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  Subjects -> ARCHITECTURE (Total: 219 journals)
Showing 201 - 264 of 264 Journals sorted by number of followers
The Journal of Integrated Security and Safety Science (JISSS)     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Nepalese Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Delta Urbanism     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Student Project Reporting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
UOU Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Architectural and Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Public Space     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cultural Heritage and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Actas de Arquitectura Religiosa Contemporánea     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Design, Tecnologia e Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Creative Space     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oz : the Journal of the College of Architecture, Planning &Design at Kansas State University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
On the w@terfront. Public Art. Urban Design. Civic Participation. Urban Regeneration     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estructuras     Open Access  
Sinektika : Jurnal Arsitektur     Open Access  
Arquitectura Más (Arquitectura +)     Open Access  
interFACES     Open Access  

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Journal of Architecture and Urbanism
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.175
Number of Followers: 22  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2029-7955 - ISSN (Online) 2029-7947
Published by Vilnius Gediminas Technical University Homepage  [15 journals]
  • Measuring the relationship between spatial configuration concept variables
           and flexibility components

    • Authors: Pedram Hessari, Farhad Chegeni
      Pages: 89–9 - 89–9
      Abstract: Flexibility has been one of the valuable concepts in architecture due to the emphasis on the formation of a variable space to meet the needs of users and their peace and comfort over time. The main components of flexibility in a space system are multi-functional space, seasonal and daily displacement, and component separation and aggregation. Overall flexibility is a structural and conceptual concept that means the ability to make internal changes in a spatial system. On the other hand, the concept of spatial configuration emphasizes that space is the main factor and core of how events occur. To understand and explain the spatial configuration, one should look for a suitable method that responds to the environmental characteristics, one of the most important methods for understanding the spatial configuration is the space arrangement method. This method determines the configuration of a spatial system with the help of its variables, which are: coherence, depth, space difference, isovist, and visual accessibility. The main goal of this research is to know the relationship between spatial configuration variables and flexibility components in the spatial system of traditional houses in the Sufian neighborhood of Borujerd. This research is of applied type and has been done through correlation strategy and space layout method. The tool for collecting information in this research is documentary and library research and a survey through a questionnaire. To evaluate the variables and components of spatial configuration and flexibility, the relationship between the components and variables is first measured using the correlation method and spss software. The statistical population for measuring the relationship between flexibility components and spatial configuration variables is 25 experts and university professors. In the next step, five houses from the traditional houses of the Sufian Boroujerd neighborhood will be measured and evaluated using specialized space layout software to determine the variables of the concept of spatial configuration and their relationship with flexibility components. The results of this research show that the multi-functional space component in flexibility with depth and visual accessibility variables in the concept of spatial configuration, the seasonal and daily displacement component in flexibility with interconnected variables, space difference and isovist in the concept of spatial configuration and the component of separation and aggregation in flexibility is related to the interlinking variables, depth, and difference of space in the concept of spatial configuration.
      PubDate: 2022-10-17
      DOI: 10.3846/jau.2022.16437
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Inclusive space for children in vertical housing

    • Authors: Edward Endrianto Pandelaki, Satriya Wahyu Firmandhani
      Pages: 100– - 100–
      Abstract: This paper aims to explore forms and types of space in vertical housing in order to support the creation of inclusive living environments for children, through observing children’s activities and the available spaces and facilities. The field observation was carried out in vertical housing and their surrounding environments in Indonesia and Japan. Housing is currently in high demand in Indonesia, but land availability in cities is limited whereas children population in Indonesia has reached about one third of total population. Vertical buildings, thus, become one of feasible solution. Meanwhile Japan, as a developed country, has implemented vertical housing for a long time to meet society’s needs in various places and forms. Housing as a living environment which is suitable for children sometimes receives little attention, especially when there are challenges of limited resources. Therefore there are not many spaces that designated to accommodate various children activities. On the other hand, spaces in vertical housing have their potential to support a child-inclusive living environments. In this study, the qualitative method was employed to explore vertical housing living environments and spaces for children. The results indicated there are three scales of spaces that need to receive attention to the creation of inclusive living environment for children in vertical housing, namely micro, meso, and macro spaces.
      PubDate: 2022-10-19
      DOI: 10.3846/jau.2022.15250
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Poetics of reuse of the historical heritage: three case studies of
           ephemeral architecture in Venice

    • Authors: Alessandro Zorzetto, Ángela Barrios Padura, Marta Molina Huelva, Mauro Marzo
      Pages: 107– - 107–
      Abstract: The archetype of the vessel, declined ontologically as heterotopia and etymologically as trait d’union of a community, becomes the pretext to propose the restoration of Venice’s citizenship through a “poetics of reuse”. The relationship between ephemeral architecture and historical heritage is analysed according to the three criteria identified by Pierre Pinon. The concept of reutilisation is declined through building materials. Reconversion is identified through examples of radical change of use of historic military buildings. Reappropriation is associated with the temporary expansion of the potential of public space through architectural installations. Case studies corresponding to each category are identified, and from the primary sources the three-dimensional redesign of these projects is contextualised in the historical surroundings, in order to deduce considerations regarding the relationship between the two frameworks. Since the case studies are very extensive and rather heterogeneous, the novelty lies in the transversal reading approach that returns the Biennale’s magnificent centenary activity directly to the city and its inhabitants, subverting the negative connotation that cultural tourism has acquired on the island. The research aims to create an atlas of ephemeral architecture, define a taxonomy and draw up a document containing guidelines for future experiences of ephemeral architecture in the city.
      PubDate: 2022-11-07
      DOI: 10.3846/jau.2022.17078
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • An overview of the urbanism style during the Italian era in Benghazi
           downtown, Libya

    • Authors: Ali Eltrapolsi
      Pages: 117– - 117–
      Abstract: Axiomatically, urban fabric is the result of civilizations and ideas overlapping rather than being bound to a single civilization or culture. Benghazi, like many other Arab cities in developing countries, retains relics of its past in the old city core. This urban fabric’s visual character is created by reflecting the underlying cultural background, practices, beliefs, and climatic conditions in its content. Therefore, it is necessary to assess the concepts that have been used to develop Italian urbanism before trying to rebuild the damaged urban fabric.
      This study presents the urban pattern of old Benghazi in order to understand the values inherited from the past and the impact of the Italian urban expansion. A second part of the research provides an overview of the extension of the urban fabric, starting from the Italian square, located within the old city. As a final point, the discussion and conclusion presented the concept and relationship of formations in Italian architecture that achieve a unique transition by experiencing architectural principles, their basic components, and their comfortable surroundings at the moment.
      PubDate: 2022-11-10
      DOI: 10.3846/jau.2022.16952
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Imageability and legibility: cognitive analysis and visibility assessment
           in Galle heritage city

    • Authors: Tharushi Abeynayake, Lakshika Meetiyagoda, Nayomi Kankanamge, Palpola Kankanamge Senevirathne Mahanama
      Pages: 126– - 126–
      Abstract: The concepts of imageability and legibility are important aspects of urban design. Many scholars use the terms “imageability” and “legibility” interchangeably, usually examining one concept and applying the implications to the other. This research explores the relationship between these two concepts by answering the research questions: 1. how do people perceive the saliency of landmarks (imageability) and 2. how does the spatial configuration facilitate the visibility level of landmarks (legibility)' The Galle Heritage City in Sri Lanka is considered as the case study. The first part of the empirical study is to assess the level of imageability of urban space users by completing 100 cognitive maps and producing a composite cognitive map that indicates the structural landmarks’ salience or the level of imageability. The second part is the level of legibility of the landmarks by employing the visibility assessment process and the third part compares the two results with a concurrence matrix. The findings highlight that there is a positive relationship between people’s perception (imageability) and level of visibility (legibility). Further, imageability mostly depends on semantic properties than legibility, but legibility predominantly depends on structural properties and visual properties are almost equally important to both concepts. 
      PubDate: 2022-11-14
      DOI: 10.3846/jau.2022.16177
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Development of Spanish villages through oral memory: mid-twentieth century
           El Campello

    • Authors: Mercedes Galiana, Salvador Conesa, Aurora Alcaide-Ramírez
      Pages: 137– - 137–
      Abstract: Oral memory is one amongst the most valuable sources of human knowledge, even more so nowadays when the COVID-19 pandemic has taken so many of our elders out. The personal narratives of our towns’ dwellers during the past century let us know not only their way of life, customs, and traditions, but also the morphology of the city, its layout and urban evolution, its architecture –both for family homes and monuments–, and most significant of all, the way of using said spaces. The researchers behind this paper, in partnership with Grup Salpassa and the Council of El Campello, have chosen a methodology based on the oral history to expand the knowledge of the mid-20th century village by means of a series of interviews with some octogenarian locals –shaped as thematic “micro-histories”, published on social media, and orthophotos, which are subject to urban analysis with the location of streets, public buildings, facilities, and commercial areas. All this is accompanied by moving and previously unpublished images of everyday life and festivities, which set up a stronger emotional bond and stronger terrain roots for current societies.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.3846/jau.2022.16410
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • A study of restorative potential in window views adopting Kaplan’s
           attention restoration theory and urban visual preferences defined by Lynch
           

    • Authors: Ljudmila Koprivec, Martina Zbašnik-Senegačnik, Živa Kristl
      Pages: 148– - 148–
      Abstract: Window views can enable restorativeness. Previous studies define characteristics of natural environment that trigger restorativeness, but fewer studies are dealing with restorative characteristics of urban environment. The purpose of this study is to identify qualities that enable restorativeness in natural and urban window views. Using a questionnaire survey as a method for obtaining the research data, responses of architectural students are analysed. To identify restorative potential in window views evaluation method according to Kaplan’s Attention Restoration Theory (ART) is used. Additional evaluation method for urban views is applied using Lynch’s theory of designing urban space that people can enjoy. Our findings show that urban views can be analysed according to Lynch’s visual qualities to identify the restorative potential of urban environments. Our findings also show that Lynch’s criteria may coincide with Kaplan’s criteria for assessing restorativeness. To define restorative potential in urban views in an early design phase, new evaluation methods are needed to transcend the renowned Kaplan’s Attention Restoration Theory into more approachable design mechanisms for designers and decision makers. Well-being of the inhabitants in a future dense urban environment will only be provided with an adequate window view.
      PubDate: 2022-11-29
      DOI: 10.3846/jau.2022.16158
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Architectural and urban transformations of large housing estate related to
           functional diversification: case of Kelenföld in Budapest

    • Authors: Hlib Antypenko, Melinda Benkő
      Pages: 160– - 160–
      Abstract: Large housing estates (LHEs) is a global product of modern planning and architecture based on the concept of the functional city. However, during the last decades, these inherited mass housing neighborhoods have been gradually transformed in their social and physical context. Much of this change is due to functional diversification of LHEs following rising consummation demands. The objective of the research is to create a general simple typology discovering this phenomenon and providing a method to make case study analysis and comparative studies. How to classify functional diversification and morphological transformations in LHEs in general' What are the functional and morphological values that were preserved from modern development period and what are the new characteristics of contemporary transformations' What are the special characteristics of the functional diversification in a post-socialist city' Kelenföld case study from Budapest is introduced to test the typology by using local documents and fieldwork methods in architecture: mapping, morphological analysis, and photo making. Kelenföld is one of the best located and the first LHE in Budapest realized with large panel technology in the 60’s, being today intensively developed and favored by its users.
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.3846/jau.2022.17462
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Building new heritage for the future: investigating community architecture
           paradigms in contemporary architecture of Iran (1978–2020)

    • Authors: Hamed Kamelnia, Pirouz Hanachi
      Pages: 171– - 171–
      Abstract: Contemporary Iranian architecture in the last forty decades has been influenced by different currents and trends, from modern trends to postmodern and kitsch and attention to regionalism in recent years. Yet, there have been fewer participatory approaches in design and especially community architecture. As an approach, participatory architecture has not been a suitable approach for many architects because they believe the user interference leads the project to a wrong path, and it is a time-consuming process. On the other side, some governments make seductive participation for some political aims. Many recourses in this field talk about the user’s direct participation in the design process, and also many of the cases are not outstanding in contemporary architecture literature. So just a seduce participation occurs during design. Some methods used in this kind are questionnaires, workshops, interviews, etc. Some cases consider involvement during the project’s construction phases (especially in developing countries). Assessing different successful Iranian projects in four recent decades shows a little kind of participatory methods in CA of Iran. The lack of usage of community architecture paradigms leads to not being too good architecture practices. Some projects with a successful appearance made community design principles in the design process. Combining regionalism and community design approaches make responsible and sustainable projects for the future. In this study, by using the PAR research method, the typology of participatory architecture in contemporary Iranian architecture has been analyzed. Seven typologies of participation in the design process show different levels and conditions of participation for users and architects. Some typologies such as interpretive and regional participation consider more values, costumes and user behaviors, and they are more indirect. In the next step, using the case study research method and qualitative analysis by the ATLAS.ti software, the relationship between the concepts of community architecture and its impact on the formation of Iranian architecture has been discussed. Different typologies of participation in architectural cases are wide ranges of successful methods of participation that if far from previous typical involvement consideration in social mobilization and questioner’s procedures. Today, questionnaire participation and social mobilization are named seduce participation (also, in some cases, may be useful). In recent years, the tendency towards participatory design with interpretive and regionalism approaches has increased. Studies show the use of three branches: 1 – Elements of traditional Iranian-Islamic architecture (29 codes), incorporation with the environment (23 codes), use of natural light (17 codes) are the most important reasons for the formation of today’s Iranian architecture. In recent years, by combining the concepts of community architecture (29 codes) with emphasis on identity (4 codes), transparency (4 codes), attention to user needs (3 codes), privacy, sense of belonging, sense of ownership, and sense of unity have become the main criterion of architectural formations. Today, assessing the contemporary architecture of Iran (recent decades) shows the usage of responsible typologies of participation in the design process have a good impact on the built environment, and it also improves the condition of life for user and respects values, culture, costumes, needs and ideas, literature survey and recommends a sustainable future. The most influential factors in contemporary Iranian architectural ideas in recent years include topics such as the Usage of Iranian-Islamic traditional elements, harmony with nature, and natural light. Combining Iranian-Islamic traditional architecture elements (such as courtyards, Koushk, etc.) with community design architectural concepts with solutions such as social spaces, flexibility, platform spaces, courtyards are the most important features of the formation of today’s architecture. Central courtyard, Eyvan, and the Persian garden have been the three main elements of today’s Iranian architecture.
      PubDate: 2022-12-22
      DOI: 10.3846/jau.2022.16663
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Architecture, water and well-being in Islamic culture and beyond

    • Authors: Almantas Liudas Samalavičius
      Pages: 191– - 191–
      Abstract: The article aims to reconsider the historical role, peculiarities, significance, and meaning of water in traditional Islamic culture and society. The emergence of long-lasting systems of water supply in the territories that eventually gave rise to Islamic culture resulted in elaborate aesthetics of water most commonly associated with the phenomenon of the Islamic garden. In a piece of what might be described as a generalist’s interest, the author of the article examines this phenomenon and aesthetics of Islamic garden from the point of view of the history of ideas and attempts to grasp its universal features, which contributed to the dissemination of the cultural phenomenon beyond the Islamic realm and hadan impetus on the development of water culture in post-medieval Western Europe, especially during the Renaissance and Baroque eras when encounters with some of the Islamic cultural phenomena became more common and lasting. It is suggested that it was specifically the water culture of Islam that had an impact upon Western imagination and cultural practices from the dawn of the modern era. The author claims that the legacy of Islamic culture in the field of water aesthetics can be applied and used today in various regions even if symbolism of water has largely given ways to other concerns, among them about the future of the environment.
      PubDate: 2022-12-22
      DOI: 10.3846/jau.2022.17593
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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