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  Subjects -> MILITARY (Total: 108 journals)
Showing 1 - 24 of 24 Journals sorted by number of followers
International Peacekeeping     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 472)
Perspectives on Terrorism     Open Access   (Followers: 472)
Conflict, Security & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 426)
Small Wars & Insurgencies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 373)
Security Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
British Journal for Military History     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Defence Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Journal of Military History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Defence Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Defense & Security Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
First World War Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Terrorism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
War & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Armed Forces & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
War in History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Defence and Peace Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Civil Wars     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Slavic Military Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
The RUSI Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Small Wars Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Media, War & Conflict     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Armed Conflict Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal for Maritime Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte. Das zentrale Forum der Zeitgeschichtsforschung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Military Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Military and Veterans Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Arms & Armour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Bibliography of Military History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Military Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Military Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
The Military Balance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Africa Conflict Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of National Security Law & Policy     Free   (Followers: 8)
Great Circle: Journal of the Australian Association for Maritime History, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Security and Defence Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Military Experience     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Military Behavioral Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Chinese Military History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Strategic Comments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Defense Modeling and Simulation : Applications, Methodology, Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Militärgeschichtliche Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Military and Strategic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Intelligent Defence Support Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nonproliferation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Military Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Disaster and Military Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Military and Information Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Military Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Defence Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Critical Military Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Archives in Military Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Naval Research Logistics: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal on Baltic Security     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Problemy Mechatroniki. Uzbrojenie, lotnictwo, inżynieria bezpieczeństwa / Problems of Mechatronics. Armament, Aviation, Safety Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Whitehall Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Medicine, Conflict and Survival     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Fra Krig og Fred     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eesti Sõjaajaloo Aastaraamat / Estonian Yearbook of Military History     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of power institutions in post-soviet societies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Modern Information Technologies in the Sphere of Security and Defence     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Defense Studies & Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Digital War     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
O Adjunto : Revista Pedagógica da Escola de Aperfeiçoamento de Sargentos das Armas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Signals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Headmark     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Wiedza Obronna     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Poder Aéreo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Military Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Factors and Mechanical Engineering for Defense and Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Post-Soviet Armies Newsletter     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Special Operations Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Social Development & Security : Journal of Scientific Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Agulhas Negras     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Babilônia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CRMA Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista do Exército     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Naval Sciences and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Slawistik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
University of Miami National Security & Armed Conflict Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
United Service     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Securitologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Militar de Ciência e Tecnologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Martial Arts Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of African Military History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sabretache     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Vojnotehnički Glasnik     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Vulcan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista Científica Fundação Osório     Open Access  
Doutrina Militar Terrestre em Revista     Open Access  
Coleção Meira Mattos : Revista das Ciências Militares     Open Access  
선진국방연구     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Marte     Open Access  
Scientific Journal of Polish Naval Academy     Open Access  
Revista Política y Estrategia     Open Access  
Medical Journal Armed Forces India     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Científica General José María Córdova     Open Access  
Gettysburg Magazine     Full-text available via subscription  
Sanidad Militar     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
War in History
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.169
Number of Followers: 23  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0968-3445 - ISSN (Online) 1477-0385
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1118 journals]
  • Notes on Contributors
    • Pages: 3 - 4
      Abstract: War in History, Volume 28, Issue 1, Page 3-4, January 2021.

      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2021-01-11T08:02:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520983039
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Book Review: A British Profession of Arms; The Politics of Command in the
           Late Victorian Army
    • Authors: William Butler
      Pages: 223 - 224
      Abstract: War in History, Volume 28, Issue 1, Page 223-224, January 2021.

      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2021-01-11T08:07:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520979471
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Book Review: A Short History of the Crimean War
    • Authors: Andrew Lambert
      Pages: 224 - 225
      Abstract: War in History, Volume 28, Issue 1, Page 224-225, January 2021.

      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2021-01-11T08:05:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520979471a
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Book Review: Learning War: The Evolution of Fighting Doctrine in the US
           Navy, 1898-1945
    • Authors: Greg Kennedy
      Pages: 225 - 227
      Abstract: War in History, Volume 28, Issue 1, Page 225-227, January 2021.

      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2021-01-11T08:04:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520979471b
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Book Review: The United States’ Entry Into the First World War: The Role
           of British and American Diplomacy
    • Authors: Ross A. Kennedy
      Pages: 227 - 228
      Abstract: War in History, Volume 28, Issue 1, Page 227-228, January 2021.

      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2021-01-11T08:04:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520979471c
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Book Review: Mussolini and Hitler – The Forging of the Fascist Alliance
           and Adolf Hitler. Politischer Zauberlehrling Mussolinis
    • Authors: Bastian Matteo Scianna
      Pages: 228 - 229
      Abstract: War in History, Volume 28, Issue 1, Page 228-229, January 2021.

      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2021-01-11T08:04:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520979471d
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Book Review: Historians at War: Cold War Influences on Anglo-American
           Representations of the Spanish Civil War
    • Authors: Richard Baxell
      Pages: 229 - 231
      Abstract: War in History, Volume 28, Issue 1, Page 229-231, January 2021.

      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2021-01-11T08:05:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520979471e
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Book Review: The Veterans’ Tale: British Military Memoirs of the
           Second World War
    • Authors: Grace Huxford
      Pages: 231 - 232
      Abstract: War in History, Volume 28, Issue 1, Page 231-232, January 2021.

      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2021-01-11T08:05:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520979471f
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Book Review: Useless Mouths – The British Army’s Battles in France
           after Dunkirk May-June 1940
    • Authors: Elmar Kutsch
      Pages: 232 - 234
      Abstract: War in History, Volume 28, Issue 1, Page 232-234, January 2021.

      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2021-01-11T08:05:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520979471g
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Corrigendum to Air power and Allenby’s army: Arms in Palestine
           1917–1918
    • Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2021-02-10T04:43:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344521996138
       
  • Shopping in wartime Italy: On the purchases made by German troops,
           tourists, and politicians, 1940/1941
    • Authors: Malte König
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      It is well known that the reality of the Axis Alliance could not compete with its myth. Contrary to what had been hoped for by the fascist regime, there was no close cooperation within the ‘Berlin-Rome Axis’ after the war started. Historians certainly went too far when they called the Italy of 1941 a German satellite state. Nevertheless, it cannot be denied that the balance of power within the axis had been redefined. The purchases of German troops, tourists, and politicians in Italy and the countermeasures taken by the fascists are good indicators of how relations had changed.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2021-01-11T11:00:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520928098
       
  • A weapon too far: The British radiological warfare experience,
           1940–1955
    • Authors: William King
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      Between 1940 and 1955, Britain explored controversial radiological weapons. Keen to discover further military uses for atomic energy, defence officials and scientists initially approached the field with much hope and optimism. However, technical difficulties, economic costs, public and political aversion, competition from other controversial weapons, and even the resistance of scientists themselves, soon came to dominate the direction of policy. This article explores the unique British experience with radiological weapons, determines how far Britain ventured down this questionable path, and accounts for why, after over a decade of research, they were judged a step too far.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2021-01-11T10:45:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520922565
       
  • What is military labour' War, logistics, and the Mughals in early
           modern South Asia
    • Authors: Pratyay Nath
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      The category of ‘military labour’ has traditionally been used to designate ‘combat labour’ – the labour of soldiers. Focusing on the case of early modern South Asia, the present essay argues that this equivalence is misplaced and that it is a product of a distorted view of war defined primarily in terms of combat. The essay discusses the roles played by the logistical workforce of Mughal armies in conducting military campaigns and facilitating imperial expansion. It calls for broadening the category of ‘military labour’ to include all types of labour rendered consciously towards the fulfilment of military objectives.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2021-01-07T10:38:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520918615
       
  • Air power and Allenby’s army: Arms in Palestine 1917–1918
    • Authors: James Halstead
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      Historians have overlooked the important role played by airpower in combined arms during the Palestine Campaign, 1917–1918. This article argues the Egyptian Expeditionary Force adopted Western Front command structures, successfully integrating airpower within their command and control systems. Tactical and strategic airpower provided intelligence which allowed Corps and Army Headquarters to control the tempo of operations, while ground attack operations disrupted Ottoman command and control arrangements. This integration made a clear contribution to the success of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force at the crucial battles of Third Gaza and Megiddo.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-12-15T12:46:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520914316
       
  • Eyes on target: ‘Stay-behind’ forces during the Cold War
    • Authors: Tamir Sinai
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines the concept of ‘stay-behind’ as a war-fighting tactic used by North Atlantic Treaty Organization to maximize its defensive efforts against a possible Soviet onslaught during the Cold War. It outlines how the concept developed, describes the military and clandestine units involved and what the division of tasks was between them, the way they operated, and how North Atlantic Treaty Organization was involved in coordinating these efforts. By providing a holistic look at military and clandestine stay-behind doctrine, it fills a gap in Cold War intelligence research.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-12-09T05:39:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520914345
       
  • The business of war untangled: Cities as fiscal-military hubs in Europe
           (1530s–1860s)
    • Authors: Peter H. Wilson, Marianne Klerk
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      Fiscal-military hubs were cities characterized by the clustering of specific expertise and resources, which became centres where states, and semi-state and non-state actors arranged the transfer of war-making resources in early modern Europe. Using this concept enables the study of the business of war to shift the locus beyond the state towards a transnational history, while integrating political, military, economic, and cultural aspects that have generally been studied separately. By examining the hub, we can untangle the full complexity of this business, and reveal its actors, networks, assets, prices, routes, culture, and rules of conduct.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-12-03T11:38:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520913583
       
  • The treatment of western prisoners of war in Nazi Germany: Rethinking
           reciprocity and asymmetry
    • Authors: Raffael Scheck
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      Given that the Geneva Convention of 1929 placed prisoners of war under the laws of the detaining state, Nazi courts martial could sentence prisoners of war for offences that did not exist in the western democracies, such as insults to the Führer, or severely punish them for acts leading only to mild disciplinary sanctions in Britain or America. Moreover, convicted prisoners of war had to experience the singularly brutal German prison system. These asymmetries, which influenced the Geneva Convention on prisoners of war of 1949, challenge the paradigm of reciprocity and symmetry in prisoner of war regimes between Germany and the western countries in World War II.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-12-03T11:35:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520913577
       
  • The Continental Army and ‘Military Europe’: Professionalism and
           Restraint in the American War of Independence
    • Authors: Jon Chandler
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      Most historians now agree that the United States won its independence not with citizen-soldiers but through the exertions of a small coterie of hardened military professionals. These men fought for eight years in George Washington’s Continental Army which, these historians maintain, was fundamentally different from contemporary European institutions. This article argues that this distinction is largely overstated. Continental officers and soldiers considered themselves as members of a military community which traversed national and institutional boundaries. Their adherence to a set of common norms, customs, and behaviours suggests that, far from unique, the Continental Army was an extension of ‘Military Europe’.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-12-03T04:40:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520913594
       
  • The cult of geography: Chinese riverine defence during the Battle of
           Wuhan, 1937-1938
    • Authors: Di Wu
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      When Wuhan became the centre of Chinese resistance, the Kuomintang formulated a defensive strategy for the geography of the Central Yangtze. Without a coherent riverine defence doctrine, they were over-confident about the benefits of the terrain, causing a series of catastrophic blunders including the neglect of the intricate connections between ground and waterborne forces, the deployment of subpar troops for the defence of key fortifications, and the mistaken utilization of ‘drowned earth’ tactics. This article challenges existing narratives of the Second Sino-Japanese War and fills a gap in the current understanding of the defensive aspect of riverine warfare.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-11-27T04:54:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520961548
       
  • The bear in the room: Gallipoli, Russia, and the World War I
    • Authors: David Trudinger
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      Russia was much more entwined in the narrative of Gallipoli than the Australian (and the international) historiography of that epic encounter suggests. The principal knot that tied Gallipoli and Russia together was the Constantinople Agreement of April 1915. Russia utilized British fears that she would abandon the Eastern front to impose on its Allies the secret Constantinople Agreement, which promised possession of the Straits and Constantinople to Russia after a successful war. Gallipoli was, in effect, both the main catalyst and guarantor of the Agreement, which then played a role in keeping Russia in the war, crucially denying Germany a one-front war.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-11-27T04:51:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520953455
       
  • Humour, neutrality, and preparedness: American satirical magazines and the
           First World War, 1914–1917
    • Authors: Vincent Trott
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      This article discusses how American satirical magazines responded to the First World War while the United States remained a neutral power. By focusing on these previously overlooked sources, it demonstrates that satirical humour performed two significant functions. First, it acted as a tool of persuasion through which magazines agitated for or against American intervention in the conflict. Second, it became a major means with which periodicals sought to ostracize German-Americans, fuelling nativist sentiment. Ultimately, satirical magazines suggest that while responses to the war were initially diverse, most Americans had come to support military intervention by April 1917.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-11-27T04:49:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520944205
       
  • The ‘desertions crisis’ in the Irish defence forces during the Second
           World War, 1939–1945
    • Authors: Joseph Quinn
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      Throughout the course of the Second World War, approximately 7,000 personnel serving with the defence forces of neutral southern Ireland abandoned their posts and absented themselves from duty. A large majority of these absentees successfully evaded capture by their authorities, crossing the border into Northern Ireland and arriving at British combined forces recruiting centres where they enlisted in the British army and the Royal Air Force. At the conclusion of the war, in August 1945, some 5,000 soldiers listed as ‘absent without leave’ were formally dismissed from the defence forces, deprived of all pension and gratuity rights, and legally prevented from obtaining any form of publicly remunerated employment for a 7-year period. This article investigates desertion from the Irish defence forces during the Second World War, producing fresh conclusions as to why it occurred on such a large scale.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-11-27T04:39:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520932960
       
  • A ‘mere six weeks’' A comparative study re-examining the longevity
           of infantry officers’ frontline service during the Great War
    • Authors: Tom Thorpe
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      Veteran testimony after the Great War and current popular legend states that regimental officers in frontline infantry battalions during the Great War served around six weeks before death or injury ended their service. This article seeks to explore the veracity of these assertions by conducting a quantitative statistical survey of the longevity of officers who served in eight British and two Canadian infantry battalions on the Western Front during the Great War. The data presented in this study debunks the idea of the ‘six weeks’ myth as only 7 per cent of all episodes of service were six weeks or less. During 1914/1915, officers served on average just over five months, and this nearly doubled by 1918. Even during the intensive fighting of the Hundred Days in 1918, officers’ length of service was found to be longer than in earlier in the war. The increasing longevity of officer service over the course of the war may have been as a result of cumulative battlefield learning, support from experienced non-commissioned officers, the introduction of the left-out-of-battle system and tactical reform of platoons that made the platoon officer a co-ordinator rather than a personal leader. In addition, from 1916, the majority of officers joining infantry units under study were commissioned from the ranks and brought with them years of battlefield experience and military service which helped them survive.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-11-09T03:45:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520967706
       
  • Survive to be critical: The Wartime Graphic as a ‘masquerading’ media
           in the Russo-Japanese War, 1904-1905
    • Authors: Yu Sakai
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      By focusing on unconventional war imagery of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) in The Wartime Graphic, a widely popular pictorial war magazine in Japan, this article uncovers an art of publishing critical materials under the difficult circumstances of modern total war. The magazine’s contents suggest that it was a ‘masquerading’ media which provided critical cultural space while circumventing censorship. Examining the space and expressions in the middle ground, this article will shed light on considerable yet hitherto overlooked dimensions of wartime Japanese press and Japanese society, challenging dichotomous understandings of ‘pro-’ and ‘anti-’ war.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-06-08T06:00:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344519871974
       
  • A ‘very fowle warre’: Scorched earth, violence, and Thomas Howard’s
           French and Scottish campaigns of 1522-1523
    • Authors: Neil Murphy
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines the scorched-earth campaigns Thomas Howard, earl of Surrey, launched in France and Scotland in 1522-1523. These campaigns saw exceptional levels of violence directed against civilian populations by Tudor armies. Howard destroyed tens of thousands of acres of the countryside in France and Scotland, as well as numerous towns, villages, and strongholds. He made methodical and systematic use of scorched earth to achieve the prolonged ruination of the enemy frontiers. Overall, this article shows that Howard’s campaigns of 1522-1523 represented a marked escalation in the level of violence English armies directed at civilians.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-06-08T05:56:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344519871970
       
  • Conflict, fortification, and settlement patterns: A study of the
           vernacular villages in Guangdong, South China
    • Authors: Jin Tao, Xiaolan Zhuo, Qiaohua Qin, Dawei Xiao, Shawei Zhang, Huashuai Chen
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      This study explores the defensive characteristics of vernacular fortified villages preserved within Guangdong province in South China. Based on field investigations that cover 1,592 townships, the planning layout, architectural design, and relevant special structures of various fortified villages were analysed and illustrated. In this way, the distribution patterns of the villages were exhibited, and their natural and social mechanisms of formation were thus revealed. Results show that the full utilization of the natural environment and organic integration with artificial defence facilities, as well as the adaption to the local culture, were the main concerns surrounding the construction of fortified villages.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-06-08T05:54:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344519871141
       
  • Turning point in the Sinai: The great armoured battle of 14 October 1973
    • Authors: David Rodman
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      The massive Israeli–Egyptian tank battle in the Sinai on 14 October 1973 constituted a turning point on the southern front during the Yom Kippur War. The crushing Israeli victory set the stage for another turning point on this front, the Israeli counter-crossing of the Suez Canal. Yet, the battle of 14 October has received rather scant attention from military historians. This article, therefore, attempts to fill a gap in the literature about the Yom Kippur War by describing and analysing the battle itself, as well as by highlighting its broader impact on the course of hostilities in the Sinai.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-06-08T05:51:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344519868782
       
  • From Sevastopol to Sukhumi – and back again: British naval liaison in
           action with the Red Navy in the Black Sea, 1941-1945
    • Authors: Martin H Folly
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      During World War II, Britain established a liaison officer with the Soviet Fleet in the Black Sea. Military cooperation between the western allies and the USSR is often regarded as minimal and unsuccessful, but this post demonstrated more positive cooperation. There were two crises when there were accusations of misbehaviour, and there were occasions when he was idle, but these were handled successfully in Whitehall. The post endured, and successive officers did a good job of operational liaison, as well as providing unique intelligence insights from a Soviet fighting front, right up until the end of the war in Europe.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-06-02T11:33:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344519871971
       
  • Montenegrin-British military cooperation against the French in the Bay of
           Kotor (1813-1814)
    • Authors: Saša Knežević, Boris Vukićević 
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      During the Napoleonic Wars on the eastern coast of the Adriatic, a British squadron established a close military cooperation with the Montenegrins. The aim of the British was to liberate Boka Kotorska (the Bay of Kotor/Bocca di Cattaro) from the French, and the goal of the Montenegrin Metropolitan Petar I was to unite Boka with Montenegro. The war events in Bay of Kotor are the subject of this article. The Memoirs and Letters of the British squadron’s Commander William Hoste were extensively used, as well as the diary of the French General Gauthier and historical sources from the Montenegrin archives.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-05-26T08:38:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344520904065
       
  • Strategic culture and intelligence failure: British intelligence on Japan
           before the Imphal–Kohima battle, 1943–1944
    • Authors: Zhongtian Han
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      Despite the common perception that British intelligence succeeded in preventing surprise before the Imphal–Kohima battle, this study shows that British assessment of Japanese intentions before the battle was in fact extremely ambivalent. It argues that the difference between British and Japanese strategic cultures was the key to explain British intelligence failure. Because of the two different strategic cultures, the British could not understand the dynamics of Japanese strategic planning and Japan’s offensive political objective against India. These findings suggest that despite improvement in technology and organization, diverging strategic cultures of different opponents will likely remain a major challenge to future intelligence.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-05-22T08:40:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344519898722
       
  • Gun Control and National Defence in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century
           Denmark
    • Authors: Gunner Lind
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      Light firearms were a challenge for governments during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. They not only were necessary in war but also posed a risk of poaching, crimes, and rebellion. Early modern gun control is often seen through the lens of social and political factors. This article highlights how the needs of war could constrain the desire to control. In the Danish case, military need completely reversed a trend towards less demand for popular armament and more restrictions on the guns of ‘common men’. This happened despite the existence of a large regular army and despite an aristocratic political system.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-05-11T10:22:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344519896814
       
  • War without contact: Berenhorst, Bülow, and the avoidance of violence as
           the core paradigm of military science
    • Authors: Arthur Kuhle
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      Georg Heinrich von Berenhorst and Dietrich von Bülow were perhaps the most inspirational war theorists of the late eighteenth century. Following Berenhorst, Bülow developed a theory that interpreted war as a dynamic system without physical contact, prompting Carl von Clausewitz to write a crushing critique that up to the present day obfuscates Bülow’s ideas. However, Clausewitz’s critique is based on a fundamental misconception, which illustrates how this decisive swerve in war theory continues to be neglected. This article demonstrates how Berenhorst and Bülow strived for introducing Newtonian standards to human behaviour for a pacifist theory of war.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-05-11T10:20:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344519882729
       
  • The Iberian Peninsula and the First World War: Between neutrality and
           non-belligerency (1914–1916)
    • Authors: Ana Paula Pires
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      This article seeks to analyse the political and diplomatic effects of the outbreak of the First World War on the Iberian Peninsula, considering the relationship between Portugal and Spain in the context of the (dis)equilibria of power caused by the Sarajevo assassination in the summer of 1914, and the debates between neutrality and belligerency that occurred in both countries. Neutral and non-belligerent societies had to legitimate themselves within total war; they had also to reflect on the role played by their respective nations and build an Iberian narrative to sustain it. In this matter, Spanish neutrality and Portuguese non-belligerency, until 1916, should always be analysed as specific foreign policies and within the framework of the public debate ‘decadence vs regeneration’, present in both countries since the last decade of the nineteenth century.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-05-11T10:18:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344519882066
       
  • Back to the sources: An attempt to resolve the Schlieffen Plan controversy
    • Authors: Terence M Holmes
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      The widely held belief that the Schlieffen Plan was the basis of German strategy in 1914 stems from the historical misrepresentation of that plan as a design for the conduct of a two-front war. Schlieffen’s famous memorandum of December 1905, generally known as the Schlieffen Plan, proposed a massive right-wing attack on France but only in the case of a one-front war. His basic principle for the conduct of a two-front war, spelled out in another document of December 1905, was to counter-attack on both fronts in quick succession. The younger Moltke’s decision for a massive right-wing attack on France in 1914 signified a rupture with Schlieffen’s strategic thinking, not a continuation of it. The First World War would have started very differently – with a great battle in Lorraine, not on the Marne – if the Germans had acted in accordance with Schlieffen’s real intentions for a war on two fronts.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-05-05T04:32:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344519886331
       
  • Big stories about big squids: The story of the Britannia and the birth of
           a wartime urban legend
    • Authors: Jonathan Dyer
      Abstract: War in History, Ahead of Print.
      A popular urban legend from World War II involves the survivors of a sunken British troopship being attacked by a giant squid. The story of R.E.G. Cox and the giant squid he claimed that attacked him can be found in a wide variety of written and online sources. This article explores the origins of this urban legend, looks at its spread, and debunks it through both historiographical research and a brief scientific examination of relevant marine life.
      Citation: War in History
      PubDate: 2020-05-05T04:27:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0968344519877664
       
 
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