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  Subjects -> ARCHITECTURE (Total: 219 journals)
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GRID - Architecture, Planning and Design Journal
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2619-9556
Published by DergiPark Homepage  [185 journals]
  • Evaluation of the concepts of “Space, Place and Loss of place”
           through examples

    • Authors: Başak YURTSEVEN; Dicle OĞUZ
      Abstract: Space is defined as the knowledge and production area of the discipline of architecture and transforms into a place as a result of its interaction with people. While space is described through the physical dimension, the place also includes mental and actual practices. The term of “place” depicts an approach that is rich in terms of meanings, identity and culture, suitable for context. However, the places that are desired to be the focal point for the purpose of entering the global market today are faced with the loss of place and turn into areas that are desired to be placed in a speculative context or that emulate history. The aim of the study is to examine the concepts of space and place from a semantic and contextual point of view, to discuss the transformation of space into place, and to emphasize how the loss of place occurs in areas where place cannot be established, and what causes these losses. In the study, literature research was conducted using the descriptive analysis method, which is one of the qualitative research methods. As a result of the research, the differences between the concepts of space and place were revealed, and it was determined that a balance between theory and practice should be established to create a place in the discipline of architecture. Some suggestions have been made for the solution of this problematic relationship with the place.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Evaluation of the accessibility of historical regions in terms of disabled
           individuals: The case of Diyarbakır Suriçi region

    • Authors: Türkan KEJANLI; Canan KOÇ, Muhammet Can ALKAN
      Abstract: Social, cultural and economic relations of disabled people are generally possible in line with the opportunities provided in accessing the physical environment. Accessibility is a right for everyone and this right is tried to be ensured by the legal regulations of the societies in which the individuals live. Conditions for participation in urban life require appropriate planning and a series of measures that allow individuals with disabilities to act independently as well as all individuals living in the society. Persons with disabilities in Turkey are less inclined to participate in urban life. In this direction, while the legal regulations made for the accessibility of disabled people in recent years have been met with positive applications in the new settlement areas of the cities, protection in historical areas has come to the fore. Accessibility in these regions is limited. Therefore, it is assumed that people with disabilities visit historical sites less than the general population. This study reveals the difficulties of the physical environment in ensuring the accessibility of people with disabilities to the historical Suriçi region of Diyarbakır and the historical buildings in this region, and contributes to the knowledge in this area. Three Non-Governmental Organizations in Diyarbakır were contacted to reveal the problems experienced by disabled people in historical areas. A survey was conducted with 54 individuals who are members of these organizations, which are more affected by the physical environment. In the study, it is aimed to reveal the access to Suriçi, circulation and accessibility to historical structures in Suriçi from the perspective of disabled individuals.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Modern and traditional representation in mosque architecture: Analytic
           comparison of three mosques in Ankara, Turkey

    • Authors: Serkan MERTYÜREK; Guler Ufuk DEMIRBAS
      Abstract: This article examines three "modern" mosques in Ankara, the capital city of Turkey. Specifically, it researches examples of innovative and authentic mosque architecture, which considerably varies from "Ottoman-type" mosques that heavily dominate the inventory of mosques in Turkey. The Republican period after the Ottoman Empire in Turkey witnessed an ongoing discussion and competition between modern and traditional examples of mosque architecture. Although this problem has been considered in different dimensions, it has generally been discussed by classifying the mosques as "modern" or "traditional" in the academy. It is thought that this classification should be based on the different physical characteristics of mosques, which form the repertoire of tradition in mosque architecture. In this study, the exemplary mosques selected for the inquiry were examined according to 18 different factors that were grouped under six categories considering the physical and interior features of the mosques: namely, mass and facade design, spatial organization, interior forms, architectural program, material selection and ornament details. The research aims to contribute to discussing modern and traditional representation in mosque architecture and clarify ambiguity in understanding and distinguishing between "tradition," "traditional," and "modern," which are essential meanings in mosque architecture.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A review of problems encountered in Turkey mass housing applications for
           the low & middle income group

    • Authors: Betül HATİPOĞLU ŞAHİN; Ayşegül TERECİ
      Abstract: Turkey has undergone a rapid change with the urbanization processes, and accordingly, different forms of housing production have emerged in the cities. The establishment of the Mass Housing Administration and the granting of powers to local governments to build houses are the most significant steps taken to solve the housing problem for people in the lower-middle income group. This study presents research that focuses on mass housing implemented by TOKİ and local governments and includes especially user satisfaction, post-use evaluation and current situation analysis. In line with the established content, the problems in mass housing were determined by literature review and the problems caused by construction phase were also added to the study. At this point, problems related to physical space characteristics, environmental problems, aesthetic problems, and social problems caused by housing have been investigated. Subjects covered separately in many different studies have been transformed into a common data pool within the scope of this study. It is predicted that the data to be obtained from this data pool will be a valuable resource in terms of transforming the design parameters for further studies and being a base for the solution of existing problems.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The lost space of Yenişehir: Millet Square

    • Authors: Can GOLGELİOGLU; Deniz ALTAY KAYA, Damla YEŞİLBAĞ
      Abstract: This research focuses on Millet (Ulus) Square, a significant piece of the ‘square system’ proposed by Carl Christoph Lörcher in the first plan of Yenişehir, Ankara (1924-25). The study applies a descriptive analysis of its story by examining official documents, archives, newspaper clippings, personal memoirs, biographies, and novels. Millet Square, which was planned in the temporary implementation plans (1930) and cancelled in Jansen Plan (1932), was located at the intersection of today’s Atatürk Boulevard, İzmir and Tuna Streets. Despite this cancellation decision, the place has become one of the most significant public spaces of Yenişehir due to the conservation of the surrounding block pattern and the location selection of the symbolic places in this area. The study shows that the square sustains its existence as a hidden ‘node’, as proposed by Lörcher in the first plans. It unveils the challenging and multi-layered aspects of spatial decision-making processes of the Early Republican Period in Ankara and demonstrates the tangled coexistence of public space and place phenomena. More importantly, it deciphers the unique untold story of Millet Square, perhaps one of the most significant lost values of Yenişehir.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A method proposal for the detection of deteriorations/damages on building
           façades and intervention strategies

    • Authors: Selin ÖZTÜRK; Nilay COŞGUN
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to create a method that can be used for the detection and intervention strategies of deterioration / damage that may occur in buildings over time. The method adopts an approach based on the creation of a systematic visual analysis scheme of distortion / damage detection information and digitization of data. In determining the level of deterioration / damage, digitization of visual analysis data was carried out with defect scores determined on the basis of three main criteria and sub-criteria. To determine the importance of the criteria, the data obtained from the studies were used and adapted to the study. As a result of the study, the proposed method was tested on a single-layer traditional residential façade, and the decision to intervene in the façade in terms of element/component was based on concrete numerical data. The proposed intervention levels for the components of the façade, which were determined to be in good condition, were preventive and condition based. With the method developed within the scope of the study, an approach that will help experts in the decision phase to monitor, supervise and improve the problems caused by deterioration / damage of structures and intervention strategies is proposed.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Façade and silhouette lighting of cultural assets: practices,
           requirements and suggestions

    • Authors: Gizem Nur ÖZCAN; Tuba AKAR
      Abstract: In this study, the lighting designs of cultural assets, which are symbols of the past of societies, are discussed. While lighting designs require professional approaches on their own, these designs should be handled with a much more sensitive approach when it comes to the lighting of cultural assets. From this point of view, based on the lighting design practices which were examined, the original product of the study; inputs that need to be planned and studies that need to be done in lighting of cultural assets have been determined. With this information, the lighting process of cultural assets; A Lighting Management Plan has been created, which includes the definition of the studies that need to be done, the experts and actors that need to be involved. Along with the inadequacy of theoretical and practical knowledge and experience on the subject, the focus is on the lack of legislation in our country for the lighting of cultural assets. As a result, the necessity of preparing a Principle Decision Proposal that defines the lighting process with a multi-dimensional approach has been put forward. The study created with this scope has been presented to the literature in order to guide the professional illumination of cultural assets.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Diyarbakır kent merkezinin aktif açık-yeşil alanlarının
           yeterliliğine yönelik bir değerlendirme

    • Authors: Hale DEMİR KAYAN; Arya BİÇEN
      Abstract: Urban open-green spaces have the power to create positive psychological and physical effects, such as bringing natural life to the city and allowing residents to breathe. Determining the size and distribution of existing open-green areas in cities makes an important contribution to the planning of open-green spaces in developing cities. Within the scope of the research, quantitative findings of active green areas in three central districts and 34 neighborhoods of the developing city of Diyarbakır, which is an important center due to its geographical location, were obtained, and their size, ratio and distributions were given through tables and graphs. Along with the data determined through the zoning planning reports and implementation zoning plans of the Metropolitan Municipality and central district municipalities, on-site observations were made to determine the existing active green areas, land registry and cadastre application, city guide and online maps were used. With the study, 138 active open-green areas and 116 park areas were determined in Kayapınar, Bağlar and Yenişehir districts. When the existing active green areas are evaluated, an area of 3.38 m² per person decreases. It has been determined that the active open green areas are not evenly and adequately distributed within the administrative borders of the district and neighborhood, and the need for active open green space cannot be met according to the legislation.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Aesthetic Assessment of Kitsch: A Reading on Bad Taste in Kant’s
           “Critique of Aesthetic Judgment”

    • Authors: Zeynep Çiğdem UYSAL ÜREY
      Abstract: Kitsch, devised as a term of modern aesthetics after the 19th century, indicates an aesthetic value judgment that is identified as ‘bad taste’. It is acknowledged that the issues of aesthetic judgment and taste were systematically addressed for the first time by Immanuel Kant in his “Critique of Aesthetic Judgment” in the 18th century. This study attempts to reevaluate the notion of kitsch as an aesthetic value judgment through a reading of Kant’s arguments over the concepts of aesthetic judgment, taste, and bad taste as presented in his work “Critique of Aesthetic Judgment”. Tracing the notion of kitsch as bad taste in the writings of Kant would demonstrate possible convergences or discrepancies there may be and would be significant for providing an understanding about the philosophical roots of the term.With such an attempt, this study conducts a discursive analysis, and respectively examines the notion of kitsch as an aesthetic judgment of taste; the notions of aesthetic judgment and taste in Kant’s “Critique of Aesthetic Judgment”; and the notion of ‘bad taste’ thereof in order to make a comparison with the notion of kitsch. The examination that looks for the definition of bad taste in the “Critique of Aesthetic Judgment” reveals that the conditions of ‘bad taste’, as portrayed by Kant through the role of charm and emotion in aesthetic judgment, overlap with the characteristics of kitsch on the basis of sentimentality and desire for attention. Consequently, as a result of the reading on bad taste in Kant’s arguments, this study argues that over the traits of sentimentality or the pretentious use of charms and emotions, the philosophical roots of the term kitsch as an aesthetic value judgment existed long before its name has been coined.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Evaluation of strengthening approaches on a cultural heritage building in
           the context of structural performance and restoration principles

    • Authors: İlhan Okan YAZGAN
      Abstract: Sustainability of architectural heritage through generations necessitate preserving not only their originality, but also structural integrity. Various damages generated over time, can cause decrease in the possessed genuine structural performance when they were initially constructed. Instantaneous effects such as earthquakes may cause partial or total collapse. Strengthening is a structural intervention aiming to improve the safety level in order to meet functional changes or standards. Within the structural improvements or strengthening measures, besides improving structural performance, originality should also be regarded at the maximum level. Within this study, possible performance changes in the building located in Konak, İzmir, which was strengthened due to the change in function, has been examined by numerical modelling and analysis method. It has been determined that the level of security has increased significantly. Interpretation of the data obtained by non-engineering disciplines with ease, is one of the main goals of the study. It was concluded that the interventions were conducted cautiously, the authenticity-security relationship was optimized, and the architectural integrity was not damaged.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The role of planters in façade characteristics of Late Modern residential
           architecture: Apartments of Bağdat Caddesi

    • Authors: Hale GÖNÜL
      Abstract: Planters, along with travertine claddings, sunshades, stylized balcony railings and decorative wall panels are important architectural features in the façades of apartments built during the 1960s and 1970s in Kadıköy, Bağdat Caddesi region of İstanbul. Planters are a ubiquitous characteristic of these dwellings, exhibiting a discernible architectural coherence even across apartments designed by different architects. Moreover, the contemporaneous apartments found not only in Istanbul but also in other cities of Turkey exhibit a comparatively lower frequency of incorporating built-in planters, which appear to possess different morphological attributes. The article aims to study the planters in terms of their type, their façade composition and material, based on fourteen apartments from different parts of Bağdat Caddesi; and to discuss them within the architectural context of the period. Morphological analyses display that the planters are distinguished from contemporarenous examples especialy by their role in the façade composition and their materials. Thus, it is evident that planters, which disrupt the austere language of Modernism, imbue the façade with a sense of dynamism while establishing a connection to the area's historical identity as a summer resort. Therefore, they not only bestow an authentic identity upon the Late Modernist apartments of Bağdat Caddesi, but also contribute to the development of the architectural identity of the region.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Church of Virgin Mary of Czestochowa and Beatified August Czartoryski: A
           Cultural Symbol of Polish Migration

    • Authors: Elif Fatma SALİHOĞLU; Oya ŞENYURT
      Abstract: The phenomenon of migration, which is one of the concepts discussed in the 21st century, is a topic of academic research in terms of architectural history due to its impact on urban spaces. The spatial practices caused by migration movements throughout history have been a guide to today's studies. Therefore, a case study is conducted to examine the migration-urban-space relationship of Poles, who migrated to Istanbul by the mid-19th century, achieved to establish an autonomous colony settlement, Adampol, and strived to build a church there. This study begins by looking at the migration process and the establishment of the village. Subsequently, a thorough examination is conducted on the Church of Virgin Mary of Czestochowa and Beatified August Czartoryski which still stands today. Drawings of the church are produced and examined from an architectural point of view. The lack of research regarding this church within architecture creates a unique aspect of this study, setting an example for immigrants to keep their ethnic and religious roots alive in physical spaces even when in another country..
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The transformation from painting to landscape design in the interaction
           between landscape architecture and art: Roberto Burle Marx’s design

    • Authors: Filiz ÇELİK
      Abstract: The common language employed by architecture and art disciplines during the formation of works is design. For this reason, design is a bridge between architecture and art disciplines. Creativity, which is at the core of design, necessitates interdisciplinary knowledge. The unique character of landscape architecture requires landscape architects to have a broad knowledge of natural sciences, social sciences and engineering disciplines, and artistic creativity. It can be argued that the foundations and functioning of landscape architecture develop in parallel with art, and painting has been the art discipline that has most influenced landscape design in this process ensuring that the creative expression form in the disciplines of design, architecture, and art becomes visible in the space. Space is the embodied form of creative thinking in architecture and art disciplines. In this context, urban spaces provide opportunities for the exhibition of art. Urban green spaces are the exhibition space of artistic works and it is possible to see the form of art in landscape design in such spaces. In the present study, the interaction between landscape design and painting was examined over the works of landscape architect and painter Roberto Burle Marx. The interaction between Roberto Burle Marx’s paintings, which were influenced by cubism and surrealism, and his designs were revealed in terms of basic design principles and elements.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Spatial representation through graphic narrative: a practical approach

    • Authors: Hakan KELEŞ
      Abstract: Narrative is a form of production that incorporate elements such as characters, time, and space. These elements work together to convey subject actions in a temporal context, and can be communicated through verbal, written, and visual forms. The spatial information in different narrative forms is represented using a variety of tools and methods. Bakhtin's concept of "chronotope" highlights the interdependent nature of time and space in textual narratives and can be applied to visual narratives. The potential of graphic narrative as a medium to visualize time through sequential frames makes it a valuable tool to explore spatial knowledge and representation in architectural education. This paper explores the spatial representation capabilities of graphic narratives using the concept of chronotope, and presents a practical exercise called "Narrative of Space" that can be used to promote spatial thinking and representation in first-year architectural education.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Xeriscaping as a water-saving landscape design: Arizona State University
           Tempe Campus context

    • Authors: Müge ÜNAL ÇİLEK
      Abstract: With the global water crisis, water-saving landscape design has gained importance, and the implementation of xeriscaping has accelerated. This study aims to calculate water consumption of landscape design and to determine water-saving design principles with increasing xeric landscape area, in the case of the hot-arid Arizona State University Tempe campus area. Study methodology comprises four stages: (1) determination of areas with three different landscape patterns (grass, mixed, xeric) in the campus area; (2) determination of plant species and plant densities used in the fields; (3) calculation of water consumption; and (4) determination of water consumption change and developing suggestions as a result of scenarios replacing 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of grass areas with xeric landscaping. Results show that the grass area has high water consumption while xeriscaping has low water consumption. Moreover, 85% of water was saved when all grass areas were replaced with xeriscape. 20% of the water was saved due to replacing 25% of the lawns with xeriscape. The results are important for local governments to increase the implementation of xeriscaping in terms of providing economical, environmental, and sustainable water management.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Re-thinking vernacular architectural historiography through the method of
           oral history and local master builders

    • Authors: Gamze AKBAŞ; Fatma Gül ÖZTÜRK BÜKE
      Abstract: Oral history is applied as an alternative method in research fields with insufficient literary evidence; it is an attempt to counteract the problem of limited archives while using the narratives of actors and/or witnesses related to the subject. Vernacular architecture’s construction phase usually doesnt have written contracts, drawings, technical or financial calculations and such documents; hence it opens to discussion the potential of oral history to be evaluated specifically through this building group. For this reason, the article aims to understand vernacular architecture through the method of oral history and to explain its contributions to this field. Firstly, the major texts that use the method of oral history within the framework of architectural history, generally, and specifically vernacular architecture historiography are examined. Subsequently, it is emphasized through the local master builders that oral history can be a potential method to access information that is unrecorded or fade into oblivion. Thus, it is being debated whether an alternative vernacular architectural historiography is possible through the oral history method.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Residential Segregation Monography of Adana: An Index Based Approach

    • Authors: Ela ATAÇ KAVURMACI; İnan Utku TÜRKMEN
      Abstract: Cities are in a constant state of change with a series of destruction and transformation processes. Urban researchers are therefore looking for ways to understand and analyze the change in the cities. The aim of this study, which emerged with a similar understanding effort, is to analyze residential segregation and its change over time, with a method-based approach and a monographic language in Adana, one of the dynamic cities of Turkey in terms of diversity and division of social groups. The aim is to present a national interpretation and summary of the method-oriented debates at the international segregation literature. Method of the study consists of segregation indices and spatial representations. In the study, five percent sample data of the 1990 and 2000 General Population Census for Adana at neighborhood level of Turkish Statistical Institute, and education groups data of 2017 Address Based Population Registration System were used. At the end, it has been observed that Adana is a highly segregated city shared by education groups in every period examined, but these distinctions have been sharpened recently. In this segregated city picture, while those with high mobility are highly educated, groups with low education show a deepening tendency of closure.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Comparative morphological analysis of fortress-cities in Anatolia

    • Authors: Merve ÖZKAYNAK
      Abstract: The fortified structures built in the period from the past to the 20th century were built to protect settlements, palaces and residences. In Anatolia the demand for new settlements and the developments in war technology, the walls have lost their functional importance. However, since these structures are part of the cultural heritage, it is necessary to protect them and integrate them with the city and adapt. This context, the main problem of the study is the integration, intelligibility, and accessibility problem of the before and after the industrialization of the fortified towns settlements. It has been examined within the scope of examining the morphological change in the city-wall relationship and investigating the effective dynamics. In Anatolia, 30 cities with walls were determined and the sample area was determined by choosing one province from each of the seven regions according to the population parameter. Pre/post industrialization (19th-21st century) maps of the urban protected areas of Antalya, Bursa, Afyonkarahisar, Kayseri, Trabzon, Şanlıurfa and Van, were analyzed using the Space Syntax Method. In addition to the findings, illustrations of the cities were created, and suggestions were presented to increase the integration of the city with the city walls and intelligibility.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Towards an interconnected reading method: Temporality of an architectural
           lexicon

    • Authors: Türkan Oya EKMEKCİ GERONYMAKİS; Ayşe ŞENTÜRER
      Abstract: The conception of time evolves from absolute towards more ambiguous in light of different scientific approaches. It becomes questionable to explain all physical phenomena with a single definition of time. Temporality in architecture can be studied in different dimensions; nevertheless, it is mainly considered in relation with the concepts of space and time. This article aims to focus on specifically temporality of an open-ended research approach in architecture. It introduces an interconnected reading method and explicates the research layers and their relations through an architectural lexicon. Therefore, it deciphers an on-going PhD research called Architectural Lexicon on Void, which seeks to contribute to building a new architectural vocabulary. Based on the approach of interconnectivity, it interprets the lexicon as a means of “reading” and “understanding” the concept of void in architecture.In order to discuss temporality, the article touches the idea of openness by Eco and Deleuze, together with Bergson’s idea of duration. It considers temporality of this research process as an open whole which consists of multiple durations and studies the research layers within this frame.
      PubDate: Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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