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  Subjects -> ARCHITECTURE (Total: 219 journals)
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Gazi University Journal of Science Part B : Art, Humanities, Design and Planning
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2147-9534
Published by Gazi √úniversitesi Homepage  [9 journals]
  • Housing Satisfaction of Users and Change Expectations in New Housing
           During and After the Covid-19 Pandemic Period

    • Authors: Can GÜNGÖR
      Abstract: The unexpected outburst of the Covid-19 Pandemic in December 2019 affected lives of all people throughout 2020 and 2021 all over the world. House usage and satisfaction dramatically altered after the restrictions took place and people were confined in their homes for long periods of time. This situation caused many homeowners to re-evaluate and criticize and even change their layouts and usage of their rooms, balconies, living areas etc. In this study, participants were asked about the existing physical conditions of their current houses, the problems they encountered during the pandemic and their opinions on changes that they would do to their homes if a chance occurred. Also, Participants were asked what kind of important issues they would take into consideration if they had a chance to move to a new house regarding their experiences during the pandemic
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The development of the ancient city of Side from its discovery to the
           present and determination of conservation problems

      Abstract: Cities are tangible evidence collecting the cultural values of the communities that lived on them. Since Side located in Manavgat-Antalya, is a natural harbor city, it has preferred by a lot of societies from ancient times to present day. Founding the city at the same point over and over created historical layers. However, this cultural accumulation is stuck in the background due to necessaries of contemporary life. Tourism which is the most important development in Side has caused transformation of city. After the ancient city of Side was opened to mass tourism, implementations of conservation development plan were not conduct correctly. Although Side city was approved urban and archaeological site, the city was not protected and the deteriorations increased consistently. While the city serves tourism, it has been delayed to take precautions for protection of historical and cultural values. In this study, the problems which have happened the result of uncontrolled tourism and contemporary life are determined in terms of natural, social, cultural values and archaeological, traditional heritage. The information is obtained from field studies, literature research and decisions of councils and analyzed the effect of these problems. The methodology of the study is that firstly showing the multi layered historical urban texture, then evaluation of protection decisions of councils for the problems created by tourism, as a result determination how tourism affects the city during the protection process and identifying the developed problems with contemporary life in ancient city of Side except protection decisions.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Reading Architecture, City and Space in Latife Tekin's Novels Through
           Henri Lefebvre

    • Authors: Semih SOLAK
      Abstract: In her novels, Latife Tekin describes a journey that migrates from the village to the city and tries to hold on in the city, by positioning the human (body/language), his/her communication, and the spaces he/she produces at its center. The reflections of a social event such as migration on the city and space are deeply involved in Tekin's novels. Dealing with the author's novels selected in this study through Henri Lefebvre's definitions of everyday life and the production of space can make these reflections more perceivable and meaningful. By looking at Latife Tekin's novels through Lefebvre, this article aims to capture the spatial production processes through the changing/transforming social production practices and the organization of everyday life. By considering the factors that shape the production practices and the organization of everyday life in the rural and the urban, the spaces produced by the individual, have been interpreted in the context of the spatial counterparts stated by Lefebvre (spaces of representations, representations of spaces, and spatial practices). The aim of the study is to capture clues about the production of space, which directly integrates with time and the human, and try to offer expansions in the way architects deal with the production process of space and where they should position themselves in this process.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Ethical Dimension of the Persona Concept

    • Authors: Serkan GÜNEŞ; Çisem ERCÖMERT GÖRGÜN
      Abstract: Persona literature, which has rich content, has long been one of the dominant and popular topics in design. In the literature, which focuses on persona production and its use in the design process, there are hardly any ethical discussions about the philosophical principles of persona production. This article explains the general ethical approach to design practices and explores how persona creation and persona-based design practices can foster ethical thought and action. For this purpose, the scope of the concepts of persona and ethics is determined and defined. The idea of persona is discussed in terms of objectification, transformation, homogenization of individuals and obtaining individual data, legitimacy of representation, and use ethics.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Medieval Wall Painting in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    • Authors: Rosana RATKOVCİC
      Abstract: The paper presents introductory research of medieval wall painting in Bosnia and Herzegovina as the basis for future, more detailed elaboration of this subject. Periodisation is established, showing two groups of wall paintings, the earlier one from the 11th century until the first half of the 13th century, and the subsequent one between the second half of the 14th century and the first half of the 15th century. The subsequent group of wall paintings is related to the pro-Catholic orientation of the last Bosnian kings, the strengthening of influence of the Franciscan order, and the presence of Dubrovnik colonies. The wall paintings related to royal residencies in Bobovac and Jajce, the most significant sites of Bosnian medieval art, particularly stand out in the aforementioned group.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Painting Analysis As A New Methodology In Basic Design Education

    • Authors: Tuğçe ÇELİK; Nurgül İNAN
      Abstract: Basic design education is given as a compulsory course in the first year of all design faculties. In this course, it is aimed to develop students' two- and three-dimensional abstract and concrete thinking skills. For this purpose, students are expected to create a strong representation of the formal expression of the design, based on abstract and concrete concepts. For beginner students, the relationship between abstract and concrete concepts may not be very clear. At the same time, the studio environment and jury evaluations are new and strange to students. In addition, Basic Design Education, that intuitive methods are applied, is seen as a complex and difficult process for students. The aim of this study is to improve students' design skills by making transitions between abstract concepts and concrete products and in line with the principles they learned in the lesson. In the Basic Design course covered in this study; a new method with a compositional and analytical method that progresses from two dimensions to three dimensions, aiming to transition from painting, which is a concrete product, to abstract concept and then to reach a concrete product again, has been tried. In an art fair they visited, the students discussed an art work of their own choosing over the light-shadow, part-whole relationship, composition and elements in the frame, and created a new composition. As a result, students were provided to understand the relationship between abstract and concrete concepts more easily and to use them in their designs.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Observational Results of the Normal Evacuation of Aspendos Ancient Theater
           After Concert Event

    • Authors: Şeyma SARITEPE; Abdurrahman TOPRAKLI
      Abstract: One of the important criteria of the safety of the structures is to ensure safe evacuation. In buildings with high occupant density, the number of factors affecting the evacuation increases. In heritage buildings such as the ancient theater, there may be different problems in evacuation, such as late egress, due to what insufficient egress etc. In this study, the results of the observational evacuation measurement of the normal evacuation after the concert of the Aspendos theater in Turkey, which is the ancient theater of the Roman Period, are presented. The evacuation time of the crowd from the building and the walking speed on the stairs were observed. Obtained results were compared with studies in literature. It is seen that the walking speed is slower than expected due to the architectural features of the theatre such as inappropriate stairs. To ensure safe evacuation in cultural heritage structures without damaging the structure, improvement suggestions can be made regarding guidance for route selection. There is not enough study exists in the literature about the evacuation of ancient theaters. Evacuation works to be carried out in these structures, which are actively used in cultural activities, are important for safe use.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Moldings on Facades until the End of the Classic Period in Ottoman

    • Authors: Suzan ESİRGEN; Önder AYDIN
      Abstract: The current study focuses on the moldings, which is one of the elements in the building surfaces, and aims to reach the reflections of the unwritten principles of the Ottoman architecture in the process of its classicization. For this purpose, 15 buildings are discussed within the scope of the study, which have the potential to contain the aesthetic values of their respective erection times spanning from the foundational period to the classical period as the Ottoman architecture started to craft its originality and authenticity. These 15 buildings constitute focused examples from the surfaces of the mosques as the platforms where the stylistic transitions can be read most easily. They were built by the Ottoman dynasty in capitals such as Iznik, Bursa, Edirne and Istanbul signifying important threshold points. Furthermore, the moldings on the mosque walls were analyzed with analytical methods. The transformation of moldings into an important means of expression in the classical period and especially in Sinan’s buildings, and the process that prepared the powerful role it acquired on the periphery have been pursued from the early period examples. Studies on the sample group have provided inferences about the functions, relationships and behavior patterns of the moldings, and have shown that molding configurations are based on a series of relationships, functional data and principles rather than a number of mere coincidences.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • A Method Proposal for Evaluation of Shopping Centers Regarding Standards
           Related with Accessibility

    • Authors: Can GÜNGÖR
      Abstract: Shopping centers are used commonly by all users in the cities for many purposes. Every individual has a right to use and benefit from the amenities served in these buildings. Therefore, especially people with disabilities should be able to access and use these building without the restrictions of the physically built environment in these buildings. This study is prepared from the PhD. Thesis prepared by the researcher in Gazi University, Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences. In this study a method has been proposed to evaluate the implementation of international accessibility standards for built environment by the researcher and valuable information on the specific problems regarding these standards were collected by observation on a built shopping center. In conclusion recommendations were listed to make all areas of the evaluated buildings, accessible by the handicapped.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Effects of Exterior Wall Details and Building Locations on Energy
           Consumption of Residential Buildings in Turkey

    • Authors: Fatma Zehra SÜER; Zeynep Yeşim İLERİSOY
      Abstract: The construction industry consumes energy throughout its life cycle. Countries that import most of the energy they consume are looking for ways to reduce the energy consumption of the construction sector. In this quest, the architectural design process and material decisions are important passive measures for reducing energy consumption. It is significant to determine the effects of external wall materials which have the largest surface area subjected to the climatic conditions where the buildings are located. In this study, by using the tracing technique, the external wall details of the residential projects in Ankara were examined, and effective parameters were used as input variables in energy modelling. The core materials used in the external walls were considered as the variables of this research since different types of materials were used according to geographical location despite being in the same climate zone. The energy consumption amounts were analyzed with the Green Building Studio program. In the analysis, the insulation materials and their thicknesses were kept constant. Results showed that while the wall details with the highest energy consumption were for the brick blocks in the Kızılcahamam region, the energy consumption for the pumice blocks in the Keçiören region was minimum. In conclusion, it is inferred that geographical location and wall core material type may increase energy consumption values up to 25%.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Re-formation of the Ecosystem from the Perspective of the Artificial

    • Authors: Canberk YURT
      Abstract: Artificial intelligence is an essential agent for the sustainability movement by providing unique contributions to various wicked problems, such as; the depletion of natural resources, social inequality, climate crisis and neoliberal growth policies. Rather than some groups’ and individuals’ prioritized deficient actions and anthropocentric development strategies to reach a more sustainably designed future, AI is the one possible game-changer that may be the way of activating an ecocentric mindset. The interference of AI into these processes causes some critical concerns, which will be crucial in defining the future of human-machine interaction. The study’s objective is to evaluate current and the possible future interaction between artificial consciousness and human consciousness, in consideration of sustainability, by defining some speculative cause and effect relations. Through this paper, the human-machine interaction, the strategies about the AI technology, its’ roles and possible negative-positive impacts have been analyzed by considering some possible scenarios related to the decisions about the future of AI in the context of sustainability. The positioning, authorization and limitations of AI are evaluated along with the speculative future outlines. As a result, it is crucial to manage and steer the development of AI and decide the hierarchical and strategic actions about AI integrated value creation and development processes to ensure the safety of a sustainable future.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Using Biomimetic Architectural Design Approach For Passive Natural
           Ventilation In Educational Buildings

    • Authors: Sahar TOHİDİ; Tayfun YILDIRIM
      Abstract: The air quality and fresh air in the internal spaces of the buildings are important for the users’ health. This component is especially important in intense user indoors such as offices, educational institutions, industrial buildings and hospitals. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of patients in buildings that have not refreshed their interior ventilation system increases by 4.3 million people in the world per year. Passively designed elements such as manholes, windows, and electromechanical systems are used to improve building air ventilation. Active electro-mechanical air conditioning, ventilation systems are high costs and need more operating electricity spends. This study presents a passive ventilation system that consumes zero energy in building design. A university space that is used by intensive students was chosen as the case study. As a nature-inspired (biomimetic) approach, the termite nest ventilation system can be used from the current inputs in architectural design. External vents and air inlets were placed in classrooms 304 and 307 of the architectural department. Next, the use of air by the students and the supply of fresh air was simulated by software. The results showed that the recommended system has no open windows to prevent noise from outside and cold air in the winter. Also, it consumes no energy, has a low initial investment cost, and does not involve any operating costs. In conclusion, that zero energy architectural design is appropriate for educational buildings and other intense user buildings with functionality
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Evaluation Of The Expectations, And Acquisitions Of Architectural Project
           Atelier Participants From Fall 2020 To Spring 2021 Online Education Period
           Regarding Learning Styles Of Individuals

    • Authors: Can GÜNGÖR
      Abstract: This Study emphasizes on the Atelier participant Students’ ideas and opinions of their early Expectations and final Acquisitions from the Architectural Project and how the way of learning types of each student is efected by their expectations and acquisitions (or vica versa) during an online education period between Fall 2020 to Spring 2021. By applying a questionnaire to a group of atelier participants that consist of varying age and experience levels that value their opinions on their personal gains on varying aspects of architectural design at two semesters of one education year. It was possible to understand and evaluate the Atelier participant Students’ ideas and opinions of their early expectations, and final acquisitions from the architectural project and how varying types of learning styles of each student is significantly reflected when their primary expectations and final acquisitions are comparatively evaluated in a fully online education year.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
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