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  Subjects -> ARCHITECTURE (Total: 219 journals)
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TECHNE - Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.218
Number of Followers: 11  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2239-0243 - ISSN (Online) 2239-0243
Published by Firenze University Press Homepage  [36 journals]
  • Interconnected crises and design complexity

    • Authors: Mario Losasso
      Pages: 7 - 9
      Abstract: Crisi, futuro, progresso Crisi e nuove generazioni, insieme ad ambiente e tecnologia, sono le parole chiave di un dibattito che, dagli anni ’70, affronta il tema delle crisi periodiche che attraversano la nostra contemporaneità: nel presente la crisi ormai si manifesta con molteplici crisi fra loro intrecciate, poiché i confini tra quella ambientale, quella sociale e quella sanitaria sono labili e impongono la necessità di una risposta che abbia analoghi gradi di complessità e di multipolarità (Scomodo, 2021). L’accumulazione di criticità transnazionali e locali ha condotto a una saturazione del sistema globalizzato planetario, mentre la fase di incertezza definisce tendenze verso una de-standardizzazione, una crescente eterogeneità, un’instabilità sociale e sempre maggiori disuguaglianze (Mingione, 2019). La stessa ideologia della globalizzazione ha subito una profonda ridefinizione con un aumento dei divari a causa del liberismo economico incontrollato e della nascita di movimenti che apportano radicalizzazioni estreme nella società (Piketty, 2020).
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12913
       
  • Editorial

    • Authors: Elena Mussinelli
      Pages: 10 - 14
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12914
       
  • For a necessary change

    • Authors: Elena Mussinelli, Fabrizio Schiaffonati, Maria Chiara Torricelli
      Pages: 15 - 20
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12915
       
  • Buildings, city and territory between real complexity and decision-making
           reductivism

    • Authors: Francesco Karrer
      Pages: 21 - 25
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12916
       
  • The PNRR to regenerate Italian organisations in the ecological and digital
           transition

    • Authors: Federico Butera
      Pages: 26 - 34
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12917
       
  • The sharp changes in demand accelerated by the pandemic. The response
           needed to raise the quality of life in cities

    • Authors: Regina De Albertis
      Pages: 35 - 38
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12918
       
  • Reportage

    • Authors: Francesca Thiébat
      Pages: 39 - 44
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12919
       
  • How to tackle climate fragilities by DMDU. Making possible with
           regenerative design

    • Authors: Simona Mannucci, Michele Morganti
      Pages: 45 - 53
      Abstract: The complex interaction between city and climate crisis is converting design-based disciplines from deterministic to flexible approaches. In this regard, Decision-Making Under Deep Uncertainty (DMDU) methods and operational strategies can be valuable support mechanisms to cope with the emerging climate fragilities of urban systems. In light of recent advances in the field of adaptive approaches, this paper discusses key concepts, current limitations and the potential to introduce the DMDU in the method and practices of regenerative design. Our critical discussion aims to restore the designer’s role within the DMDU and to reduce current and future climate fragilities in European cities.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12136
       
  • The role of Architectural Technology for the ecological transition
           envisaged by the PNRR

    • Authors: Andrea Tartaglia, Giovanni Castaldo, Adolfo F.L. Baratta
      Pages: 54 - 61
      Abstract: In the face of the challenges of effectiveness and efficiency of resource expenditure imposed by the Piano Nazionale di Ripresa e Resilienza (PNRR) and by the Next Generation EU (NGEU), the solutions introduced in Italy mainly appear to be of an emergency nature, with the adoption of extraordinary procedures and an overall “containment” of the Public Procurement Code. This essay, recognising the current scenario as an opportunity for structurally redefining methods and processes with particular attention to the dimension of the feasibility and environmental sustainability of the interventions, aims to investigate the possible contributions of the technological area for the innovation of practices and tools in the field of planning-design-construction-management of public works in Italy.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12133
       
  • Managing the eco-social transition: communities in action to build
           possible futures

    • Authors: Raffaella Riva, Grazia Aldovini, Raul Dal Santo
      Pages: 62 - 68
      Abstract: The pandemic, with its environmental and socio-economic crises, has highlighted the urgency of structural responses. Overcoming this polycrisis requires the reactivation of a community and identity dimension of places. Cultural institutions can play an important role in this process. This paper proposes a focus on the role of ecomuseums in the creation of resilient communities, able to renew themselves to respond to crises. The ecomuseum movement is strongly committed to the eco-social transition of communities and territories and offers good practices for the management of common goods, methods and tools for the recognition of local identities, joint decision-making, co-planning, the care of living cultural heritage, the integral development of the landscape and the monitoring of impacts.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12152
       
  • The Proximity City: a comparative analysis between Paris, Barcelona and
           Milan

    • Authors: Francesco Alberti, Antonella Radicchi
      Pages: 69 - 77
      Abstract: This paper presents the results of a critical analysis of the 15-Minute City concept, developed through a comparative analysis of three case studies: the ville du quart d’heure in Paris, the Superilla plan in Barcelona and the Piazze Aperte programme in Milan. This comparative analysis is addressed through the lens of the theoretical and design paradigm of civic design/capital web and aims to highlight the limits and potential of these models and inform future research directions to pursue the eco-social transition of urban systems.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12151
       
  • Soft-approach to climate change adaptation. The active role of urban
           services

    • Authors: Chiara Bernardini
      Pages: 78 - 84
      Abstract: Learning from the present polycrisis exacerbated by the global pandemic and applying these lessons to the issue of climate change could bring long-term benefits. This contribution offers a novel point of view on the active role of urban services (re-defined as adaptation services) in supporting human systems’ adaptation to climate change. Furthermore, it discusses the implications of cross-level and cross-scale interactions in the management of adaptation services’ systems. The convergence of information collected from different sources (data triangulation) by means of literature review, in-deep analysis of policy documents and a continuous dialogue with key stakeholders shall ensure the consistency of the point of view proposed. 
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12153
       
  • Disruptive technologies and the paradigm shift for post-pandemic living

    • Authors: Rossella Maspoli
      Pages: 85 - 93
      Abstract: Disruptive technologies are emerging and spreading through the hybridisation of info-telematics and spatial infrastructures in order to innovate living spaces, from homes to neighbourhoods. The tendency to transform how we live induced by emergency events requires disruptive and adaptive technologies, able to respond to the evolution of requirements in terms of health, safety and the multi-functionality of spaces and barriers. In both the private and the public sphere, the post-pandemic performance response requires integrated solutions on a transdisciplinary basis, where – in line with cybernetic thought – the human aspect is enriched with real solutions projected onto augmented reality, but tested through the tools of evidence-based design.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12146
       
  • Re-Start: Student Housing Polycrisis post-Coronavirus

    • Authors: Oscar Eugenio Bellini, Maria Teresa Gullace, Martino Mocchi
      Pages: 94 - 103
      Abstract: The pandemic widened the questions on the typological, functional, and managerial inadequacy of the university housing, highlighting its limits and criticality. A polycrisis that suggests to critically rethink the spatial, organizational, functional, and managerial models, to reflect on the opportunity to open to the needs of new and varied users, not necessarily academics, but above all to broaden the reasoning to the policies tied to the EU internationalization programs. To this end, a new overall vision seems urgent, able to accompany the recovery in terms of innovation, and inaugurate, in competition with the use of the substantial funding of the PNRR, a new season of student accommodation interventions.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12155
       
  • Food Vertigo. Processes and devices for metropolitan food resilience

    • Authors: Filippo Orsini
      Pages: 104 - 116
      Abstract: By 2050, more than 80% of the world’s population will live in metropolitan conurbations. From a holistic and circular economy perspective, strategies for urban resilience that include universal access to food and alimentary security will be essential. This paper investigates the integration of existing traditional urban farming systems with new vertical farming techniques. The proposal is for an infrastructural strategy that improves human-environment interaction through the development of agricultural production on an intermediate scale and through architectural elements – such as urban vertical farms – configured as modular landmarks that respond to the technological complexity of the agro-industrial chain and can be adapted to different contexts, thus defining an inclusive and sustainable urban landscape.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12139
       
  • Mapping community environmental capacity to support climate responsive
           transition

    • Authors: Jacopo Gaspari, Ernesto Antonini, Valentina Gianfrate, Lorela Mehmeti
      Pages: 117 - 126
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has amplified a crisis that has already been underway for at least a decade: to stimulate recovery, the EU has put in place an impressive package of measures, the implementation of which is largely left to the national authorities. This would require a systematic reading of the territory, which in Italy clashes with the chronic lack of effective paths to interconnect the political levels to the decision-making processes at different scales. This article presents a method for mapping the relationships between the main environmental challenges and the response (individual and collective) that the community, if enabled, is able to offer in terms of adapting its behaviour. The method consists of a matrix of relationships between environmental priorities and behavioural models.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12135
       
  • Energy transition of urban districts. A viewpoint for the development of a
           decision support platform

    • Authors: Emanuele Piaia, Valentina Frighi
      Pages: 127 - 133
      Abstract: The European Commission aims to achieve climate-neutral cities by 2050. In such a complex operational framework, it is necessary to provide decision makers with adequate tools to promote energy transition and the resilience of cities through integrated actions, which directly involve communities and end users. To face these challenges and according to the objectives of the National Research Programme, it could be useful to implement interoperable urban digital platforms. Therefore, this contribution proposes a methodological point of view aimed at guiding the planning of shared and conscious redevelopment interventions through the implementation of a decision support platform conceived as an enabling environment capable of systematising data, tools and guidelines for the design and management of policies and interventions at the district scale.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12117
       
  • Eco-innovative approaches as activators of the environmental
           reconstruction of compromised contexts

    • Authors: Rossella Franchino, Caterina Frettoloso
      Pages: 134 - 145
      Abstract: One of the most important issues in the environmental reconstruction of compromised contexts is the renewal of open spaces as an added value to the urban fabric, especially when the eco-systemic balance has been altered. The transformation of these contexts, which can be interpreted both as a system “discarded” by the crisis as well as a system that puts the territory that hosts them into “crisis”, plays a significant role in the activation of integrated revitalisation processes. This is the case of the ASI zones: complex areas with a significant unexpressed or denied potential due to the impacts that productive activities have generated over times of use and non-use. Sharing the principles of an eco-innovative approach, the authors present a transformation model which aims to reconstruct the integration between industrial centres and the territories where they are located. The model was tested within the framework of an interdisciplinary research project.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12109
       
  • Multi-risk scenarios, knowledge and environmental design for the northern
           periphery of Naples

    • Authors: Sara Verde
      Pages: 146 - 155
      Abstract: Nowadays, the effects of climate change and pandemics are emerging. This brings about the need for new models of interpretation and organisation of urban spaces to respond to the multiple impacts on human health and the built environment. Urban peripheries are among the most vulnerable areas due to physical and socio-economic degradation. This paper presents the results of the Federico II University research “PER_CENT/PERIFERIE AL CENTRO”. Through a multidisciplinary approach, the research developed some innovative proposals for living spaces in the northern suburbs of Naples in line with European technical policies with integrated approaches for knowledge management, measurability of response to impacts and formulation of predictive scenarios.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12144
       
  • Phygital technologies for an open-air urban market during the pandemic
           crisis

    • Authors: Daniele Fanzini, Laura Daglio, Irina Rotaru, Angelo De Cocinis, Nour Zreika
      Pages: 156 - 166
      Abstract: The pandemic crisis has definitively exposed the limits of a development model that the crisis of the new millennium had already amply demonstrated. Urban commerce has been heavily affected by the polycrisis, requiring innovative solutions to overcome it. In Saint-Germain-en-Laye (SGL), the problem was addressed through a relaunch project aimed at transforming the city centre of SGL into an open-air urban market through the pedestrianisation of selected areas and encouraging multimodality and multifunctionality of spaces and services assisted by digital technologies. The goal was pursued by leveraging the sense of community of the inhabitants and the ability to interpret their needs by a team made up of planners and designers from the municipal administration of Saint Germain-en-Laye and researchers in several different disciplines from the Politecnico di Milano. Overall, the experience was configured as a co-design activity aimed at experimenting with new ways of urban resilience for citizens and business keepers particularly affected by the effects of the pandemic.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12147
       
  • Towards a Smart Community Welfare as a response to the housing emergency

    • Authors: Matteo Giovanardi, Matteo Trane, Elisa Biolchini
      Pages: 167 - 177
      Abstract: The implementation of a social housing network requires the adoption of welfare policies within a shared national regulatory framework, as well as new organisational, design and community models, enabled by the pervasiveness of ICT, in order to allow a paradigm shift in the dualistic structure of the real estate market. Following an analysis conducted on several levels and the involvement of local social housing authorities, we identified guidelines that are both programmatic – in the context of policies for the home – and project-related – regarding the physical and digital space, able to foster peculiar social-care relationships. In this perspective, the integration of the domains considered (smart, community, welfare) could promote an alternative social housing network.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12145
       
  • Rethinking housing as an adaptive system

    • Authors: Grazia Pota
      Pages: 178 - 186
      Abstract: This paper presents the results of PhD research aimed at identifying alternative models for designing collective housing, capable of moving the principles on which the house is built closer to the unstable and changing phenomena of society and the complex and contradictory characters of reality, reviewing both the themes and the methods for designing, building and managing architectural artefacts. In this perspective, computational design and digital fabrication tools are seen as possible means to manage complexity from a programmatic point of view rather than a formal one, evaluating the hypothesis that the residential building can be configured as a changing system that has adaptive and evolutionary properties.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12149
       
  • Performative housing for extreme climatic conditions: the African Off-grid
           Housing (AOH) research project case study

    • Authors: Paolo Cascone, Rosa Schiano-Phan, Benson Lau, Maria Christina Georgiadou, Maddalena Laddaga
      Pages: 187 - 199
      Abstract: «Today, 600 million people in Africa do not have access to electricity and 900 million lack access to clean cooking facilities» (IEA, 2019). With this premise, the paper will explain the research agenda of the African Off-grid Housing project on how to design and build off-grid and affordable housing solutions for Sub-Saharan Africa. This ongoing project is being developed at the School of Architecture and Cities of the UoW with the support of the GCRF.
      The research agenda is based on the idea of producing innovative knowledge able to bridge traditional and advanced design strategies as well as construction technologies in response to the urgent need of sustainable and performative housing in Sub-Saharan Africa.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12175
       
  • Towards eco-social transition: Community Regeneration Indicators respond
           to the polycrisis

    • Authors: Francesca Ciampa, Martina Bosone
      Pages: 200 - 210
      Abstract: This paper, prepared in the context of Community-led Local Development, discusses the relationships between the adaptive capacity of cities and the latest participatory governance approaches to identify new tools for eco-social transition. The polycrisis is an opportunity to reflect upon strategies to mitigate environmental, social and economic waste. The adoption of a systemic, circular and reiterative methodology considers stakeholders as promoters and drivers of human-centred development processes. From the intercontinental empirical comparison of case studies, the experimentation proposes Community Regeneration Indicators to monitor and evaluate the processes of recovery and adaptation of the built heritage, generating a replicable eco-social co-design transition model.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12140
       
  • Accessible itineraries. Udine, a contribution to the eco-social transition
           of medium-sized urban centres

    • Authors: Christina Conti, Mickeal Milocco Borlini, Elena Frattolin, Silvia Cioci
      Pages: 211 - 220
      Abstract: The research refers to the eco-social theory and environmental accessibility principles towards inclusive strategies and it targets public spaces used as a requirement for an autonomous and independent life. The contribution, referring to the 2030 Agenda, presents the experiment applied to the Municipality of Udine, a medium-size Italian city. While drafting the PEBA, the research focuses on urban itineraries, adopting and updating the regulatory tools in force. The administration, supported by the university, commuted the drafting process into a strategic opportunity of knowledge of the context defining the relationships between citizens and urban habitat. The research provides the possibility to qualify some strategic objectives and identify potential actions for an increasingly people-friendly city.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12131
       
  • Senior smart housing. Housing for the elderly as a community social
           infrastructure

    • Authors: Eugenio Arbizzani, Carola Clemente, Anna Mangiatordi
      Pages: 221 - 231
      Abstract: The situation of multiple socioeconomic and housing emergency crises associated with the ageing of the population raises new challenges for the construction industry. Establishing a relationship between people, the environment and digital technologies opens up broad possibilities for design innovation and in relation to construction, management and use practices in housing for the elderly. This paper investigates evolved housing models composed of interoperable ICT/IoT technological and spatial solutions. The objective of the research is to draw up a code of practice, starting from environmental and technological requirements for spaces and services, as well as quality and performance indicators (KPI) for a new culture of dwelling, with provisions for their replicability, adaptability and scalability to a variety of use settings.
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12156
       
  • Intelligent domestic ecosystems for frail elderly

    • Authors: Antonio Magarò
      Pages: 232 - 239
      Abstract: During the pandemic, the condition of frailty has discriminated against access to treatment paths, without favouring de-hospitalisation. Architecture has a duty to provide adequate responses to post-COVID housing needs. This proposal collects the results of research on residential models constituting interconnected ecosystem cells in smart neighbourhoods. The goal of the research is to verify the transition towards the smart city, exploiting techno-typological innovation to facilitate overcoming frailty at home. The main results include the evolution of the IDEAs prototype (Intelligent Domestic Ecosystem for an Ageing Society) as a housing model integrated by a system aimed at monitoring and supporting the daily life activities of the frail and elderly.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12148
       
  • Environmental impacts visualization through open BIM procedures

    • Authors: Ambra Barbini, Giada Malacarne, Giovanna A. Massari, Dominik T. Matt
      Pages: 240 - 249
      Abstract: The construction sector, also thanks to digital implementation, can contribute significantly to the control and reduction of the environmental impacts of building products and components. This article presents an open and inclusive workflow to assess environmental sustainability starting from Building Information Modelling in IFC format integrated with data on environmental impacts. By simplifying the readability of the data and exploiting the BIM model to highlight strengths and weaknesses in the life cycle of a window, a prototype software application has been developed, aiming to encourage not only conscious choices by clients but also sustainable innovations by manufacturers of building materials and components.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12143
       
  • Digitised projects, processes and products for temporary housing in
           landscapes at risk

    • Authors: Giovangiuseppe Vannelli, Monica Rossi-Schwarzenbeck
      Pages: 250 - 259
      Abstract: Regarding the polycrisis of the inner and marginal landscapes of Italy and in the broader context of an increasingly complex housing emergency, the paradigm of temporality in the post-emergency context is investigated here. With an interdisciplinary and transcalar approach, the contribution proposes a time-based design for the project of emergency housing in response to the post-earthquake “reconstruction risk”. In this respect, going beyond the concept of temporality, the prototype resulting from the research is intended as an “on-site store”. In order to interpret the emergency as an opportunity for renewal and the temporary heritage as permanent capital, the proposed design, process and product innovations exploit the potential of information modelling and cold-formed steel components.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12157
       
  • Green innovation of ultra-high performance concrete: a knowledge-based
           approach for the project

    • Authors: Jenine Principe
      Pages: 260 - 269
      Abstract: Although concrete is responsible of 27% of the CO2 emissions of the entire industrial sector, the material is required more every year. To reduce the impacts and quantities used, the International Energy Agency suggests the optimisation of the molecular composition of the concrete to enhance its performances. Based on this principle, ultra-high performance concretes are at the centre of a positive convergence of environmental, production and economic demands in the Italian construction sector. This paper presents both knowledge-based approaches for improving the cohesion between the design and production phases and applications for the redevelopment of buildings and infrastructures, thus demonstrating the validity of the proposed solutions for achieving carbon neutral objectives.
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12150
       
  • Living poetically places

    • Authors: Antonella Violano, Paolo Portoghesi
      Pages: 270 - 280
      Abstract: The changing and evolving forms of crisis, to which Architecture is asked to give an answer, lead to a metamorphosis not only of the spaces of contemporary living but also of the way of thinking about them as an opportunity to design a “Possible Quality”. Abandoning the logic of waste and increasing awareness of “responsible freedom” by coming to terms with the “roots of change” is the mission to which we are called by current events. In relation to these events, we must have an optimistically concrete, feasible vision of the future, founded on historical memory and aware that progress and innovation have both strengths and weaknesses that must be managed with wisdom and humility.  As Paolo Portoghesi tells us: Architecture is not only a noble mental exercise. The deep knowledge of the places, on which the architect’s work has the responsibility and the privilege of leaving its imprint, leads to the prudent and responsible consideration: we must satisfy real human needs and not false demands. A responsible ecological vision leads us to recognize that every place on the planet is a sensitive receptor and the impulse of transformation rather than metamorphosis, whether beneficial or harmful, inevitably has repercussions in all the other part of the system, in a condition of preordained unstable equilibrium as in Alexander Calder’s Mobiles. In synthesis, architecture is an involving and infinite dialogue; on this issue, Paolo Portoghesi takes the floor, the predestined of architecture that “breathes, communicates, inflects and embraces us” with the awareness of the responsibilities we have towards future generations.
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12920
       
  • Reviews

    • Authors: Francesca Giglio
      Pages: 281 - 282
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12921
       
  • Jonathan Zeitlin e Francesco Nicoli (a cura di). The European Union Beyond
           the Polycrisis' Integration and Politicization in an Age of Shifting
           Cleavages

    • Authors: Dario Trabucco
      Pages: 283 - 284
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12922
       
  • Paolo Perulli. Nel 2050. Passaggio al nuovo mondo

    • Authors: Erminia Attaianese
      Pages: 285 - 286
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12923
       
  • Alfonso Femia e Paul Ardenne. La città buona. Per una architettura
           responsabile

    • Authors: Beatrice Turillazzi
      Pages: 287 - 288
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12924
       
  • The development of lightweight membrane constructions and the role of the
           European association TensiNet

    • Authors: Alessandro Claudi de St. Mihiel
      Pages: 289 - 295
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.36253/techne-12925
       
 
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