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  Subjects -> ARCHITECTURE (Total: 219 journals)
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Journal of Architecture and Urbanism
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.175
Number of Followers: 21  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2029-7955 - ISSN (Online) 2029-7947
Published by Vilnius Gediminas Technical University Homepage  [15 journals]
  • Fostering integrated design in an academic environment: process and a
           method

    • Authors: Lu Aye, Brendon McNiven, Dominik Holzer
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: In conventional building design projects architects make pre-design and conceptual design decisions on buildings and hand these down to structural and building services engineers to follow up with design development. It is well known that the conceptual design stage of a project is the point where decisions make the most impact, and changes can be made at least cost. The sustainability and innovation aspects of projects often suffer in this respect. One way of addressing this is through Integrated Design Methods that set out mobilise the full potential of all design disciplines on a project by getting them to work effectively together. This method involves architect, engineers, contractors, and owners/clients in all design phases. The current literature reported fundamental principles and processes of Integrated Design however current industry practices do not fully embrace them. Introducing integrated design studios into university pedagogies is a key step in addressing this. Reports on methods of setting up integrated design studios in a university context are however rare. The aim of this article is to develop and document the underlying settings for such design studios. The principles and best practices for applying integrated design are identified. A specific framework of settings in university context is developed and the justifications presented. This article may be of value for the industry and universities to setup integrated design studios to better foster integrated design education.
      PubDate: 2022-02-02
      DOI: 10.3846/jau.2022.14948
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The structure of a modern school – case study

    • Authors: Grėtė Vilbikienė
      Pages: 11 - 19
      Abstract: The aim of this article is to test and apply the developed methodology of research on the correlation between the physical learning environment and education, analysing Vilnius Geroji Viltis Progymnasium. The article analyses functional-spatial structure and usability of the selected school (applying the principles of post occupancy evaluation (POE), and analyses the school culture and the needs of school community groups, which are compared with modern Lithuanian educational goals and objectives. The functional-spatial structure of the analysed school is compared with the general school model of the 21st century formed in the author’s previous research, which distinguishes 7 features of the physical learning environment that define the quality of the modern learning environment. It also examines the extent to which the current physical school environment satisfies and meets the school culture and community needs. The article provides guidelines for the implementation of the harmony of school culture (values and needs) and its physical environment, which allows each school to self-assess the physical learning environment and its cultural and 21st century school physical environment characteristics and assumptions and opportunities to meet them.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.3846/jau.2022.15457
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Post office and the sustainability of triangle historical area in Semarang
           from the traditional era to the colonial era

    • Authors: Siti Rukayah, Sudarmawan Juwono, Annica Etenia
      Pages: 20 - 32
      Abstract: Development of information and communication technology changed mail delivery services in various parts of the world in the twenty centuries. In Java, the increase in postal services as Dutch East Indies government infrastructure) grew along with the construction of the Postweg line (postal road) in 1809–1811. The road networks pass through Jakarta – Semarang, Surabaya, and another small-town facility and now the postal networks became a heritage. The networks of post building in Semarang are unique compared to other big cities in Java. The Dutch East Indies government anticipated the geography of Semarang when they developed the expansion of the town to the south and utilized it by postal services. The government has issued a cultural heritage regulation for buildings and areas, but has not touched the conservation network of heritage. Based on that problem, this paper aimed to reveal Semarang city pattern used post office and infrastructure as a tool for analysing city morphology and suggested to conserve the heritage network. The method used was urban design with the historical approach, the post office location, settlements, road networks, and geographic conditions. The research findings showed that the postal infrastructure formed the sustainability of Semarang city from local-Dutch Indies rule in triangle form. The city’s geographical factor also influenced the city’s layout. The local and colonial city character in this triangle area is still preserved, although some minor changes in the area postweg road. The sustainability city layout from the era of local government – the Dutch East Indies in Semarang by making the city centre of the local government (in the top of the triangle) as the centre of urban design should be input on the heritage regulation as areas conservation.
      PubDate: 2022-03-03
      DOI: 10.3846/jau.2022.15242
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Archiving traditional houses through digital social mapping: an innovation
           approach for living heritage conservation in Java

    • Authors: Atiek Suprapti, Anang Wahyu Sejati, Edward Endrianto Pandelaki, Agung Budi Sardjono
      Pages: 33 - 47
      Abstract: Indonesia has various types of traditional houses, one of which is the most unique architectural work that is the Joglo Pencu (JP) house. It also has a meaning by reason of a symbol which defines as the development of culture and identity. The role of community in the conservation of cultural heritage buildings is very important. However, due to the pressure of urbanization, many heritage buildings transitioned into modern houses. The study area is the historic area of Kudus city, which previously had a significant influence on Islamic architecture due to its residential model. This study aims to provide a social mapping using GIS and primary survey involves community participation of living heritage. As a result, IT becomes the bridge between conservation needs and management patterns of structured organizations that connects all stakeholders. By innovation of digital social mapping, it will be a bridge for the participation of living heritage community with a more transparent and accountable conservation management. In this case, it is shown that Kudus has experienced cultural shifting and transition in traditional houses. The architectural design of the houses that was initially in JP has begun to disappear. The role of the community in social mapping is very decisive in providing data accuracy. Lacking in preservation and maintenance are the main factors, especially the minimum effort from local government. Therefore, active cooperation between cultural communities, communities, and the government is needed to be able to keep the existence of JP intact as a historical heritage building.
      PubDate: 2022-04-04
      DOI: 10.3846/jau.2022.14275
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Effects of sunlight and shadow on the surfaces of pigeon towers in Central
           Asia: Case studies in Iran, Qatar, Egypt and Saudi Arabia

    • Authors: Kourosh Momeni, Tohid Shiri
      Pages: 48 - 57
      Abstract: In many parts of the world, especially Central Asia, pigeon towers have been constructed as traditional buildings with different forms and types to keep pigeons. These buildings are cylindrical, cubic, dome-like and multi-cylinder in shape. This study was conducted to identify the effects of sunlight and shadow on the surfaces of pigeon towers in Iran, Qatar, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia with hot and dry or humid climates. Several pigeon towers with different types and structures in these countries were selected and modeled in detail in Rhino 5. Radiance and Ecotect were then employed to measure solar radiation and shadow on the surfaces of the pigeon towers on the hottest day of the year. According to the graphical and numerical results obtained, sunlight and shadow differently affected the surfaces of the different pigeon towers. The effect level of sunlight and shadow on the single-form pigeon towers was higher than on the vaults. In fact, solar radiation was lower and shadow was higher per square meter of the surfaces of the vaults constructed as pigeon towers in close proximity. These houses were therefore found to be the optimal type for the hot and dry or humid climate in Central Asia.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      DOI: 10.3846/jau.2022.14757
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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