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  Subjects -> ARCHITECTURE (Total: 219 journals)
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BUILT : International Journal of Building, Urban, Interior and Landscape Technology
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2228-9135 - ISSN (Online) 2228-9194
Published by Thammasat University Homepage  [7 journals]
  • Between User’s Practice and Infrastructure Condition: Safety Challenges
           of E-scooters Utilization in Bangkok, Thailand

    • Authors: Rosyad Yan Wibowo
      Pages: 7 - 20
      Abstract: In Bangkok, e-scooters have become one of the transportation options for many users. Despite the growing number of users, e-scooters remain illegal to operate on public roads. The absence of regulations raises concerns about the safety of utilizing e-scooters in Bangkok. This paper aims to explore the safety challenges associated with the use of e-scoters in Bangkok, based on the practice of users and the infrastructure condition. Semi-structured interview with purposive sampling is conducted for Group A (n=6) and Group B (n=2) to discover the situation from the perspective of users, supplier, and service provider. Additionally, a combination of user interviews and field observations was conducted to assess the infrastructure. Thematic analysis was applied to analyze the interview data, leading to the identification of four themes: infrastructure condition, users practice, accident experience, and maintaining safety. The findings reveal that both user practices and infrastructure conditions contribute to the safety of e-scooters utilization in Bangkok. These include dispersed speed usage, unsafe space choice, and the lack of bike lane availability. To improve safety, Bangkok needs more bike lanes and parking spaces, standardized e-scooters use, and e-scooters education platforms. Policymakers must consider regulating and standardizing the use of e-scooters in Bangkok for its safety.
      PubDate: 2023-10-10
      DOI: 10.56261/built.v21.247898
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2023)
  • Defining Townscape Characteristic of Chiang Mai Old City of Thailand
           through Townscape Character Assessment

    • Authors: Natthakit Phetsuriya, Tim Heath
      Pages: 21 - 38
      Abstract: Townscape in urban heritage sites contributes a vital visual perception of the public realm. It consists of the streetscape, buildings, natural features, and human perception, which include the social, cultural, and way of life on the scenes. Historic Townscape represents tangible and intangible scenes related to historical artifacts and the historical value of the places. Townscape Character Assessment (TCA) can apply to evaluate the quality of urban elements which represent the significance of social, cultural, and human perception of urban heritage. However, Chiang Mai City Council should have paid more attention to the valued process of establishing a townscape character assessment policy and has not been part of the ongoing heritage preservation process. In the critical urban heritage environment of Chiang Mai Old City, the aim is to define the townscape characteristics of the city and to be used as fundamental knowledge to establish the suitable Townscape Character Assessment (TCA) for Chiang Mai Old City. This research study has considered four aspects in terms of townscape Character Assessment Policy study that could establish the Townscape Characteristics of Chiang Mai Old City. These are the quality of the streetscape; cultural expression; perceptual factors; and socio-cultural values. Generally, Townscape Character Assessment employs the four significant factors to value townscape characteristics. This study has considered the ongoing new world heritage site as Chiang Mai is a “living heritage” which has faced the loss of greenery, cleanliness, and identity in its inner city and is likely to have issues when the city becomes a heritage tourism destination. The study involved twenty-five local participants and used a mixed methodology consisting of questionnaires, photo-elicitation interviews (PEI), needle method, and in-depth interviews. The results found that the connection of religious places, urban heritage artifacts, cultural activities, and the natural colors of local flowers in the city represented its characteristics. The study revealed possible factors to evaluate a townscape character assessment policy for CMOC, including the physical need for streetscape improvement, cultural expression along the streetscapes, perception of the quality of the streetscapes, and representation of socio-cultural values of the streetscapes. These results can be implemented in developing assessment guidelines for any heritage sites undergoing heritage nomination or any historical cities concerned with townscape character.
      PubDate: 2023-10-31
      DOI: 10.56261/built.v21.249546
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2023)
  • Agricultural land use changes and the remaining/ emerging peri-urban
           farmers in Kathmandu Valley of Nepal

    • Authors: Shreema Rana
      Pages: 39 - 50
      Abstract: Peri-urban agriculture PUA is the agriculture practices taking place in the urban/ peri-urban areas, working dynamically to provide food at short supply chain empowering, dependable vegetable supply, jobs, etc. This paper investigated the Kathmandu Valley’s case in Nepal using peri-urban farmers as the key informants growing perishable vegetables in the three adjoining districts and the key reasons behind the permanence of PUA and the strategic approaches peri-urban farmers have adopted in the changing urban context of the Kathmandu Valley. The case-study research method was used as a methodological tool to investigate the transitions of the peri-urban farmers of the Kathmandu Valley in the contemporary bounded scenarios. Peri-urban farmers of the Kathmandu Valley were interviewed with open-ended questionnaires. Results showed a changing land use pattern of the Valley among the peri-urban farmers. This study identified an interesting transition of PUA practices from being traditional farmers to business farmers.
      PubDate: 2023-12-07
      DOI: 10.56261/built.v21.250619
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 2 (2023)
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