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  Subjects -> ARCHITECTURE (Total: 219 journals)
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Journal of Environmental Design
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2392-5477 - ISSN (Online) 2351-0935
Published by Chiang Mai University Homepage  [10 journals]
  • Interrelationship between planning measures and physical changes in the
           Rama IX district

    • Authors: Suwadee Hansasooksin, Pornpan Panitchakarn
      Pages: 1 - 121
      Abstract: This paper reviews the enforcement of planning measures and examines physical development of the Rama IX districts in three aspects: land use, building use, and building density. The comparison of such physical changes are monitored through these periods: Year 2003 (after the implementation of the Ministerial Regulation Year 1992 and 1999), Year 2009 (after the implementation of the Ministerial Regulation 2006), and Year 2015 (after the implementation of the Ministerial Regulation 2013 and the draft of Ministerial Regulation). The study shows that planning measures are comprised of 5 major principles: land use control, density control, building control, density increasing, and special exception measures. Planning measures that highly affect the physical changes of the Rama IX district consist of land use control and density control. Land use control measure has made the district a high-density residential and commercial zone. While, density control through Floor Area Ratio, particularly the bonus, and Open Space Ratio has encouraged building development. Most of the buildings around Bangkok underground train knoes as Metropolitan Rapid Transit (MRT) have received such a bonus because of the provision of open space for public benefits. Thus, Bangkok Comprehensive Plans need to review other conditions and add other measures to propose more intensive development guidelines, supporting the characterisitcs of new central business district.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
  • The conservation urgency of the valuable architecture on the Lamphun old
           town’s main streets

    • Authors: supawadee-24 khamrangsee, Pranom Pranom Tansukanun
      Pages: 2 - 25
      Abstract: The valuable architectures on Lamphun old town’s main streets clearly illustrate the identity of Lamphun’s old town. This research objectives are to evaluate the values, importance, and the conditions of these architectures along the main streets which are the north-south and the east-west axes of city: Charoenrat Road, Inthayongyot Road, Chai Mongkol Road, Mukda Road, Pratu Li Road, and Wat Phrayuen Road. This is to prioritize them according to the urgency of conservation. The survey, interview and expert assessment conducting during May-December 2019, are made through 123 valuable architectures: Khum Jao (royal family houses), governmental offices, private residences, commercial buildings and commercial residential buildings. The rating scale of five scores: (5) most (4) good (3) moderate (2) low (1) least is used for each criterion, except the physical condition that is divided into three categories of best, average, and bad conditions. Subsequently, all architectures are divided into 4 groups according to their architectural values and physical conditions: (1) the most valuable architecture that are in dilapidated condition (immediately stage) (2) the valuable architecture that are in dilapidated condition (urgent stage) (3) the most valuable architecture that are in good condition (moderate stage) and (4) the valuable architecture that are in good condition (long term). The findings of this study can help the decision making for architectural conservation and urban townscape improvements for local authorities, local people, and the building owners to encourage Lamphun sustainable architectural conservation.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
  • Stakeholder participation in transit-oriented development (TOD): a case
           study of Rayong Municipality

    • Authors: สุภาพร แก้วกอ เลี่ยวไพโรจน์, ธนภณ พันธเสน
      Pages: 26 - 47
      Abstract: This research objectives are to study (1) building participation at collaboration level in development of public transit system project in Rayong Municipality, as stakeholder participation is a key factor in the concept of transit-oriented development (TOD), (2) experimenting hands-on public workshops in process of public participation in urban development and (3) results from the hands-on public workshops in terms of mass transit station area development and level of participation. Research results shown that the building participation at collaboration level was succeeded. There were many stakeholders participated in the project at the beginning. They actively shared ideas, worked, and made decisions together to reach consensus and negotiated to get best results. Lessons learned from experimenting the hands-on public workshops were inappropriate meeting time and uncertainty of project implementation that cause absent of some stakeholders. However, good relationship with the stakeholders and trust was a key factor that help to created the TOD conceptual plan according to smart growth concept and stakeholders’ preferences.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
  • Common characteristics of contemporary local flea markets in Chiang Mai

    • Authors: จารุพัทธ์ คำวงศ์ปิน, Pandin Ounchanum
      Pages: 48 - 73
      Abstract: Market is not only just a trading area of goods but also a meeting and exchange information place. Including to identify the quality of life, tradition and culture. This research aims to study the social, cultural and economy characteristics of community flea-market, pedestrian flea market and pop-up flea market in the dimensions of interaction between users and physical characteristics.The research method was based on participatory observation and in-depth interviews. The case study was selected from the flea markets in Chiang Mai, where trading activities take place on public roads between the community flea market, pedestrian flea market and pop-up flea market. Case study were obtained in 3 places including (M1) Ban Ton Du flea market, (M2) Sankamphaeng, art and craft pedestrian flea market and (M3) Nimmanhaemin Art and Design Promenade (NAP). The results found that the co-characteristic between local flea market and contemporary flea market are the friendliness of people, local atmosphere of the area, market layout, circulation and niche products. The unique characteristic of the local market is the local atmosphere of the place, combined with the friendliness of the people. The uniqueness of the contemporary flea market are niche products which affect the appearance of the store design and the layout of the flea market.The benefits of this research findings can be used as guidelines for setting up a flea market in accordance with the context of the cultural environment which help the flea market to evolve along the cultural dynamics in a sustainable way.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
  • Community adaptation to flood risk in peri-urban community in Pathum Thani

    • Authors: Natsiporn Sangyuan, Sani Limthongsakul
      Pages: 74 - 99
      Abstract: Pathum Thani province as a peri-urban of Bangkok metropolis faces high risks of flooding due to its low-lying geography and urban expansion. Data with frequency and percentage were obtained from questionnaire. Chi-square was used for relationship testing.   This research aimed to study the effects of floods, local adaptations, and their influential factors. The results revealed that flood disaster instigated negative effects upon communitie’s transportation network, accidents, and health issues caused by flood related disease. The adaptation activities could be categorized into pre-during-and post flood adaptations. The pre-flooding preparedness involved flood monitoring from early warning and past experiences, which directly varies with risks perception.  During flood incidents, the adaptations involved with any activities that will allow households to inhibit in their properties and be able to connect with the outside world simultaneously. The post-flood behavior, which engaged long-term adaptations entailed the physical adjustment of dwelling units and surrounding environments in different degree, varying upon the economic status. It was found that most adaptations by households were autonomous rather than those stems from community-based adaptations, which demand the cooperative strategies between local government agencies and the community itself. It was found that settlement geography, flood disaster experience, and period of settlement are the influential factors to the communities’ adaptive capacity, respectively. The study results contributed to the local government agencies in evaluating and scale up the autonomous adaptations towards the community-based adaptations that conform to the needs of local context. Still, the government agencies are accountable for risk reduction and relief measures beyond the community’s adaptive capacity. Additional studies on impediments and solutions of communitie’s adaptive capacity in the peri-urban of metropolis are recommended to generalize the findings.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
  • Tangibility of concept and the formulation of architecture

    • Authors: Sarawut Preamechai
      Pages: 122 - 147
      Abstract: Architectural design is necessary to have an objective concept that sometimes has abstract features to serve as a starting point for a measurable design process. From concept to architecture, there is a hidden relationship between the abstract and the concrete. This relationship is a key theme of this study through the question of how are architectural concepts materialized in the architectural formulation process. The hypothesis of studies is directed towards the relationship between “idea”, “actions” and “results” in the architectural design process. The formulation of architecture needs to begin with a concrete architectural concept and to be able to create systematic and sequenced relationships between the elements of the architecture. Therefore, architectural design is a structured work process. There are steps and hierarchies of “actions” based on the logic of facts and design concepts in relation to the context of the architectural program. The resulting “outcomes” must be measurable. The achievement of design is clearly defined by the objectives that are determined by the architect’s “idea”. The concrete of the concept of architectural design is thus expressed through the behavior of the “action” on the conditional design process of the architect and can be expressed through the quality of the architectural space. The relationship between the design concept and the formation of architecture is thus “the manifestation of righteous deeds!”
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
  • Dynamic of vernacular architecture: case study of Tai Lue houses, baan
           Huai Meng, Chiang Rai province

    • Authors: Anantapob Kitikad, Rawiwan Oranratmanee
      Pages: 148 - 171
      Abstract: The Tai Lue is a group of Tai people who migrated to various sites for a long time. The Tai Lue people have been influenced by Chinese culture as is evident in various architectural dynamics. This article looks at the style of Tai Lue houses around Baan Huai Meng, Chiang Rai province, presenting an analysis of house layout, building shape, floor plan, structure, materials and local wisdom in the house. This analysis can lead to a better understanding of the unique Lanna-influenced architectural style on Tai Lue cultures heritage. The study is a qualitative study comprising a field survey of 15 buildings 20 years old or older, and interviews of experts, village leaders and homeowners. The information obtained in field survey was analyzed spatial analysis. The analysis included physical of architectural style changes and synthesized data from the literature review regarding vernacular architecture dynamics in order to contribute to the field of knowledge in architectural studies
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
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