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  Subjects -> ARCHITECTURE (Total: 219 journals)
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Architecture Research
Number of Followers: 19  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2168-507X - ISSN (Online) 2168-5088
Published by SAP Homepage  [105 journals]
  • Rehabilitation of Villages and Heritage Sites with the Integration of
           Cinematic Environment for Urban Heritage Sustainability in Saudi Arabia

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2020Source: Architecture Research, Volume 10, Number 3Asaad Ali Suleiman Abou GhazalaKingdom of Saudi Arabia has many images of heritage; we find the wealthy folklore of stories, legends, poems, proverbs, arts and crafts. Saudi heritage represents one of the concerns of the Kingdom's Vision 2030; and that is because it represents a cornerstone of Saudi national identity. So, it was necessary to maintain it through dissemination and by revitalizing tourism and providing some historical experiences that represent the environment of this heritage. And the coexistence of individuals with this experience in these heritage villages as an integrated environment, as he moves from the present to the time of antiquity. Heritage villages like (Ayoun Al-Jawa town, Al-Khabraa heritage town, Al-Midnab town) are the largest part of the architectural heritage in the Kingdom comprising of buildings, sites and villages. Most of these villages have been subjected to urban and social changes that have contributed to the deterioration and most of them have collapsed. Some of these villages are on the verge of extinction because of the destruction, neglect and difficulty in the restoration process. The research aims to explore the possibility of rehabilitation of heritage villages as heritage cinematic cities; an integrated urban environment to embody the environmental and urban reality of antiquity. The aim is to either produce some historical films and serials documenting Saudi folklore or revitalizing tourism as an experience in which the individual looking forward to coexistence between past and present with experiencing the lives of ancestors. The researches deal with an analytical study of the vocabulary and values of heritage in Saudi Arabia; and study both the concept of film cities and travel through time because they have influence and contemporary interest to many. And the way of using them in the rehabilitation of heritage villages in the Kingdom to achieve preservation to consolidate the national identity of Saudi Arabia. And to ensure that their values, content, traditions, authentic faith, language and ideas are preserved for future generations. Depending on the analytical and theoretical research, an inductive approach and deductive approach to prove that.
       
  • Post-Pandemic Cities - The Impact of COVID-19 on Cities and Urban Design

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2020Source: Architecture Research, Volume 10, Number 3Sara Eltarabily, Dalia ElghezanwyThroughout history, pandemics have always shaped cities; many health issues have been reflected on architecture and urban planning. Today, the world faces a public health crisis of COVID-19 pandemic, perhaps the worst in more than a century, which resulted in the emergence of many challenges for cities to face this epidemic. But what will happen after the pandemic' Will the global epidemic affect reshaping cities and urban areas' The rise in the number of people infected with Coronavirus and the increasing number of deaths may result in a review of the usual city-design strategies. The aim of the study is a literary review to study the relationship between the impacts of the epidemic on the city and urban design, historically and currently. It proposes new recommendations in the field of healthy urban design, In addition to studying the most important strategies of the cities that have proven effectiveness in dealing with this global epidemic to guide future research.
       
  • Rethinking Urban Waterfront as a Potential Public Open Space:
           Interpretative Framework of Surma Waterfront

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2020Source: Architecture Research, Volume 10, Number 3Zannat Ara Dilshad Shangi, Mohammad Tanvir Hasan, Md. Imtiaz AhmadWaterfront is a great natural resource for the urban dwellers to get the recreational and economic benefit. The increase in economic value, leisure, public health and tourism sector has created an opportunity to rethink the waterfront area. Sylhet city divided by the Surma River is an example of declining waterfront while there is hardly any public space for recreational benefit inside the whole city. Naturally, the river has divided the city into two parts lined with two different urban edges. This separation has identically changed the urban morphology in two banks. However, the city corporation authority took initiative to make waterfront aesthetically pleasing rather than constructing a comprehensive plan in order to build responsive public open space. This paper examines the current physical condition as accessibility, transport and transit, land use, public activity and variety of function surrounding waterfront in order to identify the reason of waterfront degradation. As a qualitative research, the observation survey will be conducted to understand the physical condition of the study area. The research will conclude with the scope of strategic urban design guidelines to generate an economically enrich, socially logical and publicly vibrant urban waterfront.
       
  • Investigation for Energy Use and Conservation of Sustainable Traditional
           Architecture: Case of Malatya/Turkey Bahri Mosque

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2020Source: Architecture Research, Volume 10, Number 2Nihal Arda Akyıldız, Tuba Nur OlğunTraditional architecture is a unique value that has unique qualities with design decisions and application / use styles. Although they have similar features, each of the buildings with traditional architectural features differs from the others with their own details. In this sense, traditional buildings contain many values that can be a reference for today's architecture with their unique, unique and worthy features. The qualities of traditional architecture are in perfect harmony with today's sustainability understanding both in terms of design and application. In this sense, it is seen that traditional structures stand out strikingly in the effective use and conservation of energy, which is one of the main parameters of architectural sustainability. Civil architecture works constitute the major part of these traditional buildings; monumental structures can also be evaluated as having a quality worth examining in terms of energy use and conservation with their unique features. The purpose of this study; to analyze the preferred design criteria to reference today's sustainable architectural understanding of century-old traditional religious buildings. From this point of view, besides contributing to the transition from traditional architecture to sustainable architecture, it is possible to carry the design decisions and material choices arising from the perspective of obtaining maximum benefit in energy use to today's construction process. Within the scope of the study, the literature on traditional architecture-sustainability and traditional architecture-energy conservation has been examined. In the light of the data obtained, the Bahri Mosque, which is selected in the Battalgazi district of Malatya province and located in the Bahri district, has been examined in terms of planning, land settlement, local materials, energy resource usage and sustainable architectural features. In the context of evaluations made as a result of the study, with the awareness of the existence of sustainable architectural examples in centuries-old traditional architecture in Anatolia; It is aimed to provide a reference to today's modern architecture in terms of energy use.
       
  • Investigation of the Relationship Between the Concept of Belonging and
           Sustainable Urban Conservation Process: The Case of İzmir- Sığacık
           Inter Castle Settlement

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2020Source: Architecture Research, Volume 10, Number 2Nihal Arda Akyıldız, Tuba Nur OlğunPeople's lives and daily behavior patterns; comes to life in the social and physical environment to which they belong. The individual interacts with the space as a 'subject' in the first order and creates the process of transforming it into 'place'. The bond / emotion that the individual establishes with the space provides the richness and interaction of his daily and social life. Space-subject relationship is also closely related to the individual's sense of belonging. Being a part of a place can be considered as an important parameter of space choice for the user. In this context, the protection and sustainability of the places are successful in direct proportion with the sense of belonging to the user. Considering the traditional urban areas reevaluated by conservation studies today, the continuity of the use of individuals living and working in these areas is of great importance in the context of the sustainability of these areas. The users' feelings of these areas ensure that the physical interventions are positive in the context of conservation and sustainability. Conservation of regions where traditional texture is present in growing cities; While maintaining the existence of urban spaces, on the other hand, it maintains the continuity of the social and spatial life with which the individual is associated with the bond. In this context, accepting the sense of individual and social belonging as one of the basic planning parameters in the urban conservation process; is an important issue for both social and spatial sustainability. The aim of the study is to examine the traces of the concept of belonging through the conservation and sustainability of traditional settlements in urban areas and open them for discussion. In this context, the urban protection, sustainability and belonging phenomena are examined, and İzmir-Sığacık castle area, which is selected as an example area and where these phenomena stand out, is discussed. Sığacık Castle settlement, which allows the results of the sense of belonging with its permanent users and touristic aspects to be evaluated from different perspectives, is a very rich example in the context of the relationship between belonging-urban conservation and sustainability. As a working method, the related literature has been examined and on-site observations are detailed. From this point of view, the study is thought to be useful in emphasizing the relationship between urban conservation and sustainability not only with concrete-physical concepts but also with abstractness, which is an abstract concept.
       
  • Technological Interventions in Building Facade System: Energy Efficiency
           and Environmental Sustainability

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2020Source: Architecture Research, Volume 10, Number 2Mohammad Arif KamalBuilding facades affect indoor thermal comfort. The dual effects of reducing building energy consumption and improving indoor thermal comfort can be achieved by adopting a passive design in a reasonable manner. High-performance sustainable building facades are exterior enclosures that use the least possible amount of energy to maintain a comfortable interior environment, which promotes the health and productivity of the building's occupants. The objective of the research is to investigate and understand the high performance building facade systems, especially employed in tall buildings in present day contemporary architecture. In this paper, a qualitative evaluation research method is used. The research methodology comprises of case studies, visual observation and data collection. The various modern trends in high performance building facade system employed in contemporary tall buildings around the world through five case studies have been analysed in this paper.
       
  • Walkability in Different Contexts in Neighbourhood Planning: An Overview

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2020Source: Architecture Research, Volume 10, Number 1Ismail Mustapha SulaimanWalking has been shown to be a healthy and eco-friendly activity. Over the last decade, the study of different walkable places has increased and has been encouraged because walkability is a unique attribute of each setting. With the Neighbourhood as a primary frame of reference this paper summarises and compares walkability studies that have taken place in different contexts, within different cities and countries. A bibliometric study was done to show the spread of walkability studies in academic literature. Selected studies were then summarised to highlight their theoretical premise, methodology and results. The studies were then compared based on their scales, objective assessment of the environment and assessment of pedestrian perception. The study provides an overview of the approaches and methods that can be taken to assess walkability in different Neighborhoods.
       
  • Assessing the Effect of Building Obsolescence on Property Values in Uyo,
           Nigeria

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2020Source: Architecture Research, Volume 10, Number 1Okey Francis Nwanekezie, Robert Walpole NwangumaThis study investigated the effect of building obsolescence on rental values of property in Uyo Metropolis. Total enumeration survey of thirty-six (36) estate surveying firms in Uyo was conducted, and twenty-four (24) of them responded positively. Relative importance Index (RII) and linear regression analysis were used to analyze the gathered data. The study showed that the age of buildings, construction faults, level of deterioration, poor level and standard of services, poor accessibility and over-supplied market significantly impacted on the level of building obsolescence. It also concluded that the rental value is directly related to and affected by the degree of obsolescence. The study advocated for effective and efficient property management to help check the rate of obsolescence on buildings.
       
  • Examination of the Challenges and Impact of Building Plan Approval
           Procedure on Real Estate Development in Uyo, Nigeria

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2020Source: Architecture Research, Volume 10, Number 1Okey Francis Nwanekezie, Robert Walpole NwangumaThe landscape of Uyo metropolis is littered with buildings marked with ‘stop work’ order and this study sought to investigate the process of obtaining building plan approval and its impact on building construction or property development in the area. A cross-section of two hundred and twelve (212) applicants of building plan approval between 2011 and 2015 were surveyed. The gathered data were analyzed using simple percentages and relative importance index. The study found that less than half of the applicants received approval to commence building development and that it took an average of 6 months to 12 months to secure the approval. It was also shown that majority of buildings in Uyo metropolis are without building plan approval. Poor communication between the planning authority and developers, the high cost of application fees, and the extended period time it takes to obtain approval were found to be some of the challenges encountered by the applicants. This study also found that the existing procedure of building plan approval usually slow down the pace of construction activities and encourage unapproved construction of buildings. The study amongst other recommendations advocated for a total reform of the existing building plan approval system.
       
  • Self-Shading Walls to Improve Environmental Performance in Desert
           Buildings

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2020Source: Architecture Research, Volume 10, Number 1Merhan M. ShahdaThe self-shading of the walls reduces the temperature of the surface exposed to direct sunlight, thereby reducing the amount of heat transmitted through them. This feature presents a solution rendered by nature to reduce temperature in hot areas, the fact that inspires the possibility of reducing building temperature and thus reducing energy consumption used in cooling. Therefore, the study aims to present proposals to create shadows on opaque solid walls, as the walls represent the largest area exposed to solar radiation, in order to improve the thermal performance inside buildings. Accordingly, the study was divided into three parts. Firstly: analyzing the principle of self-shading in nature and understanding the bases of thermal transfer. Secondly: devising an idea to achieve self-shading of the walls with the lowest costs and affordable materials to facilitate the application of the idea in developing countries. Thirdly: propose alternatives to self-shading walls using bricks as a building material and evaluate these alternatives using simulation programs. The first proposed pattern: Vertical Protruding Ribs, the second proposed pattern: Horizontal Protruding Ribs, the third proposed pattern: Staggered Protruding Brick Molds. In addition, the study presented a base case model without protrusions to compare with, to facilitate the assessment of the impact of self-shading on raising the efficiency of thermal performance within the spaces. Consequently, after the stage of analysis and results, the study has reached, through simulation tests, that alternatives succeeded in reducing the outer surface temperature, ∆ 𝑇, Ext Sunlit, and Solar Incident compared to the base case. Moreover, the Horizontal Protruding Ribs achieved the best results.
       
 
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