing system from four aspects: housing market, supply system, regional economy, and residents' spontaneous participation, and discusses the system's role in promoting the sustainable development of the public housing system. It provides suggestions for the current model's promotion and also provides references for the binary opposition relationship between the economic value of art and urban gentrification in other countries.
      PubDate: 2023-09-29T00:00:00Z
       
  • In the zone: the effects of 2002–2010 upzoning on urban life in New
           York City

    • Authors: James A. Lian, Arin Khare, Kai Vernooy
      Abstract: As policymakers look for solutions to mitigate the growing housing crisis and sustainable urban development, upzoning is becoming an increasingly popular tool. By altering a community's zoning code to allow for denser development, advocates hope to increase housing capacity and affordability. However, upzoning's effects on urban life, which we define as encompassing housing, greenspace, demographics, and transportation, remains unclear. Existing research primarily consists of isolated studies on each of these aspects' relationship with land use. In this study, we develop a holistic path analysis model by joining 2002–2010 lot-level and aggregating them with 2010–2018 tract-level datasets within NYC, investigating the impacts of upzoning on urban life as a whole. Unlike existing research, this model considers the delayed effects of upzoning by longitudinally separating upzoning from the dependent variables to elucidate the correlation of upzoning with different aspects of urban life. An imagery-based approach was used to more accurately measure greenspace, and a complex path analysis using densification as the main intermediate variable with significance thresholds was applied, enabling satisfactory model fit while preserving only significant connections between land-use and urban life. We find a positive correlation between densification and upzoning, through which upzoning is positively associated with increased home values and urban greening. However, no associations are identified between upzoning with rent prices, racial gentrification and transportation patterns. These results suggest that 2002–2010 upzoning in NYC does not fully realize its goals of increasing housing capacity and affordability. The comprehensive analysis of the impact of upzoning on broader aspects of urban life discussed in this study will be beneficial for future policy making and urban planning.
      PubDate: 2023-09-29T00:00:00Z
       
  • The contradictions of youth participation for intergenerational justice in
           urban environmental planning

    • Authors: Oriol García-Antúnez, Megan L. Maurer, Natalie M. Gulsrud, Sofia Lundmark, Romina Rodela
      Abstract: Intergenerational justice (IGJ) has long been utilized in academic contexts such as philosophy and political theory. However, IGJ has increasingly become politicized. That is, it has been translated into more tangible ideas and discourses for public scrutiny, contestation, and action. This politicization is strongly represented by youth activism, which has utilized the concept to demand urgent political action and to defend the right to be included and represented in decision-making processes, particularly regarding climate change-related issues. The central topic of discussion in this perspective article is the strategic identification of youth inclusion with IGJ, and specifically the risks involved in accepting this identification. In this article we focus on urban environmental planning and argue that it is important to separate the practice of youth inclusion and the concept of IGJ to address these concerns and explore alternative strategies for incorporating IGJ in urban environmental planning. We then proceed to explore potential urban environmental planning approaches that are more intergenerationally just and conclude by critically reflecting on how the current political economy enables or hinders a more intergenerationally just approach to urban environmental planning.
      PubDate: 2023-09-29T00:00:00Z
       
  • The polyethylene terephthalate water bottles problem in Dubai
           hotels—Would an initiative solve this problem or does it need a law'

    • Authors: Sameh Al-Shihabi
      Abstract: This paper examines the environmental effects of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) water bottles used by tourists in Dubai. Unfortunately, tourists residing in Dubai hotels must depend on these single-use plastic water bottles that have negative environmental impacts associated with their production and disposal. Thus, the government of Dubai launched an initiative to reduce the usage of PET bottles, and this paper discusses whether this initiative is adequate to change hotels' dependence on PET water bottles. Therefore, this paper tries first to find the reasons that would drive hotels to comply with this initiative and then assesses the compliance of hotels with this initiative 1 year after its launch. It is found that pressures from hotels with the same and higher ratings are crucial drivers for hotels to replace PET bottles with other alternatives. Officials affiliated with the Dubai Can initiative confirmed these findings. They have also anticipated that UAE residents who spend their vacations in Dubai hotels will exert substantial pressure on hotels to abandon PET bottle use. Decision-makers affirmed that a good percentage of five-star hotels, in addition to several four-star hotels, have abolished the use of PET bottles. Moreover, it is anticipated that all hotels are expected to stop using PET bottles. Consequently, this study shows that promoting environmentally responsible behavior without enacting laws is possible.
      PubDate: 2023-09-26T00:00:00Z
       
  • Interlinkages and gaps: a review of the literature on intergovernmental
           relations for flood management in the face of climate change

    • Authors: Alexander Chantilas, Ahmed Rachid El-Khattabi, Emily Gvino, Kristen Downs, Cate Byrne, Elizabeth Christenson-Diver, Ranger Ruffins, Aaron Worley, Felix Dodds
      Abstract: Current approaches to flood management are increasingly insufficient to deal with intensifying flood trends. In this paper, we define and map out the responsibilities and relationships of local, state, and federal governing entities at various levels. We use these relationships to identify gaps in governance needed to address the high financial, human, and infrastructure costs of flooding. This paper offers a description of current flood policies and provides recommendations for innovations in policy solutions to improve governance gaps. We identify three themes from the literature on intergovernmental relations and flood governance: (1) intergovernmental relations (interlinkages and gaps) for flood governance; (2) risks inherent to flood governance (financial, physical, social and individual, and perception of risk); (3) data adequacy and interoperability.
      PubDate: 2023-09-25T00:00:00Z
       
  • Does increased construction activity transmit into housing prices and
           rents' Evidence from the V4 countries and Austria

    • Authors: Božena Kadeřábková, Pavel Řežábek
      Abstract: This study focuses on the housing market in Central European countries. We analyze the housing prices and their sensitiveness to selected variables, especially regarding construction activity in the V4 countries and Austria. By employing a specification of a recursive VAR model for each country, we show that the most responsive to changes in construction activity is housing market in Austria. Meanwhile housing prices in the V4 countries do not exhibit any strong association with construction activity, perhaps due to under-supply of housing in the countries. The paper provides discussion on the variables dependencies explanations.
      PubDate: 2023-09-21T00:00:00Z
       
  • Harnessing behavioral psychology to encourage individuals' adoption of
           pollinator conservation behaviors

    • Authors: Conor G. Fair, S. Kris Braman
      Abstract: The economic and ecological importance of pollinators and the increasingly evident decline of their populations have drawn concern from scientists, governments, and individuals alike. While research has focused on the ecological causes and solutions to pollinator declines, it is less understood how to motivate actual behavior changes to help conserve pollinators. Behavioral psychologists have developed many theories to explain how human behavioral drivers affect the adoption of pro-environmental behaviors such as recycling and other sustainability actions. A comprehensive model incorporating norm activation theory, the new ecological paradigm, values-belief-norm theory, and the theory of planned behavior suggests various psychological determinants that drive changes in pro-environmental behaviors. A survey was constructed using Qualtrics software to measure and analyze >1,500 individuals' responses to questions designed to test the relationships between different types of pollinator conservation behaviors and the sociopsychological determinants of an individual's intention to perform said behaviors. Previous behaviors, issue awareness, and positive attitudes toward pollinators consistently predict increased intention to perform pollinator conservation behaviors, which supports related research on pro-environmental behaviors. Other determinants, such as ascription of responsibility and perceived behavioral control, had positive effects on the intention to perform some of the tested pollinator conservation behaviors. Understanding these relationships could help improve efforts to educate and increase the adoption of these pollinator conservation behaviors. Finally, many determinants had mixed and fewer significant relationships with the intention to perform conservation behaviors, which suggests the need for revisions to the specific wording of the survey tools and additional testing of these psychological determinants.
      PubDate: 2023-09-19T00:00:00Z
       
  • Divergent perspectives about water security: hydrosocial transformations
           in the metropolitan region of Montevideo (Uruguay)

    • Authors: Natalia Dias Tadeu, Micaela Trimble, Marila Lázaro, Paula Venturini, Mauricio Venegas
      Abstract: The Montevideo Metropolis, where more than half of Uruguay's population resides, is supplied with water from the Santa Lucía River (SLR), which faces increasing problems of water quality and quantity. In 2020, in the context of national government political changes, a hydraulic project (called Neptuno) involving the construction of a purification plant using water from the Río de la Plata estuary (close to the SLR basin), was proposed by a consortium of private companies. The aim of this paper is to analyze the arguments to support and oppose the Neptuno Project, as well as the hydrosocial transformations promoted by it in the SLR basin, including the scalar strategies adopted. Primary and secondary data (interviews, participant observation, and document analysis) were triangulated. Coalitions pro and against the greater involvement of the private sector with water supply services were identified. Our research shows that diverse perspectives of water security, related to different hydrosocial projects, reflect opposed interests and divergent objectives in a context of disputes within asymmetrical power relationships. This has been reactivating the coalition of the historic conflict against the privatization processes that preceded the constitutional reform in Uruguay in 2004. This coalition, against the Neptuno project, carried out a “jump scale,” taking the issue from the local to the national scale.
      PubDate: 2023-09-19T00:00:00Z
       
  • Measuring the healthcare spatial deprivation in multiple perspectives: a
           case study of Ningbo city|Background|Measure|Result|Conclusion

    • Authors: Yue Qian, Guanmin Qiao, Tonglu Li, Renfeng Ma
      Abstract: BackgroundEqualization of medical services is fundamental to the development of people-centered urbanization in Chinese-style modernization. In the past few decades, the achievements of the Chinese economy have remarkably increased the quantity and quality of healthcare services. Under rapid urbanization, large-scale population floating has led to a mismatch between supply and demand for healthcare services and raised the tension between spatial demographic reorganization and the relative stability of public healthcare service facilities. The current studies of healthcare spatial deprivation (HSD) mainly are focus on either supply, or demand, or accessibility based on census data. Therefore, it is necessary to build a multiple index that could give a physical result by using ordinary indices and mixing them together by relative methods to overcome this problem.MeasureWe chose Ningbo city, Zhejiang province, located in the eastern coastal region of China, as the study area. Moreover, from 2000 to 2020, the urbanization rate of Ningbo rapidly increased from 55.75 to 78.0%. In order to show the HSD in a rapidly urbanizing city, we first consider the subdistrict as the scale, innovatively absolve the medical accessibility to the IRD (Index of Relative Disadvantage), and construct the Index of Healthcare Relative Spatial Deprivation (IHRSD) framework. Based on the seventh national census data, we apply an IHRSD with Entropy Weight Method, 2SFCA (Two-step Floating Catchment Area Method) and GDM (Geographical Detector Model) to measure where and who are vulnerable to deprive in healthcare.ResultMeasured by IHRSD, (1) There is stronger healthcare spatial deprivation in peri-urban and developed-town in Ningbo; (2) Young childhood and fertile-women are vulnerable to healthcare spatial deprivation, in fact, they are spatially deprived in healthcare; (3) The socio-demographic attribute is a significant factor in healthcare spatial deprivation, especially the level of aging and population clustering; and (4) The relationship between healthcare spatial deprivation and accessibility shows an inverted U-shaped structure.ConclusionOur experiments show that the problems of HSD are mainly from the characteristics of the population, the layout of healthcare service institutions, the accessibility of the traffic system and the natural conditions. Although the constructions of equalization of primary medical and health services, hierarchical diagnosis, and treatment, and the “healthcare complex” are currently trying to reduce the phenomenon of HSD. Faced with groups and location, the acquisition of the accurately healthcare service supply is the key to realizing healthcare spatial equity.
      PubDate: 2023-09-18T00:00:00Z
       
  • Editorial: The governance of artificial intelligence in the
           “autonomous city”

    • Authors: Federico Cugurullo, Sarah Barns, Vincent J. Del Casino, Natalie M. Gulsrud, Tan Yigitcanlar, Xiaoling Zhang
      PubDate: 2023-09-12T00:00:00Z
       
  • Access to homeownership in decline—rising housing inequalities for young
           people in the neoliberal housing market of Tallinn

    • Authors: Anneli Kährik, Ingmar Pastak
      Abstract: The current housing affordability crisis, driven mainly by the financialization of housing and the government's retrenchment of social policies and provision of affordable housing, have affected growing inequalities in access to housing. The crises have hit young people especially hard. The recent trends call for systematic studies on the mechanisms generating such intergenerational inequality, considering the specifics of the prevailing housing regimes. Housing affordability in Tallinn has decreased due to fast-growing housing prices, as a result of an ultra-liberal housing regime, exemplified by housing financialization, capital accumulation, low level of governmental interventions and an overall increase in social inequalities. Based on EU-SILC data, it is shown how the recent trends during the decade between 2010 and 2020 have negatively impacted young people's access to homeownership—access has been greatly reduced for young cohorts, and it has become more differentiated, based on the socio-economic and labor market performance of households, as well as intergenerational transfers. Young households are increasingly residing in private rental dwellings, and many still rely on parental housing until their 30s. Rental housing, as compared to homeownership, has fewer advantages compared to homeownership—it brings no capital gains and is less secure, and rental stock tends to be located unevenly across urban space and to be in slightly worse condition compared to owner-occupied housing. This positions young people in an unfavorable position in the perspective of their housing career, and this can have severe consequences on their social inclusion.
      PubDate: 2023-08-30T00:00:00Z
       
  • Density, planning, and the emergent landscapes of purpose-built student
           accommodation in England

    • Authors: Nicola Livingstone, Stefania Fiorentino, Michael Short
      Abstract: This mini review explores perspectives on density and discretionary planning policy in relation to the emergent landscapes of purpose-built student accommodation (PBSA) across selected English university cities. It examines the nexus between density in planning policies and transformations in student accommodation, presenting a research gap requiring further investigation. Our research builds upon limited literature on UK PBSA within which there has been inadequate interrogation of policy impacts on the substantial growth of this now mature market sector. By better understanding the relations between national planning policies and their local interpretations regarding PBSA, we can move toward improving understandings for urban futures. The intersectionality between the evolution of the PBSA sector and the planning system are currently underexplored. The paper highlights the proliferation, densification, and concentration patterns of PBSAs and their connections to the surrounding planning system. The emergence of privately developed PBSA in the UK is typically characterized by medium to high rise, and medium to high density development. Higher density PBSA has created a dynamic spectrum of impacts reflecting subjective perceptions of their emergence in university cities. Our mini review illustrates the growth trajectory and direction of the PBSA sector. We conclude with a reflection on the discretionary nature of planning policies for density that often create regulatory loopholes allowing PBSA to thrive as a niche real estate asset class but not necessarily as a local and social collective asset.
      PubDate: 2023-08-29T00:00:00Z
       
  • Editorial: Density, sustainability and the governance of urban futures

    • Authors: Nicola Livingstone, Michael Short, Stefania Fiorentino, Susannah Bunce
      PubDate: 2023-08-25T00:00:00Z
       
  • Why go public' Public configurations and the supportive and divergent
           views towards public district heating in the
           Netherlands|Introduction|Methods|Results|Discussion

    • Authors: Sara Herreras Martinez, Robert Harmsen, Marijke Menkveld, Gert Jan Kramer, André Faaij
      Abstract: IntroductionCities are taking up services of social importance under the (re)municipalisation movement. The Dutch government embarked on an ambitious heat transition and proposed in 2022 to make all district heating projects public or semi-public, with a majority public share. This proposal has sparked intense debates among groups in favour of and against a shift to public ownership.MethodsThis study assessed 16 public projects through qualitative research and uncovered the arguments for and against public ownership among key public and private stakeholders.ResultsWhile public ownership is deemed necessary to meet social objectives and address the shortcomings of private models, critical views question the economic performance and inappropriate political choices in some public projects. These critical views propose alternative ways to safeguard public values, such as ensuring affordability and meeting climate goals. Despite disagreements, public and private actors recognise the shared responsibility and the importance of the other's role. They agree that the central government's proposed mandate for public ownership may limit flexibility at the local level and prevent other effective configurations like public-private partnerships with equal public-private shares.DiscussionReflecting on the study findings, it is debatable whether mandating public ownership nationwide, as proposed by the Dutch government, should become the approach to tackle current challenges instead of allowing more flexibility. The upcoming Heat Act may reduce key issues justifying public ownership, such as affordability, cherry-picking and the lack of transparency of private projects. Further research is needed to determine whether public ownership would enhance citizens' support and speed up realisation. Public ownership may still be necessary if social and cost benefits outweigh those from other configurations or long-term concession contracts are too risky. Implementing regulations protecting public values and enabling the coexistence of public, private or public-private configurations tailored to each unique local context could be an alternative, as successful district heating sectors abroad demonstrate.
      PubDate: 2023-08-24T00:00:00Z
       
  • Integrating resource oriented sanitation technologies with urban
           agriculture in developing countries: measuring the governance capacity of
           Arba Minch City, Ethiopia

    • Authors: Abrham Kassa Ejigu, Kumelachew Yeshitela
      Abstract: This research study aims to assess the capacity of Arba Minch City to adopt resource-oriented sanitation technology and integrate it with urban agriculture. The overarching goal is to promote sustainable urban development by not only using resources efficiently but also recovering resources from urban waste streams. To measure the city's governance capacity, the study employs a Governance Capability Framework (GCF), which identifies nine conditions and three indicators for each condition across three dimensions: knowing, wanting, and enabling. The framework helps assess the city's capacity for governance throughout the integration of urban agriculture with ecological sanitation (ecosan) technology. The research employs a triangle strategy, which consists of desk research, gray and scientific literature review, and a semi-structured interview with 27 indicators. By employing these strategies, the research evaluates Arba Minch's governance capacity to implement ecological sanitation integration with urban agriculture. The findings of the study show that Arba Minch City's governance capacity to integrate ecosan with urban farming is affected by several factors. These factors include a lack of systematic monitoring and evaluation of previous projects, fragmentation of policy tools to govern the integration of the system, and a lack of adequate public sector participation. Additionally, there is no government body responsible for integrating the system, and various non-governmental organizations play a significant role in financing, organizing, and implementing the system. On the user side, the study reveals a behavioral gap in adapting to resource-oriented sanitation technology and recovered organic fertilizer. The findings suggest that long-term system management requires a strong, active, and well-trained community group capable of taking on the role and responsibility of running similar projects. Furthermore, to mitigate the policy fragmentation challenge, policy harmonization and integration among actors to negotiate, deliberate, and agree on measures to be taken are critical. In conclusion, the study suggests that similar project developers should investigate the factors that motivate users of new technology and influence their behavioral changes. Ultimately, the study recommends a more comprehensive approach to resource-oriented sanitation technology and urban agriculture integration that takes into account governance capacity and community engagement.
      PubDate: 2023-08-22T00:00:00Z
       
  • Bottom-up assessment of household electricity consumption in dynamic
           cities of the Global South—Evidence from Kigali, Rwanda

    • Authors: Jannik Vetter-Gindele, Felix Bachofer, Andreas Braun, Ernest Uwayezu, Gaspard Rwanyiziri, Ludger Eltrop
      Abstract: Data on electricity consumption is crucial for assessing and modeling energy systems, making it a key element of sustainable urban planning. However, many countries in the Global South struggle with a shortage of statistically valid, geocoded, and disaggregated household-level data. This paper aims to develop a generic methodology for the generation of such a database in terms of electricity consumption. The methodology was tested in Kigali, the capital city of Rwanda, with a focus on all single-family residential building types of the inner city. Discrete data on buildings is obtained through combined information products derived from very high resolution (VHR) satellite imagery, field surveys, and computer assisted personal interviewing. In total, 509 valid geocoded survey datasets were used to evaluate and model household electricity consumption, as well as electrical appliance ownership. The study's findings reveal that the arithmetic mean of specific electricity consumption was 3.66 kWh per household per day and 345 kWh per capita per year in 2015. By subdividing the data into distinct building types as well as their spatial location, and weighting the specific values according to their proportion in the study area, a more accurate mean value of 1.88 kWh per household per day and 160 kWh per capita per year was obtained. Applying this weighted mean to extrapolate household electricity consumption for the study area, in conjunction with the sample's precision level, resulted in an estimate of 126–137 GWh for the year 2015. In contrast, using the arithmetic mean would have led to values twice as high, even exceeding the total electricity consumption of the entire city, including multi-family and non-residential buildings. The study highlights the significance of on-site data collection combined with geospatial mapping techniques in enhancing of understanding of residential energy systems. Using building types as indicators to distinguish between households with contrasting electricity consumption and electrical appliance load levels can address the challenges posed by rapid urban growth in the Global South. This proposed method can assist municipal administrations in establishing a database that can be updated resource-efficiently at regular intervals by acquiring new satellite images.
      PubDate: 2023-08-15T00:00:00Z
       
  • GreEn-ER–Electricity consumption data of a tertiary building

    • Authors: Gustavo Felipe Martin Nascimento, Frédéric Wurtz, Patrick Kuo-Peng, Benoit Delinchant, Nelson Jhoe Batistela, Tiansi Laranjeira
      Abstract: The increased use of intermittent renewable energy sources makes the use of machine learning methods combined with demand-side management more and more frequent. Machine learning algorithms rely on data to identify patterns and learn insights. Hence, data availability is of utmost importance, and the more, the merrier. Therefore, this data report aims to present a dataset concerning the electricity consumption of a tertiary building located in the French Alps region (Grenoble) in 2017 and 2018. It is a massively monitored and controlled building with about 330 electricity meters, whose measurement data constitute the dataset. The data were collected directly from the building management system and correspond to raw data, without any pre-treatment. The dataset also includes Python notebooks that allow for understanding the system design, navigating the data, and performing some simple analyses. This is a publicly available dataset that tries to fill the gap of the availability of electricity consumption data, especially regarding tertiary buildings.
      PubDate: 2023-08-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • Editorial: Supporting the “virtuous cycle” in urban ecosystems: how
           research can inform plans, policies, and projects that impact urban
           resilience

    • Authors: Michele Romolini, Sophie S. Parker, Gregory B. Pauly, Eric M. Wood
      PubDate: 2023-08-08T00:00:00Z
       
  • Pursuit of environmental justice in urban forest planning and
           practice|Introduction|Methods|Results|Discussion/conclusion

    • Authors: Amber Grant, Andrew A. Millward, Sara Edge
      Abstract: IntroductionThere is a growing demand for urban forest management that prioritizes genuine community involvement, acknowledges power imbalances within society, and embraces the principles of environmental justice. To assess current initiatives and share better/best approaches, examining how environmental justice principles are applied in urban forest planning and practice is crucial. This study aims to understand the perspectives of urban foresters on the factors that either facilitate or impede the attainment of environmental justice goals.MethodsInterviews were conducted with urban foresters from non-profit organizations and municipal government in San Francisco, California, and Seattle, Washington. The interviewees were asked to identify and discuss their tree planting and maintenance strategies, public engagement protocol, and inter-organizational collaboration processes. To provide a contextual understanding of environmental injustice in the study cities, the historical racist practice of neighborhood redlining was examined alongside current tree canopy cover, locations of environmental hazards, and the spatial distribution of persons of color and those living in poverty.ResultsThe findings revealed that urban forestry professionals in each city approached environmental justice in distinct yet complementary ways: San Francisco prioritized distributional justice, while Seattle focused on elements of procedural and recognitional justice. The Race and Social Justice Initiative in Seattle and Proposition E in San Francisco have been instrumental in identifying and addressing inequities in urban forest planning and practice.Discussion/conclusionCreating fair and inclusive urban forestry practices that prioritize disadvantaged neighborhoods has been a difficult task for both cities. Acknowledging and addressing past policies and cultural perspectives that have led to marginalization is crucial for building trust with these communities. Moving forward, prioritizing recognitional justice in urban forest planning and management should be a top priority.
      PubDate: 2023-08-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Encountering grasslands: a collective approach to urban biodiversity

    • Authors: Chloe Walsh, Penny Allan
      Abstract: While the prolific nature of many grass and herbaceous species in urban parks offers an opportunity to cultivate more biodiverse and dynamic grasslands, widespread maintenance practices and complex cultural, economic, and bureaucratic forces often result in the undervaluing and regular destruction of these plant species. The research described in this paper reimagines the way grassy landscapes are cared for and understood in urban environments. Located in an urban park in inner Sydney, Australia, and using design research methods of observation, physical care, storytelling and installation, the research proposes three “frames of care” to assist landscape architects and other spatial designers to engage with communities at a local level. The frames have the potential to expand collective understandings of grassland communities, test alternative maintenance practices, and better support urban biodiversity and seasonal flux. With acknowledgment to the complexities of urban sites such as these, experimental installation provided a promising space to meaningfully engage with the local community and build a foundation to generate greater reciprocity between humans and non-humans of the site.
      PubDate: 2023-07-28T00:00:00Z
       
 
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