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  Subjects -> ARCHITECTURE (Total: 219 journals)
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Gazi University Journal of Science Part B : Art, Humanities, Design and Planning
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2147-9534
Published by Gazi Üniversitesi Homepage  [9 journals]
  • A Symbol of Central Space in Pre-Anatolian Turkish Religious Architecture:
           Water Element

    • Authors: Melih AK; Nakış KARAMAĞARALI
      Abstract: The concept of central space and water element in Turkish architecture had an important role both in pre-Islamic and post-Islamic times, and both were used frequently together with the dome and iwan emphasizing four directions. This set created an architectural concept containing the ‘microcosmos’ philosophy for Turks, who believed in Shamanism, Tengrism, Manichaeism, Buddhism and Islam. The use of water element together with central space in Turks showed continuity both functionally and also as a symbolic cultural item. In this article, the process that brought the water element, which was seen in Turkish religious architecture before they arrived in Anatolia, as a component of the central space is analyzed in terms of belief and culture.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Learning and Evaluation in the Design Studio

    • Authors: Özden SEVGÜL; H. Güçlü YAVUZCAN
      Abstract: Kolb [34], argues that learning in the studio begins with experience, continues with reflection, and then becomes action in reflection, becoming a concrete experience. In the studios, where the project-based learning model is adopted, students learn by sharing information with each other and with the instructors during the processes of working on their projects, presenting and receiving feedback, and from the criticisms they receive throughout the process. In design studios, the critique process serves both as a structured mechanism to provide regular feedback and as an effective evaluation tool [29]. Many traditional forms of assessment, including design project criteria, often test a limited range of skills, abilities, and knowledge and products rather than processes [8]. While a process-oriented learning is represented in the design studio, where learning by doing through projects and criticism and learning by reflection in action methods are applied, traditional studio assessments can be more result-oriented. It is the learning objectives that need to be evaluated, and therefore evaluation methods should be compatible with these objectives [8]. According to Graham [28], assessment includes summarizing the whole process and giving a grade to the student. In this context, the scope of this study is to discuss the qualities of a process-oriented assessment that contributes to learning in the design studio, where an increasing number of students participate day by day.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Research on Remote Teamwork in Computer Oriented Internship for
           Industrial Design Education

    • Authors: Bülent ÜNAL; Gökçe DENİZ, Hatice Merve DEMİRCİ, Gizem BODUR
      Abstract: Industrial designers work with different people in their professional lives. In order to train industrial designers, the acquisition of these skills and their implementation to current working styles must be studied. This study evaluated the distant group work experience of the first-year students of the Atılım University Industrial Design Department during their summer internship. Within the scope of the research, the students' end-of-training reports were analyzed by the content analysis method. The findings were discussed in terms of group work and distance education in industrial design education.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Acoustic Improvement Proposal in Historical Building: The Example of The
           Main Lecture Hall at The Beyazıt Campus of Istanbul University

    • Authors: Tarık Serhat BOZKURT
      Abstract: In the restoration of historical buildings, it is essential to preserve the design decisions of the original period of the buildings. The interior richness of historical buildings should be preserved and the interior volumes of historical buildings should not be reduced, contrary to their original period. In addition, current standards and current needs should be taken into account in the restoration of historical buildings. In this study, the acoustic improvement study of the main lecture hall in Istanbul University Beyazıt central campus was detailed. Acoustic improvement decisions taken in line with the original period of the main lecture hall have been clarified. In the acoustic improvement proposal, which was carried out without reducing the volume of the main lecture hall, it was suggested to increase the total absorption rate in the space. The design decisions of the original period of the main lecture hall were tried to be preserved as much as possible and the acoustic improvement work was detailed in this direction. In line with the DIN18041 standard, it was observed that the reverberation time values required to be provided indoors were within the desired range, and thus, the auditory comfort conditions in the interior were increased. In addition, the main lecture hall was modeled in 3D and analyzed with the help of the acoustic program. With the acoustic improvement proposal, the intelligibility level of the speech was improved in the space.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • An interpretative rehabilitation of a 16th-century mosque: the case of
           Turali Bey's mosque in Tuzla

    • Authors: Edin JAHİC
      Abstract: Renovating a historic building for continuous use is a complex assignment that necessitates a professional approach and extensive knowledge, especially if there is insufficient information about the original form or, at the very least, the most recent intervention. The paper analyzes the 16th-century Turali Bey Mosque in Tuzla, its original appearance and typology, subsequent alterations, and the reasons that influenced the last renovation. A shortage of data slowed the research process significantly.Only a 19th-century drawing depicts the mosque's earlier and most likely historical appearance. Besides that, the only contribution was given by Kreševljaković in 1941 with the short description and drawings. During the construction of the nearby road in 1896, the municipality government carried out the necessary works to retain the building in use. The mosque was then upgraded, resulting in a change in shape and appearance. In 1997, the state Institute for the Protection of Cultural, Historical, and Natural Heritage conducted research, conservation, and restoration work.Based on the results of research work, the architectural design implied interpretive rehabilitation of the building in 2012. The authentic parts of the mosque, such as the walls with windows, mihrab, entrance portal, and the minaret, were reconstructed. The remaining elements, whose original appearance could not be confirmed, have been interpreted in a modern manner while preserving the traditional values of the mosque design at the time.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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