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  Subjects -> MILITARY (Total: 106 journals)
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British Journal for Military History
Number of Followers: 36  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2057-0422
Published by British Commission for Military History Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Editorial

    • Authors: Richard S Grayson, Erica Wald
      Pages: 1 - 1
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1602
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Sicilian Expedition Reconsidered

    • Authors: Sotirios F Drokalos
      Pages: 2 - 19
      Abstract: According to Thucydides, or the prevailing modern interpretation of his classic work, the Athenian campaign in Sicily was the main cause of the Athenian defeat in the Peloponnesian war. Modern scholars tend to favour this view, so much so that the Sicilian campaign is universally held up as a classic example of a strategic mistake. This essay attempts, through the lens of a structural realist or neorealist theory of International Relations, to demonstrate that this was not the case. In fact, the Sicilian expedition was a foreseeable and rational strategic choice which was in line with Athenian foreign policy, and was not the main cause of the Athenian defeat.
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1603
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Sustaining Britain’s First ‘Citizen Army’: the Creation and

    • Authors: Thomas E Davies
      Pages: 20 - 39
      Abstract: Expansion of the British Army through Lord Kitchener’s New Armies has dominated the historiography of the First World War, generating a substantial amount of work on local, regional, and national recruitment. Though important, it has drawn attention away from Kitchener’s efforts to create a reinforcement system capable of sustaining it. Therefore, this article will redress this imbalance by exploring the creation and evolution of reinforcement policy for Kitchener’s New Armies between 1914 and 1916. It will demonstrate that the reinforcement system underwent a chaotic expansion and, overall, could not meet the demands of industrial warfare.
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1604
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Henning von Tresckow in Poland in 1939: The Future anti-Hitler Frondeur
           and the Origins of the Holocaust

    • Authors: Matthew Olex-Szczytowski
      Pages: 40 - 68
      Abstract: This article analyses the activities of Brigadier General Henning von Tresckow during his time as a front-line German divisional senior staff officer in Poland in 1939. Tresckow is known for his key role in the military element of the conspiracy which attempted the putsch on 20 July 1944. Latterly historians have shown that from 1941 Tresckow was complicit in atrocities in the Soviet theatre. This article demonstrates that Tresckow’s awareness of atrocities began in Poland. His unit, neighbouring army formations, and SS-police Einsatzgruppen perpetrated anti-Semitic excesses presaging the Holocaust. The article’s findings cast new light on the mental trajectories of Tresckow and other leading 1944 frondeurs. 
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1605
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • British Army Cold Weather and Mountain Warfare Training in the Second
           World War

    • Authors: Rob Granger
      Pages: 69 - 86
      Abstract: While the British Army fought the Second World War in the temperate climes of Europe, the deserts of North Africa and the jungles of Malaya and Burma it devoted considerable resources to training and equipping troops to fight in cold weather and mountain warfare. This article will review three different scenarios where the British Army sought to develop units to fight in this specialised environment, the methods they utilised, and the lessons learned from each attempt.
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1606
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Learning to Fail' Wartime Adaptation and Special Force in Burma,

    • Authors: Brett Van Ess
      Pages: 87 - 105
      Abstract: This article considers wartime tactical adaptation and its relationship with operational performance and outcomes during the Second World War. Specifically, it examines Long Range Penetration Groups (LRPG) facing the Imperial Japanese Army in Burma during two major operations to reveal how adaptation may decrease combat effectiveness and contribute to operational failure. This conclusion challenges contemporary assumptions about adaptation during conflict and suggests some of the costs when adaptation fails. It raises new questions about what circumstances and in what ways tactical adaptation may contribute to operational success or failure during mid-to-high intensity combat, relevant for contemporary theorists and practitioners.
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1607
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Lieutenant-Colonel James Leslie Kincaid and the Emergency Response to the
           1944 Eruption of Mount Vesuvius, Southern Italy

    • Authors: David K Chester, Angus M Duncan
      Pages: 106 - 128
      Abstract: The 1944 eruption of Vesuvius occurred at the height of the Second World War. A successful emergency relief operation was launched by the Allied Control Commission and was led by an American officer, Lt. Col. (James) Leslie Kincaid. In this paper we both describe the operation and evaluate its effectiveness pointing out, inter alia: the importance of well-trained and experienced personnel; the need for expertise across a wide range of specialisms; the ability to both empathise with victims, but at the same time lead and strongly direct a successful military operation and work harmoniously and effectively with allies. 
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1608
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Origins of Offensive Counterinsurgency During the Greek Civil War

    • Authors: Evripidis Tantalakis
      Pages: 129 - 151
      Abstract: The Greek Civil War is often studied as a historical event, but little attention is paid to it as a stage in counterinsurgency (COIN) doctrine development. The key point of this war was that it presented the foreign armies that assisted the Greek Royalists with the opportunity to apply traditional and new tactics against the Greek communist guerrillas and learn valuable lessons. This article will trace the origins of the offensive COIN in Greece, the first step in a broader research project that will seek to determine the impact of the Greek Civil War on US Army COIN doctrine development.
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1609
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Anti-Imperialist Pamphleteering: Understanding Global Jihad in Wartime
           India, 1914-1918

    • Authors: Lumbini Sharma
      Pages: 152 - 166
      Abstract: In 1914, the German Foreign Office envisaged a plan to stir up the subject populations of Britain, France and Russia. Colonial Muslims had a critical place in this plan, as contemporary Orientalist thought made the Germans believe these Muslims could easily be encouraged to rebel by a call for Jihad. In particular, the German Foreign Office believed Indian Muslims to be a disgruntled section of a subject population. The German government launched a campaign to spread jihadi propaganda to incite them into rebellion against the British imperial government. This Research Note contextualises the jihadi propaganda disseminated in India, in the broader transnational network of the German ‘programme for insurrection’. It also examines how it exploited the old Wahabi network for this purpose.
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1610
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Jeremy Black, Logistics: The Key to Victory

    • Authors: Bradley Shoebottom
      Pages: 167 - 168
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1611
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Matthew Hefferan, The Household Knights of Edward III: Warfare, Politics
           and Kingship in Fourteenth-Century England

    • Authors: Sean McGlynn
      Pages: 168 - 170
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1612
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Imogen Peck, Recollections in the Republics: Memories of the British Civil
           Wars in England, 1649-1659

    • Authors: Eilish Gregory
      Pages: 171 - 173
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1613
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Jeremy Black, How the Army made Britain a Global Power, 1688-1815

    • Authors: Nicola Martin
      Pages: 173 - 174
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1614
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Matilda Greig, Dead Men Telling Tales, Napoleonic War Veterans and the
           Military Memoir industry, 1808-1914

    • Authors: Simon Quinn
      Pages: 175 - 176
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1615
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Włodzimierz Borodziej and Maciej Górny, Forgotten Wars: Central and
           Eastern Europe, 1912-1916

    • Authors: Cathie Carmichael
      Pages: 177 - 178
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1616
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Robert Sackville-West, The Searchers: A Quest for the Lost of the First
           World War

    • Authors: Timothy Halstead
      Pages: 179 - 180
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1617
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Robert Lyman, A War of Empires: Japan, India, Burma & Britain 1941-45

    • Authors: George Wilton
      Pages: 180 - 182
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1618
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Raymond A Callahan & Daniel Marston, The 1945 Burma Campaign and the
           Transformation of the British Indian Army

    • Authors: George Wilton
      Pages: 182 - 184
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1619
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
  • Volker Ullrich (trans. Jefferson Chase), Eight Days in May

    • Authors: Phil Curme
      Pages: 184 - 186
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.25602/GOLD.bjmh.v8i1.1620
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
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