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  Subjects -> ARCHITECTURE (Total: 219 journals)
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Gazi University Journal of Science Part B : Art, Humanities, Design and Planning
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2147-9534
Published by Gazi √úniversitesi Homepage  [9 journals]
  • Space Syntax Criticals for Indoor Ski Centers

    • Authors: Gamze DEMİRCİ; Burçin Cem ARABACIOĞLU
      Abstract: Indoor Ski Centers have emerged as a result of a search for alternatives to compensate insufficient snowfall due to climate change caused by global warming. People who invented artificial snowmaking to make it possible to ski throughout the year needed to find locations where temperature was constantly at a sub-zero degree to keep this artificial snow from melting. Thus, it was inevitable to go indoors. This study covers an assessment based on certain criteria of Indoor Ski Centers which are covered by artificial snow with improved resistance through various chemicals and as a result of this assessment, interpretation of these locations’ stylistic, dimensional and proportional characteristics. In this regard, a critical viewpoint is brought to the design of Indoor Ski Centers (ISC) by reviewing the spatial organization of ISCs specifically with the space syntax method and evaluating the obtained results. The study examines Alpincenter in Hamburg, Germany accepted as the biggest center in Europe, ChillFactore in Manchester accepted as the biggest in the United Kingdom, Snow Arena in Druskininkai in Lithuania where the international ski federation organizes annual competitions, and Ski Dubai, the third biggest ski center in the word, where the United Arab Emirates markets a ski experience on the peninsula of Dubai. The study process includes field studies which use data collection strategies including floor plan analyses and observational studies, data processing, analysis and interpretation, synthesis of experimental findings from theoretical viewpoints, and discussion of outcomes.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Evaluation of Methods and Materials on Examples of Restoration for The
           Disabled

    • Authors: Şule Nur ALTIN; Can GÜNGÖR, Özlem SAĞIROĞLU DEMİRCİ
      Abstract: Historic buildings present several challenges when it comes to accessibility. Structural obstacles such as narrow doors, steep stairs, and uneven floors can make it difficult or impossible for people with disabilities to experience the building. Many historic buildings lack modern amenities such as elevators, toilets, and ramps, which are crucial for accessibility. While preserving the historical integrity of the cultural property on the one hand, trying to make it accessible on the other makes it necessary to discuss the use of correct materials. Any changes must be carefully evaluated without diminishing the historical significance of the building while at the same time giving all users an equal right to experience. It is not just a matter of social justice but a way of ensuring our cultural heritage is accessible to everyone. In addition, making historical buildings accessible will contribute positively to tourism, awareness, and preservation of the building and its surroundings. This study aims to evaluate the materials and technologies that enable cultural assets to be accessible through examples. Within the scope of the study, firstly, the practices in the world were mentioned. Then, to contribute to the practices in Turkey, examples following the items in the Accessibility Monitoring and Inspection Forms of The Ministry of Family and Social Policies were classified.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • NOISE CONTROL IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN THE CONTEXT OF NATIONAL
           REGULATION AND AN EXAMPLE

    • Authors: Ahsen İNCE; Füsun DEMİREL
      Abstract: Noise in residential buildings has been a problem for users for years. In order to ensure acoustic comfort conditions in these units, noise control is included in the country's regulations. As a result of noise control gaining importance in our country in recent years, the Regulation on the Protection of Buildings Against Noise (2017) and the Regulation on Amending the Regulation on the Protection of Buildings Against Noise (2018) came into force. In this context, the aim of the study is to examine the noise control of an existing residential building and present suggestions for improvement by comparing it with the limit values defined in the regulation. Using the Insul (v9.0.24) simulation program, calculations were made to produce an evaluation of an independent unit of an existing residential structure. According to the results of this study, it has been determined that the sound transmission loss is quite high in the external walls of the composite structure due to the high wall thickness and the use of double-layered structural elements, but the insulation value of the composite system decreases due to the low sound transmission loss of the windows. While sufficient sound insulation is provided in the interior walls, it has been determined that the impact sound limit values are not met due to the lack of adequate sound insulation measures in the floors, as in many residential buildings. For this reason, in the study, suggestions are presented to improve the sound insulation values of building elements that do not meet the limit values.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Effects of Speculative Design Approach on Creativity in Design Education:
           A Method Suggestion

    • Authors: Fatih EŞREM; Alper ÇALGÜNER
      Abstract: Görülmediği kadar büyük bir hızda değişen gezegenimizde belirsizlik içerisinde geleceğe doğru ilerliyoruz. Fakat alternatif gelecekleri sorgulayarak ideal gelecekleri bulmak ve bu geleceklere insanları hazırlamak da bizlerin ellerimizde. Böyle büyük bir değişimin içerisinde küresel problemlerin hızla artmasına karşın tasarım eğitiminin sabit kalması ve değişen tüketici ihtiyaçları ile ekosistem problemlerinin görmezden gelinmesi beklenemez. Bu çalışma daha karmaşık tasarım problemlerin üstesinden gelebilmek için alternatif gelecekler bağlamında spekülatif tasarımı konu almaktadır. Ayrıca ideal gelecekleri tartışan bir tasarım eğitiminin, öğrencilerin yaratıcı becerilerini ve gelecek vizyonunu nasıl etkilediği sorusuna ilişkin yapılan araştırmalar yer almaktadır. Çalışma, spekülatif tasarım yöntemlerinin endüstriyel tasarım eğitimine adapte edilerek öğrencilerin yaratıcı düşünme becerilerinin gelişmesine katkı sağlayacağını savunmakta ve araştırma sorusunun çözümüne ilişkin spekülatif tasarım metodolojisi kullanarak uygulanabilen bir yöntem önerisi sunmaktadır.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Restoration in the Discipline of Architecture: A Bibliometric Analysis of
           Research Trends Since 2000

    • Authors: Merve KASAPOĞLU; Fatma Zehra ÇAKICI
      Abstract: Preservation of architectural heritage and its transfer to next generations have been important subjects worldwide from past to present. In this context, the concept of architectural restoration plays an important role. Numerous studies have been conducted in the field of architectural restoration, but there are not enough bibliometric analysis studies on these studies. In this study, it is aimed to determine the research trends that have changed over the years by systematically analyzing the relevant literature with the help of bibliometric analysis and to provide ideas for future studies. In the study, 1415 articles published in the Web of Science (WoS) database under the title of architectural restoration between 2000–2021 were analyzed bibliometrically with the help of VOSviewer and WoS software. The data obtained at each stage were evaluated separately and it was revealed in which direction the data of the studies published in 21 years on a global scale evolved. The results show that the most published journal in the field of architectural restoration is Archistor Architecture History Restoration while the most cited articles were published in International Journal of Architectural Heritage. On the other hand, although the published studies are mostly gathered under the keywords of restoration, conservation and cultural heritage, the current studies published in this field are summarized under the titles of sustainable design and building modeling.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Spatial Analysis of the Use of Iwan in Turkish Architecture from Central
           Asia to Anatolia

    • Authors: Ayşenur DAĞ GÜRCAN; Nakış KARAMAĞARALI
      Abstract: The iwan, whose use dates back to ancient times in Iran, Mesopotamia and Central Asia, is an architectural element with functional and semantic qualities and is usually seen on a monumental scale. At the same time, the iwan emphasizes the four-direction design within the Asian central space tradition, strengthens the centrality and carries symbolic value. The iwan, which has an important place in Turkish architecture due to these features, is an architectural element with historical continuity. In the process from Central Asia to Anatolia, it is observed that the iwan is seen in almost all kinds of architectural functions and generally in monumental-scale buildings. Still, especially when the Ottoman period passed, it lost its importance and disappeared to a large extent. The aims of this study, in examining the historical development of the iwan, are to determine in which periods, buildings and functions it was used, to define its role in the spatial organization and to reveal the changes it underwent in this process. In the study, the buildings in which the iwan is seen in Turkish architecture were examined according to historical periods and building groups, the place of the iwan in the plan typologies was examined, and it was discussed how the iwan gave direction to the space design in mosques, madrasas, khanqahs, caravanserais, palaces, kiosks, baths and tombs. The continuity, feature of monumentality and function of the iwan in Turkish architecture are examined. It has been observed that iwan serves various purposes in buildings with different functions.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • An Overview of Historical Traditional Wooden Structure Conservation
           Techniques

    • Authors: Minel Ahu KARA; Özlem SAĞIROĞLU DEMİRCİ
      Abstract: Historical wooden building architecture is a cultural value that should be conserved considering its authentic wooden material and architectural details. Accordingly, the actions to be taken against the distortions that may emerge in the wooden building architecture are as important as the relevant building itself. Historical wooden buildings are faced with wrong intervention methods implemented within the modern restoration efforts. Consequently, authentic details of the traditional wooden architecture as well as the unique assembly methods and wooden materials disappear in time. Another result of these wrong intervention methods is that historical wooden buildings continue existing with their authentic values decreasing due to unqualified extensions and further wrong techniques. The correct action methods to be implemented on wooden building elements was presented through this study considering the concepts of architecture, aesthetic, practicality and economic dimension. Previous studies have generally reviewed the topic through a single method, and only a limited number of studies that have been conducted in a more comprehensive and detailed manner have collectively mentioned the traditional and modern repairing and reinforcement methods. The structure and anatomic characteristics of wooden material were investigated through the relevant literature in the present study. Then, common distortion issues seen on wooden building material were presented. The repairing and reinforcement methods employed on wooden building material were explained through theoretical and practical approaches while considering the information achieved from the literature. Moreover, various technical drawing and practical photographs were utilized. This study aimed to serve as a guide for the repairing and strengthening interventions for historical wooden buildings. The results indicated that traditional methods were preferred more than the modern ones in the field activities within the wooden structure restoration procedures conducted in Türkiye and that traditional methods being known more and considered as more economical played a key role in this context.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Analysing Green Building Design Features in the Context of Fire Risks

    • Authors: Mehmet Akif YILDIZ; Figen BEYHAN
      Abstract: In green buildings with sustainable goals such as energy and resource conservation, user comfort, and minimal environmental impact, in the event of a possible fire, all functional components are destroyed, the building is disposed of, and economic, ecological, and social problems arise. Green buildings have design features that utilize climatic data at the highest level, use materials with low thermal conductivity and high resistance to heat transfer, and have systems that generate energy and provide energy efficiency. Problems such as combustible materials arising from these features of green designs, vertical and horizontal gaps that cause the spread of toxic gases, and malfunctions caused by electrical systems may pose a risk in the context of fire safety. In this direction, within the scope of this study, green architectural design features are analysed under 5 main headings: land, shell, material, vertical internal gaps and building systems, and energy generating systems by using the literature. 5 main headings and fire safety problems arising from subheadings are explained, and risk levels are determined. A guide for the building sector and academic studies is presented due to the risk levels and solution strategies determined as high, medium, and low and differentiated for each green design feature.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Conservation of African Craft through Art Entrepreneurship: Case Study of
           Kente Craft.

    • Authors: Adebayo Abiodun ADELOYE; Johnson Olarinde OLADESU, Michael Abiodun OYİNLOYE, Tolulope SOBOWALE, Festus UZZİ
      Abstract: This article discussed how Kente cloth has been able to remain relevant despite the influence of civilization. Kente is a symbol of African identity which significantly supports the economic development of Ghana. Although this craft is an age-long Ghanaian textile craft, it has defied the negative impact of civilization on most African indigenous crafts. The study focused on the value of arts and crafts to African nations’ economies. İt was intended to draw attention to the factors that have sustained the Kente craft so as to serve as a sprinngboard for the preservation of other African crafts. The article was approached with a review research design method using primarily secondary means of data collection. It was observed that Kente cloth designs have been conserved and transformed into everyday objects which is been patronised by both indigenous and foreign cultures. Kente designs are more visible in the international market than other African traditional cloths. This visibility is traceable to the joint efforts of art entrepreneurs, Kente weaving communities and the government. It was recommended that art entrepreneurs in other African countries should create a platform to learn from their Ghananian counterparts.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Assessment of Regulations in Coastal Areas Based on Coastal Area Design
           Parameters: The Case of Gallipoli-Turkey

    • Authors: Gildis TACHİR
      Abstract: The distinctive shaping and dynamic structures of coastal areas bring coastal cities to the forefront. These distinctive forms also enable coastal areas to harbor different potentials. These areas, which are an integral part of the city with their potential, are also public spaces that make a contribution to the comfort of life in the city. Coastal areas are breathing points not only for urban dwellers but also for visitors to the city. For this reason, these living spaces used for recreation should be organized in accordance with the design parameters of coastal areas. Thus, the distinctive potential resources of the area can be preserved and the environmental impact values will be enhanced. Gallipoli, as the sample area of the study, is a coastal settlement with historical and natural richness and has a coast to both the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara. The aim of the study is to evaluate the existing arrangements in the coastal areas of the city depending on the parameters of coastal area design and to develop solutions for the ecological sustainability of the area. In line with this purpose, observations and determinations were made in both coastal areas of the city with the on-site survey method. The existing arrangements in the areas were assessed depending on the design parameters of the coastal areas. Solution proposals were suggested for the problems identified in the evaluation. Thus, the sustainability of coastal areas will be achieved and ecological sustainability will be promoted with this effect.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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  Subjects -> ARCHITECTURE (Total: 219 journals)
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